Get 1 more page view just for clicking
to like us on Facebook
Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 20, 1940, Mason City, Iowa HIST MEM T frEpr or IOWA PCS H13 It NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVI THS NIWSPAPIR THAT MAKfS ALL NORTH IOWANS HIIGHiOaS HOME EDITION ASSOCIATED PRESS AM LEASH WHOM MASON CITY THE BRIGHT L SPOT J MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JULY 20 1940 THIS PAPEft CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 246 2 ESCAPED IOWA CONVICTS CAUGHT Nazis TurnPropaganda Guns Against British GERMANS SEEK TO CAUSE RIFT AMONGBRITONS Great Britain Keeps Scornful Silence to Hitler Last Appeal By THE ASSOCIATED PKESS Genmany turned radio propa ganda guns on the British public Saturday warning oC the deatli and destruction it may face if it persists in refusing to take Adolf Hitlers final road to peace The ttazi objective seemed to be to sow distrust of their leadership in British minds An English translation of Hitlers speech Friday was broadcast again and again to England Elsewhere the impression grew that Hitlers longthreatened at tack in force against the United Kingdom had come closer Informed sources in Berlin agreed the first reception in Brit ain of Hitlers appeal to reason was discouraging rowdy and rude but said this was the plutocratic clique speaking German expectations turned in stead upon toe British man in the street s The German high command tallied up new operations against Britain in a report that nazi bombers had blasted har bors antiaircraft defenses and supply stations sunfc a 5000 ton merchant ship damaged three other vessels and de Support Willkie Campaign Wallace Expected to Be succeeded in Post by Agriculture Chief In these forays high command only three German planes were lost against 27 Brit ish planes shot down In the ItalianBritish naval warfare in the Mediterranean the ltalian high command admitted the loss of the cruiser Bartolomeo Colleoni but at the same time claimed that a British warship had been sunk by bombs in a threehour fight Official Britain scornfully maintained silence on tlie nazi fuehrers last appeal to rea meaningr peace on Ills own terms But there were in timations thai Prime Minister Churchill who already has de clared we shall seek no terms we shall tolerate no parley might deliver Britains answer in the house of commons on Tuesday In Berlin informed German sources said any British hint of interest in Hitlers offer would hold off for the time being the longthreatened mass attack on the British Isles While Britain took another step toward meeting that attack by shaking up her high army com mand Secretary of State Hull ar rived at Havana for the Pan American conference on hemis phere defense and economy bringing with him the delegates hoped some plan for decisive sc lion that might overcome Argen tinas unwillingness lo go along in any measure that might hamper her trade with Germany and oth WASHINGTON that Secretary of Agriculture Hen ry A Wallace soon would resign to campaign actively for the RooseveltWallace ticket circu lated here Saturday amid growing sentiment of antithird term dem ocrats to bolt the party Wallace the democratic vice presidential nominee reported ly would be succeeded in the cabinet by Marvin Jones of the house agriculture committee strong biparlisan congressional support for the appointment al ready has developed President Roosevelt apparently indifferent to the political devel opments cruised down the Poto mac river to rest up for his ef forts to win another four years in the white house He planned to re turn late Saturday and then per haps Saturday night or Sunday night entrain for his home in Hyde Park N Y A number of democratic party leaders including a group of prominent antinew dealers ap peared in agreement on not sup porting Mr Itoosevelt for a third term But there was considerable difference on the question of whether to walk into republican ranks under Wendell L Willkie Vance C McCormick who as chairman of the party in 1916 directed Woodrow Wilsons re eleetion campaign announced through his newspaper the Harrisbnrr Pa Patriot that lie would support WiUkie He said the renomination of Mr Roosevelt breaks the third term tradition as well as the hearts of millions of democrats who had hoped the dangerous and economic policies of the new deal would be repudiated and the party rededicated to its fundamental principles Senator Ellison D Cotton Ed Smith D S Car an intended victim of Mr Roosevelts 1D38 political purge joined Scnator Edward R Burke D Nebr in refusing to back the president for reelection Unlike Burke however he said he would not support Willkie Stephen F Chadwick last years national commander of the American Legion son of a lifeIonff democratic judge in Washington State Friday an nounced that he would support Willkie He said that a de signed third term developed un der force draft that presents a real danger to the perpetuity of our institutions Burke was the first prominent democrat to bolt the party and join the Willkie much as former Gov Alfred E Smith of New York did four years ago when he went to the extent of making a speech in behalf of Alf M Landon the G O