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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 23, 1941, Mason City, Iowa                             C 0 M p NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY A fo A r r K i y r CE3 WO I MS i I VOL XLVn ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUU IEASED WlREii CENTS A COPY NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Are Americans S America Newspapers Described EDITORS NOTE This I mnolhet or a aerlw of articles written by w llrl Hill Mason Cilr ClobeGaielle manajinr editor In the course of lour Ihronsh South America n one ol a party IS tursls of the Carncjle EndonniSdt tcr International Peace NUMBER 90 By W EARL HALL ABOARD THE S S BRAZIL IN THE CARIBBEAN back on the newspapers I have in spected in the 10 lands in Latin America I have visited since March 1 I am moved to the observation that in a number of respects the press serving the South American public today is similar to the press which served our own country in the period between the Civil war and the turn of tht entury While there are important points of dif ference the similarities are more pronounced First of all I am impressed by the large number of papers In areas where restraints are not ex ercised by government each po litical faction or clique is likely to be found with its own organ more designed to promote a cause than to present news objectively or factually This condition is remin iscent of the journalism of Horace Greeley Charles Dana and Joseph Medill 70 or SO years ago Another important point of difference between contempor ary journalism in United States ana Latin America is that in the latter newspapers are employed to a lesser extent as advertising media Generally speaking they are much smaller than in U S and they depend largely on circu lation as an income producer Their workers are on a much lower wage scale and their pro fessional status is lower than that of 1J S newspaper workers w In the past provincial newspa pers as a matter of economic ne cessity have been glad to accept foreign news from subsidized cable hews Trans oceanic ofthe nazis But current ly United States news agencies A P and U P have been making some gratifying inrosls and at a fair charge for the service per formed This has boon valuable in making South Americans United Slatesconscious In the allocalion of their limited space Latin American newspa pers generally give preference in display and in total space to for eign nevys The most likely ex planation of this is that South America is a producer of raw ma terials which makes her depend ent upon the world market What happens to the rest of the world is enormously important to her Censorship in one form or an other prevails in practically all Soutfi American countries In Brazil it is operated not too ef ficiently and not very drastically under a dictatorships propaganda ministry not unlike that of Ger many Italy and Russia In other countries notably Peru publish ers are made to sense their life will be happier if they refrain from criticizing the government A Lima educator drolly referred to this technique as voluntary censorship with the consent of the government It is in Argentina that jour nalism reaches its fullest flowsr and most closely approaches in content and typography the newspapering to which North Americans are accustomed La Prensa is often referred lo as the JVew York Times of Ar gentina El IHundo with a cir culation of 450000 was started less than a dozen years ago and stands as a s nsational success slory comparablewith the New York Daily News One leads the Spanish tongue field in cir culation the other leads the English tongue field Both are printed in tabloid form The great bulk of Soulh Ameri can newspapers are openly friendly towrrd the United Stales Most of them as revealed by their editorials or their news emphasis are favorable to Britain in the European war A lew rather vio lent proHitler organs mostly subsidized and directed by Ger man consular attaches are io be found in nearly every capital city Under the Brazilian code of cen sorship editors are barred from taking sides in discussing the war It is a matter of remark however that those with nazi leanings are able to get away with more than can those favorable to Britain One rather plausible explanation of this is that President Vargas is desirous of keeping the scales as evenly balanced as he possibly can Sensing a rather overwhelm ing popular preference for Brit ain the theory runs he is seeking to square matters by giving the nazis a break in the press This may be correct Or it may be hat some high authorities in t army whose support he must have are writing the ticket And many of them arc violently pro nazi MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JUNE 23 1941 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT THIS PAPER CONSISTS 6fTWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 219t LITHUANIA JOINS GERMANS U S CONDEMNS NAZI ATTACK ON SOVIET RUSSIA Welles States Hitler Armies Are Chief Dangers to Americas WASHINGTON Uni ted States condemned Germanys treacherous attack on Russia Monday and declared that any ralljing ot the forces opposing Hitlerism would rebound to