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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 9, 1940, Mason City, Iowa HARLOfl R Hisr MEM AR T OSPT OF 0 C 3 K 0 I N F S I A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVI THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION PJUtSS AND UN1TZD PKTSS rUU LEASES WIRES FIVE Cttns A COPY MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY FEBRUARY 9 1940 MASON CITY THC 1POT THIS PAPER CONSISTS or TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 107 U S NEUTRALS START PEACE TALKS Disagree on Method to End War By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist According to the conference on tile cause and cure of war re cently held in Washington the first thing to do toward discovery of the CURE is to determine d c finitely W I a ts the CAUSE In other words a cor rect diagnosis of any disease must precede a decision upon the right medi cine for it This sounds Stewart reasonable The trouble is wars practical students say that its been impossible down through the ages to get the worlds foremost diagnosticians to Turkey Uncovers Far Flung Nazi Sabotage Plot ff Turks Seize GermanOwned Shipyards agree Director David BrynJones of the Kellogg foundation of Carle ton college addressing the con ference prescribed an organiza tion more ambitious than the league of nations to strike at the root of conflicts not merely to at tempt mediation of disputes which already are beyond control It seems it will work For instance I read an advertise ment a few days ago which said Laxatives are a bad thing Dont become constipated in the first place Eat your breakfastfeed regularly and you WONT be Dont let constipation get beyond control Yet sometimes it does even by regular eaters of that particular breakfast feed Theres another way to put it Dr BrynJones thesis is that the league of nations medicine hav ing failed take itinjarger doses ambitious ories The heck of that is that with in creasing dosage the effect wears off An Oriental Remedy Mrs Ammu Swaninadhan of the AllIndia womens conference preached the value of lent resistance to war The western woi ment she said has and found useless Its time that we turned to the philosophy of the Far resistance u t consider Oriental Japan and Oriental China Mrs May Bell Harper of the Womens Christian Union advo cated an international aviation service to lick as policemen the tar out of peace disturbers O K thats pacifism Serve them right is it pacifis tic For Free Trade Secretary of State Cordell Hull thinks he has the right antiwar remedy His theory is that all wars es sentially are on economic grounds He maintains that future clashes can be prevented by reciprocal trade compacts Personally Ive no doubt that hes right However can he get such an in ternational alignment His remedys o k but the pa tients wont take it 100 OF GERMAN WORKERS MUST LEAVE COUNTRY Government Discovers Net of Agents Ready to Perpetrate Havoc ISTANBUL AP Au thoritative sources Friday night said government dis missal of 100 German techni cians and occupation of the Germanowned Krupp ship yards were due to discovery of a farflung German sabo tage plot in the Near East Turkish marines occupied the shipyards Thursday Friday ths government dismissed 100 German technicians employed by the war and navy ministers and gave them 48 hours to leave the country Authoritative sources said the government had uncovered evi dence of a network or nazl aents ready to perpetrate ex plosions train wrecks and other havoc throughout the near east on the signal from Berlin Under the circumstances they said it was impossible to allow the Germans to remain in strategic po sitions especially as the techni cians were completing work on submarines which Turkey would throw into combat if she became involved in war in the spring Turkeys dismissal of the Ger man technicians may be followed by the discharge of others The blanket discharge coming one day after Turkish seizure of the Germanowned Krupp ship yards here applied to 20 marine specialists at the Turkish naval base of Cyeldjuk on the Sea of Marmora 20 technicians at a near Turkeys RHODES DENIED REHEARING FOR MURDER TRIAL lowan Loses Last Legal Resort to Escape Death on Gallows DES MOINES Iowa supreme court Friday overruled a petition for a rehearing of the murder conviction and death sen tence imposed on Waller JI Rhodes Iowa City wife slayer The ruling ended Rhodes last legal resort to escape death on the Fort Madison penitentiary gallows B W Garrett supreme court clerk must now certify the courts ruling to Gov George A Wilson and the Johnson county Turkey ally of England and France seized the Germanowned Krupp shipyards at Istanbul and dis charged German technicians who had been outfitting Turkish submarines This picture shows the launching of Turkeys second submarine from this shipyard in iMarch 1939 munitions factory ulds treatand 60 others active in been tried military preparations SCANDINAVIANS MAY BUY ARMS U S Sale of Surplus Guns Left Over From World War Considered WASHINGTON the senate cleared the way Friday for sction on legislation to make pos sible a 520000000 nonmilitary loan to Finland the administra tion was reported considering the sale to Scandinavian countries of surplus arms left over from World war days President Roosevelt conferred late Thursday with Secretaries Hull Woodring and Edison and the discussions were said to have concerned the advisability of dis posing of surplus army and navy guns A Norwegian official mission has been inquiring into the pos sibility of purchasing artillery in the United States The army has on hand hundreds of field