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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 13, 1941, Mason City, Iowa COIWP DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY A NO A 3 C HI V S Cei MJINCr I A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPV THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY SEPTEMBER MASON cirr IRIGHT i JOT 4 THIS PAPKR CONSISTS Of TWO SECTIONS REDS GUUM 25 TOWNS RECAPTURED Against jj 5 BRITISH THINK REPLY TO F R WILL BE FIGHT Believe Move Would Be Made for Military Psychological Reasons By JOE ALEX MORRIS United Press Foreign News Editor Adolf Hitler may be de bating Saturday whether to make a formal declaration of Avar against the United States The belief in high Brit ish circles that Hitler even tually might seek impor tant psychological and mili tary advantages by declar ing war on the United States if he were convinced that it is inevitable any way was no secret last spring when I was in Lon don The same view has been expressed privately in Berlin by authoritative Ger man sources Now President Roosevelts seizure of the initiative by ordering American warships to shoot first at axis sub marines in defense of western iiia iif B61S lin that Hitler is compelled to take appropriate retalia tory measures These measures it is empha sized significantly by the nazis will be determined by is by Hitler No militaryruler ever faced a decision more certain to influence the future chapters of history It is doubly significant for Hitler at a time the red armys resist ance lo his hitherto invincible le fiions is stirring trouble through out Germanoccupied Europe and permitting time for the American industrial machine to be geared to war production And this Hitler wanted to been forced closer by a series of fate ful perhaps unavoidable events First Mr Roosevelt adopted totalitarian tactics to put Ameri can production including de livery in Britain and Russia behind the war against nazism and to seize the Hitler by ordering a shooting war against axis submarines in American waters This is in ef fect a modernized version ol convoying of delivering the goods In many ways the chief executive has gone as far in support of the antiaxis armies as the United States would have been able to go now even under a formal declaration of war Second Hitler must halt the flow of goods from the arsenal ol democracy or face the increas ingly grave danger of losing a long war This is the real crux of Hit lers problem His methods throughout have centered on keep ing America passive reducing American aid to the allies to a minimum Third in order to attempl effec tively to interrupt the flow of sup plies to Britain and Russia the German submarines must now de fy as Rome snd Berlin have in dicated they would the orders which Mr Roosevelt gave the United States navy lo shoot them on sight inside the vast western hemisphere zone Failure to Invade this zone in order to attach ships enroute to Britain would limit the axis un derscas boats lo a comparatively small part of the Atlantic be tween Iceland and Scotland where all of Britains naval and aerial escort strength could be concentrated Furthermore a question of nazi prestige already injured in Russia despite vast military advances would be involved in failure to challenge Mr Roosevelt Fourth in order to defy the presidents order the axis sub marines tor their own safety must be prepared to shoot first if they get a chance No naval commander would send Uboat into a zone where hundreds of hostile ships were looking for a chance lo de stroy it without instructions to defend itself The Germans therefore faced a choice of abandoning attacks Mason City Youth Osage Man Killed Wharam Coe 19 son of Mr and Mrs Wayne Coe of Mason City died at Fertile early Saturday morning of skull fracture suffered in an automobile accident Friday eve ning a mile and a half north of Hanlontown Young Coe was ridin in an automobile with Mr and Mrs Wellinjr Theilen ana their in fant daughter all of Waterloo The hree Theilens received cuts and bruises and the car was badly damaged The accident occurred when he i Theilen automobile coming over i a small hill took to the shoulder to avoid striking a hayrack on the highway which was driven by Ted Theilen brother of the driver of the car The automobile struck a bridge head All four occupants of the car were taken to a Fertile doctor for treatment Ellis Coe was a twin brother of Mrs Theilen The occupants of the car were on the way to spend the weekend with Mr Theilens par ents Mr and Mrs Henry Theilen who live two miles north of Han lontown Young Coes funeral services will be held at the Patterson fu neral home in Mason City Tues day at 2 p m Other arrangements have not been completed May Arm U S Merchantmen w F DRMAY ASK STEP AS MEANS OF PROTECTION all hislife Hewas graduatedfrom Mason City high school with the class of 1941 Survivors include four brothers i Keith in Hawaii and James Dick f and Duanc all at home also two i sisters Mrs Theilen and Ruth Anne Coe at home and a grandI mother Mrs Ada Wharam Mason City ROEHR 74 DIES OSAGE Alvin G Roehr 74 i died Saturday morning at a local hospital of injuries suffered in an accident while working in tiie field on his farm near here Fri day afternoon Mr Roehr received serious chest injuries and other cuts and bruises when he was run over by his tractor and plow Although he was alone at the time it was thought that the plow had struck a fence post throwing him from the tractor and beneath its wheels He was not found until sup pertime Friday night When he did not come in