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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 26, 1942, Mason City, Iowa DEPART VENT OF H I S T 0 i Y A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY FEBRUARY 26 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS U S SUBS TORPEDO 4 JAP VESSELS ff Trenches Dug in Calcutta I BATAAN FORCES MAKE GAINS IN SURPRISE MOVE Small Defense Groups Harassing Japs in North Centra Luzon WASHINGTON war department reported Thursday Gen Douglas MacArthurs troops in a surprise thrust forced back the Japanese several kilometers on the Philippine Bataan peninsula A a m eastern war time communique said that fighting was still In progress with con tinued local successes Main positions of the enemy have not been penetrated it was said The attack brought the first substantial advance for the American Filipino defenders since they were forced to with draw into the narrow peninsula nearly two months ago Meanwhile small bodies of American and Philippine troops were reported to be harassing the Japanese in guerrilla fighting in central and northern Luzon scor ing considerable success More than 500 miles to the south on the island of Mindanao desultory patrol action occurred The invaders there have been re inforced by a detachment of Japa nese marines A war department spokesman advised reporters to make your own interpretation of the re versalrnnicled on the Japanese in Bataan Four times in recent weeks the war department had advised that the Japanese were bringing up reinforcements and reforming their forces for a renewal of the series of full scale offensives which dwindled to inconclusive lighting a month ago Instead came the lull of the last several days and the counterat tack reported Thursday Secretary of War Stimson re ceived word Thursday from a leader of 20000 bolomen fight ing with the Philippine defend ers a pledge that the Moro tribes men would fight to the last against the Japanese invaders and die for America and their coun try it need be The pledge was from Captain Datu Gumbay Piang The captain identified himself as a son of the late Datu Piang a friend of Stim son when the war secretary was governor general of the Philip pines some 15 years ago The communique number 125 said 1 Philippine theater Ina surprise thrust General MacArthurs troops in Bataan at tacked sharply all along the line capturing a number of the enemys advance positions The attack was particularly successful on the right where forward elements of the Japanese troops were forced to withdraw several kilometers Fighting is still in progress with continued local success However the main positions of the enemy have not been penetrated Information reaching General MacArthur from central and northern Luzon indicates that small bodies of American and Philippine troops are continuing to harass the Japanese in guerrilla fighting with continued success Desultory patrol action is re ported from Mindanao where the invading troops have been rein forced by a detachment of Japa nese marines There is nothing to report from other areas Youth Is Slugged ot Inquest 6 Soldiers Die as Train Hits Bus in Storm ENID Okla Hock Island iiLTLjv iiiiinci freight train ripped through a bus Thursday killing six enlisted men in the army air corps Twentyfive others were injured m the crash which occurred in a blinding snow storm half a mile west of Enid The list of dead supplied by Capt Calvin W Hammond press relations officer of the Enid flying school Pvt Herbert J Taylor 22 Lake Kerr Fla Pvt Eugene L Underwood 23 Rogersville Fa Sgl Eugene J Sanders Yoakum Tex Pvt Vernon Ohnsted Georgetown Minn Pvt Robert W Walker Bay City Tex Pvt Cyril J Minarcik Chicago Critically injured were Staff Sgt Ernest M Schults 25 Forrestburg Tenn Pvt John Ltfdlum 25 Battle Creek Mich Among those treated for minor injuries and dismissed from the hospital was rank Roland M Winkelpeck 19 Dy sart Iowa There were no witnessesto the accident other than the men in the bus and train crew Captain Ham mond said Maj W A Stephens post ad jutant of the Enid flying school said fhe bus carried between 35 and 40 men The accident oc curred about a m at a grade crossing a half mile west of Enid 26 26 23 21 None of the men were pilots Major Stephens said The soldiers based at the Enid lying school were returning to heir barracks about a mile west of Enid when the crash occurred Driver of the bus which oper ates between the air base and the city of Enid was Wendell Thomas Smith 28 a civilian Extent of his 23 injuries was not known Captain Hammond said Smith evidently was blinded by Hie swirling snow GENERAL MacARTHUR Japs Back Ensign Wayne Morris Former Screen Star Is Wed in Los Angeles LOS ANGELES OT Ensign Wayne Morris who used to make feminine screen fans hearts flut ter now belongs to Patricia Ann ORourke tall 19 year old bru net of Beverly Hills They were married Wednesday night in a ceremony attended by a guard of honor of Morns flying mates at tne Long Beach naval air base H was the brides first marriage Morris 28 formerly was married to Bubbles Schinasi of New York They were divorced 18 months ago Shoot Down 21JapPlanes Over Burma RANGOON Burma fighter planes shot clown 21 Japa nese raiders Thursday in battles for control of the air over blazin Rangoon fired to destroy all that might be of value to the Japanese while a battlethinned line of British