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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 30, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME C OM P DEPARTMENT OP HISTORY AND ARCHIVES KOINES IA THI NEWSPAPIR THAT MAKIS AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH HOME EDITION firmr TIUS PAPER CONSTSTS OF TWO SECTIONS NEW GUINEA RAINS PUSH JAPS BACK W m L India Debates Britains Offer CRIPPS STATES DECISION MUST BE MADE NOW Dominion Status After War Is Disappointment to Some Indian Leaders NEW DELHI lead ers debated in secret Monday night British proposals to grant the great subcontinent dominion status after the war even as Sir Stafford Cripps appealed to the 390000000 people of India for acceptance ot the plan Our proposals are definite and precise the British war cabinet member said in a radio address If they are rejected nothing can be done until after the war The executive committees of the allIndia national congress chief political party of the Hindu population and the Mos lem league deliberated the pro posals at such length that it ap peared unlikely that decisions would be reached until later in the week Sir Stafford continued to inter view individual leaders Including the premier of Bengal and Dr Ghimrao Ramji Ambedkar lead er of Indias 50000000 untouch lowest Hindu caste In the congress and in some oth er circles disappointment was ex pressed over Sir Staffords an nouncement that the defense of subcontinent must in Britains hands during thewar Sir Stafford explaining to the Indian people the proposals he has laid before their leaders in a week of conferences broadcast Monday night a speech in which he said that the British people wished to give India the same constitu tion as Great Britain We cannot here and now set about forging a constitution for India he declared That is too important o improvise in a hur ried way The new constitution must be agreed upon by the In dian people themselves He declared that if the Indian people required any help in the constitution of their new govern ment Britain would gladly give it The defense of India is being dealt with as a part of the world wide defense against aggression he said Sir Stafford added that he has proposed that Indias commander m chief Gen Sir Archibald P should retain his position as a member of the executive council We have invited the appoint ment of a representative of the Indian government to take a posi tion in the war cabinet he added When the war is over Indias representatives will take their places side by side with those other free nations in order to make her own contribution to the building of a new world order The final outcome for ihe cause of 390000000 varied con tentious inhabitants of the great subcontinent still depended however on three things First was the stipulation in Brit ains offer announced Sunday by Sir her emissary of free dom to India that self rule await untilafter the war which even now threatens her with in invasion Then India must decide that the offer of Britains war cabinet is acceptable And her bickering patchwork of minorities must work out a for mula to make independence a working reality The first indication was that Ihe British plan would be ac ceptable although Mohandas K K Ghandhi the wizened little leader in whom Indias struggle has become personified was re ported as wary that the proposal would keep India from attaining full political integrity In brief Sir Staffords an nouncement envisaged anew In dian union after the war which would be a dominion within the British empire with the right if it chose to secede Until the wars end however vast India s defense would remain under British control and Britain would expect her people to mar shal all their manpower and re sources to beat off the enemy al ready based in the Andaman is lands and in Burma Statesmanship of India Is Put to Test By DEW1TT MACKENZIE Wide World War Analyst Britains offer of independence to India in the form of dominion status puts Indian leadersto a supreme test to show what caliber of statesmanship they possess to warrant selfgovernment It is not an easy moment for either party for the problems are mountainous There will be heart p Burnings among those who seek utter severance from the Brit ish crown However teachers like Gandhi who is one of the great minds of our time will rec ognize that in conceding even MACKENZIE cession to the greatest of her possessions Eng land has gone about as far as one would expect the mother country to go this side of the mil lennium Even he difficult issue in volved in the Moslem demand for a state separate from the Hindus is taken care of by a provision that there may be more than one dominion irov ernment in the Indian empire Thus unless one section of the population insists on imposing Its will on another section this politicoreligious dilemma fin allymay be solved Stafford Cripps bluntman of few words whoconveyed this offer to India has said that he has a fortnight to devote to the negotiations arid that the pro posal must beaccepted in toto But vhat sounds like an ultimatum probably is softened in the mind er the Indian leaders by their knowledge that this leftist politi cal runnerup to Premier Church H has been championing the ause of Hindustans selfgovern ment Reports from Delhi indi ate that Cripps has made con siderable progress Britains conservative statesmen hold that India isnt ready for elfgovernment They base this on the fact that according o the latest official figures some 37 per cent of the people are il iterate in this Vast country which ontains close to a fifth vorlds population Hindustans answer Is that she has many brilliant and highly educated men and wom en upon whom to draw and that the only way a country can learn to govern is to govern But