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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 27, 1939, Mason City, Iowa It NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME fl HIST HEM t T DEPT OF lOYt CVP C E S U 0 I N IS U THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES Alt NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAYSEPTEMBER 27 1939 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE MASON CTV THB BRIGHT SPOT Hardships of War for Refugees Poles Try to Escape War Hawks Then Submit to Domination by Germans RUINED WARSAW GIVES UP TO NAZI ATTACKERS NEW PLANS OF REDS AND NAZIS HINTED IN TALK Diplomats Speculate on Von Ribbentrop to Moscow Conference MOSCOW ff The coming Big Battle Reported Staged n North Sea But Versions Agree on No Other Detail These terrified Polish refugees arc hiding In a roadside ditrii beneath shielding bushes as planes drone overhead When the hawks of war have passed on they scramble nuickly on to lit to resume their mad flight to the border of Rumania and safety enemy c road foreign minister the presence in of Germanys coupled with Moscow of the Turkish foreign minister caused diplomatic circles to speculate Wednesday on pos sible developments rivaling in importance the Germansoviet Russian nonaggression pact These developments said diplo mats might include 1 Signing of a Germansoviet military agreement 2 Formation of a new Balkannear eastern bloc under the guidance of Turkey and Russia 3 A joint Germansoviet re quest that Turkey act as inter mediary in attempts to negotiate peace in western Europe The purpose of the visit of German Foreign Minister Joachim von Hibbentrop said Tass officia These Polish peasants are shown timidly emerging from their hastily built bomb shelter ai a Her man soldier approaches to tell them thai so far as they are concerned the war is over and to register Clough Warns of Hysteria By CHARLES T STEWART Central Press Columnist Is Germany proHitler Would Adolf win in an honestly con ducted election Nobody can tell course But I have some family connections in the fatherland and Ive tried to find out from them personally If theyre there at this time naturally they dont tell But Ive seen sevr eral of them on visits to this country Since theyve intend ed to go back it goes without theyve expressed themselves only in the faintest whispers The consensus I get though is this With the war on the Germans want to win At this juncture they wouldnt dump der fuehrer In the long run however the German bulk appears to be anti naziistic It wants to get back ultimately to democracy It harks into a past when young Germans immigrated into the United States to escape universal military con scription Muzzled Temporarily Some of our best liberals like Senator Carl Scbui2 were of that era And some of our ripsnorting radicals lile Gov John Peter Altgeld of Illinois But even Alt Seld wasnt nazi he was an ex aggerated democrat The dope I get is that todays Germany is the oldtime article STEWART that Its muzzled but only temporarily In the last war we had a cen sorship Said Robbie Burns of censor ship Heres freedom for him who would read Heres freedom who would write Theres none ever feared that the truth should be heard Save them that the truth would indict1 Let em fulminate Id say Let antiHitler em indict cmsclvcs V Third Term Question In a recent column I indicated my belief that present conditions hint at a third term President Roosevelt One of my readers out in Iowa replies How can it be argued that in America we should abolish essen itial traditions merely because war hyster war senti ment or b o cause the presi at this happens to be obligated for Mr Roosevelt or any other president of the United States I should hope that newspaper writers would think this thing through and not lend themselves to the type of political propaganda indicated by the conclusion of your was to the effect that our tendency is war ward Mine isnt believe me Im a pacifist I was so considered in the last war But not this time Im Russians Report Steamer Sunk by Sub Hear Estonia h MOSCOW Soviet government Wednesday night announced the Russian steamer IMetallist had been torpedoed and sunk by an unidentified submarine en the northern coast of Estonia Soviet patrol ships rescued 19 members of the Jlctallists crew Five others were reported miss ing The official announcement of the sinking came as the Soviet press published sharp attacks on Estonia for her handling of the submarine problem accusing the small Baltic nation of pro viding naval bases for foreign powers English j LONDON P Winston