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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 2, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY THI VOL XLVI ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNIT1ED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY 1939 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE N047 REDS LOSE BATTLE I Finns Take Arctic Town From Invaders Russ Troops Poorly Eauipped for War in North Soviets Rush Reinforcements NORTH SURRENDER NEVER SAYS FINN LEADER HELSINKI supreme commander of Finlands armed forces declared Saturday the whole country is ready to fulfill its duty unto death to support the new govern ments determination never to surrender the little republics independence While the battered nation steeled itself to meet fresh as saults by Russias mighty machine Field Marshal Manner heim issued this order Finlands president has named me supreme chief of Finlands defense forces Brave Finnish soldiers I under take this task at an hour when our hereditary enemy once again attacks our country Confidence in its chief is the first condition of success You know me and I know you and I know the whole coun try is ready to fulfill its duty unto death This war is nothing but the continuance and the final act in our war for liberty We fight for our homes creed and fatherland Mannerheims appeal for the confidence of the nation s armed forces came after the head of Finlands new govern ment established Friday to replace the regime which Rus sia accused of provoking the undeclared war had announced the nation was ready to negotiate for peace but never would surrender its independence Ominous quiet enveloped capital after two days of bombing and Finns feared it was only a lull before new attacks Firemen and police fought fires in the city and searched tor bodies in the twisted wreck age of apartment buildings Government spokesmen said students of the wrecked Helsinki Institute of Technology were missing and feared more bodies would be recovered from the four block area of ruins Two professors were known to have been killed when the insti tute was destroyed by Russian Authorities announced 200 Rus sian prisoners had been taken on the eastern front Tie Finns were faced with the problem of caring for refugees from their bomb torn cities Roads outside Helsinki were crowded with trucks automo biles and wagons carrying women and children from the danger area Railroad stations were jammed with refugees seeking less precarious resi dences inland Military leaders said a new automatic rifle was proving suc cessful and causing heavy cas ualties among the invading Rus sians In a speech broadcast to the United States while his country counted its dead from repeated Russian air raids Premier Risto Rvti declared are willing to negotiate re garding every issue that may arise between two neighboring nations but we will not consent to barter away our independence nor our right to decide our own affairs The whole world is our wit ness that this defensive struggle is justified and is in keeping with every Saw that governs the existence of a nation For this reason the people fight with a pure conscience As the premier announced lands determination to carry on flames crackled through the cap ital where 30 women and chil dren were reported killed Fri day as soviet planes bombed and machinegunned the working dis trict There was no naval bombard ment of Helsinki but cities else where on the southern coast were reported to have been shelled heavily by the red fleet Early Saturday snow began falling or the capital rising hopes of the populace for a whiteout which would hide objectives from enemy bombers Reports from the battle zone on the Karelian isthmus be tween the Gulf of Finland and Lake Ladoga indicated that Finnish troops were holding fast without serious losses Official sources said 36 or more soviet tanks had been destroyed on this front To cheer the embattled Finns came word a Russian warship had been sunk by shore batteries in a heavy bombardment of the Rus saroe fortress at the strategic city of Hango which guards the en trance to the Gulf of Finland Dispatches from Stockholm said the vessel had been identi fied in a Finnish radio broadcast as the 8500ton cruiser Kirov with 500 men aboard Finnish casualties were reported small The Russians were said to have suffered large losses The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair to partly cloudy Saturday night and Sunday colder in extreme east portion Saturday night slightly warmer Sunday MINNESOTA Mostly cloudy light snow in extreme northwest portion Saturday night and light snow or rain in niorth and cen tral portions Sunday warmer Sunday and Saturday night ex cept in southcentral portion and along eastern boundary IN MASON CITY I GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 a m Saturday Maximum Friday 50 Minimum in Night 20 At 8 a m Saturday 20 Precipitation 08 Trace of snow YEAR AGO Maximum 40 Minimum 28 WEEKLY FORECAST CHICAGO out look for the week beginning Dec 4 Upper Mississippi and lower Missouri valleys Generally fair except for brief periods light pre cipitation extreme north portion warmer beginning of week tem perature above normal until near end Northern and central great plains Generally fair tempera ture above normal early and mid dle portions week colder toward close Its Fun Its Simple Its Profitable The Chuckle Contest Turn to the WantAd Page Now for Complete Details F D R INVOKES MORAL WON AVIATION SALES Asks Manufacturers Not Sell to Those Who Bomb Civilians WASHINGTON naming countries President Roose velt said in a formal statement Saturday the government hopes American manufacturers and ex porters of airplanes aeronautical equipment and materials would bear in mind the governments policy of condemning unpro voked bombing of civilians The brief statement was issued after the president had conferred with Secretary Hull in his white house study It followed too presidential appeals to