Get 1 more page view just for clicking
to like us on Facebook
Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 21, 1942, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT QF STORY AND ARCHIVES MOINES 1A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH JOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUli LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MARCH 21 1942 THIS PAPEU CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 138 MARTHUR CHEERED IN MELBOURNE A 1 1 Allied Flyers Sink Jap Cruiser Japs on Mindanao Raided I i i M PEORIA LINE IS SEIZED BY U S AT FRS ORDER Railroad Involved in Labor Disputes Taken Over for War Effort WASHINGTON Hoosevelt Saturday ordered seiz ure of the Toledo Peoria and Western railroad and its operation by the government in the inter ests of the successful prosecution of the war The president acted after a long series of unsuccessful government efforts to get George P McNear Jr president of the 239mile road to arbitrate a strike of 104 workers Mr Roosevelt issued an exe cutive order authorizing Joseph B Eastman director of the of fice of defense transportation to take immediate possession of lie property and to operate or arrange for the operation of such railroad in such a manner as he deems necessary for the successful prosecution of the war Prior to the issuance of his or der the chief executive con ferred with Chairman William H Davis of the war labor board the fourth government agency which had attempted to persuade Mci Near to arbitrate the nearly three monthsold dispute At one point in the exchanges that triego vernme nt either protect ffiiTirhe and its em ployes from violence or operate the road itself The presidents action was tnlc en under his constitutional au thority arid his powers as com manderinchief of the army and navy The latest reply from fllcNear to the presidents demand for arbitration came in the form of a 17page telegram which the white house said was sent col lect It was added however that Davis pressing McNear at the presidents behest for a quick an swer had asked the railroad president to telegraph a copy his airmail letter addressed to the white house Thursday Stephen Early the white house press secretary said McNear was making public his reply after re ceiving telephone information from the white house that it would be proper for him to release it The presidents order declared that representatives of labor and industry had agreed that there shall be no strikes or lockouts during the war and that all labor disputes shal be settled by peace ful means It added thjit the com pany had refused and continues to refuse to submit a dispute with its employes to arbitration Tlie order directed Eastman to manage the road under such terms and conditions of employ ment as he deems advisable and proper pending such termination of the existing labor dispute as may be approved by the nation al war labor board Consumers Will Register May 4 to 7 for Sugar CHICAGO National sugar rationing registration dates were fixed Saturday by the office of the price administration for April 28 and 29 and May 4 5 e and 7 The announcement was made here at a meeting of the 48 state rationing administrators and re gional supervisors by Frank Bane field chief for OPA Director Leon Henderson Industrial consumers such as confectioners and candy makers will register for their rations on the two April dates using their nearest high school Individual consumers will reg ister May 47 at the public schools Bane emphasized that it had not been finally determined whether the weekly individual ration would be a half pound or threequarters of a pound However the stamp books which will be issued at the time of registration will contain 28 one poundstamps Bane said suffi cient to last more than a year if the onehalf pound ration was de cided upon In the case of individual con sumers the housewife or head of the household may register for the entire family reporting at the same time how much sugar the family has on hand Stamps will be taken from the book at the time of registration to cover such supplies It was pointed out however iat Henderson had advised any hoarders to sell back to their re tailers any unusual stocks of sugar at the current price the holder of such supplies desired to avoid making a report on them Leigh Plummer of OPAs divi sion of information when asked about use of stamp books issued for persons who do not use sugar replied It is the theory of Ibis thine that the stamp book will be good only for Ihe person lo whom it is issued He said OPA was studying the problem of home canning par ticularly in rural areas with tlie view to providing additional sup plies of sugar for such canning Allotments to industrial users are to be determined on a per centage basis of normal sugar use over some past period The exact formula has not yet been set up These consumers will receive their supplies