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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 30, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NOTH IOWAS HOME EDITION VOL XLVI THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NIIGHIOHS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY AUGUST 301940 MASON CITY THE SPOT iv rr A JKIUAI AUGUST 30 1940 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO ONE NO 281 RUMANIA CEDES AREA TO HUNGARY BULLETIN By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Skies e Skies ovei London Friday as waves of German bombers some of them dropping bombs in attacks upon the outskirts struck again and again at the British capital Three air raid alarms kept the city running to and from air raid shelters from just before noon until nearly 6 p m I a m CST when the clear sig nal of the last alarm sound ed The first two haps 400 in turned back after fierce battles But in the last attack the sound of dive bombers could be heard at a distance in the outskirts and the sounds ot motors indicated there were large numbers of them British sources said he third attack too was turned back by the British fighters aided by an in tense antiaircraft barrage First reports indicated that at least of the bombers had been destroyed At least 20 bombers flew at n great height over one district in London during this raid but a swarm of British fighters met them and split up the formation Heaviest fighting occurred over a London suburb where hun dreds of afternoon shoppers saw a force of British fighter planes pounce on a formation of more thin a score of raiders flying in the sun Rival Claims LONDON Ger man planes were brought down over Great Britain Friday and 10 British planes were lost the min istry of information announced Friday night Four of the British pilots escaped the announcement BERLIN the official Germannews agency said nazi bombing squadrons attacked air dromes In south England late Fri day especially in Hampshire and shot down a total ot 51 British planes Fifteen German planes were acknowledged missing with firm resistance from Brit ish fighters and thundering antiaircraft guns The German attackers who lost at least 19 planes in their first at tempt to reach the London area shifted their route for the second try The days second alarm sounded about p m a m CST but the ali clear signal came six minutes later An hour before the afternoon alarm sounded air battles were reported over southeastern Eng land where the raiders were trying to section cross over another over in formations of The planes swirled and dived and looped in a virtual freefor all as the formation broke up Some of the attack bombers dumped their missiles in their flight A moment later the formation was broken up one bomber was seen falling with two fighters swooping down on its ail Two otners crashed near where the first one fell There was an unconfirmed re port that at least one other also may have been shot down in an other London area during the lighting The sound of diving planes was followed by the explosion of bombs indicating that some dive bombers got in their licks While the third raid on the London area was in progress the Germans using dispersion tactics were feinting other areas in the southeast and northwest One plane was reported shot down in southeastern England but it was not confirmed whether it nad been counted in the earlier official total of 19 Two men were reported killed and several injured when a bomb exploded m a Welsh town Streets of the suburbs were crowded with shoppers when the bombs were dropped Men and i omen who had gone out after the second warning ended had to take to shelter again Reports from a southeast town said that while Londons second warning was in progress 1 explosive bombs and a few in cendiaries were dropped in out lying distvcts and several persons were injued and one man died of shock Seme houses were badlv damaged The gijnfirc over one suburb nvas described as ter rific by some eyewitnesses as one bomber was shot down over the London area with two British fighters in hot pur suit Unofficial reports said that at least four enemy planes had been brought down over the London area Friday Before the third alarm was sounded British fighters had turned back wave upon wave of 15 to 20 planes the Germans ran into a solid wall of antiaircraft fire and swarming fighters proI tecting London following early morning attacks on the great in dustrial northwest including the textile center at Manchester The attack on the northwest one of the heaviest of the war was coupled with others in the southeast the Midlands and Soufh Wales Many persons were killed and injured in these forays Tile great northeastern indus trial area England was the ob ject of additional night and day German raids described as some of the heaviest of the war A mother and two children were reported killed at Man Chester and a number of cot tages wrecked Rescue squads worked franticallr to gel out a number of persons trapped in he wreckage Six persons were reported Killed and many injured in an other west coast area Manchester is one of the largest and most important industrial cities of England It has a popula tion of 766000 and is 31 miles east of Liverpool to which it is connected by a large canal ac commodating seagoing vessels The Germans reported great fires were started by nazi raiders in heavy attacks on Liverpool and Birkenhead which is on the op posite bank of the Mersey With Liverpool Birkenhcnd constitutes one of Britains busiest receiving points for American supplies from across the Atlantic Still more raids were aimed at southeast England during the night The home of the late Henry James the author was reported