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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 9, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP DEPARTMENT Of HSTORY A NO ARCH IVC3 0 VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY THE NIWSPAPSR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NSIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH9 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS ONE JAPS CLAIM EAST INDIES MASTERY Guinea Invaded NEW NIPPONESE CHIEFSUCCEEDS SUICIDE VICTIM New Offensive Against MacArthurs Forces Is Anticipated Soon WASHINGTON UR Japans most famous general of this war for the evident purpose of leading a new attempt to knock out Gen Douglas MacArthurs American and Filipino forces The war department an nounced Monday that Gen Tomoyuka Yamashita the con queror of Singapore has suc ceeded Gen Masaharu Homma who is reported to have com mitted suicide because of his failure to defeat MacArthur General Yamashita has arrived at headquarters north of the Ba taan battlefront to take over the task in which Homma failed des pite the vast numerical superiority of his forces Announcement of the shifting of Yamashita to the Philippines was regarded as further corroborative evidence in support of what Mac Arthur on Sunday described as persistent reports that Homma had ended his life in the tradi tion of harakiri Military observers believed that with the hard hitting Yamashita in command of the 200000 or more invading troops a new offensive against MacArthurs forces was ahticipateci Some quarters believed that the new commanderinchief in the Philippines miffht be brinsr ins with him reinforcements which had been used at Singa pore or the Indies MacArthur still sought proof of the persistent reports of the suicide of Homma 54 year old expert on the ways of the west ern world who is reported to have taken his life about Feb 2G Battled to a standstill for two months and then thrown back by MacArthurs little army of val iants Homma is believed to have committed harakiri in the same suite of rooms in the Manila hotel that had been occupied by Mac Arthur A lull has hung over the Ba taan battlefront for the past 24 hours Mondays war department communique said perhaps while Yamashita reorganizes his forces for an effort to repsat his Ma layanSingapore triumph Yamasbita has established his field headquarters at San Fer nando in Pampanea province about 25 miles northeast of the Bataan battlefront and 19 miles north of Manila bay The new Japanese Commander inchief in the Philippines is 57 three years older than his pre decessor and was commander of the Japanese forces in China prior to being given command of the invasion of Malaya Graduated from the Japanese military academy in 1906 he rose to the rank of colonel by 1929 He served as military attache to AustriaHungary before the first World war A year ago he headed aJapa nese mission to Berlin and re mained there for some time to deal with problems connected with the axis tripartite agree ment among Germany Italy and Japan Upon his return to the Orient he was made a member of the Japanese supreme militarv couYicil Within a short timehe was re ported to be indoctrinating the Japanese army with what he had learned in Germany Immediately prior to the outbreak of the war in the Pacific on Dec 7 he was head of the Japanese forces in China MacArthurs reports of the sup posed suicide of Homma presum ably came from his espionage system which is functioning be hind the enemy lines Second Trial Faced by Mrs Payne 43 BLOOMINGTON Ind Mrs Caroline G Payne 43 busi ness manager of a Bloomingto newspaper faced a second tria Monday on charges that she mur dered the lover who jilted her tt marry another woman Special Judge Charles B Staff Sunday to ing a decision Yamashita Will Fight MacArthur GEN TOMOYUKA YAMASHITA Philippines GEN MASAHARU HOMMA hilled self 80 OF 14587 CAST BALLOTS Mason City School Election Creates Little Interest Among Voters Eighty of Mason Citys 14587 voters had cast ballots at oclock Monday afternoon in the annual school election here No contest for the two directorships and treasurers office were re vealed in the nominations Only nomination papers filed were for Garfield E Breese and Jay E Decker incumbents for direclor and Allan F Beck present treas urer for reelection The polls will remain open un til 7 p m Secretary R L James said Polling places and the num ber of votes cast at oclock were reported as follows First ward school administra tion building 13 votes Second ward courthouse 28 votes Third ward Lapincr garage 28 xotes Fourth ward Central Auto Elec tric company 11 votes HERRING FILES NOMINATION U S Senator Formally Enters Race Without PreCampaign Statement DES MOINES United Suites Senator Clyde L Herrinj formally entered the loiva sena torial race Monday with the filing of nomination papers for th democratic primary Rounding out his first term without issuance of the custom ary precampaign statement H had stated previously that h would make no formal announce ment The senatorwas recently ii spection of the defense progran when he was elevated to his ent office SINGLE BUYING AGENCY URGED BY COMMITTEE Congressional Group Sharply Critical of U S Production Effort JUDGE DIES AT DUBUQUE noon of a heart attack centr