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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 8, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION VOL XLVII1 ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPV THE NtWSPAPIR THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 8 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 77 SETUP NEW MALAYA DEFENSE LINE Defenders of Philippines Brace to Meet Large Scale Attack LINES IN WHICH NAZIS TRIED TO DIG IN PIERCED Camouflaged Dugouts Heated by Stoves Are Captured by Russians By THE ASSOCIATED PBESS More good news came from the soviet battlefront with Russias armies officially reported Thurs day to have advanced within 40 miles of the VyazmaBryansk line on which the Germans had been expected to attempt to dig in for the winter Soviet dispatches said Russian troopshad driven wedges more than halfway through uazi de fenses on the central front rans ing as deep as four and onehalf miles including a system of camouflaged dugouts heated by stoves and covered with six or seven tiers of loss The dispatches did not say whether these were outposts or part of the main German defenses but certainly indicated that Ihe invaders expected a long winters stay In London Lord Privy Seal Clement R Attlee who serves as Prime Minister Churchills deputy told parliament that the initiative definitely has passed over to the Russians and he added hardly even the pretense of the German high command that all these retreats are in accordance withrplansarid these frantic ap peals for warm clothing show more clearly thananything else thattherehas been a complete upset of Hitlers In this connection London newspaper reports said machine gun posts were being set up at strategic points in Berlin manned by Hitlers own SS elite guard troops as a pre caution against a coup detat but a British foreign office spokes man warned that reports of a possible internal upheaval in Germany should be treated with reserve On the soviet front the German high command acknowledged con tinuing Russian attacks in the cen tral Moscow and northern Len ingrad sectors and said German bombers attacked docks and ship ping at Feodosiya which the Rus sians have recaptured and were apparently using as a main base in the Crimean counteroffen sive The British radio quoted re ports that the Russians had landed at many new points supported by soviet warships while a Moscow radio broadcast declared that the longbesieged red garrison at Se vastopol had taken the offensive On the Moscow front Russian troops were reported to have driv en deep into the southern flank of the nazi spearhead at Mozhaisk 57 miles west of the soviet capital after recapturing Meshchovslc 40 miles southwest of Kaluga Dispatches from the Lenin grad front old of fierce fight ing around recaptured THshvin 110 miles southeast of Leningrad Russian forces there were re ported in battle with Germans who had been routed from the approaches lo Tikhvin and Volkhovo 80 miles to the south west Russians said he Germanshad lost 12000 men on one unidenti fied sector alone in December Finnish spokesmen denied last night persistent reports that Fin land was ready to make a separate peace with Russia Following official soviet charges of deliberate German brutality in occupied Russian and Polish ter ritory there was a BBC announce ment of a meeting of representa lives of all Allied powers to be held in London next week to catalogue German crimes throughout occupied Europe 60 of Distilleries Ordered to Produce Industrial Alcohol WASHINGTON gov ernment Thursday ordered ap proximately 60 per cent of the na tions distilleries to turn their available facilities into production of industrial alcohol FACES 10 YEAR TERM LITTLE FALLS Minn Tneodorc Grest 41 who led a 16 year old slayer in a jailbreak here Thursday faced 10 years tn Me imprisonment for first decree robbery What U S Plants Will Produce 194245000 1943175000 AIRPLANES 1943125000 h i toldassembled legislators in Washington and the nation by radio7 that he had directed immediate steps be taken to increase United States production of airplanes so that 60000 will be turned out in 1942 and 125000 in 1948that 45000 tanks will be assembled m 1942 and 75000 next yearthat antiaircraft guns will leave 5000 in 1943 and thaf merchant ship tonnage will total 1342 this to be increased to 10000000 next year These figures said the at Pea HarborVe Japanese ald alis a Iittlc dea Just what they accomplished Congress Gives RightofWay to Appropriations for War No I Item Is Funds for Production of 60000 Warplanes WASHINGTON willing congress gave Ihe rightofway Thursday to war appropriations with the No 1 item funds for the production of the 60000 planes President Roosevelt called tor this year Official Washington Iiad not the slightest doubt that the sen ate and house al most unanimously would ap prove all of the presidents mili