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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 2, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME h A R L C L U H 1ST iR r OEPT O 10VA COUP DCS H o l N S I A VOL XLVII PRESS AND UNjMp LEASED THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS JIASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MAY 2 I94l TIUS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION OWE sECfioM NQ 174 BRITISH IRAQ FORCES CLASH Third City in Americas EDITORS i aiioUcr of a series of artlclri written bj IV Ear Hall Mason city ilobfUazrlte managing editor In the course of a lour Illrouth South Ainrricj a one of a Party at tueslj of the LaMlreic Lndoumtnt for International Peace city The But NUMBER 46 By EARL HALL BUENOS once liked to be known as Paris South America not any more Now Buenos Aires prefers to be known by and bash in the fame of its own name In my first t w e n tyfour hours here Ive d c t c cted some of the c h aracScristics of P a r sidewalk cafes for example But j n Its streets its shops its traf lie and its cos mgpolitan rac ial aspects Ive more of lew brie years ago B A it5 known ranked fourth the cities of the western f hemisphere New York Chicago and Philadelphia exceeded her Today however B A has moved into third place with a population of Chi cago had better look to her laurels Heres a city which is really boom ing In few nations of lhc world docs one city domiiulc national life as Bacnos Aires docs in Argentina In a very real sense B A is Argentina An immense obelisk standing at the head of the street on which this hotel is situated just three blocks away celebrates B A 3 establishment as a Spanish set tlement on July 9 1535 To the east and north is the giant river sil ver Across the enormous estuary is Montevideo in Uruguay where not many months ago the drama tic sinking of the German Spec made history To thc west inland lie the vast plains on which Argentinas agricultural wealth i beef bottoms B A is situated abiml is far south o lhc equator as Ios An1 geles is to the north and the weather is siraiigcly similar cv ccpt that this region enjoys an average rainfall of around 50 inches evenly distributed and does not have to rely on irriga tion Summer heat sometimes rises to 100 but freezing weather is al most unheard of Thc city has been laid out on a plan Within recent years build ings have been torn down by the thousands to make way for streets and plazas called for by the city plan for diagonal streets Thc central square of thc city is known as the Plazo dc Mayo From it extends a 120 foot wide boule vard and bordering it arc some of Die governments most important buildings But more about these later Probably no city in llic world has a more modern orcomplcle transportation than the one here This afternoon I had my first ride on a subway I went fnr a ride but I found it an ex perience in art Each station is of tile in a distinctive hue green pink yellow blue etc and lining thc wall of each un der a system of indirect light ing arc enormous and beauti ful murals drawn from D As rich historic past ORDER DEFENSE TOOLS IN ALL OUT SPEEDUP F R Demands Machines Be Put on 24 Hour Day 1 Day Week Basis WASHINGTON i Roosevelt asserting that America is confronted by a critical situ ation ordered the office of pro duction management Friday to put operations of defense ma chines and machine tools on a 24 hour day 7tiay week In a letter to William S Knud sen and Sidney HilJman directors of OPM Mr Roosevelt requested a triple program 1 Pool every useful or poten tially useful machine tool and machine in thc country for use in the defense program j 1 Utilize these machines and tools where they are or transport them to a point where they can be useful Recanvass the entire nation i including the armed force for i skilled workers to operate the machines on an allout basis Near Eost Among Nazi Objectives f English English Say Nazi Agents Direct and Pay for Attacks the islands of the next objective i Samothrace ami Lemnos A was rceardedin vim wltu lowan Thinks Germans Lack Products From Which to Make Gas DENVER Colo has not resorted to poisongas be cause she lacks the products grain and the which gas is manufactured an Iowa scientist said hero Thursday Dr O R Sweeney head o the Iowa State college chemical cu Jinccrjng department declared in an interview put this mustard gas to work and the blitzkrie of explosives aimed at civilian popu lations will come to a speedy end When asked why SIOUX CITY BANKER DIES Hanford 78 Leader in Aviation Prpmotion in HI S I O U X C I T Y Scott Hnnford 78 president of the First National bank here died early Friday morning He iad been confined to his home abou a and had been at