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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 11, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTWCUT OF H I S I 0 i Y A A f I i CES MQIWEi I A HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVn MASON CITY THI IRIGHT SPOT SOC1ATED PRESS AND UNITEDPRESS FUU LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JUNE 11 1941 ims PAPER CONSISTS 6P SECTION ONE Theuloo Are Americans Caution Thats Policy of Brazil EDITORS NOTE This is aimthrr nf a series of written tar Hall Mason CiljGlobeGazette managing editor in the course of tour through South America as one of a party of facets of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Number 80 By W EARL HALL PJO DE is the one word which best de scribes Brazils foreign policy Except among Brazilians at German blood there is an almost universal dislike if not hatred of Hitlerism For a number of reasons which have become clear to even such a casual visitor as myself the British are not liked here gener ally speaking Rank and file Braz ilian sentiment is antinazi rath er than proBrttish But Brazil Is definitely pro United States Our people are liked here and the Roosevelt foreign policy has an almost universal blessing Other things equal Brazil will be found on our side in world politics Here however is where caution comes into the picture Other things are NOT equal There is the fear if not the belief that Hitler will win the war And if that should happen Brazilians are realistic enough to recognize thai their economy must be geared into the European economy British unpopularity bottoms on nil accumulation of minor irrita tions rather than on any one dis pleasing act For one thing the Britons resident here live pretty much unto themselves affecting a superiority over the natives Then theres the little item of airmail censorship at Trinidad Although there are other ways to get mail to and from Ger many which would be used by hose with designs on Britain the British persist in holdine up and openinr all mail at Port of Spain My own letters from the states have been Jen days in transit instead of the expected five Last and perhaps most import ant the British have been refus ing to let Germanmade shipments of arms for the Brazilian armj pass through the blockade High or wrong the Brazilians hold tc the belief that getting these arms out of Germany would be for the good of Britain as well as for thi good of Brazil They dont like tin British course at all Reasons for United States popu larity here are as easily under stood Quite largely the irrita tions so costly to the British have been avoided Theres the addi tional and important fact too tha down through the years United Slates has been Brazils best cus tomer and the trade balance usu ally if not always lias been fa vorable to Brazil Coffee has been the principal Brazilian export to U S and 1 from our end of the line auto cost about 50 per cent more heavy i machinery have been Brazils principal requirements With the 1 world market demoralized trade with U S is doubly ap preciated But the feeling goes deeper than this The average person here Im t persuaded eels that the future of Brazil and the future of United States are intertwined Uncle Sam 5s looked upon as the force which would stand between Brazil and victorious Hitler Though large in i than U S real izes it doesnt cut a very wide swath in world affairs particular ly in a military way She is per fectly willing to accept U S as a big This attitude goes so far that I actually believe Brazil would follow our country into the war which is just what she did in 1917 Vargas is a warm admirer of President Roosevelt a fact often commented upon by those about him On the night of our last na tional election one of his news paper friends called him on the telephone and reported in this cryptic manner Our side is lead ing Getulio In a number of respects the Brazilian new deal has emu lated the Roosevelt new deal Because of the backward state of the country h o w e v c r the progress of the social rc form program has been less pronounced Minimum wage re quirements for example have been scarcely above the lowest subsistence level Despite this friendship for ij United States however there has been a studied avoidance of taking in the out on limb so to speak There is al rjways the specter of a victorious to be dealt with All of vhich explains why caution is the me most distinguishing mark of Brazilian foreign policy U S GIVES 75 MILLION IN AID FRENCH ADMIT HEAVY LOSS IN SYRIA DEFENSE Vichy Troops Reported Aided by Unidentified Air Force Units By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A whole French urobably 600 to 700 Deen sacrificed in a vain attempt to prevent British troops from crossing the Litani river in a drive toward the Lebanese capital of Beirut the French acknowl edged late Wednesday The French also admitted that neavy fighting was raging in front of Kissoue a town only 10 miles south of Damascus the capital of Syria French troops were described as holding fast in that sector but the British declared that allied forces had already en