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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 26, 1941, Mason City, Iowa c t t t f 11 V c u tl al 1ST X OF JOVA COWP DIMES 14 CITY THE BRIGHT THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVI1 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TIVO SECTIONS NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME 7 Out of 10 Chileans Are for British aiioller hi turroirs f a series ot articles farl Hall Sliioii city maiiasinf rdilor in flour Iriroii Soiilh America L1 endowment for Internaltonal NUMBER 11 By W EAKL HALL SANTIAGO ChileHow Chile ans feel about the war is a ques tion almost as difficult to answer as how Americans feel about Cin cinnati winning another worlds championship in baseball Your answer depends quite largely on where you put the ques tion In the Unit ed States the government has taken a strong stand in the matter and theres good ba sis for assuming that an over whelming senti ment favorable to providing all W EARL HALL out aid to Bril But in this and in most other south American countries the RGV ernmems have studiously avoided 1 snowing their hands in more than general terms timcnt is the men at the helms i are taking the realistic if not Sot admirablcattitude that the winner or Germany M M 169 NAZIS 30 MILES FROM ATHENS POSTVlLLKrvighl Agent A Bertelson of the Chicago Milwau kee and St Paul railroad sta tion here was waiting for the ree ular freight at oclock Satur dav morning when he had the re of Ins life as a car Jell the on th toward him on the platform The car was one of 40 Morreli Car Climbs Platform Packing company meat cars en route from Sioux Falls S Dak to Chicago and points east Two miles west of Postville it had jumped the track and dragged along the train was 100 yards west of the Postville lion sta other freight cars with it The wildly careening car took to the platform instead of the tracks and Bertelson barely escaped with his life as he jumped out of its way Saturday clearing the rack It was the second hairbreadth escape for Bertelson Three years ago a heavy steel door on a re frigerator car fell just missing the Postvillo man C E Kerlin of Mason City if rail men I n Agree to Take Overl60Thips DELEGATES PARLEY FAVOR UNITY POLICY American Republic Representatives Urge Step for Security WASHINGTON w ReDrc semalives of the 21 America re publics recommended Saturdav that thennations take over the more tnan 160 forcisn vessels idle m tneir ports and use them o CM V X X lhc cuiity oi the continent The Morning After It s a roush guess but I should say that since 1 started on this vr P haie talked to as many as v 300 South Americans about the war Well over half and per haps as many as 75 per cent have not only declared their personal preference for British victory but predicted H The remainder have forecast in one way or another that Germany cc would win The odds theyve said ilu were too heavily weighted in favor vr of Hitler although some have con 1 ceded lhat effective aid from United Slates might change the picture p Up to this time I havent talked B to one South American who would b express a preference for Hitler victory But this is not lo be given too much importance for the rca v son that as a North American my Wi partisanship for Britain could bc assumed South Americans are sej above all else polite people An American friend al mine is just back from the Chilean lake couiury where German coloniza J tion has reached its highest state s of development He attended a showing of the nazi film depicting Germanys invasion of France last summer The crowd literally went mad every time Hitler came on the scene Another friend saw the same terror film like the one shown Denmark and Norway on the eve of their invasion It uas screened here in Sanliago or nearby and my friend rcporls that there was a deathly silrncc U nether this silence was reflec tive of fear or of disfavor would lie a matter of iiidiviriual inter pretation Chileans are resentful of infer ences that fifth column exists here Even those who will admit privately that there is such a thin have ways of letting you know that they prefer not to talk about From a purely sentimental standpoint I would RUCSS that 7 out of 10 Chilean laymen me for British victory The army is Ger mantrained and is reported lo be almost solidly on the nazi side al though one business man told me he had seen evidence of a rapidly changing sentiment toward Britain The the same ize as he Biitisl ramed and for tlic same explain able reason is The recommendation wus bv me mlerAmerican financial i and economic advisory commit 1 tee and the action an nomiced by Sumner Welles un of the United Mates department of stale ana chairman of the group Foreign Minister Guina ofUru guay originated the proposal The recommendation w i i c h will now be transmitted lo ihe various American governments covers three points l commiUcc recommends that the governments declare that foreign flag vessels