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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 18, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OEPAStTUCNT Of H I STORY ANS ARCH C DCS 1A VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PHESS AND UNITED LEASED THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 18 1942 NO 135 23 Ships Battered Off New Guinea NATIONS FIRST DRAFT LOTTERY OF WAR IS HELD About 9000000 Men Classified in U S for Possible Service See Page 2 for Draft Numbers WASHINGTON na tions first draft lottery of the war a step toward classification of about 9000000 men for possible military service ended at a in eastern war time Wednesday a little more than 13 hours after it was started Only 6998 numbers two less than was planned were drawn from the historic draft goldfish bowl Selective service officials Im inediately went into a conference to determine whether additional capsules would bVdrawn to1 Irfrig the number up to 7000 w Albert Carter a sailor from Al bany Ga plucked the last num 441 First Number to Apply to Mason City Draft Boards Registration number 441 Hie fourth number drawn out of the tishbowl in Tuesday nights lot tery in Washington was the first number to apply to North Iowa draft boards In Mason CUy registration number 441 therefore became order No 1 In the Mason City draft boarS No 441 was held by Vern LeRoy Tims and in draft board number 2 by Joseph Sanford Griffin Mr Griffin 733 Carolina ave nue northeast is the father of five children the oldest of which is 19 He operates amuse ment machines Mr Tims 5X5 Fourth street southwest is the father of four children He is employed on WPA bcr from the bowl during the regular drawing Secretary of War Stimson drew the first number 3480 Tuesday night The lottery was held lo deter mine the order in which quali fied men will be called up for examination leading to mili tary service Those affected are between 20 and 44 years of age and who had not registered for the 1940 and 1841 selective ser vice drawings After government officials and congressmen drew the first num bers Tuesday night teams of sol diers sailors marines officers and clerks worked through the night geared to a rale of about 50 capsules an hour x X The ceremonies slarlcd at 6 oclock Brijr Gen Lewis B Hcrshey director of selective service an nounced ialer that a check had shown that due to a misprint there were two serial numbers 2885 drawn One should have been 2385 he said It was decided lhat the proper order number for serial number 2 885 as drawn was number 1038 But as it was ruled that all serial numbers drawn with order num bers after number 742 which got the first serial number 2885 when it was drawn would be moved up one order number this made 2885 oeeome order number 1637 This necessitated changing the order of the numbers in 6 253 places To make up for the misprint and for the two missing numbers three capsules were placed in the shaken up and drawn The first was serial number 6342 which became order number j 6938 the second was serial num Report Red Forces Take Vital Center BULLETIN MOSCOW forces smashing forward on the wide Kalinin front northwest of Mos cow were reported Wednesday to have hurled back strong German counterattacks and captured a vital resistance center controlling five highways By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Marshal Semeon Timoshenkos Ukraine armies were reported storming Wednesday into the sub urbs of Kharkov the soviet Pittsburgh and Stockholm ad vices declared that Russian troops on the central front had sur rounded 200000 Germans in a great pocket west of Moscow A Reuters British news agency dispatch from Stock holm quoted Moscow reports soviet parachute troops had been dropped in the Smolensk area 230 miles west of Moscow and destroyed naif fortifications during a snowstorm Frontline dispatches said the Russians had captured five more communities in a gigantic encir clement movement to cut off the escape corridor of German gar rison at Uzhev and Vyazma Lat est reports said the gap had been narrowed to a bure 20 miles Tass the soviet news agency the Germans led after a vain counterattack in that sector leav ing 1200 killed and wounded on the battlefield More than 750 nazis were declared to have been slain in the last few days as the Russian counteroffcnsivc surged forward alone he entire front A Morocco radio broadcast quoting Moscow reports said heavy fighting raged in the sub urbs of Kharkov one of the key bases in Adolf Hitlers winter de fense line ber 2069 which became order number 6938 and the third was the corrected 2385 which be came order number 7000 Brigadier General Hershcy opened the ceremonies with a statement that men might be selected to build ships and air planes and work on farms as well as to nght at the front After Stimson and some 30 othc officials and representatives of service organizations had drawn numbers the lottery was turned over to the soldiersailorclerk teams They were relieved at half hour intervals to maintain the aOOanhour pace A soldier sailor or marine did the actual drawing from the his toric goldfish bowl Army or navy officers announced the numbers over a speaker system and clerks made a permanent record of the slips on photographic recordin machines The auditorium was not tiuilc filled ulicn the drawing began Within an hour only 100 or so spectators remained In the hours after midnight the aud ience dwindled to less than 50 including a few souvenir hunt ers lookingfor the green