fu t WASHINGTON single ntraiized purchasing agency to irnish all military lie death grapple of total war was demanded Monday by a con gressional committee sharply crit ical of the nations production effort Failure to organize he do mestic front of the battle of pro duction has already been trans lated into serious defeats for our own armed forces said a report by the house committee on defense migration headed by Representative Tolan Maintaining that the United States had not even begun lo match Germany Italy and Japan in production the committee said this was traceable to our inabil ity to comprehend the nature and scope of modern warfare and the length to which our enemies have gone to prepare themselves The committee which spent months studying problems of la bor supply and material procure ment recommended 1 Creation of a special techni cal division under the civilian procurement agency to maintain an uptodate complete inventory on industrialfacilities the supply of critical materials and the sup ply of 2 Labormanagement cooper ation through joint national re gional and plant committees head ed by a paid government official on production and procurement problems Our enemies said the report are operating along the inner line and even our defensive oper ations to hold them in check re quire deploying our forces around the world For such warfare we shall need riot merely to equal the output of our enemies but to sur pass that output by three or foiir times It is clear that to date we have not even begun to equal their output To this committee it is apparent that if we follow prevailing procedures we shall not achieve the goals set by the president for 1942 or 1943 These procedures have been tried dur insr 18 months when our goals were far smaller and were even then found wanting The committee urged that the war production board allocate production goals to each important industry and to each region in stead of dealing with individual plants saying that it then would be up to the industry and regional boards to see that every facility under their jurisdiction operates at maximum efficiency HOUSE DEBATES FARM FUNDS F RQpposition to Ban on Surplus Sales Limit Faces Test WASHINGTON Admin istration opposition to a rider barring sales of surplus crops at below parity prices faced a test Monday as the house plunged in to priations bill Congressional sources predicted of Agriculture Wickard would back up the administration op position in radio talks Mondav The talks are scheduled at p m central war time to a series of community farm dinners Mr Roosevelt is expected to talk about five minutes The surplus sales section was ersial items remaining to be dis and the for consideration of heavilyjammed house docket Still to be debated were provisions for parity payments ay the Japs Move Nearer Australia CELEBES AMIOINA OCCAM LA GRANGE AUSTRALIA Japanese forces have landed at Salamaua and Lae in New Guinea and are expected to URGE SUPER WAR STRATEGY BOARD Senator Hill Advocates Single Head for Both U S Army and Navy WASHINGTON propo sal that President Roosevelt set up a super war strategy board headed by a single commander mchief for both army and navy wasmade Monday by Senator Hill of Alabama the democratic whip Speaking as a veteran member of the senate military affairs com mittee Hill told reporters that he had become convinced that im mediate unification of command here over land sea and air forces was necessary if the United States was to develop its maximum mili tary striking power Although the Alabama Senator professed to be expressing only his personal viewpoint the fact that the suggestion came from an important administration sup porter in congress was regarded as significant Applauding the recent organiza tion of the army which gave the air force equal rank with the ground and supply branches Kill said he felt the appointment of one supreme commander for army navy and air operating un der the president would carry this principle to its logical con clusion We must concentrate all of our forces and resources in one great striking machine and if we are going to have this machine work ing at maximum efficiency the three main components of our military foes must be coordinated and integrated to the greatest pos sible extent he declared y y y That can not be done he continued unless there is a super staff headed by a supreme com mander working here in Wash ington to make strategy decisions and to assume the responsibility of coordinating our military ef forts Foundations of Powerful Base in Australia Indicated SENATOR HILL unified machine BANDITS GET DAVENPORT band aim ODlainCQ oOU More Reinforcements From U S Can Be Expected There Soon By DeWTTT MACKENZIE Wide World War Analyst of Java an accomplishedvtact for all practical purposes the battle of the Pacific enters a second phase effort of the mikados forces to consolidate their great gains before retribution overtakes them and the devel opment of an allied initiative which will op erate from Aus tralia and in due course will grow into a counter offensive Unless the signs are all set wrong the foundations of a powerful base MACKENZIE already have been laid in Aus tralia and further United States reinforcements may be expected in the immediate future The main forces of course