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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 6, 1940, Mason City, Iowa i NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME KARLOH fi HIST UEM 4 AR T OEPT OF IOWA COUP UOINES It THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVI MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUU LEASES WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JANUARY 61940 ItOS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 78 REDS TOLD KEEP OUT OF RUMANIA Charles P Stewart Says U S Population Near Limit By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist PRELIMINARY to starting on Uncle Sams decennial count to ascertain the size the tountrys population census bureau experts are doing some advance figur i n g W h a t theyre trying to determine is At what num ber of millions and fractions of an additional million can we consider that weve ceased to increase and we already have as many men women and children in our midst as ever were likely to maybe well even register a little shrink age thenceforward Past calculations have indi cated hat 155000000 probably would be about our maximum after that our population would remain about stationary Todays guessing is that 145 000000 would be a better esti mate Theres some suspicion that the which coming tally will prove to us to World have hit the 145000000 total in the last were nu merically static we no longer are a growing people reckoning arithmetically Whats the Reason Our immigration restrictions in recent years have had a good bit to tdo with it We haven t been scooping in foreigners as once we admit ran and partly because they havent been anxious to come depression pe riod Our birth rate has declined also we havent as large families as formerly These two influences have sig nified materially American medicine partly has modified t h e m folks dont die as fast as they did earlier and quite recently in our national history The census bureaus problem is to hit on a correct balance between our dwindling immigation and birth rates on one hand and our dwindling death rate on the op posite hand Theres a Difference Nevertheless theres a differ ence between dwindling immi gration and birth rates and a dwindling death rate Immigrants generally are young folks Newlyborn babies are VERY young They constitute be tween them a rising generation The old folk who DONT die be cause modernmedicine wont let em altogether are another type of humans Such a pretty general switching from a youthful peppy genera tion to an elderly more or less discouraged generation has its eco nomic effects The wouldbe in coming generation is kept back by older people who dont want to be displaced by the younglings The outgoing generation doesnt want to be hustled It resents the youngsters Census Bureaus Job It isnt the census bureaus job lo enter into these economic issues Its mission is to provide the in formation from which economists can interpret the situation In this line the ablest economist I know of is O E Baker of the agriculture department Bakers thesis is that weve got to readjust on age lines For example lie says when reached a stationary pop ulation real estate hasnt the value that it had when we were increasing in numbers and were in competition for ground to stand on Baker agrees that we havent arrived yet at that China But he does contend that were trending toward it He thinks we ought to modify our economics ac cordingly Weve got overflow room in Latin America Presently Latin America will be overdone thats a prob lem for the distant future a ma ter of centuries Who cares for the thirtieth century STAND IS FD R Seeks Renewal of Reciprocal Trade Act TAKEN IN TALK BY KING CAROL Thousands of Peasants Cheer as Loyalty Is Pledged to Rumania C HI S I N A U Rumania King Carol served a strong warning to soviet Russia Sat urday that Rumania will fight as one if Rus sian armies attempt to invade Bessarabia Speaking after reviewing a huffe parade of troops planes and tanks at CJilsinau Kishi capital of Bessarabia 12 miles from the Russian border the kins insisted Bessarabia will always remain Rumanian by the force of our arms General George Argesanu com mander of the third army corps told the crowd which assembled at the governors palace to hear the Icing that the whole army from the first mail to the last is ready to defend the eastern border Russian Ukrainian and German minority leaders of Bessarabia LOOK INSIDE FOR was war Russian until the settlement publicly swore allegiance for themselves and their followers to King Carol and Rumania Russia never has recognized Rumanian sovereignty over Bessarabia We pledge our lives for our beloved Rumanian fatherland they declared As he reviewed the troops King Carol was flanked by Premier George Tatarescu Crown Prince Mjhai and the ministers of war DIANA LEWIS Rumania was reported to have moved most of her troops out of Bessarabia a few months ago with tile semiofficial explana tion that the province was im possible to defend If it was in vaded Rumania indicated at the time the Rumanian army would abandon it and make a real stand along