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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 21, 1939, Mason City, Iowa HIST NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME QF 4 AH T IOWA U VOLXLVI ASSOCIATED PBESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED W1MS HVE CENTS A COFX THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY DECEMBER 21 1939 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 63 REDS BOMB HOSPITALS IN FINLAND Trotsky Is Sincere in Beliefs By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist REPRESENTATIVE MARTIN DIES Texas muffed a wonder ful chance in antagonizing Leon Trotsky as a witness before the congressional investigation of anti American ac tivities in this country Trot sky was willing to cross the Rio Grande from Mexico whe r e hes in exile to testify but he said he would not answer a q u e s tionnaire from Mexico City Leon Trotsky Some of the testimony the Dies inquisition has developed has come from rather questionable birds who admitted that they had been connected with organizations of foreign agitators in our midst but had soured on them for no very creditable reasons not because they werent being paid from head quarters as they had hoped to be Such witnesses arent overly con vincing Theyve been small cali ber plotters anyway Even Earl Browders a joke Nobody takes him sexiously Trotsky however is a major personality There isnt any doubt about his sincerity either How ever questionable his philosophy hes made sacrifices for it Hes a guy of honest convictions What he says is to be taken at its face value as he sees values Trotskys Background When I first met him was in Russian czarist flays before the World war nis ownr countrys revolution He TV as an exile in Switzerland Previously hed been an exile in Siberia His name isnt Trotsky Its Bronstein Hed snooped out of Siberia somehow under the name of Trotsky In that era it was thoroughly respectable for a liberal Russian to be in exile from his czarridden home land Stal inist Russia is so bad now that weve forgotten how bad we con sidered it under the Romanoffs Today we look sympathetically upon an exiled cxczarist Then our sympathy was all with the wouldbe Russian revolutionists True we deemed em a trifle ni hilistic but our consensus was that a modicum of nihilism was excus able under the Russian circum stances Next in came Kerensky His regime internationally was rated as violently red because it was compared with ezarism Neverthe less Kerensky wasnt much more than a rather pronounced demo crat He wasnt advanced enough to suit Comrade Trotsky Lerin followed Kerensky Lenin was right down Trotskys alley He was as leftist as Leon thought he ought to be but no such OGPUist as Comrade Stalin developed into Lenin Public Spirited Lenin in short in his queer way was public spirited Trotsky was his main com missar of war seemingly a darned good prospect to succeed Comrade Nicolai as soon as the latter left a vacancy But it didnt work that way Comrade Lenin croaked and Com rade Josef Stalin grabbed the job I presume he was a more ener getic practical cuss than Comrade Trotsky Anyway he elbowed him self into the bossship It seems funny to speak of Trot sky as a conservative He was a ripsnorting dynamiter under the czar He was a conservative under Kerensky He was rightinline Under Lenin Hes a reactionary under Stalin Stalin exiled him as fast as the czar did He hit somewhere in southeastern Russia Then he wig gled into Turkey I met him the second time at Istanbul formerly He said he did not like Stalinism any better than he liked czarism Briefly hes a straddlcr between leftists and ULTRAleftists Nazis Protest Internment of GraTSpee Crew Siailors Who Flashed Signals From Raft Are Reported Rescued LONDON IJF Six Swedish sailors who flashed lamp signals to a British airplane from a raft after their steamer had gone down in the North sea were reported Thursday to have been rcscuec by a destroyer The warship wa guided to the scene by the air plane which was on patrol The Swedish steamer the 1366 tor Lister presumably struck a mine Wednesday SHOCKGIVENBY SUICIDE LOSS OF LUXURY SHIP Langsdorff Puzzles People Who Thought Warship Won Victory BERLIN UPJ Germany has protested to Argentina against the interment of the crew of the pock et battleship Admiral Graf Spee on the ground that they were shipwrecked mariners it was announced Thursday The official news agency said that it was believed the German ambassador at Buenos Aires Bar on Edmund von Thermann had made the protest in person to the Argentine foreign ministry The Argentine government an nounced by decree that the Ger man ciew of the Admiral Graf Spee would be interned said the agency Against this decision the German government has formally protested pointing out that ship wrecked men who reach a neutral country cannot be interned In similar circumstancees the Neth erlands government released the crews of the Aboukir Hogue and Cressy s A single German submarine U9 sank these cruisers in the North Sea Sept 17 3914 Some survivors reached Holland News of the suicide of Capt Hans Langsdorff of the Graf Spee swept through Berlin Thnrsdayafter the brief formal announcement in one nionunr newspaper ofa formal naval