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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 22, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H isr tin n r 0 E r r r If 0 S t f t s It PRESS AND THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NIIGHBORS Davila Built FirstPanama City in 1519 EDITORS his is another of a scries of articles written by W Earl Hall Mason City GlobeGazette managing editor in the CDurse of a tour through South America as one ot a party of 12 guests of the Carnegie Endowment for Inter national Peace Number 11 By EAKL HALL PANAMA C IT seven years after Christopher Col umbus made his first landing on a West Indian isle and disproved the commonly accepted belief that the world is flat a baud of Span iards established the first impor l a n t European settle m e n t on the North Am erican continent Today I vis ited that place It lies seven miles around the bay from Panama City and bears the d i s t i nguished name Old Pan FAT7r amaCity All EARL HALL tlvat remains is a set of crumbling walls Irom what once was an im posing sjstem of buildings center ing about a great cathedral The original Panama City was founded in 1513 by Pedro Arias Davila This was ninety years before the English colonists land ing at Jamestown and a full cen tury before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock Because or its strategic posi tion Panama City became a sort of capital for the Spanish colo onization efforts in the western world A cathedral was built of woodin 1530 In 1626an im Posing stone edifice was com pleted In 1571 a convent Sf Dominics was established t All of this was happening in the days when pirates glorified by the designation of buccaneers were roaming the sea And just about the most feared of all was Eng lands Henry Morgan whoso prac tice it was fo share his loot with Queen Elizabeth One day in 1671 Morgan and his buccaneers appeared from no vhere and descended on Panama City With torches they set fire to all the buildings and while ilie fires were in progress they pro ceeded to the business of looting and carrying to their ships every thing ot value No not everything They neg lected one item more valuable than anything carried away with them Somebody presumably a father had had tiie wit to white wash a golden altar in the cathe dral The English raiders took it for wood and thereby missed an item currently valued at 9000 000 I saw it later in the day in a cathedral in the downtown sec tion of new Panama City In 1anamauian history this was known as Morgan day Morgan himself went back to England and won knighthood As Sir Ifwry Morgan hc came back lo tlie Island of Jamaica as its first governor Rut old Panama City never recovered 35 from the tragedy which had be jV fallen it When the new cily was started it was situated in somewhat more favorable i irbor around the bay Today Panama City capital of le little republic with an area i simulating that of South Caro Jina and a population of 600000 presents a remarkably modern appearance The city has grown to I about 100000 and the projected expansion of the Panama canal which bisects the Panama repub lie will mean further srowth 1 Modem Panamas history be i cause of the canal is vitally linked to United States historv prominently such Theodore Roosevelt Maj Gen George W Goethals Dr W C Corgas and msny others who con i tnbuted lo the great work of cn i gmeering A Spanish note of course dom T mates the architecture streets src rather narrow but surprisingly clean automobiles abound and they are 9D per cent of American manufacture shops are numerous and small the slum district is off set by a surprisingly impressive residential section for the wealthy the people of the city are without exception friendly and courteous And this last reminds me of a plaque at the ruins of the convent m Old Panama City Across its face two Americans have insert ed their names One is Irving R lartley Jenkins Ky the other E Miller Yuma Ariz If our riy can offset even slightly tiie Md advertising the United Stales as had from such illnarmcrcl travelers as these two Im guile sure that our mission will be con sidered a success MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MARCH 227 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT NAZIS GIVE SERBS ULTIMATUM Teachers President Iowa Funds Insufficient to Pay Homestead Tax Credits Transfer Sum to Bridge Gap Checks Totaling Will Be Sent Counties DES M01NES Stale Comptroller C Fred Porter Sat urday disclosed that sales and in come tax funds on hand arc in sufficient to pay this springs homestead lax credits and that 5458798 is being transferred Irom live use tax fund to bridge the gap Checks totaling will be mailed lo the 99 Iowa county treasures for homestead distri bution next week Porter said A similar distribution will be made next fall thereby lifting the years homestead tax total for the state to about Up to this year lowans living in their own homes had been re ceiving credits on their properly taxes entirely from sales and in come tax proceeds The credit maximum lias been 25 mills on valuation of S6250 a year About 350000 families arc scheduled to receive the credits on their tax bills this year Foreseeing lie day wben sales and