the river Prutb However authoritative sources have admitted that since Fin lands successful resistance against the Red army the government lias moved troops back into the prov ince and expressed greater con fidence in Rumanias ability to de fend herself in case of a Russian invasion Twenty thousand peasants from all parts of Bessarabia wildly cheered the kings speech The official purpose of King Carols visit to Bessarabia was to OFFICIAL DIES AT 34 JEFFERSON CITY Mo Earl E Cramer about 54 secre tary of the Missouri slate high way commission from 1929 to 1933 died Friday Survivors in clude his widow and a daughter Mrs J W Tenill Burlington Iowa WILLIAM POWELL Movie Thin Man Is Married to Actress PAGE 2 SENATE INQUIRY ON US BUDGET SEEMS CERTAIN BiPartisan Support for Investigation Is Evidenced in Senate WASHINGTON fl Senator Harrison D Miss reported at he white house Saturday that President Roosevelt was in sym pathy with his proposal for a special congressional study of the Budget Harrison lold reporters it also was agreed in his hourlong conference with the president to seek uncompromisingly for renewal of the reciprocal trade agreements act which expires June 12 Failure to continue the administrations trade policy would be construed by the world Harrison said as repu diation 05congress of the practice of lowering tariff bar riers This he declared would les sen Americas influence in helping solve economic questions at the end of the war Special taxes asked by the president to finance 5160000000 of emergency defense costs was discussed the senator said bu no specific levies were suggested Harrison has indicated opposition to new taxation pending a thor ough study of the fiscal program which the president submitted t congress Thursday The senator said Mr Roose velt expressed the hope that there would be complete co operation between the appro priating and revenueraising committees and thought he pro posal for a 24member joint committee was a step in the right direction The president Harrison con tinued felt teamwork on the part of tax and spending com mittecs was needed to carry ou the suggestions for retretichmen anad to approach a balanced bud get within a reasonable time1 I may the senator added that the idea in my proposal is not an intention to deprive any other committees of their func tions and should in no way de lay expeditious action in enact ment before June 30 of all the ap Large Land Owners Reject Farm Law PAGE 5 Mason City High Wins in Conference Tussle PAGE 9 Cars Fail to Follow Leader Talle Requests Domination Papers propriation bills Its objectives is to lay the cars of the southbound Chicago Great Western failed o follow the leader Friday afternoon and ended up in the ditch The baggage cur is overturned and the combination car is upright beside if Three men were injured when the two cars took to the ditch A spread rail is believed to have caused the accident The train service was resumed Saturday Lock photo Kayeuay MESERVEY RAIL CRASH HURTS 3 Spread Rail Believed to Have Caused Two Cars to Leave Tracks was re sumed Saturday on the Chicago GrsatWestemrailroadline here following an accident Friday af ternoon in which three men were injured when two cars of the southbound train left the tracks two miles east of here John V Ruble head mail clerk Minneapolis Minn suffered back injuries George A Nelson as sistant mail clerk Minneapolis Minn received cuts and bruises C L Atherton baggage and ex pressman Omaha Nebr suf fered a leg injury The three men were taken to a hospital A spread rail was believed to have caused tile baggage and combination cars to jump the tracks The engine and coach of the three car train remained on the tracks The baggage car over turned in the ditch but the com bination car remained upright The injured men were riding in the baggage car The train Omaha The KIXG CAROL inspect military units in tbo rov ince stationed on a war fooung for three months The monarchs broadcast was in reply to declarations by Ger man Ukrainian and Russian mi nority leaders in Bessarabia as suring the kins of their loyalty to the Rumanian covernmcnt Tiie German leader said we arc ready to sacrifice our lives for the country which has become our fatherland I dont have the feeling that I have come to an adopted land King Carol said but to a prov ince which always has been Ru manian At this very difficult mo ment it is quite necessary that ev erybody do his duty I am very grateful for the thanks expressed by minority leaders and I am happy to see them Rumanian body and soul The only thing which should in spire us is a union of all peoples within our borders Under this inspiration we shall never be van quished I am happy lo find the same spirit of unity here as in all parts of the country the river Dniester from soviet Russias Ukraine and until 1918 most of it had been held by Russia for more than a century After the 1917 Russian rev olution Bessarabia decarcd for autonomy and renounced all tics with the soviet union On Nov 27 1918 a Bcssarabiam national council voted for voluntary and unconditional union with Ru mania whose princes had ruled he district