tered Kissoue London quarters expected to hear that Damascus had been captured by night fall V These developments capped previous French assertions that the four day old allied invasion was faltering and as indications arose that Adolf Hitlers luft waffe IIES entered the conflict to bolster the hardpressed French UNIDENTIFIED PLANES ARE AIDING FRENCH Censored dispatches from Da mascus said Vichy French troops were being supported by uniden tified air force units which Tues day attacked Haifa in British mandated Palestine Coincidentally the German high command reported that Ger man warplanes operating from new bases raided Haifa Tues day The British said the German base was at Aleppo Syria In the battle of the Atlantic the nazi high command said the Germany navy and air froce had sunk a total of 3235000 tons of British shipping during the first four months of 1941 French reports said Vichj troops rallying against the Brit ishFree French invasion had ex ecuted a successful counter attack to check allied forces driving to ward Damascus RAF warplanes it was said bombed the capital city of Beirut Lebanon during the night Military dispatches reaching Vichy said defenders of Frances middle east mandates were also holding the British along the en tire SyriaLebanon front The British acknowledged stiffening resistance on three fronts in Syria but asserted that allied forces had reached the town of Kiswe 10 miles south of Damascus Official British re ports Tuesday night had de clared the allies were within sight of the minarets of Damas cus and the London raflio said British troops had actually en tered the outskirts nf the capi tal X 3 British middle east headquar ters in a terse communique on tin Syrian conflict said merely Allied forces continue to make satisfactory progress A dispatch sent from Damascu at oclock Wednesday morn ing a m EST said tin French continued strong resist ance against allied troops drivinc on the Syrian capital and on Bei rut the capital of Lebanon Reports from the jigsaw battle front said that the allies are using loud speakers extensively in ap pealing to Vichy French soldiers k join Gen Charles de Gaulles Free French invasion forces and tha 600 Vichy troops bad already transferred to the allies Authoritative quarters in Lon don said French resistance was mostly patchy but it was ad mitted that stiff opposition was met by British forces which landed on the Lebanon coast north of Tvrc under the guns of British warships V Fighting was also reported at Merjayoun Lebanon w here British troops were advancing from the northern tip of Palestine French dispatches said the heaviest action centered along the Litani river 40 miles below Beirut the Lebanese capital where Vichy troops were reported to have thrown back repeated British at tacks despite shellfire from Brit ish warships off the coast The French said a British col umn moving up the Euphrates riv er valley from Iraq had reached border outposts at Abou Kemal where a pipeline from the Mosul oil fields enters eastern Syria London reports said a British the same Wilhelm Is Buried Press Radiophofo The military trappings of the defunct German empire glitter once more as the body of the former German kaiser Wilhelm II is taken from a tiny chapel al Doom Holland to his tomb Behind tile catafalque stands his eldest son and heir the former Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Also in the picture are the widow Princess Hermine and Princn August Wilhelm of Prussia wiio wears the spiked helmet of the old imperial days Charles H Parr Pioneer in Tractor Manufacturing Dies Charles City Mans Funeral Rites Sel for Sunday Afternoon one mentioned by the was knifing into eastern Syria from Iraq in a drive aimed at tha Palmyra air base on the Mosul Tripoli oil pipeline An oasis crossroads desert caravans in olden times Palmyra is aboul 150 miles west of the Iraq frontier NAZIS RECOGNIZE JAPANESE INTEREST In the fur east crisjis Germany clicked on the green light for her axis partner Japan in connection with the Dutch East Indians dis pute A Berlin spokesman said Ger many recognizes Japans interest in the Dutch fount such war supplies as rubber tin and intimated broadly that Germany would not be averse to seeing Japan include the Indies in Japans lebensraum living Such a thrust by Japan rais ing the possibility ot conflict with Great Britain and the United States obviously would be wel comed in Berlin but latest advices from Tokio have indicated that Japan intends to go slow The situation developed from the Dutch refusal to yield to Jap anese demands for increased ex ports of oil and other war ma terials Receives Year in Jail for Theft of Nickel LOS ANGELES S Fuller 63 was sentenced to a year in jail for stealing a nickel from a newsboy Police officers testi fied Fuller lifted the coin from pile of newspapers with a bit of adhesive tape attached to the end of his cane Fuller contended the coin stuck to his cane by acci dent win headline CHARLES CITY H Parr 73 coinventor of th farm tractor with the late C W Hart died Tuesday evening al Loa Angeles where he recently wen for a visit Air Parr was bom in