income tax revenue might not provide sufficient money to pay the full 23 mills the 1939 legisla ture voted to allow the comptrol ler to dip into use tax money if necessary The Use tax which produces something year heretofore all has been going into the state general fund The levy is a 2 per cent tax on the sale of new cars in this state and also on outofstate purchases on goods destined for use in Iowa It has been described as the sales tax gone Some state sources professed to c in the actions of the current legislature grounds for believing that a good share of the use tax hereafter permanently will be di verted into the homestead fund Tiie assembly these sources pointed out voted an additional drain on the sales and income tax Tuna by boosting the annual old age pension allotment from S7 000000 to 58500000 a year Heres how the sales and in come revenue has been divided up to now Pensions Relief Homesteads in 1940 Thus in a total of 303985 lowans filed homestead claims totaling Tiiis year the number exceeds 350000 and the cash require ments are nearly 52000000 higher than the figure of four years ago Homestead values in 1937 totaled 5467608000 in 1941 they top Under bills approved or on their way through the legislature at the present time the sales and income tax fund bolstered by the use tax will be called upon for these annual contributions Pensions Relief Homesteads this s 8500000 300000 13118000 S22l18000 Sales lax revenue has been around a year with the present business pace pushing that figure up into the neighborhood of and the income tax about GOO 000 V Following are the first half homestead checks for some of Iowas principal counties Appanoose 41275 Black Hawk 8207426 Boone S7S Carroll 346312 Cerro Gordo 3103325 Cherokee 541030 Claj 544195 Clinton 5131681 Dallas SG3791 Des Moines Dubuque 5167148 Emmet 528 830 Floyd 553867 Hamilton Jasper Lee 592443 Linn 5282973 Marshall 587322 Muscatine 579860 Poll 5513213 Pottawattamte S143 805 Scott 5252323 Story 587 326 Union 339548 Wapello S107i32 Washington 557708 Webster 5105201 Woodbury 5256472 7000000 500000 12639301 520130301 Tlie levies however have not been producing quite that much money but the homestead funtl has been able to pay the full 25 mills because of surpluses piled up in 1937 and One trouble with tlie present I situation is the constantly growing of the home owner armvl LIGHT RAINS PREDICTED Temperatures for Iowa Range From 4 Below to Normal DES MOINES weather bureau predicted occasional light rains for Iowa Saturday and for the east portion Sunday Skies clear in the south half of the state Saturday morn ing but it was partly cloudy in the northern half Temperatures ranged from four degrees bclovnormal to normal DCS Moines had a reading of 36 degrees Saturday morning with simj i i Davenport rcporlini the states i Is low of 28 Friday isht Council i savinj7 Bluffs bad a high Friday MISS PINE OF CLEAR LAKE IS VICE PRESIDENT Other Officers Are Elected as Annual Convention Closes C T Feelliaver Fort Dodgo was elected president ot the north central district of the Iowa State Teachers association at tlie closing session of the annual con vention here Saturday Final attendance figures had not been tabulated but they were estimated at well over the 1500 mark previous high for the group and attendance at all ses sions was considerably above that two years ago when tlie conven tion also was held here Other officers elected includ ed Miss Izclta Pine Clear Lake vice president Miss Frances Mcsser HumboWt secretary and R E Nyqulst Mason City who was reelected treasurer Mr Feelhaver also was chosen as delegate to the X E A convention H H Boyce Mason City the retiring president will represent tlie district on the state executive committee Miss Esther Pagenhart Mason City was chosen to fili the place on the district executive committee which was vacated by Mr Feelhaver Other members of the executive committee whose terms did not expire are R Newell Emmetsbtirg and JHisJ Dora Jensen Spencer The resources of the world must be made equally available to all peoples asserted Doctor Svud Hossain faculty member of the University of Southern California in his address Ihe last of the convention Hc at tributed the first as well as the Brcscnt world war directly to the struggle for colonies re sources ami raw materials We can have neacc only by promoting peace for the world he explained The rest of Ihe world must have an equal chance to live decently The only solution to the prob lem of international peace is one of education he told the listening teachers We must train world citizens We must recognize that a new world has come into existence and since education must be re lated to the society in which it is to function we must change edu cation What kind of civilization is it which requires this mass homi cide he asked pointing out bat the warlrabics of years aeo arc now dying on the self Is such a Men Version dramatic pictures tell if llasmliim f hpr rifflu Top pliotJ torpeducrt off the Wiil VaSaken ri0 a Lower shows assistant eiiKincer of the Charles Frilt standing hv strapped at his waist is lfs badge of Werc UlC Sca for days before vessel WM under of Urk r S I S Sc aH T roscJ PanarLanian crs pointing out that in