destroyed at Rye an ancient southeastern town sitting on all 400 in sinking directly at London Repeatedly the raiders stormed against the capitals oullyintr defenses only to mecl on a high rock promontoiy crowned by an ancient castle and Numerous dogfights raged s rage throughout the day as fresh Brit WILLKIE MAKES POLITICS FROM DRAFTFRSAYS G 0 P Candidate Demands Stand on Conscripting Industry HYDE PARK N Y President Roosevelt Friday ac cused Wendell L Willkie of seek ing to make political capital out of the bill to draft American manpower for national defense Speaking at a press conference the president said that Willkie was attempting to draw him into a political discussion by chal lenging him to declare whether he is for or against the Overton RusSell amendment to the draft bill Refusing to comment on the amendment Mr Roosevelt said that his opponent simply wanted to involve him in a political argu ment Lets all acknowledge that fact and stop there he suggested The amendment incorporated into the draft bill before it passed the senate Wednesday night would give the president power to take over industry ior national defense in peace time in event industry failed to cooper ate in the national defense pro gram Willkie said the would give the chief executive powers approaching those of a dic tator Accusing Willkie of political mo tives in his denunciation the amendment Mr HoostVelt in voked what he said was a rulelie has followed since he first came to the presidency in 1933 That rule ne said is that the president does not comment on legislation or amendments while the legislation is pending in congress Says Wallace 100 Per Cent Wrong RUSHVILLE Ind dell L AVillkic challenged Presi dent Roosevelt Friday to take n stand on the OvertonRussell amendment to the military con scription bill which the republi can presidential candidate charged would establish a potential dic tatorship in the United States He demanded a direct answer from the president because lie said the issue is the form of government under which we shall live the way of life for which we shall stand He said he hoped that Mr Roosevelt would not an swer with a quip about how Wendell Willkie loves property and he Roosevelt loves human ity The senateapproved amend ment would authorize the secre taries of war and navy to seize and operate any manufacturing plant or facility necessary for the national defense whenever the secretary is unable to reach an agreement with the owner for its use or operation by the federal government Willkie charged that the amend ment would give the president absolute and arbitrary control of virtually the entire economic sys tem He described it as startling revolutionary a means of soviet Jzing American enterprise and another step toward what took place in conscripted unions abolished His denunciation of the indus trial conscription measure was issued Thursday night before he listened to Henry A Wallace ac cept the democratic vice presiden tial nomination in a radio address from DCS Moines Iowa in which the former secretary of agriculture charged that the republican party was the party of appeasement in Dogfights Rage Over London 400 Nazi Airplanes Turned Back After Fierce Encounters Form Picket Bocks Wallace vi ISMI appeared at Wallates nntilicalion ceremonies In Armslfong of Ames when he 27 Killed as Bridge Being Repaired After Dutch Invasion Falls AMSTERDAM UP Twenty seven persons were believed killed Friday and 20 injured when a bridge wKich engineers were re pairing collapsed near Zaltbom1 mel 1 Boseh Wallace Visits Own Farms After Striking Appeasers miles from Shertogen The bridge had been damaged j an explosion set by Dutch troops at the time of Germanys invasion of the Netherlands The Weather FORECAST IOWA Partly cloudy Friday night generally fair Saturday and Sunday warmer west and central Sunday MINNESOTA Partly cloudy showers northeast and extreme east Friday night generally fair Saturday and Sunday cooler west Friday night warmer west Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Thursday 77 Minimum Thursday Night 53 At 8 a m Friday 5g Rain jrace YEAR AGO Maximum gj Minimum 54 the United States When he was asked for com ment on Wallaces charges Will kie said There cant be anything more wrong than 100 per cent wrone can there Mr Wallace is a fine gentle lenge and circled over the sea man Thats my only comment LOOK INSIDE FOR Declares Elements in GO P Would Make Concessions to Nazis TEXT ON PAGE 2 DES MOINES PJ the cornstalk bedecked hall where I Thursday night he delivered on address accepting the democratic presidential nomination A Wallace Friday turned that in many months that would elapse before a new administra tion could act they mighthave Uiejr chance He termed he European conflict and vice Henry to the cornfields his native Iowa The former secretary of agri culture made a brief tour Friday morning o farm properties VIVIEN LEIGH Is Wed to Olivier at Santa Barbara Ceremony PAGE 2 Packers Down AH Stars 4528 in Charity Contest PAGE 9 Church Anniversary Planned Next Week PAGE 4 near here with his wife and party of friends democratic of ficials and photographers In n speech formally accepting the nomination Thursday night fae Glorious Start in HYDE PARK N Y President Roosevelt Thursday night listened to radio broad casts of the acceptance speech of his running mate Henry A Wallace and hen telegraphed Wallace that he had made a glorious start of the third term campaign Mrs Roosevelt listened in with the president at their Hyde Park home here foro n crowd estimated by Chief of Police Thomas Watson at 7000 Wallace declared Powerful elements in our on position will ir the republicans come power force us lo make one economic concession after