Wisconsii and he and Mr Hart graduatcc from the University oE Wisconsin Upon completing their colle course they conducted a smal gasoline engine business al Mad son moving to Charles City in 1901 In 1902 the first gasolin tractor was completed In 1003 they perfected the first known method of burning kerosene as a fuel cutting fuel costs in half The word tractor was orig mated by the sales manager o the company and the machine be came known as the HartPar tractor Several year ago til HartPnrr Tractor company wa consolidated with Oliver Farn Equipment company the tracto plant remaining here where be tween 800 and TOOO men ar employed Funeral services will be held Sunday afternoon at 2 oclock in the Congreffalional church The Rev Joseph G Morgan will be in charge Burial will be made in the Riverside cemetery Survivors include a sister Miss Gertrude Parr of Charles City who was with Mr Parr on the trip lo California five daughters and a son The daughters arc Mrs Charles Bruce of Washington D C Miss liena C Parr ot Pocatello Idaho Mrs F L Georgette of Glendale Cal Mrs Morris Jen sen of Castana Iowa and Miss Winifred Parr of Los Angeles The son is Wayland Parr of Glendale Cal dent when he stopped to read a Ils in February of year Funeral arrangements ire in charge of the Lindatnan EIRE WONT LET U S USE PORTS N BRITISH AID DeValera Believes Such Step Might Start Nazi Legitimate Bombing LONDON W sources aid Wednesday that Prime Min ster Earnon de Valera ot Eire had to permit the United tales to use either seaports or airports in Ireland as a stepping tone for transportation of war upplies to Britain The Irish prime minister with he memory of bombs dropped in Dublin May 31 still tresh in his mind was said to feel that use of iny part of southern Ireland for such purposes would open the country to German air attacks as i legitimate military target It was understood however hat he is agreeable to establish tient of a terminus in Ireland for transAtlantic passenger service The United Slates was said re liably to be speeding arrange ments for a direct air link with Sritain because ot fear that Ger man moves in the western Medi Lorraneau and Atlantic soon might sever the present connection via the Azores and Lisbon If Irish permission could have been obtained for a stopover by warplanes being ferried to Britain it would have shortened such flights materially and helped solve fuel problems for such planes as heavy bombers They have to be flown now from Hali fax directly to Britain Production 95 Per Cent of Normal at Airplane Plant Propeller Strike Threatened Resumption of Work in Five Aluminum Plants Is Expected By THE ASSOCIATED FKESS The army claimed Wednesday it had restored production to 95 per cent of normal at the govern mentc o m m a n d e e r e d North American Aviation Corporations Inglewood Cal plant as a CIO union announced a new strike threat against Curtiss Wright propeller division plants at Pitts burgh Col Charles W Steinmetz re ported that at least 95 per cent of the normal North American day crew ot 7000 was at work compared with 4866 workers Wednesday At a park near the biff avia tion plant some BOO persons at tended a mass meeting called by the CIO United Automobile Workers whose strike for high er wages and a union shop was broken when the army occupied the plant to protest reports of union discrimination Wyndham Mortimer deposed UAW international representative told the mass meeting This is a battle over whether unions will be destroyed in this country by the army or other BULLETINS WASHINGTON Secretary Knox said Wednesday that sub versive and communistic elements using labor union activity as a cloak to attack American free dom and liberty from now on would be proceeded against as enemies of the country RIO DE JANEIRO Phil lip Williams secretary of the United States embassy flew Wednesday to Recife to obtain firsthand testimony from sur vivors on the sinking of the American freighter Robin Moor WASHINGTON ff wiiiiam S Knudsen told a group of 200 aircraft manufacturers Wednes day that their production was 50 per cent ahead of schedule and that by nexfc fall you will be producing all the airplanes we union sions Army Game Results in Capture of Fanner WITH THE ARMY IN TEN NESSEE private in the 153rd infantry fiom Camp Robin son Ark proudly led in as a pris oner a man wearing blue denim the color of the enemys uni form in the ivar games here Commanding officers with soft handed diplomacy turned he was a fanner living in the maneuver area Weather Report FORECAST MASpN CITY Cloudy with oc casional rain Wednesday night and Thursday not much change in temperature IOWA Cloudy occasional rain night and cast por tion Thursday warmer west portion Thursday MINNESOTA Cloudy occasional rains Wednesday night and ex treme east Thursday slightly warmer west portion Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette statistics Maximum Tuesday 65 Minimum Tuesday night 57 At 8 a m Wednesday 63 Rain 53 inch YEAR AGO Maximum tifi Minimum 48 funeral home Iowa AFL Condemns Wildcat Strikes in Defense Industry CEDAB RAPIDS The Iowa Federation of Labor in con vention here