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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 10, 1941, Mason City, Iowa                             DC PART MC fir OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVE DCS UOINES IA NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THI NiWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVII MASON CITY THE BRIGHT CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 10 1941 THIS PAPKR CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 288 NAZIS SPEED LENINCRAD ASSAULT Report F R to Demand Nazis Account for Ship Losses STILL ON THURSDAYS TALK TO NATION Think FDR to Affirm U S Doctrine Calling for Freedom of Seas Mpvie Couple Is Se par ted WASH1NGTOX UR The house of representatives Wednesday w a s summoned back a week early from its semirecess and legislative leaders were asked to meet with President Rooseveit Thursday morning at the white house in a conference which suggested an important development in ten international scene By LLOYD LEHRBAS WASHINGTON President Roosevelt informed sources said Wednesday will demand in his speech Thursday night that Ger many give a strict accounting for the American lives and the Amer ican shipping lost at sea because of nazi operations Since the start of the war in 1939 these sources said five Americanowned ships have been sunk presumably by Ger man action and at least 65 United States citizens have met death in the sinking of Ameri can and other vessels The president with the recent attacks on a U S 4es troyer and two Americanowned freighters providing new material is still working on his address it was learned and ho authoritative in was available concern y Jwhat specific action spect for the rights fhis country claims on the high seas Informed sources however en tertained little doubt that the president would make clear to Germany and the world in unmis takable language that the United States held uncompromisingly to Its historic doctrine of freedom of the seas There was much conjecture as io what specific course would be announced to implement such a reasserlion of American policy Some thought Mr Roosevelt might ask congress to repeal the neutrality act Others believed that the president as Com manderinchief would eive the navy orders to open fire on any warplanes or warships attempt ing to harass American trade and communications with non belligerent countries Chairman Bloom D N Y house foreign affairs committee expressed personal opinion thai the neutrality act which has tied our hands should be repealed The thing to do is to fall back on international law he said Then if Hitler followed it he would have to stop and search each ship for contraband would be none of this shooting first and wondering afterward If Hitler Ignored in ternational law it would be a violation which he would have io account for some day Repeal of the neutrality ac would greatly aid Britain since i would permit American vessels to transport American goods any or outside the blockade zones proclaimed bi at p r e s e n they are barred from specific areas of hostilities now designated by presidential proclamation as com bat areas Since attacks on American ship ping to date have all occurred in waters not banned by the neu trality act there is some feelini reported in administration circIe that American vessels would be in little more danger in bclligeren areas Prior to the United States entrj into the World war in April 28 American ships had been sun or attacked by German nava forces and the death toll was lives Willie Bioff Will Be Tried Nov 17 by US on Tax Evasion Count HOLLYWOOD OJB Bioff western representative o the International Alliance of The atrical Stage Employes will b tried on Nov 17 on a charge o evading in income tax th federal court ruled Wednesday Bioff is scheduled to go to tria in New York next Monday on charge of attempting to extor from four studios threatening to call a strike Says Power f D R CREATES BODY TO PROBE RAILS DISPUTE Sot hem Pry or Blond Screen Player Ann Sothern announces from Holly wood that she and her husband Roger Fry or actor and orches tra leader are separating The split she said was because of their widely divergent activi ties Pry or anfl Miss Solhern were married in 1936 INVOKE MARTIAL LAW IN NORWAY Nazis Threaten Any Striking Factory Workers With Death OSLO Norway via Berlin UR authorities Wednesday nvoked drastic regulations includ ing the summary death sentence under martial law againstNor wegian factory strikers Dispatches from Stockholm reported that strong German army concentrations surrounded Oslo and controlledall roads arresting persons without spe cial permits to enter the capital and that communists were blamed for widespread general strike threats and antinazi The factory workers simply walked out on Tuesday and said they were not returning to their jobs It was not known when work might be resumed Under a state of emergency and martial law declared by the Ger man authorities it was provided that a maximum death sentence could be imposed without appeal