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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 10, 1940, Mason City, Iowa H is r MEM f Aq T NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOLXLVI ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL r WIRES CENTS A COPY NEWSFAPIR THAT MAKtS Alt NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MAY 1071940 HOME EDITION MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT THIS PAPEB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE HOLLAND AND BELGIUM CLAIM I INVADERS ARE CHECKED British and French Army Moving Fast to Meet Germans PARIS BritishFrench army was re ported moving rapidly across the Belgian border Friday to meet German legions which had entered rrom the east A Paris military spokesman said the most gigantic battle of all time may be near i The spokesman said that the Germans must have bne of two military purposes in mind Pointing out it was difficult at the moment to determine the exact nazi objectives the spokesman said they may be trying 1 An operation to gain control of a long strip of coastline facing England or 2 A vast strategical movement of invasion comparable to and infinitely larger than that car ried put by the German troops across Belgium in 1914 he Said we are at thebetrin three neutrals on Frances northern flank brought the BritishFrench allies immedi ately to their aid The German air force abandoning the practice of the warring powers to refrain from bombing each others interior zones raided numer ous French cities Airports were bombed According to official French reports there were victims I in the cities themselves f The French army received its marching orders to go to the aid of Belgium shortly after the German invasion and appeals went out to the allies from bothThe Hague and Brussels All indications were that Europes war at last had broken out in major propor j tions On every hand were signs that l i life and death struggle between jermany and the allied powers is it hand Taking advantage ot a moment vhen both London and Paris were by impending cabinet crises s a result of the failure of their Norwegian campaign the Germans struck at the neutral countries vith heavy forces liberally equipped with tanks and artillery French reports said the blow fell it I oclock in the morning 6 p n Thursday when the ongprepared invading army noved simultaneously against the hree low countries V Hundreds ot airplanes were re ported to have preceded the in vading German troops These warplanes bombed air ports in Holland and Brussels dispatches said they were bomb inr the Belgian capital itself Advices reaching Paris said Lux nbourg not attempting to resist ic might of German arms was occupied methodically Fri ay morning by German military mtingents There was as yet no indication Paris of thedegree of success resistance in the Netherlands In Belgium King Leopold III in nform and in command of his Jmy ordered his own troops to y away from Brussels so there uld be no pretext for further imbing of the Belgian At Bern Switzerland planes of iknown nationality dropped ibs on a railroad line in Swiss ritory Thursday night tachments of German parachu tists who landed on Belgian ter ritory Several German planes were shot down from the numerous squadrons which flew over Bel gium The war department spokesman said there was as yet no precise information in Paris the exact line of march ot the Germans The Germans he continued are following the usual tactics of send ing shock forces in advance pre ceded by intense aerial bombard ment of roads bridges railroads and air fields The bombardments he states are on the vast scale in Hoi land Belgium Luxembourg and France those in France being notably In the eastern and north em areas Changes in the cabinet of Pre mier Paul Reynaud had been ex pected shortly While the western front re mained comparatively calm raid ing German airplanes were de clnrcd to have bombed numerous cities back of the line The French officially listed Lyon Nancy Col mar Pontoise and Luxeuil There were killed and wounded in the bombings but the figures were not released to the press There was no report of bombings in the Paris zone The Dutch minister called on Premier Reynand and made an appeal for aid Belgium and Luxembourg also asked for French assistance All received assurances of prompt aid if The French radio renewed warnI ing that the people carry their gas masks at all times and seek refuge in air raid shelters immediately alarms are sounded A French spokcman called pure inventions the charges of German Foreign Minister von Rib bentrop that English troops had landed in the Dutch ports and that the allies were preparing military occupation of Holland and Bel gium NAZIS POINT TO SUCCESSES ON ALL OF FRONTS Claim Hague Occupied and 3 French Airdromes Destroyed in Attacks BERLIN UP Germanys armed forces under personal di rection of Adolf Hitler struck into Holland Belgium and Lux embourg at the hour of decisive combat Friday and reported sweeping successes on all fronts The Germans claimed that 1 The Dutch capital The Hague had been occupied 2 Three French airdromes including he important base at Metz had been totally des and many others badly damaged 3 All important Dutch and Bel gian airports and surrounding dis tricts captured 4 The airports of Antwerp and Brussels successfully bombed and a Belgian fort captured 5 Abroad attack successfully Hitler at Held headquarters was directing the vast opera tions of land sea and air forces which swept across tbe low country frontiers attacked by air and landed alone the coast The Germans