the bank as late as 10 days ago However his health had been poor fur the last six He is survived by otic daughter Mrs John Jj and four granddaughters WoundedCorrespondentTells of Retreat Against Big Odds Went Through Balkan War Bombed Greek Port Then to Egypt itic son Arthur Hanford died have not used gas Dr Siveeney I years ago victim of an 1 dont imagine that it is airplane crash j replied because of any lercd into with menis agreements cn otlier govern lowan 20 Is Fined for Counterfeiting DES MOINES be ing indicted by the federal grand jury on charges of counterfeiting fivecent coins Lawrence A Goodey 20 of Iowa City was fined S50 and costs by Charles A Dewey Thursday A S Hanford was Sioux Citys leading aviation promoter For years he was president of the Hanford airlines and operated lijckenbacker field here At Hie time of liis death he was a di rector of Midcontinent Airlines Mr Hanford came to Sioux i City from South Dakota over 501 years ago and went into the but ier and egg business The Han ford Produce business became the largest business of ils kind in the world Some years ago it sold out to the Bordcn interests St John Associated Press corres pondent in Belgrade when the Germans invaded Jugoslavia April G reached Effypt after a gruelling 25 day flight throush the Balkan war zone to a bomb shattered Greek port and thence aboard a ship laden with Ilritish troops to Cairo He was slightly wounded in the leg by machine sun fire When the nazi panzer col umns closed in on Belgrade St John went lo Uie Adriatic port of Kolnr and with three other correspondents 1 haz ardous 400 mile voyage in smalt boat Dowered with an outboard motor to Greece He apparently was wounded while crossiiiR Greece nlnng routes constantly bombed anil machinegunnccl by nazi planes By ROBERT ST JOHX CAIRO Egypt Brit ish navy accomplished the im possible in rescuing something under 50000 imperial troops from Greece icst shops From 10 oclock in thc morning until 9 oclock at iiicht vehicular traffic is barred from thc street and pedestrians have full sKay At night traditionally ttic city s senorUas walk in parade on Florida avenue of an Business buildings are mostly of from 4 to 6 stories but several would classify as skyscrapers One has 33 floors Window dis plays reach a high state ol de velopment Several stores for ex amp c have entire windows that revolve on an endless chain i mechanism iVew York offers ioP y al But not so in I Bllcnos Aires Its own citizenry One inprdiigrfarc Florida avcj is drawn from all cnds hc ue cftv lntlv Newspapers arc high order here One of Ihcm Prensa compares most fa vorably with the best in United Mates ana among journalists it has the reputation of carrying the most complete report of foreign news of any newspaper in the Y0ldn A of lhc PaPers inci dentally have carried pictures of our Carnegie group along with some most complimentary news stories about our mission In other cities on our itinerary foreigner would be noticed and Military a n d naval experts said it couldnt be clone Veteran officers who had lived through the Dunkcrquc retreat saiil tlic fltshl froii Greece wis infin ilcly morn the royal navy could lie proud of Retting a siiiRle shipload of men safely away through the rain of sudden death thc nazis were pouring on thc ships But the impossible was done I know for I walked the deck with soldiers who got awav and saw columns of sturdy craft packed to the rails with imperial troops steaming safely away to new battlegrounds I had reached a teeming port town m thc Peloponnesus after i eerng irom the ruins of Mivias capital and down I bombwrecked Greece Here in Cairo 1 am witnessing i the final chapter in what may O down m the records a one of he greatest feats uf thc British navy bfnps were lost Men were lost bul the total dead arc mfinilcsi inal m comparison with the prn fliclioiis of experts who sizedup Hie tremendous nano obsiaclcs first s a VKlurc of he capi tol building at Bucnns Aires OH as he third largest cHy In the western hemisphere lhc Germans had numerous I air bases close thc Greek mainland in defeated Jugoslavia the heel of Italy on thc Italian island of Rhodes in the Dodec jaiicsc islands and in Bulgaria Then there was the threat of the Kalian fleet One Greek armv had capitulated German motorized columns were sweeping down from thc north held back only by fiercely resisting rearguard units winch were vastly outnumbered From what I saw as I came flow throush Greece and joined Ihe waiting troops on jetties and watched the aston ishing mechanics of the em barkation I know the navy didnt o isk Ihr against just went ahead and cleaned up the job I talked witH many soldiers crossing and their morale was amazingly high They re on their way to