Thursday, May 16, 1940

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 16, 1940, Mason City, Iowa H I S T It t U 4 9 r DEPT if r D S M 0 I H i S J NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THI THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHIORS VOL XLVI MASON CITY THE 8RIGHT k SPOT ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PHESS FUIO fcEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MAY 161940 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP FOUR SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 190 ALLIES CLAIM NAZIS HALTED If sevelt Asks 50000 Planes P If P ill SEDAN BATTLE IS UNDER CONTROL FRENCH REPORT Distant Thunder of Gunfire in Belgium Rattles Houses at Deal on Southeast Coast of England French general in immediate command in the Sedan sector advised headquarters Thursday night that his forces were complete masters of the situa tion and would regain full control of their front within one week The war ministry spokesman said the Germans were under heavy counterattack by French air forces He declared the nazi columns would be rounded up quickly and denied emphatically that the Germans had reached Laon and Reims 50 miles southwest of Sedan as had been rumored A fastshifting war ol BRITISH DRIVE GERMANTROOPS FROM LOUVAIN Europes War Brings Wheat Prices Break Mysterious Fire Razes Alabama Arsenal of an of warplanes and giant along the 110mile western front from Antwerp Belgium to Sedan France as the nazi juggernaut hammered at Belgian defense wall V of VirMechSmzed units from both5 sides cut loose from their infantry and drove bodily forward to strike theenemy rear At least 600000 troops evenly balanced were engaged Spokesman acknowledged that the Germans after crossing the Mouse river at three points con tinued to push forward The distant thunder of gun fire in Belgian rattled the win dows of houses at Deal on the southeast coast of England 60 miles away A British military spokesman said the great Belgian fortresses of Liege and Namiur in eastern Belgium were still holding out although isolated The Germans say they have captured the Liege citadel and other forts at Liejte and Namur German armored columns re portedly penetrated the allied lines in Belgium to a consider able depth at several points The thrusts were reported unsup ported by infantry The Germans indicated that the allies have dug in strongly on the main Belgium line that runs from in front of Antwerp and Brussels through Louvain to Na mur and roughly follows the rives Dyle That is the line which might be turned if the Germans effect serious breakthrough from Na mur to Mezieres The allied air force battered furiously at the German rear lines in an effort to hamper and halt the moving up of sup plies and reinforcements The greatest air raids of the war were reported to have been car ried oat Wednesday night par ticularly in the important Essen DvtmundBodam industrial tri angle Old names reappeared in com nuniques and history repeated nany episodes on the Belgian ront There was some indication hat Ihe battle for Brussels might c fought around Ihe Napoleonic battleground of Waterloo Fresh alarms sounded through j southeast Europe The Swiss were mobilized to the last man They had 600000 men in arms and were prepared for as well prepared their resources would permit Svery sort of rumor circulated One was that Germany had massed 15 to 25 divisions or 225 000 to 375000 men in the Black forest Another was thst the Germans demanded that the countrv be placed under an Italian protector ate London expected an Italian move shortly President Roose velt indicated American concern 1 over such a possibility by send ling a postmidnight communi Wation lo Premier Benito Mus appeal to keep the Dcacc Home dismissed the residents message with a curt By DREW M1DDLETON WITHTHE BRITISH EXPEDI TIONARY FOHCE INBELGIUM Passed by Field Hand to hand fighting of the fiercest kind swept through the streets of Louvain Thursday as picked troops counter attacked three times to throw out Germans who had gained a foothold on the eastern side of the town In the late afternoon the Brit ish were digging in after a day of furious combat in which an early German advantage had been over come by three furious British at tacks The Germans had withdrawn outside the town Artillery of both armies was Germans shelling the British position in the environs and the B E Fs guns hurling metal over the town into the German lines in the country behind it Louvain 1G miles east of Brus sels was destroyed in 1914 by the German steamroller in the World war Its famous library was re built with pennies donated by American school children I watched the battle through glasses from three miles away and was able to see the towers of the library and city hall rising serene ly through the pall of smoke that hung over the city By FKANKLV MULLIN CHICAGO The roar Europes war has produced earthquake in Chicagos wheat pit center of world trade in the most important single food commodity Aprice break without parallel in World war days and seldom equalled in grain trade history occurred in the wake of the Ger man smash on the western front It upset the calculations of mil lions of persons and startled agri culture and its many allied inter ests In the first three days this week the market value of the new wheat crop which American farm ers will begin harvesting within a month was cut more than 000000 The eyes of agricultural inter of the experts in the governments regulatory com modity exchange administration were focused Thursday on Ihe wheat market semi demoralized by frantic selling The markets behavior in the European crisis was watched nol only for its immediate effect but alspfoir an iqdicaUsaiPiecoBpmic Ife wroughtby Ger many fs launching of the fight o the finish The warinspired selling began Monday and up until the start of dealings Thursday morning prices had collapsed 23 cents a