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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 2, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMCNT HISTORY AN DCS MO I HE N c o OF A f C H I V E 5 I A VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNJTED PRESS FUU LEASED WIRES NIWSPAPIR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITYTlOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 2 1942 US SHIPS PLANES BLAST JAP BASES Jap Losses Costly in Attempts Batan Corregidor British Sink Barges Burma Red Rolls Forward University Gears A University Gears Into War Program PRESIDENT HANCHER Use Summer Months to Speed Courses EDITORS NOTE This is the first of three articles especially prepared for the Iowa Daily Pressassociation by the presi dents of Iowas three state sup ported institutions of higher B VIRGIL M HANCHER President of the University of Iowa IOWA CITY mo bilization in terms of meeting war needs had been extended to all constituent divisions of the Uni versity of Iowa last week The college of medicine and col lege of dentistry had provided for early graduation by jcararound operation and all the other col leges and departments had an nounced accelerated programs in addition to their regular sched ules In all cases utilization of the summer months provides the basis for this form of acceleration Coordination of curricula with all the needs of wartime emergency touches every course in every department Increased emphasis also is placed on a great many types of research Numerous members of he fac ulty are being called into active service and into technical ctm sultation These arc factors in redirection and adjustment as distinguished from chansc of tempo Earliest possible graduation in medicine and dentistry represented an immediate and pressing need in the national pattern The ac celerated program means that stu dents will cover in one calendar year what would require a year and a half of the normal academic schedule Similar needs apply to all branches of engineering At the beginning of the summer session on June 15 freshman engineers will be admitted under an acceler ated program which will permit them to get their degrees in three academic years and two summer sessions It is anticipated that one spent in camp as a part of their R O T C Reserve Officers Train ing Corps training The regular academic year pro gram beginning in September would be continued thus provid ing options according to the needs and circumstances of individual students This same choice of normal or accelerated programs applies Ihroueh the university except as already noted The military and physical education departments will be In full operation during the 12 weeks of summer ses sion All tile opportunities and facilities of a normal semester are provided For regular sum mer session students the usual term of eight weeks Is offered Mathematics and all divisions of science are typical areas of ad justment to wartime needs It isnt so much a matter of estab lishing new courses as it is a mat ter of applying our best teaching and research to government re quirements for effective conduct of the war We have some new ivlnPrevew SENATE PASSES Bomb Japs MANS KEEP Singapores Big Guns Shell FULllLEDGED to Given Preview of New Suits DES MOINES Fash ion has a forbidding eye cocked on what the welldressed man is wearing the Iowa Retail Clothiers association convention here was told Monday Mens coats will be shorter Fab rics are being compounded of sub stitutions for wool such as casein fiber developed from milk cot ton rayon reworked and reproc essed wools That extra pair of pants and the luxury vest with doublebreasted suits are going over the boatside for the duration Retail clothiers were urged by Wesson S Hertrais regional busi ness cons department of Washington D C to return home and adapt their busi ness to changing conditions You are in this fight too he said and youre in the fight to Mark Morris of Clinton presi dent of the Retail Clothiers associ ation gave the address ol wel come Monday afternoon PRAISES U S HEAVY BOMBERS Subcommittee Predicts America Jo HayeEdge Eventually inAircraft WASHINGTON house military affairs subcommittee re ported Monday that American heavy bombers arc the best in the world and predicted that even tually the United States would have the edge over all other countries in fighting craft of all types The subcommittee headed by Representative Dow W Hartcr D Ohio and esnecially as signed to the study of aviation problems reported its findings to the house after a survey dur ing which members visited offshore bases the Canal zone the big aviation plants on the west coast and other vital de fense areas It included among its recom mendations a proposal for acquir ing permanently for American military establishments those bases obtained from the British under 99year lease in exchange for overage destroyers Our planes being produced now the committee said are the equal in most types to those in production elsewhere and in certain categories particularly heavy bombers we unquestion ably lead the world Tractor Upsets on Hill Injures lowan SHENDOAH Marlyn Van ess 14 high school sophomore was in a hospital here Monday with a skull fracture and frac tured arm suffered when a tractor he was rdiving down a hill up set after racing out of control courses but in the main our effort is m the direction of reappraise mcnt of the content ot existing nurses The university is stressing high ly personalized student guidance with a view to most effective mus tering of talent training and skill Womens work in the war pro runs concurrently with the accelerated training for men We in educational institutions had cause to believe at the out break of war