the benefit of American defense and security Tlie statement made by Stunner Welles undersecretary ot state after he had conferred with Pres ident Roosevelt left open the question of whether leaselend aid would be given to soviet Rus sia Welles said no communication had been received from the soviet government as yet and conse quently the question had not been decided by tne American govern ment He said however that Presi dent Roosevelt had authority under the leaselend act to fur nish aid to any country resisting aggression The formal declaration of policy read by Welles at a large press conference declared the imme diate issue before the American people Was whether Hitlers plan for universal conquest was to be successfully halted and defeated The text of Welles statement If any further proof could conceivably be required of the real purposes nnd projects of the present leaders ol Germany for world domination it is now fur nished by Hitlers treacherous at tack upon soviet Russia see once more beyond neradventure of doubt with what intent the present government ot Germany negotiates nonaggres sion pacts To the leaders of the German reich sworn engagements to re frain from hostile acts against other re garded in a happier and in a civi lized world as contracts to the faithful observance oC which the honor of nations themselves was but a symbol of de ceit and constitute a dire warn ing on the part of Germanys hos tile and murderous intent To the present German government the very meaning of the word honor is unknown This government has often stated and in many of his public statements the president has de clared that the United States maintains lhat freedom to wor ship God as their consciences dic tate is the great and fundamental right of all people This right has been denied to their peoples by both nazi and soviet govern ments To the people of the United Slates this and other principles and doctrines of communistic dictatorship arc as intolerable and as alien to their own be liefs as arc the principles and doctrines of nazi dictatorship Neither bind of imposed over lordship can or will have any support or any sway in the mode of life or in the system nf government of the American people But the immediate issue that presents itself to the people of the United States is whether the plan for universal conquest for the cruel and brutal enslavement of all peoples and for the ulti mate destruction of the remaining free democracies which Hitler is now desperately trying to carry out is to be successfully halted and defeated That is the present issue which laces a realistic America It is the issue at this moment which most directly involves our own national defense and the security of the new world in which we live In the opinion of this gov ernment consequently any de fense against Hitlerism any ral lying of the forces opposing Hit lerism from whatever source these forces may spring will hasten the eventual downfall of the present German leaders and will therefore redound to the benefit of our own defense and security Killers armies arc today the chief dangers of the Americas 2 Die in Wreck n i Bulwark Appears to Be Crumbling Shown above is the overturned wreckage of the car in which Mrs Lloyd Zubrod 27 and her 11 months old daughter Joan were fatally injured when the auto col lided with one driven by Gerald Copper of Niles three miles east and one mile south Niles in Floyd county just be fore noon Sunday Tl S V I A scene of the accident which brought death to mother and daughter is pictured above The overturnedearisthat in which Mrs Zubrod andher slaughter the victims were riding Photos by Elvin Muesser Charles City Woman and Baby Killed in Car Crash in Floyd County Austin Man Formerly of Dumont Victim of Sauk Center Accident CHARLES Lloyd Zubrod 27 and daughter Joan 11 months old lost their lives in an accident which occurred at a corner three miles east and one mile south of Niles in Floyd coun ty just before noon Sunday The child was killed instant ly and the mother died of a respiratory failure caused by a brain injury 20 minutes afler she arrived at Cedar Valley hos pital Mr Zubrod and a son Robert 3 are in the Cedar Valley hospital both suffering with head lacera tions body cuts bruises and shock The boy is under observa tion for possible brnin concussion According to authorities who went to the scene of the accident the Zubrod car traveling west col lided with a Ford driven by Ger ald Copper of Niles which was traveling south nt a corner where the view is partly obstructed by a cut in the road Copper had only minor injuries and was treated at a doctors office The Zubrods live at North Wash ington a small settlement in Chickasnw county Niles is ap proximately four miles east and two miles north of Charles City The bodies of Mrs Zubrod and the child were taken lo the LnrkinKmtUon funeral home in New Hampton FORMER DUMOXT MAX SOX KILLED 35 and his one year old son Edward were killed when an automobile crashed into a washout near Sauk Center Minn Saturday night White a former Dumont resident had been living at Austin Minn They were enroutc to Pine Lake Minn for a weekend outing at the time of the accident Mrs White and a daughter who is 5 were taken