in preceding centur ies In 1020 a treity was signed by Rumania Britain France Italy and Japan recognizing Rumanias possession of tiie province bill Italian ratification was cicJayed until 1927 and Japans never wat given Russin never lias consented to loss of the province and therefore is one of the several claimants for Bessarabia Rumanias north eastern province is separated by foundation in the preparation of signals and teamwork such as a football team would follow Strong bipartisan support for the inquiry was evidenced among senators Senator DMich sug gested that the senate act inde pendently if necessary Senator Borah HIdaho asserled that the taxpayers as well as naval ami military experts should be heard from before congress voted on proposed increased defense ap propriations V At the same time several dem ocrats added their approval to the republican support given a sug gestion by Senator Harrison D Miss that final action on appro priation bills be delayed 60 days while a 24member house and senate committee studied pros pective expenditures in relation to etsimated receipts as well as the possible need for new taxes Senator Tydings DMd in dorsed Harrisons suggestion as a step toward the formation of a real budget in which both income and oulso arc consid ered Senator George DGa said he also was favorably im pressed Additional republican supporl appeared to be solidifying behind the action of 14 minority members who came out of a caucus FriJay with a suggestion that a joint was bound toi northbound train was delayed until the derailed train could be cleared French and German Artillery Engage in Western Front Duel PARIS ami Ger man artillery including siege guns large calibre dueled on the vestern front Saturday in the Apach sector near the Luxem bourg frontier following a sudden artillery offense Friday Patrols on both sides were ac ive but airplane activity was re duced because of bad weather German planes reconnoitered over northeastern France British planes were active on the coastal section of the front a n the return of lands which Ru1 committee of senate and house warj military affairs members inquire settlement With Russias apparent adopt Uon of a policy of resuming domination of territories which were Russian under the as exemplified by her pacts mak ing Estonia Latvia and Lithu ania virtual protectorates and Iicr invasion of mania has feared that she would try to seize Bessarabia That province would be the log ical starting points for any soviet campaign of penetration into the Balkans Bessarabia 17146 square miles with 3110654 inhabitants in 1937 is third largest of the Rumanian provinces both in area and pop ulation proposed new ap proprialions but into the results obtained from past expenditures Senator Borah who was no present at the caucus said he was in full accord with the proposal The time element was lookec upon as one possible stumbling block to joint committee consid eration of the budget problem because leaders already have planned to submit 14 appropria tion bills to the house in H weeks Despite this however Chair man Doughton DN Car of the house ways and means committee tentatively approved the Harrison suggestion after a conference a the white house Friday Henry O Talle Decorah re publican now serving his first Icrm in emifrress as representa tive from the fourth district Saturday requested nomination papers from the office of sec retary of state at DCS Monies The request came by mail from Washington where Mr Talle is attending the session which opened Wednesday STATES GOLD WAVE LESSENS Temperatures Will Not Drop Below Zero Forecasters Predict DES MOINES cold wave slackened off Saturday after failing Friday night to come with in 10 degrees of the previous nights frigid 19 below zero mini mum The mercury Friday night dropped to nine below at Chero kee seven below at Atlantic and six below at Sioux City and Iowa Falls but the weather bureau said Saturday nights temperatures would not range below zero to five above Snow was predicted on the heels of the warmer temperatures mov ing in from the west Skies were clear over most of the state Saturday morning except in the southwest portion No pre cipitation was reported in the last 24 hours The mercury Friday mounted to a high of 16 degrees at Dubuque and Davenport Thermometers stood at four degrees here at 5 a Youthful Pilot Flies From Texas to Rites of Minnesota Friend MINNEAPOLIS Minn The chief mourner at the funera Saturday ot George Mitoff 47 victim of the Marlborough hole fire was a 3outhful Texas iir lim pilot who flew here to pay las respects Jo a close friend He was E J Kniemer 25 Fort Worth who several years age ittendcd school here on aid give lim by Mitoff After being grad uated Kraemcr went to Tcxa where he became a pilot fo American air lines Mitoff came to the Unite States from Bulgaria 27 years ago He was without immediate rcla tives FINNS REPORT NEW VICTORIES Russ Supply Column Destroyed 1 1 Tanks of Reds Are Captured HELSINKI ol wo enemy tanks and the capture of 11 others and destruction oE lussianlsupplycolumnsiand field batteries by coastal forts were reported Saturday