and before that Hie resources of education would have to be axed to the limit to meet the needs of war simply because the greatest need of modern warfare is highly trained and highly skilled manpower Now we know that to be a fact The tremendous need of such a highly trained manpower is ex panding daily The universities and colleges of the natfori have found their place They already have ac cepted the challenge of speed and efficiency and it now remains for the citizens of the nation to lake advantage of the enormous facili ties of education to meet that great national need Iowa Stale Colleges war program as outlined by President Charles E Friley 4 HUGE BILL TO INCREASE NAVY Overtoil Says Attacks on Jap Bases Only the Opening Gun WASHINGTON A S2G 495265474 naval appropriations bill largest measure of its kind ever to win approval of a legis lative body was passed by the senate Monday and returned to the house for action on amend men Is Increased more than 000000 over the total previously voted by the house the measure wouuld provide approximately 58000000000 for new airplanes and a like amount for ships in addition to 57000000000 maintaining the farflung for op erations ot the present fleet Funds would be made available in the bill to boost plane produc tion to the navys quota of 18000 out of the 00000 planes for which President Roosevelt this year has called The measure was passed on a voice vote two hours and five minutes after it wascalled urj VTTACKOiV JAP BASES ONfcY THE OPENING GUN Senator Overtoil DLa told the senate the fleet action against Japanese bases on the Marshall and Gilbert islands was only the opening gun of the American navy in the great battle in which we are now engaged speedy approval of the S2649536rJ7i naval approp riations bill Overtin asserted that the navy had proved it was on the alert by its smashing of Japanese installations on the midPacific islands The Louisiana senator floor manager for the bill said the senate appropriations committee had added more than 54000000 000 to the houseapproved figures for aviation This he said would provide for the construction of an additional 23354 planes in the next two years Rear Admiral John H Towers chief of the bureau of aeronautics previously had told the committee the bill would pro vide funds for the navy to reach a production rate of 18000 planes this year CANT GET 21 HOUR OUTPUT OX ARMS In testifying on the bill Sec retary of the Navy Knox said the navy was having trouble in get ting 24 hour production on arma ments because manufacturers could induce only about 10 per cent of their employes to work the early morning dog watch shifts Discussing the navys general policies Knox said that the mili tary situation with respect to both oceans was critical In testimony made public Monday on the 526495265471 naval supply bin Knox declared tliat the greatest bottleneck faced in the production pro gram was in lurninjt out air cfaft engines The navy would boost its production o 18000 planes yearly with funds pro vided in the measure There was every indication the bill would be sent to the presi dent before the weekend making 539000000000 appropriated and authorized in a month for the war program We are apparently getting the capacity for the bodies of planes faster than wo can get the en gines with which to equip them and we have got to expand tre mendously our engine production to keep up with this enlarged pro gram he testified The secretary said the navy was having a great deal of dif ficulty in finding competent men to keep the machines busy all of the while He said that roughly speaking about 60 per cent of the men employed by any one factory worked the day shift up until about 3 or 4 oclock in the afternoon Thirty per cent worked from then till midnight but only about 10 per cent of the total number of employes was at thu machines from midnight until the day shift came on again RANGOON planes sank a large number of Japa nese barges and blasted hundreds of Japanese troops in a low level attack on Japanese forces attempt ing to cross the Sahveen river bar rier northeast of Moulmein it was reported Monday The attack was directed against Japanese forces attempting to fol low up their occupation ot Moul mein by driving across the Sal weeu river in the opening phase of a march toward Rangoon It was reported here that a force of British Blenheim bomb ers carried out the attack with an escort of KAF fighters The attack was made Sunday The attack was described as a most successful action Hundreds ot Japanese dived into the water and swam tor their lives it was reported The Japanese attempted to at tack the British planes with ma chine gun fire but their guns were silenced by the Blenheims British planes were lost in the operation Evacuees from Moulmein re ported that an imperial rear guard held off the Japanese at tack until the evacuation of the city was completed BLUE CANDID ATE FOR STATE POST Seeks Nomination by Republicans for Iowa Lieutenant Governor DES MOINES Robert D Blue of Eagle Grove speaker of the Iowa house of representatives last session Monday announced his candidacy for the republican nomination for lieutenant gover nor in the June primaries He is the first candidate to an nounce for that nomination H is expected to be a freeforall eon test however Representative John R Irwin R for mer speaker State Senator De vere Watson R Council Bluffs and State Senator Hugh Lundy R Albia are other possible en tries Blue has been elected Wright county representative four times He served as G O P floor leader in the 47th and 48th general as semblies before he took the gavel in the 43th A Blue who served three terms as countv attorney prior to his Iccislalivc career said in times of war we