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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 25, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EPITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOLXLVn ASSOCIATED PBE5S AND UNITED PRESS FUIX LEASED WTAEii FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JUNE 25 1941 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF WO SECTIONS SECTION ONE MASON CITY THI BRIGHT NO 221 Are Americans Language Is Barrier to Sympathy EDITORS NOTE Tils ii anathtr flf a scries or articles written by W Earl Hall Majeu City GIobeGaKlle minirlnf editor in the course four IbroiiEh South America as one ef party at 12 guests of the Cam eric Endowment for International Peace NUMBER 92 By W EARL HALL ABOAHD THE S S One of the the one to a fuller anc more sympathetic understanding j between our country and Latin America is the language differ ence In my two months in Central and South America Ive encoun tered only one native wasnt atleast slightly handicapped in expressing his thoughts in English he the son a former Bra zil consul in New English before he learned Portu guese And of course the story is even more dreary from the United States point of view The percentage of South Americans with at least an imperfect mas tery of English is infinitely greater than the percentage of our people with an imperfect mastery of Spanish or Portu guese In my own ease I have beer barred from conversing with the mine run of South American for the reason that I dont know his language and he doesnt know mine Automatically my contacts have been limited to those with some education With a working knowledge of Spanish Im quite sure Iv would have been able to gain greater benefits from my trip Spanish and Portuguese are so similar that in the printed form one with a knowledge of one can gain the sense of an item written in the other Pronunciation differs quite materially Few have a mas tery of both in the spoked form i are almost univer sally of the opinion that Span ish is the one principal language most easily learned although they always add that verbs particularly in Uie subjunctive mood are tough Once there was a hope that the synthetic language called Esper anto might become universal Its my understanding that it drew rather heavily on Spanish With the blasting of hopes along this line the suggestion has been offered that Spanish itself be made universal While granting many points in its favor lingual authorities have pointed to a dearth of vocabulary in the Span ish language particularly in the field of science Here Spanish are forced to borrow extensively from English German French and Ital ian From the standpoint of wealth of vocabulary English is said by language authorities in our group to stand at the head of the list The abundance of AngloSaxon words of one syllable in the Eng lish language is said to make it more effective for oratory and literature particularly verse The likeness of endings in numerous words in Spanish militates against it in both fields Heavy resort by Spanish speak ing peoples to gesticulations with hands and fact the whole raised in my mind the question of the lan 1 guages sufficiency to convey ideas unto itself As in French tone and inflection figure largely in ordinary conversation My curiosity on this point hasnt been fully sated although one of my good South American friends tells me and quite forcibly that the really edu cated Latin doesnt talk with his hands The fact that Latins generally are more dcmonstra live than northern European racial stocks may he thinks have something to do with the matter Some the educators in our group are going back to the Unit ed States with some new ideas as to language instruction either that or more firmly fortified in views already held by them For one thing they believe that up to now instruction in American colleges has concerned itself too much with the rules of grammar and not enough with the actual speaking the language Secondly they believe that the time to teach a language is in the early days elemen tary school age rather than at the college level In support of this latter they might cite the case of an Ameri can family living in Sariago known to me Theres a mother and a father and a 5 year old son Theyve lived in South America two years The father and the mother speak a very bad taxi cab Spanish but the young son speaks Spanish as his first lan guage He learned it from Ms playmates REPORT FINNS BATTLING REDS Germans to Reveal Great Achievements Thursday S SHIPS CAN CARRY ARMS TO RUSSIAN PORTS F R Wont Issue Neutrality Rulings in RussianGerman War WASHINGTON Roosevelt does not intend to issue a neutrality proclamation in the RussianGerman war Acting Secretary of State Welles an nounced Wednesday American ships thus will be permitted to cariy arms to Russias Pacific port of Vladivostok The United States thereby will lake the same position with ref erence to the RussianGerman war as it has maintained during the long undeclared war be tween Japan and China Welles noted that under the neutrality act a neutrality procla Build Bridge in Russian Marsh when the shall find mation is called for president or congress that there exists a state of war be tween foreign states and that it is necessary to promote or preserve the peace of the United States or to protect the lives of citizens of the United States The acting secretary then stated that President Roosevelt had authorized him to announce that inasmuch as he finds that a proclamation