spite of these desires and proclivities he does not discharge his citizenship responsibilities on school election day Less than one in ten of Iowas voters expressed his convictions at hp ballot box on March 10 if we this year followed the established pattern Helped Build Canal Maj Gen George W Gocthals the builder of the Panama canal is recorded in history as Ihe man who accomplished the greatest feat of enBinccrins and construction in modern lime It was the ingenuity persistence and brains of the army cnsi necrs the remarkable efficien cy of the men who labored un der them and the unusual or Ranuing ability possessed by Goellials that did in less than a decade what the experts of oth er nations declared could never be done President Theodore Roosevelt in 1906 appointed Goethals to take over the work of digging the Panama canal and gave every possible encouragement to the work in solvingprob lems that arose including slides management health troubles because of he climate ant geog raphy and many others Presi dent Roosevelt said hc consid ered the canal the outstanding achievement of his administra tion The rise of three modern ni Germany lilv nnd Juprm and thendemand for a place in the sun resulted in the balance ofpower system becoming un workable All three want to break the present monopoly of the world empires he pointed out There was no place left in the nonEuropean world unclaimed he continued There were no other nations which the new nations could subjugate by the sword so they had to fight other European countries days of cutthroat monop olistic competition are over he closed The thing that mailers ultimately is the redemption of our common humanitv Labeling teachers ss nutrition specialists in Hie first line of de I fensc Miss Jessie M Parker slate superintendent of schools Saturday called on North Iowas teachers lo see that the youth of America know what to do how to do it when to do it and to see that they do it Life brings discipline she pointed out Jet all of us ini tiate pupils into it early gentler methods can avail A Balanced diet say our spe cialists usually contains ail the vitamins necessary If not they can be added You arc the nutri tion specialists for first line of defense The state official admitted that the most important factor in de fense is a contented patriotic ef ficient citizenry She pointed out that every American earnestly dc sires good government and is quic to criticize the schools and modern educational programs as the source of the practice or con jduct of which he disapproves She was unwilling however to I accept sue criticism of the leach 1C mir pnblii xilionl is to re main uur most drmncralic in stitution ami if it s to ruiilinuc to lie mirier local control we lined to have a chanced appre ciation ami a new attitude to ward ii in the average Iowa community The morning session opened with music by lie high school chorus under the direction of MKs tllen Smith The string double sextet under the direction of Mis Marjorie Smith also plaved during the forenoon The Weather FORECAST ItfASOV Partly cloudy Saturday night anil Sunday Slightly warmer Saturday Lowest about 30 lOUl Occasional light rain Saturday iiijrlil and cast Sunday becoming fair west Sunday MHiieii Mai w a r in e r and extreme past Saturday niKhl uml wrsl Sunday colder exlrcme cast Sunday MINNKSOTY Cloudy occa sional snow north a n d lishl snow or rain south Saturday nighl extreme east Sunday forenoon becoming fair west and central Sunday slightly colilcr west and central Satur day niffht warmer west Sunday IN MASON CITY CJlobeGazeltc tics Saturday Maximum friday aiiiiimum in Xisht At R a in Saturday VPAR AGO Maxinium Minimum weather slatis C T FEELHAVER President BANKS BEHIND U S LOUISVILLE Ky UR William A Irwin national educa tional director of the American Institute of Banking said Friday night the nations banks had placed their resources wholc ncartedly behind the government m its defense effort Senate Group Okays Money for Britain WASH 1NG TON ejec t i I is a proposal lo cut the amount in half the senate appropriations j committee approved unanimously Saturday a appro priation to carry out tlie adminis trations British aid program The appropriation already passed by the house was ap proved without fluingc after he committee had voted down a motion by Senator ItN Dak tn lie uinumit to Sf 500000000 The mutton prev iously hat ticen rejected by an a p ii r urinations subcommittee ami Nyc was not expected to offer tlie proposal In the full scnalc The senate will consider the appropriation Monday Demo cratic Leader BarlIey said he saw no reason why it should not be sent to President Roosevelt by Monday night ICvcu opponents of lie meaure conceded the bill would be ap proved overwhelmingly without major change Iundi which tlie senate com mittee approved for carrying nut the foreign aid bill were divided as follows 1 Ordnance ami ordnance stores including arms and am munition Aircraft and parls S2054 000000 3 Tanks ami oilier mechan ized ccuiijiment Ships boats am other craft 5639000000 5 Miscellaneous m i I i t u r y equipment and supplies S260 Deadline Set for 6 Manufacturing f a c i 1 ities 7 Agricultural industrial and other commodities 000 8 Other expenses Sir0UOO