guns and large stores of rifles unused since the World war A house committee reported last year that the army had about 3500 75millimeter guns mostly of French design and officials testified that only 313 of these were needed by active units Officials said that Mr Roosevelt has the authority to declare the arms surplus material and to be subject to disposal Officials said that henceforth no German could work in state owned industries This was be lieved to affect several hundred men in addition to those dis charged Friday Reports that Germanysambas sador Franz von Papen had been directed to make a sharp protest against the shipyards confiscation were answered in government circles with the assertion that Turkey was within her rights Marines continued to occupy the Krupp yards on the Golden Horn at an inlet of the strategic Straits of Bosphorus where 30 Germans had been supervising completion of two submarines for the Turkish navy until their sudden ouster Thursday Confiscation of other German property in Turkey was expected in informed circles which saw the oncestrong German influence in Turkey waning since Turkeys alignment with Great Britain and France It was learned that hundreds or German experts employed in Turkey would be discharged and sent back to the reich They have been acting as government advisers factory technicians and professors in Istanbul uni versity and Ankara agricultural college H In Berlin authorized German sources said confiscation of the Krupp shipyards and the Golden Horn an inlet of the strategic Bosphoius straits was likely to re sult in nothing more serious than diplomatic words and emphatic press comments Germany regards the Turkish act as inspired if not demanded by Great Britain and France but will not be provoked these sour ces said Declining to explain the seizure official Turkish quarters re marked only that spring is com ing SECRET FRENCH SESSION HELD Daladier Discloses German Questionnaire Sent Out for Agents PARIS if deputieswent into ansecret session Friday to discuss the governments conduct of the war after Premier Daladier had disclosed recent raids Gestapo German secret po lice offices in France Daladier said the raids had dis closed an elaborate questionnaire nad been sent to the agents from ermany t It is Fridays session of parlia ment which will answer those Questions for lliem the Premier declared Daladier disclosed that among the questions asked the German agents were Is Daladier liked by the masses What is his prestige What would be the result of a vote of confidence Who are Dala diers friends Who are his adver saries Wartime censorship over which dissatisfaction hasbeenshown re cently was scheduled for criticism from journalist members of the chamber Charges have been made that censorship has been unnecessarily severe and inefficient Paul Faure writing in the so cialist newspaper Le Populaire said Friday One learns now that silence will be enforced as re gards the high cost of living it is a strange delusion to think that in this way the countrys morale can be intelligently maintained Southwestern Iowa Digs Out of Heavy Snow Plows Busy Fair and Warmer Weather Forecast for Weekend in Iowa DES MOINES dug out of its second heavy snow blan ketof the month Friday with fair WISCONSIN MAY Feb 9 Is Bitter Rhodes Anniversary DES MOINES ninth is a bitter anniversary for Walter II Rhodes Three years ago on this day his wife died victim of a dyna miteloaded shotgun he tricked her into firing Friday the Iowa supreme court handed down its final rul ing that he must die for the crime He has no further chance of appeal to that body and warmer weather forecast for the weekend It was still snowing in south western Iowa Friday morning howeverwith a total of inches of snow reported in 26 hours at Mount Ayr Accumulated snowfall on the ground there totaled inch es and drifting was reported on highways Snow plows worked constantly lo keep highways No 3 and 169 open The weather bureau said the snowfall covered the entire state as temperatures ranged down to i j 16 below zero at Alton in Sinnv dele5acs Thursday made it appear almost certain that Wisconsin would be one of the first states to consider the third term issue in a presidential primary Delegates for Vice President Garner were entered last week Under Wisconsin law the presi dent does not have to announce whether he is a candidate and unless he specifically objects his name might be carried on the April 2ballot without his intcn Will Likely Be of First States to Get 3rd Term Issue WASHINGTON Wisconsin came to the forefront Friday as a potential JtooseveltGarner testing ground and eclipsed even Illinois as a probable gauge of the strength of presidential material in both parties The action of the Democratic Party Organization of Wisconsin in filing President Roosevelts name along with a partial slate of Glasgow Steamer Sunk 2 From Crew Missing LONDON OP The Glasgow steamer Chagres 5406 Ions was reported Friday to have been sunk by enemy action off the northwest coast of England Two of the crew of 63 were missing Survivors landed at a northwest coast port included injured a number of Shirley Temple Gets Millionth Fan Letter HOLLYWOOD h i r 1 c y Temple received her onemillionth fan letter Friday Twentieth Cen turyFox Studio said that number was believed to be the greatest ever received by a movie star Shirleys arrived during a period of seven years The millionth let ter was from 10 year old Betty Barton of Detroit Mich Shirley answered it personally her studio said county Spirit Lake had 10 below Mason City 6 below andCharles City one below The snow ranged from onehalf to six inches and