Tuesday, January 27, 1942

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 27, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COVP CEPJfirMEMT OF H i r r o A 11 o ARCHIVES 0 E S U 0 t N j I A VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES THE NtWSPAPIR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JANUARY 27 1942 Tins PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE HURCHILL MORE YANKS TO ARRIVE Macassar Strait Fight CENES AS U S ARE DESCRIBED Many Did Not Know Where They Were But Guessed Ireland By EDWARD W BEATTIE AT A NORTHERN IRISH POUT in a bleak northern dawn American and British officers and officials watcheda newly arrived fleet wallowing at anchor in the mist Monday morning The big ships looked mysteri ous until it got lighter and they were silhouetted against the sky We focussed our field glasses on them and we saw movement and we knew hat the first American expeditionary force of the second World war ivas about lo come ashore Police boats began patrolling up and down A fog horn blew dis mally Along the coastal road masked automobile headlights twinkled like fireflies British troops stood at ease on the docks some of them mannin antiaircraft guns The roar of an airplane motor broke the stillness and everybody looked up wondering for a mo ment if it was a German plane Its a Spitfire someone said The band of the Royal Ulster Rifles began tuning up We are glad the Americans are coming a British officer said ij WITH THE AEP IN NORTH IRELAND Iowa corn song accompanied the first con tingent of a new American ex peditionary force landed at a North Ireland port A few of the men off in a corner of the shed started singing a must have sounded strange to some was the Iowa Corn Song an NBC an nouncer describing the scene said m part as U S troops disem barked here Private Henry Zinner of Du buque Iowa said well Im finally here now the announcer con tinued A group of 22 year old Iowa youths in the landing party gave their names as OrJand Griffin Ce dar Hapicls George Marquart Cedar Falls and Eugene Pether am Hampton What are we going lo do about cigarets they asked Whats all this stuff about rationing ham and eggs At Washington officials said that when Major General Russell P Hartle took command of the 34th division last August 19 it was composed largely of troops from Iowa Minnesota North Dakota and South Dakota and was a na t wiu it another said The American flag fluttered above ax shed beside a British flag Stevedoresbegan edging up to the dockside o had taken on its first load troops Then the Americans started pouring off on a bleak freight shed decorated or the occa sion with the set naval flags and a couple of dollars of hunting ivhich someone had been able to get in time Maj Gen Russell Hartle com mander in chief came first then First Class Private Milburn Henke of Hutchinson Minn Two by two the troops came down the gangplank The band played God Save the King then the Stars and Stripes Forever then the Star Spangled Banner timed to begin as Hartle reached the dock They were men from Iowa and Minnesota and the middle west fenerally from North Carolina Iichigan Florida Louisiana New York There were mcr of Scan dinavian French German Irish blood and at least one Sioux In dian Many of the men did not know where they were though they had generally guessed it was Ireland The men waiting on the decks started Most conspic uous among them was a grant staff sergeant who fondled a Garand rifle on the forward declc They talked quietly or were silent A few grinned a few one cocked his tin hat over his jar and brandished his rifle Before General Hartle left the boat he shook hands across a foot of water with a few of the offi cers on the dock The music stopped for a mo ment and the first comment audible from the disembarka tion boat was good old land Someone else made a remark the only word of which audible to those on ihe dock was limeys v js j As General Harlle stepped ashore to the Star Spangled Banner with Private Henkc right behind him the men on the dock snapped to the salute for the national an them Everyone on n the rnented later as they marched through the streets tool mess kit canteen bayonet and large blue duffel bag The Americans formed in line One carried a guitar The others were noticeable for their Spring field rifles their Garand rifles and their light machine guns They marched off in companief Dchind the band People in the Corn Song Is division or any part of it was included in the expedi tionary force reaching Northern Ireland under Major General Hartles command was withheld by the terms of the war depart ments terse communique Fotfor Served WorldWarl WATERLOO S B Marquart farmer living north of Waterloo heard that his son land he