Friday, September 5, 1941

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 5, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Of HISTORY AKiD AaC rOCS MO t WC j I C P HOME EDITION THI NEWSPAPER THATMAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS VOL XLVU ASSOCIATED PUSS AND UNITED PRESS TOU LXASED WIRES WIVK CENTS A COPX MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 5 THIS PAPER CONSISTSOF TWO SECrtONS SECTION ONE NO 284 UQ IIIINTQ QHR Greer Attacked in 0 HUH IO DUD Daylight FR Says MacKenzie Jump at No Has Hands Full Already By JLTT fll ACKENZIE A in r t Un liIorJ r fi i1 i TI n 19 RAIL UNIONS SET SEPT 11 AS DATE OF STRIKE Mediation Then Fails Controversy Now Up to President Roosevelt CHICAGO Mediation of the wage dispute between the na tions major railroads and their 1 250000 employes ended in failure Friday less than three hours after the employes had given a general strike authorization to their 19 unions In announcing that attempts to reach an amicable settlement of the dispute had ended the national railway mediation board disclosed that an offer of arbitration had been rejected by the unions This brings the controversy to President Roosevelt who has the authority to appoint an emer gency act finding board No strike may be put effect until at least 30 days after this board has made its report The big five operating brother hoods stand adamant tor a 30 per cent increase in the basic rates of pay Fourteen nonoperating un ions want increases which will boost the wages of their members from 30to 34 cents an hour The nonoperating unions embracing approximately 900000 workers have set Sept II as the date for a v strike The operating brotherhoods planned to set their date within three or four days Alter reciting the history of at temjpts the dispute the By DEWITT Foreign News Analyst Confucius in his boundless wis dom doubtless would advise us to lake it easy in reaching con clusions about Hie mystery of the submarine at tack on Ihe United States destroyer Greer If for the sake of argu ment we adopt the British idea that it was a German Uboat which fired the torpedoes then the question immediately MACKENZIE arises whether the action wasnt the result of a mistake There has been ho indication that Herr Hitler wants to see America in the European war al though he might be praying that we become involved in the orient In fact all the signs have been that he hopes we wont intervene in the western theater The point isnt that the fuehrer loves us the more but that he likes the idea of the United States navy getting intr action at this critical juncture the less His rea son is that he likely will under take major operations in the Medi terranean in tVie near future he presumably will intensify his U boat campaign in the battle of the Atlantic and he doesnt want American warships supporting the British when the allies In vade the continent In short the nazi chief has plenty of trouble on his hands al so much for that The British invasion by the way probably wont be tried before spring unless unexpected devel opments in the Kussonazi war make it advisable for Britain to strike sooner Meantime the blood letting which the nazis are un dergoing in Russia is paving the way for the allied assault across the English channel Sanguinary fighting continues throughout the entire length of the great battleline in Russia but there seems to rave been little change in position during the past 24 hours The authoritative Ger man commentary Dienst Aus Deutschland says the reds appar ently are carrying out extensive attacks on the central front effectiveness but belittles their Dienst misses the point The significant fact is that the bolslie vists are able to inaugurate big scale attacks al all after standing off such a violent assault It is in dicative of reserve power and good morale It is interesting to see the Ger mans again resorting to what ihe Muscovites describe as the psy chological sort of stage play which is calculated to con found the enemy In the case in hand the reds report hat two companies of picked nazi troops advanced in close formation pre ceded by a band as on parade kettle drums rolling and bass drums thundering Moscow says the attackers were annihilated The psychological attack cropped up more than once in the World war arid I was on the grounds on one occasion when it met with notable success During their second offensive in the spring of 1918 in France the Germans launched a surprise attack against the British front just north of Ar mentiers The sector selected was held by a division of Portuguese and the jerries picked it because they thought it might be vulner able The Germans advanced in close formation over the crest of a hill They were goosestepping and actually were preceded by the famous onearmed commander General Karl Hoefer The old boy who was known as a great sports man wore a full dress uniform and carried a yellow cane which he waved as lie led his troops while his empty sleeve flapped madly in the breeze Its perhaps small wonder that the Portuguese line gave way in the face of such