although much of it drifted before the sharp north wind no blocked highways were worked throughout reported Snowplows the state A total of 2G plowswas out in Polk county including 12 in the Des Moines area Si iVHJillUa llitTcl p Des Moines had four inches of become known Dies After Finishing snow the while flakes halting be fore midnight Thursday night Heaviest fall was six inches at Clarinda and 5i inches at New Ion Clouds covered the entire state Friday morning except in the ex treme northwest and north central portions the weather bureau said Thursdays highest reading was 34 degrees at Keokuk Colder weather was predicted for the southeast portion of the state Friday night fallowed by warmer readings throughout Iowa Saturday The snow storm was part of a general storm which blew from northern Wyoming to New Mexi co and extended into Nebraska and Kansas It did little to hamper traffic although the Burlington railroad reported one of its passenger motor trains halted at Campbell Ncbr because of tough going Snow and Ice Busy From Snow and Ice KOKOMO Ind and ice have been keeping Snow and Ice busy J R Hudgcns a plumb er has enjoyed a brisk business this winter because of frozen pipes His two helpers are Carl Ice and Gordon Snow Digging of Grave REYNOLDSVILLE Pa heart attack killed John I London 55 in a grave he had just finished digging in Reynoldsville cemetery The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair Friday night and Saturday colder in southeast not so cold in extreme west and extreme north portions Friday night Saturday fair and warm er MINNESOTA Fair and warm er Friday night Saturday part ly cloudy snow flurries in aft ernoon in extreme north warm er in cast and south IN MASON Cm GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Thursday 17 Minimum Thursday nisrlit 6 At 8 a m Friday 4 Snow Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 1G Minimum i Precipitation 08 Snow inches sheriff whereupon it becomes the governors duty toset a date fo the execution Rhodes only possible chance escape the extreme penalty lie in executive clemency He was sentenced to death o the murder of his wife Mabel three years ago She was killed by the blast of a dynamite loadec shotgun the former quarry work cr tricked her into Tiring Rhodes case has been before the supreme court six times The court once reversed his conviction but then changed its opinion when the slate appealed and ruled he must hang No further appeal to that bod is possible for him There is how ever a remote possibility that ap peal might be taken to the Unite States supreme court but such ai appeal have to be based o a question involving the fcdera constitution Rhodes has lingered In dcat row at Fort Madison penitentiar since April 1937 He saw four of his death buddies march in pairs to til prisons twin gallows and han for their crimes All were mur derers Rhodes appeal was taken to the supreme court on grounds that one of the jurors who tried him had formed an opinion in the case before the evidence was heard The court ruled that the tria court was in error in permittin the juror to serve when it versed Rhodes conviction In ruling on the states appea from this opinion the court re versed itself saying that the tru court did not abuse its discretio in holding that the juror had nc formed such an opinion as to ti guilt of the appellant that won prevent him from rendering a tru verdict on the evidence submi ted Rhodes wife died in the base ment of their Iowa City home Feb 3 1937 She was almost de capitated by the blast when the shotgun breech block exploded Rhodes wns convicted of loading the gun with dynamite and gel ting her to fire it to test the firing pin The state charged he had asked another woman to whom he was LOOK INSIDE FOR LORD TWEEDSMUJR Canadian Official Is Still Critically 111 PAGE 2 Plan Safety Short Course at I S T G PAGE 3 AllState Cage Poll Nears for Prep Aces PAGE 9 LOSSES FAILTQ HALT RUSSIANS Soviet Claims 1 3 Forts on Marinerheim Line Taken From Finns HELSINKI Continuatio of Russian assaults on the Manner lieim line on the Karelian isthmii despite heavy red army losses wa reported Friday by the Firinis iigh command In he Summa sector where Russia claimed her forces had taken eight of 13 Mannerheim line forts captured in the last few days the Finns said the in vaders Thursday were repulsed ivith heavy losses while a number of attacks in the region of Funnumioki were beaten off the enemy losing about 700 men and 12 tanks HULL DECLARES PROPOSALSNOT YET DEVELOPED F R Announces Welles to Go to Europe to Survey War Situation AP Secretary Hull announced Friday that diplomatic con ersationa of an informal character have been com menced with neutral govern ments in view of the evident lesiie of all neutral nations the eventual restoration of world peace Hull emphasized that the con versations involve no plan or lans but ave in the nature of pre iminary inquiries relating to a sound international economi c system and at the same time worldwide reduction of arma ments He added that the conversations can be extended to belligerent nations insofar as they involve Iliesc two common problems of lulure peace Hull made his announcement shortly after President Roose velt disclosed that Undersecre tary of State Sumner Welles vould be sent to Italy Ger many France and Great Britain in the near future to survey the war situation lull said Welles would sail from New York on the Italian liner Hex Feb 17 and go direct ly to Italy which would be his first call On the same ship will be Myron C Taylor whom Pres ident Roosevelt named as his spe cial envoy to the Vatican foe the purpose of collaborating