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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 5, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OEPARTMCNT OF HJSTOSY MQJNES I A THl NEWSPAPiR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH lOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 5 1942 THIS PAPEIl CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE SECTION NQ 74 CHINESE AID SENT MALAYA m All Men 2044 Who Did Not Sign Up Previously Must Register Feb 16 for Draft President Roosevelt FINLAND HINTS ITS READY TO PUTENDTOWAR Hitler Continues to Lose Footholds on Soil of Soviet Russia By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Adolf Hitler still steadily losing the Russian footholds for whicl he paid so dearly and harassed a the rear by new stirring of th conquered peoples was confronted Monday by a hint of Finnish defec tion Officially the Finns never pro fessed partnership in the European term for the war with Russia They insisted tha they were fighting only for recov ery of territory vital to protec tion of their national life Now according to the British news agency Reuters the influ ential Helsinki newspaper Suo inen SosiaHdemokraatti says the time seems a suitable opportun ity to break off military opera tions With the Russian offensive in fu swing against the entire German front the Finns may have con eluded it would be better to strike a bargain with Russia before the full force of the Russian drive hits them Perhaps Russia has counted on ust such an overture for while the Finns have been under coun terattack along with other allies in the Hitlerian crusade there lias been nothing to indicate that the offensive in their direction equals it in others The Helsinki newspaper harked back to Field Marshal Manner helms statement at the end of November that F i n 1 a n ds stra tegic goal had almost been reached and said that several important towns had been occupied mean while Since then our troops have not launched any offensive op erations Therefore it seems a suitable opportunity to break off operations at this point Thus British and United States efforts to negotiate a Finnish Russian settlement once re buffed by Helsinki may be ready to bear fruit Finland has lone been regarded as the most likely state to be cut out of the Hitler The red armys powcrdrive was Joported officially Monday to have carried through Bclev 100 miles west of the German high watcr mark on the southern fiank of the Moscow arc The Germans were said to have lost 2300 men in dead and wound ed in lighting for Belev which is aOi miles south of Kaluga and half wayto Bryansk from Tula The Belev drive paralleled a pmccr movement farther north to which Borovsk had fallen heighl threat of entr British radio reported that 6 Russians had closed in on the Mozhaisk sector and that fight ng already was under way in the out r 5ritish rePwt heard bv CBS said 100000 Germans werp af retreating in the area west at Moscow alone in an attempt to escape encirclement by Russian lorces whose swift flanking ad vance caught the nazis by sur in London declared that the Russian push was begin ning to put hard pressure on the defense line which Adolf Hitler has been reported to have chosen for a last ditch winter stand That line it was said runs Irom Leningrad through Rzhev Vyazma and Bryansk Rzhev 125 miles northwest of Moscow al ready is undsr pressure of a red imynattack Irora Staritsa less than 30 miles to the east and the capture of Belev brought the Rus sians within 75 miles of Bryansk The news of the German de feat at Belev was the first offi cial announcement of the extent of the Russian penetration west of the Oka river toward Bry arsk The drive has been developing steadily since Dec 23 when th States Move Necessary to Insure Victory WASHINGTON 0P President Roosevelt Monday set Fob 16 for registration of all male citizens of the nation between the ages of 0 and 44 who have not registered previously Men in this age group wil be subject to military service The date was fixed in a proc lamation It made no mention of registration of men from 45 through 64 who are to be regis tered later on but who will be exempt from service with the armed forces under present legislation In his proclamation the chief executive noted that this and other registrations under the selective service act will be required to insure victory final and complete over the enemies of the United States The registration will apply to all male citizens and some nonciti zens born oiror after Feb 17 1897 and on or before Dec 31 921 It is to take place not only in the United States but also in Alaska Hawaii and Puerto Rico between the hours of 7 a m and 5 p m Provisions ivcre made for registration before Feb 16 and after that date in exceptional cases through arrangements with selective service officials The president for the sake of full cooperation with the selective service program em ployers and all government agencies to give workers sufficient time off to register Selective service officials esti mated approximately 9000000 men would be enrolled at the registration the first of two or more such enrollments in prospect Officials explained that those to be registered Feb 16 were men 20 years old those who have turned 2 since the regis tration last July and