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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 27, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORYAND ARCHIVES UOINCS IA HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKSS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY THt BRIGHT t SPOT MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 27 1941 oanjiwJAJt 27 1941 THIS PAPEB CONSISTS or TWO SECTION ONE NO 303 U S LAUNCHES 14 CARGO VESSELS RUSSIANS OF SUCCESS AT OTHER PLACES British May Rush Troops to Defense of Caucasus Region By THE ASSOCIATED PEES The German high command Saturday announced conclusion of the battle of encirclement east o Kiev with destruction of five en tire soviet armies and capture of 665000 prisoners But the Russians claimed new successes everywhere else along the front and the British strong Jy intimated they might rush troops to the defense of the Caucasus Adolf H i 11 e rs headquarters claiming a victory which is un paralleled in world history re ported seizure or destruction of 3718 Russian cannon 885 tanks and great quantities of other war equipment The exploitation of these suc cesses is in full swing a com 1 munique stated Informed Germans also said the source of the Volga river in the north near Seliger lake had been in nazi hands for several days A soviet communique on the other hand announced red army successes in a sustained drive on the central of the Kiev repulse ol a strong German attack on Leningrad Defenders of the Crimean peninsula which is the key to foil control ofthe Black sea declared to have cut down thousands of German soldiers to storm the approaches to that stronghold While the British reported con tinued overnight air raids against Cologne and other German cities despite bad weather the empire appeared to be shaping up a major move to hasten troops from India and the near east through Iran lor the defense of Russias vital and oil wealthy Caucasus region Observers in London pointed to a number of signs indicating such a British step and stressedthat speed was imperative since the Germans are hammering at the Crimea almost at the door of the Caucasus Reports from Russia said the Crimeas defenders were mowing down thousands of Germans at the approaches to that peninsular soviet republic London sources put the nazi attacking force at about 70000 men including parachute troops It was said in the British capital that capture of the Crimea would give the Germans partial command of the Black sea and make a sea invasion of the Cau casus a possibility The Germans continued press ing against the Leningrad defenses and fighting was general south of Russias secondlargest city In formed Germans in Berlin report ed that the source of the Volga river in Seliger lake halfway be tween Moscow and Leningrad was in German hands The British meanwhile strength ened their position in Turkey an nouncing that a British firm would build dock facilities of consider able military significance at the Turkish port ot Alexandrctta Following British consignment of some Americanmade planes to Turkey observers regarded this as a further indication that Tur key would not yield to axis over tures Continuing trouble for Germany in occupied countries of Europe was disclosed with announcement in the Brussels press that 20 communist hostages of unstated nationality had been executed Friday supposedly for theft of explosives which were used to at tack trains Claim 5 Red Armies Destroyed at Kiev TELL British Assault at Sea ITJ1I IAN nFPDCC Corrcsnnnrlpnt A German flak orantiaircraft vessel i to the captumvfor this pictkrfe whileBlenheim bombers splattered the sea withtheir ex from which this picture was made center 3USt dropped thc bombs bursting in lowan Is Killed in Motorcycle Accident DYERSVILLE W Schemmel 26 of Worthington Iowa was killed Friday night in motorcycle accident near Far ley Iowa STUKAS USED TO QUELL REVOLT Jugoslav Town of Uzice Reported to Have Been Destroyed BUDAPEST Hungary Newspaper dispatches reported Saturday that Stuka dive bombing planes and artillery had completely destroyed the Jugoslav town of Uzice on the BelgradeSarajevo railroad as the result of persistent guerilla activities Uzice a town of 32000 situated n woodcovered rocky mountains n which the guerillas aremost active is famous as a Serb political and intellectual center and it is raditiona that every Jugoslav cabinet contains up to lour men rom there Jugoslav newspapers were quot ed that a threeday battle at the Bosnian town of Doboj had ended and that 300 rebels and 20 mem ers of the Croat army had been killed The reports did not say which side won the battle Other dispatches said 14 mem bers of a guerilla band had been executed after their capture by Serb troops at the village of Ro zanci and that in the woods nearby 26 guerillas were killed in fighting Heyrich Is Named Reichs Protector in Bohemia and Moravia BERLIN Hitler Sat urday appointed Reinhard Heyd nch chief of security and right hand man to Heinrich Himmler reicns protector in Bohemia and Moravia Heydrich succeeds Baron Con stantm von Ncurath at Prague The official announcement said von Ncurath former foreign min ister had requested the fuehrer temporarily to relieve him of his duties in former CzechoSlo vakia until he has regained his GRAHL MAKES REPORT DES MOINES Gen Charles H Grahl Iowa selective