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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 5, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H I S f I EM 0 e r o i o 1 r 3 M J I N 3 C 0 M P I 4 MW HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS IUU LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JUNE 5 1941 T1US PAPEB CONSISTS OP iWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE MASON CITY SPOT NO 203 Theytloo Are Americans Censorship in Brazil Explained EDITORS NOTE TWi la inolbtl of scries of articles nritlcn by W tarl Hall Mason City GlobeGazetta manarlng editor In Ibe course ora tour through South America as one of a early ol 12 juesls of Iho Number 75 By W EAUL HALL RIO DE little article written in Brazil couldn be printed in Brazil H it were both 1 and the publisher of th newspaper which gave it spac would spend some time in the hoosegow Not that there is going to be anything sensational about it Not at all Merely that it deals with some subjects which are taboo under the rules of wJiat is somewhat humorously re ferred to as voluntary censor ship down here President Getulio Vargas has the notion that in some eases what his constituents dont know not only doesnt hurt them but definitely helps them To carry out his ideas he has enlisted the services of one Senor Lourival Fontes as director of press and propaganda The censorship imposed is not a ruthless yet at least Like the censorship of Germany it rather leaves the individual pub lisher on his own responsibility with graduated penalties for in fractions instead oE vigilant su pervision to preclude infractions Over at Sao Paulo an impor tant daily newspaper has been taken over by the government 01 pretext or other There were rumors oE communistic ties ant ammunition in the basement bu it is an interesting coincidence tha one oE the owners of the paper i a Vargas enemy in exile W Here in Kio a paper one day made bold to suggest that the army ought to stick to things military and leave polities to the politicians So on after the edito rial appeared soldiers occupied the newspapers office and a twoday suspension of the publi cation ensued Publishers are provider with a list oE proscribed news Among the subjects classified by Senor Fontes as not convenient are News about industrial strikes Only Brazilians with shortwave radios know that United States has had its troubles along this line I i News about diplomatic viits be 1 v nations in the Americas News reflecting unfavorably on ic president or any member of is personal or official family Where is also a restraint on the going news from Brazil News ncies and correspondents for idual papers understand that future happiness here de on rather complete corn particularly in matters ting that not all is well in An internal affairs a governmental decree printed in lang Vier than Portuguese must the official language 1 British and Ameri told that the edict is the totalitarian nations BRITISH BEGIN SYRIA BLOCKADE 10 Billion Army Fund Recommended 40000 PLANES IS TOTAL GOAL ASKED IN PLAN Record Bill Includes Blunt Notice Huge Fund Is Insufficient WASHINGTON Jf A SIO 009655187 army supply argest single appropriation since Vorld war funds 0 give the air corps a total of 0000 planes was sent to the louse by its appropriations com nittee Thursday with a blunt no ice that the huge fund was in sufficient During secret testimony on the neasure made public Thursday Sobert P Patterson undersecre ary of war solemnly told the committee while discussing the vastl3 extended plane program that We have in the war depart ment a feeling that there will lie a military need of all the planes covered by tliis pro gram The undersecretary did not am plify that statement for the rec ord but said that it was estimated conservatively that Germanys current airplane productive ca pacity was 3000 monthly and that the nazis already have embarked on a program of utilizing the fa cilities of conquered countries which would increase lier plane capacity to between 4000 and 6000 monthly 1 In recommending the S10000 000000 outlay to finance the armys greatly expanded activi ties for the year starting July i the committee said it would bring the total of defense appropria tions contract authorizations and II LeaseLend Aid in Singapore rly the Japanese letting away who with nobody but the an read their newspa Bul the story isnt wholly The press is accorded con siderable latitude iT the dis 1 playing of war news Theres an unbelievable number of papers and each features the news ac according to its own constitu i encys desire In one newspaper one may read if he reads Por tuguese that the Germans have won an