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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 14, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION ASSOCIATE FUSS AND UNITED PRESS FOI4 UA8CD WDUB CENTS A COP THt NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NIIGHIORS MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT P migNTAcoP CITY IOWA FRIDAY NOVEMBER 14T1941 KILLED AS SUB SINKS ARK ROYAL U 5 EXPECT ACTUAL DEPARTURE TO SHORTLY Marine Forces Will Leave Shanghai Tientsin Peiping WASHINGTON UP i President Roosevelt Friday announced that the United iStates had decidedto withr draw American marines from IChina The president read to his press conferencea brief announcement stating that the detachments main tained ashore at Peiping Tientsin and Shanghai j would be withdrawn The president said the actual withdrawal was ex pected tobegin shortly i Asked whether he thought the withdrawal of the only American armed forces now oh land in China would leave any substantial interest unprotected the president pointed out that the marine sta lions had offered protection to comparativelyfew Americans Most of our nationals in China are missionaries situated outsidethe three cities Where the marines are stationed Marines Out of China disposed as follows Shanghai Fourth marines 750 officers arid men Commanded by CoL Samuel L Howard ranking marine officer in China detachment of 55 officers and men commanded by Maj Luther A Brown embassy guard of 165 officers and mehun der command of Lieut Col Wil liam W Ashurst The mannas have bcen ir China intermittently since 1854 when they landed at Shanghai to protect a base set up by the famed Commodore Matthew C Perry in the door to Japan which for centuries had been a hermit nation From the first landing until 1900 the marines were dispatched to China from time to time to deal with various outbreaks threaten ing American interests Oneof their most famous exploits was their participation in putting down the Boxer rebellipn in 1900 The marine detachments in the Boxer rebellion serving as V S embassy nurds in JWp far were replaced on Sept 25 I99t by regular army troops and were withdrawn to tic Philippines The marines returned to Peip ing as embassy guards in 1905 under orders of President Theo dore Roosevelt The devildogs have been on duty in China ever since In 1927 the marine forces in China were augmented primar ily to guard the Shanghai inter national settlement endangered by fighting between two major Chinese factions Brig Gen Smedley Butler commanded the marines in China at one time German Native Held for FBI Is Charged With Illegal Entry DES MOINES It Officers from the federal immigration of fice at Omaha were expected here Friday to claim George Herman Feld 32 whopolice said was a native ol Germany and was charged with illegal entry into toe United States Police said Fcld claimed he took out naturaliza tion papers in 1927 at Omaha but that Omaha FBI officials said there was no record there of such Testimony Completed in Tax Appeal Cases IOWA CITY District Judge James P Gaffney said a de cision would be reached within 30 days on the 21 tax appeal cases brought before him from the Iowa City board of assessment and re view by21 University of Iowa fraternities and sororities Tes timony was completed Tuesday on the cases FDR Tells CIO Leaders Government Will Not Order Closed Shop Legislation BULLETINS WASHINGTON UR dent Roosevelt Friday obtained an agreement for continued op erations in the nations captive coal mines pending further ne gotiations between the United Mine Workers union and steel company owners of the mines FORT OUSTER Mich A scheduled training trip of Fort Custer infantry and artillery to Camp McCoy Wis was post poned Friday and it was re ported without confirmation that the troops were being held inreadiness for strike duty at captive coal mines In Penn sylvania Roosevelt askingrAejCIO United Mine company heads to to avert a strike inVtKeS captive coal mines told them Friday that the government will never compel the minority nonunion miners af fected by the dispute to join the union j tellygfo frankly he said that the government of the United States will not order nor will congress pass legislation ordering a socalled closed shop The union is askinga union shop in the mines which supply coal to steel mills busy on defense orders Such art arrangement would require that all employes become members of the union aft er a probationary period f The ttosedshouc lance provides that the employer may not hire any man who is not a union member Thepresident asked the mine union leaders and the steel rep resentatives togive him a re port on an agreement to continue production by Monday or at least a progress report A spokesman for the Mine Workers announced soon after ward that they would accede to the request for three days of di rect negotiation on the dispute The chief executive released a statement which declared un equivocably that the cessation oE production of coalwould create a further danger to American de fense and that it was the indis putable obligation of the presi dent to see that necessary coal