immobilized m their ports by the war mav bv lho American icpubhcs in accordance will the rules of international law and heir national legislations to pro mote ihc defense of their econo mics the peace and security of the comment utilfecd owners or by virtue of the rhht of each government to lake con tiol of such vessels as they may deem it convenient lo salisfy tpDir own requirements That just anil adequate compensation bc made in ac cordance with ihe commonlv accepted rules of international lawand ihe national legislatures of each republic t 3 That the American nations leaf firm thenfull right to navi gation of those vessels both in thennational and international trade under their flags The interAmerican ship discus ons followed closely two other j jinportant moves designed ID re j hevc severe tonnage shortages and j insure the safety of American ships on the high seas 1 President Roosevelt vealecl thai ihc nmys nculran Palrol has been extended to any Place in the seven seas consid creii necessary to protect the western hemisphere 2 The house prepared to act on legislation authorizing he president to take over forciini vessels in United Slates ports anti put them to any use Ttic bill was approved by the house merchant marine committee Irulav The 54001100 gross tons ol Hiitih shipping since the bc giimmg of the war and rfLslocalion ol other shipping as a result of tlic conflict have created a critical shortage in s SAFE CHANNEL WILL BE GOAL Navys Extended Patrol Duties in Atlantic Provided For in Plan WASHINGTON na vy s extended patrol of an Allan tic zone was expected VIurday to concentrate on main taining a saic ciianncr news much of tlic Atlantic for ships carrying supplies n Britain As informed officials under stood the plan American mili tary planes and warships will crisscross this channel which will be a few hundred miles wide tagging m a r auding sub marines or sus BRITISH STAKE HOPES ON U S Write Off Defeat in Balkans Mediterranean War Extension Forecast MEDIATORS ASK GJ AND UNION CONTINUE WORK Want Production to Go On Despite Stride Threat in Industry WASHINGTON h c de fense mediation board called on the General Motors corpoialiou and the uni led automobile work eis CIO Saturday lo continue pioduction pending efforts of the bord to settle Ihe threatened stuke al the companys far flung plants A hearing was set for Friday May The board also asked that any agreement which mighl uc leached be made retroactive to Monday April 28 The General Motors case thared in importance with efforts to end the sod coal mining stoppagewhich has kept 400000 miners idle since April 1 Of the boavd sent identical telegrams to Alfred P Sloan Jr chairman of the board ot General Motors Charles E Wilson president of the company H J Thomas interna tional president ot the UAW and Uliter I Reuther director of the General Motors department of the UAW all in Detroit KOOSKVELT AIlAXDOXS I WARM SIKINGS TKir i President Roosevelt abandoned i plans Saturday lo go lo Warm Springs Ga for a brief vacation because the soft coal controversy remains unsettled Stephen Early press secretary who to d reporters of the decision was asked whether some definite government action might bc taken to reopen the mines if the dispute now before the defense mediation board is not settled over the weekend Ho replied I havent heard of lhat beinn discussed yd I think there is every hope that they will still ct ire Coy above iif Del phi Intl is giviiur up his job as assistant administrator 11 lhc leder security accncy In coinc Ihe presidents liaison with lhc office uf enicrcciirv nianaecmeiit the while house overall defense ascnev v shown in his old office in JiiAlon Iiecomes the I2th assist ant named by the nrcsiclcnl ings Siiluniay in an effort to am a swift settlfinent uf the dispute between the CIO United IUjlc workers and coal operators in uotli the MHitheni and northern Appalachian districts All participants in uc first sessions Triday were silent on nrouress made iiul in formed sources said that the union had givci nmscaijo of rcccilins h ils demanils fir a wage throughout the mthislry The uniform wage proposal was the crux of Hie controversy Northern operators reportedly greed to raise the rate from SU to S if the southern group would pay the same amount latter now paying together The defense mediation board trove Saturday to avert a threat ened strike ngainst General Mo tors corporation and at the same time redoubled its efforts to end the soft coal tieup j The hoard appointed lasti month by President Roosevelt immediate attention to sc and picious advising how to dodge them s u r cargo LONDON wrote off her defeat in the Balkans as side issue to the battles of the Atlantic and the Mediterranean Saturday and slaked her hopes on j United Stales aid to bridge ihc clangor period until she is enough to inni the table j Ex tension of the Mediterranean i warfare on a huge scale rcachin i 1 from Gibraltar to ihe Indiin GcluMi1 Motors case ocean was forecast by