high command communique People on their way to work could be heard discussing it Hitherto they had accepted the battle of Montevideo as a great German naval victory in keep ing with official announce ments There was comment also on the scuttling of the liner Columbus off the American coast It was well known to Germans as the third largest German liner Afternoon newspapers p u b lished both the naval high com mand communique that the navy understood Langsdorff s motive and honored him and a five line official news agency communique on the Columbus scuttling Explaining the scuttling of the Graf Spee on Adolf Hitlers per sonal order an authorized spokes man said Thursday that Hitler made the decision Sunday after a conference with GrandAdmiral Erich Raeder navy commander in chief He wanted to avoid the risk that technical secrets of the pocket battleship might fall into British hands during internment the spokesman said and held that the possibility of a fight with the British ships was eliminated by the ships unseaworthiness The message ordering the scuttling probably was wirelessed direct to the Graf Spec the spokesman said To the ordinary German the news of the suicide was at once shockingand confusing after belicvinjf that the Graf Spec won a victory over the British cruisers He was shocked by the loss of the Graf Spee through scuttling and at its captains suicide but readily accepted the view that Lanffsdorffs hon or as a navy officer had been upheld Suppose We Boost Fund to 1480 300 13011 HONOR ROLL PREVIOUSLY REPORTED 1113717 GlobeGazette Carrier Boys 00 June 100 Mason city Theatrical SUje Employes and Motion Picture Projectionists Local 450 Sam Raizes Department Store i Stojlei Press Employes Xo Name E T IV CluL RoobeveUJacksoii p T A Pat anil Mike McCoy East State Street Club United Pickint House Workersi No as Merkels Derailment state KumDubble Sunday School Class First Baptist Church rlcnus The Thursday Mason City Grade Teaclier AMOciation J 11 Youngnlood Grades J 5 and I Wilson School Machinists and Helpers of c M St P Jt p Railroad Shop MORGENTHAUIS AGAINST TAXES ON CONSUMERS Indicates Opposition to Certificate Plan for Farm Parity Aid WASHINGTON Morgenthau saying he was op posed to further taxes on con sumers indicated Thursday he was opposed to the proposed certificate plan to raise farm parity benefits The treasury head added how jver that the administration had not made a final decision on the certificate plan proposed by Sec 00 retary of Agriculture Wallace SKSV Wallace has been asked to attend a second meeting of the presidents jooo idea Some Germans expressed be gra ou lief that had Langsdorff not been euaranterri interned and had held iopc that urc of he might again get into active mcnt servicc he would not have killed himself Had he remained at Buenos Aires he would have had SHOPPING DAYS LEFT New Total SI 7 A special siory concerning IV ednesday nigh fs benefit broadcast will be found on page 20 The total in cash real ized from the program will be listed in the daily Hoatr Rail la the nest NLESSWEMISS OUR GUESS the 1939 Christ mas C h e e Fund total When the cam paign comes to a close Satur day afternoon is going to be const derably nearer than to the 31300 mar I set in advance of the solicita tion This was assured Wednesday night when gifts and pledges to taling were received dur ing the course of a special benefit broadcast over KGLO This total is not included in the list above but it is hoped that all Dont Forget the Salvation Army It is reported that collections for the Salvation Armys Christ mas fund have not quite meas ured up so far on the street cor ners of Mason City A minimum of SoOO is needed and the amount thus far realized is appreciably short of this sum The response to the Christmas Lhcer Fund in contrast has been admirable which prompts us to remind readers that the Salvation Army cause is fully as worthy Each works in its own field gear ing mio the other perfectly Each is needed it our community is to do its Christmas job in a com plete manner Mason City you know never does things by halves It isnt going to in this instance We therefore commend to all generoushearted people the ven ture in brotherly love symbolized by those Federal avenue shelters and their tinkling bells With the Christmas Cheer Fund th 81500 goal and the Sal over the SoOO have satisfaction and content rfien Christmas day dawn on City Buenos jyres ne wouia have lad musicians who g to give his word of honor not to Pledges will be converted into and talent on the leave the country cash m time for i nn casri m time for inclusion of th CHRISTMAS SEALS at Yh ul r tnbutioijs to fiscal and monetary committee this afternoon to talk about the Morgenthau said he did hot know whether this meeting would produce any decision but it it did he said the verdict would be communicated to the president and not made public Wallaces certificate plan pro poses transferring from the treas ury to farm product processors and perhaps in turn consumers the burden of farm parity payments which cost last year Instead of the treasury paying farmers the differences between market prices and socalled parity prices elevators and others buying major crops from farmers would pay the full parity price