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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 11, 1941, Mason City, Iowa t RTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS EXTRA VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PHESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED FIVE CENTS A MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY DECEMBER 31 1941 THIS PAPER CONSISTS Of TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 53 NAZIS ITALY US A Sink Jap Battleship Cruiser Destroyer Congress Gives Reply Quickly to FR Appeal for United Effort WASHINGTON voted war against nazi Germany and Italy Thursday in a swift response to President Roosevelts appeal for a rapid and united effort for the cause of vctory over the forces of savagery and of barbar ism As fast as roll calls could be tallied the senate unanimous ly and the house without a single no vote accepted the challenge of Adolf Hitler fil AIM tfl nWVF Haruna 29000 Tonner Is ULnilfl IU UllIlL 0 ADC DAW AM Bottom Off North Aro BAlm UN LUZON COASTS Benito Mussolini axispart ners of Japan with whom the nation went to war Monday The senate vote for war aeainsl Germany v is 88 to 0 Before onliialy was re corded Ser ilors Andrews D Fla and Smathers DN J reached the chamber to make the vote against Italy stand at 39 to 0 bousevote lor warwith member voting This was Representative Jean nette Rankin who cast the lone vote against war svith Ja who voted against war withGermany in 1917 Just before the ballot senators listened to a message from Presi dent Roosevelt asking the war declaration and saying that never before has there been a greater challengeto life liberty and civi lization The senate galleries were only partly filled during the momen tous action Lord Halifax the British ambassador and Lad Halifax sat in the diplomatic gal leries with other representatives of the diplomatic corps Minority Leader McNary K Ore submitted a unanimous resolution of republican mem bers pledging support to the president in prosecuting the to a successful conclusion At the other end ot the capitol jammed galleries and a crowdec floor heard the representative follow the lead of their senatoria colleagues The Rev James Shera Mont gomery the house chaplain opened the session with an ap peal for divine aid for the nation Archduke Otto of Austria whose country was aligned against the United States in tin World warwas one of hose wlv occupied a seat in the diplomat gallery In a brief six paragraph message Jo congress which fol lowed declarations of war on this country by the two axis partners Mr Koosevelt assert ed that the forces endeavoring to enslave the entire world now are moving towards this hemis phere Never before he said has ther been a greater challenge to lifi liberty and civilization Declaring that delay invite greater danger Mr Roosevc added that rapid and united ef fort by all of the peoples of the world determined to re main free will ensure a world victory of the forces of justice and of righteousness over the forces of savagery and barbar ism Tliere was no definite indi cation whether it was intended as such but this sentence ap peared to bear the implications of an appeal to our Latin American neighbors to join in the victory effort The chief executive asserted that Germanys declaration of war was in pursuit of its course of world conquest Not until the next to last sen tence his message did he also mention that Italy too had de clared war against the United States Germanys declaration ot war against the United States was taken to the state department shortly before 9 oclock by Hans Thomson charge daffaires of the German embassy He was accompanied by Heribcrl on Strempol first secretary Secretary of Stale Hull had not et arrived and the Germans were istructcd to wait After letting the Germans wait for 10 minutes after he arrived Hull sent out word that ht vivas unable to re ceive them itad Thomsen and von Strempelwere escorted to the division of European af fairs where they presented the declaration to Atherton chief of that division T ARMY ACCEPTS MARRIED MEN DES MOINES arm Thursday began accepting to he first time in the present emer men for volun ary enlistment in the land force of the United States However volunteers who hav dependents must sign a eertificat to the effect that their familis will be provided for during th icrvice period The ortter concerning marrie men does not affect selectee Captain Hoffman pointed out bu only men who enlist voluntaril Defense Sayings Stamps for sa at GlobeGazette Business offic Philippine Army Declares Area Near Appari Is Recaptured BULLETIN MANILA Philip pine army was reported unoffi cially hut reliably Thursday night to have recaptured the region around Aparri on the north coast of Luzon and to be driving the Japanese