fight dnce more Australians Canadians New Zealanders and Englishmen all said they were eager to at it again L Thcrc was great hilarity aboard my ship one night whcna Berlin radio broadcast announcer bond edI that not a single British soldier who had fought in Greece would get away to fight again I guess the old navv ha an swerecl that one said one touslc headed Aussie as lie swept his hand toward thc sea lane dotted with ships packed with fens of thousands of imperial troops U STSUPPUES REACH EGYPT Shipments Replace Much Equipment Lost by BEF in Greece By EDWARD KENNEDY BRITISH EXPEDI JUST AR i GREECE Cairo JSuw war materal pouring iU JXCC of I UKlos of equipment in Greece BritHi sources said Friday Tile British comniandcrinchiet General Sir Archibald P is losng no ijmo i reorganization ot his armies for any German move in this end of thc Mediter ranean It was pointed out that much the army which conquered Italian hast Africa now is free for riev action alongside lhc divisions re turned from Greece The newlyarriving American may have reached tvnt by way of the Red Sea which President Hooicvcll has opened lo American shipping by declaring it ou of the war zone Thousands of thc British Au trahan and New Zealand troops withdrawn from Greece alreadv arc m thc line for defenseof the middle cast against thc swelling German contingents in Africa With the azis now more exten sively lodged along the Mediter ranean shores and in islands off the Trkish coast General Wnvel must keep a sharp eye lo the north LOAN RATE OF 788 CENTS ON CORN IS URGED Agriculture Department Gives Recommendations to Congress Leaders WASHINGTON culture department laid before farm leaders in and out of con gress Friday a broad legislative proposal which would assure farmers cooperating with this years federal crop programs SI04 a bushel for wheat 788 cents for corn and H87 cents a pound lor cotlon These returns compare with FIIOM CABLE KIUOIITS A new theater of war opened Friday in the oil kingdom of Ue of the Gardeil of Ed Uie d H opened fire on the British airdrome 1 HabUumah 00 miles wesUif Bagdad Le British Broad eahtmjj corporation said n Hrilish women and children were reported fleeing from the kingdom and the Berlin radio hinted brondlv that a IWtiSh thL UU CilsL In both cases I the figures arcaverages and gov ernment benefit payments at present rates re included V Such an increase in crop rc turns woulil be brought aboul by boosting the rates of gov ernment commodity loans New loans would be made at 75 per cent of parity for basic crops cotlon corn tobacco and growers voted i referenda to give thc department authority to impose strict market ing quotas At present loan rates are about 56 per cent of parity lor cotton and wheat and 74 per cent Parity to de scribe crop prices which would give farm commodities purchasing power in terms of nonfaun goods and services equal to that which they possessed in some past pe riod usually the years1D10II Under the departments pro posal the commodity loan rales wmild be increased from fifi cents to 85 cents fnr wheat Ul til ilG cents for corn and 9 to U cents fir cotton T lcyLslatiun demanded bv the influential American Farm Bureau federation and Senator Bankhead O Ala would require loan rates of at least 85 per cent of parity or 10 per cent more than proposed by the department and embodied in legislation already passed by thc house To carry out the higher loan program the department asked that its lending com credit corporation be modity granted authority to borrow additional 51000000000 from thc reconstruction finance corporation The lending agency already has more than 81250000000 out standing in croji loans and prod ucts acquired under loan fore closure BBC LAUNCHES DRIVE IN IRAQ Propaganda Offensive Is Designed to Gain Ouslev of Rashid Ali NEW YORK Briiii Broadcasting corporation launched a short wave propaganda offensive Friday designed premier German v oices UL riaijoanivah were and assetLed it was known that Iraqs pronay scixccl power in early April had lor dp to combat the British The fraii attack which tlin British described as directed and paid toiby uaxi agents began at dawn and resulted in immediate counter action by the British troops recently moved into that country ac cording to reliable sources in London Radio Berlin was heard in New York broadcasting that Iraq paS a strong guard BULLETINS LONDON Radio Berlin reporlcd Friday night from Bagdad tliat Iraqi troops have road junctions and oil fields in Iraq ISTANBUL Turkey Syrian radio Friday reported that Iraq native forces are advancing and that re serves are being called up LONDOV m BrHisli antl Iran trnons clashed around llabbaniyali airport Friday and fighting continued tliroughout the day