Ps 193G standard bearer He predicted that democrats who feel as I would form a national organization protest against Mr Roosevelts candidacy He displayed a telegram from James W Mellen chairman of the BILL DESIGNED gitler Speech ATTWOOCEAN VANCE McCOUMICK uuiiiKs iv meiien cnairman ot the nations Jeffersonian democrats Califor suggested that all our The new British prepared ness measure was the eleva tion of Lieut Gen Sir Alan Brooke to chief of home de fense forces Sir Alan who had held the im portant southern command re places Gen Sir Edmund Ironside who was made a field marshal to be available either as an adviser jr in active service Gen C J E Auchinleck was named to the southern command and Viscount Gorl who headed ihe British expeditionary force in France was named inspector gen eral to forces for training The general reaction to Hil Icrs threats to destroy the British empire was that he made no concrete proposals and that his speech was old stuff The press told Hitler he spoke in vsin The British said they shot down four German bombers and seven fighter planes in two big aerial battles Friday and believed they got another early Saturday over southeast Scotland Five British planes were miss ing the air ministry reported The Germans contended that 15 British planes were shot down Friday and that none of their own was lost The British reported their own kind of democrats meet at some central point to form a national organization Smith said he believed the third term nomination is an end to de mocracy as we have known it On the other hand he added I will not vote the republican ticket The opinions of other victors over the 1938 democratic purge attempt Senators Guy Gillette of Iowa Millard E Tydings of Maryland and Walter F George of Georgia were matters of spec ulation Former Representative John J OConnor D X Y only victim of the purge already has promised to seek Mr Koosc vclfs defeat Another antinew deal demo crat opposing the third term is Senator Hush D Holt D W Va but whether he will throw his sup port to Willkie is unknowrh He is prepared to introduce in the sen ate an antithird term resolution similar to one introduced during the latter part of the Coolidge ad ministration Sheppard and Elmer Thomas Other democrats who approved it included Tydings and Senators Carte K Wh all generally regarded as antinew dealers Wallace has not given officials any intimation of his plans But most of them agreed that he probably would relinquish his cabinet post to make a vigorous speaking campaign They said he probably would make known his plans after a conference with Mr Roosevelt No law or precedent would re iKc Wallace to resign it was said but it would be difficult for him to speak both as agriculture sec retary aifcl as a nominee for an elective office Belief that Wallace would make an extensive speaking campaign was strengthened by Mr Roosevelts statement that world conditions will keep him close to the white house Wallace is re garded asan excellent speaker FLEET IS SIGNED Gigantic Fleet Would Be Capable of Meeting Any Enemy Combination WASHINGTON Roosevelt has signed into law a bill authorizing a expansion of the navy designed to give the United States a two ocean fleet capable of meeting any possible hostile combination The white house announced the signing Saturday while Mr Roose velt was cruising on the Potomac river The chief executive already had asked congress to provide to start work on the new program which when com pleted in 194LG or 1947 would five the nation a total of 701 fighting craft built around the worlds most powerful single aggregation of capital dreadnaughts In addition to about 200 new surface ships and submarines to cost with the addi tional facilities they will require the new law authorized the navy to acquire for a total of la000 airplanes fifty per cent more than the previously autho rized maximum If the president deems them necessary even more may be or dered NazisrRrA F Battle Near British Coast A SOUTHEAST ENGLISH PORT Air Force de fenders and a squadron of more than a score1 of German dive bombers escorted by fightei planes fought a blazing halfhour battle off the southeast coast Sat urday night when the nazi raiders attacked a convoy of British ships GUY GILLETTE BACKS TICKET Candidates Secondary lo Party Principles Fowa Senator States CHEROKEE The Hoose veilWallace democratic national ticket will have tlie support ot Senator Guy a I Gillette in tiie tall The senator who trimmed the new dealers in a purge primary they directed against him two years ago said Saturday he would support the choice of Ihe demo craiic majority He idSed that lit would vrn tinue to be a democrat s lony as bfisic principles of the party are the same as my own and i termed candidates secondary to The latter resolution declaring t Parlys principles The German stukas dived time after time at the ships releas sr Glass Peter Gerry Burton inK salvos of bombs which sent Wheeler and Willam H King geysers of water shooting sky wards Smoke from the explosives vir tually obscured the vessels as the British fighters swept in to ok the convoy f if In a few seconds the sky was alive with planes and bursting antiaircraft shells