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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 10, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME j COVP OF HISTORY AND ARCHIYCS DCS UOINCS IA VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNmrp LEASED WIRES THE NEWSPAKR THAT MAKCS ALL NORTH IOWANS NIICHIORS MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MARCH 10 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE JAPS SURGE TOWARD INDIAS RICHES I BRITISH WEIGH U S TRANSFER OF NAVY CHIEF Believe Transfer of Stark May Indicate More Strength Abroad By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS British naval circles comment ing on the assignment of Admiral Harold R Stark to London as commander of American warships in European waters speculated Tuesday that the United States might be planning to increase its naval strength across the Atlan tic These quarters declared it was obvious that an officer of Ad miral Starks high rank would not be sent to London unless some new development of naval im portance were in the offiug Other observers saw the pos sibility that powerful units of Americas rapidly expanding navy might be sent abroad to counter any shift in the Euro pean naval balance through absorption of French warships into the German fleet Such reinforcements might also be used in protecting a British counter invasion of the conti nent to establish a second front against Germany as repeatedly urged by Russia Authorized quarters in Vichy denied that 40 French warships had been turnedover to Germany as reported Monday by Tass the news agency J Tass asserted that an agreement had been reached for gradual transfer of a large part the French navv to the Germans THAWS START SLOWLY IN RUSSIA MEANS MUD On the soviet front Russias winter frozen battlegrounds were reportedly slowly thawing out withthe approach of spring but m u logged communications made it doubtful whether Adolf Hitler could launch his heralded offensive before the end of April or May A Swedish correspondent in Berlin wrote that the thaws were giving the Germans a foretaste of what it will be like when all the great snows which have massed during the severest winter In nearly 100 ycars begin to melt Strong new red army rein forcements were reported mov ing into the Staraya Russa sec tor 120 miles southwest of Len ingrad where survivors of the battered nazi 16th army were still trying to escape a soviet trap Frontline dispatches said the Kussians were driving with new fury against German siege lines around Leningrad and reported that heavy soviet attacks were battering German fortifications between Volkhov and Lake Lado ga which guard the flank of the nazi siege forces east and south of the old czarist capital On the Ukraine front the Ger mancontrolled Calais French radio said Marshal Semeon Timo shenko was throwing four to six 60000 to 90 000 nazihefd Taganrog on the sea of Azov and against the big industrial city of Stahno i Corresponded 5 Years of a correspondence Shirley Staffey of Chicago and Dan Stuckey an English sailor met at New York City for the first time Here they look over New York from atop the R C A building Weather Report wanner FORECAST MASON CITY Slightly valcl Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday night temperature above freez ing Scattered sprinkles late Tuesday night IOWA Slightly warmer Tuesday afternoon and in east and cen tral portions Tuesday night oc casional light rain or snow ex treme northeast and some scat tered sprinkling elsewhere late Tuesday night MINNESOTA Warmer Tuesday afternoon except in Red River Valley warmer east and north central portions Tuesday night ram or snow over enlire slate mostly as snow in north and as occasional light rain in extreme south portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 34 Minimum Monday night 24 At 8 a m Tuesday 31 YEAR AGO Maximum 41 Minimum 28 Precipitation 29 Snowfall 2 inches Eden Charges Atrocities by Japs in Colony of Hongkong Claims 50 British Soldiers Were Bound wholesale and Then Bayoneted LONDON Secre tary Anlhony Eden charged in the house of commons Tuesday that the Japanese army in Hongkong had been guilty atrocities in the occupied crown colony and de clared that the Japanese e m peror and gov ernment and the whole Japanese peo ple were to blame Fifty British officers and men w ere bound hand and foot and Ihen bayoneted t o death following the capture of Hongkong women both European and Asiatic were raped and murdered and one whole Chmese district was de clared a brothel without exception for the status of any the in habitants Eden declared These happenings previously reported to the government were not made public until it had con firmation from reliable eyewit nesses recently escaped from the colony Eden said Their testimony