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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 4, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME E 4 AH T OF 10VA COM ES U HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPiR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY APRIL THIS PAPER CONSISTS MASON CITY THI MIGHT CHAMBERLAIN CERTAIN OF VICTORY wai show More Jobs for Women By JACK STINNETT WASHINGTON the biggest surprise when the 1940 census figures are in will be the increase in the number of women in the labor force a i Estimates already are running around 3000000 That means there are 3000000 more jobs that are filled or could be filled by women workers than in 1930 Figuratively speaking 3000000 additiona women in the last 10 years have turned theiv backs on housewifery and cast themselves on the auction block of labor The reasons arc numerous The depression years had a tripleplay effect 1 Dwindling family in comes drove the ladies to pound ing the pavements and reading the Help Wanted 2 when the men of the family were thrown out of work completely the wom en had to find employment or the family starved 3 thousands of marriages were postponed in definitely and many of the brides tobe became bridesnevertobe their fiances outgrew finally selected younger women and sought solace and sustenance in work And There are other reasons The spread of birth control as evi denced by the rapidly falling birth rate left more thousands necessarily seeking an interest in life outside the home Contribut ing too was the great increase in housekeeping gadgets releasing from dawntodark house hold duties And the rise of cash realization of the spying involved in having cash on hand to purchase from stores anc companies that had no credit I 1 2 Convicts Who Escaped From Alcatraz Identified in TulsaShootingCTATESllTLER the Rock in San Prancisco bnv n I I1 W Ml I Ltll lii madeliberaldisfounts for There isone other factor worth mentioning Spread of the know ledge among employers that for many jobs women were eminently better equipped and cheaper than men The mechanical computation machine is an example At this women were found to be more accurate steadier neater less in clined to rebel against lack of ad vancement and contented with less pay than were men There are j hundreds of other fields where the same rules were found to apply The result A greater demand for women No city picked at random can be said at this point to be typi cal And tho people who expert the census experts are not basing their conclusions on South Bend Ind where a special census al ready has been taken But it is significant that in that city of ap proximately 100000 there is an increase of almost 1000 women in the labor force since 1930 If you are interested in social service labor unemployment economics or any of a dozen other pseudosciences which concern America in mass youll have to draw your own conclusions Im just telling you what the experts tell big surprise in the census and the one you will be hearing and reading most about xvill be this big increase in the army of women who Work or to A Marital Problem Another surprise lo some al though not to those who are up on their censuses will be that the 1940 tabulation will show a great many more married men than women in the country Thats a money for parlor quiz games but the explanation is simple In 1930 there were approxi mately 200000 more married men than women in the United States The reason was merely that that many male immigrants had ar rived who had not been able to or being able werent in any hurry to send back to the old country for their wives Immigration of course has fallen off Thus the number of married women is approaching the number of married men Byrd Declares South Magnetic Pole Had Moved Since 1929 PUNTA ARENAS Chile Rear Admiral Richard E Byrd said here Thursday thesouth magnetic pole had moved in a westerly direction since he discov ered it in 1929 He said he attempted on his present expedition to fly over the pole again but was unable to do so because of its location atop high plateaus He added he had discovered Jour mountain ranges in Antarc tica which hitherto were un Known agents and state police swarmed over the highways Thursday in pursuit of two bandits identified by the man they shot in the back as Ted Cole and Ralph Roe the only convicts who ever broke out of Alcatraz prison The wounded man George Cal vin a taxi driver who protested when the bandits ordered him from his car and was shot appar ently had established what Gmen had been trying to do for more than two Cole and Roc reached the mainland without drowning after their break from WOMAN KILLS 3 CHILDREN SETS HERSELF AFIRE Believed Demons Were After Her Says 4th Child 11 Also Beaten LOS ANGELES mother beat her three small children to death Thursday with a claw ham mer and then died on a flaming mattress after setting fire to her own hair The dead officers reported arc Mrs Lolita Davis 43 Daphne Davis 10 Deborah Ann Davis 7 Marquis Davis 3 A fourth child Chloe II was beaten almost unconscious but of ficers said she probably would re cover Mama believed demons were after her She thought she had failed my aunts little girl a long sobbingly told investigators who went to the lit tle home In the southwest part of the city She