service director has asked local draft boards to postpone induction of college students whose numbers Knox States US on War Threshold WASHINGTON of the Navy Knox and Senator Thomas DUtah urged in sepa rate declarations Saturday that neutrality act restrictions be lifted to give the United States a free hand in protecting its world inter ests Knox asserted in an article in the foreign commerce weekly that the United States stands todayon the threshold of World war No 2 I was against the neutrality acts at the time of their pas sage hc said I can only once asain urge their repeal The magazine for which he wrote is an official publication of the department of commerce Senator Thomas said he was opposed to tying the hands of the chief executive in this time of crisis and proposed that President Koosevelt be given complete dis cretionary authority to scrap the neutrality legislation We have been abandoning our neutrality step by step Thomas a highranking member of the foreign relations committee fold reporters There is not much left of the neutrality act now except the prohibitions against the arm ing of merchant ships against sendmr ships into bellijerenl ports and against Americans traveling on belligerent vessels Ihcre arc some parts of the neutrality law which might be retained such as that providing government control over muni tion exports but I think he presi dent should be given a free hand to decide what is needed and what is not Body of Sailor Is Found on Lonely Road icar here Friday night Investigat ors were sent to Charleston where Kuchcra was second boatswains destroyer Police ITALIAN DECREE Correspondent Finds Russian Soldiers Well Equipped and Other Measures to Conserve Material Approved by Cabinet ROME bread Sat urday was ordered rationed start ing next Wednesday and a group of measures was approved by the cabinet to converve material de fend the lira and pay for the war through heavy taxation of profits The rationing was aimouncoc after Premier Mussolini informec the cabinet that the 1941 grain crop was insufficient for the countrys needs Most of the measures revised and reinforced previous decrees intended to discourage Italians from investingtheir cash in property or industrial securities rather than government bonds with which Italy is paying for the war Chief among the cabinets rul ings were these 1 The basic daily bread ration was fixed at 200 grams about six and onehalf ounces with ordin ary workers allowed 300 grams or about 10 ounces and workers at heavy tasks 400 grams or about 13 ounces 2 A uniform 20 per cent tax on profits from the sale of business securities listed on stock ex changes was substituted for a previous scale running up to 5 cent ATiW brokers surtax of four per cent to be paid by the buyer was imposed 3 Certain shares of private companies were ordered regis tered to prevent evasion ot a 20 per cent tax on their profits 4 Partly for military secur ity against air raids and partly to stimulate industrial develop ment plants are to be decen tralized in zones of new hydro electric power in southern Italy Sicily ami Sardinia 5 Foreigners were allowed to buy clothing and other consumer goods on the same basis as lans providing they have fixed residence in Italy 6 Government and fascist party agents and representatives pub lic institutions are to lee that pri vate concerns operate effective Iy 7 The fascist party was given a voice m the filling of public of fices to guarantee that appointees are good fascists BULLETINS MOSCOW A bigscale and fierce battle is going on day and night outside the defenses of Crimea the official spokesman said Saturday and the Germans nave suffered huge casualties in vainly trying to achieve a break through WIn a farflung battle which raged for hours Sat urday over northern France and the English channel British flyers were declared authoritatively to have shot down 21 German planes with a loss of 14 of their own MOSCOW The German besiegers of Leningrad already have lost lens of thousands of lives but they will not capture the city no matctr how many more tens of thousands of Ger man lives are lost Vice Foreign Commissar S A Lozovsky of ficial press spokesman declared Saturday Air Battleship Rolled Into Open BALTIMORE navys flying boat ever built was rolled out into the open for the first ong and with a 20D foot sprcad is powered with four 2000 horsepower motors It will carry normal crew of eleven and if troop transport could EDITORS NOTE Wallace Carroll manager of the United Press London Bureau is a for eign corresponent with a wide background in many European capitals He covered the battle of Britain and went to Moscow after the RussoGerman war began By WALLACE CAKROLL WITH THE RED AHMY ON THE CENTRAL FRONT tU For six days I have been touring the Yelyna and Yartsevo sectors of this front living with the men who inflicted on the German armv its first defeat in this war As the result it is possible to give for picture of what the really looks like It is no heelclicking army no army of blustering top ser geants and rasping colonels who stopped learning about war 20 years ago It is above all ayoung army Marshal Semyon Timoshenko commanding on this front ha reached tho highest rank at 45 an age at which even able men are lucky io bo colonels in seme arm ies One of Timoshenkos leading officers Lieut Gen Vassily Sokol ovsky is 43 Many