It was such a furious scrap that spectators watching from coastal cliffs scarcely could distinguish thi German planes from the British The British finally broke up the German formations and the attackersstreaked hack across the channel with n A planes on their laiis Observers said at least fou German planes were downed On plane plunged straight into hi sea The air ministry announce Saturday night that last nigh our bombers attacked enemy air dromes and seaplane bases alon the coast of northwest German and northern Holland They bombed aircraft factorie at Wismar on the Baltic coast a Wenzendorf near Hamburg and a Bremen tiie senate to be opposed to third terms was supported unsuccess ranging deep intf fully by such stalwart new deal 3ermanhcid terrii crs as Senate Democratic Leader rjombcis were Germany and German One of the objectives Bark fey and Denio iKmbc6 was the great Krupp era lie Senators Robert F Wagner ainamcnt and works vt A st Lsscn The ssnaior has strongly op posed a thhti term for the i dcat instead Secretary BRITISH RAID NORTH AFRICA Bombers Reported to Have Scored Direct Hits Against Enemy CAIRO Royal Ai Force communique said Saturday that British bombing planes in widespread raids over North Af rica had scored direct hits 01 enemy shipping presumably Ital itin in Tobruk harbor principa Libyan sea port Five large fires the communi que said were started when Brit ish planes soared over El Gubb and dropped high explosives o strategic targets Planes from the Soulh Africa air force were reported lo carried out successful raids f was Ncahclli airdrome wrecking or ominalO of j Italisn bomber on the ground icr the viw presidency I severely damaging three others Henry A for tiie I tioi lie MI i f i Thinks Writer By DEWITT MACKENZIE A P News Analyst Hitlers peace speech leaves the tuation just where it was un ess the British government sues or which Pre nier Churchill less than a week So declared never would happen This being the ease Europe must endure a conflict which as Hitler says canend only with the complete annihilation of one or the other of the two adver saries Well thats what this war tarted out to fight to a irush between Germany and thats likely to be he way it winds up The nazi chieftain says he nows that this will bring upon he people unending suffering md misery but that he has re ieved his conscience towards the hings that will then come if this ast appeal to reason is unheeded by England Tlie reichstas speech also was intended as a tonic for the Ger man people Win or lose I think they have hard times ahead of them I cant escape the feeling that Hitler would give much if he 6uld secure peaceat this time Of course it would be on his erms but lie could afford to nake heavy concessions to Britain if he could keep his present con quests without having to fight to hold them X if it lie says he is going to win an he certainly has a iighttoa grea degree of confidence The odd perhaps are in his favor In undertakingto invade Eng land if he does he will be es saying a feat which would ap pall the average military lead er He is as Prime Minister Churchill has said coming up against a bigger proposition than he has heretofore encoun tered Some neutral observers concede Britain a f i g h I i n g chance to win Hcrr Hitler knows that if e doesnt defeat his enemy quickly and the war is drawn out Ger many stands a big chance to lose because of severance from essen tial supplies by the British block ade In any event the coming wintei promises terrible suffering for al Europe Experts are predicting famine and the disease which al ways accompanies it I was much struck Saturday morning by a little item from Washington An economic report received from Germany by the commerce department says po tatoes grain and other com modities are being on military airports especially in corners and sides which can be spared from war purposes This doesnt mean that Ger many is hungry already It is ai exhibition of German efficiency Still such extreme measures be speak a fear of the future Ove Germany as well as the rest o the continent hangs the threat o the hunger which overtook th reich in the World war an forced its surrender The Weathei WEEKLY FORECAST CHICAGO out look for the week beginning Alon day Upper Mississippi Valley am the northern Great Plains Parti1 cloudy weather with scatterci Ihundershowers about middle o week Temperatures above nor mal first half near normal half of week FORECAST IOWA Partly cloudy scat tered showers and thunder storms extreme west Saturdav night and southwest Sunday not quite so warm northwest and extreme west Saturday night MINNESOTA Tartly cloudy Saturday night and Sunday scattered showers extreme northeast Saturday night not quite so warm south Saturday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistic Saturday Maximum Friday 100 Minimum in night At 8 a m Sattirdav YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 5S FIRST MENTION OF LONG WAR MADE BY NAZIS Before Hitler Talk Germans Predicted Quick End to War J W T MASON United War Expert Chancellor Hitlers reichstag to the British empire to eek peace or face destruction was ccompanied by assurances to the Jerman people that Germanys