cannot offord the luxury of rci lapc in sovcninicnt lie was a prime mover last session for the formation of the house effi ciency committee which sought to speed up the legislative pro cesses well as state governmental pro cedure and to the executive and judicial as well as the legislative branches GRIMLY DRIVING GERMANS BACK Beat Down Counter Attacks in Ukraine German Losses Heavy MOSCOW Marshal Sc meon Timoshenkos southern front army was reported Saturday knifing on through heavy mine fields and beating down German counter attacks in an onslaught back into the Ukraine in a GOmile wide wedge southwest oE Khar kov We havent slopped for a single hour said a dispatch from this area where the Rus sians already had thrust 55 miles over fields ot nazi dead V Names ot towns recaptured were kept secret as was the fate of German units hemmed in be hind the Russian drive but dis patches said that on one battle field 1200 jGermans were wiped out and SOO others were killed by bombing machinegunning Rus sian planes The Russians kept grimly to the adv rred by beli ef utha t they must not only regain lost ground but must deal the Ger man army a blow that will sap the power of iie nazi spring of fensive which the high command regards as sure to come Using only initials to represent towns Russian dispatches said the village of K had been won back under the red Hag on the Kalinin front and a village of N in an other sector of the northwestern front bad been recaptured in a drive by infantry and tanks Near Leningrad the Germans were said to have lost 1700 more men in operations over an un specified period Place names generally were omitted from the reports We arc not announcing the capture of a single village town or city until after we are sure the Germans know of its fall one Russian authority explained In this way their surrounded cuCup outflanked regiments are suffering from even more con fusion The midnight communique con forming with that policy merely said the Russian troops Sunday destroyed enemy centers of re sistance and continued their ad vance The communique however dd tell of a fight Saturday in which Russian infantry and tanks an nihilated the third infantry bat talion of the 4th SS Elite Guard regiment Many prisoners were taken The midday communique said offensive operations against the Germans continued throughout CriSeS 4U uji The sneaker hi rnfi t c nisllt and Ulat OI1C led army man officers and men in captur ing a village It also reported the of more than 100 German soldiers T1 t mure man iuu German soldiers sauwssar1 VULTU rt session Lieut Gov B B Hickenloopcr is Tal0 CjAA T expected to be a candidate for 1 13Ke JapS F Los Angeles Harbor LOS ANGELES UR rly 500 alien Japanese fishermen were removed forcibly from the vulnerable Los Angeles harbor area Monday in a surprise raid ROBERT L BLUE Lieutenant Governor ay n a surprse raid carried out by the federal bureau MINNESOTA SIowlv rising tcm of TICD of investigation The FBI assist ed by city and county authorities conducted the raid shortly after dawn on the huge Terminal island Japanese colony which is sur rounded by several great war in dustries and defense units INDICTED FOR PILLAGING VICHY Unoccupied France UP The newspaper ParisSoir said Monday 49 residents of the YEAR AGO village of Le Bel near Paris had been indicted for pillaging because they ale food stocks left behind in uwu L UUM IllU in locked freight cars by Die French army during its retreat in 1940 FOU CHINA WASHINGTON Roosevelt has asked congress lo YEAR AGO approve a 5500000000 loan for Maximum Minimum Sed onstrait AF and machine gun troops and columns moving southward British troops usinfr machine tuns and other small arms sank one of three small Japanese craft sighted off the island cruising in what apparently was the first enemy attempt to feel nut the strength of their new defensive positions It was admitted that Japanese Planes had caused casualties and damage in indiscriminate bomb ings of civilian areas of the island but a Singapore command com munique saicl military casualties were slight British guns of all caliber blast ed it the Japanese siege forces moving into tne tip of the penin sula m the Johore Bahru region In London a British military commentator said it was entirely possible that Singapores big coast defense to 18 inches in on caliber been turned UI Japanese mainland concentra tions It has been said frequently that the defenses were designed with the idea of repulsing attack only by sea with1 the heaviest guns all fixedly pointed away from the mainland The London commenta tor emphasized that Singapores defenses were predicated on the search for impregnability and so designers certainly would have taken into consideration the pos sibility of attack from the main land Reconnaissance planes reported Japanese troops pouring down the highways toward the tip to take up positions for the grim fight for the island Their main forces were takin positions at the Johore end of the causeway across the strait now broken by a 50 yard breach Mondays Singapore command communique said in full During Sunday our artillery was active against enemy move ment in the Johore Bahru area Three small craft were en gaged by small arms off the oMhe island One craft was sunk Air reports show considerable enemy movements on the main land Enemy air activity over Singapore has increased through out the last 21 hours Some dam age has been caused but military casualties are slight Thousands or British Aus tralian and Indian troops took iip defensive positions in newly dus fox holes facing the dyna mited causeway 60 feel wide and threequarters of a mile langr in readiness o meet an expected Japanese attempt to force a crossing Men of the Leicestershire ment