will be Ameri can and Australian and thats a happy combination one to in spire confidence The AussieYankee brotherhood in arms was born under a lucky star The first AngloAmerican at tack of history was during the first World war when our 33rd di vision and Australians went over the top together along the Somme on July 4 1918 and captured Hamel from the Germans in a brilliant action Its also intrestimr and per haps not unimportant to note that it is to Uncle Sam that Australia looks in this greatest crisis of her history just as Canada does The immediate purpose of this gathering of the clans in Australia is to defend this last great allied base in the southwest Pacific from the Japs But this vast continent also will provide the headquarters from which allied warships and warplanes will harass the Nippo nese in their recent conquests and raid the attenuated lines of com munication between Indonesia and Japan As previously emphasized in this column one of Japans great weaknesses will lie in those sea lanes more than 3000 miles in length Unless she can keep them open and provide ships from her already severely hit fleet to carry supplies her conquests instead of providing vast resources will be a millstone about her neck Because the Japs already havc spread themselves over the southwest Pacific as thin butter on a circus sandwich one would think they would hesitate to undertake a fulldress inva sion of Australia although they have coveted it However they are flushed with victory and it may be that they will keep on rolling the dice while they are hoi The question of whether Japan can be held in the main o her present conquests will depend largely on how much initiative the allies can develop quickly in the orient The appearance of real strikingpower in Australia might mark the turning point in the Japanese campaign and the be ginning of her downfall SAVE ALL OF FREIGHTER CREW Brazilian Ship Reported to Have Been Sunk Off Newport News RIO DE JANEIRO The 3878ton Brazilian freighter Aru butan was sunk Saturday night 70 miles off Newport News Virginia but all aboard were saved Per mission to publish the news was given Monday The Arabutan the third Bra zilian vessel sunk off the east coast of the United States was operated by the LJoyd Nacional Line Besides hoi51 crew members it was reported here that she also had aboard some members of a Brazilian tanker which is being repaired in the United States Good Tire Considered Adequate Bail Bond on 2 Minor Charges W Va UP Police Chief H H Davis considers one practically new automobile tire sufficient bail bond for two minor offenses Two men enroute to High Point N Car arrested on a minor charge found themselves unable immediately to pay their fines Davis agreed to hold one of their tires for surety and released the men on their promise lo pay They returned for the tire Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Fresh to strong winds in east portion diminishing Mon day afternoon and early Mon day night Somewhat colder Monday night in northeast and extreme east portions MASON CITY Somewhat colder Monday night lowest tempera ture Monday night 20 MINNESOTA Slightly colder Monday night east portion light snow in extreme west by Tues day morning IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 35 Minimum Sunday night 26 At 8 a m Monday 27 Snow trace YEAR AGO Maximum 45 Minimum 29 The figures for Sunday Maximum Sunday 47 Minimum Sunday 24 At 5 p m Sunday 24 Thrusts Are Covered by Warship Guns MELBOURNE Australia Strong Japanese landing forces engaged Monday in consoli dating two footholds which they won on the northeast coast of New Guinea Sunday in lightning thrusts covered by the big guns of warships The Salamaua and ae the capital of New forced another link in the chain of potential invasion bases threaten ing Australia and the common ivealth cabinet was summoned hastily to an emergency session to decide upon measures to meet the new danger New defense regulations gave the commonwealth military authorities power to carry out complete destruction of roads railroads canals waterworks airdromes docks and wharves wherever necessary for Aus tralias defense Salamau is only 150 miles north of Port Moresby main port on the south coast of New Guinea which is in turn only 300 miles from the Australian mainland The Sydney Morning Herald predicted that the next move of the Japanese would be an allout air assault on Port Moresby which can be reached in less than an hour by planes based at Sala maua Port Moresby already has been bombed several times fjom outlying Japanese bases An air ministry communique announcing the landings said Australian wavplanes had struck back at the invasion armada be fore the Japanese had completes their operations and had scored direct hits on ships Salamaua where he first landing effected early Sunday morningr is about 400 miles airline northeast of Cape York Australia Lae is about 35 miles north of Salamaua The Japanese earlier had won footholds on the halfDutch half Portuguese island of Timor which is west of New Guinea and about 400 miles from Port Darwin Aus tralia They also have bases on New Britain island roughly 200 miles east of Salamaua Observers expressed belief that the Japanese would find the go ing difficult if they tried to ad vance