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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archive: December 8, 1941 - Page 1

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Publication: Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 8, 1941, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Of HISTORY AKO M HOME EDITION VOL XLVIII THE NIWSPAPM THAT MAKtS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY DECEMBER 8 1941 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 50 Total 3000 Philippines Attacked by Japanese Bombers 290 Casualties Listed BULLETINS YORK NBC reporter broadcasting in the midst of an early Tuesday morning air attack on Manila said that terrific damage had been left by the Japanese attackers including the apparent destruction of the gaso Jme supply at Nichols air field MANILA Japanese radio at Taihoku For mosa reported in a broadcast Monday that Japanese war ships have surrounded Guam and said all big buildings on therisland were ablaze dispatches reported that 100 to troops 60 of them Americans were killed or injured Monday night when Japanese warplanes raided Iba on the west coasts of the island of Luzon north of the Olangapo nayalbase were after Oabaneie pUna PBS cwwapoMeht in day in a broadcast from hat city MANILA bombers struck at military bases and ports the length of the Philippines Monday smash ing at the big Fort Stotensburg Clark field the summer mountain capital at Baguio the ports of Davao and Appari and the far northern island group Manila had heard no air raid alarms and seen no raid ing planes early Monday night although Japanese war craft were reported within 40 miles of the densely popu lated city Manila which has no public air raid shelters was blacked out heavily overcast skies from soon aft ports also shut off lights and waited tensely The army headquarters an nounced that Davaocenter con centrated Japanese population on the southernmost of the large islands and Baguio summertime mountain capital of the Philip pines north of Manila harf been bombed by daylight Private advices from Fort Stot senburg on Luzon island said three Japanese planes had been shot down without American losses in a second attack there Domei broadcast what is de scribed as areliable report from neutral sources that the Japanese air force attacked Fort Stotsenburg headquarters of the United States army in northern Luzon heavily damaged an airfield and blew up numerous oil reservoirs during afternoon attacks on the Philip pines I Although Japanese planes at one time were within 40 miles of Manila the citys air raid alarm system was not sounded The air raid warden declared he was not informed prompily of the raids at Baguio and Clark fields Thousands of persons in Manila at first were unable to believe that thef war had come Crowds milled in the streets until the blackout hour while police sol Jiers and constabulary rounded up the citys Japanese population of about 5000 One Japanese was arrested in he Manila bay port area where he was caught cutting telephone wires Another was caught using a radio transmitter Army and navy centers near Manila such as the big island fort ress Corregidor Nichols air port and the Cavite escaped at tack in the daylight raids though the Japanese struck at some outer military objectives Thirteen planes took part in the attack on Davao and inflicted some damage the official announce ment said Airline Railroad at Omaha Ban Japanese OMAHA Hayashi member of the Japanese consuls staff at San Francisco was stranded here Monday after an airline and a railroad had refusec to carry him to the coast After leaving New York Sunday morn ing on a United Airlines plane Hayashi was ordered off the ship here Sunday night Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Fair and colde Monday night lowest temper ature for Mason City 15 IOWA Fair extreme west partly cloudy to cloudy pccasiona snow flurries east and centra portions Monday becoming fail east and central Monday nigh and Tuesday Colder Monda and Monday night slowly rising temperatures extreme west por tion Tuesday windy Monday MINNESOTA Cloudy to partlj cloudy Monday becoming fail Monday night and Tuesday snow flurries Monday and ir east portion early Monday night colder Monday and Mondaj night continued cold Tuesday windy Monday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximufti Saturday 39 Minimum Saturday night 26 At 8 a m Sunday 31 YEAR AGO Maximum 42 Minimum 19 Precipitation trace Maximum Sunday 45 Minimum in Night 23 At 8 a m Monday 23 YEAR AGO Maximum 29 Minimum 17 T Wherte U S Battles Japanese SAN FRANCISCO MIDWAVIS WAKEl GUAM ISLANDS ENGLAND GOES TO WAR CALLS JAPS WANTON Declares Defending Forces in Malaya Ready When Foes Came LONDON Britain eclaied war on Japan Monday Hying herself with the United Areas in which fighting has occurred between forces of the United States and Great Britainandthose of Japan are shown on the maps above Map at top shows strategic points of the entire pacific area Map at lower left shows Philippine islands and area around Manila and the U S naval base at Cavite Map at lower right shows Hawaiian islands and closeup of the island of Oahu attacked by Japanese bombers Battleship Destroyer Reported Lost by U S in Jap Raid on Hawaii BULLETIN SAN FRANCISCO Singapore radio heard by a United Press listening post here Monday reported that two Americanbuilt Hudson bombers operating