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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 12, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME f VET or HI STONY A NO HOME EDITION VOL XLVII ASSOCIATED TtU NfWSPAm THAT MAKiS All NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES HVX CENTS A MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 12 1941 MASON CITY THJ BRIGHT SPOT THIS PAPFB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 290 AXIS DEFIANT OF F R WARNING Hitler to Take Measures in Reply to Shoot First Order Belief U S Is Entering War Is Stressed by Axis Germany Italy Claim 26 Allied Ships Destroyed by Submarines Nazis Promise Developments EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA WASHINGTON state department an nounced Friday that the American owned steamship Mon tana flying the Panamanian flag had been torpedoed and sunk while enroute from the United States to Iceland By JOE ALEX MORRIS United Press Foreign News Editor Adolf Hitler was described officially Friday as compelled to take appropriate be determined by against President Roosevelts order for the American navy to shoot first at axis submarines and raiders in American de fense waters The determination of the axis to seize the initiative the necessity of shooting on sight at American warships and the belief that the United States was entering the conflict all were emphasized in official comment in Berlin and Rome on the presidents speech but the axis also replied with a claim that their submarines had destroyed 26 allied ships in the north Atlantic Berlin avoided a direct statement that German would fire pn American warships although the da said ithat they no alterna X that they would strike back in their own way andthat Mr Roosevelt would be solely responsible for the ensuing developments Whether the ensuing veiopments would be war the nazis did not say but Rome took the position that the present situation was tantamount to war and the Germans said that Mr Roosevelt was trying by lies and manu factured incidents to lead the American people into war Both Rome and Berlin ap peared more than ever to be preparing their people for American entry into the war at a time when the axis armed forces were fighting des perately against continued Rus sian counterattacks on the eastern front It was believed likely however that some spectacular axis opera tion in tKe Atlantic might be at tempted as an effort to illustrate the strength of Germany against any action that the United States may take and also to meet the pressing need interrupting American supplies to Britain and Russia The Uboat attack on the Brit ish convoy for instance was an nounced soon after Mr Roose velts speecli It was claimed that 22 ships were sunk two damaged so badly they were lost and two others sunk by Italian sub marines a total of more than 150 000 tons In addition nazi planes reported sinking three other ships off the British coast Britons welcomed Mr Roose velts speech as assuring ultimate victory in the war and Lord Hali fax said that it meant the Ameri can people not only would guar antee an increasing flow of Ameri can goods to Britain and Russia but that they would not permit Hitler to win the war British military experts how ever were inclined to be less opli mislic about the the latest de velopments on the eastern front They said the Germans appeared to be developing strong operations in the Arctic sector toward Mur mansk designed to cut off Brit ishAmerican supplies to in the Gomel sector of the cen tral front and on the lower Dnie per Thc question uppermost on thc military front it was be lieved was whether the red army could keep np the momen tum of their counter blows some of which the Germans claimed to have stopped and whether the new German ef forts o take the offensive again wonld succeed The outcome was highly uncer tain in view of late Berlin re ports whch admitted that the Rus sians had launched two counter attacks across the Volkhov and Luga rivers about 100 miles south of Leningrad in an effort to re lieve the besieged city The Ger mans also admitted stubborn Rus sian attacks on the cenlral front apparently in the Smolensk sector The Berlin and Rome news papers had joined in a mount in campaign this week de nouncing Mr Roosevelt and charging him with lying and false propaganda statements against the axis but devoted less attention than usual to military operations on the eastern front The reason for this may have been the furious Russian counter attacks against the German in vaders attacks which Moscow said Friday had spread to the low er Dnieper river where the Red army smashed its way back to the west bank at four points According to Moscow reports the Russian Ukraine forces had recaptured an important island in the Dnieper known as Khoritse in the Dnepropetrovsk industrial region and had retaken the vil lage of Oklha inflicting great cas ualties on the enemy On the central front the Rus sians also reported that their counterattack still was in prog ress and had broken up the German 47th tank corps and its supporting artillery and infan try units At Leningrad U was added the battle went on without important change while both Odessa and Kiev still held oat strongly In the Arctic there still were reports from London that a big German offensive was getting un der way in an effort to seize Mur mansk and thus cut the supply