The house approved the B1007J supplemental appropria tion for clnmcslic defense by a vine ol yto Uoodruin DVa said it would to the tolal of appropriations contract author ixalions and pending budget esti mates made for national defense since Germanys invasion of the low countries That total he said did not include the 57000000000 aidtodemocracies tuncl V K v Before the final vole the 11OUC rejected m amendment by Repre sentative Case RS Dak which would liavc prohibited the use of any of the money for convoying materials to foreign countries Wood rum asUed for defeat of the proviso on the ground that the house should not attempt lo re vise the British aid law each time it considered measure BULLETIiv BELGRADE Jugo slavia AP Germany was reported in govern ment quarters Saturday lo have demanded Jugo slavias decision on an agreement with he axis by Sunday night in a vir tual ultimatum which ex press e d dissatisfaction w i t h procrastination in the long negotiations B K L G li A D E J I g 1 sljiviji AP High military in Jugoslavia clis cluswl Saturday night that all army leaves have houii can celled slatting 25 Tha reason for the move was not leameil immediately Tim militaiy chiefs acted as government re ported that Germany had de manded an immediate end to protrastinatioii and that there was a jjossthility Pre mier Dragisa Cvetkovic and Foreign Minister Alksamler CincarJIarlioviu would go to Vienna Sunday lo sign a pact with Germany Tt flirtlier was reported that Regent Prince Paul at last had found three substi tute ministers to Till the holes in Ins govuniniunt left by res ignations loiulcrcd in protest at the proposed agreement lcproscmytivr of important officui s and hat minis ter sabotaged efforts t gnin the support of Husia added fuel Sai urriay to a rapjdlyllarins political revolt against ilc lUKoslav gov ernment plan lo capitulate lo the axis At a cabinet meeting marked ov outer recriminations a member was reported ti have accused Foreign Minister Alk a n d c r CinrjrMarknvic iif thrimiiif away a telegram from tlie minister to Ittissia detailin his efforts for a mutual assist ance pact with that nation CmcarMarkovic leaped t oh is feet screaming Fantastic He insisted that Russia has not sufficient military strength to give us tiie aid we would like to have an appropriation BULLETINS However the angry resignation the minister lo Russia Milan was reported Sources Hose to senators uc nf Iicm iiad left for Lrcrcc nr Kgypt tn peiatmn with Ilitam i AN this upiioiti p road ATHENS Greece OT A i German Min daylicht air raid alarm sounded in the city at n m A M EST Saturday The all clear signal came 40 minutes later ROM K ol he Italian Harrison at the Libyan oasis if Girabub after four months resistance was reported Saturday by the Italian high command ft ister Viliior vn llceren con erred at ieitstli with Premier Drassa Cvetkovc and forciRn Minister AlksandeiCinciiriMar KOV1C Tlieir plans to co lo Vicuna Sunday to sign an agreement wit i Germany already harl hccn postponed inilcfinitclv said Colonel Castagna comman der of Ihe garrison was wounded slightly in the final fighting LOXIJON UPi Sir itounld ISrilisI minister li Jugoslavia lias been in with iriuce Iaut chief recent H was disclosed authoritatively and it was believed that hc Informed sources V sa on Hctrcn told Cvctkovic and Cin carMarlcovic that the German government was extremely anRry and impatient t liiiltirc to agreement quickly arid furthermore that the rciuns goixviinient suspects is iUtcmptiiiK lu heclfje urtu i ni n LCI tic impressed him with the consc fw lime until the Brit I n i nt tii i Asks US to Operate Plant LOS ANGELES ff Edward i l Cheyfiu international secrc tarytreasurer of the CIO die casti crs union announced Saturday a breakoff of negotiations to end an eightday strike and said he had wired President Rooseveit asking the government to take over operation of the Harvill Air cralt Diecasting corporations quences which niiffhi follow Jugoslav adherence to the nazi fascist axis CncylHz said he had offered t iiv ndu oiiercu plant officials arbitration and the return ot 350 striking workers lo tncir posts pending a settlement but had been refused His announcement came a time after negotiations with cnmcnt and Hanill officialshad resumed for the second day For Complete Listings Turn to the Classified Page NOW Remember Globe Gazette Want Ads BRING RESULTS armies can be well installed in Greece close to the Jugoslav fron tier Saturday the swernw of the vitally important Varclar vallev nisincl and tiie vicegovernor Lroatia resigned and the indepcn ctcmocratie party ordered all i membciv holding government positions tn do likewie Tiic pa i ty is tlie countrys fourth most impurtnt Leaders of the strong Serb pcas atu party wtro phnmins a similar mass reiigiuilioii Already tiirce cabinet irembers had resigned and six scnatois were reported pJaunmg fo quit Meanwhile Premier Cvctkovics search for substitute members to licnl the breach in tiie government so the deal with Germany might go inrough was fruitless with one politician after another refusing to have anything U do with the transaction I Vice Governor Ivhovic nf Croatia as one of those who
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