productionbe continued and not stopped With no element of threat the chief executive disclosed that he had toldthree representatives of the CIO and three of big steel firms in a white house confer ence that iflegislation became necessary to keep coal produc tion going congress would be asked to pass it MrRoosevelt two gestions to the conferees they continue nego tiations and if no conclusion is reached lhat the point or points at issue be submitted to an ar biter with production continu ing meanwhile they consider other methods relating to employment Mr Roosevelt did not amplify this point The statement was in part a transcript of remarks Mr Roose velt had made at the white house between him self and the steel and coal execu tives Chief issue in the captive coal mine controversy is the union shop All but a small portion of the 53000 miners in the captive mines largely owned by the steel com panies and producing fuel for steel production are members of the United Mine Workers union Noting that 95 per cent or more of these employes belong to this union Mr Roosevelt declared flatly The government will never compel this remaining 5 per cent to join the onion by a gov ernment decree That would be too much likethe Hitler meth ods toward labor And he declared furthermore that neither nor the congress by legislation would order a socalled closed shop I mast reiterate the state ment said because of the need ft continuing and speed ing up the defense needs of the United States because they are so clearly Involved and because tack of coal for our steel plants would Injnre the defense of the nation It is a national necessity that the production o this coal fce continued without delay And so I am asking never am asking you sug to please talk over this problem of continuing coal production Jf you cantagree today keep oh conferring tomorrow and Sunday I dont want any action that is precipitate I want every chance given And let me have some kind of a report pn Monday re port of agreement or at least a report that you are making prog ress The white house conference took place shortly after the pol icy committee of the ClOUnited Mine Workers voted to continue the UMWs fight for a union shop inthe captive mines which sup ply the nations bigftsteel mills The three labor CIO President Philip Murray CIO Secretary Treasurer Thomas Kennedy and John L Leuis united mine workers president came out first and Lewis re marked Any statement will come from the white house Xhe labor leaders solemn faced departed alone with no indication whether they might return They said the steel com pany executives were wrestling with their overcoats but the latter did not follow them out of the white house for some time This led to conjectures as to whether the labor triumvirate might have walked out of the conference orders in a resolution to the three CIO officials as they were leav ing for the white house to con tinue their efforts to secure a set tlement in the controversy to conform to the provisions of the Appalachian agreement On other labor fronts these were top developments Meeting in Chicago representa tives of midwest truck line opera tors and nearly sSOOOOO AFL drivers held a meeting Friday in an effort to avert a strike threat ened for Sunday morning The drivers want their present mileage boosted from 3 to 5 cents and the rate for pickupand delivery work increased from 80 cents to SI an hour Truck operations in 11 midwest states including Iowa and Ne braska would be affected A threatened strike of long line telephone workers in 42 states was postponed for at least a week while the tl S conciliation ser vice attempted to setle the in dependent u n i o ns differences with the American Telephone and Telegraph company The walk out originally had been set for midnight Friday night The union demanded a 4 per cent wage increase for Us 15000 members Their current pay ranges from to a week REDSMOSCOW ARMIES DRIVE GERMANS BACK T CounterAttacks of Russ Recapture 20 Villages Near Kalinin By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Russias red armies claimed the most extensive series of victories in the war with Germany Friday covering every major theater Irom RostovonDonin the far south to the frozen Arctic regions Mur mansk Only in the Crimea by soviet accounts was the situation still critical Before Moscow the red armies pressing a furious counteroffen sive were reported to have stormed and recaptured 20 vil lages in the past 24 hours in the Kalinin sector and German mili tary dispatches admitted that the Russians were attacking in con siderable force1 with tanks and infantry In Die battle of Leningrad the soviet radio said Russian troops had broken clear through nazi siege lines around the old czarist capital which the Germans had said was virtually sealed off from the rest of the U S S R At Rostov guarding the north ern approach to the Caucasus the Russians said they had routed a motorized division Hitlers elite guards The entire nazi drive in that key sector was reported all Defense Savings Stamps for sale at GlobeGazette Business office Weather Report FORECAST MASON cloudi ness and warmer followed by