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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 15, 1940, Mason City, Iowa iLot E V n i s r A T o e T NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NIWSPAPW THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVI FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 15 1940 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 163 RITAIN LANDS TROOPS IN NORWAY Americas Need Force If Challenge Is Made STRENGTH FOR PEACE IS URGED BY ROOSEVELT Fiftieth Anniversary of PanAmerican Union Is Observed in Address WASHINGTON wars abroad more horrible and destructive than ever President Roosevelt said Monday the 21 American republics could keep open the way to eventual peace only if we are prepared to meet force with force if challenge is ever made Mr Roosevelt spoke before the governing board of the Pan American union on the observ ance of he organizations 50th anniversary and proclaimed a determination of the western hemisphere live in peace and make that peace secure In words broadcast tliroughoul the nation and transmitted abroad by short wave the president des ignated no belligerent by name when he used these words appar ently directed at recent European developments We of this hemisphere have no need lo seek a new Internationa order we already have found it This was not won by hysterica outcries or violent movements o troops We did not stamp out nations capture governments or uprootin people homes doctriries ot race suprem or claim dictatorship through vjmiversal revolution The interAmerican order wa not built by hatred and terror I has been paved by the endless anc or Work on Temperance DES MOINES UP James Pearson Shenandoah radio preach and politician drew rom the Iowa liquor control com nissipn despite an attorney gen erals opinion invalidating his ap pointment last year as director of i commission temperance educa ion program state treasurers disclosed Monday Assistant Attorney General John M Rankin declared that earson did a lot of research work and put in a bill for it I looked it over and approved t Rankin said He Pearson made a show ing of research work along other lines lie did the work and we determined that he was en titled to be paid for it The check to Pearson was is sued on commission funds March 30 It was cashed at a Shenandoah bank No mention of the check has been made at subsequent liquoi commission press conferences Pearson was named to direct temperance education for the commission last November aftei republicans assumed control o the liquor setup with the ap pointment of M L Curtis o Knoxville as commission chair man The campaign folded up last December after the attorney generals office ruled that the liquor commission has no power to Include the expenditure of any of its funds for a cam topromote temperance Curtis who appointed Pearson to the job said he was hired tc carry out the injunction of thi law to promote temperance effective work of men of gooi Will lUr Koosevelt aid urivcrsal and stable peace remains z dream and told his listeners to have no illusions at a time when old dreams of universal empire are again rampant In my conception the presiden said whole world now i struggling lo find the basis of its life in coming centuries We hear he said of race which claim the right of mastery We learn of groups which insist they have the right to impose their way of life on other nations We encounter economic compulsions shrewdly devised to force great areas into political spheres ot in fluence All of this is not of mere aca demic interest We know that what happens in the old world directly and powerfully affects the peace and wellbeing of the new It was for Ihis very reason that we have adopted procedures thai enable us to meet any eventuality I pray to God that we shall not have to do more than that but should it be necessary I am convinced that we should be wholly successful The Inner strength of a group of free peo ple is irresistible when they are prepared to act Asserting that life in coming centuries must be based on posi tive values Mr Roosevelt said The value of love wil always Tie stronger than the value of hate The value of a belief in hu manity and justice is always stronger than the value of belief in force The value of truth and sin cerity is always slronger than the value of lies and cynicism Men cannot be everlastingly loyal unless they are free In asserting that peace among the American nations was secure because of instruments they had created Mr Roosevelt said these instruments embodied in a great measure the principles upon which I believe enduring peace must be based throughout the world Peace reigns today in the west ern hemisphere he said because our nations have liberated them selves from fear Peace reigns among us today because we have agreed as neigh bors should to mind our own busi ness The appointment was round criticized by democratic Senate Clyde L Herring under wlios administration as governor the liquor control commission was es tablished and the Iowa W C T Pearson reported at the com mission offices only a little shor of a month and the state comp trailers office held up his pa check when he left the temper ance job last December TAKE CONTROL OVER DANUBE Rumania Acts After Nazi Threat Against English Sabotage BULLETIN BUCHAREST Ruman ian decree Monday night pro hibited indefinitely all exports of wheat petroleum coal ant wood