were reported ns ine flat bottomed naval craft to operate in areas which the Dutch flooded by blasting their dikes The high command announced tliat operations were proceeding successfully and the official news agency claimed sweeping tri umphs for the German forces The German air force took off at dawn on May 10 with a strong formation of all hinds against the west and landed numerous units at Beligan and Netherlands air ports BE CONFIDENT SAYS GAMELIN CommanderinChief of Allied Forces Gives Order of Day to Troops PARIS General Maurice Gustavo Gamelin commanderin chief of the British and French armies proclaimed to his forces Friday that Germany has begun a fight to the death against us In his order of the day to the allied troops he said The attack which we have foreseen since last October was launched this morning Germany has begun a fight to the death against us The orders are for France and her allies Courage energy con fidence The Belgian army was re irted by Havas French news ency to be mopping up de Herring Will Make Attorney Appointment DBS M01NES 0 Senator Clyde L Herring DIowa in tends to make an appointment for United States district attorney for the southern Iowa district when he returns to Washington next week Senator Herring here tor the democratic state convention Saturday said he hopes to receive approval of his appointment from the senate and President Roose velt before congress adjourns GENERAL GAMELIN Energy Chamberlain Resigns Post as Churchill Takes Over Task of Forming Cabinet Pleads for Unity and Lashes at Hitler for Another Crime LONDON Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain in a radio broadcast Friday night declared that Winston Churchill had ac cepted the task of forming a new government on a national basis Chamberlain said that the task of forming a new national gov ernment had been underway since Thursday and that Friday it be came apparent that a government could be foimed if he resigned Early Friday morning he declared without warning or excuse Hitler added another to the horrible crimes which dis grace his name by a sudden at tack on Holland Belgium and Luxembourg He has chosen a moment when perhaps it seems to him that this country is in the throes of a poli tical crisis t I am not now going to make any comment on the debate in the house of commons When it was pver I had no doubt in my mind WINSTON CHORCHILL of destiny confidence was to be restored r V Chamberlain declared that when it became evident that his resignation was essential to for mation of a national govern ment he presented his resigna tion to King George Friday night He said that his other cabinet colleagues had pJaced their res ignations in Churchills hands for his disposition as might prove necessary in the reconstruction of the government He declared that lie was per fectly willing to serve under Churchill in the new war cabinet and called on the British people to unite in support of the new prime minister Chamberlain asserted that Hit ler had been responsible for a hideous total of human suffering and misery Dutch at Pella Tulip Fest Hear Sympathetic Talk by Governor PELLA a tu liptime crowd Gov George A Wilson Friday afternoon declared here that we all shudder at the news that your own beloved an cestral land is being overrun by the machinery of death We are Americans and sViarc the American attitude of passion ate desire for a peaceful world in which to live he said in his ad dress prepared for the Holland Dutch community You feel a special interest in the welfare of the little kingdom in which the spirit of freedom has flourished for so many centuries We all share your anxiety NO CHANGE IN S STATUS President in Sympathy With Statement Given by Queen Wilhelmina WASHINGTON Roosevelt said Friday he saw no change with respect to the possi bilities of the United States keep ing out of Europes war At a press conference he told reporters who crowded his office to the walls that there was not much he could say about the situ ation abroad now and that it spoke for itself I think I can say personally he declared authorizing direct quotation I am in full sympa thy wilh the very excellent state ment that was given out the proc clamation by the queen of the Netherlands and let it go at that It is worth reading BRITISH SPEED Correspondents Report Motorized Units Racing Through Belgium WITH BRITISH EXPEDIT IONARY FORCE in France Tiie British expeditionary force is on its way across Belgium to meet the German invasion Correspondents arriving on the Belgian frontier were told by border officials that some British stops had gone into Belgium early in the day The main British force was soon mechanized unit mov ing at high speed It hardly paused at the barrier but raced on into Belgian There were tanks armored cars and motorcycle troops in the forces moving swiftly over the frontier They came in a long line that indicated large numbers were on lie way to the battlefront The soldiers sang and waved their hands as they entered Bel gium Frontier officials said the ad vance British forces probably were many miles into Belgium by Friday afternoon 37 KILLED IN BRUSSELS RAID 61 Reported Wounded in Air Attack Nazis Reported Held Back LONDON UP Thirtyseven persons were killed and 61 wounded in the German air nt tack on the Brussels airdrome dis trict it was said in authoritative quarters Friday nigh I The Bel gians were said to have held off Ihu attack of German troops at all points The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair and cooler scat fered light frost northcentral and northeast portions Friday niffht Saturday