established the fact thai the Japanese army at Hongkong perpetrated against their helpless military prisoners and civil population without distraction of race or color the same kind of barbarities which aroused the horror of the civi lized world at the time of the Nanking massacre of 1937 Eden continued He referred to the Japanese capture of the former Chinese capital on Dec 13 1937 Substantiated accounts at that time said a reign of terror exist ed for days with women raped and murdered and other thousands of the inhabitants killed during the burning lootine and pillage of Nanking Japanesestatements at the time described the disorders as a mopping up operation All survivors of the Hongkong fcamson were herded into a camp of brick huts without doors win dows light or sanitation Eden said The dead had lo be buried in a corner ot the camp No drugs or medical facililies were supplied he declared The Japanese actions he said apparently would not bear inde pendent investigation as permis sion was refused for a representa tive of the Red Cross to go there Two things are the house the country and the that the Japanese claim that they are animated by lofty chivalry Is nauseating hypocrisy he said Secondly the enemy most be utterly defeated and we can best express our sympathy with the victims of these appalling outrages by redoubling our ef forls to insure his utlcr and overwhelming defeat By the end of January lie said 150 cases ofdysentery had oc curred in the camp The Japanese guards are ut terly callous and repeated re quests by General Maltby Mai Gen C M Maltby British com mander at Hongkong for an in terview with the Japanese com mander have been refused he added This means presumably that the Japanese high command have connived at the conduct oE their forces Eden said that most European residents including some who are seriously ill have been interned But like the military prisoners they are being given only a little occasional He declared the Japanese gov ernment had refused to allow a diplomatic protecting power or the International Red Cross com mittee to visit Hongkong and placed blame for the atrocities on the Japanese emperor the gov ernment and the whole Japan ese people He said the official announce ment had been withheld until the British government was in pos session of statements of reliable eyewitnesses who succeeded in escaping from Hongkong Woman Falls From Chair Kills Mouse ATLANTA T L Harrison grabbed a fire poker and climbed on a chair when her hus band cornered a mouse The mouse came toward her chair she got excited the chair slipped from under her She fell on the mouse and killed it rice and water and scraps of other food India Divided Against Self and in Wrangle With England While Japs Threaten Gates By DEWITT MACKENZIE Wide World War Analyst The Japanese successes in Java and Burma have increased the threat to India to the point where one wonders whether late 3re a write anolher dsasrous chapter headed too T1VV M1eIeaSE and ar forces from the conquest of Java the Nipponese may find themselves in quick blow at Hindustan isno definite indication thus far whether their strategy p r o vides for such a move right now but it is pos sible and should it come it would find this great empire u n p r e p a r ed militarily p o lilically divid ed against it self and in a wrangle w i t li a position to strike a MACKENZIE of England over the demand British India for freedom Freedom is the price which the nationalists ask for cooperation with England in the war India needs every ounce of defensive and internal cohesion which mustered and the British government a few days ago was reported to be ready to make concessions in an effort to avert possible catastrophe to this brightest of the jewels in the im perial crown This was last week and Just it appeared that something might be achieved the Eovern program because conservatives in Lon don Delhi thought it was too advanced Meantime Bri tains new man of the hour tlie dynamic Sir Stafford Cripps lias been urging immediate ac tion towards Indian indepen dence until Tuesday London tells us that it looks as though something would be done My dictionary defines Conserv ative with a capital thus In Great Britain belonging to or characteristic of the party opposed to radical reform measures In England they refer to the rock ribbed variety of conservatives as diehard lories and the diehard tories call Sir Stafford Cripps a radical So there you have it Now there are mountainous ob stacles to be overcome in estab lishing an allIndian government and one of the most pressing is the demand of the Moslem league that there be two separate autonomous states Mohammedan and Hindu I have spent months in Hindustan studying the problems and know how great they are I dare say that Ghandi spiritual leader