tary naval and teasetend re quests which total 56 billion dollars for the next fiscal year But to guard against waste Sen ator Truman D Mo proposed lhat the senate defense investigate ing commitlee be assigned the lask of watchman over the gigantic armament program with a S100 000 budget to finance the job The man from the showme state said he was confident that the 10member committee oper ating with a full staff could pre vent extravagances ferret out in efficiency and guard against a repetition of mistakes previously made in getting the defense pro gram into high gear K Looking toward tlic actual approprialions which will start he vastly cnlarRCrt program go ing Chairman Cannon D Mo said his house appropriations subcommillcc would start hcarl ngs Saturday on an unprece dented sum for combat planes such as divebombers and pur suit craft The exact amount of the request has not yet been de termined Cannon said that the witness would include LieutcnantGencral H H Arnold deputy chief of the war department staff for air that the hearings would be unusually brief and that the testimony made public would be quite skeletonized Once that bill is sent to the house for consideration the com mittee will turn to budget esti mates for the 45000 anks and 20 000 antiaircraft guns recom mended by the president for this year Other subcommittees started work weeks ago on regularan nual supply bills for the trcasiirv and posloffice departments the score or more of independent agencies of the government Meanuhile wars and means committee members studied President Roosevelts budget message with particular atten tion to his broadlyphrased re tjucst for 57000000000 in new axes to help finance the war and another in social security levies Obviously awed by the magni tude of the tax program some lawmakers asked each other how existing revenue sources such as individual and corporation in comes could made to bcar much stitfer laxcs and what new levies would prove practicable Ycl they all agreed with Repre sentative Doughton DN Car thai we will raise all the money we can without of course turn ing the tree up by Ihe roots Some commitleemen said that the total revenue requested by the president was so large lhat a general sales lax might have to be imposed as a last resort Although not on the committee one highly placed friend of the adminislra lion said that looks like the only way to do it 90 Who Deserted Army Returned at Start of War JEFFERSON BARRACKS MD the strangest side lights of the war is this one Since the Jap bombs fell on Pearl Harbor 90 men who had deserted the army at various camps around the country have surrendered at the gates of this reservation or to mililary police in St Louis Capt F H Lewis re ported most of them went over the hill because they were bored with peace time mililary routine They included one who built up a S20000 a year business since he took French leave some years ago and another who earned S100 a week as a construction supervisor They say the captain related they want to do their duty now SUCCESSOR TO IOWAX CHICAGO M Wicht of Bridgeport Conn succeeded W Ncal Gallagher of Newton as president of the American Washer and froncr Manufacturers asso cialion in an election at Ihe organ izations armual meeting Wednes day Galjrtghcr was chosen execu tive iectctarylrcasurer Warmer But Far From Hot Is Prediction DKS MOINES Thursday afternoon and Thursday night That was the welcome informa tion Thursday from the weather man who for the last six days has alkecl only fair and continued old Its going to be 10 or 15 de grees warmer he said However dont get he idea it itill wont be cold All readings in northern Iowa Thursday night arc expected again to dip below the zero mark But there wont be the weatherman declares any of Ihofc 20 below marks which have prevailed for a week Lowest mark reported lo the weather bureau for the last 24 hours was belnw at Ames and Iowa City and temperatures failed to get above zero at any point in the state Wednesday An even zero reading at Sioux City was tops for the day Other low readings Wednesday nighl included Charles City 21 Cedar Rapids 18 Story City 18 Dubuque and Fort Dodge 17 Mason City 19 City 15 Des Moines 13 Burlington 13 and Davenport l F R HITS FARM BLOCS DEMANDS Roosevelt Against Veto Power by Wickard on Fixing of Prices WASHINGTON fP President Roosevelt stepped into a senate dispute Thursday by sending ad ministration leaders a letter op posing demands of the farm bloc that the secretary of agriculture have veto power over the fixing of farm prices The letter was to be presented later Thursday by cither Demo cratic Leader Barkley Ky or Senator Brown DMich floor manager for the legislation They have been buttling de mands by the farm bloc led bv Senator Bankhcad DAla that the secretary of agriculture have Ihe final say on any farm price ceilings fixed by the price admin istrator whose