a fantastic dem onstration especially since Hie show was backed by a great force of fighting men The Germans broke through and the British averted disaster by the skin of their teeth There were olher notable in tances and the Germans werent j the only ones to work these psy chological tricks There was for nstancc the famous Scots piper who regularly climbed up on the parapet of the trench at the zero hour and piped his kilted devils over the op The Germans were afraid of these ladies from hell at the best and he skirl of the bagpipe which screamed and wailed and gurgled like a lost soul was much too much The proud piper was a great success and undoubtedly contributed much to the victories of his contingent P S Yes lie came through Ihe war O K so far as I know though his uniform was all but shot off him many limes Nazi Big Guns Open Fire on Leningrad CITYS DEFENSE IS BOLSTERED BY NEW TROOPS Commander of i Attacked Ship in part It developed Wednesday that mediation in the judgment of the board was no longer helpful As a consequence under the law the board requested the parties to en ter into agreements to arbitrate their differences The board was unable to bring the parties into agreement to arbitrate The board announced that it j would not notify the president i of abandonment of mediation ef forts until after it bad received notice of the operating unions strike date Fred G Gurley chairman of the carriers joint conference commit tee t expressed disappointment at the failure to reach an amicable settlement He said that after the mediation board announced its intention of closing its conferences the rail roads expressed a willingness to arbitrate the controversy but that the unions exercised their right to reject this procedure The operating unions however have agreed to further mediation of the carriers proposals for rule changes after the wage question has been settled Gurley said so this phase of the dispute would not be considered by the fact find ing boardas it applies to the op erating unions The nonoperat ing unions have consistently re fused to discuss rule changes Gur ley added He asserted that the strike vote was a device of the em ployes to create an emergency which would cause the president to appoint a fact finding board Its merely a ballot for a fact finding board and not a ballot for a strike he said Heads of the nonoperating unions with a membership of approximately 900000 set Sept II as the date for a strike Offi cials of the five operating groups said that 987 per cent of their 350000 members voted in favor of a strike The leaders of Ihe operating unions reported that preliminary figures on a strike authorization vote showed that out of 287000 votes cast 283429 were for a strike and 3571 were against Iowa City Votes Bonds For Municipal Pool IOWA CITY of 862500 in bonds to finance con struction of a municipal swim ming pool was approved in spe cial election here by a vote of 1 329 to 581 INJURED WHILE DANCING HOLLYWOOD UP Richard Haydn young screen and radio actor Thursday sprained an ankle while dancing the Conga in a scene of the forthcoming film Ball of Fire He was treated al the studiohospital Russians Report Kiev Odessa Also Strengthen Means for Resistance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS prtUlery for Leningrad wmf the German com mand reporting the city under direct fire and the Bussians claim ing recapture of four outlying villages in counterattacks high lighted the gigantic struggle on the soviet front Friday Russia reported that red army units counterattacking amid artillery fire on the approaches to Leningrad had advanced al most a mile at one point in the battle for Russias second larg est city taking four villages The defenses of Leningrad were said to nave been bolstered by the arrival of troops from Tallinn evacuated successfully before the Hermans took the Estonian capi tal These forces were reported already back in battle against the nazis Pravda the communist party organ reported these develop ments Other dispatches said both sides were bringing up their big guns for the battle of Leningrad and the Russian communique ans nouncen nightlong fighting on i the whole front 1 Russias two other beleaguered big the Ukrainian capital on whose approaches the Germans are attempting to at tack nnd Odessa the Black sea port which ihe Rumanians have locked in were re ported strengthening their resist ance Red army troops Red army sailors and embattled civilians of Odessa fulfilling an oath to defend the city to the last drop of blood are mowins down Rumanian forces by the thou saands Pravda reported and a mass meeting of Kievs popu lace took a similar oath to fight to the death for that city Jf Meanwhile the German high command announced that heavy nazi artillery is shelling Lenin grad Thus the city apparently faces these or the Warsawlike destruction which Germans have warned it will suffer if it resists The fuehrers command war bulletin indicating that the ring of steel which German and Fin nish forces are tightening around Leningrads approaches has been almost closed described