defense forces still held doggedly along the west bank of the Sittang river British communiques on Ihe progress of the fight for what re mains of Burma said Japanese troops were believed to be mov ing north along the east bank of the river some 70 miles from Rangoon and that here was no contact with the invaders at the southern anchor of the front It was announced too that the hardhitting American volunteer group attached to the Chinese air force had carried the fight again to Japanese bases in Thailand The commander of the Ameri can unit was said to have an nounced that two enemy bombers were shot down and two fighters destroyed on the ground in an at tack Wednesday morning on one Of the Thailand airfields This was in addition to the loll allied fighters took in the skies over Rangoon There were reporls from Chungking meanwhile that still more veterans of Generalissimo Chiang KaiSheks Chinese army had moved into Burma battle po sitions Some reports said the Chinese already were in action against the invaders This if confirmed might be the counter blow at the Japanese right flank which seemed one of the main hopes of the outnum bered British defenders of the Sit tang hue last natural barrier to Rangoon Rubber in Corsets and Suspenders Is Ruled Out by U S WASHINGTON IF Further use of rubber in production of womens corsets and mens suspenders and carters was definitely ruled out Thursday for the duration The war production board said no more rubber would be available for the thread essential to such intimate accessories The ruling announced late Wednesday rein stated an earlier nomore corests order which had been modified to some extent last month Corsetieres promised they would do the best they could with the materials on hand mentioning the possibility of employing knitted gussets in miladys girdle LOOT BUYS DEFENSE BONDS OAKLAND Cal neth Freeland 20 Berkeley told police he bought defense bonds wtlh his loot from four holdups Police believed he had stolen about S50 The youth identified himself as a former Purdue uni versity student BOY IS MOROSE IN CELL AT JAIL Declares He Hopes for Death for Slaying Sweetheart in Theater CHICAGO Mc Donald the youth who killed as he kissed in the balcony of a downtown theater said Thursday that he hoped for death in the electric chair because life would be meaningless without his sweet heart and victim Held to tile grand jury on 3 coroners verdict charging the murder of Dorothy Broz 17 dark haired all American girl ot Mor ton high school McDonald sat mo rosely in his cell Thursday and talked of his love for the girl he confessed killing He held to his position that he shot Dorothy as he kissed her dur ing the gangster film Sealed Lips not because he was jealous but because I didnt want any one else to have her He said Dorothy had promised to marry him in four years but that he feared she never would because of religious differences and her familys objections to him I told her I loved her more than anything in the world just before 1 shot her he said And I know she loved me I hope I get the chair now because life without her will be meaningless i f y c DOROTHY BROZ of Staying Who Told You So Club Is Organized MARSHFIELD Mass Who Told You So Chib has been formed among townspeople here Members on hearing rumors helpful to the enemy are pledged tn trace them to their source so they may be exposed as Jalse Report Reds Closed Trap 100000 on on By THE ASSOCIATED PUESS Stockholm dispatches sak Thursday 100000 German roop were threatened with death or surrender caught in the steel jaws of a soviet trap in the Slaiaya Russa sector and that the rec uniies were also closing a pincers jn Hitlers armies retreating through the Napoleonic escape corridor from Moscow Russian troops moving heavy guns over the snow on propeller driven sledges were reported knifing toward the M o s c o w Smolensk railroad from two di f r m newly captured Dorosrobuzh and south from Belv only 50 miles apart a drive to bottle up strong German forces still holding out iu the KzhevVyazma region Soviet frontline dispatches said that the red armies had de feated nazi reserves hurled into the flaming battle of Stavaya Russa and that a ring of destruc tion was closing tighter around survivors of the smashed Ger man 16th army One ot the nazi reserve units identified as the 50th regiment of the German fifth division was repulsed when it break through lo aid the trapped forces W i t h three divisions officially declared to have been smashed and 12000 men killed through in itial operations the army newspa per Red Star said several addi tional German garrisons were be ing wiped out of the strategic communications zone 140 miles below Leningrad quarters said 14000 Russians had been killed in Uehtlne southeast of Lake Ilmen in the last four weeks and while this period was more llian twice the 10 day span of battle outlined by the Rus sians soviet dispatches tola of fierce resistance by German artillery mortar and machine gun crews The southern Donets basin was reported by the Moscow radio to be a scene of violent lighting in which 6000 Germans have died Meanwhile the Germans an nounced that British planes dropped high explosives and in cendiaries at some places on the German coast in the night includ ing the port of Kiel DNB German news agency in sisted there was no military dam age There was a lull in fighting in north