overland from Satamaua to Port Moresby for they would have to cross a 5000 foot range of mountains covered with thick tropical vegetation They declared however that Salamaua was of great strategic importance to the Japanese for they now have command of the narrow strait between New Guinea and New Britainthe natural gateway for a seaborne assault upon the Australian cast coast Unofficial advices said both Salamaua and Lae had been abandoned by Australian ground forces before the Japa nese landed and that all im portant installations there had destroyed in pursuance of a scorched earth policy The landing operations at Sala maua were begun Sunday morn ing the air ministry said under cover of a force of cruisers and destroyers The size of the force at Sala maua is unknown but clearly there were considerable landings its communique declared Another invasion fleet was re ported to have appeared off Lae about9 a m and to have shelled the town before putting troops ashore It also was air bombed Australian planes which at tacked the naval force Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum trace 40 27 JAPS DECLARE URGE FORCE IN JAVA CAPTURED Barricade on Invasion Path to Australia Appears to Be Lifted By CLYDE A FARNSWORTH Associated Press War Editor The Japanese claimed mastery Monday of all the Dutch East Indies hitherto a barricade on the invasion road to Australia and appeared to have planted a secure foot in the Burma doorway to India where they reported the occupation of Rangoon A British announcement at New Delhi said that the defend ers were withdrawing after dynamiting facilities of value In the enemy In Rangoon great port city The Japanese declared that Rangoon had been occupied since Sunday The Dutch had not yet con firmed the Japanese account of general capitulation and uncondi tional surrender in Java Tokio said that 98000 soldiers gave up at the last two strong points Ban doeng and Soerabaja and that be sides the main Dutch force the captives included 5000 British and American soldiers If true the loss in manpower was greater than in Malaya and Singapore Whatever the outcome of military operations in the Neth erlands East Indies said a Dutch government statement the powers of the Netherlands East Indies authorities there whether military or civil do not extend beyond arrange ments regarding cessation of local military operations Bandoeng war capital of the N E I and the last main scat of resistance on Java was admitted to have included at least four met by intense antiaircraft fire and Japanese planes also rose to in tercept them but all returned safely to base the air ministry said Official Australian circles made no secret of the fact that they regarded the Japanese thrust at New Guinea as pre liminary to an attempt to invade Australia itself Only Sunday Major General Henry Gordon Bennett former commander of Australian forces in Malaya who escaped after the fall of Singapore warned his countrymen in a radio address of the imminent danger of invasion He predicted the Japanese would attempt first to capture air complex their tralia the Dutch hopes on defense of Aus The lieutenant governorgener al of the N E I Dr Hubcrtus J Van Mook arriving at Adelaide Australia after a sorrowful flight from the last strip of runway available at Bandoengs air drome said We are here to carry on the fight and not to sit and mope He estimated the Japanese strength on Java at from 120 000 to 160000 men The best plan seems to be to try to cripple the enemys sea forces and transport if it comes a lone way from its bases he said There should be an end to relrcatinsr London echoed this sentiment one newspaper declaring that only an allied counterattack on a gigantic scale can stem the Japanese now While a new tentacle of the Japanese offensive curled closer lo Australia along the coral sea with two footholds gained in east ernmost New Guinea and a third threatened the Australian war cabinet struggled Monday with the problem of delivering a counter stroke Japan appeared o have reached a crossroads in her far spread operations whether to attempt a mopup of Burma for a drive into India or to tackle the Australian continent The possibility that slic would try both at once was slim Authoritative Dutch circles de spite the black silence from Java the last main bulwark of the N E I declared There will be no surrender in Java in any circum stances whatever The Dutch said thai although the island was overrun by the Japanese the cen tra force of Dutch troops with Australian British and Ameri can defend the Indies until the death There had been no evacuation of troops from Java they insisted It was announced in New Delhi only Monday that Alexan der had succeeded lo the Burma command in a March 5 displace ment of Lieut Gen T J Hot ton as commanding general of ficer The Japanese were admitted lo we 1C I711T ICQ 1O rf northern Australia and have cut the RangoonMandalay then drive southward from air railway first lee of the drome to airdrome K T n abandoned supply route to Free Bennett declared the only way China but the attacking forces to beat the Japanese was to take were described as patrols enSIV lhat fapanese however told thp Pnt a rctrcat of a Mack launched on Rangoon at 9 p m Saturday
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