night by the Finnish high command armys communinue cov ering Fridays developments reported quantities of booty had fallen into Fnnish hands in the flight of Russians eastward to their own soil It is said eight Russian wnr ilanes were shot down Friday according to confirmed reports vhilc an additional two planes were believed forced down Military observers predicted a winterlong siege ot tiie Manner loim ine on the Karelian isthmus Saturday as the Russian invaders were reported driven back in con usion on the eastern fronts along waistline With a stalemate in the Arctic md reports of a second major Finnish victory in the Salla Een Lor observers saw a conccntra lion of Russian activity in the isthmus sector overhanging Len ingrad Continued bombardment of Oivi tp fortress and aerial attacks on Viipuri gulf of Finland port led to the belief a major oltcnse ifiht be impending in that area The committee for the aid of Finland hciicted by former Presi dent Herbert Hoover of the United States is caring tor ibout 1 persons and 100000 more probably will be added Committee Repre sentative Dorsey Stephens re ported Stephens explained contributed from the United States is being used for food and cloth ing for refugees from cities PROTEST MADE AT CHANGES IN WAR MINISTRY Oliver Stanley Takes HoreBelishas Job as War Secretary of State LONDON ministers took over the portfolios of war and information in the British cabinet Saturday in a shakeup reputedly designed to silence in ternal dissent in one department and presscriticism of the other Leslie HureBelisha ruddy rotund secretary of state for war who gained fame by lirushingr many cobwebs of tra dition from the army hierarchy was replaced Friday night by flic conservative Oliver Stan Icy president of the board of trade Sir John Keith chairman of Imperial Airways succeeded a fellowScot Lord MncMillan us minister ot information and Sir Andrew Kae Duncan an attorney and banker was chosen to head the board of trade He has not been getting on with the generals and he goes commented the London Daily Mail of HorcBelishas replace ment which the press generally protested Editorials called for ex planation in a fulldress debate in the house of commons Lib eral and labor members of par liament also registered nation over the chiBceaaSiheS opinion was that it merited thorough investigation HoreBelishas policy of pro moting younger officers over the heads of older ones was said to have contributed to his failure to get along with Lord Gorl head LESLIE HOUEDELISHA The Weather FORECAST IOWA in west and cx Ircme south increasing cloudi ness elsewhere nnt quite cold in west Saturday night Sunday mostly cloudy snow in west and south MINNESOTA Generally fair I Saturday niRht and Sunday continued cold with somewhat colder in northeast Saturday nighl IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at B a m Saturday Maximum Friday Hi Above Minimum in Night 6 Below At 8 a m Saturday 6 Below At 2 p m Saturday 18 Above YEAR AGO Maximum 11 Minimum 24 WEEKLY FORECAST CHICAGO oiit look for the week beginning For the upper Mississippi val ley and northern great plains week generally cold not much precipitation likely v i successor r By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS L 0 N D O lain drops war secretary in cabinet shakeup opposi tion press demand explana tion H E R I J hold British cabinet shakeup de stroys hopes for early peace dean up eastern front Karelian Arctic sectors stalemated VENICE Italian Hun garian foreign ministers probe Balkan problems warns Russia against in vading Bessarabia says na tion will fight as out of Hie Britishcxixxlitiuiiuiy forcer in France and himself one of the younger men whom HorcBelisha had advanced to high position The 43 year old ministers ad vocacy of a unified command on the western front under tin Frencli General Maurice Guslave Gamelin was reported to have re ceived scant support from his of ficers He was said to have en countered opposition of Air Min ister Sid Kingsley Wood when he urged a single command for the air force and army in France Although lbcse undercurrents never swept into the open Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain was reported in order lu pre set c peace n the government have asked HorcBclisha tn take Stanleys hoard of trade job but HorcBclisha refused His letter of resignation said For reasons I Kavc vou ver bally he could not accept an other office The Times of London which never has been friendly toward HorcBclisha said that Thanks largely to him a new British ar my ivas In i fair wiy to come in to existence Military chieftains had looked askance nt him however since he took office in 1937 as a muchad vertised new broom nnd placed the nccent on youth by retiring socalled dcndwood generals lie got better pay pensions and living conditions for enlisted men sought ctjuiil opportunity for all ranks rind furthered the mech of a horseloving army Hc extremely popular with the enlisted men The man in the street re garded UoreBclLsha as second only tn Winston Churchill first lord of the admiralty in pros
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