back to the scacoast MANILA para chutists were reported to have seized an airport six miles from iligan m eastern Luzon Thursday States and Philip pingtioops battled to drive Japa nese landing forces into thesea along the northern and western coasts ot the island A United States army spokes man declared i short time before the parachute landing was re ported by the Philippine constab ulary that the situation is com pletely in hand and that the Ja panese forces along the coast were being mopped up Iligan scene of the reported parachutist landing is in the province of Isabella some 70 miles south of the port of Apar ri and ISO miles northeast of Manila Embroils Entire World in War FORM DEFENSE UNIT DES MOINES of an Iowa civilian pilots defends unit was under way Thursday with 131 flyers including 18 women as the nucleus The pilots met here Wednesday night to organ ize lill out application blanks and have fingerprints taken for identification purposes We Are Now in This War Luzon by U S Army Flyers BULLETIN WASHINGTON navy an nounced Thursday thatthe defending ma rine garrison on Wake island has sunk one Japanese light cruiser and one destroyer by air action Four separate attacks on the is land were repulsed WASHINGTON sinking of the 29000ton Japanese battleship Haruria by army bombers off he northern coast of Luzon in the Philippines was announced Thursday by Secretary of War Stimson At his press conference Slim son said the navy department had confirmed the sinking previously reported by the army as a battle ship of the Haruna class Determined resistance by American forces Stimson re ported have confined Japanese landings on Luzon tothe viciir Ity of Aparri atthe extreme northern tip ot the island From Manila however came reports that Japanese parachut ists had seized an airport six miles from lligan in eastern Luzon Appari is on the northern coast The war secretary said there were continued attacks by Japa nese aircraft in the vicinity of Manila Wednesday particularly on the air fields at Cavitc and Nich ols field Stimson said that losses of planes in the ail k on Hawaii Sunday although heavy already were being replaced These losses can lc made goad and they are being made good now the secretary said He reported that a flight of four motored army bombers ar rived in Hawaii during the Jap anese attack The first of the planes was shot down but the crews of the remaining ships with a few mo ments warning brought their ships in at various air fields in the islands and only two of the Race for Stepping Stones in Atlantic May Soon Be Under Way Capitol Sources Believe ADOLF HITLER By JOE ALEX MORRIS United Press Foreign Editor Democracy mobilized its might against the axis Thursday Germany and Italy formally joined Japan in the conflict against America Thursday and congress answered immediately with a declaration of war on Germany and Italy Completing mobilization of great powers President Roosevelt promised that the strength and determina tion of free peoples would victory over savage and barbarous forces now moving toward the western hemisphere in an effort to enslave peoples everywhere Congress approved within an hour his request for a declaration of war The turning of machinery that plunged five con inents into unprecedented conflict was swift but the nen on the fighting fronts were already in action A 29000ton Japanese battleship sank in flames under American aerial bombs off the Philippines and de ense forces were opposing a Japanese landing force in the Aparri sector of northern Luzon Speaking from the front of the fireplace in the oval room of the white house President Roosevelt broadcast to the nation a declaration that we are now in this war We are all in the way Claims Nazis Invincible Blames Plot REPORT ON 2 LONDON Wi After nearly one hour of speechmaking before his reichstag sounding board in which he again pictured Germany as invincible and ot the same lime victim of war plotters in the United States Britain and Rus sia Adolf Hitler Thursday de clared xvar on the United States The reichsfuehrer told the cheering audience in the Krol opera house that Germany and Italy were honoring the three power pact with lapan on the grounds as the axis puts it that the United States had attacked Tapan I nave today told the German ambassador to the UniUJ States to ask for his passport Germany has never been as lited as today strength to take cssary National socialist Germany has far more foresight and I have therefore given the American charge d affaires his passport to day Italy and Germany are forced in agreement with the stipulation in the tripartite pact to associate themselves with Japan Hitler said The declaration of war con cluded the speech Hitler finished his address at about a m E S T p m Berlin time Hitler declared that President Roosevelt had