enormous victory and in another paper on the same news stand one may read that tKlhe British have just about jaushed the Germans back into recommendations since last July 1 to of the provided for the lendlease program and the SG 000000000 required to complete the twoocean navy r Despite these gigantic outlays the committee said that barring a slackening of the defense programs tempo the pending bill would not be adequate for the coming fiscal year because costs already were higher than when the estimates were pre pared The committee pointed out that of the total recom mended S982G509492 was in cash and S183145695 in con tractual authority Some of the major allotments h the bill included fo 12856 additional in eluding bombers pursuit and cars ships for pay of th 1418000man army for the purchase of 3000 barrag balloons 892000000 for seacoas defenses chiefly to begin a com plelc modernization of those dc tenses along the Atlantic and Gu coast S245000000 for spare ci gincs and parts for bombers S51 000000 for continuation of the dc velopmcnt of the new Atlant island bases 3270000000 for nc military post construction S402 000000 for the acquisition of ad ditional critical and essential weapons and other equipment and for the maintenance and operation of plant and equip ment American leaselend material for the British stronghold of Singapore Ls arriving there in Ameri an freighters like the one shown docked in this picture Recently arrived Indian soldiers pass along a lock between freighter and cases of American material consigned to Ministry ot Supply Singapore asm for these potent contribu tions of the machine age to mod ern warfare the group said in explanation William S Knudsen director eneral of the office of production nanagement told the committee hat with the re uested by President Roosevelt for 2R5fi additional planes the coun rys aircraft industry would reach capacity of about 50000 planes initially by mid1942 Final de ivories under the present program ill not be made until the fall of he following year Of tlie total for the additional Jans would be for lie ships themselves the rest for ornnancc radio and related equip nent Marshall testified that while the army has only a rough idea of the cost of maintaining the 50000 jlane force which includes 10000 lavy planes it is so vast that it makes one sick in contemplation rle agreed that an earlier estimate of about 550000 per plane per year would mean an annual outlay ot for the air corps alone Runaway of Mules Fatal to Custodian of Kossuth Home WORK IN HUGE PLANE PLANT IS HALTED BY CIO 11237 Men Are Idle After Pickets Form Lines in Ingle wood INGLEWOOD Cal W ClOUnitcd Automobile Worker union declared a strike at tin North American Aviation cor porations big warplane plant a a m m CST Thurs day Three hours later compan officials instructed workers No North American employe are to report to work Thursda pending future instructions fror the national defense mediatio board in Washington The statement was issued aftc a long distance conversation bo twecn plant officials and Norl American President J II Kinde berger in Washington The no work instruc tions were given just an hour and 15 minutes before 7000 to 8000 day shift workers were scheduled to report A skeleton crew of 1200 men chiefly maintenance workers was in the plant They had entered be fore the pickets arrived but the CIO said maintenance men might enter the plant to keep it iu order for a quick resumption of work after the itrikc is settled CIO spokesmen estimated 1500 pickets were on the line at the time the no work today order LOOK INSIDE FOR ARTHUR CURTISS JAMES ZERO HOUR IN NEW STRUGGLE BELIEVED NEAR Axis Warplanes Kill 100 in Alexandria Transjordan Bombed By THE ASSOCIATED VUESS Great Britain clamped a block ade on Frenchruled Syria and Lebanon Thursday declaring them enemy occupied territory and potential springboards for Adolf Hitlers war machine tostrike at Palestine Cyprus and Egypt Powerful squadrons of the Brit ish fleet were reported massing off the Syrian coast and all signs indicated that the zero hour of a vast struggle was now very near Yachtsman One of 10 Richest Men Is Dead PAGE 2 Nelson Is Favorite in National Open SPORTS PAGE Damage Caused by Floods damages in Wimieshiek county which have just been checked by the county engineer amount to S 100000 Other bridges and roads damaged in the county but not completely demolished will require another S20000 for repairing Parks 63 Dragged 3 Rods Gets Up and Then Collapses Parks 63 cus todian of the Kossuth county home here since 1927 was killed shortly before noon Thursday while plowing corn ill a field just north of tile home His niulc team