said 1 hope they do a better job than we did in the last so we wont have to fight this one over again The father served in the 219th signal battalion in the last war The mother was re lieved to know he crossed the wa ter safely Hampton Parents Proud of Son and Mrs Earl J Petheram are proud of their son Eugene who is reported to be among American troops landed in North Ireland We know some one has to sacrifice to win this I said Mrs Petheram Eugene whose parents live on farm nine miles northwest of ampton enlisted at Cedar Falls March 1941 He was a sopho more at Iowa State Teachers college when he enlisted Having gained experience in a Cedar Falls cafe Eugene has earned a specialists rating as an army cook He to his mother dissatisfied with his placement because it doesnt af ford an outlet for his unusually strong ambitions He wants to get to the top declared Mrs Petheram She explained that he was closely attached lo the fam ily and had written often Sunday Jan 11 Eugene phoned his family from an army em barkation point on the east coast telling them he was about to ae part for an unknown destination ihey have received no word from him since he boarded the ship stopped suddenly lo stare irls in the windows Some of the troops started marchinjf down he right hand side of the street ontil the Brit ish sergeants acting as guides smilingly told them it was left hand traffic in this country lea the free and Lhe troops as they with no exaggerated svinging of arms with rifles slung on shoulders and with rubber of the noisy British tiv Athe but to those who saw seemed a symbol of tremendous force which one day was destined make the British Isles the rally Vyie n me 10 make the British tslpc tho rriu gFVZX USSub Torpedoes Jap Carrier t V r i REDS THRUST AT SMOLENSK British Imperials in North Africa Stiffen Against Axis Drive By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Russias t ri iinph a iVt armies pressed a seriesof deadly flank ing thrusts Tuesday against Adolf Hi tiersheadquarters at Smolensk 210 miles west of Moscow and ad vanced through a howling blizzard to threaten the German winter line anchor at Vehkie Luki only BO miles from the Latvian frontier Front line dispatches said the recapture of German held Bzhev l0v miles northwest of Moscow was expected any minute ana that heavy soviet pressure was be ing exerted against Orel 200 southwest of Moscow and against Belgorod at the north end of the Donets river industrial basin BRITISH STIFFEN AGAINST AXIS IN NORTH AFRICA On the North African front British headquarters indicated that imperial desert fighters had stiff ened against the counter offensive of Gen Edwin Rommels axis arm ies after falling back 80 miles northeast of Agedabia Battleship of Japs Is Thought Sunk BATAVfA N E I other heavy Japanese war vessel believed to be a battleship was added to the toll of the enemys disastrous effort lo run the Straits of Macassar in a recapitulation by the Dutch Tuesday By now it has become clear informed observers told Anela the Netherlands Indies news agency that the heavy blows struck at the enemy have certainly upset Ins timetable and perhaps his fu ture strategy Tokio will now realize how great are the risks of naval opera tions in this archipelago and may consider it necessary to revise its was no indication of tne original size of the convoy but observers expressed belief that the Japanese must have lost a con siderable part ot their effective strength The box score of Japanese craft w sunk or crippled showed By Dutch By tl S Total 2 II 7 10 17 8 5 13 A tabulation in Washington showed a joint AmericanDutch toll of 34 Japanese as outhli IS FINED S200 BLUFFS P Charged with Interstate transpor tation of hogs infected with cholera Roy E McCuc Little bioux Iowa farmer Tuesday was fined S200 and costs Federal Judge Dewey Americans Dominate News on Far Flung Fronts of World Critical Battle for Malaya Rages With Heightening Fury By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor battle forces domin a ted th er on lung Wat fronts Tuesday as Britons wildly cheered the arrival of a second AEF vanguard in northern Ireland half way around Ihe world S planes ami submarines led at the remnants of a once ar Pressing home Japans first ma jor defeat in the sevenweeks old American and Dutch already had sunk or dam aged 34 Japanese warships and troop transports in the shark infested Strait of Macassar The running battle continued into its fifth day Tuesday In addition dispatches from Balavia said another iicavy Jap anese warship believed to be a battleship was sunk in Ma cassar strait Imperial Tokio headquarters acknowledged that four Japanese transports were lost in a battle last Friday during landing opera tions at Balik Papan rich