men be tween 36 and 44 Aliens must register under the law The president may exempt persons residing in the United Mates who are not citizens and who have not declared their in tention to become citizens but other noncitizens must register of Swtzerland residing m the United States for example would have to register if he has taken out his first citizenship pa pers but has not become a citizen i he had not declared intention to become a citizen he could be xempted by presidential order Firemen Fight Blaze in Subzero Weather Attack KiU 700 FRISCO HAS BLACKOUT ORDER City Buckles Down to Tightening of Air Raid Alarm System SAN FRANCISCO UR San buckled down Monday 0 tne job of tightening its air raid aJarm system and civilian defense precautions in the face of charges hat both were slipshod The air raid warning service drew another barrage after it was ested Saturday night for the first ourth interceptor command is ned a blackout order because un dentified planes were reported iff the coast Although eight huge sirens recently were placed on stra tegic elevations throughout the city thousands of residents com plained the alarms could NOT be heard and that the turning off of street lishts was their first hint of a blackout Complaints have been directed at he civilian defense program for evcral weeks particularly at layer Angelo Rossi who report oly has insisted on serving as 1 rector B Rums ftorn a fuc which destroyed one stiuc ture and damaged several other buildings in the Albert Lea Congress to Hear F R Tuesday business district arc shown above Firemen battled the blaze in subzero weather Ohoto by Albert Lea Tribune Russians said the Oka had been crossed and Kaluga recaptured At the far southern flank of the fightmgfront Russian troops in the Crimea supported by units of the red fleet reported retaking one village after another in fierce fighting On another front which the communique did not identify the Russians reported wiping out 1 000 Oennans in a single cavalry attack From sector after sector alon the battleline the Russian account was one of captured guns broken IS EXPECTED TO TELL WAR PLANS Huge Budget Allied Strategy Daylight Savings May Be Aired WASHINGTON Roosevelt will appear before con gress in person Tuesday to deliver his annual message on the state of the fighting message that undoubtedly will further delineate the nations war program The chief executives decision to go to the capitol anil speak in person at a m CST Tues day was revealed by Senate Democratic Leader Alhen W Barklcy shortly before the sec ond session of the 77th congress formally convened at noon Convocation of the new session was in marked contrast with the usual congressional openings House and senate were called to order with little fanfare The real opening will be Tuesday when Mr Hoosevelt goes before a joint session in the house chamber The huge war around 550000000000 will go to congress Wednesday I the Tuesd progr with British Prime Minister Win ston Churchill Those conversa tions already havc led to signing ol the antiaxis pact by 26 na tions and designation of British Gen Sir Archibald P Wavell as supreme commander of allied forces in the southwest Pacific The president may reveal something of a reported British American agreement for estab lishment of a supreme command for the Atlantic and for creation of an allied supply board to unify and coordinate production and distribution of war materials Barkley on emerging from a conference with Mr Roosevelt and other congressional leaders also announced that on Wednes day the senate will take up the houseapproved price control bill He hoped tor passage be fore the end of the week He added that legislation to au tlionxc Mr Roosevelt to order establishment of daylight savings time whenever or wherever he chooses would be pushed to enact ment Weatherman Says No Relief in Sight From Bitter Wave Mercury to Plunge Again Monday Night Mason City Has 24 DES MOINES CP Tempera lures climbed slowly toward the zero mark in Iowa Monday but they were scheduled to plunge again Monday night with no relief m sight as the state suffered its most severe cold wave in several years Skies were clear The weather bureau forecast readings down 25 degrees be low zero affain Monday in the northeast 20 below in the northwest 15 below in the southeast and 10 below in the southwest Low temperatures Monday morning included 2G degrees be ow zero at Iowa City and Water loo but the mercury generally lacked a few degrees of reaching the minimum recorded Sunday when Decorah listed 36 below Tins was the lowest reading in Iowa in several years but doesnt approach the record of 47 below set in 1912 To weatherweary lowans still colder Fortunately little wind accom panied the cold weather but most lowans looked over their to plug every possible crack and many still found difficulty heating levels Firemen thusiastic them to comfortable worried lest houscholdcr overcn ovcrhcat furnaces and cause while some roads and streets re mained blocked so fire trucks no reach all residential dis schools remained tricts Des Moines iUlUdlUVU closed Monday but elsewhere in the state generally they opened for business as usual after the yearend holidays The Iowa statehouse was open after New Years and a coal shortage closed it for four days Some city