another o the totalitarian countries These appeasers will have their way if the republicans win be cause they have contributed large ly both politically and financially to the republican cause These people believe the republicans in power would give them profitable business with a Germancontrolled a war to destroy freedom democracy It is a war o prevent the peo ple of North and South America from developing their resources without paying tribute to Europe and without being victims ot European secret police serving a selfappointed master race The crowd waving cornstalks cheered the defense and neutrality sections of the speech The cur rent rearmament drive has pro duced splendid results Wallace said but it is only a start It will be pushed until America is fully prepared to defend herself against any emergency LOCAL LAD TOWS BODY TO SHORE Learns Man Who Fell Into Rice Lake Was Heart Attack Victim Nazis to Aid Rumania on Red Borders BUCHAREST Rumania announced Friday she had ac cepted an axis ultimatum in ne gotiations for a cession o part ot Transylvania to Hungary and re liable reports said she had received in return a promise that German troops would come speedily to help defend her troubled Russian frontier While the governments com munique did not say outright she had agreed to cede part of Tran sylvania it did declared that as a result of the ultimate demand of Germany and Italy Rumania has decided to accept arbitration on the Transylvanian question It was reliably reported here that arbitration would involve a loss of more than half of the 3a000 square mile province with its 3500000 people Threat of an immediate soviet in vasion as a consequence of a Hun garian attack backed by the axis forced the early morning capitula tion to the fourhour conference nt Vienna where Humania reportedly was told German motorized col umns and air force were ready to move at a moments notice 1C the demand for a part of Transylvania wasignored But as part of a secret agree ment now being made at Vienna it was reported reliably German troops will be sent immediately to guard Rumanias new frontier with soviet Russia Government circles said Ru mania faced overwhelming odds n a ring of threatened invasions Besides a Hungarian invasion backed by Germany and llie possibility Russia would decide lo move in from the north and east in event of conflict Ku mama also faced the possibility Bulgaria would act from the souththey said A reply to Rumanias accepiance JS evpected by midnfleinoon Fri day from Vienna where he Ger man and Italian foreign ministers Joachim von Ribbentrop and Count Galeazro Ciano have been conferring hvfh Foreign Minister Mihail Manoilescu of Rumania and Premier Count Pol Telcky ami Foreign Minister Count Ivan Csaky of Hungary Then the Rumanian crown council will mccl to cinch the agreement An authoritative account of the all night palace conferences in which telephone contact was main tained with Vienni and n parade of loaders consulted with King Carol said that at one stage Ru mania was told she must her decision within five minutes At a m this story said Foreign Minister Manoilescu with German Foreign Minister von Ribbenirop sitting beside him telephoned that he had bsen given five minutes in which In get a definite acceptance of the Vien na plan from Bucharest If the five minutes passed with out Rumanian official approval Ribbenirop was reported us hav ing said Rumania might face im a man from drowning in Rice Europe at moment wn Planes Invisible warplanes have been experiment ed with successfully for several years army air corps officials said Friday The armys disclosure followed f v 1 German claims that British plane covered with a secret varnish had j dissolved into complete v ity in the glare of searchlight bat teries defending Berlin British air circles said the re ports were a lot of nonsense in spired by German efforts to ex plain their failure to pick up Royal Air Force bombers in the same time the Auto Serviceman a trade publication for District of Columbia service stations carried a filler item describing a compound derived from graphite which when ap plied like paint makes a plane invisible after it has passed an al titude of 100 feet Graphite is the material m ordinary pencil lead The Hem gave no other details the earliest possible Addressing an enthusiasiic c of fellow townsmen lowans and farm delegations from several oihcr midwcstern states Wallace WES applauded when he expressed belief that the American people would not turn their backs on the man that Hitler wants to see de feated President Roosevelt has become the symbol of democracy par ticularly to the nations of North and South America the speaker said Hillcr must not be permitted In break the solidarity of the Americas he continued If the Americas present lo the axis powers the same divided front as the democracies of Europe presented to them we shall as suredly walk the same path of destruction and lost freedom The nominee charged the dictators have definite designs against this hemisphere and laid ihey hope to get rid of he un yielding Roosevelt in the com ing election They know that a political campaign is districting to our peo ple lie added and they know hike Thursday proved wasted after he had towed him several hundred feet to shore and it was i discovered that he hnd died of a heart attack Alfred Rebick 35 Tama died at the state park when he was stricken while In a rouboat and fell overboard Dr M M Hage Winnebago county cor oner decided after an autopsy which revealed that the man had not drowned Rebick a fanner was enroute to the Black Hills on a vacation trip with Milroy Nekolac also of Tama and the men had stopped to camp at Rice Lake that night They went for a