cutting off Germanys main source of supplies in eastern Europe BUCHAREST con trol of Danube river traffic wa enforced by Rumania Monday fol lowing German threats to send gunboats down the river immedi ately to protect German shipping from alleged English sabotage A Rumanian government spokes man said strong river patrols had been organized to maintain peace and order on the Danube The spokesman said the control system had been worked out with other Danubian neutrals This was presumed in Buchar est to mean Jugoslavia Bulgaria and Hungary each undertaking closer policing of its stretch of the river Some sources regarded this de velopment as an attempt to elimi nate any possible pretext for Ger many to send armed forces into these neutrals territorial waters ARRANGE FOR CONVENTION DES MOINES Re publican Secretary H A Gran Iham was in Philadelphia Pa Monday arranging for the attend ance of the states delegation to the G X P national convention June 24 Where British Land Troops NAZIS DECLARE 2 ALLIED SUBS ARE DESTROYED Establishment of British Naval Blockade at Narvik Admitted Treason Had Vital Part in Invasion STOCKHOLM Sweden Information from United Press correspondents refugees and neu tral travellers from Norway Mon day indicated the extent to which treason and treachery as well as armed force played a part in Germanys invasion o Norway This is an excellent view of the harbor of Narvik one of the ports which Germany seized at the beginning of the invasion of Norway and which the British navy captured and used to land troops Landing of British Troops Indicates Allied Success in Norway Has Increased SPRING COMES BACK TO IOWA Entire State Basks as Mercury Soars to Above Normal Level DES MOINES IP Spring came back to Iowa Monday after a balmy weekend that gave prom ise of warmer days to come The mercury reached a liigl of B3 degrees Sunday at Council Bluffs as the whole state basked in abovenormal temperatures The high here was IB degrees Temperatures reached a low Sun day night of 44 degrees at Imvood It was 46 in Mason City Small amounts rain were re ported in all but the southwest section of the stale the weather bureau reported Estherville hav ing 31 of an inch the heaviest amount The bureau said temperatures ranged about 10 degrees above normal Monday morning with a reading of 63 reported here at LOOK INSIDE FOR Frank M Murray of Buffalo Center Seeks Agriculture Position DES MOINES M Murray of Buffalo Center a demo crat took out nomination papers for state secretary of agriculture He is a brother of Ray Murray who once held the office Andrew Stewart of Rockwell City former member of the state liquor control commission an nounced his candidacy for state treasurer on the democratic ticket EUGENE A GILMORE Will Become Dean of Pitt U Law School PAGE 2 Too Early to Interpret Nazi COL 2 EDITORIAL PAGE Clarion Students Win Honors at Iowa State STATE PAGE Prep Baseball to Get Into Swing on Tuesday SPORTS PAGE Reports of Mining of Baltic Sea Indicate Great Achievement By DEHTTT MACKENZIE AP Foreign Affairs Writer Word of the landing of British expeditonary forces at several points on Norwegian soil means that the allied success in the battle for Norway has increased and that they control Ihe situation at this juncture These landings represent co ordination with the almost un believable feat of the English in breaking through the dangerous narrow waters of the Kattegat from the North Sea into Herr Hit lers private Baltic Sea and min ing it clear from Kiel to Lithu ania The allied efforts to oust the Germans from Norway will pro gress in such degree as the AngloFrench are able lo sever nazi communications with the north The minelaying while lack ing the spectacular aspects oE conflict attendant upon landing of troops in the face of enemy re sistance likely transcends in im portance the landingsthemselves Indeed it seems to me from the facts at hand that it may prove to he one of the kcydevclopmonts of the entire war This estimate must be qualifier by the proviso that pending fur ther details the minefield really the substantial affair whicl the British announcement indi cates and not merely a few mines strewn over an area of 100001 square miles English observers are accepting it as probably representing tin largest naval operation of its kin in history yf 3t if If you glance at your map for a moment you will see the sig nificance of his is hit the AngloFrench allies couldnt carry out a major move of this sort without having at least temporarily seized control if both seas which wash Ger manys northern coast This means that if the allies are able to maintain the position of control they will have severed the Reich entirely from all direct communication with Scandinavia That would be a severe blow to nazi hopes signaling among other things the ultimate collapse of the occupation Norway to be fol lowed by the establishment of an allied northern front lo menace Hitlers right wing The development is all the more astonishing since it appears to indicate that Germanys pow erful airfleet either was drows ing or had been driven to cover by allied airfighters However we wil reserve judgment on that point until we get further details If the allies are able o main lain their apparent severance of the German lines of commun ication with Noruav the forces of occupation shortly will find themselves in an unhappy pre dicament SAYS ITALY MAY SOON ENTER WAR Diplomatic