for violation of the regulations A minimum sentence of 10 years hard labor was ordered Any resistance will be broken by armed force the German offi cials warned in connection with the governments recent declara tion that violence would be met with violence if there was resis tance to Norways collaboration in the European new order By LOUIS F KEEMLE Of the United Press War Desk Hitlers desperate drive for Len ingrad and his promise to take it before the snow flies smacks more waning than of growing strength in the Russian campaign While he is concentrating on taking industrial Leningrad and the Kronstadt naval base in an effort to present the German people with a concrete achieve ment before winter sets in the Russians appear to he driving his armies back in the center and south There seems little doubt that the Russians are advancing in the BryanskSmolenskGomel area even discounting Russian claims that the Germans in some sectors are in disorderly retreat Marshal Budenny is holding the Dnieper river line in the south and is even reported to he operating 011 the western side of the river ft now is generally accepted that Hitler is in for a winter cam paign in Hussia Even if he takes Leningrad British military experts are beginning to doubt that he will be able to reach Moscow and Kiev in view of the present mili tary situation in the center Hitlers winter prospects thus present interesting possibilities The deep snows frozen ground and howling winds would make a northern campaign many times more difficult than the present summer campaign which has visibly slowed down after nearly three months of Intensive fighting It is true that the Russians and Finns fought through the winter of 19391940 but they are inured to the bitter climate through cen turies of habitation and are trained in fighting under winter conditions TheGermans are not and thus would be under a han dicap from the start There is much doubt that the Finns would be willing to go beyond their orig inal borders to aid Germany Hence there are good prospects of a winter stalemate in northern and central Russia perhaps as far south as Kiev In that case Hitler presumably would concentrate his effort in the Black sea region striking at Odessa the southern fringe of the Ukraine and the Caucasus where the climate is mild Turkey might be involved in such a campaign However cessation of the German drive in the north would not necessarily mean that Hitler could withdraw the bulk of his forces for operations in the south He would have to hold the northern front in con siderable force or the Russians would walk through He would have to maintain a strong force Immediate Strike Halted Pending Investigation Armys Biggest Tank in Action HYDE PARK N Y UP 1 President Roosevelt ordered the creation Wednesday of a board to investigate the facts in the dis pute between most of Americas railways and their dispute which threatens to slop rail operations at a time when vital defense materials are mov ing over the lines The personnel ot the fiveman board will he announced later The 900000 employes of 14 nonoperating unions had set 6 p m Thursday for a strike and the 350000 workmen of five operating brotherhoods had voted to go out next Monday Also involved are members of three organizations of railway ex press workers V The factfinding board lias 30 ays in which to report to the resident and no strike may be ome effective under the railway abor act until another 30 days fter thereport has been filed The national railway media tion board had been unable to reconcile the differences be tween the carriers and the men who run their lines The operating brotherhoods lave been unyielding in a demand OSiA3ft per centincrease jn BafiCTaTes tot pay Ttfe lionop er ting unions wanted the basic tourjy pay rate increased by 30 o 34 cents In his proclamation ordering a actfinding board established Mr toosevclt said the disputes be ween the several groups of labor irganizations and the railways now threaten substantially to in errupt interstate commerce to a degree such as to deprive he ountry of essential transporta ion service Ordinarily a threeman board is appointed to investigate labor controversies involving the rail ways But the current strike situation is so broad and im portant that the chief executive decided that five men should be named They are to be persons not pecuniarily or otherwise interested in any of the unions or carriers and they will be paid S75 each a day plus ex penses Attached to he proclamation was a ninepage list of the car riers involved in the dispute withdrawn England Rules Commission Is Within Its Rights in Collecting Policy Tax DBS M O I N E S Judge John J Holloran rict ruled Tuesday the Iowa tax commission was within its rights and was per forming its duty in collecting a 2 per cent gross premium tax on life insurance policy dividends used to purchase paid up insur ance His ruling was on the request of the Prudential Insurance co of America for a refund on premium taxes paid in 1939 and 1940 Judge Holloran said it was a test case affecting