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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 1, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVI ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS fVLL iZASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY THI NIWSPAMR THAT MAKB ALL NORTH WWAW WMIUOKS MASON CITY IOWA HOME EDITION MASON CITV THI MIGHT WOT r u j wu ELttrilONS I ONE NO 229 HUNGARY PUTS TR80PS ON BORDERS I BILLION BILL 0 BOOST NAVY Stimson and Knox Nominations to Come Up for Approval By UNITED PRESS Americans in all walks of life Jan paying extra taxes for de ise Monday as congress con led after a weeks recess to vote re billions for the national re nament program new special tax schedule king rich and poor alike pay share of defraying emergency paredness expenditures went o effect with the opening of the v fiscal year Congress recessed for the re iblican national convention as back in regular session Of P importance on the agenda ere senate consideration of the 60000000ft navy bill to ex nd the fleet 70 per cent and Roosevelts nomina n of Republicans Henry L imson and Col Frank Knox to y cabinet defense posts Tuesday the senate naval af committee will consider pxs selection as secretary of y At the same time the sen miKtary affairs committee will sider Stimson as secretary of r Both hearings are scheduled be private but isolationist foes Navy Orders Construction of 45 Ships WASHINGTON navy Monday ordered construction of 45 more warships to cost a total approximately The largest single contractlet ting in navy department history the construction was assigned by Lewis Compton acting secretary within two hours after the white house had announced that Presi dent Roosevelt had signed legis lation to speed up the defense program Officials estimated that this leg islation enabling the navy to ne gotiate contracts without competi tive bidding would result in sav ings of 516000000 to cost of a cruiser Included in the construction or dered were 11 cruisers 20 des troyers 13 submarines and one large seaplane tender These will total 193000 tons Cost of the 45 vessels not in cluding armament and propelhng machinery for submarines was estimated at Offi cials estimated that armament and the submarine propelling machin ery would bring this to more than half a billion One of the provisions of the speedup law permits advance ment to contractors of 20 per cent of the contract total Germans Occupy Guernsey and the two nominees are insisting lAf nat wiu er to Red Invasion of Rumania Seen Hungarian Troops Prepare for Rumania Taking advantage of Rumania hardpressed Balkan state AustriaHungary Sri the is shown in action The uniforms Willkie Hopes F R to Be His Foe in November Vote Confers With Stassen On Campaign Plans Tells Dramatic Incident present campaign against x and Stimson was opened in cago bySenator Burton K eeler D Mont who called jn war makers Wheeler said t an independent third party Deace party may be formed if locrats do not write a nowar ik into their platform at the ona convention this month j rtTiilc the nominations will a basis for a thorough late airings of Roosevelt for n policy considerable atten n will be focused on the new mansion program for the army ich the president may submit congress thisweek The pro im is designed to match the ITS shipbuild plan but may exceed that ount he mystery of the whereabouts he U S fleet was cleared up iday after it had steamed back its Hawaiian bases after a ks absence But there was just aueh mystery as ever to where lad been although Admiral cs O Richardson asserted that movements were routine icuvers had been assumed that the i was enroute to the Atlantic the Panama canal and e was speculation that it may e turned back from such a because of Japanese moves in far toward ich IridoChina the East In and Hong Kong But it was ulatipn and nothing more sources mean indicated that Mr Roosevelts for an economic union of tern hemisphere republics had cfc several snags including isition from New York finan circles The plan has not been ented formally to any of the n American nations but prob will be at thePan America meeting in Havana luly 20 ther developments bearing on nse dustrial office iducatim prepared to inaug c its Si5000000 program to i ISOOOC Americans in skilled bat won The training will at approximately trade aid technical schools ughout th country ther 4 Children red Man Drowned RUMHELLtH A Canadi Eilgene ghepler ilys picnic rt Fish lake Sun ended in ceath by drowning he father fur children and a d man Poce reported Fred lond and children riding aft deep water