dwellers were find ing it hard o obtain coal as de liveries fell bchimi because of blocked streets and the extra orders brought by the extreme weather Transpovlation facilities wcre I mostly back to normal Monday with all primary roads open and city streets rapidly being cleared up In cities however streetcar ser vice was still running far behind schedules and cars were jammed I he Des Moines Railway company blamed its poor service on motor ists who parked too near car tracks and blocked the trams Hundreds of persons who usually drive to work were riding the trolleys making it difficult to rind room on them Other low temperatures over Iowa Monday morning included Mason City 24 Sioux City 20 Davenport 13 DCS Moines 12 Council Bluffs 7 Burlington Marshalltown 18 Clinton IB Ottumwa la Fort Dodge Centerville 13 Charles City 2l Dubuque 15 Cedar Rapids Ifl Muscatine 16 Cherokee 23 Spen cer 20 OFFICIAL FOUND SLAIN IN FRANCE Chief Secretary to Interior Minister Reported to Be Victim VICHY Unoccupied France W battered body of Yves Per ringaux chief secretary to Interior Minister Pierre Pucheu has been found along the railroad tracks between Paris and Troyes in Ger manoccupied France it was an nounced Monday The Berlin radio at first broad cast that both Perringaux and Pucheu had been found dead pre sumably the victims of assassins but later changed its story to say that only Perringaux was killed It gave no explanation for with drawing the original story although it previously had announced that an investigation into what was said then to be two deaths had been started Whether Pcrringauv was trav eling with Pucheu was not dis closed Pcningauxs body was said to nave been found in a mangled con dition near the station ot Flam DUI only rcc bomGouaix about twothirds of I chief sccrcta AT ALBERT LEA Blaze Demolishes Structure Housing Wooiworth Store ALBERT LEA fire which started early Sunday morn ing and was still smoldering Mon day morning caused damages es timated to reach in the main business section of Albert Lea and demolished the buildin housing the Woolworlh store Although the blaze was con fined to the Wooiworth store building adjoining b u si ness houses were damaged extensive by smoke water and debris from crumbling walls Buttrcys store Gildncr and 1ageson clothing store and Bch nngs drug store all smoke and water damag suffered Firemen were hampered in fighting the blaze by the severe temperatures which caused hoses to freeze to the streets and ham pered the movement ot ladders and other equipment by freezing water in the streets and on tle walls of adjoining buildings One fireman Connie Thompson was slightly injured when he fell from a slippery ladder About 20 firemen including volunteers fought the fire Six apartments on tiic second and third stories of the buildin wcre emptied before flames which started in the basement had reached them None of the residents was injured The building had been re modeled only recently by its own er Russell Babbitt of Albert Lea Officials of the Wooiworth com pany who came from Minneapolis to Albert Lea Sunday night said the building would be rebuilt as soon as possible Origin of the fire was undetermined Sunday I Corregidor Downs Four More Planes WASHINGTON W The department announced Monday that General Douglas MacArthurs Philippine army repulsed a Japa nese attack with heavy enemy losses estimating that at least 700 of the enemy wcre killed AmericanFilipino losses wore described in a communique as rel atively small The war department said this was one of the most serious re verses suffered by the Japanese invaders since the war began The Japanese attack took place northwest of Manila At the same time lie garrison of Corregidor fortress shot down four more Japanese bombers in beating off the third successive air attack on the fortress This raised officially reported enemy plane losses over Corregi dor to 15 The communique said four addi tional Japanese planes wcre hit out their destruction was not con firmed Fiftytwo bombers took part in the attack which continued three hours Both the land battle on Luzon inland and the latest air raid on Corregidor took place Sunday General MucArthur reported that his forces crushed the at tack presumably in Pampansa province northwest of Manila in escaping an attempted enemy The Japanese MacArihur said undertook to crush the greatly outnumbered defenders between two invading forces operating as a pincers from north and south But he added that when the trap was and Philippine troops were not in the jaws The communique said that Jap anese strategy thus failed in thi instance necessitating the frontal attack which likewise failed The attack on Corregidor like the onslaught of the previous days m which four enemy planes were shot down failed to inflict mater ial damage and casualties were said to he slight BURMA IS THREAT TO JAPANESE PLAN As far as could be deduced from dispatches from the far cast the Japanese were in feverish haste to complete their conquest of the lulippmcs in order to release large number of troops for major operations elsewhere And as far as the evidence went Gen Dong as MacArthmwas giving the enemy no cooperation Reports from British Burma ex plained why the Japanese hih command might be thinking in terms of other theatres Large al hed forces