is not necessary in the present instance to promote the peace of the United States or protect American citizens the president has no intention of is a proclamation Asked what effect this would have regarding the transport of arms to Russia in American ships Welles explained that combat zones already established by the president do not include the Pacific region Vladivostok Russias large port in the Pacific thus will remain open to American ships carrying arms or any other supplies Under the neutrality act Ameri can ships are forbidden to carry arms to belligerent ports or to enter defined combat areas Welles said the United States still has received no official com munication from the Russian gov ernment since the American dec laration on Monday favoring Rus sia against Germany and Presi German soldiers lay down timbers to build an emergency bridge over a brook in a Russian moor Source of the smoke in background is not explained by German sources This picture was sent by radio from Berlin Russian Resistance to Nazi Spearheads to Be Vital to RedsStaying Power in War This feature conducted by DeAVitt Mackenzie is being written in his absence on vacation by Fred Vandcrschmidt dent Roosevelts Tuesday that all announcement American aid possible would be given to the soviet union Out of the vast confusion of the GermanRussian front come some definite indications of hard resistance and counter attack by mechanized units of the red army It is by such tactics provided they are effective that the bulk of the soviet armed force can be saved to fight for many a day The primary objective of the nazi blitzkrieg is to trap huge sec tions of the soviet army by the same tactics used in Belgium and France by pounding panzer heads through the front lines and deep behind them there to form triangles or circles of steel through which the reds cannot withdraw In France the allied armies did not have the tanks or guns to smash these spearheads before the process of encirclement was com plete the Soviets obviously arc using a wealth of mechanized ma terial in the buffetlands of the west for just that purpose RAF SMASHES AGAIN AT NAZIS Large British Bomber Forces Hammer Without Letup at Germany LONDON UR Large British bomber forces heavily escorted by fighter formations smashed again at the French channel coast Wednesday afternoon hammering it without letup in continuation of a sustained night and day offen sive against Germany and Ger manoccupied territory The British planes thundered across the English channel in the direction of the CalaisBoulogne area and shortly afterward heavy explosions were heard on the English sicte Fighters patrolled the channel while the sweep was being made GERMANS ADMIT RESIDENCES DAMAGED BERLIN UR British planes caused heavy damage to resi dences in attacks on several places in western Germany dur ing the night anc killed several civilians it was announced Wednesday There was no damage of a commercial nature it was said Russian planes did not fly over Germany during the night it was asserted Buggy Not Auto Frightens Horse COPE S Car tractors and three trucks came by and the horse never stirred from his hitch ing post Came two more auto mobiles and still the horse with the definitely rural background never stirred Came a muledrawn buggy horse snapped his tether and staged a sensational runaway through the town Presumably these fierce de fensive tactics are to permit the slow withdrawal of great mass es of the red army to strong po sitions deep in Russia where Germanys chosen war of movement might be brought to an end and a largescale coun teroffensive organized Granted the Russians are at least partly successful in such n strategy prolonged resistance will depend in large measure on the slaying power of the soviet gov ernment and the units of the people Once Hitler has gained the rich territory he seeks in the west of Russia and has opened a road to Iran and thence back into the middle east he is likely to count on collapse of the soviet govern ment In Mein Kampf he fore sees ultimate collapse of what he calls the Jewish dominion in Russia and he says this will be the end of the Russian state Since he cannot hope to police all of the soviet union it is likely that he envisages a vast unoc cupied zone which be will domi nate with a German upper stratum For in Mein Kampt lie says have innumerable mighty empires of the earth been cre ated Inferior nations with Ger man organizers and lords as lead ers have more than once ex panded into powerful state struc tures and endured as long as the racial nucleus of the constructive staterace maintained itself For centuries Russia drew nourish ment from this Germanic nucleus of its superior strata of 1 e a d ers He will make his own bord ers for this unoccupied zone of coarse keeping the produc tive Ukraine Caucasus and whatever else he desires for di rect and intensive German ex ploitation But he cannot do this will Kus sias government army largely in tact and its government willing to fight back even from beyond the Urals nor can he divert his armed forces for the fight in the west or middle east so long as there is resistance from an un beaten if distant soviet force Britain obviously holds some hope that this kind of Russian resistance will in the long run permit the existence of an allied offensive threat to Germany on the Turkish flank Therein lies the reason for the strenuous Brit ish effort to keep the breath of ife in the TurkishBritish alli ance despite the GermanTurkish pact and for