the cast Surry regiment Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Occasional light snow with slowly rising tcmper nlurcs Monday afternoon and night IOWA Light snow Monday after noon and in cast and central portions Monday night some what warmer in cast and cen tral portions little change in temperatures in extreme portion Monday afternoon and night Lieut Gen A E Pcreival general officer in com mand of defense forces at lie sicffca Singapore declared Our task is to hold this fortress until Jielp can come the Royal regiment the Argyle and Sutherland Highlanders and lie Gordon Highlanders went into the lines along with such troops as those of the Manchester regi ment who had now arrived it is possible to reveal in a strong body of reinforcements Beside these British regulars were the hardened men of the Australian imperial force and the Indians who had fought their way down the peninsula from Thailand never in the long weeks iti equal number with the Japanese GOERING DUCE HOLD PARLEYS Berlin Reports German Air Force in Southern Italy Was BERLIN From German Broad Her mann Wilhclm Cocring has been iu Italy since last Tuesday amt has talked for seevral hours with Premier Mussolini it was an nounced officially Monday The announcement said Goer ing commanderiuchier of the German air force was in Rome except for three days from last Friday until Monday where be was inspecting units of the Ger man air force in southern Italy He returned to RPHIC Monday ISLES POSSIBLE Many Outlying Nippon Holdings Vulnerable to Sea and Air Attacks By CLYDE A FAKNSWORTH Associated Press War Editor A slashing sea and air attack by the United States on the midPa cific flank of Japans broad hop skipjump offensive raised Mon day the probability of a full fledged Aierican offensive in the enemys vulnerable island man dates timed to ease the siege of Singapore and check the pressure on the Dutch East Indies and Australia Warships and planes of the Pa cific fleet according to a Wash ington announcement have turned a storm of torpedoes bombs and shells on to six Japa nese air and naval bases in the Marshall and Gilbert islands in a surprise foray that destroyed or damaged many auxiliary vessels of the enemys fleet along with numerous planes and ground in stallations MACAKTHUR AGAIN REPELS ASSAULT Another Japanese s m a s which Tokio heralded as possibly the climactic drive in the battle of the ended in costly failure although the enemy used his best troops and new tac tics against General Douglas Mac Arthurs men a war department communique announced Monday This was the third triumph re corded by American forces in the Pacific in the last two days The Japanese had reported heavy gunfire alone the cast coast of Batan peninsula appar ently signalling a general offen sive hence this American suc cess may rank with the destruc tiou of an invasion flotilla aimed at Corregidor and the slashing sea and air attack on six Japa nese air and naval bases in the Pacific announced Sunday Two Japanese divisions were hurled simultaneously against the AmericanFilipino lines on the east and west sides of the penin sula the communique said On the west the South China sea shore Hie Japanese were driven back and destroyed cap Itircd or drowned On the east facmc Manila bay artillery fire broke lip a mass frontal attack before it got fully under way General MacArtlnir said picked troops known as Tatori made the attack courage which won I v I JiVJ I UJ1 his praise But he said at the end they were glad to surrender POSSIBLE INCREASING FLEET SEEX How much the United States Pacific fleet must step up its flank attacks to case the imminent threats to Singapore Java and Australia was a major question in secret Pacific strategy but all ti jnumiay JOUIJIL MitUCgy DUt all Tor further conversations the an s8ns were that the attempt wis anncjunccnirnl I f Goeriu dicatc a considerable probable inspection may inI official account of I tnc reinforce perature Monday afternoon and Monday night light snow Mon day night and extreme west por tion Monday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday Minimum Sunday night At 8 a m Monday Maximum The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum in night At 8 a m Sunday 14 8 12 33 13 18 4 Ifi IS 19 mem of German air units in the Mediterranean area The with drawal ot such units from south ern Italy was announced several mouths ago while the Russian drive was at its height and before the British began their Libyan offensive Nov IS War Time WASHINGTON w h c n clocks are moved ahead an hour Februarys 9 they are going to op erate on war time That is the name picked by President Roosevelt for the new daylight having time fay congress as a means of conserving power for defense operations The white house said Monday that railroads government agen cies and industries had been in GilbertMarshall attack said that United States aircraft car riers cruisers and destroyers made up the raiding force and claimed that II American planes were shot down The Washington com munique already had acknowl edged that many planes were lost The Japanese belittled the re sults of the attack dcclarinc that he only damage suffered was to a small Japanese auxil iary vessel and claimed the fir ing of a V S cruiser and dam afc to other ships Washington admitted minor damage to only I wo American ships from near misses of Japanese bombers In the Philippines Domei Jap ancsc news agency was the au thority for a report hat terrific gunfire had flared along the east coast of Batan peninsula suggest velt thought war time would do because it offered an accurate clc mountains That the Pacific ficet might havr been stalking bigger game than it
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