Africa WILL ARGUE END OF 40 HOUR WEEK Rayburn Clears Way to Debate Suspending 8 Hour Day During War WASHINGTON Speaker Rayburn cleared the way Thurs day for house debate on a pro posal to suspend operation of the 40 hour week and the eighthour day during the war He did this by announcing that he would not rule out on a tech nicality a pending amendment drafted by Representative Smith D to suspend the maxi mum hour requirements and extra pay for overtime work now pro vided for in 17 separate laws In announcing Wednesday that he would offer the amendment when the house resumed consid eration of the war powers bill Thursday Smith said he had no doubt it would be subjected to a point of order and opponenls would try to block its considera tion on the ground it was not germane Rayburn said he had no doubt the amendment would be ger mane to so broad a bill as the war powers measure which seeks to confer 15 emergency powers on various federal agencies Surgeon Dies Just Before Operating ANN ARBOR Mich Herbert R Stockwell 40 dropped dead of a heart attack at Univer sity hospital Wednesday while washing his hands preparatory to an operation Friends said he had never complained of illness He was a surgery instructor in the University of Michigan medical school MAY HAVE USED PLANES IN LA Stimson Gives Report on Aircraft Reported Seen Above California WASHINGTON Secretary Stimson sairl Thursday that un identified airplanes possibly as many as 15 which may have been operated by enemy agents were over Los Angeles early Wednes day and were fired on by army antiaircraft guns Stimson said the raid described late Wednesday by Secretary oC the Navy Knox as a false alarm occurred between and a m Pacific war time Antiaircraft etuis of lie 17th coast artillery brigade fired 1 430 rounds of ammunition at the Planes which Stimson told a press conference were officially reported as flying at speeds ranging from very slow to 200 miles an hour anil at heights of 9000 o 18000 feel The planes dropped MO bombs Stnnsoa said there were no cas ualties among American troops none of the planes was shot down and no army or navy planes were in action Since no bombs were dropped Stimson said it was possible that the planes might have come from commercial sources oper ated by enemy accnts to spread alarmr disclose the location of anliaircraft gun emplacements and slow down war operations by causing blackouts The said his informa tion was contained in a report from General George C Marshall army chief of staff and apparently was based on reports io Marshall from army officials in California My only comment Stimson is that perhaps it is better to be too alert than not alert enough Stimson said he had no explana tion of the statement that neither army nor navy planes were in ac tion and he did not explain what by commercial was meant sources Stimson said the armys investi gation of the incident was contin uing BULLETINS CHUNGKING The Flying American volunteer down a total of 34 planes in attacks Wednesday and Thursday on Japanese forma tions over Thailand a Central News official Chinese Agency dispatch said Thursday night The Americans suffered no loss of their own it was said Fine Defense Made in Java WASHINGTON Stimson said Thursday that the united nations were making a defense of Hie Netherlands Indies and had in flicted heavy losses on the enemy which he said the Japanese had not disclosed We realize fully the impor tance of the situation in Java imi we are giving every bit of aid possible the war secretary told a press conference In a tribute to British Gen eral Sir Archibald Wavetl Stim son reported that the southwest Pacific commander in chief suf fered a broken rib in an aircraft accident on a visit lo Singapore Hie day before Singapore fell Wavell he said proposed to visit the Bataan peninsula fight ing front in the Philippines also Wavell Offered to Speed to Bataan to Aid MacArthur WASHINGTON UR Scc relary of War Henry L Stimson disclosed Thursday that British Gen Sir Archibald F Wavell supreme commander of allied forces in the southwest Pacific offered to speed to Ihc aid of Gen DoiiRlas jUncArtliur at the outset of the Bataan penin sula campaign MacArthur re jected the offer because he felt that Wavells life was ton precious lo jeopardize Stimson said LONDON lift The German radio said Thursday night that the RangoonMandalay railway first leg of the Burma road supply line to China and immediate goal of the Japanese offensive in Burma had been cut in several places by Japanese troops The Tokio radio thus far has made no such claim and the lat est British communique from Burma says that the defense line is still intact along the Sittang river east of the railway Weather Report FORECAST IOWA A feulight snow flurries Thursday afternoon and in cast portion Thursday night Colder Thursday night considerably colder in extreme west portion MASON CITY A few light snow flurries Thursday afternoon and night Colder Thursday night Lowest temperatures Mason City 5 above MINNESOTA A few light snow flurries Thursday afternoon and in east portion Thursday night colder Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 29 Minimum Wednesday night IS At 8 a m Thursday 20 Snow acc YEAR AGO Maximum IR Minimum j2 Precipitation 1rarc Snowfall Uatc but General Douglas MacArfhur advjsed in a message not to take the risk The commander of the united nations forces