oil cen ter on the cast coast of Dutch Borneo facing Macassar strait A Tokio bulletin said Japanese warships escorting the transports clashed with allied destroyers submarines andViircrafl and sank one of the attacking submarines The Dutch already had de stroyed the Balik Papan oil fields in pursuance of a scorched earth policy v On the Malayan front Ihe critical battle for Singapore raged with heightening fury as Japanese troops scored a 12mile advance on the west coast and bitter fiplifine developed at only 48 miles north of Singapore Frontline dispatches said the key rail and highway town of Kluang 50 miles above Singapore had apparently fallen The British acknowledged fighting south of there Balancing reverses in Malaya the arrival of American the United Kingdom and official disclosure that United States bombers would join the RAF in blasting Germany brightened the outlook for the united nations In England the cry spread like The Yanks are here Immediately the British radio laid the heaviest propaganda barrage of the war broadcasting in a multitude of languages that American troops had landed and emphasizing that the United States sent approximately 2000 000 men across the Atlantic dur ing World war I This time the broadcasts said Spectators Jammed the streets as the froops marched out of he dockyard after a brief official greeting swinging along with full battle kit to the strains of Marching Through Georgia The contingent commanded by Major General Rujscll p Harlle was described officially as com bat troops several thousand strong On the American home front a German communique asserted that nazi Uboats preying on ships oft the United States and Canadian coasts had sunk 12 more merchant vessels totalling 103000 viously a propaganda exaggera tion appearance off Atlantic our Uboats have sunk 30 enemy merchant ships aggregating 228 000 tons a special bulletin from Adolf H i 11 e rs headquarters boasted Actually only seven ships have been reported attacked in U S waters Other swiftbreaking develop ments included 1 In the Philippines a Tokio broadcast asserted without con firmation elsewhere thaUJapan ese troops had captured Balaiwa chief town on the cast coast of Batan peninsula facing Manila 3 In the Dutch East Indies the N E I command acknowledged liiat Japanese seaborne trooys had apparently succeeded in oc cupying new points in southeast Celebes island in he Kendari sec tion 3 On the Malayan front Brit ish headquarters reported that Japans invasion hordes had ef fected another landing near En dau on the east coast 80 miles north of Singapore A British bulletin said the land ing was executed despite heavy assault by RAF bombers scored a direct hit on a Japanese cruiser and 12 direct hits on trooo laden transports In Singapore itself RAF fight ing planes battled Japanese bomb er formations in prolonged aciion over the S400000000 island strong hold Tuesday morning Bombs fell on several districts and a few fires were started 5 Imperial Tokio headquarters said 50 British planes were shot doun in air battles m which RAF bombers and torpe do planes attacked Japanese trans ports off Endau 10 shot down over Rangoon Burma and one at Singapore 6 A Tokio broadcast said Jap anese forces were advancing ac cording to plan upon Moulmcin across the bay from Rangoon but terrific resistance BUY PUPILS STAMPS STORM LAKE flThe Ki wams club here has voted to buv a defense stamp for every ele mentary school pupil in he cilv Each of the more than 600 students will receive a stamp book and 10 cent stamp officials said 1 Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not much change n temperature Tuesday atter noon and Tuesday night IOWA No decided change m temperature Tuesday atternoon and Tuesday night MINNESOTA No decided change in temperature Tuesday after noon and Tuesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 29 Minimum Monday night 2H At 8 a m Tuesday 24 YEAR AGO Maximum 23 Minimum 2 Precipitation Trace US AND DUTCH STILL BLAST AT INVASION FLEET Alert for Opportunity to Capitalize on Foes Loss of Aerial Eyes WASHINGTON n U e d States air and sea forces pressed elentlessly after a savagely bat tered Japanese invasion fleet Tuesday alert for the first opportunity to capitalize on the foes loss of his aerial eyes The nowhistoric running battle in Macassar strait was continuing it was learned reliably although the navy department here was silent on the details of operations as the action moved into its fifth day The Dutch and American at tackers already had 11 enemy ships to their credit as certain sinkings at least a half dozen probables plus 17 more badly punished And this smashing score nas officially described as conservative f i It was now evident moreover that the