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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 22, 1941, Mason City, Iowa M A 3 t H NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME AS T T o r i o w A COUP THE NEWSPAPfR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS President of Chile Greets Group EDITORS his is another of a series of articles written by W Earl Hall Mason Oily GlobeGazette managing editor m the course of a tour through South America as one of a party of 12 quests of the Carnegie Endowment for In ternational Peace MASON cirr THE BRIGHT JPOT AMU 22 mi ro NAZIS LASH RETREATING ALLIES i i Number 37 By W EAIIL HALL SANTIAGO Jn a half hour audience with Chiles squat twinklyeyecl president today members of the Carnegie party learned from highest authority about the ideals and objectives of the popular front government which now rules the live million people of this fingerlike South American nation Twentyf i v e of the thirty minutes were occupied by the p res id en tial greeting to us one minute to the gracious re sponse by Dot to r Malcolm Davis head of our group und four minutes lo our a I b through a series of halls in the prcs i d e n t i a 1 palace each one tAKL HALL by goldbraided presided over dignitary Our audience with President Pedro Aguirre Cerda was gained through the good offices of Claude bowers United States ambassador to Chile Mr Bowers formerly editor of the New York World represented the United States iri Spam before coming to his pres ent post We met this noon at the embassy near our hotel and went with taxi even though the palace is but a block away to our appointment with the presi dent President Aguirre once a uni versity professor shook hands with each of us in his inner office and exchanged some pleasantries be fore taking his place at a great desk and beginning his formal greeting We were seated in a circle about the large heavily draped room Speakiiiff in low conversation al voice he paid compliment lo the lofty purposes of the Car iicsie endowment for peace He proceeded then to an exposition of his administrations program for elevating Chiles under privileged population into what in United States no u i d be known as a great middle class Satisfaction was expressed by him over the fact that the recent Chilean election was conducted entirely without violence and he expressed a hope that in the not too distant future there would be an extension of suffrage to Chil ean women One effect he pointed out would be lo double the voting population The Chilean executive spoke in most kindly way of your presi dent7 and witii a smile in our party not in accord with his policies Some in our party thought he looked at me as lie made this obscrvation but I detected no of this Representatives of the Santiago press and the Associated Press bu reau chief of Chile were present for the address and at the conclu sion the parly arranged itself for a picture with President Aguirre in the center Incidentally we have left a trail of newspaper pictures from New York to Chile Tu common honesty I should admit that I comprehended only a small part of Ihc talk as it was bcinc given Scnor Aguirrcs gesticulations were far more re vealing to me than Ihc occasion al word r could understand t have relied on some of mv friends for this report of what was said Alter Ihe presidential audience we were luncheon guests with the American club of Santiago at a downtown restaurant Each mcm bcr of our party was formally pre sented to our a hun dred in number My Iowa residence reminded the toastmaster of a story about the old woman who on registering at a Boston hotel explained to the clerk that she was from Iowa Back here said the clerk we pronounce it Ohio Wilh a traveling mate from Cin cinnati and others in our party seeking to learn complimentary about Iowa I fear that this toastmasor may have done me a very great disservice Our plans for tonight cal for a dinner with Ambassador who has returned temporarily from a vacation m the Chilean lake country to make marc pleas ant our groups sixday slay in Santiago British Forces Valiantly Retreating South Heading for Dunkerque Evacuation By DANIEL DE LLCE ss i BRITISH LINES SET UP IN LOKRIS MOUNTS Allies Indicate They May Make Stand at or Near Thermopylae Pass A CHENS British and Creek forces fell back to new de fense positions in ihe Lokris mountains some 100 miles north west of Athens Monday and in dicated they might make a stand against the Germans at or near Thermopylae pass where Spartan King Leonidas put up a heroic de fense before the Persian legions of Xerxes in 480 B C The British command an nounced that imperial forces had occupied the shortened line south of Lamia a town on the lower side of the Olhrys moun tains and on the northern edge of a narrow plain Thermopylae pass threads through the Lokris mountains whose forbidding peaks rise to the south and command the jagged Greek coist The pass a feiv yards wide in Leonidastime now rangesin width from a mile arid a half to three miles Literally Thermopylae means Hie hot the back slouly toward southernmost embarkation point fighting every inch of the wav 11 Outnumberedand outgunned by Adolf Hitlers legions these Iroops were covered by Greek infantrymen who have liltle or no chance to escape the nazi juggernaut A fleet of 37ton German tanks lumbering through the mountain defiles previously believed im passable to such heavy vehicles charged light British tanks and crushed them like egg shells In short order an entire armored brigade was knocked out But even in the face of what looked like certain defeat the Greeks and their imperial allies were fighting hard Even before the nazi Balkan campaign was three days old the allies faced disaslcr as a result of ihe nazi ihrust south ward through the