bushel Other grain prices dropped in uni son The record of prices of princi pal cereals traded iere follows AUK 31 Sea Wed 1939 sons nes High day Close May Wheat 69 113 86 May Corn 47 69 49 May Oats 30 43 S6i May Rye 45 8 46 suggestion that it would hare little if any result The allied Mediterranean fleet is steaming that inland sea its whereabouts a military secret and its purpose allegedly the carry ing out of maneuvers Budapest reported Jugoslavia was seeking a Russian military alliance Greek forces were en gaged in a sudden series of em barkation and landing maneu vers at all principal ports No ex planation was offered as to why the Greek army desired to be skilled in either landing or cm barking or where they would put their training to actual use Soviet Russia through the newspapers Izvcstia and Pravda issued a biast at the allies and pre dicted that war shortly would be extended to the Balkans and the Mediterranean Most of the price gains buit up the last eight months were wiped out Before the opening Thursday wheat prices were the lowest since last November anc rye the lowest since just before the war started W Some dealers attributed the sell ing to liquidation by foreign inter ests but government officials said there was little evidence of large foreign accounts Of much significance grain mei believe is the fear over the out come of the war and the effect i may have on values everywhere M K the Alabama national guard at Montgomery destroying the building and military equipment valued at Firemen are shown battling the limes were discovered in two parts rf thebuilding Authorities investigated the possibility of sabotage INJURES TWO Thornton Residents Taken to Hospital Following Accident SHEFFIELD Two Thornton men flying a small monoplane were injured Thursday afternoon when the plane crashed in a field on the Alfred Puiecke farm near here The extent of the injuries to the two Ernest Meyer and Har old Hartwig could not be deter mined immediately It appeared however that Meyer suffered a broken arm and possible internal injuries Hartwig a youth of 16 blow in the face Both men were rushed to the hospital at Hamp ton Meyer was piloting the plane which was badly damaged The mishap came about Meyer said when the plane was flying too close to the ground and a gust of wind forced it out of Meyers con trol The Thornton man about 30 years of age has been flying for several years The Hartwig youth is the son ot Mr and Mrs John Hartwig WARNED TO LEAVE GENEVA Switzerland The American consulate here sent a warning Thursday to all Ameri can who are not pre pared to remain in Switzerland in the event this country is involved in war to leave the country as speedily as possible Nazi Troops Push Ahead Yugoslav Cabinet Has Meeting to Review Mobilization Plans BELGRADE Yugoslavia The Yugoslav cabinet met Thurs day to review the war ministrys plans for general mobilization Although the army now is 700 000 men strong additional reser vists are being called up daily by individual notiefc General mobilization could be made effective in a few hours if the war extended to southeastern Europe it was said All reserve officers regardless of age already have reported Germans Say French Open Artillery Fire on City of Rastatt BERLIN P Authoritative military sources said Thursday night that the French had opened fire with longrange artillery on the open German city of Ras talt west of Stuttgart and near the French frontier retaliation they said She German army has opened fire nn the French city of Hagenau 11 1 miles north of Strasbourg The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair slightly warmer extreme west scattered lishl frost lowlands northeast Thurs day night Friday fair and warmer MINNESOTA Fair slishllv warmer extreme west scattered light frost east and central Thursday night Friday partly cloudy and warmer tijhl scat tered showers northwest por tion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 a m Thursday Maximum Wednesday 17 Minimum in Night 15 At 8 a m Thursday 47 YEAR AGO if 51182000000 FOR EMERGENCY DEFENSE SOUGHT Presidents Message Before Congress Indicates U S to Challenge Nazi Air Supremacy By LYLE C WILSON United Press Stafl Col respondent WASHINGTON llooscvelt Thursday proposed to congress a emergency national de fense program and called for 50000 military and naval air planes to meet the threat of modern war The combined air strength of the army and navy now is 5563 planes He proposed lo put national defense rmmufacturies on a 24hour basis The emergency summons of his message was couched in urgent phrases Mr Roosevelt delivered his national defense message in person before a joint session of congress called on barely 12 hours notice He warned that our great midwestern cities such as St Louis Kansas City and longer are daysweeks or months away from potential attack biitare nnrt JL OFF EXPERIMENT Stalks Off Angrily Charging Delays by Army Hindered Test ARMY PROVING GROUND ABERDEEN Md P Barlow Thursday angrily calle off the tests of his liquid oxyge explosive charging that delay caused by army ordnance officei had diminished the potency ot hi bomb Barlow a native of Clear Lake Iowa stalked off the field where 252 goats had been staked out at varying intervals to test the detonating effect of the ex plosive which Barlow claimed was more powerful than any V S Defense weapon now in use I am not going to be made the goat before all the world Bar low said over his shoulder as Col B O Lewis proving ground chief tried to restrain his departure The inventor who named his explosive Glmilc in honor of Glenn L Martin by whom he is employed asserted that the force of his bomb had been reduced by more than onethird because Col Lewis required him to hoist the 1000 pound bag of explosives more than 30 minutes before house and senate military committee of1 ficials arrived to witness the test minutes places which conceivably could become bases