to an Austin hos pital White and his son are survived by Mr Whites mother Mrs May White the widow and mother and the daughter and sister He is also survived by brothers and sisters 2 Iowa Boys Swimming in Pond Are Drowned ALBIA will be held here Tuesday for Beryl Long Jr 12 and his broth er Jack 14 who drowned while swimming in a pond near Lovilia Report Russian Prisoners Being Taken to Rear By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS first batches of Russian prisoners were reported coming to the rear Monday as Adolf Hitlers armored detach ments charged forward along the entire eastern soviet frontier be hind air force units striking fnr ahead of the land forces First pictures of action along the 2000milc battle line showed tlie smoke of many fires rolling over moors and steppes There were rumors that this or that groat city hnd been captured or was under heavy bombard ment but confirmation was lack ing in Berlin The high com mand said only that operations were proceeding on schedule and CLAIM RUSSIAN DEFENSE LINES BEING SMASHED Tremendous Clashes Between Main Nazi Red Forces Expected BERLIN UR The official German news agency reported Monday night that German armed forces have broken soviet forti fied lines and smashed through red defenses at numerous points The 1NB news agency re ported tliat it had learned in in formed German circles that the wehrmacht had cracked the so viet system nf defenses in many places in he first 21 hours of furious fighting along a 2000 mile front It reported that despite fierce antiaircraft fire sent up by Rus sian batteries the luftwaffe roared across Russia to smash heavily at Russian naval ports and bases particularly the soviet Uboat base on the Black sea The location of the soviet sub marine base was not given Moscow reported that one of the first points ot nazi air attack was the Black sea naval base ot Sebaslopol on the Chimean penin sula DNB claimed tliat German and Rumanian troops are driving ahead across Bessarabia toward the former RussoRumanian fron tier and that the way had been opened for imminent battles on a grand scale with the main strength of the Russian army Tremendous clashes between Ihe main nazi and Red army forces arc expected momentar ily the news agency said fol lowing reports that tlie Ger mans had smashed into Ihe Kus sianx defenses at BreslLilovsk with an unprecedented artil lery barrage and a flame thrower attack The agency said that extensive advances had been made at sev eral points by the German forces The nazi attack was at scattered points along a 2000mile front from Finland to the Black Sea where Bucharest dispatches said German and Rumanian troops were advancing toward Chisinau 60 miles inside soviet Bessarabia The German high command said only that the invasion was proceeding successfully according to plan but nszi reporters at the front said the important gains had been made particularly in the BrestLitovsk sector by use of collapsible boats artificial fog flame throwers and an artillery barrage greater than any pre viously employed in the war Soviet pill boxes were blown to pieces surrounded or attacked with flame throwers nnd in one sector presumably along the Bug river facing the important communications center of Brest Litovsk at least 70 defense bunk BULLETINS NEW YORK Ger man radio reported Monday that nazi forces had crossed Ihe Prut river the border between Rumania and soviet Russia and were continuing to advance after German artillery and the luftwaffe had smashed soviet border fortifications The broad cast was heard by NBC MADRID would like to send an army against soviet Russia a foreign office spokesman said JMonday night but declined to say whether such a move was imminent BUCHAREST and Rumanian troops Monday were reported advancing in the direction of Chisinau capital of soviet Bessarabia about 0 miles from the Frut river frontier of Rumania Chisinau is about 20 mills west of the Dniester river where it is believed Ihe main soviet defense lines are It was understood here that Chisinau is ont of the immedi ate objectives of the German military forces in this region BERLIN in vasion of soviet Russia is pro ceeding on schedule and success fully the German high com mand declared Monday ANKARA Turkey UB de coastal vessels have sighted a fleet of Russian destrpyers and submarines in Ihe vicinity of the Bospfiorus at the entrance to the Black sea highly reliable Turkish sources said Monday It was said that a British mili tary delegation probably would leave Egypt for Russia soon lo coordinate Russian and British war efforts in the Black sea and middle east War on 2000 Mile Front RAF INCREASES RAIDS ON NAZIS LONDON Britains bombers and fighters were re ported sweeping over nazidomi nated Europe in daylight again Monday in the opening phase of what experts predicted would be a greatly intensified aerial offen sive against Germany Following Sunday nights 12th straight raid on northwest Ger many British experts pointed out that Germany had shifted an im portant part of her air strength to eastern Europe in connection with the invasion of soviet Russia and thus had given the Hoyal Air Force an unprecedented opportunity to strike from the west ers fell in the first nazi