some ob 1 foi servers as a result of the German I i march through Greece But one reliable source averted the main theater of war remains the British isles and their mari time approaches and indicated Bruam ls rallying her full strength for the immediate of holding the eastern and western ends of her Mcditcrrancai the llle northern union t it held had dismissed reproscntalives and negotiators Fridav the southern Think Nazis Outflanking Turks in West By UNITED IllESS German troops are deploying over the Greek Islands in the igian sea conccntratiiij around the Dardanelles and outflanking lurkey trom the west reports from ihc Balkans said Salurdav IiHlicati mat the Dardanelles ml die Turkish coast might be tire next theater or the Mediter ranean war Ihe Athens radio was heard in Budapest broadcastin hat Germans had pushed on Iron he islands of Samothraec and Lcmijos to Lesbos 45 miles south of the Dardanelles and only ill miles off th Turkish coast Ihe broadcaster said the Ger mans also had occupied tlie island of Miles miles north of Crete about half way between Crete and and hat they were moving on southeast Hearing the Dodecanese the chain of Italian islands flanking tho southwest 1 urkish coast Reliable Balkan wurces reported several days afio that Germans had occupied Samoihrace and Lcmnos Lesbos is 30 miles southeast oil Leninos if tho Germans occupied1 tnrec islands they controlled all approaches to the Dardanelles one of the worlds must important wiitciwiys The islands form a triangle off the mouth of the Dar danelles straits Lesbos is f miles ioiith of ihe straits Lcmnos miles wcsl and Samothraec 35 miles northwest These islands also are successive links m a chain of islands includ ing the Italian Dodecanese that ex tend all along the west Turkish coast It has been assumed hat if Germany ever attacked Turkey she would launch expeditions from these islands as well as make a frontal attackon European Tur key from the borders of Bulgaria and Greece It was believed that the Ger mans were using boats and air manes for their advance into the Mediterranean that the planes served bolli as transports and as escorts for boats The boats pre sumably were moved down ihe Danube across the Black sea and out HID Dardanelles into the eiiti making use of Salonika and other captured Greek ports The German Mediterranean also was believed to have been jiusmenlocl by captured Gioer boats GREEK BATTLE APPEARS NEAR FINAL CHAPTER British See Signs of New Strength Test in Mediterranean Area UY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS battle UK If1 f GCCCe aPPwcd o Gl i is fiiiiil c hunter i s Gcnnm mechanized ops stormed throuKl Thebes cniree Her unes and Bacchus and pressed on toward Athens tO miles awav At the same lime another Ger man column advancing down hc V i reported in Aili iinVC rcldlcci afesolongion The C ie Hie Gieck press said the light wis very near its end V if Berlin said the foiees were advancing swiftly against ipiilly Wiiiumr resistance as the ISntish flcil toward embark ation parls in southern Greece and Ihe lullwaffc hammered al MiippniK in Greek waters V y Renaldim the Creek campaign vntiia ly fmishod Germans cmpiiiLsucd would not mean the end of the war in tlo eastern Mediterranean and Lon don saW there that both sides wore preparing f test r slrcneth in the uhole area between Gibraltar and the Indian ncean Meanwhile informed sources in ichy said Pietri French ambassador to Spain ws beln reciillefl t coCer will Chief nt State Petam about he possibility of rGerman drive throuah Spain against Gibraltar In Africa llc Iamicd axis forces repulsed a British cncirclcrnoiii tfinist at jllsi inside Ulc Imrder of Libya while the inn IiiKh loinnianil saiil fascist liXns had riiit tn rijKht isl forces east at Gambol j The General Motors dispute revolves aroumi uni demands for a closed shop a 10ecntsan WUKC increase revised powers for labor umpire and system5 1C slcward The CIOUAW called a meetin T tS executive in P0tloit Sunclav to acl on tlie threatened strike When IJ J Tnomas international president of the uninon was asked if certifi cation ot the to dton board had averted lho line he said How could if there was no immediate com In evaluating South American sentiment it is not lo be for foltcn that he British have been identified down Uuongli Ihc years with imperialism in South American thinking That has been the issue nn which countless politicians have ridden into office and bloody rcvolu tious have sprung from the crv of imperialism As a result South Americans fa voring British victory arc more inclined to talk in terms of ad vancing the democratic ideal than in terms of British aid United States too has been a tar get for thissame brand of criti cism Weve been accused of com ing m with our capital and oul great riches u the impovcr Ih n criuciii in serving i he Smith and Central American counI t trie The pa i Under tc proposed plan ori ginally formulated by Forein Minister Guam of Uruguay the 21 American