the situa tion in those four terse sentences Successful operations on the east front The encirclement of Leningrad is progressing The city itself already is under fire of heavy German artillery Estonia has been freed of the enemy Both the Finnish and the Ger man arms of the huire besicg in drive have been reported only about 20 miles from Lenin within the range of Germanys big tuns such as those used in Ihe west to blast ships and ports across the Eng lish channel The Germans gave no details BRITISH REPORT British Press I Urges U S Join in Fight ITALIAN LINER Urges u s BELIEVED SUNK Large Ship Is of Type Known to Be Serving as Troop Transport LONDON large Italian Shading indicates main zones of action on the Russo German front Principal sectors were the Leningrad area the centra front and the Kiev area while terrific fighting was reported to have started on the ap proaches to the city Further south Odessa 4 was still under siege and the Germans reported repulsing a Rus sian attempt to cross the lower Dnieper river about action on any of the wide spread fighting fronts The Rui that the he death battle for that city of 3 000000 was increasing claimed recapture three villages and destruction of a heavy gun bat tery The Russians reported that the defenses of Leningrad Kiev and Odessa were holding firm and declared their troops were exact ing a heavy toll of German forces j attempting to crack the new soviet defense line along the Dnieper river AUempls to cross the Dnieper were said to have been beaten back under a hail of Russian ar iillery and machinegun fire The banks of the stream are strewn with German dead and wounded reports from Moscow said The Germans volunteered little news concerning develop ments on the Russian front though they declared the fall of Leningrad was merely a mat ter of time They acknowledged the red army was counterat tacking persistently along the central front on the road to Moscow but belittled the effec tiveness of these assaults Russian bombing planes stabbed at Berlin during the night but a German communi quie said the attackers had been driven off by antiaircraft fire before reaching the city proper and reported one plane shot down No Shortage of Iowa icrs Minimum Pay Law Is Factor DES MOINES Iowa department of public instruction Friday gave the teachers minimum wage law part credit for the fact that no serious teacher shortage has developed thus far in the state Reports Thursday told of the resignation of more than 1000 lower i Georgia school teachers since July 1 to accept rhore lucrative jobs yii to be lieved to be the 23635ton Duilio been torpedoed and almost certainly sunk in a series of British successes in ihe Mediter ranean the admiralty announced Friday The big ship was attacked while sailing with two other large pas senger ships off the coast of Italy the admiralty said in a com munique announcing two other Meditern shipping In yet another engagement the admiralty reported thai a 10000 ton cruiser was hit by torpedoe and seriously damaged by a Brit ish submarine in an attack on an enemy naval force presumably Italian between Sicily and Italy proper A loaded tanker was torpedoec and sunk from an axis convoy off Sicily and in the same group of vessels the 4971ton Italian supply ship Aquitania was severe ly damaged by torpedoes In the central Mediterranean an axis supply ship of about 8000 tons was torpedoed and sunk by a British submarine the admiral ty said The enemy naval force was rej orted encountered close to the Straits of Messina I The Straits of Messina are bei ween Sicily and the toe of the Italian boot LONDON London evening press seized on the sub marine attack on the U S S veer Friday to argue thnt the Tniied States should put herself Cully at the British side The Evening News called the submarine attack a pointed re minder hat the United States geographical isolation rapidly is being threatened f Atla battlefield still realized the folly of waiting passively for our turn to come We think the same logic ap plies to ihe United Slates the newspaper added Today a Ger man torpedo puts the case with inescapable force Germans Have No Commentto Make BERLIN Germans said Friday they were unI able to comment on the submarine incident involving the United States destroyer Gieer because from the wording of the American navys announcement the geo graphic position was unclear As a result they said they could not say whether a German subma rine had been operating near the Greer MORE THAN ONE ATTACK MADE ON DESTROYER Torpedoes Were Sent at U S Warship on Way to Iceland WASHINGTON AP President Roosevelt saicl Friday that the United States destroyer Greer had been attacked more than once that steps werebeing taken to track down the maraud ing submarine and that the vessel would be elim inated if found Mr Roosevelt speaking to a press conference did not say exactly how many attacks had bueri made on the vessel ivhich tarrying mail to Iceland But he said they occurred in daylight and definitely on the American side of the ocean He said that while the Greer was alone at the time torpedoes nn were