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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 22, 1941, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME PEPT OF OES MOlWtS fA COMP Customs in S America Described EDITORS NOTE This i another i i nt irlUlcs vrillfii by IV Hall llasun City GlnbcCueUe minaiinf tdllor in lhe course of a lour through Soulh America as one ol tarty o of tbe Canicji Endowment for International Peace Number 63 By W EARL HALL ABOARD THE S S ARGEN TINA BETWEEN SUENOS AIRES AND SANTOS Up to this time South America the part of it Ive visited at least seen the advantage of hurrying Manaua is an enorm ously meaningful word The typical Latin evidences an attitude toward speed not unlike that of the Chinese to whom a boastful North American was talk ing once The Yankee was telling him how quickly he made n trip by automobile from here to there And what inquired the Chin ese did you do with the time you saved Thc Latin holds to the convic tion hat here arent many tilings you can do with time which has more to recommend 11 than enjoying life South Americans generally speaking are not latesleeper The work day begins around 7 or 8 oclock much as in U S But the tempo from that point on is not so stiff Breakfast is rather light for those not en gaged m man ual labor but the noon meal is really a meal It is served at a little after 12 oclock and ex cept in the poorer homes it con several courses this is extremely im tanks schools and close doors from12 uniil either or 3 oclock All business is off while the Latins sleep oft the effects of their noon gorge Laboring people have their eve ning meal at around 7 oclock but in thc wealthier homes and in public eating places supper isnt iserved until or a oclock 1 School takes up in the morniii at or 9 oclock Mostly ihj schools are for either boys or girls in the few in where they are cocduca litional it is arranged to have the lgirls arrive earlier and leave jearlier so that they will not be I Seen on the street with boys This Svould affront the Latin sense of propriety THE THAT MAKES ALL KORTH tOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MAY 22 194T THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF FOUK SECTIONS SECTJON OWE FRENCHTROOPS ARE ON MOVE IN SYRIA LEBANON Long Idle Warships in Beirut Harbor Have Started Exercises EDITORS VOTE 1 Keilly OSulIivan Associated Press foreign correspondent traveled across Syria and Lebanon to see how those Frenchmandated territories have been affected by the spreadinghostilities in the middle east He was refused permission to stop WITHDRAWS FROM CRETE By J OSUUJVAN JERUSALEM Mi French troops are on the move in Syria and Lebanon and longidle French warships in Beirut harbor have started exercises lending point to the declaration by High Com missioner Gen Henri Demz that his army of the east was ready to meet force with force On the other hund little hos tilily toward he British is to be found in these Frenchman dated territories of the middle east and although Ihc army eenerally is counted as loyal to General Dentz some free French sentiment is knouti to exist Some French airmen arc said to have gone over to the free French gency Reuters British news and radio Brazzaville French station in French equa torial Africa reported that a full regiment of French regulars in Syria was believed to have de serted to join ireeFrench troops declared to be advancin into Syria from Palestine The British riews i agency quoted Ir Ico cy as saying the regiment which deserted To Gen Charles de Gaul les forces comprised he rear guard of a large army ordered into Lebanon to forestall possible intervention from Palestine Highways are guarded and blocked but the borders remain open and there is no blackout in he cities despite British bombings of airfields used by the Germans in sending help to Iraq General Denfz has pro tested these bombings as acts of aggression His broadcast warning lo the British in which he said Syria would not endanger its just cause by aggressive actions but stood to meet force with force General Freyburj A preview of war of the future and a possible rehearsal of an at German parachute troops In action German Efforts to Land Troops From Ships Are Smashed FKO1I CAULK REPORTS LONDON German air invaders Thurs day won two footholds in Crete and full air control over that strategic Mediterranean island but British warships smashed nazi convoys tryingto bringim reinforcements by sea Prime Minister Winston Churchill admitted that nazi air troops have established themselves at Candia largest town in Crete and Malemi airdrome ad jacent to the British anchorage at Suda bay and just outside the Cretan capital Canea osse reearsal of an at th British Isles have been riven by the German glider aid on the Greek of Crete a short lilstence witt o lhe probable method isrt by the German parachutists shownjurophif from transport plane upper and indicated on Ihe map upper right He said that British land forces in Crete now have no ansupport because we have no air dromes and the air ministry revealed that Royal Air force tighter squadrons have been ordered off the island leaving the air clear to the nazi planes which have descended in waves since Tuesday at The Cretan battle was developing alone lines foidlthetworl ltaly aml to against British sea dominance 1 toi ins i sources made clear control the air c bntish Mediterranean fleet u 41 ii nuiL LUIHLQIS tn6 was interpreted as an indication of a prior FrenchGerman agree ment permitting nazi use of air ports in Syria and Lebanon Unofficial reports said a Ger man demand for use of the air fields had been rejected a fort 1 night ago but that nazi planes sud denly began to land anyway In view of the situation spe cially nt home what couid we do some Frenchmen