loved us and we loved her thats the only reason she could have done it Chloe continued I saw my sister Daphne uncon scious in the bath tub Then mother hit me on the back of the head with a hammer I fought my mother and tried to take the hammer away from her I ran into the kitchen and there I saw my other sister and little brother dying My mother ran into the hall and set fire to her hair She fell on A mattress and screamed hit cant stand the pain I look the hammer and hit her about 20 times and then the hammer broke I guess I must have hit her 50 times I went to a neighbors house to call dad They heard me phone and called police The father arrived home in re sponse to his daughters call a few minutes after Officers H L Greenwood and E A Stokes had entered the house and discovered the tragedy the Rock in San Prancisco bay on a foggy afternoon in December 1937 Calvin unhesitatingly identified pictures of Cole and Roe as his assailants His identification cli maxed a week of rumors that the two fugitives were back in this neighborhood the scene of their outlaw days before they were put in Alcatraz as desperate felons No man before or since them has broken from Alcatraz For weeks after the break it had been expected that sooner or later the bodies of these two would between the prison island and the mainland seemed beyond the en durance of any swimmer and ev ery conceivable safeguard has been taken against boats going near the prison The federal bureau of investi gation assigned agents to hunt the two fugitives and never recalled them from the job although until this week there had been no pub lic knowledge of any evidence that they were alive and it had seemed that the Gmen were hunting two desperadoes who didnt exist wound He made the identifica tions just before he lapsed into unconsciousness Earlier in the week John Belcher 37 of Paints ville Ky and Lester Crawford 18 of Springfield Mo both hitch hikers had reported that two men resembing pictures of Roe and Cole had offered them a ride and remarked that they lud escaped from the rock The hitchhikers said the two men offered to let them help rob a bank Police revealed Thursday thai had told ashed ashore because the waters them the man they identified THROWS SELF BEFORE ROCKET Nelson 60 Albert Lea Disregards Warning Signals of Streamliner ALBERT LEA Minn UPJAn inquest was ordered Thursdav into the death of Pierce Nehoii about 60 of Albert Lea who sp parently threw himself before a speeding train Nelson was struck bv a north bound Rock Island Rocket streamliner laic Wednesday Police Chief Ted Liefson said iNelson who was walking along side the tracks disregarded warn ing wlnstles and threw himself before the train Liefson said no notive for suicide had been found however Found in Wall of Home at Dubuque DUBUQUE of the esidence of William Deusing 85 ound dead in bed a week ago produced S14995 which had been secreted behind a loose brick of he chimney in the attic The cur rency was in two tin boxes IN EMBEZZLEMENT DAVENPORT WHarold On ey former assistant cashier of the City National bank of Clinton was ndictcd by the federal district court grand jury in a partial re port to Judge Charles A Dewey He is charged with embezzlement in six counts TRADE PACTS CLEAR HURDLE Motion to Require Congress Approval Defeated 44 to 38 WASHINGTON ad ministrations reciprocal trade pro gram survived another major sen ate test Thursday when the cham ber defeated 44 to 38 an amend ment to require congressional ap proval of future trade agreements The amendment sponsored by Senator OMahoney DWyo would have subjected agreements to approval by a majority of both houses OMahoney sought to write it into pending legislation to con tinue for three years the adminis trations power to readjustment tariffs by agreement with other na tions The senate last week rejected to 41 a proposal to require ratification of agreements by two thirds of the senate Thursdays vote helped clear the way for final action on the trade legislation Several other amend ments remained to be disposed of lowever and it was problematical whether a final vote could be raeched by Thursday night Player Dies During Concert But Program s Given as Scheduled SAN JOSE Cal until Thursday did a San Jose concert audience know it had applauded while life slipped away from Charles Hanson on the stage be fore them Hanson 78 a violinist slumped from his chair in a heart attack as the adult center orchestra fin ished its first number Wednesday night The curtain was lowered and Hansons body was carried off stage Then the curtain went up and the orchestra finished its program 2 More Postoffices In Iowa Are Looted WEBSTER CITY fice safes at Blairsburg and Ran dall were robbed Wednesday night bringing the total of post office burglaries in Iowa since Feb 27 to 13 Thieves obtained S200 in stamps and cash bv pry ing open the safe at Blairsburg and S215 in stamps and cash was the loot at Randall where the front door of the postofficc was smashed Missing Clear Lake Farmer Is Traced to Hotel in Fargo Marken Not Seen Since Jan 3 i Makes Car License Transfer Carl Marken 60 bachelor farm er who has been missing from his home near Clear Lake since Jan en he drew approximately from a bank in Ventura registered Tuesday night at the Tweeden hotel Fargo N Dak according to information