fair and warm er MINNESOTA Fair cooler soiitheasl and cvlrcnie south lijthl frost north and centra ami lowlands extreme south Friday night Saturday fair and warmer IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Thursday 71 Minimum Thursday night 50 At 8 a m Friday 55 Rain trace YEAR AGO Minimum v Compiled From Cable Dispatches Holland and Belgium fought desperately Friday night against a blitzkrieg invasion by Adolf Hitlers armed forces The German high command seeking bases for a knockout blow against Ureat Britain reported that German air land and sea torces had broken enemy resistance in the first phase of a light ning invasion of Belgium Holland and Luxembourg But from Amsterdam and Brussels came reports that the nazi bewvchecked along the frontier and that the allied eir f nil strength into By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS War engulfs little low countries Belgium Hol land and Luxembourg as Germany hurls triple blitz krieg attack allies rush aid German r a A i o an nounces seizure of The Hague goes to western front tells troops The hour has come The fight beginning today de cides the fate of the Ger man nation for the next 1000 years PARIS army moves rapidly across Belgian border to meet Ger man onslaught military spokesman says most gi gantic battle of all time may bo imminent ROTTERDAM Ger man parachuted troops seize airport destroy fly ing field in heavy bombard ment BRUSSELS King Leo pold III replays fathers 3914 cole leadingBelgian troops in stand against nazi invaders Germans bomb Brussels general mobiliza tion ordered THE Wilhelmina issues flaming protest against Germany Dutch soldiers fiercely bat tle German machine gun suicide squads dropped from planes R O M E Italy remains aloof from conflict hails German swiftness in strik ing H K R N o r d c r s general mobiliza tion a 1 k a n capitals see German inva sion of low countries as reprieve for southeastern Europe The Geimans officially claimed to have ciossed Luxem bourg to hnve smashed 15 miles into Belgium and taken Malmedy to have advanced 20 miles in southern Holland to capture the Maastrich fort and seize bridges leading over the Albert canal on the DutchBelgian border The Germans claimed to have destroyed almost 100 enemy airplanes while losing only seven or nine of their own in an advance to both the Maas and Ijsel rivers They also claimed the capture ot all important Dutch and Belgian air dromes The Dutch and Belgian military commands asserted however that their main defense lines were holding that a German assault on the city of Rotterdam was beingbeat en back and thai German detachments landed by plane at strategic points in a campaign now familiar to nazi foes had been surrounded and were being strongly attacked The Dutch asserted their defense forces shot down at least 0 German planes The Hague which the German radio claimed had been occupied remained in Dutch hands and Friday evening the Dutch high command broadcast a statement that the Ger man surprise strategy had failed clue to the determined de fense by Dutch troops Germanys sudden expansion of the wars scope close on the heels of her occupation of Denmark and conquest of two thirds of Norway gave a new lineup to the allied powers which now include the British and French empires Poland Norway Belgium and the Netherlands Adolf Hitler terming this the hour for the most de cisive struggle of the German people headed for the front to direct operations Germany accused the lowland countries of conspiring with the allies against Germany charges which both Belgium and the Netherlands stoutly denied While hundreds perhaps thou sands of German parachute troops were dropping behind the lines Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands broadcast an appeal to her subjects to unite against Germany and made n burning protest against the German in vasion Dutch flood gates were opcnnl o hold up the invaders and frontier troops joined battle with the advancing Germans Another small nation fearing invasion Switzerland ordered complete mobilization French dispatches said cities in France which had been bombed included Nancy Lille Lyon Col mar Pontoise and Luxucil Al least two soldiciv wove killed at I Lyon and several at Nancy f Belgium musUreil tier entire hopeful of preventing a repetition of the 1911 German sweep which carried grayclad German legions into France Adolf Hitler addressing his troops declared soldiers of the western front the hour has come for the most decisive struggle of the German people His airforcc was striking al strategic points in Belgium and the Netherlands raiding far be hind the French lines and mak ing forays as far as the British coast carrying out frequently voiced German threats of total war German parachute troops plum meted to earth from nazi transport planes behind the Belgian and Dutch lines German bombers raided the Brussels airport and other points while land forces struck at the frontiers of the two nations Kine Leopold IIT of the Bel gians took command of his na tions fighting forces number ing about 600009 men who have strone fortifications pre pared iiKainst such an invasion as came Friday Holland had 100000 men but her major hope was founded on a complex system of water de fenses ivilh which she flooded her lowlands to bog down the German war machine Both Holland and Belgium were hopelessly outnumbered unless the British and French bring their weight into the balance with aid that was quickly promised by Paris and London The British government omin ously warned however that it
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