direct ly to the farmer taking a certift cate provided the former by the agriculture the difference between market and parity value MRS ALDERMAN LOSES ACTION Denied Heart Balm in Suit Brought Against Ruth Etting LOS ANGELES fP Blond Mrs Alma Alderman wife No 2 of pianist Myrl Alderman lost her heart balm suit Thursday against Torch Singer Ruth Etting Alder mans third and present wife Ending nearly five months de liberation Superior Judge Samue Blake held that the evidence wa1 insufficient to show the motive of Miss Etting were improper 01 that Miss Etting knew of an al leged reconciliation between Al derman and his wife The trial was enlivened with the names of such luminaries as Sar ongGirl Dorothy Lamour Actress Edna Torrance and Radio Singer Dorothy Page Neither Alderman nor Miss El tins attended Miss Ettings first husband Martin Moe Snycler testified against her Aldermans first wife testUied against the sec ond Mrs Alderman Alma and for the third Mrs Alderman Alma Alderman sought to show that Miss Etting stole her hus bands affection by wealth and prominence MRS BRABANT DIES NEW YORK Mary Clark de Brabant daughter of the late Senator William A Clark of Montana who inherited 000 from her father 15 years ago died after a nine weeks illness may call 161 with their informa tion A special thanks is due the KGLO announcing and engineer ing staff and to the more than 100 musicians who gave of their time Their efforts focused Am uLiuaiuii 01 me intir unuiis xocuseu community entire amount in the next listing attention on this cause as nothing lh t ias readily see push else could Many compliments the total above the goal have been received on the quality fnr i X n0t Thc Beater the of this years program and the ef total the greater the assurance fectivcness of the appeal that thn rt shoud fce understood uat in the raising of this annual Christ upon whom fortune hasnt mas Checf fund not one cent of expense is incurred Every dollar L Shop in cash or merchandise goes to the North Federal needy for whom it is intended avenue continued to do a flourish The not very large expense in undcr postage and the like is r hearth h accePteti tllc GlobeGazette cE Dakin and KGLO as a contribution to the v hue Miss Dons Bruce and her fund additional to the more tlan assocates n their Social Welfare one hundred dollars in from cipacny are in excellent these quarters this year position to know the needs of the Mail or bring your cash con American Cruiser Picks Up Survivors Slao Slates coast Russians Celebrate His 60th Birthday i c of he German liner Columbus 400 miles offthe United boat burned as her survivors reported lo number 6J8 mode their way Jo Hie Tui alT h C Germi WaS scuttled by her own crew utraliiy at the approach of a British warship seen here on the horizon f Columbus Survivors Tell How KanySclfttle Orders 2 Who Lost Lives Apparently Thought Act Was Merely Drill NEW YORK of the German liner Columbus told Thursday how nazi ships carry trained scuttle squads to com ply with general orders from Berlin requiring them to burn and sink their own vessels rather than let them fall into enemy hands The Columbus destroyed by its own crew Tuesday off the Ameri can coast aCter it sighted a British destroyer was the 12th nazi ship sent to the bottom under Avlolf Hitlers policy of suicide before capture Its master Capt Wilhelm Daehne who with 578 other sur vivors was taken to Ellis Island Wednesday night from the U S cruiser Tuscaioosa seemed de pressed at the loss of his snip but shrugged fatalistically when asked why he had given the command to sink it PAGE 2 the GlobeGazette r who M i f C1Vlngu telephone No 161 it you have who might by chance be missed merchandise to contribute Unbeaten Raiders Set for Mason City Scrap PAGE 3 Swedish Contingent Leaves for Finland STOCKHOLM first large contingent of Swedish vol unteers about 200 men left Stock holm Thursday for Finland A crowd at the station cheered and sang the Swedish and Finnish na tional anthems and the Lutheran hymn Mighty Fortress The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair slightly colder in extreme northeast not quite so cold in extreme northwest Thursday night Friday increas ing cloudiness slowly rising temperature possibly liffht snow in extreme MINNESOTA Fair in east portion mostly cloudy and not so cold in west with occasional liRht snow in extreme west Thursday night Friday cloudy and somewhat warmer occasi onal light snow in west IOWA SHIPPERS FORE CAST FOR THURSDAY NIGHT Northwest 10 north cast 5 southern half 15 about the same in cities IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette wcathor statis tics Maximum Wednesday 24 Minimum Wednesday night 10 At 8 a m Thursday 10 YEAR AGO Maximum 32 Alinimum 17 SOME PATIENTS HURT DEFENSE FRONTS INTACT Blizzard and Bitter Cold Help Finns to Halt Soviet Thrusts By THOMAS F HAWKINS HELSINKI Russian ulanos Thursday bombed a hos pital dormitory heavily damaged a school for the blind and struck seven out of 10 other hospital mildings The hospital patients were imong the injured and some deaths were reported likely This raid on Helsinki coming on lie sixtieth birthday of Joseph Stalin the Russian leader started at a m a m and followed earlier attacks on towns for 25 miles