allies bad acquired two new advantages in their methodi cal seaandsky campaign of war ship and transport destruction in the straits sharkinfested waters The torpedo of an American submarine deprived the enemy of the only aircraft carrier believed operating with the once huge in vasion armada The navy Monday nightlisted thecarrier as prob ablyy sunk were kept afloat somehbwi her MJsablec condition would immobilize her remaining planes both for offen sive and vital scouting missions The second advantage arose from the allied success in drasti cally reducing the speed of the originally slow moving enemy armada Merciless pounding lias crippled numbers of its vessels and a convoy is tied to the speed of the hardest hit H sacrifices its casualties The Japanese convoy already lias spent more than four full days trying to negotiate tlic dis astrous 414 miles of the Macas sar fact that speaks volumes And Hie stower a con voys pace the easier prcv its ships make for faststriking warships and bombers or lurk ing submarines To multiply the difficulties of the enemy January and Februar are the worst weather months ii the strait with rain heavy squall and rough seas making navigatioi particularly hazardous for ship ping The torpedoing ot the Japanese air carrier was the first positive evidence that the united nations had submarines operating in the strait but observers here had sus pected their presence as soon as the Macassar sea engagement as sumed major proportions They thought it likely that the allied high command in the south Pacific would have its pigboats in po sition in case the Japanese sought to rush heavy naval reinforce ments to the rescue of the luck less convoy The navy department com munique did not identify Ihe type carrier which the V S submarine torpedoed The Jap anese carriers are relatively small compared with the larger American ships In that category They range from 7100 to 26 900 tons with the smaller ones carrying about 30 planes and the larger ones between 50 and 60 Japan was credited with eight carriers in authori ties say the start of the war and two under construction The U S strength then was seven built and 11 building The prob able sinking of the escorting car rier therefore served a double purpose It reduced the temporary Japanese numerical edge in this warship category and it also weakened further the naval strength available for protecting the badly mauled convoy fleet WHISKY SHIPMENT LOST BOSTON than 50 000 cases ot Scotch whisky des tined for New York and Boston dealers were lost in the Atlantic recently when a freighter was sunk while enroute from Glasgow it was reported Tuesday us Motor W A S H I N G T O N American pursuit planes shot down two Japanese dive bombers and disabled a third in the Philip ine islands in the last 24 hours In a communique telling of this the ivar department said General Douglas MacArthur also reported that two of his motor torpedo boats engaged a forma tion of enemy dive bombers hitting three of them which vhen last seen by the Americans were smoking and losing alti tude rapidly At the same time the depart ment announced that Major Gen eral James E Chancy ranking army member of the American military mission in London had taken over command of all United States army forces in the United Kingdom This includes the force whose arrival in northern Ireland Monday under Major General Russell P Hartle already has been announced The text of the communique based on reports received here up to a m Eastern Standard Time 1 Philippine theater There was practically no ground fighting on the Batan pen insula during the past 24 hours Two of General MatArthurs P40 airplanes engaged iu a thrill ing encounter with three Japanese dive bombers of the enemy planes were shot down and the third disabled Neither of our planes was injured General MacArthur also re ported an unusual combat which occurred twodaysago between two of his motor torpedo boats and a formation of enemy dive bombers When the officers com manding the torpedo boats ob served two waves of enemy bomb ers approaching they might easily have sought cover Instead they increased their speed placing themselves directly in line of flight of the second wave and engaged the planes The fire from the boats dispersed the hostile air craft Three enemy planes were hit and when last observed were smokingand losing altitude rapid ly Officers and men of these boat cited by General MacArthu for gallantry 2 United Kingdom Major General James E Chan cy who has been stationed in Lon don for some lime and staff under Brigadier General Charles L Bolte as chief of staff has been formed for several months has taken over command of all U S army forces in the United Kingdom 3 There is nothing to report from