cap sules in which the numbers were encased In the draft each local district issued serial numbers lo regis trants ransine from one upwards Aiany had fewer than the first serial number drawn 3485 In Illinois for example only one board issued a number that high H went to Lee R Robins 43 of DCS Plaines Boards with fewer than 3483 numbers used the first number drawn within the range of those they issued to designate the first registrant to be called Among low numbers on the west coast was Dancer Fred Astaire who is 41 and the father of three His number was the 156th In Michigan Lieut Gov Frank Murphy had the first number ap plicable in his district Gov Mur ray D Van Waggoner the l83Sth F D R Asks Congress for War Funds WASHINGTON UP p r c s i dent Roosevelt asked congress Wednesday to appropriate 579311253 more for the war de partment with 58515861251 of the total going to the army air corps The president recommended without comment that congress make these appropriations Contingencies 51578180 mis pay of the army 3327331562 travel of the army 592200000 finance service S2 165000 Quartermasters corps army subsistence regular supplies 580481000 clothing and equipage 562804277 incidental expenses 583807000 transporta tion 5817912000 welfare of en listed men 55715000 total SI 373725277 Signal Air Medical and hospital depart Corps of 633 of which is for construction of buildings utilities and appurtenances at military posts Hepair of Chemical warfare S367 366 311 Special service try Fort Benning Ga SD7389 cavalry S3200 field artillery 563786 coast artillery to tal S166000 Armed force 016 Military academy maintenance and The presidents recommenda tions would make available any war department money for putting into operation any law which may be enacted for the establish ment of a womens army auxiliary corps for service with the army The house passed such a bill Tuesday and sent it to the senate General MacArthur Takes Over TWO MERCHANT VESSELS SUNK WASHINGTON navy department announced Wednes day that two U S merchant ves sels have been torpedoed oft the Atlantic coast The brief an nouncement gave no detail of the torpedoing and described the ships merely as two additional U S merchant vessels Iowa U School Year Will Open Sept 8 vr v irgil M Hancher announced the fall term of the University of Iowa 194243 school year will open Sept 8 and will close Dec 19 Second semester is to run from Jan to April 24 and the 1942 summer semester from May 3 to Aug 7 Weather Report FORECAST IOWA AND MINNESOTA Little change in temperature Wednes day afternoon and Wednesday night NEBRASKA Slightly warmer Wednesday afternoon and Wed nesday night MASON much change in temperature Wednesday aft ernoon and Wednesday night Lowets temperature Wednesday night Mason City 28 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 35 Minimum in night si At 8 a m Wednesday 31 YEAR AGO Maximum ir Minimum Gcnolal Ar j Appointment of MacArthur Is Inspiration to United Nations By DEU1TT MACKENZIE tVidc World War Analyst Whatever way you look at it militarily or iiir appointmeut of General MacArthur to n he southwest Pacific is as nearly perfect as things come in this lifC The appearance of this worlds most famous active sold cr on the scene already has inspired Australia rd tllc Mics in genera wtl new confidences regards the operations against the cSer tary that Krcat commonwealth lacks and which are so essential al this crilical juncture in ihc bat tle of the Pacific Of these two qualifications Mac Arthurs genius of leadership prob ably means far the more Many soldiers have skill in Iheir pro fession but few possess the power to impel not only troops but whole nations to follow their lead MacArthur has the knack of stir ring the imaginations of men mightily and there is smtdi doubt that just as his appointment has given allied morale a fillip so will it have a depressing effect on the enemy You wont have for gotten that General Masahara Homma Japanese commander in the Philippines committed hari kiri because MacArthur had him buffaloed The sreat danger is lhat be cause of his fame MacArthur will be expected to perform majic and thai when lie doesnt there will be disappointment Therefore we shall do well o recognize tnal soldier Ihougb he is he is no magician and lhat ihe ask before him is tilanic It would be too much nol lo expect furlhcr allied re verses in the baltle of the Pa cific liioueh while we may look for these we do have a right to believe that our cause is in grand hands There may be some surprise that the Australians and the New Zea Jandcrs know jointly to fame ai he Anzacs themselves asked for the appointment of an American commander in chief One reason for this unusual request was lhat they had no professional soldier of their own for this task upon which the life or death of eastern nations hangs Then loo they frankly arc looking to America for defense and naturally would ex pect Uncle Sam to assume leader ship It would be difficult to pick a soldier whose experience so well filled the picture as MacArthur Not only has he had the allround training which has carriedhim from West Point to the top posi tion of chief of staff but the stra tegic possibilities of the south west Pacific must be an open book to him He served in the Philip pines three times before he went there in 1S35 as commander of the Philippine army and knows his orient well But more important It seems tt me is the fact lhat MacAr thiir as chief of staff most cer tainly limp and again must have