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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 4, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION VOL XLVI ASSOCIATED PKZffl LEASED WIRES THE NEWSPAPtR THAT MAKES ALL KORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS uabar Patriot1 auJuag ii Aistonc speech in the Virginia conventio Karcfi 1175 MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JULY 4 GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVE ME DEATH ENDENCE Alrmghty God I know no what course others may lake but as for me GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVF ME DEATH Adoption of the Declaration of Independ ence by the Continental Congress July 4 1776 BRfflSHBLASLSEIZE FRENCH NAVY BILLIONS MORE FOR DEFENSE IN U S INDICATED Immense Expansion Proposal to Go Before Congress Next Week WASHINGTON Billions more for defense was the wore Thursday as the United States ob served the 164th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence and there were indications that the immense new preparedness request would be followed by recommendations training program for a youth Ivotice that a new defense program was in the mak ing came from the white house Wednesday after President Roose velt and his chief defense advisers gave if theirapprovaL Matching in size the 55000 000000 already voted for the current fiscal year the supple mentary plans were mapped to hasten the nation toward flic of a 50000 plane air force and to procure tanks artillery ami other equipment in mass production quantities for Ihc n R army The immense expansion propos al will be placed before congress next week officials said Congress probably will be asked to make outright appropriations for about half the new program and to pro vide authorizations for the re mainder leaving the additional funds to be voted later With this new defense message from the president in prospect well informed legislators said that within 10 days Mr Rooseveit was likely to send congress an other communication on the sub e su ject of compulsory national serv ice for the countrys youth One compulsory senice pro posal the Burke Wadsworth military training bill already is pending on capital bill Com mittees in both houses planned in proceed with its considera tion without awaiting the chief executives recommendations Gen John J Pershiiif President James B Conlmt of Harvard indorsed a compulsory mihlary training law Wednesday and urged the senate military Rumania Put in Control of ProNazis BUCHAREST Caro 11 named a new staunchly pro German government Thursday a unconfirmed reports circulate persistently in the capital that So viet Russia had made new de mands on Rumania The demands as yet not con firmed officially were said to call for soviet control of all bridges along the Prut and Dan ube rivers where these rivers form the new SovietRumanian frontier The new cabinet under the leadership of Ion Gigurtu staunch friend of nazi Germany was quickly formed It included 10 former members of the pronazi iron guard and lour former mem bers of the antisemitic Goga gov ernment which early in 1938 in augurated a reign of terror against Jews before it was dismissed hv King Carol Diplomatic observers Thursday feared new outbreaks of ani semitic violence as these men re turned to office Gigurtu succeeded Gheorghe Tatarescu whose proallied gov ernment resigned Thursday morn ing as students ranged Bucharest streets m antisemitic demonstra tions and many wounded were re ported in antiJewish disturb ances throughout the country Like Hitler and Mussolini Gi gurtu becomes the chief of the government as well as the head of the nations single political party Vicepremier in the new cabinet is General Mihail lonescu known as the armys strongest discipli narian ministry of interior 1 rf Jmenor is headed by the ironguardist Gen eral Jon Stanaciu Another irohguardist Nichifor Crainic heads the propaganda ministry and the portfolio of cul lhe of the Horia Sima L also neaacd by an ironguardist Mi ail fManoiiescu while national defense is in the hands of Gcn ind Gl former mem in ber of the Goga cabinet While the new defense program was being considered at a white house conference Wednesday the senate naval committee voted to recommend passage of the house approved two ocean navy bill which would authorize a 70 per cent increase in the fleets strength Chairman Walsh DMass told reporters he understood that funds to make a start on Inis huffe undertaking would be requested in the new 53000 000 000 program Informed estimates were that 51000000000 would IK sought for the army and the rest for the navy As the twoocean fleet meas ure now stands it would authorize a sixyear 54000000000 construc tion Program to add 200 fighting ships There is also provision for auxiliary vesseis and 15000 planes more if the navy secretary deems them necessary The naval committee gave unan imous approval to the bill alter it Si 9 to 5 to report favor ably the nomination of Col Frank Knox