food supplies are assured how ver long the war may last This eference to a lengthy war is the irst Hitler has made Hitherto Jerman predictions have been lased on a quick conclusion of the conflict the end of this summer icing the extreme date The fuehrer further staled lhat our productive capacity is on the increase and within a short time will le sufficient for our requirements even if uur imports should cease Here too is Hitters first revelation that German productive capacity is as yet inadequate for war conditions and his first admis sion that Germany faces cessa tion of imports due of course to the British blockade The premise that productive ea pacity soon will be adequate i not sustained by Hitlers refer ence to a possibly complete pre vention of imports The war is in month during most ot which time Germany has been imports of essential materials through jieu tral countries and because the British blockade had not complete ly covered all means of ingress Now however German occupa tion of Norway Denmark Holland and Belgium and Italys bellig erency have permitted the British government to cease its liberal treatment of supply ships bound lo those countries During the past Lwo months effectiveness of the British blockade has been much increased There can be no doubt that Germany is now receiving much less imported material than in the first eight months of the war So if the German produc tive capacity is stilt insufficient due of course to lack of essential imports it is difficult to see how the deficiency can be overcome with the British blockade grow ing more rigid The fundamental importance Hitler attributes o the British blockade is shown by his pro motion of Goerius to the new rank of reich field marshal in recognition of Goerings organi zation of domestic supplies But Germany has not yet reached the level of selfsufficiency especially with a long war he FUiniiiff to be visualized by the German high command There is strange liberality in Hitlers promotion of 12 German generals to the rank of field mar shal The marshals baton is the most prized award for German military ability It has been grant ed in the past only on rare occa sions and never by wholesale The minor operations in Nor way and the six weeks fighting in Belgium and France cannot possibly have provided opportuni ties for creating 12 field mar shals judging by past standards of accomplished established by Frederick the Great Fourteen more generals have been made colonelgenerals and many other commanders have been advanced o higher rank Never before has Germany seen such lavish honnr paid to mili tary leaders Hitler has thus hound to himself all the highest directors of the German army If the war becomes long and if Germany does not reach selfsuf ficiency and especially it the Ger man attack against Great Britain does not succeed Hitler may well need the personal loyalty of all the field marshals and colonel generals he has newly created Secretary Wallace Vacations at Home Is Greeted by 300 DES MOINES of Agriculture Henry A Wallace the democratic partys nominee for vice president was vacation ing at his home here Saturday He arrived Friday night from Chicago and was greeted fay mom than nn cheering friends and neighbors as he stepped from train LOWELL HAENZE HAENZE QUIZZED BY FBI AGENTS Nebraska Minnesota Iowa Kansas and U S Seek Custody of Bandit LINCOLN Nebr bureau of investigation agents Sat urday questioned Louell Haenze escaped Iowa convict bank robber and gunman to determine which of several states shall have cus tody of him Warden Joseph OGrady said Haenze was confined in ihe state prison for safe keeping and thnt he did not know where the bandit would be taken from here Iowa Nebraska Minnesota Kansas and the federal govern ment have potential claims on Haenze He fled the Fort Madi son Iowa penitentiary last month then returned July 8 and in attempt to spring a chum William Cunningham a guard Bill Hart was fatally shot Cun ningham wounded killed him self llacnze refused lo talk when car ried into the prison Friday night and treated for bullet wounds in his legs suffered when he was cap tured in n gun battle at Marysville Kans Friday But he told officers he robbed the Diller Nebr state bank of Friday with a companion Ivan Sullivan escaping in a stolen car abandoned atMarysville He is suspected of having robbed the Wilber Nebr State bank on June 29 ot with Sullivan and Forrest Estes but he disclaimed any knowledge of it The trio is suspected of having robbed the Winthrop Minn bank PATROLMEN IN MISSOURI FIND IVAN SULLIVAN 956 in Money Belt of Convict Escaped From Fort Madison ST JOSEPH Mo Two bursts of gun fire in the Sunday school loom of a church and a baffling dead end street brought about the recapture of two es caped Iowa convicts who had robbed a bank then kidnapped motorists stolen cars and fought pistol battles in panicstricken flight One convict Lowell 27 of Sleepy Kye Minn slumped to tiie floor of tin church at Marysville Kans Friday with bullet wounds in his legs after he was beaten to the draw by Leo Schramm as sistant city marshal of the northeast Kansas toirn The other convict Ivan Sulli van 29 was so contused Satur day at Atchison