the immediate question is ar bigger than whether India is bsolutely ready for selfgovem nent She is faced with the reatest crisis in her modern his threal Named Civilian Coordinator Lester C Dibble Mason City attorney and captain in the ordnance reserves has been ap pointed by Mayor Arleigh Mar shall to the position of coordi nator of civilian defense for Mason City Mr Dibble takes the position to which Capt Charles Van Horn was appointed some weeks ajro Captain Van Horn how ever is out of the city jn his capacity as an officer in the state guard making necessary the appointment of new co ordinator Mr Dibble will have charge of coordinating the citys many defense activities such as the organization of an auxiliary police force anemergency force of firemen and air raid precau tions of In dia get squarely behind the British government for the de fense of their country they may shortly suffer the horrors of being overrun by Nipponese hordes Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Not much change in tem l pcrature Monday afternoon and Monday night and Tuesday forenoon Scattered snow flur ries Monday afternoon and Monday night MINNESOTA Light local snow Monday afternoon and Monday night becoming slightly colder except in extreme northwest OTUtheast portions and Tuesday Monday night forenoon Buy your defense savings stamps from your Globe Gazette carrier boy or at the GG business office MASON CITY Slightly colder Mondaymght Lowest tempera tures la occasional scattered passing snow flurries Monday afternoon and Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 32 Minimum Sunday night 24 At 8 a m Monday 24 Precipitation 05 inch Snow 50 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday night At 8 a m Sunday Precipitation YEAR AGO 51 36 39 19 23 02 Maximum Minimum 41 23 IN TAXESPROPOSED Treasury Suggests Extraordinary Medical Costs Be Deducted WASHINGTON treas tiry proposed Monday three lib erahzations of the present zamilj expense deductions in computin individual income taxes Randolph Paul tax adviser t Secretary Morgenthau told ihe house ways and means committee that m view of the increases ii tax rates which the present situa tion necessitated these change would be desirable 1 Medical deduc tion should be allowed for extra ordinary medical expenses tha are in excess a specified per centage of the familys net income The amount allowed under such a deduction should however be limited to some specified maxi mum amount 2 Credit for dependent chil he credit f01 dependen children should be revised to al low a credjt for children betwcer the ages of 18 and 21 who are ii attendance at school 3 Additional credit where wife earns the wife works outside the home addi tional household expenses usually are incurred which are not pres ent where the wife is able to de vote her full time to the main tenance of the home For this rea son it is suggested that an addi tional credit be provided as fol lows There should be allowed as a credit against the tax upon the family an amount equal to 10 per cent of the wifes earnings Such credit however should not ex ceed S100 A similar credit should be allowed where a person oc cupying the status of head of the family such as a widow works 6 Nazi Officers Shot for Negligence When RAF Bombed Paris NEW YORK advices received from Europe Monday by the Associated Press said travelers who recently visit ed Paris reported that six German officers were shot and a score of others sent to prison camps in Poland on charges of negligence at the time of the RAF raid on the Pans area March 3 These re ports said that almost all the offi cers m charge of the air defenses of the city were attending a gala party at a luxurious night club the Bal Tabarin that night and knew nothing about the raid until the bombs had been falling for some time on the big Ranault I motorcar plants on the Seine BATTLE NORTH OF TOUNGOO IS EXPECTED SOON Fighting Continues During Torrential Rainstorms in City CHUNGKING UR Chines troops still fought at Tungoo o the central Burma front after fou days of terrific Japanese pound ing but a communique Monda indicated allied forces were bein massed for the main battle nort of Toungoo on the road to Man dalay The Japanese failed to pene trate the Chinese lines Sunday al though they allegedly resorted t gas warfare in an effort to biea through the Chinese communiqu charged The fighting occurred in tor rential rainstorms that at times blotted out the opposing lines but the rain did not prevent Chinese recapture of several towns in some of the most san guinary battles ol the south western campaign American military experts said more than 30 per cent of the deaths around Toungoo were caused by bayon ets The communique said however nat the Toungoo battle was no turning into patrol actions indi eating the Chinese had success fully withdrawn some force northwafd to the mainallied de fensepositions 6th armies In a number of counterattacks he Chinese drove the Japanes rom four villages near Yehhashe about 37 miles north of Toungoo and inflicted 300 casualties The enemy was pouring rein forcements Into the area The Japanese 33rd and 55th divisions already were facing Ihe Chinese and another division was reportec to have arrived from a southern port Other troops were being moved from the Japanese rear where they had been resting The avenue by which the Chi nese can withdraw to the north apparently was created when the defenders broke through the Japa nese lines on the east side of the virtually encircled town By maintaining their position along the railroad the Chinese thus are m a position to drop back to the north as they desire This breakthrough reported in a Chinese communique marked the closing phase of one of the bloodiest battles of the Pacific war The Chinese evacuation