Chicago publisher to be secretary of the navy Senate leaders planned to start consideration Monday of Knox nomination and that of Henry L btimson as secretary of war The military committee approved btimson s nomination Tuesday ARREST 25 GERMANS SINGAPORE five Germans were arrested and Informed politicai quarters expressed the belief KinV Carol the time beinjr at haps something like Vil tono Emanuele in Italy ihfhavc been many that the pronazi iron guard has abdfcatton of King Carol as the man personally responsible for the loss of Bes sarabia and northern Bucovina to the e urged British Houses Damaged by Germans German air squadrons appear Roosevelt in July 4 Message AppealsforNational Unity Urges Determination him to stay Talarcscus had tojfciiiiLion n a ti been the cards since the gov ernments recent renunciation of r tenitorial integrity in favor of or ientation toward Germany lowan Told That He Had Fallen 30 Feet Says it Was Brother o 1 a d 31 Negro fell from a Des 30 t0p a storm sewer Unconscious Carter was rushed by police to a hospital where phy sicians reported that he was unin jured but that he had been drink ing jail interned by police Thursday dawn On the way to the city j Carter regained consciousness Informed he had fallen off a bridge and was lucky to be alive Carter replied Oh no you cant hold thai against me H wasnt my brother Police booked him for intoxication URGE STRONGER JAP ATTITUDE Japanese Army Would Stiffen Opposition to British in Far East TOKIO army was eported authoritatively Thursday o be planning a new and stronger emand that the government titten its foreign policy to meet stiffened British attitude in the ar east It was expected here thnt Bril in would refuse Japans kiteit ccmcst that it stop the shipment f supplies to the Chinese rm onahst government at Chung ing through British Burma British Ambassador Robert L aigie visited Vice Foreign Min ster Tani Thursday to inform him hat he had not yet received a eply from London but expected t within a week A Domei Japa ese news agency dispatch from ondon reported that the reply was cxpected soon and would be negative The new army demand des pite the announcement that its ob jection to the weak foreign af fairs pronouncement made Satur day by Foreign Minister Hachiro Arita bad been settled was said to insist on a policy based on Ger manys present ascendancy in Europe cu DV me Capt Yuzura Okuma of the constitution took a recess civiiw w said ihn ctnnnann r its members opportunity to pnr lo Banish Religious Bigotry Racial Hatred By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The nalion that grew from 13 struggling colonies celebrated Jhursday the anniversary of theii declaration of independence President Boosevelt took the oc casion to appeal for n declaration of national unity to supplement the historic declaration which sig nalized the countrys birth in 1776 Nothing couW be more m this troubled year of 1940 he wrote m a letter to the council against intolerance in America I wish that there michl be formulated in the heart of every American on Independence flay his year a firm determination lhat ire should forever banish frnm our minds and thoughts every vcslisc of racial hatred ana religious bipolrv V At thousands of Fourth of July celebrations throughout the land patriotic addresses also stressed theneed for national unity and national preparedness President Roosevelt at his Hyde Park N Y home for the week end attended the formal presen tation to the government of the Franklm D Roosevelt library The library erected on his estate papers house his private and official Congress which has been work ing to provide for the common diracted navy said the stoppage of war supplies to the Chungking gov ernment has an important bear ing on settlement of the China aiiair and that the government was awaiting the British reply grave concern and firm determination The Weather FORECAST IOWA VXD MINNESOTA Tliursilay IN MASON CITY weather statis GlobeGazelte tics Maximum Wednesday Minimum Wednesday At S a m Thursday YEAR AGO Minimum Rain 7G night 8 71 84 52 11 Ir i kjr HJ iicipate in patriotic exercises i Washington and elsewhere if if Tlie capitals observance of the day will be closed Thurs day nicht by the reading of Ihc ucclaralion of Independence at the foot of the Washington mnnnment by Representative ID Va The hazards of fire works brought warnings from medical and safety leaders who cited last ejlns casualty list of 13 killed and 5 SCO injured Similarly highway ofncials joined in urging a safe and sane Fourth on roads heavy with holiday traffic BELL IS SOUXDED PHILADELPHIA UR The J ii iVS m i d Philadelphia 0 usher in s daylong activities j commemorating he anni versary of the signing of the Dec laiation of Independence CANCEL WEST MARINE STRIKE Formula Is Based on Bridges Proposal Plea Is Sent by Perkins SAN FRANCISCO strike was cancelled Thursday only a matter of a few minutes after the midnight dead line which was to have sent CIO marine cooks and stewards to