Struggle in Balkans Designed to Strengthen Axis ROME A declaration by Giovanni Ansaldo editor of For eign Minister Galeazzo Cianos newspaper Telegrafo that Italy soon may enter the war has cli maxed a weeklong campaign igainsl the allies by press and radio Italian Ansaldo said those who be lieved Italy would avoid the war ivere deluded He spoke by radio to the armed forces No of ficial text of his made available to foreign correspond ents but an authoritative version was that he said It is not a mat tor of months but ot weeks be fore Italy may find herself com pelled to enter the conflict Diplomatic quarters believed that if Italy entered the war it almost certainly would be on Ger manys side and they said Italys current struggle in the Balkans was intended to strengthen the axis powers grip on the support and supplies of those countries It was believed that Italy was giv ing Germany secret diplomatic aid in the Balkans by such means as expressing approval at ship ments of raw materials from those countries to Germany and dissat isfaction when they ship too much to the allies The attitude of the Italian press and radio since the German inva sion of Scandinavia gave vise to tlie belief that antiallied senti ment had crysUilized in the high est Kalian quarters BULLETIN BERLIN German offi cials asserted Monday that no British troops had landed any where at Norwegian points oc cupied by German forces either at Narvik or anywhere else where Germany hus established herself but may have effected landings elsewhere By LOUIS P LOCHNEll BERLIN Germany Mon day announced two more allied submarines had been sunk ill no Skagerrak a Norwegian torpedo boat captured and a German merchanlship sunk by British air raiders at Bergen Establishment of a strung British naval blockade of Nar vik important northern Nor wegian ore port also was ack knowlcdged by the Germans who said their southern Cartes hud crushed Norways attempt to mobilize in the Oslo region The high command in a com munique declared the two new submarines raised to seven the losses of alhed undersea craft in recent days Two British air raiders wlfo sank a German merchantsliip at Bergen subsequently were shot down the communique declared Shedding scant light on Ger manys land operation in Norway the communique reported capture of Honfoss in the Oslo area rnd said Norwegian effovts to had been crushed in that re gion The captured Norwegian tor pedoboat Hvat will be put into service with a German crew the announcement said reporting quiet on the western front but that two British planes were shot down Authorized Out of confusing and conflict ing reports emerged the outline of Adolf Hitlers methods in undermining or crippling or eliminating Norwegian defense at many pointsby obtaining the cooperation of Norwegian offi cials It was difficult to determine from these reports how much of tlie betrayal was due to coopera tion of key commanders with the Germans and how much arose from faked or misleading orders which deceived the Norwegian armed forces Furthermore it was pointed out here the Norwegian commanders in some instances were faced overwhelming sources acknowl edged that contact had been brok en between King Haakon and the German minister lo Norway Kurt Brauer Germany docs not consider herself at war with Norway although aulhorized sources pointed out that Ger mans were seizing Norwegian menowar and arms wherever they were found German power and the throat of merciless bombardment w h i 1 e their own central defense system was in such chaos that opposition to the invader might have been foolhardy A detailed account ot develop ments at the Norwegian iron ore port ot Narvik was telephoned last week by Peter C Rhodes United Press staff correspondent of the far northern front Rhodes described his own amazement and the bewilderment of the Nor wegians at what had happened there His story released after Ihe Norwegian government had or dered the arrest of Colonel Sundlo Narvik military com mander revealed that Sundlo virtually handed Narvik o the Germans Sundlo is a personal friend of Gen Werner von Blomberg former German war minister He is also an ardent Norwegian nazi Information collected here in dicated that Sundlo was but one of a number of Norwegians who cooperated with the Germans Sundlo according lo Hhodes who saw the whole procedure at Narvik gave orders to his men not to fire on the Germans He suppressed a radio warning from the Norwegian government that the nazis were coming This en abled German destroyers to shell and sink without warning two Norwegian coastal defense boats at Narvik Some 350 WILL PUSH WAR WITH SOLDERS PLANES SHIPS Two German Transports Reported Sunk Mine Barricade Is Put Down BULLETINS LONDON atr min istry announced the British bombarded Slavanger from the air Monday for the sixth time since the Germans occupied the Norwegian city PARIS UP French military circles reported Monday night that allied forces had been landed on the Lofoten islands near Nar vik By HUGH AVAGNON LONDON AP Great Britain announced Monday she had landed soldiers at several points in Norway to press tlie war against the German invaders while her navy anil air force hurled new bolts at the naxis in and around Scandinavia Norwegian reports in Stockholm said British fortes had landed at Nar vik northern Norway Bioff Enters Jail to Begin Serving Term CHICAGO Bioff leader ot 35000 Hollywood union technicians