line from Britain and America bu Moscow gave no hint of develop ments there except for Thursdays claim of secondary successes on the midFinland front On the basis of dispatches from all three belligerent capital London Moscow and there seemed to be reason how ever for belief that the whole eastern front was entering a cru cial stage in which the Russian position was not too advantageous Berlin Tor instance spoke of offensive operations for the first time in recent days in re gard to the whole front claim ing that the main force of the Russian counterblows had been absorbed and that the nazi at tack forces were getting under way again In part London bolstered this view by reporting that the cen tral front seemed to be the key to the whole conflict and that the Germans were displaying new strength both on the lower Dnie per and in the area southeast of Gomel The Gomel sector has been one of the most important on the eastern front for weeks as the Germans sought to drive south eastward there to flank the Rus sians in the Ukraine Russian counterattacks were intended to relieve this threat but Moscow dispatch made no spe cific mention of that area Friday and the red army drive there may have played out for the moment Peace or War Issue Rests With Hitler By DEWITT MACKENZIE Foreign News Analyst President Roosevelts order to he fleet to shoot on sight when ever axis raiders invade Ameri cas defensive waters brings one to the obvious conclusion that a shooting war might develop The chief executives statement on this policy however makes it clear that we do not seek war and that there will be no shooting mless Germany continues to seek That puts the future square ly up to Herr Hitler Berlin thus far has given no indication of what is in his mind What we do know is that up to this juncture the nazi leaders have studiously avoided war with the LTnited States It he now forces he issue it will represent a com plete change in policy and one vhich it would seem hard to his ify from the standpoint of Ger iian strategical needs since the ast thing he can desire is to hare he American navy cut loose against him Still its possible that if the fuehrer believes he can liquidate Ihe Russian danger in thc near future he may contemplate an ather quick allout assault on Britain In that ease he might attempt to cut England off from American aid by attacks on our shipping There is small doubt that there will be further which will involve shootinr However while it is certain that each one of these is fraught with the danger of war it strikes me that if they were only occasional they might con tinue long before precipitating general hostilities Mr Roosevelts statement is a very sweeping declaration of free dom of the seas The definition of our field ot operations as in the waters which we deem necessary for our defense would seem lo be very flexible That field may be altered according to the circum stances of the mnmqnt It is clear in any event that we intend to send our merchant ships wherever we deem neces sary in order to bear aid to those who are waging war against the axis Those waters certainly in clude the Atlantic pathway to Iceland and the route through the Red sea to Egypt both of which have been declared danger zones by the axis powers This doesnt mean of course that the United States proposes to invade belligerent waters where hostilities are in prog English channel for example Thus Herr Hitler has a very considerable leeway to avoid trouble if he wants to The presidents omission of any reference to Japan was taken bv some observers to have specia significance as indicating a de sire not to say anything which might influence the very delicate conversations now proceeding be tween Washington and Tokio in an effort to reach an accord over the far eastern situation Equally notable was the state ment in Tokio by Koh Ishii Jap anese cabinet information bureau spokesman who said Japan ad hered to the general principles o freedom of the seas That particularly striking in view of the fact that Nippon has been tip in arms over our ship ment of war supplies lo the Hus sion port of Vladivostok All his would seem to speak well for the progress of the ne gotiation or at least indicates a real desire standing Here is President Roosevelt making his worldwide radio address from the white house in Washington m which he answered the axis challenge to freedom of the seas and warned German and Italian warcraft to keep out of all waters related to American de fense Note black band on the presidents sleeve His mother died last Sundav and was buried Tuesday to reach an under In This Issue A Ride in a Paper Boat The fascinating story of beautiful headstrong Halite Singleton the small town girl who married a handsome penniless young actor The story beginning in this issue of the GlobeGazette on the comic page will be followed from day to day by thousands of North lowons Dont miss a single installment Warning WASHINGTON terventionist congressmen charged Friday that President Roosevelts shootonsight speech was tanta mount to an unauthorized declar ation ot war against the axis but supporters of his foreign policy gave it unqualified approval Senator Guy M Gillette D Iowa member of the senate for eign affairs committee charac terized Ihe speech as a declar ation of war insofar as it can be declared without the action of the legislative branch Of course he said