Churchill first lord of the admir alty told the house of commons Vednesday that a squadron of Jritish warships was attacked in he North sea Tuesday by 20 Ger man planes but that none was hit No British casualties were re Jorted but one German flying 5oat was shot down and another damaged Churchill said An other German aircraft came down and we sent a destroyer to collect and her crew four who were brought in as prisoners A Berlin communique said the nazi air force had successfully attacked several British warships in the North sea and that besides one airplane carrier which has been destroyed several severe hits were scored on one battleship Our airplanes sustained no if X Churchill stated Sir Charles Forbej com manderinchief the home fleet has wirelessed as follows Tuesday afternoon in the German BERLIN IUR German air planes in an attack on a British battle fleet in the North Sea have destroyed a British aircraft car rier badly damaged a British bat tleship and returned to their base without losses the high com mand asserted Wednesday The high command commu nique indicated that the battle was the greatest and the most dramatic ever fought between airplanes and warships a battle such as naval and air plane cxperfs had awaited for years to decide the entire fu ture trend of spa warfare According to the German com munique the nazi airplanes at tacked n British fleet including battleships an aircraft carrier cruisers and destroyers in the middle part of the North Sea This presumably would be twecn the EnglishScotch and GermanDanish coasts and th British naval bases on the Scot land coast and the German nava base at Wilhelmshaven which th British bombed Sept 4 gether with an aircraft carrier The Germans had got back a the British afer this raid i which the British said they se verely damaged a German pocke battleship and the Germans sai there was no torpe doing the 22500 ton 000 British aircraft carrierCpu 12BO me middle of the North sea a squad ron of British capital ships to cruisers and destroyers was at tacked by about 20 German air craft No British ship was hit and no British curred Iowa City Light and Power Company Wins Franchise Elections IOWA CITY By margins of approximately 400 votes the Iowa City Light and Power com pany Tuesday won a special elec tion battle to obtain 15 year fran chises to provide gas and elec tricity for this community Finn unofficial returns showed residents voted 2TG3 to 2331 in favor of the franchise and 2 by his office permit 701 to 2291 for the electric service and authority to protect America so far possible ifrom becoming gi n v o 1 ve d in war Espcci ally what my cor respondent R H F CLOUGH F Clough of M a s o n C i t y Iowa is afraid of is n third RooseveVUan termFar be it from me to boost for a third presiden tial term But I do think that a third term is hinted at by the present war situation It isnt a question of whats de sirable its a question of whats likely to happen Overwhelming Sentiment I I see lid reason my respondent lor adjournment o i T what I believe to be the overi KCflS whelming sentiment of Die Ameri can people against a third term 1 PJ j The company Fought the fran chises on the grounds that the present plants had reached peak loads of production and the long term agreements were necessary before it could plan a halfmillion dollar expansion and improvement program Opponents contended that year toyear franchises would be more likely to assure low rales Russian news agency was to dis cuss problems connected with de velopments in Poland Moscow observers thought it significant however that von Ribbentrop should time his jour ney to coincide with the presence ot Turkish Foreign Minister Sukru Saracoglu Recalling von Kibbentrops first historic visit here Aupr 23 when Germany and Kussia sipmed their epochal nonasgrcs sion pact these observers were prepared for surprises Von Ribbentrop was scheduled to dine with the German ambas sador Wednesday night and it was believed unlikely that his talks with soviet officials would start before Thursday While the visit of the nazi of ficial occupied the center of the stage there was speculation on the possibility that Russia may have made strong demands for maritime rights upon her little Baltic neighbor Estonia A communique issued Tues day night accused Estonia of harboring unidentified subma rines in her waters and declared that an Estonian explanation of the escape of an interned Polish submarine from he harbor of Tallinn had proved unsatis factory 1S FATALLY INJURED OTTUMWA Bab cock was fatally injured when struck by a truck as he was riding a motorcycle