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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 15, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AHO ARCHIVES S UOINES I A VOL XLVII ASSOCIATED PBESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES IIVZ CKKTS A COPY THI NEWSPAKR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 15 1941 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT k SPOT 4 THIS PAPKB CONStSTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 292 U S TO PROTECT BOATS TO ICELAND Mass Air Battles Rage Over Leningrad RAF Pilots Aid in East By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS German tanks artillery and troops were reported storming Leningrads main outer defense bulwarks Monday with nazi highvelocity shells smashing into a ring sixfoot concrete bunk ers in a climatic assault on the old czarist capital The Germans acknowledging bitter soviet resistance said the bunker system was equal to anything they encountered in the blitzkrieg sweeps through France or Belgium but declared the attack was progressing suc cessfully They said 4500000 Russians were trapped in the Leningrad area Nazi military observers as serted that the eastern front aflame from the Karelian isthmus to the Black sea was ripening for the successes which the high command announced were un folding German troops were reported by the high command to have cracked Leningrads defense front at one point while on the southern front the Russians admitted that a nazi pincers inpyeroent was tightening the trap iarbundKievV 1 Ankaraforecast a seaborne German drive asainst lie Bns sian Crimea site ofthe bie sov iet Black Sea naval base of Seb astopol There were reports that the Germans had ordered all Rumanian and Bulgarian Black sea ports closed in commercial shipping The nazi order capped repeated rumors that both German and Italian troops were being massed in Bulgarian ports for tin attempt to land forces behind Russias Dnieper river defense line in the Ukraine Dispatches from Sofia said par tial mobilization of the Bulgarian army had been ordered for Mon day Advices reaching London said the Germans already had thrust into flie Perekop area on the thin neck of land connecting the Cri mea with the U S S R mainland Previously the Germans had claimed the capture of Zhaporoze on the main railway line connect ing Sebastopol with northern sources of supply While spectacular mass air battles ragedover Leningrad the British reported they were rushing RAF pilots into the 86 day old struggle on the eastern front London newspapers said the first British flyers to arrive in Russia several squadrons sironir already had Rone into action presumably in defense of Leningrad The Daily Telegraph said it was reasonable to assume that the newlyarrived RAF unit was only the advance guard of a large fighter contingent destined for the i mite onuitatXL Winston Churchill announced last week that hundreds of RAF fighter planes were being sent to the U S S R With the battle of Leningrad flaming toward a climax the Ger mans quoted soviet prisoners as saying that defenders of the old czarist capital were dynamiting huge blocks of buildings in the city to clear the line for artillery and machinegun fire in a street bystrcet defense In he skies the Russians re ported 100 planes engaged in the latest duel with the Germans fleeing after losing 17 aircraft Adolf Hitlers high command declared that the encirclement of Tanks Take Louisiana Town Nazis Shell Leningrad Bunker Defense EXPECT TO BE MADE ON CRIMEA BY SEA Says Gestapo Official Was Sent to U S NEW YORK confessed i nazi spy testified in federal court Monday that a high ranking offi cial of the German gestapo came here in 1938 to organize an es pionage ring for the rcich The witness was plump Elsa Weustenfeld a placid middle aged Yorkville secretary who with 16 others has pleaded guilty to spy ing out United States defense secrets and sending them to Ger many j Miss Weustenfeld who has been an American citizen for 14 years was the first member of the spy ing ring to turn against her erst while colleagues 16 of whom are on trial from the witness stand She directly linked Lily Stein who also has pleaded guilty and Frederick J Duquesne one of the defendants to the nazi espionage system which agents of the fed eral bureau of investigation un covered in 16 months of counter espionage work lioops of the First Armored Division nicknamed Old Ironsides demonstrated how they would take a village held by enemy troops Rolling into town are some of the arniys new medium tanks while three A20 attack planes of the SecondTank Force of Barksdale Field La which supported the laml attack roar over Defending the tosvn Casper La are antitank gun units of the division and a company of infantrr lett and right Leningrad bad been further tightened in stubborn fighting for possession of modernly con structed fortifications Soviet dispatches conceded the loss of several settlements on the bank ofthe at the ap of them offensive in the east are progressing success fully the German high command said Repeated enemy counter attacks supported by heavy tanks collapsed While acknowledging a grave new threat to Kiev the Ukraine capital the Russians declared that Marsha Semeon Timoshenkos Red armies were hurling the Ger mans back in a smashing coun teroffensive on the central front Soviet troops were reported within 12 miles of burned and wrecked Smolensk key city on the Napoleonic road to Moscow with Russian artillery shelling German positions around it Other Red Forces were said to be light ing near Yaraevo 27 miles north east of Smolensk On the southern