through a certificate sys tem rather than through use of one pound stamps Hours of registration for both industrial and individual con sumers will be determined locally in consultation with school offi Peaks Tower Oxer Evacuation Center GEORGE P McNEAR of Railrnad THREATS MADE BY SAVAGES Report New Guinea Natives on Verge of Resuming Cannibalism BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Fierce headhunting savages were reported on the verge of re turning to cannibalism and inter tribal warfare in New Guinea Saturday complicating the de fense of that Japaneseinvaded is land while a Vichy radio broad cast asserted that seaborne Japa nese forces were approaching Australia near the important har bor of Perth The Vichy station which has been reporting Japanese fleets off Australia for several days made this announcement A Japanese squadron is ap proaching Cape Lcewin the south west corner of the Australian continent There was no confirmation else where official or unofficial that a direct attack on the down under commonwealth was so im minent Refugees arriving at Port Moresby New Guinea from i bombed north coastal villages re ported violent outbursts among the islands natives with wild bushmen from the hills joining in looting plantations Refugees predicted that ehe na tives would revert to headhunting and cannibalism against the re maining whites So far as could be learned the native outbreaks were not di rected against either the Austral ians or the Japanese but merely were a result of the Japanese in vasion U S FILIPINO TROOPS JOIN IN SUDDENATTACK Heavy Casualties Are Reported Inflicted on Nippon Concentrations WASHINGTON sudden urprise raid by American and Tilipino troops now fighting under Lieut Gen Jonathan M Inflicted heavy casualties on Japanese conccntra ions near Zamboanga principal ity on the Philippine island of Mindanao A war department communique ilso told of extremely heavy shelling of American harbor de lenses of Manila bay by Japanese The snowcapped peaks of the Sierra Nevada tower in the west as workmen rushed construction on the huge reception center in the Owens valley near Manzanar CaL lo re ceive the first of 10000 evacuated Japanese from southern California Lieut Gen John L Dewitt of the defense command commandeered G020 acres for tlie boom town FIRST DAY OF SPRING IN IOWA Temperatures Relatively Mild North Iowa to Be Slightly Colder DES MOINES just iiad weather Saturday nothing spectacular about it to mark the first day of spring It seemed ralher springI i k e ivith relatively mild tempera tures but it wasnt Allies Get Inspiration From U S Policy of Initiative Will Take Time for Offensive By DcWITT MACKENZIE Wde World War Analyst General MacAvthurs announcement that President Roosc velt lias ordered him to prepare an offensive against Japan if calculated to emphasize thai Washington is determined to implemcn its policy of initiative which is giving the allies hearty inspiration at this critical juncture ot war Just to make sure FAIR m u c h different than Friday or the day before The weather man said it will be slightly warmer in the extreme west Saturday aft ernoon slight ly colder in the northeast and extreme east Saturday night Temperatures are expected to drop to 20 in the northwest 25 in the northeast 32 in the southeast and 28 in the southwest by morn ing At midmorning the mercury registered SO at DCS Moincs Last nights Iowa low was 28 at Forl Dodge and Sioux City following n state high of 60 Friday at Bui lington Precipitation reports for the last 24 hours included Cedar Rapids 21 Charles City 34 Fort Dodge 30 Iowa City 13 Forest City 52 Oecorah 28 3IOWANS DIE AT GRADE CROSSING Newton Farmer and Twin Sons Killed in TrainAuto Crash NEWTON Ixrthc 44 farmer near Newton and his twin 16 year old sons Darrcll and Duane were killed in a traincar crash Saturday morning at a grade crossing here Robert Schnathorst 20 farm youth was seriously injured The car in which they were riding was hurled 1GO feet Police Chief L A McCall said The accident occurred at oclock and McCall said the bright sun apparently blinded the driver of the car The train involved was a Rock Island railroad passenger DIES FROM INJURIES DES MOINES Carl son 80 of Marquisville injured Monday when struck by an auto mobile on highway 69 died Sat urday at a hospital here Buy your defense savings stamps from your Glohe Gazette carrier hny or at the GG business office misunderstanding we mediate echo from theres no get an im Ameriean Lieutenant General Stilwell com mander of United States forces in China Burma and India Says the eneral The United States means business and ive wont be satisfied until we see Ameri can and Chi nese troops in T o k i o togeth er On the whole the position in the southwest Pacific looks o n s i d e r a b 1 y more healthy Its MACKENZIE been tough to lose so much terri tory but experience has shown that in view of the allies uti