launched at hur Crew Thinks Sub Has Been Damaged REYKJAVIK Officers and crew members of the V S destroyer Greer which was at tacked by a submarine near here said Friday they believed in defense work and private in dustry Not a single Iowa school has to open because of a lack of teachers the department said although some institutions are op erating on short staffs and have had to rearrange courses of study and drop certain subjects Sun Is Bright in Iowa Temperatures Continue to Be Mild DES MOINES sun was out bright Friday and tem peratures remained mild in the Hawkeye state The mercury ranged from slight ly below normal in the west to 6 degrees above normal in the east and the forecast was fair Friday night and Saturday cooler in the east Friday night Thursdays high was 94 at Dav enport and the low was 45 Thurs day night at Forest City GALLS POLICE BY TELETYPE Lieutenant Commundcr Laur ence HuKli Frost 39 yearold Washington D C res ident is the commander of the United Status destroyer Grccr uhich Hie navy department re ported was subjected to an un successful lorpedo attack by a submarine uhilc cnroute to Iceland Frost a naUvc of Faycltcvillc Ark became com manding officer of the Greer one month ago attactinr crafi They bMe belief on this fact that their in struments indicated that their vessel over he submarine when they dropped their dcbpth charges urk see Messenger destroyer promptly 16 who returned eh charges T TlT TtnnfftirnH b 1 rl a message to the central office to flash Office being held up Send police Nor did Dui Robert Coates from a delivery errand and turned away without entering the office While the companys downtown office notified police headquar ters to send a squad car Coates ran down the street until he found Officer Robert Hayes j Hayes reached the office first just as Durk emerged Durk fired i at the officer then fell fatnllv oilier American ships nearby slic was clearly marked nnd cnnied an identification number plus an American flng Asked what would be done it the attacking vessel were found Mr Roosevelt said he supposed American forces would elimi nate it or try to He authorized direct quotation of the word eli minate and said it was a good one The chief executive said the Greer was attacked under condi lions of good daylight and visibil lyThe navy department had an nounced torpedoes were launched at her Thursday morning and that dropped T al oiiiccr men leu lainJJy Woman Uperator 1 aps wounded by a bullet from Hayes Out Summons While Is Robbed Mr Roosevelt did not say whether all the attacks occurred within a relatively short time Thursday morning 01 were spaced at intervals He left little douht tliat he approved the action of the com mander in lakint immediate steps against the submarine by dropping powerful depth charges Weather Report FORECAST fcw mimltcs the ar arrived MASON CITY Fair Friday night and Saturday moderate tem perature Fresh west to north west breeze CHICAGO UR A woman j teletype operator sat calmly sit her machine Thursday night and summoned police while her office was being robbed Bee Causes Driver to Chase Men on Walk But the bandit was trapped and I fNDIANOLA Miss The j Friday night and cooler east Friday Saturday night MINNESOTA Fair soulh antl central pnrtly north Friday night and Satur day slightly cooler Friday night IN iMASON CITY GlobeGazctle weather statistics Maximum Thursday R7 Minimum Thursday night 5fi At 8 a in Friday 6fi YEAR AGO Maximum 84 Minimum 57 EXTENDED FORECAST IUPJ Extended forecast for the period from p m Friday Sept 5 to p m Wednesday Sept 10 Upper Mississippi Valley and Indiana Iowa and Illinois In diana Wisconsin and Minnesota except those portions that drain into the Great The temperature will average near normal without significant changes Rainfall will average light to moderate except heavy southern portions Illinois and In diana occurring as showers Ohio valley Friday night and recurrent showers after Sunday i Mr Hooseveltsaid il was very i fortunate the deslroyer was not I hit remarking that it was beyond his power to say why the aim nf the submarine was so poor He j would not disclose whether the undersea crafts periscope was I above water declaring he could not talk about that killed by another I ft a to a by a fleetfooted messenger boy fn when members 1 Arthur Durk 21 entered an saw an automobile headed tori mictakc hVoiri1 riavlizht at outlying telegraph company of them the driver pawing torpedo distance fice pointed a gun at Manager ly at her bosom The car cnromcd i Roostvolt llp miH nut Roger Sharkey and demanded off the corner building and thU wv P money from the office safe ty soon returned If a submarine had a pcriscopr He paid no attention to Mrs Sorry boys tin pretty driver above Ihe surface here was no Helen Lohner 28 it the teletype said unabashed A bee got into excuse for a wrong identification machine Lohner interrupted my blouse and stung me Sf If jf If An unsuccessful attempt by a submarine to torpedo the U S S Destroyer Grper enroutc to Iceland was reported by the navy department The destroyer counter attacked with depth bombs