boat ride and Rebick was stricken falling from Uie boat into the water His com panion cried for help and Glen Emmons of Emmons Minn who was golfing nearby heard him The Minnesota man could not swim sufficiently well however to bring Rebick to shore after swim ming from the shore to the spot where the boat had overturned Pion only 16 years old last Monday arrived on the scent in a truck driven by Clayton Troger 526 Seventeenth street southeast who was delivering soda pop The lad immediately stripped off his clothes and plunged into the lake Finding that he was unable to tow the two men he was forced to swim back to shore for a rope with which all three were pulled to shore He instructed older men how to begin resuscitation on Re bick until a physician arrived The body was taken to the An derson funeral home Thursday flight and Friday was taken overj land to Tama where riles will probably be held on Monday BALKANS PEACE IS BROUGHT BY AXIS PRESSURE Berlin Admits Nazii Fascists Forced to Take Strong Hand VIENNA under the whiplash of Germany and Italy surrendered about half of Transylvania to Hungary Friday Rumania made clear she was capitulating to what she re garded as the axis ultimatum that she cede most of her world province to Hungary Thus Germany and Italy in their chosen role of creators oC the new Europe overnight made the longhaggling Bulkan neigh bors settle their dispute under a threat ot force and in the nari ended the last territorial pro German motorized columns air force on the other MANEUVERS ARE HELD BY REDS Moscow Demands Early Satisfactory Answer in Rumanian Troubles MOSCOW UR Russias red fleet maneuvered in the Black sea and red army troops held tactical MHHUHIC maneuvers in the western special arise in connection wild the carrv districl Friday as the Moscow gov ing out of this arbitration award ernmcnt demanded an early and the Rumanian and A 1 lr i KOI HI 1 conflict in southeast Europe The Vienna arbitration ceedmgs ended Friday night willi signature of the protocol by the four foreign ministers concerned In it the Rumanian and Hungar ian statesmen go on record on be half of their governments as ex pressly recognizing the award asa final settlement and they obligate themselves to cony out its provi sions without reservation The seven point arbitration award of the axis powers iiol only made vast territorial changes in Hungarys favor but also opened possibilities for ex tensive changes of population H attempted further to procure full citizenship rights foi persons who as a result of the award will become naturalized subjects of a nation not of their birth It was estimated officially in Budapest that Hungary would re ceive about 17000 square or approximately Trin sylvunia In return Rumania received n GermanItalian guarantee of her nackedup frontier according to a DNB official German neivs agency announcement in Berlin Besides her submission to Hun gary Rumania recently has seen two other sixable areas of her territory Bessarabia to soviet Russia and the southern Dobruia to Bulgaria The axis guarantee it was said in Berlin is meant for a general guarantee of Rumanias shrivelled only her frontier with Russia but also with Hungary and Bulgaria in case any elements in those coun tries get the idea they can help themselves to more In Berlin authorized sources said they had no information on re ports that the German and Italian ambassadors in Moscow hod vis ited MoIotofC to discuss Balkan problems They insisted however that it has Irmg been known to all pow ers including soviet Russia thwl Germany considers the Balkans her special sphere of influence whereas Russia in her recent Phase of expansion merely wanted the frontiers of her former empire of the These sources said that with the acquisition of Bessarabia this had been accomplished and the gain of northern Bucovina had gone be yond this aim That Germany and Ilalvinlend lo stand by until the terms are fully carried out is indicated by the last point reading In case difficulties of doubts satisfactory army provocations i iv j Kill gOV anwer to Russian ornmonts will feek a direct un ist alleged Rumanian delstanding concerning them In case they do not succeed in i i use incy do not succeed in me official soviet news agency coming to an agreement nn Tass said that Russia would hold ccrning some question they will r t j j I submit this question to He rcirh government and the Italian gov ernment for final derision Rumania responsible for conse quences of alleged Rumanian army provocations on the Bessarabian frontier and it was said that the situation would take a grave turn if there were Russian casualties In addition to he Black sea fleet maneuvers the Russian navy also was conducting tactical submarine exercises in the ently off the Siberian maritime provinces Airplanes participated in all operations Reports said that planes photo graphed and bombed enemy ves sels in the Black sea and it was said that a scouting submarine penetrated a hostile naval base The armys tactical maneuvers in the western special military district fronting roughly on Pol and were watched closely by De fense Commissar Scmyon oshenko and Gen Kyril Alerctz kov chief of the aimy staff final negotiations to end the long leiTitorial dispute between the Balkan neighbors were con ducted in the ornate octangular sold room of Belvedere palace Friday afternoon Hungarian sourceestimated that the ceded area included 19 ron of Transylvanias 35000 square miles There still was no indication wheher in exchange of popula tions would be undertaken Both the German and Italian foreign ministers Joachim von Kibbcnlrop and Count Ciano read similar statement the purposes of the
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