captains are in their middle twenties The men too are young Most of them ap pear to be under 27 Have those young officers anc men got the initiative demanded W this war DjJjghtning tank thrusts and air attacks My guess is that they have This is the only army which encourages individual initiative by publishing the exploits of ob scure gunners lank men and aviators in the formal daily communiques which appear in every newspaper in the soviet union In the underground club houses behind the front line where of ficers and men spend their rest periods I have heard political commissars encouraging men to recount their exploits to arouse a spirit of emulation in their units ine commissars themselves seem mostly young men and one of their 33bs is to single out young officers and men who show enterprise and daring and push their promotion This army is well disciplined A noncommissioned officer still ad dresses the head of his division as colonel comrade but he salutes smartly when he does so Other reforms introduced by Marshal Timoshenko after the RussoFin nish war still separate messes and club rooms for offi and men and the obligatory execution of officers orders with out the right of appeal What about equipment The infantry looked as well equipped as Ihat of any army in the world In the last war many czanst troops never held a rifle until they reached the front line and obtained one from a wounded or killed comrade This army has plenty of rifles and knows how to use them The red army training puis much stress on sharpshooting At the international shooting com petition at London in 1937 with 212 teams from 28 countries par ticipating the Russian team took first place Next year it took the first six prizes The infantry also seems to Iiavc plenty of good automatic rifles and I have seen some shock troops witn tommy guns very much like American ones There apparently are plenty of hcavy and light machine guns Reports were spread during the iussoFinnish war that red troops were dressed like scare crows They were completely false The Russian soldier wears a service able uniform Most soldiers wear ong brown overcoats well warm cut Russian weather f Most of the troops have strong leather knee boots and they never hesitate a second to plunge into the deepest mud which does not seem o slow Incm at all Other men have valenki high felt boots and warm puttees All troops wear Mich State Michigan Missouri Ohio State helmets which like he German ones go well down in back to protect he neck The officers also are well dressed and well equipped with pistols field glasses compasses and leather map eases An amaz ing number ot officers and men carry the Russian version of a famous German camera which costs more than 5100 in the United States This army of the central front seems to have plenty of artillery The Russians call artillery the God of modern war and they have taken great pains to pro duce good guns and good artil lery officers On the battlefield of Yelnya I have seen the devasta ting accuracy of the Russian artil trendies smashed in every few feet the winding road behind the German lines holed every three or four yards the German artillery posi ions looking like punchboards Subsidy to Be Paid on Cotton Sent to Canada WASHINGTON agri culture department announced Saturday that it would make a direct subsidy of two and a half cents a pound on cotton exported toCanada inan cfforF to In crease exports of the United States crop Department officials said the new subsidy program which is subject to daily change in rates would be in addition to a Ca nadian export program announced ten days ago Under the previous program exporters were permitted to re place any cotton sent to Canada from government loan stocks at 1ound n middling cotton The new program gives exporters an additional 2a cents Although officials declined com ment it appeared that the new direct subsidy would enable United States cotton to compete in Ca nadian markets with that grown in isouth American countries DECLARESPACT AIMED AT U S Nazi Paper Says Three Power Treaty Makes America Act Carefully LOOK INSIDE FOR BERNARD SAW1CKI Ordered to Die But Wins Cigaret Pack PAGE 2 Iowa State Beats Denver U 7 to 6 SPOSlS PAGE Scout Court of Honor at Hampton on Tuesday STATE PAGE tripower chiefly and has BERLIN axis pact is directed against the United States MU nus forced Washington to act carefully the newspaper Koclnisehe Zeitung said Saturday in commenting on the first anniversary of the al liance among Germany Italy and Japan The tripower pact by mere ex istence has already had important effects the newspaper said The United States against whom it was chiefly directed as a warning found it necessary to act carefully regardless of how much President Roosevelt might have iked lo lead his country into ef fective war on Britains side The open entry of the United Slates into the war against the axis Bowers would make thc tripower pacts effective and would result in i JapaneseAmerican and a Japa neseBritish war Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop arranged a reception tor axis diplomats Saturday night but the time and place were not disclosed KILLED WHEN HIT BY TRAIN WAVERLY Murphy killed by a frcsht train at a Waverly crossing about mid night Friday train wheels scvcr ng his head from the body Murphy recently sued his wife For divorce alleging