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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 23, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP OEPARTUENf OF HISTORY ANO ARCHIVES OES MOINES VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY THE NIWSPAMR THAT MAKK AtL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH 23 1942 II11 Hi MacArthurs in Melbourne Deafening Cheers of Admiring Throngs Welcome American Hero Welcomed by deafening cheers of an admiring crowd Gen Dousrhs Mac Arthur I Caravan of Aliens Starts on Way to Manzanar Camp Japs Pile Into Cars at Pasadena Bowl as Evacuation Begins LOs ANGELES great caravan of cars and trucks re sembling the Oakies migration fleets nearly a decade ago lefl Pasadena Monday in the first large scale evacuation of Japanese from the Pacific coast More than 600 Japanese aliens and their Americanborn chil dren piled into 350 motor ve hicles many of them ram shackle and headed out of the strategic military and industrial areas toward the armys new re ception center east of the Sierra Nevadas The Japanese assembled before dawn in Pasadenas Rose Bowl scene of the annual New Years day football classic in prewar years In scenes reminiscent of the flight of Oklahoma and Texas dust bowl refugees to California the Japanese piled their household belongings on their automobiles and trucks many of them ready for the junkyard Each evacuee wore an identify ing card on his lapel and carried a bag stuffed with personal ef fects Many of the American born youths wore sweaters indicating recent participation in high school and college sports Dozens of travelers dashed up to the assembly point in taxi cabs at the last moment There were brief family reunions with wives and children who had come to see their menfolk off for the camp at IManzanar in the Owens valley 230 miles north of Los Angeles Then Major C V Caldwell pro vost general for the sector gave the order to start There were grinds of self starters a few or ders from officers and the long parade began at a m PWT The government hopes to make the Manzanar camp virtually self sustaining by next spring by hav Jng the hundreds of expert Jap anese farmers begin work at once on the 6000 acres of fertile valley Jand with machinery and seed supplied by the government ORDERED TO LEAVE ISLAND NEAR NAVY YARD SAN FBANCISCO All Japanese must leave strategic Bambridge island in Puget Sound opposite the Bremerton Wash navy yard the army has decreec in the first compulsory evacuation order on the west coast under its new presidential authority v The order setting March 30 as the deadline came from Lieut Gen J L Dewitt chief of the western defense command SEAlATTlT IS UNDER WAY Italians Ciaim Attack on British Convoy off North African Coast ROME From Italian Broad heavy naval en gagement was reported raging Monday off the North African coast with Italian warships ham mering at a big British convoy which the high command said has been crippled by axis torpedo carrying planes in a running fight Italian naval formations closed with the convoy and its protecting warships as the British vessels were attempting to seek cover Monday morning in She Gulf of Sirte west oC Bengasi the high command said They inflicted further heavy damages details of which will be communicated later said a bul etin indicating that the engage ment still was under way How Can I Get My Husband Drafted Before lis Number Comes Up MINNEAPOLIS How ran I get my husband drafted be ore his number comes up quer ed a womans voice of the police witchboard operator Whats that asked Officer Edward Long My husbands draft number sn t coming up soon enough for me the woman explained Is there any way to get him drafted right away Hes just no good Long referred her to the draft board UNITED NATIONS MAP OFFENSIVE Aussie War Minister Confident MacArthur Is Master of Strategy by BKYDON C TAVJES GENERAL Mac ARTHURS HEADQUARTERS AUSTRALIA le aggressive plans of the united nations in the south west Pacific were discussed thor oughly Monday by Australian leaders and Gen Douglas Mac Arthur The subjects discussed in cluded the extent oC United States ara the policy to be adopted by tne united nations and the Aus tralian war preparations War Minister F M Fordo said after conference in which Maj Gen A H Sturdec chief of the AUS irahan general staff participated I am satisfied that General MacArthur is a master of strategy and that under his direction an aggressive policy of attack will be developed to the highest possible degree The conferences being con ducted by MacArthur are designed to iron out problems of unified command uniting the full efforts of American Australian Dutch and other allied forces on this continent Many technical problems have arisen but there has been a gen eral willingness to unite the al lied strength under MacArthurs supreme command Some prob lems were straightened out even before the supreme commander arrived here anc there has been no indication of important