pier went tq the rescue but his WKT STATE BERLIN WGerman troops have occupied the British channel islands of Guernsey and Jersey the high command announced Monday night It said nazi forces landed on Guernsey Sunday and Jersey Monday Two British fighting planes were shot down in these opera tions it said The channel islands virtual ly emptied of inhabitants a week or more ago lie southwest of Germanoccupied Cherbourg The Germans said the occupa tion long since discounted be cause the islands were left de fenseless was carried out by a coup de main of the German air meaning the troops were landed by plane or parachute The seizure places Hitlers forces in no closer position for an invasion of Britain than they were already at Calais and other points These two Islands which the previously had declared demilitarized lie much closer to the Germanoccupied French coast than to England and were con sidered vulnerable by the British Guernsey 90 miles from Ply mouth is only half as far from the Wey coast of the Cotentin penin sula at the tip of which is Cher bourg Jersey is 20 miles southeast of Guernsey Indication that further channel islands may have been lost to the Germans came in an announce ment by Western Union that tele graphic communication with Jer sey Guernsey and also Alderney and Sark had been suspended 5 Indian Girls Drown in Lake in Minnesota GRAND RAPIDS Minn Five Indian girls three of them sisters drowned in Lake Winnibi goshish Sheriff Sunday while boating William Crisp said the girls were crowded in an old boat which apparently capsized when struck by a high wave By XTftE S WILSON NEW YORK L Willkie republican candidate for told an overflowing pressconference Monday that he ioiYCd Slo6seyelt would oe renominated this rnionhiat Chicago because Id like to meet him I will accept the nomination in Elwood Ind but I havent fixed the date yet Willkie told questioners My acceptance speech will state my views and plat discuss and interpret the form A reporter broke in to re mind Willkie that from now until Sept 1 the white house would be closed to visitors for cleaning and renovating Have you any suggestions the candidate was asked I think thai is a very courte ous thing to do for your suc cessor he replied The republican nominee was well rested and cleareyed after a weekend aboard the yacht of Hoy w Howard of the ScrippsHoward newspapers aboard which he left Philadelphia Saturday and ar rived in New York Monday I just slept he said and I want some more sleep to make up for what I lost in Philadelphia Willkie will confer Monday at lunch with Gov Harold E Stassen Minnesota who was his conven tion floor manager and they will discuss campaign plans and prob ably the selection of a campaign manager and a chairman of the republican national committee Willkie said he could not indicate at this time whether Chairman John D M Hamilton who served since 1936 would be retained and some of his answers indicated that he might have both a national chairman and a campaign man ager acting separately during the campaign Ill tell you something dra matic Willkie remarked as he hurried into the press confer ence room and gestured across Nassau street which lay 21 floors below There is the building where President Roosevelt and his law partner Basil OConnor had of fices when I came to New York My office was in this building just across the street from them I dont know whether he Mr Roosevelt is going back to prac tice law over there or not Willkie promised an aggressive vigorous campaign in which would stump the country from coast to coast Asked if he had read state ments of democratic reaction from Washington regarding his candidacy Willkie replied Sure Ive read them all Those boys must hive the jit ters Thjy ionhtled like my opposition in Philadelphia where every time jny opponents said anything I more votes W W Willkie said I most certainly expect to ask Dist Atty Thomas E Dewey to take an active part in the campaign He was very swell about all this Willkie said Dewey itele phoned me half an hour before the balloting was over to offer con gratulations that He was very fine Willkie expected to meet Mon day with directors of Common wealth and Southern corporation and resign his job as president and also to give up the numerous di rectorships he holds in other cor porations Sometime during the week he expects to meet Senator Charles I McNaiy republican Oregon who was nominated for vicepresident Willkie hopes be fore leaving in two or three days for a two or three weeks vacation to announce the date of his El wood speech The vacation spot has not vet been