for the evening meal his family investigated and found him crawling along a fence toward the house He was rushed to the hospital for treatment Fu neral arrangements have not been completed Mr Roehr was born in Germany and came to the United States when Seven years old He had lived in Mitchell county for 30 years Survivors include his wife and eight children Loren o Rudd Mrs L C Lohr and Mrs Ella Howe of Rockford Clyde of Lyle Klinn Leonard of Osage Donald and Mrs Herman Brandon Wa terloo and Dale at home on the BritishRussian supply route in the most favorable At lantic zone or risking conflict with United Slates warships Hitler cannot show weakness by abandoning the attacks and there fore must choose whether to risk the loss of submarines without a declaration of war or to attempt to capitalize on a challenge lo the 1 United States N The steamship Montana formerly the Danish sliip L aula pictured above in front torpedoed off Iceland is the tourth Americanowned merchant ship to be sunk by bel ligerent action since midspring of this year The U S S Greetan American destroyer was attacked off Iceland bept 4 but both torpedoes aimed at her by a submarine missed Central Press map above shows where and when the five ships were attacked TAKEN BY RINGSTED THIEF Jack Sprat Store Owned by C Benson Burglarized Friday RINGSTED burglar broke into the Carl Benson Jack Sprat oy a southerly breeze store here Friday night and look j spread over Iowa Saturday Showers or thunderstorms wet ENTIRE STATE MAY GET RAIN Temperatures Varied irrlowa Southern Section Has Rainfall Discussion of Move Intensified as 4th USOwned Ship Is Sunk BULLETIN WASHINGTON UR1 The stale department said Satur day that the third officer aboard the American freighter Steel Seafarer which was bombed and sunk In the Ked sea had identified the attacking airplane as German WASHINGTON arm ing of American merchant ships was described in authoritative quarters Saturday as a step likely to be proposed by the administra tion supplementing President Roosevelts orders to the navy tc shoot first at axis warcraft in American defense waters Discussion of such a move intensified with news of the torpedoing of an American owned freighter carrying lum ber to Iceland an attack which occurred Thursday morning but which was not announced until Friday The arming of merchantmen was reported to have been dis cussed briefly at a white house conference when President Roose velt gave congressional leaders a preview of his Thursday night radio address One legislator said he came away with the impres sion thai it was only a matter of time until the suggestion would be put into concrete form Such a step it was pointed out would require congressional re at least of the neutrality act since that law specifically prohibits American commercial vessels from carry ing other than small arms Another problem would be to obtain the necessary guns in view of the keen demand for such weapons by the United States army and navy and by the British as well The latest reported attack on an Americanowned vessel took place even before the president told the world that he had ordered the navy to defend shipping against the rattlesnakes of the Atlantic nazi raiders submarines and The state department said the navy had learned that the 1700 ton freighter Montana of Pan amanian registry and with a for eign crew had been torpedoed off the latitude GEN JOHN J PER5IHNG Former U S Army Leader Reaches 81 PAGE 2 Holy Family Beats Buffalo Center 370 SPORTS PAGE North lowan Heads Poultry Conclave STATE PAGE guns that would be needed lor any such large scile program Speculation on the effects of the presidents address continued to hold the attention of congress Chairman Connally DTex of the senate foreign relations committee commented that he hoped there would he no shoot ing as a result of he presi dents orders but he added We do not propose to be the only targets if the starts Senator Gillette an other member of ilic committee said it appeared inevitable to him that the administration soon would ask for revision not only of the neutrality law but ot a provision oC the leaselend act stating that nothing in the law authorized the use of convoys He said he regarded the estab lishment of convoys as the next logical proposal and expected the suggestion to be made subse quently thai American ships be allowed to carry war supplies anywhere in the world At Knlispell Mont Senator Wheeler an outspoken opponent of administration for eign policies charged in an ad dress Friday night that the presi dent in his speech in effect said to the people ol he United States 1 am coin to take you into a shooting as far as ttie navy is concerned without submitting 8 Ships in Convoy Sunk I by Nazi Subs j LONDON by hvo j Uboat attacks and an air assault f m a raging storm and just miss rag a fight with a German surface raider the bulk of a British con voy in the Atlantic nevertheless reached port with tile loss of but i eight ships the admiralty said Saturday 1 Three ships of the convoy were sunk by torpedoes and four by bombs One ship damaged by a bomb later foundered in the gale it was said The admiralty highly prais ing the conduct of the men of the convoy gave credit in large measure for bringing the ma jority of the craft through the hazardous situations lo Lieut Commander G A T h r I n e DSO in command of the senior escort shin The Germans claimed Satur day tl merchant ships of 164003 tons and three wnr altaok on a convoy of 40 ships7 Far out at sea the convoy attacked first by Uhoats and two ships were hit and sunk in a few minules