of the na tionalists with whom I sat cross legged on the floor and discussed Indian affairs would admit that it will be long before his people have learned the lesson of self government But I should expect the little mahatma lo remind me that the tories of the reign of wrong headed George III said the damned iankee colonials couldnt handle a government of their own And I should expect him to say that no people ever learned to govern without actual experience in gov erning However they tell us com parisons are invidious and its not suggested that there is much sim ilarity between our colonial status and that of India Jawaharlal Nehru political head of the nationalists is pleading for the formation of a provisional government respon sible to the people A provisional status would appear to give some leeway for rectifying mis takes such as are bound to occur Apparently the English of dominion status thinkthat the Moslemscould be fitted into this scheme of things someway Meantime Washington has re vealed plans for developing the great industrial resources ot India and roaking that country a vast supply base for united nations forces It is proposed to send an American mission to India soon to help establish this project That is a logical and essential move for India is the strategic barrier be tween Hitler and his ally of the rising sun but it would be a link between the axis forces if it were to fall into Japans greedy hands So Englands problem is whether to try to keep British India within the empire by granting the people dominion status despite the un doubted difficulties of selfgov ernment or whether to deny them this freedom on the grounds that they arent ready for it and thereby perhaps hand the Indian empire to the mikado on a golden platter studded with Indias own rubies BANDIT GANG QUEEN HELD 11 Arrested for Series of Thefts in Minnesota and North Iowa ST PAUL Minn crime bureau agents Tuesday an nounced the capture of 11 mem bers of a confessed bandit which they said was led by a woman Authorities described Mrs Frieda Haack 32 Worthingtonr as a bandit queen They said she led the others in a series oE thefts throughout southern Minnesota and northern Iowa during the past year Eldon Howe state crime bureau chief charged Mrs Haack mother of one child would accompany the others and assist in the looting Some of those being held Howe said have admitted approximate ly 50 grain thefts 12 cattle thefts an undetermined number of tire and chicken thefts and two box car thefts in five southern Min nesota counties and in northern Iowa Rowe said Mrs Haack had some sort of apparatus that would discharge gas into chicken coops to facilitate thefts He said that authorities in Lyon and Nobles county had recovered four cars two trailers sixteen tires several revolvers and a number of rifles which he said had been stolen by the gang IOWA 2ND IN HONEY WASHINGTON D C Iowa ranked second among the states with 16032000 pounds of honey produced in 1941 the agri culture department reported Cali fornia was first with 22910000 pounds while Illinois had 9225 000 Joyal Replaces Dafoe as Physician for Dionne Quintuplets NORTH BAY Onl I Joyal of North Bay revealed Tues day that he had replaced Dr Allan Hoy Dafoe as physician of Dionne quintuplets Mr Dionne has asked me to act as physician to the quintuplets and I have accepted he said Dr Joyal has attended the Dionnes and their other children for seven years Dr Dafoe who delivered the quintuplets re signed early last month saying that if they were not permitted to speak English there was no point in his attending them further Name Wherry Western Director for G 0 P WASHINGTON can National Chairman Joseph W Martin Jr Tuesday announced the appointment of Kenneth S of Pawnee Nebr as west ern director for the nalional com mittee Wherry chairman of the Nebraska state republican com mittee will be the liaison officer between Chairman Martin and the republican chairmen in Western states Large Fires Set in Essen Nazi Industrial Center in RAF Raid LONDON bombers set fires some of them of great size in a heavy attack Monday night on the German industrial city of Essen site of the Krupp munitions works the air ministry reported Tuesday It was the second successive night attack on Essen PORK PRODUCT PRICE CEILINGS A RE SET BY US Wholesale Prices of 90 Per Cent of Nations Output Are Included WASHINGTON gov ernment temporarily froze whole sale prices ot 90 per cent of the nations pork products includin ham and bacon Tuesday at the highest levels prevailing between March 3 and March 7 The ceiling effective March 23 applies to dressed hogs and whole sale pork cuts and Price Admin istrator Leon Henderson declared it was expected to help impor tantly m holding down the cost of living Last year consumers spent emergency price