evidently be coming frightened ran away Mr Parks was thrown from the seat of the cultivator and dragged three or four rods according to an inmate of the home who witnessed the accident Mr Parks got up after being dragged walked about 20 feet and collapsed It was reported that he died of hemorrhage of the brain Mr Parks resided in Kossuth county for many years and before taking the position of custodian had farmed near Lakota and Al gona His body was taken to the Mc Cullough funeral chapel in Al gona He is survived by his wife Funeral arrangements have nol been made Wright County 4H Rally Day Friday STATE PAGE Turks Hear Nazis Will Fight Reds By THE ASSOCIATED IKESS Vichy reported Thursday that Adolph Hitler and Russias Prem ier Joseph Stalin had agreed to use the soviet Ukraine as Europes breadbasket but Ankara heard that German and Rumqnian least 1000000 were massing for a June attack on Russia Authoritative Turkish circles said they had been informed that Germany had 100 lore for the axis than for British stoppage of de lcry on a war order from Ger at the start of the war and Jitish censorship of airmail at Iinidad have not contributed to itish popularity in Brazil i lited States is infinitely more Jpular Generally speaking the press of razil is inferior to the press of aenos Aires The combined jBorning and evening circulation in Rio is scarcely as great that of one of B As numerous lipers El Mundo 1 havent meant in this letter to lave the inference that Brazil Ins are chafing under the cen Irship They arent Theyre most about it all too lilosophical to please one who les censorship as the entering pdge to despotism But maybe because Brazil has never I own a really free press in our Ijcplancc of the term Apropos of modernizing coast defense installation Gen George C Marshall chief of staff testi fied that our concept of our seacoast defense requirements has been changed as a result of the change in status of the French fleet and as to the fu ture possibility of a less active English fleet in the Atlantic Marshall on April 28 that the army tentatively was planning at that time on demobiliz ing the national guard upon com pletion of its year of federal ser vice starting about Sept 15 and that about 655000 men would be maintained in the regular army during the coming fiscal year He said however a final decision on whether to hold the national guard in service beyond the scheduled year would be made some time in June and would be determined largely by the international situa tion The appropriations committee put 325000000 in the bill as a spe cial contingent fund for Marshalls use in meeting constantly arising situations and also included a provision to give broad power to place orders for equipment for whatever additional armored di visions or units he deemed war ranted by world affairs The committee confesses to the general contagion of cnthus Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday a few scattered showers northwest and extreme west slightly warmer extreme east Thursday night MINNESOTA Considerable cloudiness Thursday night and Friday with an occasional show er or thunderstorm warmer ex treme southeast Thursday night MASON CITY Partly cloudy slightly warmer Thursday night Friday increasing cloudiness IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 83 Minimum Wednesday night 54 At 8 a m Thursday 73 YEAR AGO Maximum 77 Minimum 57 MAY RESTRICT OIL IN MONTH WASHINGTON Iff Petro leum Administrator ickes declared Thursday restrictions on oil con sumption in the east was prob able within a month and added that lie hoped if severe measures become necessary they would be undertaken on a voluntary basis The deficiency of oil in the populous east Ickes said might become so critical that not only gasless Sundays might be neces sary but might mean that we cant drive for pleasure on any day Restrictions now appeared ne cessary only in the cast he added Ickes strongly urged immediate application of daylight saving j time to the whole country and criticized C W Kellogg president of the Edison Electric Institute and chief of power for the office of production management for his recent statement that the power situation will be found to been adequately provided roughly 1500000 on the HussOGcrman border in i Poland with M other naxi divi jsions concentrated in Rumania These sources also claimed that Rumania had mobilized 25 divi sions and also recalled to the colors the classes which wcie de mobilized six weeks ago It was said Hie joint German Rumanian attack on Russias red armies could be expected by mid June Authorized quarters in Buda pest dismissed foreign reports of Rumanian mobilization as false