according to the British account The steamer Brandenburg picked up nearly all the men from i one of the torpedoed ships while the sloop Deptford lowered a boat for the rescue of the other crew men and went to hunt the Uboat Later the Deptford picked up her boat loaded with survivors fromi the second torpedoed ship I j An air attack by six fouren gined German bombers came 12 lioitrs later One merchant ship was sunk outright and two others sank soon The engine room of n fourth was wrecked and the ship had to be abandoned A fifth ship was struck by a bomb but signalled thai she could carry on Boat crews res cued the survivors of all the bombed ships FIERCE BATTLE NOW RAGING IN CENTRAL FRONT Nazis Push Toward Kiev Russ Smash 2 German Tank Getmany and Russia Sat urday reported a tremendous battle on the central sector of the eastern iront in which both sides claimed successes The operations which may lie the most important of he war extended from the Kiev area northeast ward to the Bryansk sector and involved offensive drives of great strength by both sides Moscow said that a great red 1 army offensive had smasher from the Bryansk area south westward through Tubchevsk smashing two German tank corps possibly 80000 men anil three infantry divisions recap tured 25 villages and continued pursuit of the enemy across a countryside desolated and ablaze by bailie O Berlin said that German armies pushing southeast ward from Gomel were ap proaching Konotop about 100 miles northeast of Kiev and the Russians admitted loss of the important town of Chernigov in this offensive which would threaten not only Kiev but the entire red army defenses in the Ukraine if it continues The pattern into which these drives fit was begun weeks ago when the G e r m ji n s smasnud through Gomel and then tried lei throw twin spearheads northeast The second Uboat attack was aSailli Bryansk and southeast to made the following mornig Tile lln tile Ukraine defenders on Brandenburg with more than tne eastcrr ot the Dnieper double her own complement was hit and sank al once Only one man was saved Two ships attacked the The Russians now report they have smashed the spearhead aimed at Bryansk and Moscow tit Itlu IVLQSCOW nne and possibly damaged it the md if they tan continue to drive driven by a W southe coast of Greenland at I the question to 63 degrees 40 minutes uj Helices iu minutes i 35 dcgrecs 50iMunitions Plant at urday An as not j Sheriff Cliff Frederickson of Estherville was investigating the burglary Saturday No clues were available as to the identity of the thief The burglar first entered a store room in the rear by remov ing a screen then broke two bar locks to enter the main store He smashed the combination lock on the safe and took about in currency then broke open a tin box and removed S300 in bills Included in the booty were IS silver dollars which Mr Benson had been keeping as curios The Authorities said the bandit ap parently was familiar with the store and with the city in that he broke into the only store intown which carried so much cash on other breakins were hand No reported rf j no There are certain disadvantages hief went through the merchants to a declaration of war on the I books but replaced them neatly United States even if Hitler has I ic safe Upon leaving the decided that warfare is inevitable i building he carefully covered up It would be contrary lo Hitlers I hs damage and replaced the program of meeting his foes onescrecn on the rear window by one It would shorten what ever lime might otherwise be lost in bringing American production power into full swing The fueh rers final decision probably will be determined by the success or failure of his armies in Russia in the near future Bnt months ago there were members of the British war cabinet who believed that a dec laration of war by Hitler against America might be a valuable and typical How on the part of Ihe naii leaders They argued that Hitler had nothing tolose if America were righting nazism anyway and that the psychologi cal effect of such a declaration would be of importance in con vincing Germans and all of Eur ope thai the rcich was strong enough to fight any combination of powers forecast for the entire sfate Sat urday night and Sunday It was raining early in many sections in the southwestern part of Iowa Temperatures varied the west ern half ot the state reporting marks 10 degrees above normal and the central section showing temperatures 5 degrees above normal Normal marks ported from the east Fridays high was 82 at Coun cil Bluffs Sioux City and Carroll The low for the night was 52 at City were re MRS NEWELL IS LEADING 4 UP BROOKUNE Mass Betty Hicks Newell of Long Beach Cal won three of the first five afternoon holes against Helen Sigcl of Philadelphia Saturday while building a fourup lead at the three quarters point of the 3G Womens National Ama WASHINGTON Iowa mw iturjolf championship match at r n jthe Country ciub KILLKD IN ACCIDENT MELVIN Remmers Jr 3 a farmer near Melvin was killed Friday when a tractor he DIES OF INJURIES i u vv O I ft v W Degolyar 70 of Omaha Nebr died Friday of injuries which re sulted from an automobile acci dcnt near here last Monday See Inside for College Grid Schedules was driving overturned him underneath pinning TVPO UNION MEETS BRAINEKD Minn h e Minnesota federation of typo graphical unions opened its an nual convention Saturday s an ported to h pedoing and watched the 26 man crew take lo lifeboats The state department said all hands were believed to be safe Few details ot the affair were released Whether the torpedo at tack sunk