front the Rus sians said Hitlers invasion armies north and south of Kiev were try ing to meet behind the city Only last Friday the Russians admitted they had withdrawn from Cherni gov 80 miles north of Kiev be tween the Dnieper and Desna riv All Tanks Made in Britain in Week to Be Sent to Russia LONDON Beaver brook minister of supply an nounced Monday that all the tanks manufactured in Britain during the week beginning Sept 22 will be sent to Russia In a message exhorting workers in tank fac tories to put forth their utmost efforts Beaverbrook said the sevenday output would be dis patched to the nation whose sol diers today are fighting in the same shining cause as Britain Pope Urges Prayer for Shortening of War VATICAN CITY Pius XII asked Catholics through out the world Monday to nray during the month of October tor a shortening of the war His ap h sentatives in each country the RAF Arrival in Russia Shows Leningrad Position Critical By DEWITT MACKENZIE The appearance of Britishmanned warplanes on the Russian front presumablyto assist fhTiWif in tfeirdefense of the naz siege of Leningrad is a notable demonstration of allied it seems to me that it must be taken as emphasizing ihat the position of this and strategically vita city is critical These planes are believed London to have been the bolshevist front by way of the Arctic port of Mur m a n s k The unit is being d e s c ribed vaguely as a xv i n g but this likely means s o m e thing like forty planes with full RAF force including ground personnel Informed quarters in London say that further strong air rein forcements are to follow but by the slower route through Persia So this first comparatively small expeditionary force represents a needle to try to pull Leningrad through a mighty tough situation These British warplanes may prove a Godsend to the hard pressed reds for Berlin tells us that the German airforce has as usual been a tower ot strength in i the nazi offensive Forty British fightinff planes whatever the number may a small force as compared with the total war planes in action alonr the Russo German front but they can be of big aid in a crisis Right now is the critical time for both the nazis and the bol shevists in the bloody battle rag ing along the extended front from Leningrad to the Black sea Hit ler has perhaps a fortnight of fairly good weather left in which to get himself favorably set for the the reds are straining every nerve to prevent this The fcuhrer can have little hope that he wont have to hold a front in Russia through the winter but he will have maneuvered himself brilliant Russian defense at Odessa and along the Dnieper must be knocked out and the German lines placed farther east As things now stand it is pos sible that the nazis will achieve a considerable portion of this program A treat deal must de pend on the weather which al ready is beginning to break in northern Russia Quick arrival of further British air reinforce ments might influence the pos ition With so much of the strategical position in Russia confused in the minds of the general public b conflicting claims it is natural that the question of who really is winning should be constantly a1 the fore I think the answer musl be at the moment that if the query relates to the European war as a whole then the Russians have advanced the allied cause im measurably If the question re lates only to the trend of the RussoGerman war then we musl say that Hitler is pushing the reds very hard indeed F R and Congress Chiefs Act 3 NORTH IOWA HOTEL HOLDUPS ARECLEAREDUP Le Mars Trio Arrested for Hampton Algona and Le Mars Robberies Three North robberies were SOLDIERS DIE IN GAR CRASH Funeral Planned for Raymond Campbell Emmetsburg Casualty serv ices will be held here Tuesday aft ernoon for Raymond Campbell 23 Emmetsburg killed Saturday nightwhile returning to his home on furlough from Chanute field at Rantoul III Rites will be held in the Methodist church and burial in Evergreen cemetery will be in charge of the Foy funeral home if Campbell a graduate of Em metsburg high school enlisted last January for a three year term in the army air corps tech nical school and had been sta tioned at Chanute field since then Saturday he was graduated from the basic course and was enroule home for a 15 day vaca tion when Ihe car in which was riding driven by Vernon Dahl was involved in a irash near Marengo The soldiers car sideswiped an other machine and then struck the concrete rail of a bridge over a small creek Frank Custer of Belle Plains and Campbell were killed instantly Dah received oniy mi nor injuries The Emmetsburg youth is sur vived by his mother Mrs Frank Campbell of Emmetsburg two sis tevs Mrs R H Kaler of Red Oak and Mrs Curtis Knudson of Cy linder and a brother Richard Campbell of Graettingcr His fa ther was killed 10 years ago when nm over by a gravel truck near Spencer Raymond Campbell had lived in Emmelsburg all his life day with that the the last Iowa hotel solved Sun announcement of a trio of young fugitives had been ap prehended at Las Vegas Nev He was Tommy Holton of Le Mars Officials planned to leave Monday for Nevada to bring him back for questioning He was arrested there at the in stance of North Iowa officers One or more of the trio all from Le Mars figured in robberies a Hampton and Le Mars and a stickup at Algona according to signed confessions obtained by Max Studer of the state depart ment of investigation Cooperating in the roundup of the bandits were Sheriff Frank Scholer Le Mars Plymouth coun ty Sheriff Art Cogley Algona Kossuth county ami Sheriff Fred Schwieger Hampton Franklin county The other two members of he