was completed in force with the J a p a n e se suffering tremendous Japanese reinforcements ap parently turned he tide of the battle raging since Thursday night when the enemy entered Tounffoo through its northwest Kates During the 24 hours end ing Friday night the Chinese held the eastern half of the city while the Japanese controlled the west As the enemy closed in from the south west and north the Chinese managed to stand off a Japanese column on the east Chinese com muniques reported Bayonets were used in violentstreet fighting as the Japanese sent daretodie squads into the city Chungking communiques an nouncing the Chinese withdrawal conflicted with Sundays commu nique from the IndiaBurma com mand which quoted a report from headquarters that the Chi nese had no intention of with drawing from the city The com munique broadcast Joy the All India radio said the Chinese still are holding their lines at Tun loo SELLS IN BONDS CHICAGO anaugh Jr 12 ranked as the top young salesman in suburban Oak Park worth of business for Uncle Sam win ning him a savings bond EQUATOR MCtriC KAVIENG INEWH OCEAN G i ArofuraSeo YORK xKNINSULA ITDARWIN ICOOKTOWN AUSTRALIA MtLES AT EQUATOR roaring torrents to start back to their 3 Boys Smash 75 Windows in Grudge Against School that a small tornado had the threestory building But Police Sergt Ralph Miller three If year oldboys held uu uidL HIS Peabody school Sunday was cause they disliked school and held grudges against teachers Adamicktold police that on his inspection of the building he dis covered There were 73 windows broken 20 clocks smashed books ancj napers scattered throughout the 18 classrooms and desks overturned out In the print shop six cases of type were upset and walls meared with ink in the wood two offices exit lighls working room motors were torn Joose from Severn tools tool oose from several power work benches overturned scattere daube with wood stains mthe cookin room kitchen utensils wen thrown about and food scattered over the floor Adamiclc estimated the damage at 54000 and said 10 workmen were assigned to clean the wreck age Miller said two of the bovs Charles Froelich and his twh brother Leo were students ai Peabody while the third youth Richard Subski attended anothei school Reed Says Workers on War Projects Paid to Unions WASHINGTON Senato eed R Kans told the senate Monday that workers on war and defense projects had been forced o pay at least in ees to labor unions The Kansas republican senator aid his estimate was based upon ersona investigations of union harges on a defense project near lis home city of Parsons Kans ic urged congressional approval his bill which would make it llegal to require union member hip for a job on any project anced with federal funds Reed urged a senate judiciary ubcommittec to make a complete nvestigation of what he termed scandals and racketeering ole nents in unions on various de ense projects under Ihe army en ineer corps Hinese Claim Japs Jsed Poison Gas in Attack on Toungoo CHUNGKING China hinese high command communi ue charged Monday that Japa ese forces attempting to capture oungoo Burma had used poison as in their attacks The Chinese had expected the se of gas and were not taken by irprisc the communique added he Chinese reported earlier that ley had captured a number of as masks after dislodging a Japa ese force from one position Japanese use of gas during ghting in China has been harged at least by Chinese UPHOLD LIMITS ON PICKETING Supreme Court Rules Pickets Must Stay in Area of Dispute Itself WASHINGTON su preme court divided 5 to 4 Mon day to uphold a Texas state which restricted picketing to the area of the industry within which a labor dispute arises In another labor dc rcision the court ruled 8 to in favor of a labor board contention that the national labor relations act pro hibits a company and a union from entering into a closed shop con tract if Hie union had been as sisUd by any unfair labor prac tices by the company Justice Heed delivered this de cision applying to a closed shop agreement between the Electric Vacuum Cleaner company Inc of Cleveland Ohio and five American Federation of Labor af filiates In the Texas case Justice frankfurter spoke for the ma lority m ruling that hvo labor un ons had no right to picket a Hous ton cafe in order to present to the public contentions that the own contract for con mile distant to a had granted struction a person asserted to be unfair to he unions Frankfurter said the picketing constituted a violation of the Texas antitrust law BILL FORT LEAVENWORTH Kans bill outside the nfirmary read an ad in this re eption centers weekly newspa er Owner will please form a ouble line in front of the win ow Saturday at 8 a m NAZIS FAIL TO GAIN INITIATIVE Reds Report Battle on Kalinin Sector Took 2450 German Lives red armv has turned strong German at tempts to regain the initiative on the Kalinin front northwest of Moscow into a nazi rout in a five day battle which cost the invad ers al least 2450 dead and many wounded it was reported Monday Red Star Russian army news paper proudly claimed that the initiative remains in our hands Al one point of the Kalinin front which lias seen some of the bloodiest fightingof the win ter it Has reported the 427th German regiment was routed two battalions were annihilated and the Germans lost more than 1000 soldiers and officers killed The Russians officially reported hat one unit in the Kalinin front oattlc repulsed theattack upon its line annihilated about 500 enemy officers and men put sis enemy tanks out of action smashed seven earthworks booty and captured much The midday communique said several inhabited localities on the central front were liberated and enemy officers and men were killed One unit fighting for the village destroyed