asked me e spared the air Syria and Lebanon that these lands woi conflict beyond Ilial nt dromes and many natives openly expressed delight at the discom fiture of thc French in the current situation There is talk of an Infiltration of German tourists but foreign Author Goes to South America AIso in thc schools of prac tically ail South American na jtions toys and girls wear a pre scribed light linen smock for girls and a light linen duster for boys The purpose of course is to put all pupils on the same level as to dress irrc spective of how rich or how poor Ihc homes from which they romc Because schools recess from heard Ihe hope iitil or i oclock in the after Passed during my ion it is necessary to continue Jie afternoon session up to 5 oclotk in order to get in the Tvnventional 5 hours oC classworfc ich day One of our party who has visited America before says he has li infallible rule for determining Be economic status of a family looks at Mamma If she has i appearance of being well fed knows that Father is a good thc whole family how these Spanishspcak do love their groceries talizc of course lhat thc num banquets to which our party been invited cannot be nc as typical of the nations Some of them have as many I five or courses And no1 Ion could avoid epidemic gout f er such a gorging Bui in hotel dining rooms and Ive given some no Te lo the endless dishes of pd trotted in by the waiters enormous steak would be fficient for almost anybody know back home but here no is regarded as complete the meat course is prc by a large helping of fish quite common practice is to all cuts of meat at a cen table m the dining hall so patrons may choose their feience and indicate the size of I desired At the close of the It a waiter comes forth with a 1 containing as mud as a dozen LS laiSCly Pllslr if he 12 barefoot Carucgi i aye slightly out of shape1 In they return to York condition will not be without lanalion ev Report Preparing been orderorl to leave Crete crs to whom I talked said ihev had seen no indication that any uazis were present except aviators Most Englishmen and Ameri cans are holding themselves in readiness to leave if the situation makes it imperative A hundred them including students and staff members of the American university at Beirut crossed into Palestine Wednesday enroutc to Jerusalem and Cairo Signed With X JACKSONVILLE Pla 7Pj Sam Butz sports editor of the Jacksonville TimesUnion told he received three different spellings of a baseball players name from the player himself and then So we finally asked the inan RAF Breaks Up Nazi Football Game TONnnV 15t ir LONDON bombers which attacked the naval base docks and center ot the town ai Helgoland left that German island stronghold in the Worth sea shrouded in a swirl of dust and smoke lit here and there by flames the air ministry news service said Thursday A football game was in prog ress when the bombers swooped over the bate Wednesday the re port added but the game quickly broke up and antiaircraft batter ies went into furious action while the bombers swept over at a height of only 40 or 50 feet Bombs from one plane made a direct hit on an antiaircraft bat tery of four guns it was said Nazis Attack Crete to Open ByPass for Near East Drive i Thc German oflensi By DcWITT MACKENZIE Foreign News Analyst IReveal Hess Was Pursued by RAF Plane LONDON Hess the runaway deputy fuehrer of nazi Germany bailed out of his Mes serschmitt May 10 after hot pur suit by an RAF Defiant WlEine Air AI FRENCH PRESS CITES DEFENSE Declare Fortress With Gold to Be Blown Up as Last Resort VICHY Unoccupied France talement mm given publicity in Ger lc most official stale manoccupied Paris said Thursday Hess case mat rlptpnsn fnirftr II1US cnmnmfrl plane Air bald Sinclair told the commons Thursday iiry Sir Archi house of Thursday that defense forces in the French Caribbean Island of Martinique had received orders to prepare for an American attack Unimportant 63 Miles of Railroad Siding at Burlington Shell Plant Finished OMAHA 63 miles railroad siding already laid at thc loiva ordnance plant at Burling ton construction of the 75mi7c j rail network that will connect the I various areas of operation and 1 storage yards is Hearing comple tion the zone quartermasters of fice reported Thursday P thus contained a possible ex planation of the bullet holes which the British found in thc fail of iicss wrecked Mcsscr schmitt jxii uciensc 01 Alartiniciuc would Thc British Dcfiaiil hoi be centered around thc fortress i the trail of me MtvMnchmiu j following it in the darkness UC VI nt t when I less liiiliH i Not Manning said The newspaper Le Matin pubi m Parj fiM Wcclnesdnv i left British and Greek Sramul forces dependent int aruaft gus Mieltcr they can obtain for pro tec ion against nazUdive bombers and level bombers who havc been the German parachutist However Britain has brought her heavy bomber squadrons based iacl Othel 1MhUs plaster the airdromes in a to Greece from which troop planes operate the German fight fo and grim Tohn Erskinc noted American author sails on the Brazil from New York for a visit ji South America He will remain there Weather Report I read the signs one the pri mary objectives of this ad yentuic is to forge m the military chain which Ihe axis is throw ing about that uneasy c o u n try The purpose of such a scheme would be to cut the Turks off from i allied aid and i thus compel them to allow j thc use of their territory for the passage MACKENZIE allow their country to be UMII as a highway Hitler might have forced a passage with arms but tlie Turks are strong enough so that he didnt want to fight them at this junction So he inaugurated his bypass project and bided his time for a better break according to diplomats at icny German equipment is crossing Turkey by rail