for air war The message asked 1 Immediate appropriation of for armament Z Authorization for the mak ing of future contract obliga tions aggregating Together with the already asked from this congress for defense this would make the total And stillmore requests arc likely before congress goes home Great additional production capacity is our principal air re quisite Mr Roosevelt said adding I believe that this nation should plan at this time a pro gram that would provide us with 50000 military and naval planes Aviation he said lias stepped up the speed of apossible attack 300 miles an hour The president did not sny how soon the 50000 plane air armada should be ready nor what part of the funds and authorizations sought Thursday would be ear marked for airpower But it ap peared that the United States was about to challenge Germany for world leadership in the air It was understood the army planned ID use big sums now for pilot training that most of the new planes would come later VFrom the fjords of Greenland Mr Roosevelt warned it is only four hours to Newfoundland and only six hours to New England As Barlow drove down the road from the proving ground toward Aberdeen he met Chairman Mor ris Sheppard of the senate mili tary affairs committee who finally persuaded Barlow to go through with the test a week from Satur day Barlow stipulated however that he would not begin the ex periment until Sheppard himself gave the signal Barlow told Sheppard that Lewis instructions to hoist the explosive early was part ot a plot by army ordnance officers to show me up Lewis however said thnt lie I had received word from the flying field that the congressional com mittees had arrived Barlow to be ready Miniimrrt Kaiti After subjugating all of The Netherlands except in Zeeland province Germanys army intensified its drive against Belgium and France The German military took over control of the Dutch radio station whose transmitter is at The Hague With Dutch air bases Germany in a position to strike at England 3 by air The allies claimed that the nazis were suffering severe losses at LiCKc i but that the heaviest German drive was at Namur and J f51 nhcrc Germans crossed the Meiisc but were halted inc batUefrnnl dotted extended to Longwy C and the compara tively quiet MaginolWcst Wall area At Lake Constance Ger mans practiced pontoon crossing of the Rhine 8 and massed troops Switzerland mobilized for a possible German drive around the Maginot line SwissGerman Frontier Closed SCHAFFHAUSEN Switzerland and German military authorities Thursday night closed the SwissGerman frontier on the Rhine river on both sides from Basel to Lake Constance Even rail freight traffic was limited German authorities refused white house and other confcreucs as German air power led the nAzi forces through the low countries and into France was addressed to our own people but broadcast to the world By short wave ii went in seven languages and through the remaining hours of Thursday md Thursday night it will be re peated for those who had not heard the summons lo arm Surely the developments of the past few weeks have madr it clear lo all of our citizens Mr Roosevelt said that Hie possibility of attack nn vital American zones ought to make it essential that we have the physical the ready ability to meet hose attacks and to pre vent them from reaching their objectives He cited the repeated lessons of nations that were not ready and were unable to get ready They were overrun by the enemy The Azores are only 2000 miles from parts of our eastern seaboard and if Bermuda fell into hostile hands it is a matter of less than three hours for modern bombers to reach our shores From a base in theouter West Indies the coast of Florida could be reached in 200 minutes The islands off the west coast of Africa arc only 1500 miles from Brazil Modern planes slavt ing from the Cape Verde islands can be over Brazil in seven hours And Para Brazil is but Four flying hours to Caracas Vene zuela and Venezuela is but 2b hours to Cuba and the Canal Zohc and Cuba and the Canal Zone are 2Tj hours to Tampico Mexico coin and Tampico is 2i hours to St and wanted Louis Kansas City and Omahu REYNAUD SEES NAZI DEFEAT PARIS Paul Rey natid told the cheering chamber of deputies Thursday France would be victorious against i Germany which was throwing her all into one desperate push to the west ail can seem lost Rcynaud declared the world wilt see what France is capable of He recalledthat Germany had declared she was going to win the war in two months V Rcynaud addressed the chamber ot n session ending a parliamentary recess which began April 25 Life counts for nothing the premier said One thins only counts and that is to maintain France Referring to the greit icec of mechanized units in modern battle of movement he syid it is ncccs snry immediately to forge anew the arm he said On the other side of the con tinent Mr Roosevelt continued AlaElsa with a white population of only 30000 people is within four or five hours of flying dis tance to Vancouver Seattle Ta coma and Portland The islands of the southern Pacific arc not too far removed from the west coast of South America to prevent them from becoming bases of enormous strategic advantage to attacking forces The Atlantic and Pacific were I reasonably adequate defense bar 10 j riers against surface fleets he told U S Citizens Advised by American Diplomats to Leave Italy at Once ROMK diplo matic authorities Thursday ad vised United Slates citizens to leave Italy as soon as possible The United States consulate sent the following circular to American residents in the Italian capital The consulate has been di rected by the embassy to call the attention of American citizens re siding in lie Rome consulate dis tiict the advice the United State f returning to at the earliest fwthe area to tend their This e m c r g c nc y Chipped together in 1 a series of issuing the same advice nthrr ywove