entered jail Monday to begin serving a six month jail term imposed 18 years ago for pandering but his lawyers said they would take new moves im mediately to obtain his freedom Germany still considers herself Norways protector against British invasion Since resistance is being offered however Germany to avert the possibility of great blood shed it is argued here this resistance in the bud Mining of the Baltic by Britain was admitted in part in that offi cial sources said evasively theres considerable fantasy connected with that story Another authorized commenta tor said it was possible that new and then some British submarine might get through and plant a couple of mines Norwegian sailors The Weather FORECAST IOWA Partly clouily lo cloudy Monday night and Tues day rain extreme southeast Monday night cooler Monday night and southeast Tuesday MINNESOTA Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday slightly cooler Monday night continued cool Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Sunday 73 Minimum Sunday night 46 At 8 a m Monday 18 Kaln OD inch YEAR AGO Maximum 56 Minimum 35 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Sl Minimum in night 2 At 8 n m Sunday 12 YEAR AGO Maximum sn Minimum 39 Claims Germans in Holland Are Burning Papers NEW YORK C Kcrker a radio correspondent in Berlin broadcast at T a m C S T Monday that officials of the German embassy at Amsterdam had started to burn all political documents While Kerkcrs broadcast men tioned Amsterdam as the site ot the German embassy it actually is in The Hague Germany main tains a consulate in Amsterdam I Man Finds Large Snake c in Bed Beside Him MARTINSBURG Pa big black snake crept into the cab in of Deputy Fire Warden David Garland and snuggled up to him in bed Jostled Garland awoke tnd readied behind him to see what it was He sprang from one side of the bed and the snake scrambled from the other The visitor sot away lost their lives on the ships The Norwegian government aware that the thrust at Narvik was im pending had ordered substantial reinforcements there But by the time they arrived on the outskirts of Hie city Sundlo had turned ovci his garrison nil military and other supplies to the Germans Leland Stouf correspondent of the Chicago Daily News foreign service in a dispatch Monday from Stockholm asserted flatly thai Norways capital and groat sea ports were not captured by armed force but were seized by means of a gigantic conspiracy x x c the most audacious most perfectly oiled political plot x x x by brib ery and extraordinary infiltration x x x by treason x x x that spiked the guns of most of the Nor wegian navy and reduced its ormidablc fortresses to impo tence Germans could not enter Oslo fjord and Olso without con trolling the vital Norse naval base at Ilorten Stowe reported At Ihat morning 3j hours be fore Berlins ultiinutum x x x Hortcn received an urgent mes sage supposedly signed by For eign Minister Halvdan Kohl It ordered Norwegian ships not to fight against the German war ships which were about to come up Ihe fjord and to put all their men ashore immediately without their arms Without questioning the origin of the order the com mander ordered all men ashore xxx afterward the Norwegian sailor who verified these develop ments declared H was only through treason the Germans got The brief communique stating that British troops arc on Nor wegian soil capped a weekend crammed with these reports by the British 1 The laying of a huge mine barricade across the entire Ger niari Baltic coast from Kiel to Lithuania 2 The torpedoing of the tun German pocket battleship Admiral Schcer by the British submarine Suearfish The ad miralty did not say whether the Admiral Schccr was sunk 9 The sinking by British sub marines of two German trans ports bringing to 12 the total of transport and supply ships re ported sunk in recent days The admiralty also said its subma rines scored four hits on a trans port convoy in the Skagerrak 4 Continued British aerial raids on Stavangcr and on Bergen A gasoline dump was believed de stroyed in a night raid the fifth since Germanys invasion at Slav anger and the admiralty said one German transport was set afire at Bergen 5 A British naval squadron led by the battleship Warspite on Sat uday sank seven German destroy ers at Narvik northern Norwegian ore port There was no hint ot Mon days landing places nor was there any word concerning the number of troops involved However belief was expressed here that Stavanger and Narvik were logical points for Britain lo start land action Germans in Berlin acknowl edged that Narvik was blockaded while German defensive works were reported being strengthened at Trondheim Bergen Stavangcr and Kristiansand British warships were reported to have destroyed seven German destroyers in Narvik harbor Sat urday Germanys novel maneuver in transporting large numbers of Man in Race Dies of Over Exertion LEES SUMMIT Mo Harley Hatficld 2 aid two com panions decided lu race the six miles home to Greenwood After only one mile Jfiitfickl collided and died Dr C G Lcitch coroner blamed overexertion of Ihc heart Area in black shows the new allied mine field extending from Bergen to the Dutch bor der and down the Kattegat The white strip in the Skaggerak represents a channel 20 miles wide through whcih Sweden may move her ships Britain claims the Baltic is being mined
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