here last night casualties were in bbat was shot down and another re ported badlr damaged I might add that another German aircraft came in the North Sea Churchill said We sent a destroyer fo collect her and her crew of four who have been brought in as prison ers if if if A later announcement disclosed Lhc sea and air engagement oc curred about ISO miles off the Norwegian coast Churchills statement and an identical one issued by the admir alty a few moments later were prompted by questions from the labor opposition concerning the German claims that their North sea attackers had scored direct hits on a British battleshin dur ing an engagement Expect Quick Victory in Cash Carry WASHINGTON W Support ers of the administrations neu trality bill to repeal the arms em bargo and bar American ships j from carrying any cargoes to beli ligerents claimed 56 senate votes Wednesday and began talking of a quick victory if if One member of the grnup said he revised bill to be consid ered by the entire senate foreign relations committee Thursday liad stolen much of the opposi tions thunder by its cash credit and carry provision Opponents prepared to confine their fight to the embargo issue Senator Johnson RCal said it was going to be a long scrap and we expect to win Opposition lenders claimed at least 35 votes and said they hoped to swing more to their side during debate A senate majority is 49 Advocates of repeal were dc lighted by the announcement that The presence in Moscow of the I Alfred E Smith who has taken Turkish foreign minister led issue with Roosevelt domestic some quarters to believe that j policies would deliver a radio Russia might be seeking an im speech in support of the presi aboard nearly 550 were lost Shortly before 1 p m Wednes day 6 a m CST the high com mand announced tersely the new of the warshipairplane battle The communiques said meicl that German airplanes had a tacked and bombarded Brilis battleships an aircraft came cruisers and destroyers in th middle North Sea that an ail craft carrier had been destroyed and one battleship badly damaged and that the German planes re turned without losses In addition to this aircraft car rier and the Courageous the Ger man high command had claimed during the weekend the torpedo ing of an unidentified British de stroyer and the destruction of 250000 tons of merchant shipping RESCUERSHUNT PLEASURE SHIPS Fear Death Toll to Exceed 00 From Storm Off California LOS ANGELES Fair veuther and calmer seas came to he aid Wednesday of rescue ships seeking 30 or more pleasure boats missing after a storm Fears grew lowever that the death toll would exceed 100 Known or believed dead were 38 persons 27 of them missing after the fishing boat Spray cap sized Sunday night At least 13 other vessels were wrecked Damage estimates exclusive ol agriculture ran to SI 000000 largely along the seacoast Truck crops suffered moderately bul ranchers said benefits to the multi million dollar citrus industry from early rains would offset the losses By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS BERLIN Germany re ports Warsaw defenders have offered to surrender and nazi air force success fully attacked British war ships in North sea com munique interpreted as meaning second British air craft carrier sunk of Ger man Foreign Minister von Ribbentrop causes specula tion on possible German soviet military pact Tur kish foreign minister con fers with soviet officials v PARIS French dis patches iepovt portions German Siegfried line wiped out as heavy cannon ading sounds along western front L 0 N D 0 Churchill says 110 British ships were damaged in attack by 20 nazi planes Tuesday in JNprth sea one at tackier cap in red one downed one damaged T A L L I N Estonian foreign minister makes sec ond trip to Moscow in three days f D i p I o mats report Moscow nego tiations for sovietItalian guarantee of Balkan status quo Rumania uneasy over territory won in World Avar PAN Aft A Twentyone American republics consid er establishment of joint sea patrol for information and protection of American shipping 2 Die as Locomotive n Texas Explodes portant agreement concerning the Turkish controlled Dardanelles the entrance to the Black Sea Passage through the Dardanelles is vital to France and Great Bri nin should they need to go to the assistance of Rumania Rumanian reports continued to deny the sovietRumanian frontier had been closed Score by innings Cards R H E dents neutrality program Smiths address will be given Sunday at 6 p m CST over a CBS hookup under the auspices of the Ameri can union for concerted peace efforts The administration