office is created by the bill Senators on both sides of the dispute said that the administra tor was bringing unusual pressure in support of single authority over all price controls Senate administralion leaders called on a republican Senator Tart of Ohio to help them in the maneuvering Blackouts in Three Mississippi River Towns Are Success SAVANNA III op erations continued uninterrupted at ihe armys ordnance depot three nearby Mississippi river val ley and Hanover 111 and Sabula Iowa staged si multaneous 15 minute blackouts Wednesday night which were termed a success Mayor R E Law of Savanna head of the local defense organiza tion said the entire city cooper ated in making the blackout a success while similar reports were received from Hanover 14 miles north of here and from Sabula just across the river representatives from nearby Rock Falls Fulton Morrison Rockford Free port Mt Carroll and Thomson 111 and Clinton the blackout Bcfcnse Savings Stamps for sale at GlnhcGazclte business office Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Partly cloudy with rising temperatures Thursday afternoon and Thursday night temperature 5 degree below zero IOWA Considerable high cloudi ness and warmer Thursday af ternoon and Thursday night Wind 1520 M P H MINNESOTA Partly cloudy to cloudy warmer Thursday aflor noon and south portion Thurs day nighl lowest temperature Thursday night 2 to 8 above south and zero lo 5 below north portion Wind 1525 M P II IN7 MASON CITY ClobeGazclte weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 9 below Minimum Wcd night 19 below At 8 a m Thursday 13 below At 2 p m Thursday 7 above For Ihe firsl time since Jan 1 the mercury Thursday crossed the 0 mark and climbed into plus ter ritory The minimum temperatures of 27 below recorded Sunday and Wednesday mornings were the coldest in Mason City since the memorable eold wave of 1036 when 30 below was recorded on Jan 22 YEAR AGO Maximum 3n Minimum 25 Precipitation trace AXIS REMNANTS MAKE RETREAT IN TRIPOLIANIA Rommel Abandons Last Hold on Cyrenaica May Still Be Cut Off CAIRO troops pursued the main axis north Afri can forces Thursday aflcr Gen Erwin Rommel abandoned his last hold in Cyrenaica and under cover of a dense sandstorm re treated into Tripolitania leaving rear guards and mine fields to protect his withdrawal Rommel his Afrika Korps and tattered remnants of a defeated Kalian army were moving from Agedabia ftO miles south of Ben gasi into territory already pene trated by British imperials Brit ish general headquarters for the middle east said in communi que The withdrawal of the troops started the British on the second lap of a drive which it was hoped would carry them through to the Tunisian bnrilcr before Rommel ajrain can make a stand Coldstream and Scots guards led the pursuing forces Military experts believed that even more important than Rom mels abandonment his Age dabia position was the fact thnt the British again had the main axis forces on the move afford ing an opportunity if sufficient pressure is laintaincd to keep the battle flowing westwafd Hommel now was regarded as facing the necessity of attempting an evacuation by sea standing at bay for a final battle or nr at tempting to flee from Trinolitauia into Tunisia with or without the permission of Ihe Vichy govern ment f V British imperials already are operating in Tripolitania in the nadi of Rommels retreat ami Scots and Coldslrcam jruards have made contact with Hie cu cmy south of Agcclatya The strength of the imperials operating in the line of Rommels retreat was not known precisely but British armored columns are known lo have penetrated Tripol ilanin MacArthur Personally Leads Troops WASHINGTON war department said Thursday de fenders of the Philippines were bracing themselves for a general large scale general attack by the Japanese invaders V Gen Douglas MacAriliur far east commander personally tli rectiinr the fijrhling men drawn together north and west of Manila hay reported that morale and determination of the United Slates and Filipino troops was high and declared they will continue their resistance with skill and courage There was fighting of varying intensity on all sections of the Luzon front the war department aid but the lack of enemy botnb ing and aerial machine sunning recently indicated the Japanese probably were drawing up their strength for a vital blow The text of Ihe morning com munique No 51 based oi reports received here up lo a in eastern standard lime I about x y 1 Philippine theater Fighting of varying intensity is reported from all sections of the front These operations arc probably pre paratory to a large scale general attack by the enemy Japanese reinforcements are being brought up to the front and indications point to a renewal of the offensive by the enemy General MacArthur reports that the morale and de termination of the American and Philippine