desertion NEAR FREEZING IS FORECAST Showers in Offing for North and West Shift in Winds Reported DES MOINES freez ig weather was forecast for northwest Iowa Saturday night with the rest of the state cooling off Sunday following a shift in strong winds from southerly to northerly Showers also are in the offing for the north andwest Saturday night with cloudy weather which was general Saturday continuing Sunday Temperatures averaged about degrees above normal Saturday morning Fridays high was 75 at Mount Ayr and the low Friday night was 50 at Iowa Falls It was 54 in Mason City Church Must Lead in Peace Schisler Says E S T H E R V I L L E h e church must assume a place of leadership in the preparation ot people for peace Doctor John Q Schisler of Nashville Tcnn de clared atthe northwest Iowa con ference of the Methodist church Friday nijiht Doctor Schisler a member of the churchs board of education added that Christian education must be recognized as an essential function ot a church in a democracy LIBERTY FLEET DAY OBSERVED IN HUGE OUTPUT F R Declares Mass Launchings Telling Blow Against Menace WASHINGTON Roosevelt acclaimed Saturdays launching of 14 cargo ships as a telling blow at the menace o our nation and emphasized his in tention to protect American mer chantmen from torpedo from shell or from bomb The chief executives con gratulations on tlie largest mass launching since World war days were sent in a cribed message to Ihc Atlantic Pacific and Gulf yards where Hie new vessels slid down the ways at intervals from dawn o dusk Americas shipbuilders the pres ident said have caught the true spirit with which all this nation must be imbued if Hitler and other aggressors of his ilk ave lo be prevented from crusliin us We Americans as a whole he continued cannot listen to those few Americans who preach the gospel of siy in effect that they are still in favor of freedom of the seas but who would have the United States tie up our vessels in our ports That attitude is neither truthful or honest We propose that these ships sail the seas as they are intended to We propose to the best of our ability to protect them from tor pedo from shell or from bomb The day was designated nly Fleet Day to mark the first launching of emergency freighters In the maritime com missions vast construction pro gram Three of the liberty called ugly ducklings because of their workaday on Sat urdays launching schedule The first of the M cargo ships slid down the ways at a m CST in the Sun Shipbuilding and Drydock company yards at Chester Pa She was the 8800 ton motor ship Surprise Sponsoring the vessel was Mrs Walter F George wife of Senator George of Georgia As the ship hit thewater of the Delaware river Mrs George re leased six carrier pigeons that winged southward bearing news of the successful launching to the maritime commission in Wash ington Mr Roosevelt noted that the first ot the liberty ships built at Baltimore was to bo called the Patrick Henry and lie re called that revolutionary patriots famous demand Give me liberty or qivc me death There shall be no death for America for democracy for freedom the president pro claimed There must be liberty vorkhvidc and eternal That is our pledge to all mankind The nation shipbuilding pro gram must be speeded to an eventual goal of two vessels every day Mr Roosevelt asserted And he bespoke for cooperation oC allAmericans whether living on the scacoasts or far inland As 2 nation lie said we have realized that our export trade and our import trade Iiad a definitely good effect on the life of families nol only on our coasts but on the farms and in Hie cities a hundred or a thou sand miles from salt water The navy this week also reached he fastest launching pace since tne start of the twoocean con struction program Six warships including tlic battleship Massa Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Cloudy showers and cooler Saturday night Sunj day partly cloudy and cooler Southerly winds 25 to 35 miles an hour shirting to northerly Saturday night IOWA Cloudy showers cooler in west and north portions Tem peratures near freezing in north west portion Saturday night Sunday partly cloudy cooler in I east and south portions South chusctts slid into thc water The crly winds 25 to 35 miles an hour shifting lo northerly Sat urday afternoon and Saturday night MINNESOTA Partly fair preceded by rain with temperature north and west Saturday mght Sunday fair warmer northwest in afternoon North erly xvmds 2030 mph dimin ishing early Saturday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 67 Minimum Friday night 54 At 8 a m Saturday 53 YEAR AGO Maxitnum other five were destroyers The maritime commissions present construction program calls for thc completion of mately 1400 mercllant ships by the end ot 1943 with the presi dents twoaday goal expected to be reached next spring Designed for rapid construction and lacking the speed and re finements of thc Cboats the liberty ship has an overall length of m feet 6 inches a beam of 07 feet a total displacement of 14100 tons and will carry a gen eral cargo of 9M6 tons Its speed approximates II knots Contracts for the construction of 312 ugly ducklings have been awarded Of these 112 are sched uled to go to thc British under Icndlease act Vanderbilt Purdue Detroit Indiana Final
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