nini it is believed to be still in urogress nn official announrcnienl said Friday njijjil The Slcfani agen cy reported from the Iraq capital that Iraq troops began lie occu pation of strategic points throush out the country on Wednesday British troops landed at Basra have been encircled by Iraq units According to he Stcfani report number of the recently landed liritish iidops have jjonc over to IMC Iraq army They are taid lo be Indian resimeiits Carol Lupescu Sail Probably for Cuba BERN Switzerland mer King Carol of Rumania sailed Friday from Lisbon aboard the American ship Exeambion ac cording to reports reaching here Sailing with him were Mine jda Utpescu and ijrda rcami his former court chambei1 lain tliese advices said j sources said the trio probably was Miroutu l Cuba i Weather Report o v J 1i1 r 11 11 FORECAST bases and that reserves were MASON CITY Partly cloudy Krij fjcinfer failed up AMBLVK porlof riad been the vital Mosul oil fields and all other strategic positions in the country Thc fraq operations were an integral part of the battle of the Mediterranean which went on furiously in North Africa as the besieged British garrison at To bruk stood off new Gennan Itahan assaults counterattacked m one sector and drove thc encmv back with loss of U tanks and many casualties Adolf Hitler was believed liy thc British lu lc planning to strike through thc near east as well as through Libya in an ef fort to reach HID Suez canal and warfare in Jraii vrmild fit info his plan of strategy British re inforcements had been sent into the near east recently in readi ness to oppose any nazi imra chute attack such as led the way for the conquest of Norway The London ministry of eco nomic warfare meanwhile an nounced that henceforth nil ves sels from neutral ports would be required to set naviccrls for goods enrniitc to Persia Iran or Iraq an indication that the near cist WH If jntl KL Ktry uf blockaded European cuiiiitiics in nrdcr In prevent them Iriwii aiding Germany The Syrian radio ivnortecl day night and Satiirdav ers Saturday continued Simultaneously tlrj Berlin mild Iadio broadcast a report that Irac I had mobilized all classes of snr IOWA Partly extreme west west and central Saturday conf tinned mild temperature BtJC said that this messauc had been conveyed to fraq in an of licial British statement which included the follow tinued mild temperature KXTliNDKD OKECAST CHICAGO as welt as on direct action a Ions thc Salum and Tobruk fronts near thc EgyptianLibyan fronts He is facing perhaps his greatest test wtih the confidence of his staff and troops unbounded TAILORS STRIKE in LllUlCr flic Iraqi people disown Rashid f for thc period from Ah Al Gailani who for thc sake i Ml t p m May 7 of his own gain has souahl a I inclusive central standard tinic quarrel with Great Britain antl beI VWer Mississippi Iraycd thc interests ol tinconn Illinois Indiana liui uv Minnesota except ttme tgvpt and Turkey refuse tobat drain into tiic lakes recognize his administration mid i T1C temperature will average the king of Saudi Arabia advised above normal but will fall sliehl liim to honor his countrys pledged word Ali has crthrown the Iraq constitution driven thc law ful regent from the country and was ready to extend thc war to Iraci at Hie bidding of the ly in recurrent showers andtiiim derstorms occurring principallv Sunday and Monday except nay ami Tuesday in Indiana and Illinois Amounts of rainfall will average moderate but will he lo1 cally heavy DES MOIRES tailors employed in Moines clothing stores IN MASON CITY Twenty four DCS to i You desire tolive in peace Overthrow these mercenary in triguers and let 1uv md order i GlobeGazette weather t rcign once more j Maximum Thursday Minimum Thursday night tlAV TYPE COXFERENXE i Al 8 m Friday COUNCIL nrinrtit Rain 73 rj YKAR AGO Id Maximum Minimum licrlin asserted tliil Iraqs Uosul oil liehts were now under lhc con trol of special truojs f nlc Iraii armed forccs Jlriiain IKLS invested more Uian oilliyn Killars m developing the country and Us fabulous nil field wild it was Kaiser Urwim BagdadBerlin rail road In tap tinwells that helped precipitate the World war The new Urilji briskly Kmncd by nazi propaganda arose from thc landitiK of British troous m irati to protect thc cast flank of Hie canal Conceivably the near easts millions ol moslcms and Arabs might into action at thc call ol n jihad or holy The German radio broadcast a report from Turkey asserting thai Irans premier had called on the nations Fiercefighting moslrms lo shoulder a rifle the hour of struggle seems lo be near The premier was further quoted a declaring The Iraq nation will not sub mit to humiliations inflicted by
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