all foreign in surance companies doing business in Iowa of fighting planes although with no need to bomb Leningrad and Moscow bombers could be for service against In the south Hitler presumably would head for the Caucasian oi fields His problems there woulc be complicated by unrest in the Balkans although Bulgaria and Rumania mieht be held in line A real drive by Hitler agains the Caucasus might be threefolc sweep around the northern border of the Black sea an at tempt to cross the sea to Batum from Rumania and Bulgarian ports and a southern sweep frorr Bulgaria through Turkey The Russian Black sea flee would be an obstacle to the Black sea course while Turkey is likelj to resist invasion However whil refusing to fight Russia Bulgari has intimated a willingness to ait Hitler against Turkey It is doubt ful that the Turks could hold ou against the combination Council Bluffs Woman Faces Trial on Charge of Murdering ExMate COUNCIL BLUFFS Catherine Johnson 42 was head ed Wednesday tor trial on firs degree murder charges growin out of the death of her cxhus band Henry Christcnsen 58 rail road car inspector at his home lowan Elected Head of Adventist Church JAMESTOWN N Dak The Rev Dewitt Osgood ot Ne vada Iowa president of the South Dakota conference of the Seventh Day Adventist church was elected head of the church in North Dakota Tuesday A 30ton M3 the armys newest and biggest tank rolls across a dusty road during a aueuvers test near Minden La This tank is one of J3 in the first armored division which came off the production Hue less than three weeks ago At left is Jerry T Baulch Associated Press writer and at right Capt Ben G Crosby Lexington Ky commander of Company C 69th armored regiment British Deny LendLease Goods Sold United States can steal all Brit ish foreign markets thus throw ing British labor out of jobs after I the war 1 On the other hand in the i United States it was said charges are made that Britain was ac A ceptingleaselend goods and then A sending British goods to Souih I America to I 1 Corn Crop LONDON gravely concerned over charges that ma terials obtained from the United States under the leaselend net were being used in direct compe tition with American industry in export markets promised Wed trade BUOETIN DES MOINES ie M nes to prevent such misuse and j man to restrict British exports fallen off considerably but the service departments wont let us1 give figures because they might give too much information to Gcri raiders The British government ivas concerned among other things over what its leaders called the propaganda value to Germany of these charges that American industry after sacrificing to send raw materials to Britain under the leaselend act was being hit in foreign markets by competition with goods made from these materials The agreement with the United States was announced in a white paper and was said by a reliable source to be one of a series of steps planned to prevent Ger many from using leaselend grumbling as the thin edge of wedge to pry Britain and the United States apart and hamper the allied war effort Britain this informant said ex pects such a German propaganda campaign to come to a head soon and wants to be able to meet it He asserted the campaign is now under way in Britain as well as in the United States that by word of mouth seeds of dissension were being sown in British pubs and factories The charge is heard here the source said that the United Stales is trying to use the leaselend program to bar Britain from ex porting anything so that the DIES AFTER ACCIDENT MANKATO Minn Warn 63 Tracy Minn North western railroad conductor died late Tuesday after his leg and hand had been amputated under the wheels of a freight train Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Fair and con tinued cool XVednesday night lowest temperature about 40 Thursday partly cloudy and warmer IOWA Partly cloudy to clear Wednesday night and Thursday somewhat warmer Thursday MINNESOTA Fair to partly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday continued cool with scattered light frosts Wednesday night Thursday somewhat warmer IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday Minimum in night At fl a m Wednesday Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum BO 40 50 06 S8 19 Reported Sunk Near Iceland last June I Arraigned before District Judge lician here Wednesday forecast an Iowa corn crop of 438248000 bushels this year on the basis of Senl 1 condition or an average of 475 bushels an acre WASHINGTON agri culture department Wednesday estimated the corn crop at 2 523 964000 bushels and total wheat production winter and spring wheat combined at 957563000 bushels The corn crop was forecast a month ago at 2537574000 bush els Production was 2449200000 bushels last year and the 193039 average was 2307452000 bushels The combined winter and spring wheat was forecast at 950953000 bushels a month ago The crop last year was aiGGH8000 bushels and the 10year average production 747507000 bushels Winter wheat production this year the preliminary estimate