light rain Friday night becom ing fair and colder Saturday All temperatures above freezing Southerly winds increasing to 25 to 35 miles Friday afternoon and Friday night shifting to west and northwest Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 53 Minimum in night 28 At 8 am Friday 31 Precipitation Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 15 Minimum 4 EXTENDED FORECAST Extended forecast for the period from p m Friday Nov 14 to p m Wednesday Nov 19 Upper Mississippi peratures will average near normal except below normal in Minne sota northwestern Wisconsin and northwestern Iowa Warm at be ginning colder Saturday and Sat urday night in Minnesota Wiscon sin and Iowa and Saturday night and Sunday in Illinois and Indiana remaining near or below normal remainder of period Precipitation will average heavy except moder ate in Indiana and southern Illi nois occurring as rain early in pe riod and again toward end of pe riod rain changing to light snow over northern and central sections Revision of Neutrality Act Passed By DONALD A YOUNG WASHINGTON merchantmen regained complete freedom of the seas Friday by act of congress and with it the right to mount guns and shoot if at tacked The house finished the legis lative job in a suspensepacked historic v session Thursdayx by scrapping the neutrality act amendments which since 1939 have prohibited American ship ping from entering the combat zones or belligerent harbors The vote was 212 to tremendous majority but a very sweet victory to administration leaders who had been haunted by visions ot a photo finish where two or three votes could mean de feat The final roll call climaxed the hardest battle yet waged to up hold President Roosevelts nand iJi f news reported also that tankled Ger man shock troops had been thrown back from the outskirts of Tula 100 miles south of Mos cow after a bloody two weeks battle The Germans were here Thurs day Friday only their corpses are here Tass said The news agency said the Ger mans hurled 15 consecutive tank attacks at the little village of Rodezhesriy on the southern out skirts of Tula and gained a tem porary foothold before being smashed back with heavy casual ties Soviet dispatches reported a se ries of smashing counterblows at Kalinin 95 miles northwest of Moscow at Maloyaroslavets 65 miles southwest of the capital and in the far north around the Arctic port of Murmansk The soviet radio said the ini tiative in the 43dayold battle of Moscow had now definitely Passed into red army hanfls In the Crimea campaign a bul letin from Adolf Hitlers field headquarters asserted that Ger man troops were in front ot Kerch gateway to the Caucasus oil fields with the city and har bor under the fire of nazi artil lery Thursday the high command declared German assault troops ac tually were storming the port Soviet reinforcements some of them from the RostovonDon sec tor were reported racing to de fend the Caucasus coast against a German drive across the narrow Kerch strait from the Crimea Dispatches to Red Star the soviet army newspaper said Gen Gregory K Zbnkovs cen tral front armies had driven the Germans from the east bank of the Nara river in the Maloyaro slavets sector and dislodged the nazis from a fortified height there in fierce handtohand fighting On the Leningrad front BBC quoted the Moscow radio as re porting that Russian infantry with artillery and divebombing aircraft support stormed through the enemy lines and broke through to the rear in the face of strong resistance Tass the official soviet news agency said Russian troops in the Arctic Murmansk zone had cap tured several strategic heights and forced the Germans to retreat sev eral kilometers Bad weather lengthened the luil m the RAFs air offensive against and the government said there were casualties and some damage at one undesignated place E Galbraith 55 purchasing agent for the south central district of the Union Pacific railroad died Thurs day He formerly was Omaha of fice manager for the company Million Dollar Damage Is Caused by Western Quake Temblor Rocks Los 2 lowans Voted With Majority WASHINGTON is the way Iowa congressmen vot ed in the houses 212 to 194 ap proval of amendments remov ing restrictions from the neu trality act In favor Paul Cunningham Des Moines and Karl 91 Le Compte Corydon both republi cans Opposed Thomas E Martin Iowa City Fred C Gilchrist 1 Isen F Jensen afld Vincent F rington Sioux City democrat William S Jacobsen demo crat from Clinton is a member of a congressional committee making an inspection trip in Jamaica and therefore was ab sent when the rolt call was taken a matter affecting foreign policy And it came after the tense house heard a dramatic lastminute ap peal from the president By its vote the house joined the senate in broadening the original house shiparming bill to end all neutrality act restric tions on the movement of ves sels flying the stars and stripes Just as soon as the legislation was approved Speaker Rayburn quickly affixed his signature and the strokes of his pen began the official scratching of the neutral ity act bans from the statute books There remained the formality of