gossip spread by coftecliouse Record Number on Strike in U S Defense Plants BTHE ASSOCIATED IKESS Defense officials reported Hie largest number of men on strike Thursday in defense in dustries that had been out on any day this year as tlicre was widespread speculation in Washington whether President Roosevelt miRhf act to end such stoppages The CIO walkout at the big North American Aviation cor porations plapl at Inelewood Cal enforced as the defense mediation board considers the labor dispute pushed tlie num ber oil strike lo 52800 There arc about employes at North American and their walkout defense officials said caused very grave concern The officials said there had been 22532IG mandays of work im war department orders lost through strikes since Jan 1 when compilation of strike records was started MISSING BOYS MOTHER HELD Mrs Dons Browning Placed Under Arrest at San Diego Cal NORTHWOOD Browning sought alarmists and asserted that the present callingup of officers and soldiers was normal at this time of year for a month or two of military drill have for News Correspondent 1 Ordered From Russia MOSCOW Scott 29 j American newspaperman who is correspondent here for the News Chronicle of London has been or dered to leave Russia by Saturday on the ground that he has sent systematically libellous dis patches regarding Russia it was revealed Thursday was given They said most of the ncn were from the night produc tion crew of 50U men which had completed its shifi at 3 a m North American which has S19GOOOOOO in defense orders employe 11237 men Of these ilOOO are in production and the CIOUAW claims 7000 of them a members In Washington North Ameri cans president J H Kindclberger said he planned to meet with the mediation board Thursday The company issued a statement here that we will continue to hold ourselves available for negotia tions and that the CIOUAW had violated the May 31 agreement W P Goodman chairman of the CIO United Automobile Workers local called the strike charging the defense mcdiatioi board in Washington with stall ing the workers The CIO demands that the minimum wage be increased from 50 cents an hour to 75 cents and an increase of ID cents an hour for all employes After local negotiations failed to effect 2 settlement the nego tiators went to Washington two weeks ago to confer with the mediation board her 7 year old son David Roberts at Manly on May 20 has been ar rested in San Diego Cal Worth County Atty L E Plummcr saicl Thursday Mr Plumincr said that he had received a telegram saying that authorities at San Diego were holding Mrs Browning there The wire made no mention of the boy Mr Plummetsaid The boy hud been living with his grandparents Mr and Mrs C H Roberts for the last two years His fSthcr is in the United States marine corps and is currently sta tioned in Hawaii Mrs Browning divorced the boys father when Uio boy was seven mouths old and had custody of him until he was a when his grandmother went to California and brought him back to Manly Mrs Brovning has signed papers relinquishing all claims to the boy He has been missing since a woman came to the Manly school May 20 and asked for the boy saying that she was his mother He greeted her with a kiss and they left in a car heaving Califor ia license plates Mr Plummcr said that Mrs frowning refused lo waive cx radiliou from California but that had not been decided yet vhcther or not an attempt will be nade lo extradite her Blasting at the main base of the British Mediterranean fleet axis xvarplanes were reported to have bombed Alexandria Egypt during the night killing more Hum 100 persons The London radio reported that Frenchtypo planes bombed the capital city of Amman in Britishmandated Transjordan as a reprisal for the bombing of gaso ine stores at Beirut Lebanon The radio said the attack sup ortcd belief that Frenchtype llanos seen flying from Rhodes lo Syria were manned by German TURKS WATCH WITH MOUNTING ANXIETY Turkey watched the crisis with mounting anxiety Turkish Foreign Minister Sukru Saracoglu was re ported to have informed German Ambassador Franz von Papen ot Turkeys concern over the asserted debvrkationol German troops in Syriaf Saracoglu told he nai envoy Mrs Doris that Turkey was prepared to take for kidnaping additional security measures along iremen in Wartime Stand as First Line f Defense Baer Says WATERLOO Firefighters in wartime stand as the first line of defense Fred Bacr of Washington president of the In ternational Association of Fire fighters declared here The English pcopV in defend ing their country have taught the American people that fire fighters stand as the first line of defense Bacr told the Iowa Asociation