selected Asked how it seemed to leave New York a private citizen and return a public figure Willkie replied It feels like this gesturing to the crowded room and as I said before I was overwhelmed But traffic was just the same coming down from home in a taxi Mon day morning We stopped at all the lights He said he didnt know what he would do for relaxation during his vacation but that he is a poor fisherman Husband Cant Borrow Official Lie Detector RALEIGH N Car h e state bureau of investigation doesnt lend out its lie detector So Special Agent James Powell said no Monday to an irate hus band who wanted to use the de tector to find out whether his wife had been unfaithful HUNGARY CALLS UP MORE TROOPS Charges 3 Civilians Killed by Rumanian Patrols Near Border BUDAPEST Rumanian border patrols killed three Hun garian j civilians Sunday it was chargeu olficjaiy Monday as ad ditional rtvcops were called to she colors The official report said Ruman ian soldiers fired across the Hun garian border at Feketeguarmat Sunday killing three Hungarians A second border incident was also reported officially to have oc curred Sunday This was at the vil lage of Visk on the CarpathoRus sian border Here the Rumanians were alleged to have fired upon a Hungarian border patrol One was injured in this outbreak accord ing to the official report All leaves of army officers po lice gendarmes and special of ficials were cancelled and mob ilization of the Budapest army corps area was said to be com plete It was reported that general mobilization would be ordered fnr midnight The state railroads announced that passenger traffic Monday night will be greatly restricted due to technical difficulties The Weather FORECAST lOHA Partly cloudy o cloudy and continued eooi oc casional showers extreme west Monday night and west and south Tuesday MINNESOTA Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday possibly scattered showers ex treme southwest Tuesday slightiy warmer extreme west Monday night and west Tues day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Sunday 35 Minimum Sunday night 50 At g a m Monday 70 Monday Maximum Minimum 51 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 7g Minimum in nijrht 56 At 8 a m Sunday 73 YEAR AGO Maximum RT Minimum 55 Rain n ENGLAND HINTS BALBOS DEATH WASIRREGULAR Points Out Noted Flyer Was Opposed to Many II Duce Policies LONDON British for eign office drew a parallel Mon day between the unexplained death of Italys Air Marshal Italo Balbo in a plane crash in Libya and that of Germanys ColGen Baron Werner von Fritsch in the siege of Warsaw Von Fritsch a foreign office news department statement re called was an opponent of Hit lers home and foreign policy Of Balbo the statement said It will be recollected that he was appointed Governor General in Libya because his presence in Italy was inconvenient to Signor Mussolini Since then he has con sistently been opposed to the pol icy of harnessing Italy to Hitlers war machine Britain Monday claimed dou ble success in aerial warfare with dawning a flock of fighters in France and driving off nail raiders stabbing sporadically at the island kingdom British fighters ranging over France hagged five M e s s e r schniitts and probably destroyed another seven said the Gertcaii high command declaredIB British planes been shot ina series of raids over Germany Air defenders of the British Isles shot down one bomber and drove off the rest of the nazi raid ers frying over in forays which Neville Chamberlain warned were only the forerunners of a coming attempt at invasion The bomber crashed into the sea off the northeast English coast Its crew of four floated four and a half hours in a rubber boat then was brought ashore wounded One Sunday the Germans made their first daylight attack on a south west coastal town Five bombs were dropped there three of which failed to explode Former Prime Minisier Cham berlain enumerating the weapons with which Britain would fight invasion by the enemy until he or we are ut terly destroyed said Sunday the British air force is strong er in numbers today than it has been since the beginning of the war and superior in equipment training and morale to that of the enemy The speech containing the warning that the German invad ers may manage here and there to make a break through got an unfriendly response from the tab loid Daily Mirror which de scribed it as a voice broadcasting out of the dreary past It concluded with the demand In Gods name go CLAIM BALBOS SHIP RIDDLED WITH BULLETS ROME plane in which Air Marshal Italo Balbo met death Friday was shot down by