the speedup in the British occupa BIG SIEGE GUNS USED BY NAZIS AGAINST RUSSIA Choking Dust Blazing Heat Handicap Germans Near Lithuanian Border BERLIN armed forces were reported Wednesday to be driving forward on the east ern front despite constantly stif fening red army resistance Advices from the front em phasized that the Russians were offering desperate resistance and said that time and again the Germans had to bring up heavy motordrawn siege guns to bat ter down he enemy defenses Many soviet troops manned their positions to the death refusing to surrender Ihe Germans re ported Although the high command Rave no details except to say that red air forces bombed Mcmel and Koenigsburg nazi propaganda company reporters with the troops tolci of hard fighting against the Soviets on the north wing in Lith uania The German troops attacking from east Prussia found the first soviet defense bunkers weakly manned the nazi dispatches said ion of Syria on Turkeys der bor lowan Hurt as Hay Pulley Breaks Dies ELDORA Shoe maker 50 New Providence farm hand who suffered a crushed skull late Tuesday in a haying accident when a pulley broke died early Wednesday at an Eldora hospital His widow and four children sur Claim Drive From South Is Smashed MOSCOW red army aided by divebombers and charg ing cavalry was reported Wed nesday to have smashed back n German drive from Rumania across the Pruth river and to have inflicted heavy losses on nazi me chanized columns Dispatches from Tiraspol said that many enemy tanks had been destroyed when German and Rumanian forces crossed the river north of Galati the Rumanian oil center and that repeated nazi efforts to cross the Truth and capture Cernauli had failed A numher of German prisoners were taken according to soviet reports Fighting on the Pntlli rivei on the southern sector of the long RussianGerman front is on the pathway to the rich Ukraine grain fields and the soviet oil centers On the northern front the red air fleet was reported to have re pulsed a squadron of six German raiders striking at the Russian naval base of Kronsladt shooting down one while red infantry beat back a thrust from the Kuloyarva region of Finland Summing up three days of fierce batlles along lie entire front the high command said that the Ger mans had been repulsed with heavy losses in six main sectors that the red air fleet had heavily bombed targets at five German RUSSIAN NAZI PLANES CAUSE HEAVY DAMAGE Leningrad Said to Have Been Left in Flames After Raids BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Finland was reported to have declared war on Russia Wednes day after the soviet air fleet launched a wholesale offensive across southern Finland in reply to German raids that left Lenin grad in flames An authorized German spokesman in Berlin said Fin land had joined the war form ally and that fighting was going on in full force Dispatches from Helsinki itself reported the cabinet would tell parlia ment In emergency session Wednesday night the measures the country would take against soviet aggression Helsinki had foulalarms was bombed twice and many Finnish civilians were reported killed A German military spokesman leclarcd German successes 5 Hurt Fatally in Nebraska Auto Crash BASSETT Nebr of an automobile crash six miles east of here Wednesday stood at Jive Mrs William Vanderwaler of Pe kin III and Mrs Inola Harvey Chicago Heights 111 died from in juries Tuesday night Mrs William Luckey Chicago Heights Marlene Harvey IB months old daughter of Mrs Luekcy and John Pott1 Tilden Nebr were instantly killed Drive Into Russia but the red troops fought fiercely After heavy guns had battered down concrete pill boxes the Ger mans moved slowly ahead in the face of strong fire from the red infantry which included Kal mucks from the central Asian Steppes These men fought to the last one German reporter said and many of them died at their ma chine guns and rifles after refus ing to surrender The German forces went for ward more rapidly the reporters said after breaking the first re sistance but choking dust and blazing heat handicapped the ad vance over the rolling Lithuanian border area The soviet forces fought a rearguard action to enable their main forces to fall back to prepared defensive positions some distance from the border One German reporter said that German infantry inarched 35 miles a day on roads that weie mere dirt tracks These were sometimes widened to 100 yards by heavy motor vehicles which skirted them to avoir the Saharalike dust clouds the dispatches said Soviet artillery fire was irreg ular the dispatches added but it often forced the Germans to make extensive detours The Ger man advance was broken ony by occasions clashes with rearguard units which fought from small woods and isolated farm houses or from concrete bunker which hart not been finished by he the war started bases in cast Prussia Poland and Rumania and destroyed a total of 381 German planes The Soviets lost a total of 374 planes The Russia newspapers car ried reports relayed from Lon don that huge transport planes had landed soviet parachutists behind the German lines to dis rupt enemy communications tmt this was not mentioned in the soviet communique which said small detachments of German parachutists ucrc being rounded up by special soviet forces In the fighting on the soul front Russian dispatches said tha the Germans and Rumanian crossed a bridge in the Falcha area but were attacked by sovie dive bombers after which infanlrv and cavalry drove the enemy ou