Kans by a dead end street that he jumped from his stolen automobile as a pur suing officer fired at him made his slow way across the Missouri river into Missouri where two highway officers pounced on him Why dont you shoot me Theyve been shooting at me all night he said turning over his automatic pistol Haenze confessed to Marys ville city marshal Tom Blod jrett the holdup of the Diller Nebr slate bank Friday lie hud in his pocket Sullivan carried 51936 and told St Jo sephs police captain K T An drews that the bank loot totaled Nebraska bank officials placed it at Twenty shots were fired as 150 citizens look part in the chase al Marysville The two robbers ivere sur prised liy Klodeett and Howard Helcker deputy sheriff at a bus depot They fled through a crowd ot shoppers exchanging shots with the ofcers irienze rici into the Christian church through a basement en trance nnd was cornered in a Sun day room Sciirnmvn shouted to ilatmze to surrender but thi talk his IICKJ Htd the bandit shook leveled his re volvei Before he could fire Schramm fired twice tlie bullets striking JIaenze in both legs Haenzes companion abducted Elmer Anderson garage opera tor and forced him at the point of two revolvers to drive through the town at high speed A shot fired by Heleker struck one of the rear tires Anderson slowed down at a stop sign wrenched the door open and rolled out The bandit took ihe wheel and drove off The tire went flat llz miles southeast of town The robber then abandoned Ihe machine and forced Francis Mcs sick 12 year old farmer to set out his car and the two drove away together At Blainc Kans slate high way nolrolmen sighted the bandits car but the robber evaded capture by driviug off a side road into timber until darkness came He then drove to Westmoreland SO miles south of here and released Messick unharmed At DCS Moines R W Nebergall chief of the Iowa bureau of in vestigation said every effort FUUCU me wimnrop Minn bank saia every effort lis week but Haenze refused to vvoud be made lo return Ik about that either prosecution of a murder chargi m the slaying ot a Fort Madisoi Mr and Mrs Don Ameche Parents of Their Fourth Son HOLLYWOOD r1t actor Don Ameche who recently cumI pletcd a picture called Sons acquired his fourth son Saturday The boy was born to Mrs Amc chc on the first anniversary of the birth of their third son Thomas The other children are Donald Bj and Ronald The Ameche family now ranks with that of Bing Crosby four sons and Eddie Cantor five daughters as among the largest in the film colony DESERTED BY DADDY CHICAGO WMr Lillian Van Kruin Coien 23 a ong writ er was granted a divorce iftcr lestifyrve that her husband took pxccplion o H sorts she hod 1cn and deserted her The soiv j jjrnvrrcn sin I That gray haired daddy of mine i as revolvers lying prison guard The trio of fugitives allegedly tried to aid their pats in a prison break July 8 Bill Jlart a guard was shot in the melee and died the next day William Cunningham serving a life sen tence was wounded twice then killcil himself with a shotgun which Hacnze Estcs and Sulli van had brought In addition to the Diller ron hcry Uftcnzc and Sullivan were identified as the bandits who held up the Winthrop Minn state bank Wednesday and fled with The trio also is rharged with holding up the Wilbcr Ncbi bank 25 miles north of Diller on June 29 Haenze denied this rob bery Capt William Baxter of the Missouri highway patrol at Kan sas City aid the three bandits participated in Missouri an d lown filling station robberies in which the loot totaled 54000 Bax ter added the tlio had accumu lated an aicnal that included vcvcral and a high automatic rifle as well
Once upon a time newspapers were our main source of information. Now those old newspapers are a reliable source for hundreds of years of history and secrets of the past. Now you can search for people, places, and events without the hassle of sorting through mountains of papers!
Newspaper Archive is the world's largest online newspaper database featuring over 155+ million newspaper pages. Plus our database expands by one newspaper page per second for a total of around 2.5 million pages per month! The value of your membership grows along with it.
Those looking to find out more about their forefathers can empower their genealogy search with Newspaper Archive. Within our massive database, users can search ancestors' names for news stories and obituaries. We must understand our past to understand our future!
24 hours a day Monday-Saturday
Your full introductory membership payment will be credited toward the cost of full membership any time you choose to upgrade!
"It is amazing how easy and exciting it is to access all of this information! I found hundreds of articles about my relatives from Germany! Well worth the subscription!" - Michael S.
"I love this site. It's interesting to read articles about different family members. I've found articles as well as an obituary about an uncle who passed away before I was born, and another about a great aunt. It's great for helping with genealogy." - Patricia T.
"A great research tool. Allows me to view events and gives me incredible insight into the stories of the past." - Charles S.