vital BHolj sap in luKOsIavia exposing the Greek flank Only a long rearguard action military men say can make pos sible the escape ot the Anxacs the Britons and the Scots who rushed to the aid of Greece Already great quantities of motorized equipment guns muni tions and other stores must be considered lost Since last Thursday night Ivo destroyers have been ordered to stand by with steam up to re move King George II and the Setting CleonUp Pace Greek royal family from Athens The vessels were ready to take the king and his government to Crete or Egypt when thesuicide of Premier Alexandras Korizis caused the monarch to postpone Some strategists hold that it is j set the sailTi the only route through which an the deshoye back unW Fid a my can night while the khig carried on the government army can invade lower Greece The allies were declared to have reached their new positions their line still intact despite repeated nazi lunges and heavy Sluka as saults V British forces in Greece have completed an of their line without serious in terference from the enemy who has been roughly handled wher ever met a British army com munique anounced Tuesday Enemy air activity has contin ued to be intense the communi que went on but the enemy have suffered considerable losses both from the Royal Air Force and from antiaircraft defenses Tlio British air command which said the total of German planes shot down over the Athens area Sunday was 22 as against seven for the RAF Outnumbered during a series oC heavy attacks on Greek and British airdromes ports and a ruromes norts anri a hope that there was none troops a communique said hu art ot in c l nu ricanes drove the luftwaffe back time and again THEATER AT OTTUMWA BURNS Loss Estimated at 75 Calmly Leave Auditorium OTTUMWA WMDamagc to the Ottumwa theater building and equipment destroyed by fire Mon estimated Mon by Jake Cohen day day at S100000 secretary of the Ottumwa Theater corporation operators of the mov ing picture house Origin of the blaze in the 1ISOseat auditorium remained a mystery The opera tors said they plan to replace the threestory structure as 50011 as possible Seventyfive persons who were m the theater orderly walkcc IIYUU i out when the inwas discovered Allies Try to Hold Narrow Line to Protect Withdrawal in Face of Nazi Pressure Corinth u protect their rear NAZIS DECLARE ADVANCE MADE IN AFRICA AGAIN Heavy Units of British Fleet Pound Tripoli With 15 Inch Shells B t R L I German African corps has resumed iis id vance eastward from the Egyptian frontier post of Salum informed sources reported Tuesday The new movement began these sources declared after a nazi detachment which ha been in the Salum area for some days repulsed a British thrust The high commune communi que said that not only w a s the British thrust on Salum repulsed but also on attempted landing at the port of Bardia just within Libya northwest of with heavy losses for the enemy in the number of prisoners tak Renewed attempts of enemy tanks to break through from To bruk were the daily communujuc said WARSHIPS BOMBARU TRIPOLI 40 MINUTES LONDON units ot the British fleet pounded the western Libyan port of Tripoli with J5 iiich shells in a 40 min sc your rahcs and paintbrushes out of the iloset but re of Commerce campaign coinmilce thev ire urging ivholchearlcd cooperation in Ihc crfort to spruce un S 0ldinK lhC nail Chapman dips m her brush Jcanc Shcfflcr sfandiiiR just Ijchind Betty s already busily al work Lock photo Kayenay en era vine The line is studded with mouni tains and was thousht tu pass just east of Mount Parnassus md I Delphi f It nriilecls the rclircimnl of British and Greek forces siiulh cast alone the narrow peniiiMila where Athens stands SO milrs away ami it is believed ulTonls a narrow corridor of escape for Hie Greeks coining slowly smith from Arta toward the Gull uf Corinth at Missoloiifhi f If Ihe Thermopylae line holds the Greeks from the west may be able lo rejoin the main Anglo Greek forces by movinroast aloiifj the coast of ln Juli Corinih Should the Germans break thioiigli ihe Gulf uf Coiinth narrow body of water which the nllj the Greek mainland from the the western Greek armies would be trapped in Ihc southwest corner of Greece with no by sca H was admitted here that the holdiiiR Or ihe line from Ther mopylae to the gulf was a hay ardous enterprise in view of the crushing power of the navii at tack Stubborn British and Greek rear euard cngagcmeiits havc slowed the German ad vance but never have been able to halt it LARGE PANZER AIRPLANE UNITS LEAD ATTACKS British Rear Guard Defense Planned to Get Greeks Out of Pincers FKOV CAULK KEPOKTS Great Britain and Greece fought to Hold Adolf tillers blitzkrieg aiinies on the ancient battlefield t Ihermupylae and on islands suardmg the entrance to the Dar danelles Tuesday y the war front the allied forces laced tremendous odds in liattlitiR constant air attack and the pressure of Germanys iron panzer divisions Co establish liosilions in Hie mountains SO miles northwest or Athens London imlicaled that the cli mactic test would come in at tempting running to defend from near 40mile line Thermopylae i iujjj v itiu to the mountains near the Guff ot the Nazis Report Greek Harbors Packed With Transport Ships RFRriivr harbors arcpacked with ships of all sizes busy moving troops out of the country DNB German official news agency said it has been de termined Tuesday by nazi recon naissance planes Motorboats cutters and small craft of every description are waiting in Piraeus Port of Athens md other remaining porls for a 5 lace il the few undestroyed Ways the news agency said Roads eadiiiR to these ports it added are clogged with columns of troops The news agency said German air activity was disturbing the British efforts ON WAY TO FENCHOW BOSTON Mass S