received Thursday by Sheriff Tim Phalen A message from the state motor vehicle department at Pierre S received by Sheriff Phaleri stated that Carl Marken had transferred ownership ot his car from Iowa to Brown county S Dak in which Aberdeen is lo cated Sheriff Pbaleu siici that a brother of Marken Louis Marken fives at Plankinton S Dak and that he has written to the brother advising him of the disappearance of the Clear Lake man and asking him to get in touch with his brother and make some provision for the neglected livestock A sister Bessie Marken also lives in Des Moines Marken owns land in South Dakota as well as near Clear Lake Markcns ab sence was first noted Tuesday when his cousin Harry Spillman and a friend went to the farm house to buy livestock and found the house locked and the car missing Jess Buttlcman Clear Lake chief of police and Deputy Sheriff Ed Kudcj investigated the disap pearance of the man from his HO acre farm southwest of the lake Marken resided alone it the farm The Weather FORECAST IOWA Considerable cloudi ness Thursday night and Fri day slightly colder Thursday night continued cold Friday Mostly cloudy slightly colder Thursday mKhl Friday partly cloudy and con tinued cold IN MASON CITY GtobcGazeUc weather statis tics Maximum Wednesday Minimum Wednesday niffht 32 At 8 a m Thursday 31 01 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 55 Minimum LOOK INSIDE FOR EARL OF ATHLOXE New AttorneyGeneral of Canada Is Lauded PAGE 2 Palo Alto Rally Day Planned at Emmetsburg PAGE 6 Yankees Head North to Try for Fifth Pennant PAGE 13 Men Watch Man Who Watches Watchman BOSTON one about some men watching the man who watched the A Roxbury brewery watchman called police lo investigate some mysterious sounds Inside iiltcr him for a while the of ficers arrested n man who Mid Roe said he and Cole had escaped from Alcatraz on a raft Calvin said two of the men had referred to each other as Ted and Ralph It was Ted who shot him he said and Ralph reproached him for it didnTt mean lo he quoted as having said Calvin said he did not lose con sciousness immediately after he was shot although the pain from Ins wound was almost unbearable FBI agents said that the report ot Belcher and Crawford was the JAPASSEllVY TO ACT AGAINST RED BLOCKADE Will Not Allow British to Halt Shipping in Chosen Strait Area TOKIO Japanese navy threatened Thursday to take ac tion if the British blockade Is applied illegally to Soviet Rus sian shipping destined for Ger many and indications yere that first they had had on Roe and Cole in a month but indicated thaMhey had checked many such reports Authorities in San Fran cisco still scoffed at the idea that Hoe and Cole could have crossed the treacherous currents of the bay to freedom even after hearing the hitchhikers story More than 60 state and city po criminals the city and state up stations on any blockade action in Chosen Strait would be so considered The warning was conveyed in a statement by the admiralty spokes man Chosen Strait southern gate way to the sea of Japan and prin cipal approach to Russias far east lice and federal agents joined im mediately in the manhunt Flying squads moved into hangouts in troops took highways Tear Gas Is Ask Bankers Jet in First National Bank Explodes and Employes Take to Air of the First National bank were assured Wednesday that the teargas jets of the protective system are effective One exploded about oclock Wednesday afternoon and the fumes set everyone in the bank to weeping voluminously The jet exploded with a loud thud that could be heard in ad joining buildings and tear gas could be detected through many of the offices of the bank building Few persons stopped to detect it however but rushed for tile street and fresh air Windows of the bank were MISSED CHANCE AT WARS OPEN Declares Britain Has Never Been So United Churchill Power Widens LONDON Minister all Chamberlain proudlytold his con servative party council Thursday that lie is ten times as confident of victory now as at the begin ning of the war When we embarked upon this war he said I felt we should be bound to win it After seven months of war I feel ten times as confident as I did at the begin ning W if y The prime minister said he believed that never before in all Great Britains history had the nation been so completely united upon the broad aims of our policy and upon our de termination to carry oil this figlit until we have achieved our purpose He praised the decision of the political parties to lay aside party strife as far as possible in order ern port of Vladivostok separates opened widely for a general spring Japan from the Asiatic mainland airing and it was not long until at I fF U 1t at the Korean peninsula While the ot Japan is not Japanese territorial waters the admiralty spokesman said flat ly that it is a Japanese lake in Japanese eyes The British navy can take any action it pleases there but the re action in Japanese sentiment would be very strong Apparently Japanese objections would be less vehement against British action well removed from the shores of the 500mile wide sea than against any action in 100milewide neck of ocean link ing the seas of Japan and the east China sea The spokesman said hat Japan objects to any extension of the European war to waters near Japan and warned that Japan finds