studied this great Pacific area as a possible field of encounter with Japan Such study implies no hostile inlcnlions but is something which is carried out by the general slaffs of all the major counlrics They must be prepared for every contingency no mailer how remote So the hero of the Bataan pen insula probably has the strategic possibilities of the whole south western Pacific just as tidily ar ranged in his mind as he had those of the Bataan peninsula 5n other words his new Job was built to order for him MacArlhurs name is associated with initiative and attack and the world will look for aggressive ac tion However it must be remem bered that while initiative cer tainly is called for Australia at this juncture is on the defensive That position must continue untii such time PS the allies have built up the power of ihis great base to appoint where a real offensive can i be assumed against the Japs and Aussies Hit 12 Warships llr A DISPATCHES navy announced Wednes day that a Japanese invasion force concentrated near balamaua and Lae New Guinea had been smashed by American and Australian air forces with the sink ing or damaging of 23 Japanese vessels including12 warships The smashing aerial up to the greatest allied airsea victory of the war in the Pa cific claimed twoforone vengeartce for the Japa nese victory over the united nations fleet in the battle of the Java sea three weeks ago In the Java sea battle the allies lost12 warships includ ing the 10000rm cruiser Houston and the destroyer Pme TT rp t ii A navy communique announced the the S Japanese ships in New Guinea ports which are spring boards for a tlireatciicd enemy invasion of Australia But it also disclosed that the U S submarine Shark presumably lhc Celtic and another American sub dry dock at Soerabaja to prevent her capture The Sen Lion was damaged the Philippine naval base of Ca vitc south of Manila and was de stroyed to prevent her capture before the Japanese seized the Former base of the U S Asiatic fleet on Jan 2 The 23 Japanese ships were sunk or damaged near the New Guinea ports of Saiamawa and Lae on Australias northern flank in grim assaults of U S and Australian airmen aimed at breaking the spearheads of Japans seaborne invaders Against the heavy toll of Japa nese ships the Australian and American air forces lost only one plane The enemy toll included Six Japanese warships ami five other ships sunk or prob ably sunk Two 1 a p a n c s c destroyers possibly sunk Four Japanese warships and six other ships damaged Many small molor sunk and three enemy seaplanes were shot down The great success of the allied warplancs brought to at least 174 the number of aJpancse ships sunk or destroyed in actions in which United States forces have participated since the start of the war in the Pacific j Previous to Wednesdays an nouncement U S naval and army attacks bad beei listed unofficially as sinking 00 Japanese by naval action and 26 by the army and damaging 61 others The blasting air allarks nsainsl he Japanese invasion fleets around Salamaua and Lac appeared on Ihe basis of the navys communique to have been aout assaults They were directed against both ships and land installations includ ing airdrome runways and anti aircraft batteries The dales of the attacks were not disclosed the communique merely slating that they occurred recently Although they undoubtedly oc curred before Gen MatArthurs dramatic and worldstirring ar rival in Autsralia lo become the allied Generalissimo of the Pacific the attacks were a hearty taste of the quick and vigorous action which he is expected to launch in defense of Australia The sinking or damajrinK of the 23 Japanese ships apparent ly were in addition to other sinkings reported in the New Guinea region by Hie U S anil Australian air forces in recent days The Japanese ships were gath ered there at the extreme eastern end of Guinea with every in dication that an invasion of north soon aia bc Salamaua heavily bombed by allied forces for days lies 20 miles south of on the Huon golf just south of JhcVitiB straits conneci ng New Guinea and the Japanese held island of New Britain in the Bismarck group Naval commentators said Ihc UaniaRc to the Japanese wirsluiis Salamaua and Lae cspccilly in heavy cruisers would be sore ly fell by ulc enemy Military experts curbing any iiavafWiH optimum predicted hardhitting blows by MacAlU m fiom the lasl land base lcft jo hc allies the fn Padfi utilizi American forces which are arriving in Australia in Considerable numbers These experts warned howcvcr againsl a surge of false hopes as 10 what MatArthur tan accomplish in the immediale future They pointed to Japans superiority in the southwest Pacific and her lines ol supply which are considerably shorter than MaiArthurs 4 flRMY PLANES CRASH IN OHIO LIMA Ohio P39 army pursuit lost in a snowstorm crashed 6 miles east of Lima Wednesday killing the four pilots and scattering wreckage over 1 radius of four miles The body of one flyer believed jo be Licul A Kennedy was found with parachute attached 40 feet from his plane which crashed on the farm of Byron Hefner He tentatively from a billfold lying near his body No address was available He was burned beyond recognition The three other pilots were be lieved o have burned to deatii in tnciships when they failed to at tempt parachute leaps The were reporled en route from Wayne county airport Delioi U Bowman field Kv when they encountered a snow storm over the Lima area
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