schedule but asserted botli would more than for pork and other hog products Neither farmers nor retail out lets are covered directly by the emergency Henderson feel its effects uc fixed on dressed hogs or pork cuts prices which the packer may pay for farmers hogs automati cally are limited Pork prices to the retailer are fixed under the regulation Henderson continued OP A will step into the retail picture Im mediately should present retail price margins rise beyond pas sibly sUxht increase to reflect In replacement costs thus adding to the consumers burden unduly The OPA said that with top prices ot J1375 a hundred pounds currently prevailing foihogs in Chicago prices received by farm ers exceed 110 per cent of parity The 110 per cent figure is he highest of four levels in the case of hogs which limit Hendersons discretionary power to set ceilings on farm products under the emer gency price control act Products covered under the new ceiling include regular hams fresh or frozen regular hams Cured smoked boiled or baked baked and boned skinned hams picnic hams shoulders pork loins slab bacon Canadian bacon sliced bacon fat backs spare ribs and canned or packaged spiced ham Sausages canned meats manufactured meats except cannedspiced ham and luncheon meat and edible offals are ex cluded from the ceiling Officials said sausages contained various meat products and that it would be extremely difficult lo arrive at a fair pricingformula for them Advances in hog products dur ing recent months bringing price levels to a 16 year peak reflected the competitive demand for pork products from normal consumers and lendlcase and military re quirements Hogs beef veal nntt are the bjg four of he American meat diet Pork is by far the most important to the average con sumer and in 1940 hog sales ac counted for nearly 10 per cent of the farmers cash income LIMIT RUBBER TIRE TRACTORS Production Must Stop After May I Orders War Production Board WASHINGTON war production board Tuesday pro hibited production of farm trac tors requiring rubber tires after May 1 and ordered manufacturers to change over as promptly as pos sible to steelwheel equipment Effective immediately tractor manufacturers must reduce treir output of rubbertired vehicles 45 par cent below Ihe average month ly production in January and February In April production must be cut 60 per cent W P B officials said the cur tailment would mean that onlv about 10000 rubbertired tractors could be made this month and about 8000 in April Manufac turers had scheduled about 17800 units this month The WPB rubber branch has agreed to set aside about 300 tons of crude rubber to take care of tractor tire requirements this month and about 240 tons for I April production See Burmese Soldiers in Jap Forces LONDON revo lutionaries have allied themselves with the invading Japanese a military commentator revealed Tuesday The discovery that Burmese were aiding Japan was made when the British sloop Hindustan surprised a landing part at the mouth of the Rangoon river March G and captured one of the big flatbottomed boats In it were one Japanese officer and 55 Burmese soldiers The other boats scattered and escaped Later they were machine gunned by RAF flyers but they already had landed their troops The commentator said it was presumed those boats also had been loaded with native troops The commentator was unable to slate to what extent the Japanese were using Burmese natives or whether they were raising three Burmese armies as they have claimed He said there probably were many malcontents whom lie des cribed as traitors left over after the insurrections of 1931 The withdrawal from Rangoon was precipitated by a temporary isolation of part of our force at Pegu and a landing by the enemy on the north shore of the Bakir river and the west bank of the Rangoon river the commentator said In the Pegu area the enemy infiltrated through our lines near Pegu and having isolated the Pegu farce struck west with a strong force that included armored ve hicles This was the first mention of tne use of armored vehicles by theJapanese in Burma THINK DOMINION STATUS LIKELY Cnpps Leads Fight for Immediate Grant to India for Support LONDON status for India as the price for her mil lions war support for Britain was regarded in British circles Tues day as a virtual certainty and lie weight of cabinet influence ap parently was veering toward an offer which would be put into force promptly With the mailed fist of the Japanese army beating on the door of the empires treasure chamber and its peoples attitude tepid toward Britain because of unfulfilled aspirations for free dom the cabinet debated the measure of Indian independence Saturday and Monday Informed sources siid the snag was on the timing of dominion to grant it now or promise it at a deferred