every American will support the com manderinchief in any course he takes in international relations however much we may disap prove of it But 5 would much rather the president be fore taking such action had sun initted it in a message to con gress Senator Claude Pepper D Kla staunch proponent of the admin istrations foreign policy and also a member or the foreign affairs committee said President Roose velts order for onsight shooting ot axis war vessels in American defense waters is the best way to defend ourselves He contended that the newly announced policy does not bring the United States closer to war because we are just protecting a limited objective We are just savins Dont do any shooting in oar front yard If you want o shoot go down the road a piece Other congressional comment Senator Gerald P Nyc R X new policy is putting us a whole lot nearer to a shooi ing war by presidential proclama tion It means convoys in spile of the law He the president has been issuing engraved invitations for trouble and when he gets the trouble he becomes blind to ex perience and to fact Chairman Tom Connally D Tex of the senate foreign relations at tacks upon our ships and our citizens and upon the ships of other nations trading with us are an arrogant and contemptuous defiance of international law and the rights of our people If our ships or our citi zens are attacked we shall de fend them I hope our destroy ers will shoot hard and straight House Republican Leader Jo seph W Slartin Jr This means move closer to the shooting The president has told the country what his course ot action will be in event nazi ships appear within certain Senaior AHen J Ellender D speech is an unmistak able challenge to the axis powers that our government will no longer tolerate the sinkings of our ships and also will give protection to all ships engaged in commerce our defensive waters All of which spells a shooting war Senator George D Aiken R presidents statement that he has ordered the army as well as the navy to keep Ameri can defense waters clear ot hos tile ships seems to indicate that ne might send an expeditionary force abroad without going to con gress for a declaration of war Chairman Sol Bloom D N Y of the house foreign affairs com warning that president assailants gives of our rights of freedom oC the sea will attack us at their peri Chairman David I Walsh D Mass of the senate naval affairs president now without the consent of congress puts our navy into merchant con voy service with full acknowledge ment that this invites German at tack The people of America who have been praying and hoping for peace will deplore the presidents provocative utterances and his seeming open invitation to a shooting war Senator Elhcrt D Thomas D my opinion the presi dents speech was many weeks overdue Senator Pat McCarran D was practically a dec laration of war and it exceeded the powers of the president He is acting unconstitutionally and without authority Senate Democratic Leader Al my NEW HAMPTON YOUTH KILLED Believe Angelo Gilbert Slept at Wheel of Car Had Been at Spillville NEW Gil bert 20 son of Mr and Mrs j Herbert Gilbert of Crcsco was killed four miles north of here j eaily Friday morning wlicn his car left the highway and crashed Dentli wus caused by a crushed chest Sheriff George C Murray said that he believed Gilbert had gone lo sleep at the wheel The youthwas returning alone from Spiilville where he had attended a dance Gilbert was graduated from New Hampton high school in 1839 and was employed as a clerk in a local auto appliance store He is survived by his brother Ray mond who is a student at New Hampton high school and his par Germanys Actions to Determine U S Defensive Waters Roosevelt Bluntly Bars Vast Reaches of Seas From Raiders Carrying German Italian Flags WASHINGTON of Stale Hull indicated Friday that Germanys actions will determine what areas the United States will consider defensive waters in which Americanwarships will shoot first in their patrols lo de 1end shipping against axis attacks Asked lo define the waters concerned Hull told report ers it must be remembered that the United States confront ed a world movement of force for the purpose of conquest of continents and seas The discussion was on President Roosevelts speeclt Thursday night in which the president bluntly barred vast reaches of the seas to what lie called rattlesnake raiders carrying the flags of Germany and Italy Mr Roosevelt backed up the no trespass order with guns of the United States fleet i f if x j The opposing forces Hull said will have something to i say concerning areas of the sea which the United States may or may not find necessary to defend in order to protect this hemisphere Asked whether the Unite States would now send a formal note lo the German government ie sinking oE three nazi attacks on Amerij American owned merchant canshtpping Hull simply referred j men r questioners lo President Ronsc The sole responsibility rente yells speech un Germany said Mr Roose In Berlin Ihe German high vclt of Ihe future command countered the speech There will be no shnnting un the announcement that Uj less Germany continues to seek boots had sunk al least 11 ships tit out of it Britainbound convoy and an authorized sprkesi man declared All Roosevelts 1 contentions are lie1 ents Funeral arrangements are in complete The death was the fourth auto fatality in Chickasaw county this