diffi culties Responding to congratulatory messages from Generalissimo Chi ang KaiShek of China and Gen Sir Archibald Wavell British gen eralissimo in Indian and Burma Gen MacArthur pledged his allied forces anew to do their best and reaffirmed his absolute confi dence in complete allied victory Dies After Fireplace Sets Fire to Dress BELLE PLAINS Ella Garbe 82 died at a hospital here Sunday of burns suffered when her dress caught fire as she stood near a fireplace in her home THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 139 SMASH 47 JAP PLANES JAPS ATTEMPT TO START DRIVE NEAR TOUNGOO Reported Using Chute Troops Artillery and Bombers in Attacks By ROBERT P MARTIN CHUNGKING UR heavy battle was reported in progress Monday night 35 miles south of Toungoo where Chinese forces were massed against a new Japa nese attack along the Pyu river in Burma The fighting was renewed Mon day following initial Chinese suc cesses last Friday when the Japa nese sultcred around 200 casual ties according to Monday nights communique The enemy apparently was using parachute troops artillery and strong squadrons of bomb ers in attempting o launch a new offensive along the road to Toungoo in central Burma and HID Pjome oil fields A Burma radio broadcast quot ing Mondays communique said a series of heavy Japanese bomber attacks had been made on central Burma air fields on Saturday and Sunday causing 21 casualties Ap parently it was an attempt to knock out the British and Ameri can volunteer air squadrons The broadcast also said that Japanese parchntists were active in the area west Toungoo A NewDelhi communique told of oneJapanese parachutist seen landing Fyinmana where Chinese soldiers were searching for him X if Allied sources here emphasized the need for fighter and bomber reinforcements in Burma as a re sult of the shifting of enemy air squadrons from the Dutch East Indies to the Burma front where groups ot as many as 80 and DO planes took part in weekend at tacks The Burma communique said Chinese forces had been shelled by Japanese artillery and that the Chinese had replied with medium artillery fire causing a number ot casualties in the sector near Toungoo A British motorized patrol was reported active on the Irrawaddy sector Dies After Undertaker Is Given Funeral Plans SPRINGFIELD Mo Mollie Reddick 72 spent several weeks arranging for her funeral She went to a mortuary to select the casket and asked the undertaker to come to her home i to discuss final details She died as he departed Agree on Highway Pierreponi IWoffat left and Prime Minister Mackenzie King The note containing the terms of the agreement be tween the United States and Canada on conshucHo o a AT0 to Canadian Prime Minister TIacckeilzie at Ottawa by Piempont st minister to Canada Under the terms the United States will construct the defense road from Fort St John British Columbia to the northern territory Nelson Says Double Pay for Sunday Must Be Suspended HO ISStrs Buy your defense savings stamps from your Globe Gazette carrier boy or at the GG business office Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Warmer in east portion Monday alternoon and Monday night becoming colder with light rain or snow in extreme northwest portion late Monday night MASON CITY Warmer Monday afternoon and Monday night All lemperatures above freez ing MINNESOTA Cold wave Tues day Becoming colder north and west late Monday night accom panied by light snow and fresh to occasionally strong winds and preceded by mild tempera ture Monday afternoon and early Monday night Advise stockmen IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 52 Minimum Sunday night 29 At 8 a m Monday 37 YEAR AGO Maximum 39 Minimum 29 Precipitation Trace The figures for Sunday GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Saturday 38 Minimum Saturday 29 At 5 p m Sunday 52 YEAR AGO Maximum jg Minimum 25 i Mam Consideration Is War Production WASHINGTON f Donald M Nelson told CIO leaders Mon day that labor must suspend for Ihc duration ot the war the privilege ot receiving double pay for Sunday and holiday work We are moving as fast as we can toward sevenday threeshift operation of our basic war indus tries the war production direc tor said The principle that a man should regularily have the seventh day off arid should re ceive overtime pay if aii emergen cy forces him to work on that seventh day is perfectly sound but where that seventh day does not fall on a Sunday or holiday I do not think that work on Sun days and holidays in war time deserves extra pay The leaders of CIO unions throughout the country were called together by President Phillip Murray to organize a campaign against adaption by congress of pending legislation suspending the 40hour work week and eliminating overtime payments for the duration As Nelson talked to the union ists the senate appeared near a showdown ona stronglysupport ed movement to force some of the pending legislation out ol com mittee to the floor for debate