preparcdness they arc better off now than they were in trying to hole such widespread positions with so few forces With the ap pointment of MacArthur as com mander in chief and ihe estab lishment of a great base in Aus tralia we should be able to con centrate our effort favorably This doesnt mean that America is throwing everything into the orient or lessening its aid to the allies in other theaters It merely means that we are getting busy th a job which falls within our province and which has a special interest for Americans inasmuch as the Philippines are involved and the Hawaiian islands and our western coastline arc in the dan ger zone We wili do well to remember that Admiral Yamamolo com mander in chief of the Japanese navy declared last year tiiat in event of war he wouldnt be content until he dictated peace in Washington So its good lo hear talk of of fensives However we shall make a great mistake if we jump to the conclusion that any major offen sive is likely to be started in the immediate future General Stil well performs a service when he warns against impatience while the allies arc mustering their forces As he says there is much work to be done before an offensive and there are mistakes to be re paired Australia must be devel oped as a base and this means transportation of troops and equip ment from the United States over Jap haunted sealanes 0 or 12 thousand miles long Thats a 40 day journey for a we arc mighty short of shippinfc right now must develop olhcr bases for our warplanes which arc arriving in Ihe oricnl in increas ing doing grand work loo in Australia Burma and China And of course our sea power must be reinforced Speculation naturally turns I what strategy MacArthur may employ I should say that specifi plans probably would depend on circumstances of the time anc thus would be more in the line o tactics tff the battle than of pre offensive strategy However it i very apparent that much mus depend on air bomb ing for defense and trans portation of troops Then too one of Japans Treat weaknesses lies in her many and extended lines of seacommumcati between Japan proper ami her ncuac quisitions The allies will devote increasing allcntion to these lines willi both bombers and naval dcvaslatins form of attack which in itself would in lime break Nippon if carried out with heavy force However the way things looV now I should say the broad strat egy of defeating Nippon and oust ing her from her illgotten gain would place much reliance on ap plication of heat directly to Japan itself The Japanese cities with their flimsily constructed build ings are terribly vulnerable to bombing and fire Perhaps the easiest way to make the Japs re lease their grip on the Philippines and their other conquests would be to start wiping out great cen ters like Tokio and Osaka The are numerous bases from which the allies will be able to reach Japan with bombers in due course We could send bombers fighters and troop transports by way of Alaska and the Aleutian islands for example One would think that Russia might extend the courtesy of permitting war planes lo land on soviet territory in transit to China There already arc American manned Yankee warplanes operating in China and that country will provide a for midable base for aerial operations against the mikados domains irtiilery located on shore of Manila bay the south Very little damage of mili lary consequence was inflicted on our installations the com munique added regarding the shelling Our guns effectively returned the fire Lieut Gen George H Brett U S air corps has been formally ap pointed head of the air forces of Australia and the United States operating in Australia The com munique said the appointment was made by Australian Prime Minis ter John IT Curtin with the con currence of our government Dispatches from Australia had indicated that Brett would be given command operating in that area under Gen Douglas MacArthur Brett has been in the continent for several days supervising aerial operations and development of ground in stallations The communique said the Min danao raid was accomplished with nly negligible losses to Wain wrishts forces Revelation of this action was tlic first report of activity on Mindanao since March 9 when the department reported brisk skirmishes in the vicinity of Digos tin Davao gulf Earlier communiques had recited sev eral Japanese attempts appar ently vain to clear American anil Filipino units from that is land The size of the American force on Mindanao is not known H has engaged in intermittent actions with the enemy around Zamboan ga and other points on this island The last reported ground action at Zamboanga was on March 7 Saturdays communique was the first report of fighting in the Philippine area since Tuesday when the enemy launched a sud den raid on Ihe Hainan lines a raid which was easily repulsed Badly Damage Another Jap Ship in Raid CANBERRA Australia