machinegunners in British planes when it appeared over Tobruk Libya while a British air raid was under way the newspaper II Popolo Di Roma reported Monday Although H Popolo Di Roma declared Balbos plane was rid dled with machine gun bullets an authoritative source here said the exact circumstances of Balbos death might never be known All that is known s that Balbo with a group of his aides enroute to Tobruk on a mission connected with their duty arrived over the city at the moment an tnemy air raid was in progress this source said Rumanians Retreating Before Reds BUCHAREST Rumania her forces retreating before soviet Russias red army occupying Bes sarabia and Bucovina prepared Monday night to meet a possible Hungarian invasion of Transyl vania which Rumanians feared was imminent With reports of virtual general mobilization in Hungary and a Series of frontier incidents be tween Rumanian and Hungarian troops the Budapest govern ment lodged a protest with Ru manias foreign office warning of possible unpleasant conse quences Mobilization of a Hungarian army corps on the Rumanian frontier was accomplished by speededup recruiting of reserv ists and an officiallyinspired statement in Budapest that Ru mania apparently is on the point of collapse Extensive Hungarian prepara tions followed assertions in official Budapest quarters that Rumanian border guards had fired on Hun garian guards at one frontier point and that Rumania troops had shot at three Hungarian civilians at another The guns of Russian baby tanks landed by plane dominated the lower Danube vital waterway linking Germany with the east as soviet troops hastened Monday to complete their occupation of the ceded Rumanian territories of Bessarabia and nothern Bucovina TrainJoads of Rumanian wounded arrived in cipital Monday fir hoSjttiilijaMnn midersUifcrfVii been woundeu in witii Russian troops on the Prut river Military quarters declared the probability of further clashes be tween Rumanian and Russian forces was heightened by the fact the Russian army was increasing the tempo of its occupation of ceded Bessarabia and northern Bucovina It was reported parachute troops were rained1 on parts of the two provinces not yet occu pied But whether fighting still was going on could not be determined The best available information was that the occupation was pro ceeding ion in a more orderly fash Considerable concern was caused by the fact Russian troops had crossed at several points the boundary of the ceded territory and by evi dence that the Russians were in a hurry to complete the occupa tion Under terms of an agreement with Moscow Rumanian troops have until noon Wednesday to leave the ceded territory The point at which the Russians landed tanks by plane was in the vicinity of Reni where the Prut river flows into the larger water way about 70 miles from the Black sea Landing of the tanks suspended between the wheels of big trans port planes caught the Rumanian garrison at Reni by surprise and it was believed that the red troops took over considerable quantities of military material Military experts in Washington said the Russians had been ex perimenting for some time with aerial transportation of and seventon tanks The fact that the Russians now are in position to close the Danube if they desire was viewed in diplomatic circles as a serious threat to German in terests The Rumanian general staff de scribed as local incidents the clashes between Rumanian and Russian troops Sunday but usu ally reliable sources said the fighting was on a larger scale than officially was admitted native of Mineola Tex gradu ate of West Point was accredit ed Associated Press correspond ent with the French army during recent historic weeks He sur vived German bombing raids flew over the German lines with a French bombing squadron say the retreat of the French forces and has arrived at the Spanish border By TALOR and inhuman many were estimated unofficially Monday at 1500000 men most of them listed as dead or missing It took Adolf Hitlers mechan ized army approximately one montH to destroy what 60 days 3 still wa described as the most machine in the to jAnatod at 1500000 List 3 Causes for Defeat Here rests in honoreck American soldier than u Inscription on tomb of Known soldier v Now he belongs to the midnight meeting of the French cabinet in a chateau near Tours that the French army had only cartridges enough to last three more days French ministers who had watched the army melt away along the line of the Somme and Aisne rivers wept as the general issimo described how the Ger mans advanced slaughtering men who have the means