other areas Buy your defense savings stamps i your GlobeGazette carrier or at he GG business office i AUSSIES BOMB JAPS AT RABAUL Forces Resisting Nippon Reported lo Be Weil Equipped Stocked MELBOURNE UP Militia men given leave to harvest crops were called back to their units Tuesday under gsneral mobiliza tion as planes of the Royal Aus tralian Air Force bpmbcd a Japa nese invasion fleet at Kabau harbor Bismarck islands setting fire to two ships and apparently hitting another It was said on good authority that the Australian forces resist ing the Japanese in the Rabaul area were wellequipped Their feedstocks it was believed would enable them to hold positions in the dense junglecovered hills for a considerable time perhaps months despite the numerical su periority of the enemy The jungle it was explained of fered excellent protection against Japanese planes since attempts to bomb the Australian troops con cealed there would have to be blind JAP TRUCKS ARE MACHINE GUNNED RANGOON Burma Brit ish bombers with fighter plane es cort have raids on Japanese troops on the Kawka on reikMyawaddi Moulmein and lines ol trucks night Road cast fr machinegunned an RAF com SAYS AID TO BRITISH ON MALAYAN LINES British Prime Minister Pictures Growing Might of Allies Asks Vote LONDON Minister Churchill presented Britain with i picture of growing allied might nid unity Tuesday and demanded hat parliament vote confidence n his government Against his frank admission hat bad news has come from the ocean battlefront he told lie house of commons United States troops which lave landed in northern Ireland are only the vanguard of more o come United States fighter planes will help defend Britain against lir asbault United States bombers wilt join the RAF in bombing Germany C o u s i derable reinforcements lave reached the Malayan front in the past week We are taking many measures with the United States to increase Ihe security of Australia and New Zealand sending reinforcements arms and equipment by the best routes It is because I see the light gleaming behind the clouds and broadening upon our path he said at the end of his candid re port of the good and evil in Britains war fortunes that I Jnakesp a Tdeclara tion of conf house of commons as an addi tional weapon in Ihe armory ot the united nations At the close of the war leaders speech the house ot commons began debate on Britains war di rection which Churchill will wind I with a brief concluding speech this week The thunderous cheers hat Erected his one hour and 24 minute accounting efi no doubt how the house of commons will vote when it finally puts the question of confidence to a test I 1111 the man that parliament and the nation have got to blame for the general way iu which tiicy wlic fgrvcd tlc prime minister told the house nf commons in a voice made husky by a ieavy cold as he summed up Britains war fortunes in his first review since visiting the United States And he added cannot serve them effectively unless in spite of all lhat has gone wrong and is going to go wrong I have their trust and their faithful aid However not all that Churchill reported was of British reverses or of dark prospects for the future In Libya he said an imperial miy outnumbered twotoone by Genera Envin Rommels German Italian forces has rewon Circnaica It has lost 18000 men killed wounded or captured he disclosed but he declared that more than three times that high ly profitable been lost by the axis He totalled their casualties at 61000 Now he added Britains job is lo hold reconquered Cirenaica He called Britains munitions output gVanlie with tank production doubled in the last six months and small arms out put more than doubled Britains volume of planes is steadily rising he said and thcv are larger and better In the galleries of the crowded house as the prime minister spoke were U S ambassador John Win ant soviet ambassador Ivan Mai sky and the high commissioner of Eire J w Dulanty Bidding for a show of British unanimity the prime minister told the house that when Rudolf Hess No 2 deputy ot Adolf Hit ler flew over here some months ago he firmly believed he had only to gain access to certain circles in this country for what he described as the Churchill clique to be thrown out of power and for a government to be set up with which Hitler could negotiate a magnanimous peace That may seem silly lo us but it is mischievous abroad and I am sure the house would wish to make its position clear the prime mii ister went on Since I have been back in his country I have had inquiries from a dozen governments based on enemy propaganda turning upon the point as to whether the government is to be dismissed from power or not Churchill dwelt at Icnftlh on ihe achievements of soviet Rus