The arcial defenders of Austral as northeastern sea approaches vithin the past 24 hours have eft one heavy Japanese cruiser sinking in the harbor at Rabaul New Britain and one other heav ly damaged two communiques disclosed Saturday The latest report on Fridays smash at Japans left winff of conquest adding one cruiser lo the score of those damaged also lold ot continual enemy recon naissance over areas of N e w Guinea and Papua Early Saturday morning a Jap anese heavy bomber was driven off from Port Moresby New Gui neas port capital by antiaircraft fire The Japanese hat struck at two places on the west coast of Australia itself had not previ ously been at tacked by two Japanese planes which thrice swept low over the own with machineguns crack ling a communique said No damage or casualties were reported there but at Broome a force of heavy bombers protected by fighters dropped 50 bombs on the civilian airport killing one civilian and damaging several commercial aircraft A lone Japarese plane also at tacked a small ship off Darwin firing 500 rounds without doing any damage the announcement declared The sinking of the Japanese cruiserat Rabaulbrought to 27 the number of Japanese warships and merchant vessels officially re ported sunk or damaged in waters north of Australia in less thaj two weeks Another Japanese cruiser was reported badly damaged along with two merchant ships in an air attack on Rabaul last Wednesday Prime Minister John Curlin who reported Hie new assaull said Auslralian aircraft also had carried out a raid Friday on Saumliki on the Dutch island of Vamdcna 300 miles norlh of Australia Enemy installations were bombed but flic results were not The Tuesday was an effort raid apparently lo feel out he strength of the AmericanFilipino lines under the leadership of Wainwright who assumed com mand of the Philippine area when MacArlhur went to Australia to become generalissimo of allied forces there GIRL IS ELECTROCUTED MISSOURI VALLEY Marjorie Gatrost 17 was acciden tally electrocuted Friday night at a home where she was employed here Harrison County Coroner II M Hennessey reported Hennessy said the girl apparently touched the heating unit of an electric heater which she picked up from the floor while she was in the bathtub Dogdoms Glamour Girl Is at S P C A Office PHILADELPHA Dog doms No 1 glamor girl a canine cutie with redenameled toe rails is waiting for her owner at S P C A headquarters She has no license or collar1 an official said but shes the first dog weve ever seen with painted nails That should be identifica tion Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Slightly warmer in ex treme west portion Saturday afternoon slightly colder in northeast and cast central por tions Saturday night MINNESOTA Diminishing winds and slowly rising temperature Saturday slightly colder in northeast and extreme cast portions Saturday night MASON CITY Slightly colder Saturday night perature 24 CHIEF PLEDGES BEST WORK TO BRING VICTORY I Shall Keep Soldiers Faith Bataan Hero Declares to Crowds By VERX A HAUGHLAND MELBOURNE Australia General Douglas MacArtlnir rode triumphantly into Melbourne Sat urday and promptly promised the cheering thousands who gave him a heros welcome that he would do his best to carry the cause the united nations to ultimate success I shall keep a soldiers faith General MacArtliur declared simply in r short speech The demonstration for the hero of Bataan deeply tanned after his days in the Philippines was one of tlie greatest in the history of this commonwealth V The amazing journey of General MacArthur with his family which staulcd in extreme secrecy behind the Japanese lines on the besieged Philippines ended in the sudden flare pomp and public acclaim it Melbournes rambling brown Spencer street railway station The Australians at the station still thrilled by the generals statement Friday that a grand allied attack would supplant the present defense warfare gave a great yell when the broadshoul dered supreme commander of the united nations in the southwest pacific stepped from the Adelaide express General MacArfhur paid tribute lo lie Australian soldiers in his short talk to the welcoming throng I am glad indeed lo be in Immediate cooperation with tile Australian soldier lie said I know him well from World war days and admire him great ly Then he touched in a general manner on the coming struggle have every confidence in the ultimate success of our joint fully observed Curlin declared I cilusc bul success in modern war The planes which sank the cruiser at Rabaul all returned safely to base after dodging heavy antiaircraft fire and beating off an attack by Japanese fighters Curtin declared Claim Japs Are af Papua Gulf THE UNITED PRESS On New Guinea island indirect axis reports said Saturday that the Japanese were extending their land invasion and one German broadcast claimed they had crossed the 110 mile wide island