of Firefighters at the annual con vention With tiie constant threat of possible bombings hanging over our heads we must be prepared to meet tie emergencies of na tional defense Fire officials must provide their men with the best equipment and see to it that the equipment is kept in shape her southeast frontier facing Sy ria and Iraq responsiblesourcesin Ankara said GERMAN TROOPS AUK SLIPPING INTO SYRIA The Turkish radio reported that 15COO German troops had already slipped into Syria nutny of them incongruously disguised as Jewish refugees others bandaged and limping like wounded soldiers home from the wars Under cover of darkness the Germans were also reported land ing on the Syrian coast from small fishing vessels V Ilculcrs British news agency said that u dozen or more nayi arriving daily in Syria and that 150 empty transport planes lad arrived at Kayak airdrome Mon day With 500000 troops in the mid dle east under the command Gen Sir Archibald P Wavcll the British moved swiftly to counter the latest German threat Imper ial troops stationed in Palestine Iraq and Cyprus were said to have been heavily reinforced in Hie past few days BOISSON AUKIVKS IN VICHY FOR CONFERENCE Frances role in the impending I conflict was further highlighted I by the unexpected arrival in Vichy of Governor Pierre Boisson French West Africa the defender of Dakar against an abortive at tempt by Gen Charles De Gaulles Free French forces to seize that African coast town last September Boisson joined Generalissimo Maximo Wcygand commander of New Camp Construction Rushed Army May Be Doubled WASHINGTON sur prise disclosure that the army was rushing a new billion dollar camp construction program led informed legislators to believe Thursday that the war department had decided lo increase the field forces to 2800 000 men or double their present strength One member of congress with close war department connections said that the new camp program meant that the international situ ation is such that it has been deemed wise to prepare for this new emergency that may be ap proaching our shores The first intimation that the program was under way came from the armys construction quarter master Brigadier General Brehon Somervcll during testimony be fore a house military subcommit tee Wednesday He was very la conic however Within the previous 24 hours he told the committee he had re ceived orders lo rush the award of contracts for construction work totaling about Declining to provide details he ex plained that in some respects these things are military secrets On another defense front mean while the maritime commission moved closer to the 2000000ton goal President Roosevelt set for it several weeks ago when he direct ed the creation of a special ship ping pool in the interest of the defense and British aid programs The commission called upon At lantic and Gulf coastwise steam ship operators to turn over half their tonnage to the pool Ap proximately 125 ships with a total tonnage of 750000 are now in the wo coastwise services The acquisition of 375000 tons from this source would put the tonnage earmarked for the pool at about 1875000 Two weeks ago commission was understood to have approximately 1500000 tons lined up counting in almost 500 000 tons of refugee foreign ship ping which the government would take over under terms of the bill now awaiting President Roose velts signature In summoning the operators to Washington to work out methods for diverting the requested ton nage the commission said that the diverted coastwise ships would be used to carry strategic materials on both nearby and long voyage routes Frances North African armies in conferences regarding steadily de teriorating relations between France and her old ally Britain Uiplotnalic circles in Vichy meanwhile declared that Hitler was planning a EuropeAfrica league of nations xvith France acting as a peacemaking link with the Americas V V There was no confirmation ot uch a move elsewhere however ind it appeared to be just another n a scries of peace trial balloons set afloat by presumably axis inspired sources BRITISH AND GERMAN WARBIRDS ARE BUSY Hitlers high command reported German night raiders bombed the English industrial city of Birming ham and the naval dockyards and arsenal at Chatham in especially successful attacks setting spec tacular fires in both cities London bad its 24th consecutive bombrfrec night RAF warplancs struck at the naziheld port of Boulogne France and bombed the harbor at Zec brugge Belgium The London radio broadcast a Stockholm report that German planes flew over Swedish terri tory the island ot Gotland and
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