the vessel was undis closed Since the ship carried SOOOOO feet of lumber consigned lo the Icelandic government there was some speculation here thai she might still be afloit The Montana formerly called the Paula was one of the Danish i ships which lay idle for months in American ports before being requisitioned by the maritime commission and placed in opera tion The neutrality act forbids American ships and sailors from entering war yoncs but her reg istration was transferred lo Pan ama a foreign crew was signed and she was put in service carry ing supplies to Britain and Brit ains allies Congressional leaders were de clared o be analyzing the neu trality act carefully with the idea that congress later might be asked to authorize not only the arming of merchant ships but to permit them lo carry war materials inlo belligerent zones as well One highly placed legislalor forecast bitter opposition to the latter proposal if it was made He contended there would be less objection to installing guns so that American freighters could protect themselves to some ex tent from submarine surface raider or aerial attacks Beyond IhiF however was the problem of how lo obtain Ihe as not Ankeny hxpected to Be Completed Jan 1 DES MOINES tion work on Hie 530000000 small arms munitions plant at Ankeny will be completed shortly after Jan 1 Rudolph Wcitz general manager for the constructing con tractors said Friday Weather Report FORECAST British said forward in that Vector they may T pincn lhe olher German push day later Ihe convoy was i southeastward fiom Gomel to Hie yerman warship j Ukraine If they fail to continue the vicinity Lieutenant however the German strength in course and the Deptford prepared j have been sufficient to 10 coter Die convoy with a smoke down opposition slowly and might icier did not apj collapse the whole southern fionl For this season London ev pcrls regarded the operations as the most important of the war and described the red army situ ation as serious The1 central front battle over shadowed r c n e e rl Germnn thrusts at Leningrad Berlin some Leningrad defenses had been penetrated sfter heavy aerial bombardment over a period of The Russians said they had driven back German forces threatening Kiev from the west and that Odessa still held out firmly Counterblows by the Russians were reported still in progress nn other sectors especially in the region about 100 miles south of Leningrad where he Germans admitted that the red army had made important gains in in attempt to relieve the for mer czarist capital Berlin said screen but the Running into had weather the convoy was forced to heave to in n fierce gale for nlmosl two diys and nights it was then that the ship damaged in the air attack sank The entire crew was snvcc en extraordinarily rough scas 3 IOWA WOMEN DIE IN CRASH Fourth Is Critically Injured in Collision of Car and Oil Truck DES MOINES UPThrecv Greenfield women were killed and a fourth was critically injured and j MASON CITY Partly cloudy with sraltercet showers Satur kcc Saturday day night and Sunday warmer highway fi two miles c Saturday Two of th Saturday night cooler Sunday instanllJI nnct tak southerly breeze Satur1 mortuary The o day afternoon were brought lo Mercy women wore killed day lOWAt Partly cloudy scattered here where the third death oc currcd Saturday afternoon The truck driver Roy Brown DCS Moines escaped wilh cuts and occupants of the automobile nlv uiujjiiuuue IMI cues were h were identified by an employe o guard the mrrchanlmen the firm m whose name the car I was registered as Mrs Oric Bujler The German prcss added only George Wills Mrsj Invective to the official spokes showers nr thunderstorms Sat urday night and Sunday warm er cast and central Saturday night cooler west and north Sunday moderately strong southerly winds Saturday after noon MINNESOTA Cloudy showers or r rs eorge ls Mrs thunderstorms cooler north and Carl Chadwick and Mrs Earnest 1 extreme west Saturday night i Butler j Sunday cloudy showers cooler Mrs Wills was believed to be east and south moderately I the woman still alive Attendants strong southerly winds southsaid she mumbled the name and cast portions Saturday I Wills She suffered fracture of afternoon the arm leg and possibly skull IN MASON CITV j transfusion GlobeGazelle weather statistics i Maximum Friday Minimum in night iMscwncre die war was more liian ever a combination of diplo mntic and militarynaval matieu laken to an vcis In the Atlantic the Germans ilner two claimed that their Uboat attack y hospital on a 40 ship British convoy now had claimed 28 British merchant vessels of tons and three warships The type of warships was not indicated except for eavl icr statements that fast little Brit rvettes were helping to At 8 a m Saturday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 62 TO COMBAT DISEASK DES MOINES WPrepara lory work is under way for the organization of county poliomyel itis chapters in Iowa to affiliate with the national foundation in an effort to combat ihV lcp their anxiety etiori to combat the disease over permitting the American ex mans reply lo Trcsidcnt Roose velts order for the American navy lo shoot first in American defense waters against axis submarines But there was every indication from axis sources that the submarines would continue more cautiously perhaps to hunt enemy merchantmen in the American zones and that there wnuld be new encounters fn volvinc the American navy The put great emphasis on Ihcir statement that Mr decide the next indicating their anxiety
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