off the northern Malayan coast had scored direct hits on two Japanese troop ships and another Hudson bomber had scored a direct hit on a barge loaded with Japanese soldiers WASHINGTON AP The white house announced Monday that the Japanese attack on Hawaii had resulted in the capsizing of an old battleship the destruction of a de stroyer damage to other vessels and destruction of a rela tively large number of planes added that several Japanese planes and submarines had been accounted for An official white house state ment the first authentic gov ernment appraisal of the attack Sunday said that casualties were expected lo mount to about 3000 nearly half of them fatalities It was disclosed that active resistance was still continuing against the Japanese attacking force in the vicinity of Hawaii Keenforcements of planes are being rushed to the islands the white house said and repair work Is under way on ships planes and ground facilities The white house said that Wake and Midway islands in ad dition to the island of Guam and Hongkong China had been at tacked but that lacking Asked whether there was any official information why Japan was able to get inside the outer defenses of the Hawaiian group Presidential Secretary Stephen Early said it was the consensus of experts that probably all the at tacking planes came from carriers which had moved forward during the night and sent their planes aloft The attack came at dawn Sunday There was no identification of the battleship which capsized beyond the statement that she was an old one The ship turned over in Pearl Harbor the navys giant Hawaiian 6ase The statement said that several other ships have been seriously damaged that one destroyer was blown up and several other small ships were seriously hit Several hangars were destroyed in the bombing of army and navy air fields the white house said and a large number of plane1 were put out of commission However a number of bombers were said lo have arrived in the islands safely from San Fraricjsco while the engagement was under way Two hundred marines all that remained of the American marine detachment in China have been interned near Tientsin The statement asserted that it seemed apparent many bombs had been dropped in Honolulu It seemed o Indicate that the casualties were largely at army and naval stations at the key Pacific outpost Before the white house an nouncement Japan had claimed a smashing victory over the Pa cific fleet In making the announcement i ihe attack on Hawaii Early said herehad been a tremendous re action throughout the country to Japans assault It was expressed le said in hundreds of telegrams and telephone calls pouring into the white house They all stresses horror at the attack and pledged loyalty full aid and support to th president he related adding tha they came from all types of per sons from cab drivers to state governors Official sources here ignorec the Japanese claims in silence bu the communique issued by tin naval section of the Japanese im perial headquarters was the grim mest sort of news to a city tha was at peace only Sunday The nation had been bracing itself for bad tidings It was known the navy had taken some hard blows and the white house warned Sunday night that the fleets losses undoubtedly would prove heavy The Tokio claims heightened the grimness BULLETINS MANILA Pan America Airways reported that Japancs bombers smashed Wake Islam and that only garbled radio sig nals were being received from th Airways station at Hongkong LONDON Germa n ra dio broadcast Monday night a re port credited to Domei saying tha Japanese air raiders had blown u a number of oil tanks at United States naval headquarter th in the Philippines and that th population of Manila was tryin to flee the city in panic Nazis Dont Expect to Take Moscow in41 BERLIN Germa army does not expect to captur Moscow this year a militar spokesman said Monday night i Explanation of a high comman communiques reference to th coming of winter tales Prime Minister Churchill begin ing a statement as soon as he cn ercd commons summoned in a pecial session to hear his declara ion said As soon as I heard Sunday ight that Japan had attacked the United States I felt it necessary hat parliament should be im icdiately summoned The house of lords also had been ailed to sit simultaneously to hear he British prime ministers his oric pronouncement that the war declaration against Ja pan was authorized at a noon session of his cabinet if I spoke to President Roosevelt n the Atlantic telephone Sunday light with a view to arranging the jme of our respective declara tion Churchill disclosed Instructions were sent to our imbassador at Tokio and a com munication was dispatched to the Japanese charge daffaires at 1 oclock Monday 6 a m C S T stating that in view of Japans vanton acts of unprovoked aggres the British government in ormed them that a state of war existed between the two coun tries Churchill went on He recalled that with the ful approval of the nation and the rnipire I pledged the word of jreat Britain about a month ago Lhat should the United States be involved in war with Japan a British dclaration would follow within the hour Churchill said the Japanese began landing in British terri tory in northern Malaya at 6 a m Sunday 5 p m Saturday CST and were engaged imme diately by British forces which were ready Churchill charged that Japa nese envoys were ordered