Matthews of Grinnell Iowa is en route to Fernhow where he will be the only Congregational missionary lie American hoard ot commissioners for foreign miMone reported Tucsdav ute bombardment Monday admiralty reported Tuesday It said six transport or supply smps in the harbor were seen to be hit and added thai other hits were observed on the quay the naval headquarters power station ami a military stores depot The railway slation was reported set afire Knroutc to Tripoli i was said iinil aiivraft intercepted fivr German troop carrying planes and shot down four in dames The British fleet was said not lo have been seriously molested and no ships were reported lost Besides six transports or supply ships shelled at Tripoli the ad miralty said a destroyer was seen to be hit Opposition from coastal bat teries the admiralty declared proved Corinth thus establishing Huard defense along ihe peninsula leading to Athens and possibly avenue of escape except I permitting the Greek army in the west to puil back from the Ger man pincers Fintin cii si German troops lashing across the Aegean sea in powerlul speed boats presumably Irom Salonika uero reported to have occupied the Greek island Samothrakc which lies just out side Turkish territorial and to have attacked the Greek island of Lcmnos which is 40 miles from the entrance lo the Dardanelles and commands the approaches British military informants de clined to comment on the possi bility that the British cxpedition vjni LIU11 ary force in i g h t he evacuating Lrcece under cover of the des perate rear guard engagements along the Therompylae line The next few clays were here to be vital to the question of whether further resistance north of the Gulf of Corinth can i uc continued j it was plainly indicated by the British radio and press that the puolic is being prepared for aban donment of the Greek front if the ssss 1efl lo William II Hcss GERMANS CLAIM ALLIES ROUTED Assert There Is No Longer Semblance of War in Position mili tary spokesmen claimed Tuesday that the retreat of British forces in Greece has been turned into a precipitate flight with the nazi air force harassing the entire line of withdrawal embarkation ports arid ships clearing Greece for the open sens The spokesmen claimed Hint there was no longer anv semblance ot a war of position tii Greece and that the flight of oritish forces hadbeen acceler ated by advance of German troops beyond Liirisi and Lamia Y They asoricti liiai iric Gorman1 now an prosing the British so i closely that they 10 lonycr have time to set up their artillery to engage the nazi spearheadin rcai guard action Rumors continued to circulate without confirmation that the Greek army of the Epirus had capitulated when it found itself trapped without a line of retreat by the German breakthrough in the west to loannina and control of the loarmmaArta highway Falls Under Train Loses Heel of Shoe SCRAATOY Pa vSnyder considers himself the luck iest man in the world Falling un der a moving tram the Elmirc Y freight conductor gave a I quick jerk and freed cept for a heel of his hoe which i was ground to pieces i German prcisure can not be hailed One factor affecting Hie ques tion of evacuation of the British expeditionary corps is Ihe di lemma of ihe British Mediter ranean fleet That llect is now guarding against further rein forcement by sea of the German divisions in Alrica If it should be pulled hack lo Greece to cover a British evacuation the Ccrmans probably could slip strong rein forcements in Africa with possi bly disastrous results in the nm attack upon Egypt md the Elderly Doctors Will Have to Return to Jobs Association Told i president of the American College ol Hospital administra tors was asked what should a hospital do to replace doctors who have gone to the army Not only will the ojdcst doctors have to be I called back into service he but the hospitals i watch carefully Hi their service Approximately 40B person HttcncliiiR the associations annual contention have to of A Greek narrison was known lo tie on Lcmnus ami there were reports that British troops had been landed there recently but the outcome of the battle mil known according to Istan bul dispatches The British HIIV was reported counterat tacking Ihc Germans in an cf frnl lo drive them back to the mainland The navy also was joined by naval planes and the RAF in the attack on Tripoli the axis base for the current land campaign through Libya into Egypt and agiiinst the Sue canal The alone dropped it tons of bombs on the coastal base according to a communique issued it Cairo while the 15 inch guns of big British warships battered the har bor The attack on Tripoli de signed to weaken the axis drive into Egypt which Berlin and Home said was making progress in the Solluni sector again after con siderable delay Cairo reported that RAF bombers were hammer ing again at he axis lines in iNorth Africa causing much dam age to transports and columns On the diplomatic fronts the nazi threats of action against Tur key in Gibraltar by wny nf continued but without im mediate developments Hitlers hish command said columns hal trapped Greekforces relreatiri from Albania British middle cis iioadiuu ILVS reported tersely troops tailing back from the Ml c no sittons south of tnmia i Tins may mean dial lllc British arc preparing lo make a last ditch stand near ihr Thermopylae Vhcre fOO j bparlans umler KinB lconitlas Iicld off an invasion army led by Persian Kins Xerxes in J80 j The new defense line was ap i pircntly ocmjr cstablihetl in Ihr UKS Kklerlv flortnrwill have tj put en thcir Working clothes tu re plan doctors culled into armv service rhe loui Hospital asi ciation wis told Monday liic Ml Dr A c liachmcyer of Chi Greece llm occupied defensive no
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