date Sir Stafford Cripps was snid lo be leading the fight for an imme diate grant to India of the same rank in the commonwealth as Canada and the other dominions Prime Minister Churchill for merly an advocate of strong British rule in India was be lieved to be swinging toward the same opinion it was reported Essentially there are three plans for India believed to be be fore the cabinet 1 A flat offer of postwar do minion status 2 Gradual grant of dominion status during the war 3 An offer of immediate do minion status Indians here have declared that the only plan acceptable totheir countrymen would be Hie third and that it would represent the minimum of Indias demands Others say that even immediate dominion status would be unsatis factory that Indians have reached a point where they would accept nothing but a completely inde pendent nalion 3 Girls in Bathtub Are Electrocuted ODESSA Tex little girls were elcctroculcd in a bath tub Monday ntghl when Ihcy pulled an extension cord loose They were Euton 8 Klomah Jean 5 and Anna Joyce 3 daughters of Mr and Mrs L V Harry GUILUUM 53 DIES SIOUX CITY F Guil lium 53 of Sioux City recently appointed by the labor depart ment to the national committee for conservation of manpower in de fense industries died Monday DUTCH WORK OUT PLANS FOR FURTHER FIGHT Rangoon Is Cityof Blackened Riiins More Japs on New Guinea By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Threats of a revolt by Bri tishruled Indias 77000000 Mos lems further complicated the al lied effort in the far Pacific wai theater Tuesday as Japanese troops surged on westward be yond fallen Rangoon toward the Irrawaddy oil fields and the fabu lous riches of India Rangoon itself the Burmese capital was a city of fireblack ened ruins On other fronts 1 The battle for Java was ap parently a closed chapter with Japanese forces occupying Ban doeng former allied military headquarters and presumably the big Soerabaja naval base Dutch army officers said it was believed the Japanese had landed SOfldtt reinforcements on Java last Saturday and now had Ifirce divisions perhaps 75000 troops near Soerabaja alone Biackedout communications hid the extent of any fighting which might be continuing Anetatlie Dutchnews agency said N E I officials were work ing out plans for continuing the struggle againstJapan from out side the overrun Indies andde clared new machinery for that purpose would soon tie set up in certain parts of the world 2 la lie Philippines Japans assignment of her most success ful army commander to lead he campaign against Gen Douglas MacArtburs heroic defenders indicated that a supreme at tempt was forthcomingto wipe out AmericanFilipino resis tance on Bafaan peninsula Lieut Gen Tchoyuki Yaini shita conqueror of Malaya and Singapore was appointed com mander in chief of the invasion forces succeeding Lieut Gen Masajiaru Homma who was re ported to have committed suicide in chagrin over his failure to crush MacArthurs little army SAustralian planes kept sharp watch for the expected approach of a Japanese invasion armada toward Australia from New Guinea where the enemy hart already estabished three beachheads on he Australian mandated island Sonborne Japanese forces made a third landing on New Guinea Tuesday and enemy bombers blasted anew at Port Moresby New Guinea only 280 miles from the Australian mainland It was the tenth attack there DELAY IN CHURCHILL STATEMENT DISAPPOINTING The situation in India hung in delicate balance Dispatches from New Delhi siid apparent delay in Prime Minister Churchills statement to parlia ment on India had resulted in dis appointment Mohammed Ali linnah presi dent of the allIndia Moslem league declared in a cablegram to Churchill that Moslem India would revolt if the statement were detrimental to Moslem in terests particularly any plan to divide India into selfrulinff Moslem and Hindu states Traditionally deadly enemies Indias 240000000 Hindus out number the Moslems by three to one British military quarters virtu ally conceded the loss of the en tire southern lip of Burma from Rangoon to the Bay of Bengal but declared that British imperial troops would fight on in central Burma side by side with our Chinese allies British forces isolated in the Pegu sector 40 miles north of Rangoon were reportedsi ash ing their way through Japanese lines to the main imperial army which in turn drove through enemy columns astride the Rangoon Prome road after heavy fighting Prome lies 90 miles northwest ot Rangoon BRITISH WRECK PUBLIC UTILITIES IN BASSEIN British withdrawalfrom all of southern Burma was indicated as British demolition squads wrecked public utilities at Bassein key city of the Irrawaddy river delta SO miles west of Rangoon and American engineers also preparet
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