adding the signature of V i c e President Wallace before the mea sure could go to the white house for the final name Franklin D Roosevelt However an objection by Senator McNary the minority leader made it necessary for Wallace to wait untilthe sen ate reconvenes Monday before signing Nevertheless there was abun dant evidence that the technicality ol the brief threeday delay would not prevent the administration from putting the legislation into speedy effect On contrary reports were current lhat the preliminary work for the arming of cargo vessels may already be under way The navy department said merely that plans were ready to proceed at once Informed marine circles in New York said the United States already had armed some of its merchant ships manned them with navy gun crews and had them ready for instant action They said this was done in anticipation hat na difficulty was expected in revising neu trality act regulations Some ships have been operating under the Panamanian flag with V S navy gun crews aboard Use of the Panama flag was expected to be discontinued In addition to arming ships against submarine and plane at tack some of Americas fastest cargopassenger liners have been equipped as armed merchant cruisers these sources said All craft Shipping firms operating pas senger Vessels to neutral nations such as the American Kxport lines Lisbon run expressed hope that their ships would not be armed because they said gunsinvite German Jf Shown above is the British aircraft carrier Ark Roval sunk many times by axis propagandists in the past but actually sunk Thursday by an axis submarine according to London authorities Angeies Suburbs Torrance Hit Hard LOS ANGELES violent earthquake the most severe in eight years rocked the metropoli tan area Friday causing an esti mated damage in one suburban community alone William H Stanger superin tendent of the Torrance Water Department put the million dol lar figure on that citys losses Several gasoline and oil tanks and pipe lines burst creating a fire hazard But equipment rushed into the area from Los Angeles and other cities stood guard and not a single blaze was reported Police reported no deaths or in juries thie busy Columbia steel miUs closed because of a seepage from a broken pipe line Three hundred residents of a Torrance Mexican Pueblo were evacuated as gasoline gushed from two nearby storage tanks Torrance fire trucks were moved because of extensive damage to fire head quarters Power was off in some sections for several hours Telephone serv ice suffered considerably Guests fled the 30 room two story Hotel Torrance in sub nrban Torrance as the temblor showered bricks into the street Fire inspectors condemned the building and ordered the guests to find lodgings elsewhere They said a few other buildings would be condemned and or dered torn down The quake occurred at a m a m CST and lasted from a few seconds to IB or 20 seconds in Torrance Gardena and Long Beach the hardest hit areas Two small machine shops tool ing instruments for aircraft and other southern California defense industries were so badly damaged that Torrance firemen said it might be several days before work could be resumed One wall of the Torrance thea ter collapsed but all patrons and employes had left American Legion members were called out to prevent the curious from venturing too close to damaged buildings Heavy fog badly hampered in vestigators and slowed traffic to a few an hour Men women and children hud dled in automobiles for warmth as they hesitated to return to their homes until they felt it would be safe Another slight shock was felt in Torrance at a m In Gardena the tower of tht justice court building was knocked off and thrown through the roof of a nearby building The Bank of America branch and half a dozen stores were damaged and stocks oj goods were strewn on floors The temblor was the third in Los Angeles ciunty in five months and the worst since a 1933 quake killed ISO persons The quake opened a thin crack in a 12 story apartment building in Long Beach blew out a trans former at the Los Angeles ship yards with a resultant spectacu lar display of blue flames and darkened suburban areas 30 sec onds to five minutes At Wilmington in the harbor area two General Petroleum com pany field tanks containing a large amount of oil split open There was no fire and firemen quickly established a guard at the scene The Gardena fire department reported bricks and plate glass windows from several buildings crashed into Vermont Avenue am there were scattered reports oi few other broken window panes Most disconcerting angle from a police standpoint was the clamor set up by burglar alarms in many business areas Tremors frequently set oft the alarms and officers were kept running from one to another until all were quieted The quake apparently centered m Long Beach where most of tht 1933 damage and deaths occurred and ran along the old Inglewoo fault BRITISH ADMIT GIANT VESSEL IS TORPEDOED More Than 60 Hurt in Loss of Ship Near Gibraltar BULLETIN LA LINEA Spain AP hirtytwo men are known to have been killed and more than 60 injured in the loss of the British aircraft