It was reported that administration leaders guided by indications that President Roosevelt was not pre pared to recommend enactment of restrictive measures were battling an incipient rebellion in their own ranks Senator Bilbo D Miss of fered legislation to require regis tration of all persons 18 years of age or older for war work to permit the president to order them to work and fix their rate o pay He told the senate it would put practically all of the labor racketeers in the front lines and sound the death knell for a luxurysoftened era of playboys and glamour girls He said that production lost for various and inexcusable reasons in the aviation indus try had cost the country 3000 Planes in the last three and a half months warned against any illadvised crackdown on labor and contended there were 5000000 unemployed per sons who could be put in war industries if their skills were known Nelson said that as long as he had anything to do with the war production job he would not use the war situation to whittle down labors rights and privileges Only one thing interests production he said I will not be a part of any attempt to use our need lor increased production as a cloak to put something over on labor He added that none of labors essential rights would be taken away unless he needs of the country for victory demand He asserted that if management and labor were unable to sink their difficulties forget their suspicions and work together to make the industrial mechanism produce as it should then public indignation will sweep both man agement and labor aside and in sist that rigid governmental con trols be set which wo might find it difficult to re move after the war TEMPO STEPPED UP ON RED FRONT 12000 Nazis Reported Killed Around Kalinin Between March 1121 MOSCOW slaughter of 12000 German officers and soldiers on the Kalinin sector alone was reported Monday by the Russians as the war on the entire front rushed into a faster tempo and both the Russians and Ger mans sought advantage for cru cial spring engagements A special soviet announcement said the 2000 Germans were killed between March II and 21 and detailed the capture or de struction of a vast quantity of planes guns and other war ma the area northwest of terial in Moscow The German Port Moresby WM Zeal Courage FIGHTS STAGED FOR AUSTRALIA Ingn command dropping the term defensive from its Sunday report on the Russian war with the coming of spring claimed that offensive op erations were successful on a number of sectors The German press reported that Field Marsha Gen Karl Rudolf Gerd von Htmstedt one of the officers reported dismissed during the German selbacks in the winter is once more at a re sponsible post on the eastern front after a short vacation for restoration of his heaith The newspapers failed to locale his new post Russian reports indicated there had been no substantial change in several days on the front with the principal actions taking place south of Leningrad in the Staraya Russa and Kalinin sectors alon the cenlral front where the Rus sians are driving against Smol ensk on the southwestern front in the Bryansk area and on the Cri mean peninsula BORIS GOES TO BERLIN BERN Switzerland Boris of Bulgaria was reliably re ported cnroute to Berlin Monday to discuss Bulgarias job with the axis armies on the middle east ern front this spring and his coun trys ambitions to become the guardian power of the Balkans WASHINGTON war department announced Mondaj AmericanFilipino troops in the Philippines had assured Gen Douglas MacArthur in a message that they would continue theii defense of the islands with the same zeal and courage that they showed under MacArthurs per sonal command A communique said that the message dispatched to UlacAr thur in Australia expressed confidence that under his lead ership of the united nations forces in the Pacific the aggres sor would be defeated The communique reported lhat American army bombers which took part in raids Saturday anc Sunday from Australia destroyec at least nine enemy planes on the ground and hit and probably shot down two other planes The at tacks had been reported previous On Saturday two heavy bomb ers attacked the enemyheld air drome at Babaul on he island of New Britain and caused consider able damage Two planes of an enemy group which atlcmptcd lo intercept the raiders were hit and probably shol down In a raid Sunday on the airfield at Lae New Guinea at least nine enemy planes were destroyed on the ground by the American bombers the war department said The text of the war departments communique number 157 based 01 reports received here up to 93 eastern war time Monday 1TJiePhilippine The American and Philippine troops fighting under the com mand of Lieut Gen Jonathan M Wainwright have sent a message lo General Douglas MacArthiu congratulating him on his snfe ar rival in Australia and on the as sumption of supreme command in the south Pacific They sent their commander their affectionate greetings and pledged