arm lo Ihe Gulf of Papua on the sovilh coast west of Port Moresby If this axis report is con had not yet been even indicated in dispalchcs from might mean an early land and sea attack on Port Moresby uhicli Ihe Japa nese want to use for an invasion base against the north Aus tralian coast In this connection axis broad casts again were reporting Japa nese naval operations alleged di rected toward the Australian coast and toward the Solomon and Fiji island which dominate the supply line from America to Australia The Vichy radio claimed that Japanese warships were within one day1 of the west Australian coast while Rome said that Japa nese fleet operations were in prog ress 120 miles off San in the Solomons Neither of these reports was confirmed IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 41 Minimum Friday night 28 At 8 a in Saturday 29 Precip 30 inch YEAR AGO 37 Minimum 31 Destroyer Named for First Naval Officer to Step on Jap Soil NEW YORK 1630ton destroyer Buchanan named for the first American naval officer to set foot on Japanese soil was f i commissioned Saturday at the Lowest Brooklyn navy yard Capt Franklin Buchanan ac companied Commodore Matthew C Perry at the opening of the orient and he led the men ashore He also was the tirst superin tendent of the naval academy and captained the confederate iron clad Merrimac in the Civil war The Buchanan a sister ship ol Ihe Aaron Ward was launched at Kcarny N J Nov 23 1341 requires something more than courage and willingness to die the general said It requires careful preparation This demands furnishing suffi cient troops and sufficient mater ial U meet the known strength a potential enemy No general can make some thing out of nothing My success in the future will depend primar ily upon the resources which the respective governments place at my disposal My faith in them is complele tn any event 1 shall do my bcsl I shall keep a soldiers faith1 It was not known how lone General iUacArihur and his family would remain in Mel bourne bul he took quarters at a declining many offers to stay at private homes in the cily The impending arrival of the general and his family had been Ireated as a military secret until Friday night when a spokesman lor the U S army told the press that authorities had decided to lift the ban and give the public and officialdom alike an oppor tunity to greet MacAvthur The spokesman said the au thorities were yielding to the popular demand to sec and greet the man whose closely guarded arrival in Australia stirred the popular imagination and lifted morale more than any happening since the war in the Pacific be gan The New York Times reporled m a despatch from Melbourne that hc lid was lifted at the sugges tion of General MacArthur him self The crowd began assembling an hour before the arrival of Mac Arthurs express from Adelaide United States troops were drawn up as a guard of honor in an im pressive greeting to their com mander As MacArthur looked up and down the ranks one section seemed o catch his attention particularly It was a rroup of 10 Filipino soldiers in smart Iropical military police uniforms with white helmets white bells and white leggings f They were men who had been wounded under his command in the Philippines brought here by hospital ship and only recently had been able to don their uni forms to march again I MacArlhur looked at them so
Once upon a time newspapers were our main source of information. Now those old newspapers are a reliable source for hundreds of years of history and secrets of the past. Now you can search for people, places, and events without the hassle of sorting through mountains of papers!
Newspaper Archive is the world's largest online newspaper database featuring over 155+ million newspaper pages. Plus our database expands by one newspaper page per second for a total of around 2.5 million pages per month! The value of your membership grows along with it.
Those looking to find out more about their forefathers can empower their genealogy search with Newspaper Archive. Within our massive database, users can search ancestors' names for news stories and obituaries. We must understand our past to understand our future!
24 hours a day Monday-Saturday
Your full introductory membership payment will be credited toward the cost of full membership any time you choose to upgrade!
"It is amazing how easy and exciting it is to access all of this information! I found hundreds of articles about my relatives from Germany! Well worth the subscription!" - Michael S.
"I love this site. It's interesting to read articles about different family members. I've found articles as well as an obituary about an uncle who passed away before I was born, and another about a great aunt. It's great for helping with genealogy." - Patricia T.
"A great research tool. Allows me to view events and gives me incredible insight into the stories of the past." - Charles S.