to Irani as a result of a Hitler threat to I close Turkeys rail linlc Persian gulf Uirou with war close at hand J eastern Mediterranean Martinique Action WASHINGTON Hull gave in implied assurance Thursday thai thc French island orMavtmiciue had no reason to fear any imminent United States action against it Tlic secretary oC stale described as German or proGer man inspired reports published in whether tlic Defiant fiicd Messerschmitt The Duke of Hamilton premier j Scottish peer and RAK squadron leader for whom Hess is said have asked when he was picked up injured from Churchill called thc Crete Va most strange sllu battle in which the British have no air support and thc oilier side has little or no artillery or tanks and neither side has any means ol retreat V As the attack has developed from Ihe first days operations which lo tclUativp feelers for soft spots the Ger mans have thrown in planes ami men without regard for osses But the fact remained Church 11 I emphasized bat as soon as Hey Incd In folloii no feelers liv small spcedboals and con carrying elilc German panzer troops the British suc rcedccl in beating them off parachute j Germanoccupied France that secretary said Martinique officials had received to prepare for an Amen can attack i holding gold reserves of the Bank i f mil 1M1 lUJllUlC jump never met tiie deputy fuehr er before Ihc night c confronted Hess as a prisoner of war thc air with the iof France and lhat its defenders would blow up the stronghold as Intci a Iasi FORFPAST jor me passage i eastern Mediterranean ha rail MartinVquc rirv of German troops and equipment j way ad i direct from the Balkans to their for Turkish imports much cooler Thursday night j base of operations in the near east There has been io vod id rather cool against thc British transTurkey He declared that Hamiltgn 38 y carold snorlinp inUc did not even rccocnizc the prisoner when he faced him after ol tninmg leave from his RAF sta tion Friday fair and IOWA Clearing and much cooler Thursday night preceded by thundershowers southeast and eastcentral postions Thursday afternoon or early Thursday night scattered light frost low places northwest fair Friday cooler extreme southeast and extreme eastcentra I MINNESOTA FailThursday night and Friday cooler Thursday night light frost west and low places cast portion MASON for an indefinite lime in Maximum Wednesday 79 minimum Wedncsdray niht 61 At 8 a m Thursday 57 Ham VfAH AGO Maximo in 57 Minimum 45 Reports from Vichy indicate that this may have been achieved in part already As a matter of tact Turkey is the most feasible route for hc movement of a German army into this theater It is true that posses sion of Crete would vastly facili tate the transportation of troops by air and would provide a pow erful base for bombing operations But when you talk of moving a large expedition the bypass idea presents obstacles which would I command There is small doubt that the nans would have a preal mcch anizcd force in Ihc near cast xl j ready had il not been for the i stubborn refusal of the Turks 1 to abandon their neutrality and troops movement of of a While possession of Crete would give the Germans an invaluable base for bombing operations in all directions including Egypt and the Suez canal it wouldnt open up a sea route for movement of r01 SiTia Between Cietc and the Syrian coast lies thc great island of Cyprus which is one of Britains most powerful naval and air bases Cypress would nave lo be knocked out and even then thc British naval base s nava ase at Alexandria would still control the sea Hitler presumably will pur sue the course of least resis tance but one would expect liim m tin immediate future to rush troops and equipment by air lo and lo French mandated avria if thc French will permit il so lo close his chain furlhcr ahout Turkey for the moment it least the German airborne troops are faced with carrying on thc campaign with whatever light weapons they were able to carry Unless the Germans under coyer of darkness can evade naval patrols ami pll supporting forces asliorc the airtransported tioops will have to rely solely on domination of thc air a fen never before attempted and whici military experts believe would rc quiie a terrific effort Chuidiill indicated lhat tiie last not have been heard from Admiral Sir Andrew Cunnini huns interception of German troops and supply ships which ap ni Kfc reporls followinc ssswsrlS Kissraausaja main in the Antilles J 1C Any movement of these ships amply are maneuvers the com defense works are principal route strengthened the nevvsua per said 1 Advices were said to hiivo This Matcimm further height ened the mystery of I less cumin One of the German versions of tire as that Hess hoped to make r Caribbean C Theic bu hi o lilt VIMI1 nxandmg admiral was reported to have said and no arrangements have been made for them to leave Botli warships recently have engaged in maneuvers ostensibly to keep up Ihe morale of lie Enforced Removal of Civilians Started by Britain at Gibraltar 1 T TIATlt JLNLA Spain i The Paris press said British i warships were maintaining a Dol off Martinique Gibraltar i i ill of British civilinn GKTS POETKV AWARD subjects t Erit noon plans to combine sea and air assaults for i complete reorganization of a seaborne invasion force rcquiic more time than tiie nazU could tpnrc At Hie present moment tlic German attack hy air is admit icilly of sufficient slrcnst to hold for a time at least Since thc first clay tlle lempo of at tack has Iiccn stepped up con stantly as waves of divebomb ers smashed at airdromes and eliminated liritish fighter dc Miliiary expcrls described the PcratHiii as a rat fisht because lvn SCckma new soft spots The Oicically strong groups arc sup   

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