trio are Kenneth Hanson now in the Plymouth county jail and Donald Kissinger now in the Franklin county jail All three 34 years old The first deal pulledoff by the ring was at the Coonley hotel at Hampton early on the morning of May 30 Hanson a former em ploye of the hotel waited outside while his partner Kissinger pos ing as a representative of an air craft school registered While tiie on Advisability of Change Raybum Says WASHINGTON r e s i dent Roosevelt Monday conferred with his congressional leaders nn the advisability of revising the neutrality law which now bars American merchant ships from war zones such as British ports Speaker Srmi Rryburu disclosed No conclusions ivere reached Rayburn said either on wheth er an attempt should be made to revise Ihe act or on what specific changes might tie de sired by the administration The neutrality taw besides pro hibiting American merchant ships from sailing to ports of bellig erents or into combat zones pre vents the aiming of these ves sels regardless of where they op erate Raybuin would not elaborate on the details of the discussion I Nor would he say whether the i president was interested more j particularly in permitting the American ships to sail into comj bat zones or in changing the law so they could be aimed There have been reports that the administration is consider ing arming vessels operating iietwecn the Atlantic coast and American outposts in Nen1 foundlaml Labrador Green land and Iceland and to Red sea ports The waters of these shipping routes have been the scene ot increasing nai ac tivity The sinking near Iceland of American ships sailing under the flag of Panama was among the incidents cited by Mr Roosevelt last week when he announced that the U S will shoot on sight all axis warships found in Ameri can defense waters Many in administration circles believed the new naval nolicy T would be given a thorough test cu1rlyu by before Mi Roosevelt decided ouL wlth whether to precipitate a limt ls latter was bein room according shown to his to Sheriff Fred ing the act into such a position as to do this with the least effort if he can r liquidate several difficulties He jvas made must capture Leningrad he must T hold his line in the center opposite Moscow Kiev great rail center 11 Obser and capital of the Ukraine must announced be captured The stubborn and Axis in Pacific on Lanes Leading From Panama Plans to Start Daily Newspaper in Chicago PANAMA CITY sources said Monday that marine and shipping authorities have known for some time that an axis raider believed to be a heavily armed merchantman has been operating in the Pacific ocean off the Panama canal The raider was believed to be operating in sea lanes leading from the canal to the west coast of the United States and to Australia New Zealand and the Netherlands East Indies Sev eral British and Dutch ships known to have sailed from New Zealand and Dutch East Indies ports are considerably overdue here DRAKE PROFESSOR DIES DES MOINES Frank I Herriott 73 authority on the early history of Iowa and political science professor at Drake uni versity since 1903 died of peri Wooden Hairpins May Be Fashionable for US WASHINGTON tfVFace officials believP A WASHINGTON powder hairpins cooking uten sils sporting goods toys electri cal appliances ash trays and other gadgets on Ihe counters of retail stores this fall are going to show the effects of the defense program OPM officials said Monday Shortages of critical materials needed in the armament program are being felt sharply in scores of industries which make common household articles Few defense officials believe however that many widely used items will dis appear entirely from the market Substitutes wll take the place of aluminum zinc copper and other scarce materials Here are a few of the changes likely to be made Hairpins of wood or plastics in stad of high grade wires cello phane waxed paper and trans parent plastic wrappings instead of tinfoil for cheese candy bars stesd of aluminum enamelware chewing gum and tea refriger ator trays of plastics or glass in of alu other metal hickory shafts are iikcly to become more popular on golf clubs for there will be little highgrade sheet steel available for steel ones linen fishing lines may become scarce Eventually officials say there will be extensive changes in toys for many of them are made of scarce metals One maker of toy telephone sets has curtailed his production inflalors for footballs and because of inability to get copper ills will be made of some wire and iron utensils instead minum The cork under bottle caps may be replaced wtih a rubber deriv ative or paper The nickel in bicycle lights horns and sirens may be sup planted by enamel steel NEW YORK fP Marshall Field publisher of New Yorks newspaper PM says he is work ing on plans to start a newmorn ing newspaper in Chicago and ex pects to make a definite an nouncement concerning the proj ect with 10 days Field snid that Silliman Evans president of Ihe VIL me uijmuLh r rmicis Nashville Tcnn Tcnnessean and Anderson 18 and others were interested in plans Schwieger of Franklin county Hanson came in opened the safe without any trouble because lie was familiar with the combina tion and took more than S350 in cash from if Meanwhile Holton guarded the stairway On June 28 according to a con fession signed by Hanson he and Holton held up the Algona hotel at the point of a gun and gnl away with a considerable amount of cash f Robbery of the Union hotel at Le Mars on Auff 18 accord ing to the same confession was carried out by Hanson alone at which place he jrot away with about S100 in cash Kissinger was picked up Friday