itself is not taking a hand in the speech making campain for removal of the embargo Mr Roosevelt had little to say about the neutrality bill at his press conference but he told re porters that the war and navy de partments had asked him o direct attention to the fact that some foreign were attempt ing to buy strategic war mater ials in this country in the open market CITY PROBABLY TO BE HANDED OVER SEPT 29 German High Command Announces Capitulation of Suffering Capital BERLIN AP The German high command an nounced Wednesday night that Warsaw had capitulated unconditionally and added hat the handing over of the city probably will occur Sept 29 The announcement came several hours after an earlier communique declaring that Warsaws defenders under the thrust of German assaults be gun Tuesday had offered Wed nesday morning to surrender if if If Gen Johannes von Blaskfl had been commissioned tn arrange details of the capitula tion The German announcement came at the end of the 20th day of Warsaws siege As late as p m a m C S T the Warsaw radio was heard in Budapest the announcer declaring that the city still was holding out and would resist to the last The announcement was read over the Berlin radio at m p m CST and then a mili tary band played Dcutschland Uber Alles and the nazi Horst Wessel song Bul even amongthe nazis who had fousht for almost three weeks against the Polish defend ers there was praise for the courage ant bravery of the troops lhat held out day after day in the shellpocked and firescarred city H had been a siege and a de fense to go clown in the pages of military heroism side by side with the great battles of the past Khartoum Mafekirig Madrid and the which not military strategy but the determination of the defenders has been the out standing factor win or lose A final bigscale assault to wipe out Polands defenses was launched Tuesday Wednesdays regular morning communique ot the German high command said in part MILLSAP Tex A Texa and Pacific train carrying score of football fans was wrecked j Tuesday night by an explosion in the locomotive killing the engin eer and conductor and injuring nine other persons There were 151 persons on the train heiclcd for SwceUvatcr to pick up the Texas Christian university fool ball team which plays U C L A in Los Angclca Friday LOOK INSIDE FOR The Weather FORECAST IOWA Much cloudiness Wed nesday night and Thursday probably showers in northeast portion not so cool Wednesday night somewhat warmer Thurs day in cast and south portions MINNESOTA Generally un settled probably showers Wed nesday nlfjht or by Thursday not so cool in west and south portions Wednesday night some what warmer Thursday in ex treme cast portion IN MASON CITY weather statis tics Maximum Tuesday 5 Minimum Tuesday night 39 At 8 a m Wednesday 17 YEAR AGO Maximum 83 Minimum 2 JEAN Gives Testimony at Cochran Murder Trial PAGE 2 Pow Wow to Be Held at Rice Lake Sunday PAGE S Preps Take New Grid Jobs for Mason City PAGE a The attack Tuesday brought the first line of fortresses in the north and the second line of fortresses in the souih into our possession Under tlin thrust of these at lacks the Polish commander Wednesday forenoon offered the surrender of the city and he military force The chief of UIK army commissioned Gen vnn Blaskowiiz io conduct negotia tions for the surrender On the 20th day of Warsaws siege a German radio station using the wave length of the si lenced transmitter in the Polish capital urged the citys defenders Wednesday to save the lives of your women and children by lUrrendering Conditions in Warsaw were contrasted by the announcer with conditions in the Germanoccupied portion of the country The city is entirely cut oft from lie rest of the world the broad caster said and there have been many suicides as the military foolishly drives people tn un necessary misery hardships nnd sacrifices1 The citizens of Warsaw arc living under the false belief that hey arc defending Poland when there is no Poland The speaker described Hie sec tion row controlled by Germany as being in complete order with restored commerce md with the currency and credit flow soon to be resumed The German Maff deeply re grets the ncedles destruction o so many people the announcer as serted but it is due entirely to the obstinacy of the resistance The command oE the Polish capitals defense forces was con demned fnipermitting the city to be destroyed and its citizens i killed j REIOKT CITY IS DESTROYED INFERNO BUDAPEST Warfiiv radio reluming to the air alter a ul nearly two clays Wcdncs
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