has shown himself worthy of the character of the men he commands Stimson said He added that the desperate de fense of the Indies reflected great credit on all elements Stimson stressed the diffi culties of reinforcements not ably the vast transPacific dis tances and the necessity to ship fiffhfcr planes to he scene of action Ailpower he noted involves establishment of antiaircraft de fenses for bases air raid warning services and runways and other facilities to keep war planes in the air The Japanese Stimson said gained a great advantage by completing these preliminaries in IndoChina before the war started BOOSfolfPUT OF ALUMINUM War Production Board Reveals Program for Increasing Magnesium WASHINGTON war production board Thursday an nounced a twoway program to increase United States aluminum production 6400000000 pounds annually and nearly double pres ent production goals for mpg neshim The vast aluminum expansion program estimated to cost 000000 was found necessary to meet Prcsdent Roosevelt victory requirements of GOOOO fighting planes this yenr and 125000 1943 William L Bait WPB ma terials director old a press con ference The aluminum program alone designed to reach a production rate of 2100000000 pounds an nually in this country represents an approximate doubling of tiic prewar aluminum industry and equals the old increased produc tion goal of 610000000 pounds set recently Ball said the govern ment hoped that the peak produc tion now contemplated could be reached early in 1943 Nazi Subs Claim 7 Ships in Convoy Sunk have sunk seven 52000 tons from corted convoy in VICTORIES NEAR ISLAND OF JAVA But Japanese Press Southward as Zero Hour for Java Nears By ROGEK GREENE Associated Press War Editor American triumphs in the battle Java and the Philippines high lighted the far Pacific conflict Thursday while the grim drama of Burma moved toward a climax witlvHnngoon reported in flames anclTBritish imperial defenders fighting against heavy odds So far the British said there has been no evacuation of mili tary personnel from Rangoon the Burmese capital but It was apparent little hope was held out that the city to which the British had applied the torch could be saved In Calcutta 740 miles across the Bay of Bengal from Rangoon the steady approach of Japans in vasion hordes through the Burma gateway to India heightened prep arations for resistance Trenches were being dug in Calcuttas streets and 500 build ings in the teeming metropolis were taken over as airraid shel ters In the battle of the Dutch Indies united States submarines smash ing at Japans seaborne invaders were officially reported to have torpedoed two enemy troop trans ports an auxiliary shipand a freighter and Washington naval quarters predicted Japans ulti mate defeat at the present rate of sea losses A bulletin from Dutch East In ches headquarters announced the attacks occurred within the past 48 hours In addifioii a Japanese war sliip one of a squadron was listed as presumed hit The attacking United States subma rine was forced to dive before it could observe the effect of its torpedo Amid these allied counter punches the Japanese invaders appear to have overrun most lower Sumatra across the 15mile wide Sumla strait from Java and also advanced down the west coast of Dutch Borneo In the Philippines a bulletin from Gen Douglas MacArthurs headquarters reported that Ameri can and Filipino troops launched a surprise attack and hurled the Japanese back several kilometers on the Bataan peninsula A war department spokesman in Washington advised newsmen In make your own interpretation of the reversal inflicted on the There was no sugges tion however that reinforce ments may have anivcd On the other hand specula tion arose that heavy Japanese losses at sea mav have forced Japan la divert shipping from the Philippines to support her multipoinled attack against the Hutch East Indies thus leaving General Hommas armies with out adequate military supplies to execute the lonjrawailcd major offensive against General iHacArlhurs men The ncvblows to Japans sea power capped an official dis closure in Washington that since Dec 10 a total of 74 Japanese ships had been sunk seven more probably sunk and 33 damaged They cant keep these losses up over ji year with their build program n naval spokesman said adding that unless Japan could succeed in making this a quick and war she could Hot hope to win Despite fierce counterblows by allied planes warships and submarines official dispatches indicated that Japan was press ing her southward march of conquest with allout fury and hat zero hour was near in the battle for Java Dutch headquarters acknowl ships totaling a strongly es the Atlantic in a long running attack and seri ously damaged six other vessels the high command said Thursday Broad submarines reached the narrow Sunda strait Two large tankers were declared special communique o have been among the seven definitely rent lo the bottom and one tanker was listed craft directly across from Java An N E 1 communique said Dutch naval forces bombed Japa nese storage haven which for the Port of Telok Belong on a yards near Oost is the Dutch name bay nt Sumatras southern lip Sunda Mriil at that point is 50 miles wide r Japanese waiplancs roared over among the damaged Java itself ir he seventh Micce I sivc day of intensive attacks
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