Wednesday adopted resolutions condemning wildcat strikes in defense industries urged unions to expel communists and fascists from their ranks and called for a legislative investiga tion of the communist partv in this state The delegates went on record as condemning strikes and stoppage of work in defense industries which have not first been submitted to the national mediation board The resolution went on to condemn also the subversive agencies which are re sponsible for the attempt to delay our national defense proaram LOOK INSIDE FOR UNCLE DAN BEARD Pioneer in U S Boy Scout Movement Dies PAGE 2 wise We are not saboteurs Let us show them we are not trying deelar to sabotage national defense Let quish us still be confident that Presi when dent Roosevelts promise lo re spect our rights will be observed Three members of the UAW negotiating committee who re ported they were suspended from the night shift by army orders spoke to the mass meeting and three other workers reported they had been dismissed by foremen The CIO steel workers or ganizing committee asked a 10 cent an hour wags increase at the Curtiss plants or an agree ment by the company for arbi tration It set midnight Thurs day as the strike deadline The union said the minimum now was 60 cents and the average hourly wage 78 cents There arc more than 1000 employes in the two plants A picket line turned back a few workers at the Lamson and Ses sions plant in Cleveland and company officials said only about 100 of the usual 550 employes en tered Wednesday morning The plant makes aircraft parts and the CIOUAW called a strike there late Tuesday contending the com pany refused to negotiate on de mands for pay adjustments and installation of safety devices The defense labor picture brightened on several other fronts At the Consolidated Aircraft cor poration San Diego the threat ot a strike lessened when the manage ment and officials the AFL ma chinists union reached an agree ment Tuesday night on the terms of n proposed new labor contract This occurred as workers in the huge bomber plant finished n se cret ballot on the question of au thorizing union officials to order a walkout if necessary to enforce wage increase demands Itesulls of the balloting were expected to be announced Wednesday but the new contract will not be submit ted to the union membership for action until Thursday A speedy resumption of work ivas looked for in the five Cleve land plants of the Aluminum company of America where 5 500 CIO die casters struck on Monday The defense mediation board al Washington Tuesday night an nounced a settlement formula calling for a general onecent wage increase an hour and union spokesmen participating in the ne gotiations announced their approv al They predicted prompt ratifica tion by the membership The U S conciliation service also reached a settlement recom mendation Tuesday night with the representatives of 2800 striking AFL teamsters and 179 truck com panies at Pittsburgh Terms of the settlement were not disclosed pending ratification by the full union membership and the man agement association An answer was expected by Wednesday night President Roosevelt announced at his press conference Tuesday that Harvey W Brown president of the AFL machinists union whose strike at 11 San Francisco bay shipyards had seriously re tarded worth of ship building would the unions ex ecutive board Wednesday to order pute was certified lo the media tion board Monday The promising terms in negotia tions at Consolidated came as de fense officials watched apprehen sively the all day strike ballot for union officials said the vote would undoubtedly authorize leaders to call a strike at their discretion Terms of the new proposal was not announced The union has nskecl n basic wage boost from 50 to 60 cents with an automatic in crease to 75 cents after six months shop and other conces Consolidated holds 5700000000 in orders for planes for the army and navy and Britain and has more than 13900 hourly paid em ployes North American workers said the president will get their regu lar pay this week but if wage raises should be granted they will be retroactive to May 1 The basic wage is now 50 cents an hour but CIO strikers have been seeking a 75 cent minimum and 10 cents an hour increase for workers in higher classifications Mr Roosevelt said the plant owners would get Iheir property back as soon as possible and added this would be true in other similar cases if any should de velop He said lie hoped none would develop On the scene Colonel Branshaw declared the troops would relin 4 BILLION MORE IS ALLOCATED F R DECLARES President Promises Anew Steady Flow of Materials to Britain WASHINGTON Roosevelt reported Wednesday that ol war materials have been transferred to Great Britain ami other fighting de mocracies since enactment ot the landlease law and has been allocated for further aid out of the provided by congress In his first report to congress required under HR 1776 Mr Roosevelt promised anew that America wiil help Britain defeat the axis forces with n steady flow of materials and will see that these materials reach the effective places