the picket lines to blockade 175 American flag ships Tiie union in full membership meeting at a m voted with a unanimous roar of approval to ratify the memorandum peace formula adopted after midnight by tJieir negotiators They won a 10 per cent wage adjustment The formula was bared on a proposal by Harry Bridges and acceptance came halt nn hour aft er Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins wired an urgent peace plea to the union Bridges California CIO direc tor had been asked to intervene by Sidney Hillman CIO vice president and member of the Ka tional Defense committee Secretary Perkins telegram pointed out that the union had won several concessions but that on one primary issue the em ployers position has merit This was the demand of the em ployer group the PacificAmeri can Shipowners association for the right to choose key employ ers such as chief from union lists rather than ac cept the unions strict rotation principle Deluge of Requests or Birth Affidavits is Reported in Iowa DES MOINES stale department of health reported Thursday that a deluge of re quesls for birth affidavits during he first six months of 1910 had icon the largest in the history of owa vital records National de ense measures were said to have caused the increase Mayo Tolman director the statistics division said hat ndustries engaged in national de cnse work must employ only ihzcns of the United States and hat as a result hundreds of for mer lowans in such industries are ceking affidavits j A total of 7661 persons re1 uestcti birth affidavits through une this year nearly 1000 more luc period of 1939 the previous high year MAJOR BATTLE IS PROVIDED IN PORT OF ORAN Mediterranean Clash Resulted When French Rejected Ultimatum BY THE ASSOCIATED TRESS Terrific sea battles hctweei British and French fleets with th Italian warfleel rushing to aid ill French wcre reported raging ii the Mediterranean and the Allan tic Thursday as Britain fought t keep her surrendered allys navj from falling into axis hands DNB the official German news agency gave an account of the apparently major fight at the Mediterranean port ot Oran 275 miles Gibraltar on the North African coasX which indicated that the British had all but smashed the backbone of Frances larg est in the world V Dispatches from Geneva sail i fierce battle was also in prog ress between the British and French at Casablanca Front 1 Morocco The Geneva dispatch said Ital ian battleships were speeding un der forced draft to help the re portedly badlycrippled Frencl ships under attack at Oran Casablanca on the Atlantii toast southwest of Gibraltar i about 400 miles west of Oran 1 Hie Mediterranean clash precipitated Wednesday eve ning when the French com mander refused to submit o a Ghour British ultimatum two French battleships were re ported set aflame a third was blown up and a fourth with smaller warships escaped un der fire London reports said British boarding parties had rounded up all French ships in an English port and that many othei French ships were taken over the British navy Wcdncsdnv with out incident Premier Marshal retain had previously ordered the French navy to fight its way home if necessary to escape British con trol Loiiff range British shelling Llrfi huBe new French battleships the 26500lon Dun kcrquc and the 22189ton Pro vence according to the DNB account The French flolilla leader vlogador was also fired and was reported now burning in Oran harbor The 22183ton battleship Bre lasne sister ship of the Provence s blown up when it hit a mine Ib said while attempting to run the British gantlet The battleship Strasbourg sis er ship of the Dunkerque suc ceeded in fighting her wny out to open mediterranean waters along with five flotilla leaders 1 num ber of torpedo boats and nannes The Dunkerque one of the fin est ships in the French navy com pleted m 1935 carried eight 13 Tnl guns completed samc 7 also commanded French warships to top all British merchantmen cn ountcrcd on the high seas I was not explained but if inspired by German authorities in control of France it would be a contradiction of noi said s sa Hitler had the French BERLIN British air laue carried Illustrious has rc eived a torpedo hit the German pl high command announced Thurs day A submarine commanded bv Fasi Lieutenant Endrasz effected torpedo hit on the newest Bril h airplane carrier Illustrious a communique said giving no fur ther details Tlie high command also re ported air attacks on Britains channel and North Sea quays coastal fortiricalions airport barracks and arms plants Among the establishments bombed Wed nesday it said wcre camp at Aldershot plant at Reading and coastal batteries near Nev an army an airplane heavy Haven Ranging the sea German air raiders were said to have scored two heavy bomb liils on a lare vesselnn a British criijviy British airmen said to have been bcnefitfed by lowhanging clouds bombed several points Wednesday in northern and werl crn Germany unscrupulously at tacking the civilian population