with Ihe Vatican in eventual establishment of peace Following Hulls press confer ence the state departmentissued the following formal statement which an official emphasized was not connected with President Roosevelts announcement o f Welles mission It is announced by the secre tary of state that in view of exist ing hostilities in many parts of the world in view of the effect of such hostilities on the neutral iia tions of the world and in view of the evident desire of all neutral nations for the eventual restora tion of world peace on a sound and lasting basis for all nations diplo matic conversations of an infor mal character have been com menced with neutral governments and probably will be continued with all neutral governments Farther cast on the isthmus the army said a battle precipitated by powerful attack by the Rus sians still continues Northeast of Lake Ladoga where the Russians said the oilier five of the 13 captured forts fell to their forces the army an nouncement said heavy fighting continued the enemy has been re pulsed at all points Soviet Russian spies and fighters parachuting to earth be hind the 3Ianncrheim line har rassed the Finns The Finns denied that the Mannerheim line had been pene trated A Russian army communique said attacks on the Mannerheim line had resulted in the capture of 13 steel and concrete forts on the Karelian isthmus The report said the enemy suffered great financially him indebted to marry Dieters Is Studying Project at Coralville DES MOINES H Wicl ers engineer for the state health department Friday began a study I of the proposed Coralville flood control reservoir on which the conservation commission has scheduled a public hearing at Iowa City on Feb 14 Wietcrs said he expects to file a brief of his findings as to the probable effects of the dam from a health stand point 20 miles away thought they felt an earthquake shattered a fire works plant but no one was killed The blast damaged a dozen houses in which people lay sleep ing debris from one shaken root partly buried two people Policfc said it was almost incredible that there had been no loss of life The Rev Nettie Denman 50 Shatter Fireworks Plant Dozen Houses Damaged lPwPle SeTctory waTthe Tile a of rocked the Golden States Fire the fire that followed were the harder than in the serious man m lhc ly injured She and her son Eugene 20 were thrown from their beds and showered with falling plaster Her legs were cut F H Bragg also cut by flying debris was sleeping in his bun galow less than 100 feet from the plant My first thought he said was that it was an earthquake Then I saw a blinding sheet of flame and saw the whole side of the house had been blown in I saw different shells exploding stars and pinwheels flying and the roar was deafening My two brothers nnd I rushed out We were lucky to be alive The 29 small structures in the rocked the Golden States Fire works company plant miles from the center of this beach city shortly before midnight It was felt at Huntington Park and Pasadena 15 miles distant and generally throughout the Los Angeles metropolitan area Many believed it to be a sharp earth quake factory lot all leveled by the Flattened by the three major blast were unoccupied i blasts and 10 lesser ones over a Ihe first of the explosions halfhour period or destroyed by the fire that followed were the main plant building a brick struc ture and 29 small houses in the blocksquare factory system In addition a house across the street from the plant burned down and walls and roofs of 10 other dwellings in the neighbor hood were damaged Windows in other residences were shattered Police at Ingle wood eight miles distant said their station house was jarred harder than in the earthquake of Pat Lizza of Palos Vcrdes owner of Oie plant was in Pitts burgh Pa on business His 20 year old son Hugo had been Icit in charge Young Lizza said he had no idea what caused the explosions un less somebody deliberately It should be emphasized thai these conversations involve no plan or plans but are in the na ture of preliminary inquiries relating to a sound international economic system and at the same time worldwide reduc tion of armaments Malleis involving present war conditions arc not a part of these preliminary conversations These conversations can of course be extended lo belligerent nations in sofar as they involve these two common problems of future peace Hull said that before Welles mission was announced inquiries had been addressed to the coun tries he would visit and no ob jection had been raised President Roosevelt told repor ters that Welles had been instruct ed lo make no proposals or coni mitments in the namc of the United States Kc said Welles1 mission would be solely to obtain confidential information on conditions pre vailing in the four principal countries of Europe jfjfifi It was presumed however that the information gathered by Welles would be used by the president and Secretary of State Cordell Hull to help them deter mine whether the time is ap proaching when this country might be in a position to help formulate peace proposals A full statement issued by Mr Roosevelt said At the request of the president the undersecretary of state Mr Sumner Welles will proceed shortly to Europe to visit Italy touched a match to the sivcs He estimated the France Britain Germany This visit and Great is solely for the purpose of advising the pres ident and the secretary of state as to present conditions in Europe Mr Welles will of course be authorized to make no proposals or commitments in the name of the government States of the United
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