around the capital Fifleen bombs fell in the five jlock hospital area As this story was being sent via Copenhagen the connection suddenly was severed presumably by another air raid alarm It was the third successive day of aerial attacks on Helsinki and vicinity A direct hjt on the soviet Rus sian 232G5ton battleship Oktai brskayaRevolulia October Revo lution was reported by Finnish officials Thursday as the Finnish Russian war raged on land and in the air The Finnish announcement said the hit was scored by coast de fense batteries guarding Koivisto a Gulf of Finland seaport about GO miles northwest of Leningrad On three Finnish defenders held their snow sheathed lines aided by bliz zards and bitter cold against il mssscd nnd tanks Yon fjct an order and you obey he said quietly You dont ask questions i f The lean middleaged German sea captain said the Columbus scuttled within the American neutrality zone 240 miles south east of Nantuckct Shoals lightship carried no weapons other than six pairs of boxing gloves The crew members were higoly excited on docking at Ellis Island to read of the suicide at Buenos Aires of Capt Hans Langsdorf f of the Admiral Graf Spee who scut tled his crippled pocket battleship off Montevideo last Sunday on or ders from Berlin Thc survivors including nine women stewardesses and two boys will be kept at Ellis Island until they have been examined by im migration officials V They appeared happy to fie ashore and laughed as Ihcy de scribed how they scuttled the liiird largest vessel in the Ger man merchant marine Third Officer Henry Lampc t 27 said tde two crew members lost when the others put out In 22 lifeboats apparently thought he alarm was only the signal for another scuttle drill Lampc a stocky figure speaking in slow precise English explained that when the alarm sounded in dicating an enemy vessel had been sighted each crew man leaped to carry out orders given in advance He said the Columbus seacocks were opened by engine crews while ten men seized drums ot benzine ami emptied them in strategic spots throughout the ves sel Two trusted sailors Lnmpc con linucd followed them with incen diary torches that turned the 32 SOflton ship into a flaming hulk Crew members ad their duffel bags packed ever since the Co lumbus left Vera Cruz Mexico CAPT WlLifELM DAEIINF last Thursday noon for a tlcslina lo the press iis Oslo Norway but known only to the captain Most of Hie crew until they were actually on deck thought the last abandon ship alarm was merely another scuttle drill By THE ASSOCIATED TRESS u s s i a planes raid Finnish capital seven hospitals hit bitter cold aids defenders on war front union celebrates Stalins 00th birthday on vast scale of soviet tanks reported stalled by cold weather on northern Finnish front NEW tion officials on Ellis island examine 576 rescued crew members from scuttled Ger man hnor Columbus pro tests lo Argentina against internment of Graf Spee crew A Danish news dispai ciffo Copenhagen reported two days ago that the October Revolution had been sunk This hower was denied unofficially in Helsinki be fore confirmation Thursday that the vvaiship had been hit One of three Russian battle ships the October Revolution was completed in 1314 and was part of the czarist fleetin the World war as the Gangut Her normal creiv is 1125 men and her heavi est weapons 12 12inch and 16 47inch cannon A Russian destroyer and patrol ship were reported sunk by the Finns last week Red army planes attacked Hanko on the southwest corner of the Finnish coast Wednesday and swung along the railroad in the direction of Helsinki The extent of damage was not known but reports from scattered towns indicated n heavy toll of civilian deaths and injuries About 200 Russian planes were seen last night in widespread at especially in the southeast A similar estimate was made of air raiders sighted in dnvlight both Tuesday nnH Wednesday Officials siicl not ill of the Russian bombs dropped in the hospital area exploded hut the dormitory a fivestory structure of red brick sustained a direct hit The bomb collapsed the rnof and upper two floors wrecked the back of he building and tore out the front Windows were broken over an aren of a square mile The clinic building a fivestory stucco structure was damaged heavily as was the school Cor blind a building four stories hHi and a block long Power lines dangled over the streets which were littered with glass and bricks Firemen police and workmen labored steadily clearing away the wreckage and spraying water on small fires burning here and thcie though no incendiary bombs were dropped One bomb which fell into the street beside the sschool for blind blasted a sixfoot crater in solid rock another burst gas mains Most of the hospital patients had been removed but 10 were too ill to stand transfer and one of these injured seriously while another was struck bv stones shot through u window by one bomb explosion Warner Blewett 17 Slightly Improved CHARLES Valley hospital attendants Thursday said the condition of Warner Blcwctt 17 was slightly improved thiniRh it remained critical Blcw ctt hot then clubbed to death his 14 year old sweetheart DOTI Ihy Cartel near Coiwcll on Dec
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