thrust the dispatches said Nazi sources also reported that on the basis of unofficial informa tion so far available the luft waffe apparently had destroyed as many as 1200 soviet airplanes on the ground and in the air dur ing the first 2i hours of fighting On New Eastern War Front Reds Fight Delaying Action Plan Stand on Main Fort Line By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Baltic bulwark which soviet Russia erected hv Ihreats and persuasion against the possibility of just such an attack by Germany as is now raging along her great western trontier appeared Monday to be crumbling Combined military and political blows within anil with out the three little Latvia and Estonia I he U S S R look into and started fortify a year ago threatened to line them up with Adolf Hitler Accordingto Berlin advices based iu turn on broad casts iiom the Kaunas radio Lithuanians have risen up s forming a new government pledged to help Germany tight Russia to cut Latvia also out ot the Russian camp was indicated when the German radio broadcast a declaration by a Latvian ernmentinexile1 that Latvia too would fight alongside Ger many presumably when and if Russian rule could be cast off Helsinki reports said that Es tonia farthest removed of the three from the GermanRussian battle line vas expectfcd to fol low suit Baltic political refugees themselves antiRussian said Russia had expected revolts in the three states Finland who lost territory to Russia by war declared at the same time that she would main tain neutrality as long as possible sthis despite Adolf Hitlers clas sification of her as his ally In Washington LCK rierson president of he cvport import hank said transfers al rciUy had been stopped on the banks SS5000000 credits In Finland hil he declined to tie iis 111 ivilh the war Lithuanias declaration of inde pendence came as German land forces now at least 10 miles inside Russian territory and the air force pounded Russian bases and communications in a tide of de struction which the German high command announced was proceeci nj on schedule and successfully From Kaunas Lithuania capital ol a little republic fronting on Germany which Russia absorbed last June this announcement was broadcast The Lithuanian people with aH tiie means at their disposal will fight for freedom and independ ence The Kaunas radio apparently already was in the hands of coup government Kcarguanl altacHs on Russian troop emplacements anil com munications in Lithuania were presaged bv an appeal nf the new regime to the people lo takr up arms in order to assist the German army in Lithuania from the Bolshevik occupants and lo receive Ihe jcrmaiis with open arms Kazys Skirpa former Lithuan ian minister to Berlin became premier of the new government according to the Kaunas radio and General Stasys Raslikis former defense minister has taken up his old post The coup UHS credited to the front of Lithuanian activists Russia ackmnvedged a 10 mile German penetration ot Lithuania from East Prussia U was likely that the Russians deliberately abandoned their new fortifications in the Baltic region Poland and Bessarabia and northern Bucovina fighting a delaying action until a stand could be made on the pri mary fortifications along the old Russian frontier Russia pushed her border into Poland in a partitioning with Ger many at the start of the war and incorporated the slates Lithu ania Latvia and Estonia and the Rumanian territory of Bessarabia and northern Bucovina about a year ago Whether Kussia would with draw from bases and territory which she wrested in her war with Finland anil which guard the land and sea approaches to Leningrad remained to be seen hut the Finnish covcrnmenls statement of neutrality followed a donial that German forces were mint Finnish bases The Finns said however that soviet bombers had struck swift ly at their ports and shipping a few hours after Adolf Hitler stavt cd his down offensive against tha This mup shows a portion of he border involved as rases nn a 2000 mite Russian German front Former Black Hawk Sheriff Shores Dies WATERLOO ser vices were held here Monday for Frank M Shores 73 former Blnck Hawk county sheriff nnd Waterloo police chief who died Sunday following a prolonged ill ness A former president of the low Associalion of Police Chiefs Shores served as chief here from to 1934 and as county sheriff from 1909 lo Swedish Circles Fear Hitler May Seek Bases LONDON cir cles Monday reported fear lhat Adolf Hitler would seek German naval and air bases in Sweden as a result of unzi operations against Russian forces in the Baltic iei Weather Report VORECAST MASON CITY Fair and slighlly cooler Monday night Tuesday fair warmer in afternoon IOWA Generally fair Monday night and Tuesday slightly cooler cast porlion Monday night somewhat warmer Tues day MINNESOTA Generally fair Monday night and Tuesday warmer Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 84 Minimum Sunday night At 8 a m Monday 74 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation i if The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Kfl Minimum in night fit At 8 R m Sunday 70 YEAR AGO Maximum so Minimum 70 Precipitation Trace   

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