their loy alty and devotion They declared they would continue the defense of the Philippines with the same zeal and courage manifested un der General MacArthurs direc tion They expressed their con fidence that under his leadership troops of the united nations in Australia and the Philippines would triumph over the aggressor 2 Australia Confirmation of American par ticipation in air raids on Rabaul New Britain and Lae New Guinea on March 21 and 22 has been re ceived by the war department These raids were previously re ported in press dispatches from Australia On March 21 two American army heavy bombers of Ihe flying fortress type attacked the Rabaul airdrome effecting considerable damage Japanese fighter planes at tempted to intercept our bombers and two enemy planes were hit and probably shot down On March 22 our heavy bombers at tacked the air field at Lae At nine enemy planes on Ihe ground were destroyed 3 There is nothing to report rom other areas The embattled troops on Hainan dug in deeper to meet the con sequences of their refusal to con sider a Japanese demand for im mediate and unconditional surren der Lieut Gen Jonathan M Wainwright the lean hardbit ten successor to General Mac Arthur on Luzon island refused to dignify the enemy surrender ultimatum with a reply hut there were signs lhat the de mand might precede Ihe long expected Japanese offensive to end major resistance in the Philippines LIEUT GEN WAIXAVRIGHT Jap Ultimatum 19 Jap Bombers Drop Loads on Moresby Then MachineGun Streets MELBOURNE half hundred Japanese planes strick n from the skies or wrecked ground by bombing and strafing marked up late Monday as no score of the last four days of allied aerial counteroffensive and antiaircraft defense on the inva iion approaches to Australia The few planes of this total not tailed by the Australian and American airmen of Die Mac Arthur command were credited to effective antiaircraft tire in pro tection ot vital allied bases The conservative official re ports on actions of Friday Sat urday and Sunday provided a total of 44 planes destroyed or damaged Mondays communique added at least three to the list Two Japanese planes caught in the tempest of antiaircraft fire at Port Moresby Monday ap peared to have crashed outside that New Guinea city where dam age from the raid was officially declared slight and no casualties were reported in what was des cribed as the heaviest attack of the war there It was obvious from the wide spread plane activity of both fides that the aerial battlefor the con tjnent of Australiahad reached a new peak of fury The smashing of 47 enemy manes in three days of aerial onslaught while nle Japanese flyers were held off except for nnnor thrusts won Prime Min ister John CurtinVs praise Mon day as one of the most suc ressful operations of the air war m Ihe Pacific Nineteen Japanese with an escort of three fighter planes first bombed Port Moresby from i high altitude then swooped in and machine gunned its streets ma roof scraping second wave The Japanese were said also lo have attacked Wyndhnm on Aus tralia s northwest mainland coast An Australian communique aid Wyndhain was raided for ID minutes by a medium force Japanese bombers and the re sults were not yet fully known It was Wyndhams second raid of the war United nations h o m b c r squadrons attacking almost without letup were reported lo have bombed Dili Japanese held capilal of Portuguese Ti mor Monday in a foltowup of a weekend assault there The repoit said that results ivcre not observed but lhat in a scouting mission presumably to up on the bombers success he reargunner of a royal Aus trahan air force plane shot down an enemy interceptor which crashed flaming in the bush Even as General Douglas Mac Arthur the supreme commander n the dominion began mapping lans to meet any Japanese al empt to set fool on this con mental island informed Austral ans speculaled lhat the rising might of Ihe air blows on Japans ire of invasion bases already had oflcned her punch especially in he air nincArthur saw Auslralian rny Minister Francis M Forde vho discussed the scope of the United States aid Forde said the general was a master of strategy vho would develop an aggressive attacking policy to the highest degree Attack also was the theme of a comment by Hubcrtus J Van lUook lieutenant governorgen era of the Netherlands East In dies thai Australia has shown she realizes thai fronts and not boundaries arc her defense The Dutch he said learned that by billcr experience Lae one of the enemys chief bases on New Guinea felt the greatest weight of steel and ex plosives from United States and Australian bombers Sunday when i communique said probably 23 apanese planes were wrecked One of these was knocked down n an ineffective Japanese o the north Australian ort of Darwin but all the others vcrc the fruit of aerial invasions nto enemy territory Curtin communique listed the iunday total as four Japanese
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