our natural resources our productive capacity and the Kcnius of our People for mass production we will help Britain lo outsrip the axis powers in munitions of war and we will see to it that these munitions get to the places where they can be effectively used to weaken and defeat the aggressors Sir Roosevelt said control when and only the United States govern ment decides the need for them no longer exists Mediation board terms for set tlement of the Alcoa strike at Cleveland embodied a signed con tract with the CIO a general 1 cent hourly wage increase boost ing of the wage minimum from 72 to 73 cents and a bonus for night work The die casters had asked a 75 cent minimum and a general raise oC 4 cents Union spokesmen snid the agreement bad been approved by their entire negotiating tee and by CIO President Philip Murrav A board member voiced hope the five plants would resume work Wednesday on more than 550000000 ot defense contracts for airplane engine parts but CIO organizers told a strikers meeting in Cleveland Tuesday night they hod not yet been apprised any settlement They said nothing about conducting a ratifying vote at a union meeting scheduled for Wednesday Joe Louis Brews Trouble for Conn SPORTS PACK BOMB SIGHT IS ACCURATE Source in London Tells of Use of American Developed Equipment LONDON reliable United States source said Wednes day thai a British bomber equipped with a United Statcs cieyeloped bombTsisht sank an axis ship off the Dutch coast June with a direct hit from 8000 feet with the first bomb released This source said United States civilian bombsight expert was aboard the bomber at the time The British have already re ported use of the Sperry sight by their planes but there is no in dication the United Stales lias given Britain the Norden sight A secretary of President Roose velt said last Nov 21 that the na tions most efficient bomb sight remained a mililary secret and was NOT being released to Brit ain with bombing planes lie said they were equipped with the Sperry sight which was consid ered more or less obsolete in re lation to the Norden sight The newer appartus considered Americas foremost military se cret was developed after 15 years in cooperation with the navy department The govern ment has never announced where the sights standard equipment on American war planes are manu factured American officials said the Nor den sight permitted spreading of a deadly bomb pattern over a small target from a great allilude The report showed overall to tals of shipments and allocations but Mr Roosevelt told congress that he was providing it only with such details as are advisable without disclosing military secrets to benefit the axis The in actual ship ments it was made clear was hardly more than a first trickle of what will become a lorrcnt ot aid pouring across the sea later These materials were things that were on hand when the Icndlease act was passed v In the 71 days since then the president said he had allo cated to the war navy agricul ture and treasury departments and the maritime commission more than of the total The bal ance of less than is being rapidly allocated Thesn funds arc being used largely to make new equipment for Britain but also to provide food and some raw materials The president gave congress the following breakdown ot the materials already dispatched to the democracies chiefly to Britain but also including China Ammunition for small arms and artillery explosives 760 361 Ordnance arms and miscellan Watcrcraft Clothing medical supplies etc Signal and chemical equipment Agricultural 261 Machinery Raw materials and 5497806 That brought the total of actual shipments to for the period March 11May 31 The president also disclosed that in June 1940 when the fate of the democracies was trembling under axis blowsin France lie sold to Britain sur plus rifles machine guns firld artillery ammunition and air craft which he valued al SJI 000000 but which required about 5300000000 to produce during the World war Those transfers a year ago be emphasized in his letter of mittal were in addition to the 50 overage destroyers which he rushed to Britain in exchange fov the right to establish defense babes in the western hemisphere The report broke down his B al location under the 57000000000 lendlease law as follows War 52890620953 navy the 1500 work to 1700 men back lo However six plants of the Bolm Aluminum and Brass company al Detroit remained closed by Tuesdays strike of 4000 CIOUAW men The dis KILLED IN CRASH MONTEZUMA Kirk about 50 farmer near here was killed Tuesday and his wife was seriously injured in an auto mobile collision Kirki machine collided with one highway patrol men said was driven by Charles Frazier also a resident of this vi cinity 339358 maritime commission treasury 863 agriculture ex ecutive office office ot emergency management The allocations were detailed by specific purpose as follows Ordnance and ordnance Aircraft and aeronautical ma Tanks and other 502800 Vessels and other water Miscellaneous military equip Facilities and 134818 Agricultural industrial and oth
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