Finland and Russia not to bomb civilian populations These countries were not named in the statement but there was little doubt it was intended to apply to their conflict The statement follows The American government and the American people have for sometime pursued a policy of wholeheartedly condemning the unprovoked bombing and machine gunning of civilian populations from the air This government hopes to the end that such unprovoked bombing shall not be given ma terial encouragement in the light of the recent recurrence of such acts that American manu facturers and exporters of air planes aeronautical equipment and materials essential to air plane manufacture will bear this fact in mind before negotia ting contracts for the exporta tion of these articles to nations obviously guilty of such unpro voked bombing In releasing the statement to the press Stephen T Early a presidential secretary said he would like to take the opportunity to call to the publics attention the fine spirit of cooperation given by American manufacturers and exporters to the governments policy as outlined in the state ment He disclosed that Finland was preparing a formal reply to the presidents appeal that there be no bombing of civilian populations He said that the American min ister to Finland already had re ceived an oral reply expressing the Finnish governments high gratification at the presidents action and assuring that a formal response was being prepared Early was told that Tass of ficial soviet news agency had distributed a communique as serting that Premier Molotoff had described the presidents appeal as pointless since Rus sia was not bombing Finnish towns and did not intend to do so Early was asked whether he re garded that as an answer to the presidents appeal I dont see that it constitutes an answer he asserted You might ask the dead the injured and their widows and orphans how pointless it is or has been Of course I mean the dead civilians There was widespread specula tion that Secretary Hull might marshal public opinion against plane sales to Russia by calling attention to a statement he made in June 1938 when he undertook to halt tlie sale of Americanmade bombing planes to Japan He said then that this gov ernments repeated condemnation of the bombing of civilian popu lations was directed especially at the manufacturers of military planes and the general American public as well as foreign powers Although the government had no power to enforce Hulls other than public proved effective Where RussFinn War Is Raging This Central Press fotbrelief mapgraphically shows attack on Finland by Russian armed forces of air land and sea Helsinki formerly the capitaland Viborg important city near the bor der bore the brunt of the first Russian air raids Soviet planes dropped incendiary bombs on Helsinki causing many disastrous fires The Russian navy also bombed the Finnish coast RANSACK POLICE STATION DETROIT red in the face police reported Friday that a burglar had smashed 40 locks and ransacked contents of as many the base ment of police headquarters TEMPERATURE DROPISSEEN Trace of Snow Is Seen in Various Points in State DES MOINES cold breath swept down over Iowa Saturday bringing light snow flurries to Dubuque Davenport Des Moines and Mason City The snowfall however was too light to be recorded the weather bu reau said The bureau warned shippers to protect for temperatures as low as 15 degrees in northern Iowa Sat urday night after the mercury dropped to a low Friday night of 23 degrees at Iowa Falls and Charles City and 20 in Mason City Temperatures stood near the normal mark Saturday morning little changed over Friday the bu reau said Measurable amounts of pre cipitation ranging upward to 14 of an inch at Iowa Falls occurred mostly between 7 and 10 a m Fri day and skies were cloudy Satur day morning at all points in the state except Sioux City Fridays highest reading was 55 degrees at Council Bluffs BULLETIN MEXICO CITY UR Mexican supreme court by a vote of 3 to 1 Saturday upheld Mexicos expropriation of Am erican and other foreign oil properties The decision was handed down following debate which began Nov 15 It rejected the appeal of 17 American British and Nether lands oil companies whose properties were seized by the government on March 18 1938 and who contended the action was unconstitutional Former L S U Educator in Pen MORE MEN CALLED COPENHAGEN Dan ish radio announced Saturday that Sweden was calling up more men to the colors and was suspending all army leaves Dr James Monroe Smith former Louisiana State university president holds a machete as he cuts sugar cane at the Louisiana prison farm Angola La The educator was convicted in connection with an investigation into funds of the university HAWKS HERE Iowas Hawkeyc cagers will open their season against the Carleton college five in the Roosevelt fieldhouse here at 9 oclock Saturday evening fol lowing Mason Citys contest with Newton high school which starts at Short dedication speeches in connection with the opening of the fieldhouse will be made during thehalf time period of the high school game by Coaches Rollie Williams of Iowa and Marshall Diebold of Carleton and others A number of tickets are still available at Decker Brothers and at the fieldhouse doors SEVERE TYPHOON STRIKES MANLA severetyphoon struck the but crippled communications made it impossible to check immediately concerning casualties SHAW UPHOLDS RECTVASION English Playwright Says U S Support of Finns to Blame LONDON Ber nard Shaw told the Daily Mail Saturday that the United States support had been responsible for the Soviet invasion and asserted that Russia had no other choice but to defend herself from other great powers in whose behalf the Finnish government was act ing No power can tolerate a fron tier from which a town such as Leningrad could be shelled when she knows that the power on the other side of the frontier however small and weak it may be is be ing made by a foolish government to act in the interests