carrier Ark Royal according to reports reach ing this border town just opposite Gibraltar Friday night These reports from Gibraltar said the big war ship went down about 45 miles east of Gibraltar By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS LONDON three year old aircraft carrier Ark Royal was torpedoed late Thursday east of Gibraltar probably by an Italian submarine and sank early Friday despite a desperate effort to bring the listing giant safely to port She carried down with her an undisclosed number of her crew of about 1600 men who remained aboard in the struggle to save the ship The story of the sinking pieced together from the ad miraltys brief announce ment and word in authorita rioejou ern ealiforniarEdisbn company was shaken down Long Beach where onequake of 18 to 20 seconds duration was felt Two long rolling temblors shooL downtown Los AngeJes The firs lasted some 8 seconds and the other only three seconds later about 10 seconds Santa Barbara hardest hit by t June temblor felt Fridays Also feeling tbc quake in vari ous degrees were Beverly Hills Hollywood Pasadena Glendale Whitticr Inglewood May wood Hawthorne Rcdondo Manhattan and Hermosa Beaches Alhambra Santa Monica Compton and San Pedro Plane With Envoys Is Missing TEHERAN Ian 6 p The societ embassy said Friday evening that it still had no new of the plane in which U S Am bassador Laurence A Sleinhardt Russian Ambassador Maxim Lit vinoff and about a dozen others are reported missing enroute her from Kuibyshev Russia The British legation here report ed that an American woman jour nalist Alice Moats and an Ameri can magazine writer Quentin Key nolds were among the passengers The Russian embassy said it hat received up to nightfall no reports from either South Russia or North Iranian airfields along the route Officials cautioned against alarm however A report Thursday that the plane had landed at Pahleviv Iranian Caspian seaport proved erroneous the embassy said A Shuttle plane flying from the Caucasian port of Baku had been mistakenly identified as the plane carrying the ambassadors officials explained However communications will the interior of Russia are consider ably delayed and a Moslem holi day prevented a thorough checl of northeran Iran by the tele graph authorities Therefore Rus sian and British sources said alarm over the lack of news was not jus tified The plane left Kuibyshev Rus sia Wednesday Both Steinhardt and Litvinoff are enroute to Washington Health and Welfare Day Friday is Health andWelfare Day in Civilian Defense week Health and Welfare Day takes as its theme the fact that the TT v rif a itself depends as much upon the health i Ark KojalwasriplJii action when she was torpedoed and that she was enroute to Gib raltar Many of the company re mained aboard after the hit or hits and helped to keep the Ark Royal afloat in low during the hours of darkness as she lilted further and further Many worked to Ihe very end She finally rolled under tfie sea short of Gibraltar and safely The loss was belated fulfillment of many a German claim since the beginning of the war that the carrier had been sunk The concise communique said that the 22000 ton floating air field sank somewhere on some undisclosed date while in tow after having been torpedoed She was the third aircraft car rier lost by Britain in the war and the newest of them all Loss of the Ark Royal was the greatest single blow suf fered by the British navy since the avenged sinking ol the bat tie cruiser Hood by the Ger man battleshipBismarck be tween Greenland and Iceland last May 2t The loss of the Ark Royal left the British however with more aircraft carriers than they had at the start of the in commission and two scheduled for completion in 1942 as indi cated by the naval manual Janes fighting ships Those believed in operation are the Eagle 22600 tons and the Furious 22450 both converted battleships the 23000 ton Illustri ous which has been repaired after a pounding in the Mediterranean the Illustrious newer sisterships the Victorious Formidableand Indomitable and 1he small 10 850 ton Hermes wbich carries 15 planes Scheduled for completion in 1912 and possibly completed al ready are the implacable and In defatigable sisters of the Il lustrious The Illustrious wan last reported under repair in the United States after she had been bombed and all but sunk in the Mediterranean the Germans frequent ly had claimed sinking the great flattopped ship neither they nor the Italians had made any such claim recently and the first news of the loss was the admiraltys own communique The admiralty issued an obitu ary on the Ark Royal tracing her brilliant service and recounting among other things that she had shot down or severely damaged more than 100 German and Ital ian planes Among the Ark Royals exploits listed by the admiralty were tor pedo hits by her planes on the Bismarck bombing of an talian oil refinery at Leghorn and the airdrome and railway junction at Pisa during the fleets bombard ment of Genoa in February this year and the torpedoing or bomb ing of an Italian battleship cruis
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