to defend i a mili tary power is just beginning to be realized in France itself The destruction of the army left the nation stunned French leaders including Mar shal Henri Petain now admit that the collapse of the army was due to three causes J Lack of equipment 2 Lack of manpower 3 Lack of determination The lack of equipment which is emphasized as the outstanding reason for Frances defeat cen tered in aviation and tanks Ger many s main weapons In a radio speech to the nation Petam admitted German air su periority was 6tol Time and again I saw three or four French pursuit ships rise to attack massed squadrons of 60 to 80 German bombers protected by 40 to 60 chasers When the blitzkrieg started with a German attack against Holland and Belgium the entire French at tack aviation numbered only 510 planes It was only in November two months after the war started that the French began training avia tion crews for the specialized types aerial warfare In tanks the German numer ical superiority was less marked although modern equipment and concentration of attack made the effect almost the same The Germans apparently used 12 armored divisions in the battle of France each numbering at least 500 tanks The most opti mistic estimate of the French tanks was about 2500 and many ot these were far from nxxtem WOUNDED FROM FRONT MOVED TO BUCHAREST Nazis Would Seek to Avoid Disruption of Rumanian Oil Trade By THE ASSOCIATED FRESS A thinlyveiled counter to Rus sias invasion Rumania was seen Monday in the reported mobilization of Hungarian troops on Use frontier ot King Carols little Balkan kin g d om source of raw materials for Ger many Hungary claims the support of both Germany and Italy for any march into Rumania in the event soviet Russias armies overrun the limits of ceded ter ritory Bessarabia and north ern Bucovina established in the agreement between Ru mania and Russia Frontier incidents between Rumanian and Hungarian troops were said to have promo d the Hungarian mobilization Evidence of fierce fighting be tween Rumanian troops and red army invaders came to light Mon day as irainloads of Rumanian wounded arrived in Bucharest following reported clashes with soviet forces on river The Russians were described as raining parachute troops on Ru and landing baby soviet kangaroo manian soil tanks from planes Nazi iye was repenedaroused owlied materialsin Berlin officials while scoiil ug any possibility of a German Russian clash said Germanys main interest was to prevent any disruption of her supply of vital materials oil for her mechanized armies and food Rumania The Rumanian government has already appealed to Hitler to make Russia live up to last weeks ultimatum agreement for ceded territory thereby giving the fuehrer an excuse for into Rumania against Russia any event Rumania an pcared the loser threatened by an axissupported Hungarian in vasion to stop Russia and by a possible German move to safe guard nazi interests in Rumania Dispatches said Russia demand ed that Turkey grant her a share m defense of the Dardanelles kev link between the Black sea and he Mediterranean A flurry of land and air fighting over the weekend on1 the LibyanEgyptian border in dicated a faster tempo to the war in the Mediterranean area The Italian high command re ported the capture of several British positions with attacks by British motorized units reported beaten off British bombing planes strik ing at Germany in mass attacks in a warm up for the expect ed battle for Britain roved over the north west and south of the reich during the night The German high command said the British sky raiders at tacked nonmilitary targets and that 18 were shot down The nazi high command also reported a British cruiser of the Orion class about 7200 tons was torpedoed south ot Brest Franco and that a German Uboat sank 23000 tons ot enemy mer chant shipping Former Prime Minister Cham berlain telling the empire to dis regard rumors of disunity in the British government warned that a nazi invasion might come at any moment But if it does insisted the man who tried to appease Adolf Hitler m September 1938 the British will fight until they or the Ger mans are utterly destroyed Bridge Bandits Are Hunted at Waterloo 2 Watches Taken WATERLOO armed masked Sunday bridge table night walked bandits into the Philip K Rausch home and inter rupted a bridge game to rob Mr and Mrs Rausch and their neigh bors Mr and Mrs Wilson Wood of and two wrist watches po lice reported The bandits were described as less than average height andweight and about 21 years old
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