of other great powers menacing her securi ty the socialist playwright said Finland would have refused the probably not Russian offer had she been acting on her own or in her own interests but Rus sia believes that Finland thinks she has the backing of America and other powers Asked by the DailyMail What conceivable defense can you make for this soviet attack on Finland Shaw replied without hesitation I think the explanation is perfectly simple Finland had been misled by a very foolish government She should have accepted Russias offer for the readjustment of territory She should have been a sensible neighbor He said the Finns obviously be lieved that they had the support of the United States or they would not have taken the stand they did against a nation so much stronger It is not at all a question of Russia a great power attempting to subject Finland which is a small power he said It is a question of Russia seeing to her own security and it was very foolish of Finland not to accept Russias offer for an exchange of territories In Russias view Finland can have no defensible objection to the carrying out of the exchange of territories for which Russia she is allowing herselfto be used byAmerica or another western power There can be no possibility of Fin land planning any attack on Russia by herself nor would any of the territories which Russia asked her to transfer enable her alone to defend herself effec tivly against Russia Russia then concludes that this foolish refusal to actin a heighborlymannerjmustbe based upon Finlands belief that shehas the support pf western powers Russiasposition jis difficult and quite naturally lie is determined to securerherself FINNS DEFEAT ENEMY NEAR SALMIJARVI BULLETIN MOSCOW a special broadcast at 11 oclock Saturday night the Moscow radio announced that the Fin nish revolutionary government and the soviet union have signed a pact of mutual assistance and friendship The red Finnish government was established on the Karelian border Friday BULLETIN HELSINKI Finnish newspaper Helsingin Sanomat reported without confirmation Saturday night that Russian troops had attempted to land from planes in parachutes near Viborg but that all had been killed before they reached the ground BULLETIN HELSINKI soviet Russian pilot shot down during an air raid on Helsinki Friday has been identified as a woman the Finns announced Saturday The small feet of the pilot aroused Finnish suspicions and they established her sex KIRKENESNorway troops fighting fiercely were reported Saturday to have cleared invading Russian forces from the entire Petsamo district on Finlands Arctic coast The port of Petsamo seized Friday by Russians report ed to have been landed from bombers by parachute was said to have been recovered by a Finnish column after an all night march through the snow The reports said however there were indications heavy Russian reinforcements were enroute making it doubtful whether the Finns could stand their ground Fighting in the Petsamo district was almost entirely by infantry as the roadless mountains and deep snows prevented either side from bringing up artillery Finnish soldiers who recaptured the seaport marched all night through the snow to reach their objective How ever they had the advantage over the Russians who after taking the town found all the food supplies either carried away or destroyed in the fire which followed the air raids There were unconfirmed reports that British warships had been seen in the Arctic ocean near Petsamo arousing speculation as to possibility of RussianBritish friction Civilian refugees brought word of Petsamos recapture The refugees also declared the Finns had defeated the Russians in a battle 50 miles north of Salmijarvi site of valu able Britishowned nickel mines just inside the Finnish Norwegian border The Russians were said to have left on the battlefield more than 150 dead whose equipment and clothing indicated the red troops were poorly prepared for war in the far north Many apparently had frozen feet Russian reinforcements were reported enroute to Pet samo and a new battle was expected Soviet warplanes meanwhile continued active in the narrow Finnish corridor leading to the Arctic Lowflying planes were reported to have attacked Finnish trucks car rying refugees toward Norway Bed sheets were tied over some of these trucks as camou flage in the snowcovered terrain Reuters British news agency reported that Finnish troops after an all night march over snowcovered roads had made a surprise attack on Russians at Petsamo Finnish air craft aided the infantryRussian losses were believed iheavy Refugees reported the Russians had blown up the Salmi jarvi bridge after trying vainly to demolish it with aerial bombs Friday They said a fierce battle was raging close to the Norwegian border with 800 Finns attempt ing to fight off vastly stronger Russian forces with machine gun and rifle fire At Salmijarvi near the Nor wegian frontier the Finns were said to be pouring gasoline on rooftops and firing the houses to impede the Russian advance Ani mals1 were slaughtered to prevent them from falling into the invad ers hands Most public buildings in frontier villages have been converted into barracks for refugees Schools in some instances have been con verted into hospitals in expecta tion of an influx of wounded Fin nish soldiers Football Scores FINAL Navy 10 Army 0 Stanford 14 Dartmouth 3 THIRD PERIOD Holy Cross 0 Boston college 0 New York 7 Fordham 12 FIRST PERIOD St Louis U 10 Washington U 0 Southern Methodist 0 Texas Christian 0 Georgia 0 Georgia Tech 0 Louisiana State 6 Tulane 7 I VETERANS BODY FOUND LORIMER fl A tenday search forEdWeeks World war veteran ended herewhen his tangled M a fence thicket The coroner said Weeks apparently was1 killed by the accidental discharge ofhis shotgun while hunting Nov 19 UMPIRES MOTHER DIES CINCINNATI L Goetz 79 mother 6t Earry Goetz National basetiall league umpire died Saturday
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