lo prolong their mission in the United States in order to keep conversations going while a sur prise attack was being prepared and before a declaration ol war could be delivered WAR NEWS ON KGLO Bulletins flashed by CBSKGLO with ev ery new development Regular newscasts as follows MORNING AFTERN 0 O N 1300 ON YOUR DIAL United Front Is Shown as Congress Orders Hostilities WASHINGTON United States through its congress declared war Monday on Japan Overwhelmingly and with the greatest unity shown in many a day on capitol hill the senate and house backed up President Roosevelts request for a war declaration with unprecedented speed The senate vote first to be recorded was 82 to 0 The senate vote of 82 to 0 and the house vote of 388 to I told their own story of unity in the face of common danger The speed with which the two chambers granted President Roosevelts request for a declaration was unprecedented Japs Claim in Pacific TOKIO Official Radio Picked Up by Japanese assert ed Tuesday they had won naval supremacy over the United States n the Pacific claiming by official Munofficial reports the destruc tion American battleships and an aircraft carrier and the damaging of six cruisers These declared the Japanese were the principal results of the first shock of their airnaval offensive The claim to supremacy ap peared in a commentaryresume broadcast by Domei which said that any force the United States now could muster would be re garded as utterly inadequate to accomplish any successful out come in an encounter with the thus far intact Japanese fleet Imperial headquarters in an announcement broadcast by Domei said that two battleships and a minesweeper had been sunk four heavy cruisers damaged many merchant ships seized and scores of planes destroyed aground and in the air in Hawaii and the Philip pines The communique said also that a United States aircraft car rier had been sunk by submarine off Honolulu although this Is not confirmed So far as naval losses went the Japanese said they had escaped unscathed and they acknowledged the loss of only two planes in Philippine actions The Japanese said that the mine sweeper the 8iOlon Penguin was sunk in an air attack earJy Mon day at Guam U S naval station An Italian broadcast quoted Domei as listing the 33100ton Pennsylvania and the 29000ton Oklahoma as lost Domei also reported to have said that two United States destroyers and two oil tankers had been destroyed Japan seemedalso to have won a militarydiplomatic victory by gaining Thailands consent to pas sage of Japanese troops to mee British Malayan forces The Japanese board of informs tion announced that about 100 British and American nationals anc other foreigners had been roundec up Monday morning throughou the empire 736 Japanese Aliens Are Arrested by FBI WASHINGTON e d e ra agents arrested 73K Japanese aliens during the night in thi United States and Hawaii Attor ncy General Biddlc announced Monday The resolutions were before th houses within 15 minutes of he time Mr Roosevelt ended his 500 word extraor dinary message There was a half second uncertainlyill the Representative Jannette Ran tin K Mont objected to unanimous consent for Imme diate consideration of the war resolution Speaker Sam Rayburn brushed he objection aside It was she vho in the small hours of April 1917 faltered wept and finally oted no against a similar reso ution aimed at Germany When the clerk came to her lame on the roll call Monday she oted no again A chorus of hisses and boos reefed her vote the first cast igainst the war resolution Representative Harold Knulson R Minn who also voted against American entry into the World var in 1917 said Monday this na ion has no choice but to declare var on Japan I do not see that we have any ither choice Knutson told re porters They declared war on us Miss Rankin and Knutson are he only present members of the house who voted against war in Representative M a r t i n of Massachusetts the republican leader won thunderous ap plause In the house as he pledged unqualified support to the president There can be no peace Mar lin shouted until the enemy is made to pay in a full way for his dastardly deed Let us show the world we are a united nation The officiallyannounced loss two warships and 3000 men dead and wounded in Japans raid on Hawaii was fresh in the minds of legislators I ask the chief executive told a joint session that the congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly at tack by Japan on Sunday De cember 7tha state of war has existed between Ihc United Slates and the Japanese em pire The president said that yester day was a date which will live in infamy Within 20 minutes after he fin ished the senate had acted The president recited the events since Japans assault on Americas Pacific bastions and said he had directed that all measures be ta ken for our defense Hostilities exist Mr Roosevelt asserted There is no blinking at the fact that pur people our terri tory and our interests are in grave danger With confidence in our armed the unbonnding de termination of our will gain the inevitable triumph help us God He said Japan had undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the Pacific noting that the Nipponese empire not only had attacked Hawaii and the Phil ippines but also Malaya Hong kong Guam Wake and Midway islands Always we will remember tho   

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