of Falcha Six Russian plane downed three of a formation of 1 German Mcssurschmitts the dis patches said but fighting in Hi area continued fiercely BULLETINS HELSINKI Fin nish civilians iverc reported killed Wednesday anil the city of Lappeenranta left afire in a wholesale Russian air offensive across southern Finland LONDON Mos cow said Wednesday thai in the early morning hours enemy troops under cover of fog crossed a wide river pre sumably Ihc Pruth in in barges but were driven back with huge losses Leahy and Russian Envoy in Vichy Confer VICHY France Slalcs Ambassador William D Leahy Wednesday repaid the re cent visit of Soviet Ambassador Bogomolov to theAmerican em bassy The two envoys held a long conversation at the soviet em bassy where their talk was de scribed as a courtesy visit YOUTH RESCUES GIRI STORM LAKE UUlc a Creston youth Wednesday was credited with saving Mary Agnes Moynihan Storm Lake high school senior from death by drowning Little pulled Miss Moy nihan out of 10 feel of walcr at Lakeside resort near here after two unsuccessful dives This map shows the reported extent of the first savage thrust of the German armies into Russian Poland Already occupied territory is shaded Biggest prize so far is the city of BrestLitovsk The Rumanian allies of the Germans claim they have captured the important Bessarabian city of Cernauti Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Fair Wednesday night be coming partly cloudy Thursday continued warm MINNESOTA Fair and continued warm followed by thunder showers and cooler Red River valley Wednesday night and in northwest portion Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday Minimum Tuesday night KB At 8 a m Wednesday 78 At 2 p m Wednesday 90 YEAR AGO Maximum 73 Minimum 53 Sweden to Allow Passage of Nazi Force to Finland STOCKHOLM Swed ish government announced Wednesday night that it had agreed to permit the passage of a German force of not more than one division across its territory from Norway to Finland The Germans will travel by the Swedish railways Tho govern ment said its action was taken after consulting parliament A communique said however that Sweden will firmly pursue her clforts to maintain her liberty and independence and to stay outside warlike conflict Jones Considers Making British Loan WASHINGTON if J e s s e Jones federal loan administrator announced Wednesday he is con sidering a loan to the British government Jones said in a formal statement that the loan is being studied by the Reconstruc tion Finance corporation under a new law authorizing such a loan and added that the purpose o the loan would be to provide tin British with dollar exchange t pay for war supplies in this coun try without having to sell Inei American securities and invest merits at forced sale Iling the imagination had been tchicved and woulrl bo announced Thursday v He reported Ihat the German air force already had full su premacy in the combat area and that tactical surprises by pan zer columns had succeeded Soviet troops were said to have resisted strongly but to he un able to hold up the German drive ut any point Belief was expressed in Berlin dial the Russian high command already might be cut off from contact with some of its armies A Bucharest communique from the GermanRumanian cities of Constanta Sulina and Galati said they had been attacked bv Russian air forces but said they failed to inflict severe damage Russians reported both Con stanta and Warsaw in flames and said their troops were holding the Germans in the south Before the Finnish declaration was announced in Berlin Helsinki made a sharp protest to Russia against what it called the unpro voked attack and said the soviet assertion that German troops had attacked Russia through northern Finland was a deliberate lie V Iravda the communist party organ warned that the world will be amazed by the forces which the soviet people in its indignation and patriotic wrath would hurl against Germany Bombs fell in Helsinki twice and started a forest fire outside the city Many other Finnish cities were reported attacked Finnish fighters and antiair craft guns resisted the raids anrl were said to have shot down eight Russian planes Germany announced the war progressing so favorably that great successes were in pros icct Deep thrusts of German olumns into Russian territory vcre claimed Reports from Tur said Russians were offering ittlc resistance in the former Ru province of Bessarabia nd that a German parachute oi was in readiness to attack Odessa Russian Black sea port Germans told of heavy bomb ardment of Russian railways and air bases arid German troops were said lo have rap tured the former Lithuanian City of VUna A Helsinki dis patch reported jrieintic fires in Leningrad following a German raid From the German high com mand communique issued again from the fuehrers headquarters on the eastern front came tho nari confident forecast of success In the cast fights of the army airforce and navy against soviet armed forces take such favorable course thai great successes are lo be expected the communique said f The Russians acknowledged thai they had been unable to halt three powerful German drives on the central and north ern fronts In Ihe south Ankara reports said German and Ru manian troops had occupied Cernauti capital of Bucovina province and Chisinau capital of Bessarabia both taken over from Rumania by Russia a year 3KO Rumanian sources in Istanbul claimed GermanRumanian troops
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