were concentratin there and intensive allied air ac tivity was noted with the Japan ese coming off decidedly second best according to a Rangoon com munique In allied hands Burma repre sents a major potential threat lo Japan s grandiose plans for domi nation of the Southern Pacific smashing drive eastward would cut across the lop of Thailand and trench Indo China placing the allies squarely in the rear of the Japanese forces now driving furi ously southward down the narrow Malay peninsula toward pore It would also put the allies m a position to neutralize the indoChma bases which have played such an important role in Japans South sea successes to date the way between Paris and Troyes He had taken a train in Paris Sun day night cnroute to Belfort in Alsace Troyes is in the Aube depart ment about 85 miles southeast of Pcrrmgaux was a member of the extreme rightist party of the turncoat communist Jacques Doriol He had been Pucheus aide since the interior minister first entered the Vichy government as secretary of industrial production but only recently had been made Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Fair nnd continued cold Monday afternoon and Monday night Lowest tempera ture Monday night Mason Citv 25 below IOWA Fair and continued cold MINNESOTA Fair to partly cloudy and continued cold Mon day afternoon and Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather slatistics Maximum Sunday 5 below Minimum Sun night 24 below At 8 a m Monday 23 below YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday below Minimum in night 2 below At 8 a m Sunday 27 below 10 1 Defense Savinjrs Stamps for sale GlobeGazette business office FLANK ATTACK ON JAPS FROM INDIA POSSIBLE But Singapores Hopes Pivot Largely on Wavells Reputation By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A Chinese expeditionary force drawn from a reservoir of man power that has been fighting a give and take war with the Japa nese for four and onehalf years as believed on its way Monday to the British Malayan front to held save Singapore British sources in London ex pressed belief veterans of Gener alissimo Chiang KaiSheks army were being transferred to bolsteV the Malayan line until Britain and the United States could put rein forcements there It was noteworthy that the British censorship at RanEoon and London Sunday passed a dispatch sayingthat the fath ering of allied forces in Burma suggested that the united nations command was mounting an of fensive there if The Japanese could be struck as easily overland from Burma at their flank and rear as they could be by reinforcement of the front against them on the Malayan peninsula Unspecified numbers of Chinese troops are known to have massed in Burma Their primary function however then appeared to be guarding the Burma road Gener alissimo Chiangs lifeline Now some sharp offensive ac tion by the new supreme com mander for the united nations in the Pacific war zone General Sir Archibald p Wavell seems to be in prospect Military observers said that the retreats in Malaya had been forced not by more efficient Japanese fighting but by super ior numbers of the invaders The British imperial forces arc perforce spread too thin anil the front is too broad The balance might be restored it was said with Chinese infantry supported by British artillery and mechanized forces A Singapore dispatch said tiiat confidence was mounting in the longrange possibilities ot defend ing Singapore even though about iOO miles of the Malay peninsula had been yielded in a little less than a month of fighting But frankly Singapores hopes pivoted largely on Wavells repu tation and the possibility of a Chinese expeditionary force was not cited The battle for Singapore had assumed by far the most stratc Kic important of any action in the far cast the Philippine de fense has become primarily fishl for time The Japanese seesawing down Uic Malayan coasts against the uilmmi of Singapores out stretched defenses raised Monday a fresh threat to the British left flank m the most vital sector the Pacific war with new tand at the mouth of the Perak and Eernam rivers The British acknowledged this and the Japanese simultaneously claimed a broadening of their invasion of Borneo uith occupa tion of Brunei between Sara wak and British North Borneo already pierced by widely spaced landings The Japanese said also that the strategic island of Labuan off British North Borneo hart been in their hands since Jan I Whether the Japanese meant that both the city and sultanate of Vt j cold ul cuy and sultanate of Alonday afternoon and Monday Brunei had been overrun was not mslu but control of the city would amount to control of the surround ing area CLAIM JAP TRANSPORTS ARE MOVING SOUTHWARD The Berlin radio reported from Toluo that a large fleet ot Jap anese transports was moving southward presumably carrying reinforcements for the attempt to out MacArlhurs last forces in hat Luzon island corner stretch ing from the important Olongapo naval base 50 miles northwest Manila to the Corregidor island ortrcss at the entrance to Manila A Sunday bombing or the fort one the worlds 21 Planes cost the attackers at least four planes Washington said MacArlhur said treatment of American civilians caught bv the
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