according to the high In Hamburg and Barmbeck bombs killed n children three SINK WARSHIPS WHICH REFOSED TO SURRENDER Churchill Reports 3 Battleships 6 Cruisers and 8 Destroyers Held LONDON of tiie British fleet blasted French war ships that retviscd to surrender in North African waters Prime Min ister Winston Churchill told the house or commons Thursday in disclosing Hint Britain had seized three French battleships s i c cruiscrs eight destroyers and many smaller vessels including women and one man it wis said while 11 other children and nine women were injured The communique also noted largest submarine ILUttJU British raids over Belgium and the Netherlands Wednesday night but said they caused no noteworthy damage SixBritish planes were reported destroyed as against four missing from the German air force navy permission lo do anything it pleases against the British fleet Britains royal navy opened fire on the French worships at Mers EIKebir naval base near Oran 27 miles east of Gibraltar after the French commander refused lo sixhour ultimatum to or surrender Among units engaged in the bat was reported were three Jritish battleships nn aircraft car icr three cruisers and a flolilla ot smaller fighting croft French orces included Hie bat Dunkerque md Stras scuttle them Icslups JOUlg IJiuler the terms of the axis dictated armistice all French tvarcraff were to return to home or neutral ports but the British Kovernment more than a week ago served notice that the French had broken their prom ises not to let the fleet fail into enemy hands and hat Britain would relax no effort to keep the French ships undpr British command The British ministry of informa ion citing the fact that France vas relying upon the promises of and Italy not to use their leet against Britain declared British government hav ng lost ail faith in promises made y he governments ot Germany nc Italy felt that they were com ellecl vas too tile worlds the Surcouf Churchill said that the Brit ish fearful thai the 804000lon r31chJ1eetJ wouliil fall German or Italian handsfbr iise against the British Isles had taken over French warships In British ports and hart Kivnn olhcrs al tlie North African port of Oran six hours to agree tn Iwhl on with Britain sail to British ports or he soultled When the ultimatum expired nd the French at Oran refused British aircraft to comply three big battleships cruisery an nllliuL carrier and light ships opened and inflicted heavy casualties The fate of the French ships listed as follows by the prime minister French and to take steps before it late lo ensure that the rench fleet should not be used gainst them nemy common Except for the unite engaged in hursday s battle the British an arently had most of the French leet under control The French national commit tee m London refusing to accept Premier retains surrender said no capital ship of the French navy has fallen into German or Italian hands Although Hitler badly needs the rench most power ul in his threaicncd ivasion of Britain nazis insisted lat Germany has no intention of aking possession of it Bretngne type wax sunka sister ship was heavily damaged two destroyers and an aircraft earner sunk or burning The bat tle cruiser Strasbourg or Dun kerque hit by a torpedo but with some other French warships ficd and reached Toulon IV BRITISH IOKTST o French battleships two liyht cruisers a number submarines and about 200 smaller craft wcre seized One French officer and H British sailor were killed and two British officers one British sailor and one French officer were wounded in taking over the BHO on Surcoiif IN battleship four cruificrs H number of 5mnlleiships held in port nn British orders About BOO or 900 French sailors have joined up with the British as have a number of submarines Churchill said and such Fremh ships as are not inBritish hands will be relentlessly pursued Churchill his eyes filling with tears as he completed the slory of British naval war against France said that he feared a heavy loss of life among the French at Oran because ot the power of the Bril ivh attack As a result of Ihc operations he said IarBC of French fleet has fallc British hamls or been put out of action while Italian fieri kept prudently out of the way We shall ake the necessarv stops lo maintain command of tlie Mediterranean Churchill said just before commons went into se cret session again de nied lhat there was anv talk of peace with Germany Churchills statement ended the mystery of the French fleet lourth largest in the world which had been ordered by the French government of Marshal Henr Phihppe Pelain to accept terms of the armistice with Germany The British prime minister prr viously had said fate of the French warships was a factor of great al hough not decisive importance in csfeLy the British Isles and hat he had no faith in Adolf J1H Crancc lhat 1he snips would not be used izainci Brilain Churchill said lhat many trench naval units which had
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