five suns 15 ma chincgun ncsls and 10 morlars and Billed more than 2f0 men and of iccrs the communique said The German air force raided Moscow Sunday for the second time this jcar One or two Planes penetrated he citys roarinsr defenses and liif a num ber of houses with bombs caus ing some casualties it was an nounced Three German planes were reported destroyed before the city Moscow last was raided March i Prior to that the citys alarms lad not sounded since Dec 23 The Germans arc stubbornly olding strong points at Staraya Russa where their 16th army is encircled and at Rzhev but the lusians have driven a wedge deep nip the territory between those ities However the entire front as remained substantially un hanged for weeks cavy fighting despite the eahy Received by etain at Conference LONDON Admiral Wil am D Leahy United States am assador to Vichy was received londay by French Chief of State etain at a meeting attended also y Vice Premier Darlan Reuters sported quoting Vichy advices first unit in Cerro Gordo coun ty to report its quota raised in the U S savings bond cam paign Chairman W J Hart felder reported pledges totaling 513a3050 against a quota 513000 He was assisted by three other workers in the housetohouse canvass They G ERaecker and F L Brown Mcserveys report indicates that the smaller towns in the county are doing a fine job as usual commented E H Wag ner Ccrro Gordo savings bond campaign chairman He warned that it would be some time before the enormous task of tabulating Mason City returns could be completed and called for citizens to have pa tience in awaiting a report on local progress You can help us by asking those who have been missed or who may have made incomplete f Bond Quota reports to go to the Northwest Savings bank building Wednes day Thursday or Friday to complete their pledges he sug gested Pledges also may be signed at the bank or postoffice where bonds already have been bought Bonds purchased since JanI should be reported on the pledges ALLIES ATTAIN SUPERIORITY IN NEW GUINEA AIR Drakeford Announces United Nations Control Air Over New Britain By VERN IIAUGLAND MELBOURNE Australia American and Australian forces have gained at least temporary air superiority over New Guinea and New Britain and have crippled onetenth of the entire Japanese cruiser strength Air Minister A S Drakeford announced Monday as the invaders were reported to have made a 27mile retreat in New Guinea as the result of floods Japanese warplancs continued to strike at the outer bastions of Australias defenses how ever Darwin had its eighth raid of the war Monday afternoon No details of the attack were known immediately A bomber and a navy lighter also struck at Port Moresby on the south coast of New Guinea but were reported driven off be fore causing damage in the towns 22nd attack Japans recession from the high point on her invasion of Australias outer islands w a s marked by Air Minister A S Drakeford who declared that in addition to her cruiser losses she had suffered destruction of 48 bombers and fighters in re cent weeks Military quarters in London said official allied reports list 1 025 Japanese planes destroyed since Pearl Harbor This would be from a fourth to a sixth of the Japanese These successes achieved with comparatively small forces are no longer to be regarded as merely of tactical significance he de clared They have made a marked strategical difference to the war Claiming air superiority over New Guinea he said the equiva lent of lun Japanese air squad rons was destroyed in allied air attacks on March 21 ranging from Timor to Rabaul in New Britain V No single operation during the Malayan campaign had so destruc tive an effect upon Japanese power as the Lae assault and it is doubtful if even the attacks launched from Pilcmbang in Dutch Sumatra were so devastat ing to Japanese shipping he de clared Seven Japanese transports were sunk burned or beached at Lae three destroyers damaged and numerous smaller craft destroyed aside from the total 23 ships added Dispatches from Port Moresby the New Guinea anchor end of the great Barrier reef defenses of northeastern Australia told of the Japanese withdrawal in the Mark ham valley A downpour inundated Ihe fmtlands alonsr the Markham river and its triliuaries where the Japanese were attempting In establish many subsidiary air fields acd forced the Japanese to withdraw from most of the valley these dispatches said As a result Japans New Guinea forces now were centered at Lae Salamaua and Finschhavcn on the coast where they landed March 8 and succeeding days Their greatest penetration ot the valley had been to Nadzab 27 miles inland Moreover the dispatches said the wet season in New Guinea is just beginning As a result Japans painful occupation of the valley has been made a fruitless accomplishment DraKeford said the American and RAAF attacks on Lae March 10 and since have probably crippled more than 10 per cent of the tola cruiser strength with which the Japanese entered the This meant that four or five cruisers had been destroyed or put out of action since Japan is esti mated to have had 40 or 50 cruis ers to begin with In addition she has lost numerous cruisers in the Netherlands East Indies off Wake Island and in other war theaters Tn addition to the 48 Japan ese bombers and fighters de stroyed or probably destroyed over Australia and surroundinR islands in recent weeks Drake ford said at least 15 others had been damaged 3t X AC Previous estimates have placed s losses around the Austral ian islands at upwards of 50 ships including transport and cargo ves sels and thousands of men Urakeiords announcement and the NCW Guinea withdrawal em phasized the weakening ot Japans aerial blows in recent days and
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