shows was 684960000 bushels compared with 589151000 last year and 569417000 the 10year average The yield was 170 bush els an acre compared with 163 ast year and 144 the 10year average The spring wheat crop was forecast at 272597000 bushels compared with 265987000 bush els forecast a month ago 227 547000 bushels produced last year and a 10year average pro duction of 178090000 bushels The crop of durum wheat in cluded in spring wheat was fore cast at 43249000 bushels com pared with 41132000 a month ago 34776000 last year anrl 27 59BOOO the 10year average Other spring wheat was fore cast at 229348000 bushels com pared with 224855000 a month ago 192771000 last year and 10year average of 150492000 The indicated production 01 other crops with comparative figures giving the forecast of a month ago and last years produc lion includes Oats 1129757000 bushels com pared with 1148162000 a month i ago and 1235628000 last year J Barley 349496000 bushels com pared with and 30fl 235000 i Rye 46462000 bushels com pared with 46462000 and 406011 000 Soybeans for beans 110884 000 bushels compared with blank and 79837000 i Potatoes 373853000 bushels compared with 369693000 and i 397722000 i Sugar beets 986800 tons comi pared with 9730000 and 12 192 000 RUSSIA STATES GERMANS FLEE NEAR SMOLENSK Report Destruction of Half of Rumanian Army Around Odessa COMPILED FROM CABLE DISPATCHES The reel army reported rapid pursuit of shattered German forces on the central front Wed nesday claimed destruction of half of the Rumanian army and said that Leningrad still held out strongly against mounting air and Innd assault Led by continuous heavy air attacks the Germans were throwing tremendous power into the battle of Leningrad reportedly under orders nf Adolf Hitler to capture or de stroy the second city of Russia before winter comes Another reason for speed in the north was indicated by reports of Finnish reluctance to continue the war against Russia and by drastic measures taken by the Germans in Norway to end fac tory strikes and oilier allegedly communist inspired outbreaks igiinst Hie nazis A state of civil emergency inar 1 lial Inv and decrees imposing summary death sentence for vio lotion at regulations including a ban of strikes were invoked by the Germans in Oslo where slrong army forces were said to surround the city High Cerihan quarters re versing earlier assertions that Leningrad and its 1000000 red army defenders were doomed to quick surrender indicated Wednesday that Adolf Hitlers invasion forces now might de vide to shell or starve he old czarist capital into submission Conceding that the Russians were making a bitter stand with he bloody struggle increasing in hour by hour nazi quar crs hinted hat the German siege irmics may not even attempt to torm the cily With nazi troops reported witli 11 15 miles of Leningrad at the icarcst point authorized German spokesmen acknowledged too hat the city still had an outlet through the GermanFinnish siege Lake Ladoga to the east German military commciitatorp declaring there would be no un iccessary sacrifice or nazi troops gain a swift triumph at Len ngrad complained bitterly that hc Russians in retreat were Icav their trail sown with land mines In the captured city of Schulessclburg alone t h e Ger mans said fleeing reds left be liind 10000 mines some of which even were hidden in mattresses stoves and elsewhere in a hospital On the eastern front the officially reported continuous and successful attacks but Moscow dispatches said that the red army counteroffensive on the central front still was ualn inff ground and that the Ger mans had suffered upwards of 80000 casualties On the central sector extending from Gomcl north of Smolensk the most important operations were south of Smolensk where the Russians recaptured Yelnya and smashed westward with tanks and airplanes leading pursuit of disorderly enemy forces dis patches reported The exact Cussiun positions were not disclosed nor would Moscow say whether the ruins of Smolensk had been recaptured but the red army advanced west ward on a line south ot Smolensk apparently threatened to pinch off the salient which Germans had driven from the Dnieper river I John A Johnson Murray Tuesday pleaded innocent Mrs and court attaches said she probably will come to trial late this month A grand jury indicted her on the murder charge last week The Americanowned vessel S S Sessa above was reported by the U S state de partment to have been torpedoed and sunk while flying the flag of Panama 300 miles from Iceland Here the S S Sessa is flying the Danish flag sailing outbound from Boston har bor n March of 1940 The Sessa was acquired from Denmark and placed under the Pana manian registry The sise department said the ship was sunk Aug 17 RAMSPECK SPEAKS ST Paul Minn Rob ert Ramspeck D Ga chairman of the house civil service committee spoke Wednesday before dele gates at the national convention of the American Federation of Gov ernment Employes an AFL union MARSHAL TIMOSHENKO Red Attack   

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