troops are high and that they may be counted on lo continue their resistance with skill and courage For he first time in several days there were no enemy ail attacks on the fortifications of Manila bay Enemy air activity was confined to reconnaissance Trousers in Snowbank Probed Man Found DES MOINES in vestigated what appeared to be only a pair of trousers on top f a snowbank near the railroad tracks and fount fames H Kephart 45 who said he had no home lie was lakcn lo a hospital where hts feet and cars were reported fro7cn Bntisb Bombers Cause Huge Fires in Bangkok Japs Say Damage Small RANGOON Burma Royal Air Force attacked military objectives in Bangkok Thailand Wednesday causing huge fires Ihe British announced Thursday A Domci dispatch from Bang kok broadcast by the Tokio radio said the raid took place early Thursday It reported several civilians were killed but said dam age was light Dome pointed out that this was the first air raid on Bangkok since the outbreak of the war in the Pacific Flyers returning from the raid were able to see for many miles the flames caused by their bombs All of the raiders whose num ber was not disclosed were stated to have returned safely Rangoon is only 375 miles air line from Bangkok Where Japs May Strike Next 2 fronl thralls were n Ic Dulch A BRITISH FORCED TO FALL BACK TO NEW FRONT English Appear to Have Lost Air Superiority Are Attacked by Planes By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS British jungle fighters ing the road to Singapore were forced to execute a new with drawal Thursday south of the Slim river in northwest Malaya as Japans invasion hordes struck down the peninsula with peak fury in a drive aimed at Kuala Lumpur The Slim river a tributary oE the Bernam river dividing Pcrak and Selangor provinces is 50 miles north of Kuala Lumpur Malayas second city 240 miles from Singa pore British far casl headquarters said Ihc retirement was neces sary lo preserve a solid front A communique also told of a Japanese penetration of the lower Terak defense line It added thnt we suffered some losses in guns and transport in he withdrawal Even this stand the communi que indicated might be imperiled by Japanese forces who infiltrated earlier down the coast to the Ku ala Selangor area 35 miles north west of Kuala Lumpur The communique said Ihete were some indications bl enemy infiltration eastward from this area Such an operation eastward ap parently would cut in behind the Slim river defense line Tokio dispaiches broadcast by Die German radio said that Japan ese troops now threaten the outer positions of Kuala and that Japanese tanks and ar tillery had crossed a river west of ihc town cutting off the rear of British defense forces The German radio quothi messages from Tokio saitl the Japanese had opened an allout offensive aimed at Singapore Britains No 1 de fense stronghold in the far cast A Biilisli pokcsman admitted that so far the British have lost J5 airdromes during retirements in Malaya Coinciding with the Japanese land drive southward Japanese ivarplancs were reported to have violently attacked military objec tives in Dutch Sumatra across the narrow Malacca strait f r o m Singapore and raided the biz Dutch East Indies naval base at Amboma for Ihc second lime in two days Dispatches from Singapore tln cliircd Ilinl British troops were holding fast under the first im pacts of the Japanese frontal as sault toward Kuala Lumpur capi tal of Sclnngor state with the Japanese attempting to advance clown Ihe main northsouth road frnm Ipoh in Pcrak state 120 mile north of Kuala Lumpur The British saitl Japans fifth division veterans of a dozen campaigns in China was lead ing the offensives supported by swarms of bombers ami cilvcbombers Once in France Greece and British appeared lo Iiavc lost air supcr iorily and were hciiiK sorely punished from Ihc skies The situation north of Kuala obscuir Singapore dispatches however said thai British troops had launched a bold counteroffensive in the Kusla Sclangor sector 15 miles north west of Kuala Lumpur and were to deal with1 the Japanese in the greenhell jungle and swamp wilderness between the Bcrriani anci Selangor rivers Across the Malay peninsula on the cast const a British spokes man said there was no word of any further Japanese Efdvancc from Knantan 190 miles north of Singapore The latest U S war department advices indicated that Americans and Filipinos hanging on grimly m their backlothe wall stand for a corner of Luzon island north and west of Manila were repeatedly machincgunncd and pounded by Ihc virtually unchallenged Japa nese air force RAF bombers for the irst timn carried the fight to Ihc Japanese in Bangkok capital of Japanese occupied Thailand Domci ac knowledged thit three fires started by incendiary bombs look I some hours lo extinguish The I raiders look off from Burma
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