practiced insti gation with other countries and now with Japan I think all of you have heard with eagerness that at least one state a first class power has risen against this violation of he rules of decen cy Not only Germany bitt all the decent people in Europe are deep ly satisfied with this Japanese challenge against the American power Joins Germany in Declaration any damage The Haruna a vessel of 29330 tons was built in 1913 and carried normal complement of offi cers and men The ship was arrucd with eight Hinch guns sixteen Ginch guns and leaser arms The Haruna carried three air craft which were added to her equipment in 1927 The ship was refitted between IDiG and 1930 and bulges were added reducing her speed but providing added protec tion against submarine attacks The ship was designed by a British naval architect BEVITO MUSSOLINI Death of Rear Admiral Kidd in Attack on Hawaii Is Revealed WASHINGTON navy united as today and will have the I announced Wednesday night that all measures neeRear Admiral Isaac Campbell Kidd was killed during the Jap anese attack at Pearl Harbor Hawaii Sunday The navy said he was in com mand of a battleship division ot the Pacific fleet It did not disclose the name of his flagship which he presumably was aboard ii MXT40T Duce Charges F R Betrayed Americans TEXT ON PAGE 21 ROME Official Radio Received by A and Italy declared war Thursday on the United States arraying the axis might with Japans and joining the wars in the east and west into one titanic world struggle This historic decision was an nounced by Premier Mussolini to tumultuous crowds in a five minute speech from the balcony of Palazzo Vencza The fascist leader pledged his people victory and told them thai President Roosevelt through a series of infinite provocations be traying with a supreme fraud the population of his country wanted the war and had prepared for ii day by day with diabolical obsti nacy He appeared on his palace bal cony at p m a m E S T Crowds surged through Rome vociferously demonstrating axis solidarity with Japan The GermanItalian war dec larations fulfilled commitments under the threepower pact lo BO lo Japans aid If she were deemed to have been attacked by Ihr United Stales ii Weather Report FORECAST MASON occasional snow nnd somewhat warmer Thursday night and Friday Low about 26 ami not quite sr rold Thursday through Friday occasional light snow Thursday night and Friday and in portion Thursday cloudy and warmer Thursday through Fri day occasional light snow Fri day and in southwest and ex treme west Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday H Minimum Wednesday night 7 At 8 a m Thursday 13 YEAR AGO Maximum 23 Minimum in WAR NEWS ALL DAY AND ALL NIGHT ON KGLO Complete Coverage of They Services of ASSOCIATED PRESS UNITED FKESS COLUMBIA NETWORK 1300 ON YOUR DIAL The fighting fronts also were flame in Russia on the Libyan desert in Malaya and China But for the moment the spol liffht centered on lie men in po sitions of leadership in America Great Britain and the Soviet Union on the side of the allies and in Germany Italy and Japan on the side of the axis Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussoli li announced their formal dcclara ions of war before cheering party groups in Berlin and Rome and Hitler asserted that the axis would always strike first Spain was reported to have closed her frontier with France preventing departure of Ameri cans from axisdominated Europe nnd there were increasing indica tions that Vichy France had made a deal to throw its naval strength to the side of Germany as a result of a conference at Turin between VicePremier Admiral Francois DnrUm and Italian Foreign Minis ter Count Galcazzo Ciano A break between the United Stales and Vichy appeared more than ever likely with the Ameri can seizure of French Martinique believed probable V On the other idc of the picture it was believed that Germany wns pressing France for use of the im portant port of Dakar on the west African coast commanding the South Atlantic sea lanes Axis bases at Dakar presumably would be a step toward control of the southern route to the Americas including Azores islands owned by Portugal Washington sources expressed belief that a race7 for the step ping stones of the ticularly the Azores the Canary islands Cape Verde islands Ma deira and soon be in progress In London Prime Minister Win ston Churchill told the British na ttipn that this was a life or death struggle and that we will go for ward to victory In Berlin Hitler declared that axisheld Europe was impreg nable and that Germany would break all opposition In Rome Mussolini shouted that we shall wage war to conquer1 Only at Moscow where Josef V Stalin was a key figure in the world slrutfftr was there silence
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