cruisinp warships near Japanese waters very un pleasant Turning to the impending United States fleet maneuvers in the Pacific Die admiralty spokes man said that Japanese unrest was caused by the fact that they are to be larger than ever before and nearer to the far cast SCURRY BEFORE BIG LANDSLIDE 60 State Penitentiary Inmates Escape Injury as Part of Hill Falls FORT MADISON S Ap proximately 60 state penitentiary inmates escaped injury Thursday when some 200000 cubic yards of earth sluffed off a hill on which they were working The men were working on an enlargement project for the state prison at the extreme northeast limit of he penitentiarys wall They detected the slide just as it started and scurried to safety The roaring earth hurtled down the hill to cover railroad tracks and several cars On Feb 27 a previous slide Killed one man and injured an other who still is in a hospital Census Enumerators Who Collected 3 Cents a Person Reported CINCINNATI Census enumerators who collected three cents from each person contacted were at work here Thursday Census Supervisor Joseph Tim bcrman said two of his workers encountered difficulty in their districts when residents reported they already answered1 ques tions pertaining to the count and had paid the questioners at the rate of ihicc ccnts for each mem r of the household K it oyes of the bank considered the lost gas nothing to cry about and went back to their work TWIN CHICKS DUMONT new concep ion of the two chickens in every pot idea is thai introduced by a Dumont hen which recently pro duced an egg that has hatched two lively and perfectly formed twin chicks The egg was hatched in an electric incubator here by Mrs M V Schuler She set the aside because of its larger size and seemingly slower hatching The chicks are a Uttle smaller than the usual run but otherwise are normal They are of a new breed of heavy chickens imported from the east last year by Mrs Schuler CONVICTED OF KILLING SISTER Woman 77 Claimed She Was Directed by Heavenly Father ALLENTOWN P garcl L Cowan 77 year old re tired nurse Thursday was con victed of first degree murder in the mercy killing of her hope lessly insane sister which the elderly defendant said was direc ted by ouv heavenly father She was immediately sentenced to life imprisonment in the state industrial home for women at Muncy The jury of six men and six wo men handed in its sealed verdict at a m Miss Cowan showing no emotion listened intently as the verdict was read She had testified in her own de fense that she had killed her sister Mrs Louclla Sacger 67 at the direction of our heavenly father I knew it was wrong according to the ten commandments and ac cording to the laws of manbut mans law does not count when a human soul is being tortured But the jury decided it did count although it was not revealed how long it deliberated before reaching the guilty verdict The verdict left the matter of sentence to the court which had the choice of death in the electric chair or life imprison ment on winning the to concentrate war I do not claim that the govern ment should be exempt from crit icism he declared but I do feel that as we are all agreed as to 87 Ignoring Traffic Summons Are Hunted DES MOINES court bailiffs Thursday began serving warrants for the arrest of 87 persons who have failed to ap pear iti court in answer to traffic law violation summons Those ar rested face the possibility of pay ing Si of more in court costs in addition to their fines it found guilty See Starve Out Policy Indorsed BERLIN British cab inet rearrangement was declared by authorized German sources Thursday to be a complete in dorsement of Winston Churchills program of starving out Ger many and involving neutralsin the war They professed amuse ment at flic versatility of the cab inet ministers in changing posts without previous training for posts what we want out of this war the government ot the day is entitled to claim general support for its war policy He told his party council that the blockade is being tightened and that as the war goes on that strangling effect will more and more drain the lifeblood out of our enemy He said neutrals could not ex pect that we should allow Ger many to profit indefinitely by our scrupulousness and declared that neutrals realized that our vic tory means freedom for them vhereas our defeat would doom them to slavery CHURCHILL TAKES OVER WAR MACHINE WORK Hardhitting Winston Churchill climbed into the drivers seat the British war machine Thurs day with a big share ot the job of winning public confidence in the governments fighting quali ties A sliakcup in Prime Minister Chnniberlains cabinet puts thr duties of chief war strategist on the shoulders of the first lord ot the admiralty The sliakcup answered iiamnr to fight to the war bul them slili was skepticism whether the prime minister had succeeded in plugging all the gaps in the na lions fightingefforts if Chamberlain however ap peared before the nation In a con fident and fighting mood declar ing in a speech that he was ten times as confident of victory as at the wars outbreak because Adolf Hitler missed the bus by failing n strike with his superior power at the beginning Press reaction lo the new cab inet setup ranged from the Daily WINSTON CHURCHUT
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