night at Algona by Mr Studur and Sheriff Cogley Officials waited until apprehen sion of Holton to break the news of the confessions however al though Kissinger had been ar rested Friday and Hanson had been in jail for some time They believe that Koltnn was the ringleader of the gang 2 Rescued After Boat Upsets in Spirit Lake SPIRIT LAKE Johns 27 and Stewart Randall 30 both of Webster City were rescued Sun Th fn day when their boat overturned lhe fo1 in high waves a mile from shore in Spirit Lake by two youths from DCS Moincs The brothers Francis bases at such Atlantic points HS the KNOX SAYS NEW NAVYPOLICYTO BEGIN TUESDAY Warships Ordered to Destroy Any Axis Subs Raiders Encountered MILWAUKEE President Roosevelt in a message to the American Legion convention Monday called tor unity behind his order to the navy to shoot at axis warships and Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox revealed in an address that Ihe new policy starts Tuesday and extends to Iceland Mr Roosevelt called for unity ot purpose unity of sentiment and a keen desire to make whatever sacrifices may be necessary in or der to attain our objective That objective he said is to meet the steps taken by aggressor nations Knox announced that begin ninjt Tuesday the American navy will provide protection as adequate as we can make it for ships of every flag carryine lendaid supplies between the American continent and the waters adjacent to Iceland The Panamanian freighters Montana and Sessa have been sunk in those waters since Aug 17 Knox said President Roosevelts address to the world Thursday night was Americas answer to j Germanys attempt to torpedo the U S destroyer Greer in the I North Atlantic last week Mr Roosevelt said the shooton sight policy was effective im mediately Knox did not explain sionnl neutrality act Establishment over changing Ihe of A m c ii c n Azores or Cape Verde islands would be another way ot in creasing the effectiveness of American war aid without chang Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Considerable cloiidincss scattered showers and thunderstorms M o n d a y night and Tuesday Continued warm IOWA Considerable cloudiness scattered showers and thunder storms Monday night and Tues day cooler extreme west Mon day night why it was delayed until Tuesday Although Knox avoided the particular word convoy his an nouncement recalled the inter pretation given President Roose velts shootonsight speech of Thursday night in London parti by the British Press i jubi Guard Our Ships After Legion Commander Miles J Warner had read the presidcnts ircssage to the convention Knox delivered the address in which he revealed that bcginniijig Tuesday and cast Tuesday not much j change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlnbeGazetle weather statistics Maximum Sunday 82 Minimum Sunday night 62 At 8 a m Monday 63 Hain 55 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 71 Minimum Des Moines and Derrold 15 made the YEAR AGO the rescue after their molorboal stalled J three times in Ihe rough water i Italian Sub Falls Victim to the British Depth charges by British warships are reported to have forced this Italian nne to the surface in the Mediterranean sea The cmv is beinjf transferred to ships A few minutes later the submarine sank according to the British censor U S naval forces will provide protection as adequate as we con make it for ships carrying lend lease supplies between the United States and waters around Iceland Krom its beginnings the American navy has fought for freedom of the seas Knox told the convention Jl is figlitlnff for hat vital principle nosv and tiie officers and men who are making this gallant light to uphold this prin ciple in the far reaches of the North Atlantic and elsewhere have the unquestioned and loyal support of a substantially unani mous American public MINNESOTA Considerable cloud 1nox Roosevelts iness scattered showers and I nlciress Thursday night was thunderstorms Mumlav night I Germany s attempt to torpedo the destroyer Greer inthe North Atlantic Inst week The president said Thurs day that the shoot on sight order was effective at once Knox did not explain the delay until Tuesday The president Knox said an nounced to the world that come what may American aid tr Britain was to be delivered where it could be used to help in the fight against Hitler in maximum de gree Beginning Ameri can navy will provide protection as adequate as we can make it for ships of every flag carrying lend 5 aid supplies between the American continent and the waters adjacent to Iceland Knox said These ships are ordered In capture or destroy by every means at their disposal axis controlled submarines or sur face raiders encountered in waters That is our answer to Mr Hitlers declaration hit he will try to sink every ship vessels encounter on the routes leading from the United to British ports Knoxsaid President Roosevelt had exercised the same constitu tional power that previously had been used by President John Adams to protect shipping in the Caribbean sea by President Thomas Jefferson to destroy the corsairs in the Mediterranean and by President Andrew Jackson to protect American ships from Ma layan pirates Discussing the nations defense production program Knox said no nation in history has ever equalled the record in productiv ity that we have made in the past year Despite the harping of ill informed critics and the dcma gogucry of those who seek to make political capital out ot ouc Maximum Saturday Minimum in night At R a m Sunday Rain 12 Maximum Minimum 77 60 T2 72 40 subnia British
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