year KELLER INJURED OUT OF SERIES NEW YORK Kel ler star Yankee left fielder was found Friday to have suffered a chip fracture of the right ankle and probably will not be able to play again this season The ankle was placed in a cast Dr Emmett Walsh Yankee club ceive the overwhelming approval j physician said there wasnt a of the people chance that Keller would be able Senate Republican Leader10 1hc worlcj scriesThc Charles L McNary loss would dconve the American ben W Barkley opinion he could pursue no other course and I feel that it will re But let this warning be clear From now on U German nr Ital ian vessels of war enter the wa ters the protection of which ii necessary for American dcfense they do so at their own peril While critics were aroused by the Van A fascist spokesman in Rome Nays Dlnd called them an md German ships alarming exposed to deliberate address drew Would Fight U S i in Self Defense said Italian were now aggressive action of American warships and consequently would have to attack in selfdefense it they could not escape SHr Roosevelt said in his speech that ships of all flags would be protected in defensive waters by the United States Hull said that the United States had not officially notified the German government of he waters it considers necessary to patrol for the protection of American in terests and that the German gov ernment had not officially in formed this government or tlie waters it seeks to prohibit lo Brftishaid shipping I I In reply to a question the sec retary said that the defense base established in Labrador men tioned by tlie president Thursday been established for hemispheric defense but would add no details Hull said there was nothing i ew on JapaneseAmerican re Utions on which he could com ment at this lime He had been asked why the presidential ad dress had omitted any mention of Japan An unauthorized declaration of very sirong speech Thursdays game Bllt outlined a program which we1 nk5c as vnal should follow and which we will rOit At first thc follow thought to be a simple sprain Senaior Alexander Wiley R i ur grave pronouncement riTm FOr on a grave occasion which may Ll lv result in this nations third un declared war ciated by the president are nee Group Seeks Members Every Iowa County re was no disagreement hat the president meant vvai His instructions to thc fleet ef fective at once were specific strike first without waiting when ever axis raiders are encountered hereafter in the defensive wa ters of the United States He said ships of any flag would be pro tected from raiders in those seas essary at this time Senaior Joseph II Ball R shooting order brings us very close to a shooting war But if it is necessary to win the battle of the Atlantic then it must be done Senator Joseph F Guffcv D agree with the president 100 per cent Senator Ernest W McFarland D dont believe in sub marines interfering with our de fense so lo that extent I agree with him DES MOINES George That in brief was thc burden of j Cosson chairman of the newlyltho I formed Iowa branch of Fight lor Freedom has called a meeting here Saturday of organization powers and to the other coun what if tain T31 members from each Iowa con tries of the world no matlcr what eeutive day nighl to Ihe nation to Ihe j fndefensivi 4 n I UtrleililNI round of biparti san approval highlighted by the indorsement of Wendell L Will hie and the statement ot Senator j Thomas DUlah that driving 1 pirates off or out of tlie seas is i not war 1 To Britain the presidents i words were welcome and the London press hailed them in j headlines which clarioned U j S to guard our ships F D R orders sink nazis in U S seas The British radio announced Hitlers expulsion from the At lantic 15 starting immediately The official response however was left for a person of equal Prime Minister Winston Churchill Rome and Berlin displayed nn hurry to comment But actually German commentators had antici pated the speech by several hours denouncing Mr Roosevelt roundly as a warmonger who intended his address to excite public opin ion in the United States Accuses Nazis of j Ruthless Sub War In Canada the presidents words were considered stronger than any previous assertions and the gen eral opinion seemed to be that the United Suites had moved a step closer to actual participation in a shooting war There was an echo of a by gone shooting war when Sir Roosevelt flatly accused Ger many of waging ruthless unrestricted submarine war fare It was the resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare early In 1917 that brought Jhe severance of diplomatic rela tions with Germany which pre ceded the United Stales entry into the World war As for the unrestricted sub warfare of 1941 Presi Ihe United ready lo deal with it defensive waters gressional dislrict The group opposes and totalitarianism thc i costs Cosson said the meeting dents considered reply to the i C D R rPfVTlf nf cnn sea incidents j on be the beginning of a campaign a previously undisclosed at counly t0 an Amcri pushed with vigor he said We i Can battleship the clash be ars greatly encouraged by thc rc twecn the U S S Greer and sponse we already have Uboat in the north Allan Subject of Japan Although the white house had promised that the speech would leave no questions unanswered it contained only the vaguest indi cation of what parts ot the sea
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