republics wouid uphold the right of each American nation 10 lake over vessels of belligerent countries lying idle in s ami operate them in service vital to the nations economy particu larly m the maintenance of inter American trade After a poor of ships sutti cient to meet the American na tions shipping requirements has been set aside for largely in the western hemisphere was said the plan wouid surplus tonnage to bc sold i d iiudj iiip mc keeping her transAtlantic Emphasizing Ihe y 1outCC defending statement that this is not a way PO1ls filttories aainit in of convoying Britainbinind hins cargo ships urocccd ourte area separate each1 prtjvcd lhal its best abiliiies vcl Lahor Secretary Perkins cer tified the dispute to the hoard Friday night shortly after the CIO United Automobile ivork rrs announced in Detroit that local unions In 60 of Hie cor porations 61 plants over the nation hart voted lo authorize a walkout There are about JBO 000 workers on llic General Motors payroll ment iron tiic company authorities iiinc noti fied the union that under a state la w a today coolingoff period imisi elapse before a walkout federal mediator has been active in the case since union and com pany negotiators found themselves unable lo agree on terms of a con tractto replace one which ex pired April Officer in Seamens Union Says Members Ready to Man Convoys CHICAGO URiCapl C f May of San Francisco national vice president of the AFL Mas ters Mates and Pilots union said Saturday his organization of more than 000 seamen was ready and willing to man convoys across the Atlantic My outfit he said has voted to back up the national defense program 100 per cent and if that moans shipping convoys O K May uas enrouCc to Ujishii0 1011 by plaintu testify tiS maritime commission in vestigation of reported shortages in the shipping tlnpbuiIdniR industries abor Tin keys gnviTinnentuinrH H j newsnnniMs arimilierl fur the first itinir Werhieiflav Gprnvmvs hi is jterv f the Balkans and ihe psl isibihty of new naxj tieniaiuis rai jTurkev In the far cast lldivkoii Vc niirtcd tho arrival of Captain Hnnes Hrsevell lho nrisidcits on iitrt RlajiHGtrnld Thomrf is Mieial observers trm tiie aihiiiitnn lieaduuarters rf the Unitorl Stifns marine corix A New Zealand antitank imit covenns thr British withdrawal Mount Octi west of Ther mooylac pas destrovcd 23 nazi tanks Friday reliable military fiuirlers said thus thwarting for a time an apparent effort tr en cnclc tne important pass capture of vlnch die Germans already have announced Tiie wellinformed G e r mi n Dions Aus Deutsrli iantl said the Mediterranean ie iitcr must bc regarded as a unity ineludiiif inh Africa and liie reicn has n intention lo ball ivay but intends In pres Rr Stassen Asks Wilson to Veto Bill Bannin jfinal hero which next Jtne lntisn sics ihc mo1 ini i Joitant war arca Gencral Victors has aboul I in defense contracts1 2 Deck Auto he battle of js ot to handle Ihc j Important industries be an scraping the bottoms of thcircoal I bins as a result the bituminous i mine tieup which has kept officials have said thai workers on defense jobs would not le called oul in event of a strike but company executives assert it would be impossible lo scffrcffatr defense and nnnde fense work in the plant land now certain It was learned in question are and that j DES M01KKS flar Stassen of Minnesota Friday requested Guv Gcorac A Wilson Iowa vrt bill banning tdouolcdcck ports from luHiswavs altir Jan 1 ssin pointed out the bill would mlertcie with shipment Irom Minnesota fuctorics and said tliat it might lead to retalia experts in WasliiiiBJw said Probable intensification of German raider operations against nrtsh shipping MniiK and sinnmpr xvas one of Din reasons underlying utc far riuiiK cxlciision of lhc Anirriran neulrality patrol In Ifio air war CJcnrn Planes Mashed at j we ni Lr although he is that the forces German survey weather observation party landed in Greenland about months ago and were at the time the United States a a pact to defend the island A similar party previously had four c so ousy or chartered to Great Britain or I ict up a meteorological station in oher nations Greenland but had been ejected authorities Greenland J Danish American Uncle Shylock stahic President S Popular nt good ncisjhi while lie Has been an nnlho would voiv mi i i i his i him for MrRooscvcJi adC canvhilr thci Gorman lieiltlyat 1 IJ l m the event the mines remained it per cent of lory shut down mucl Weather Report coal panel called for further hearI week sign or veto the measure by the recent legislature Belligerent Powers Eye Pipeline Across FORECAST MASOX CITY Ptv douriv Saturday mght and Suntlav Xo u and Sunday criiinac in te rruy slt urday nisht and Sunday Bat tered showers oulhwc not intich change lempcraturc s CITY woathcr Minimum FridrV niit 40 At d a m Saiuirlav Y VKAH AGO mancuverin for political anl Germans rontimic in look UJlilblc hat steps would bc
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