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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 23, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME LOU t R M i s r iR r 0 t P T 0 f I 0 rt i C 0 M P WOl NCS I THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT 83SSSSSS2S3 VOL XLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVB CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 23 1939 1U1S PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 299 POLES KILL FRITSCH NAZI LEADER Believe Axis6 Is Broken By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist American diplomacy is surer every day that Fuehrer Hitlers and Duce Mussolinis axis is busted Nobody says so officially but the genera tenor of indi vidual anc strictly sub rosa comment in the govern ments depart mental circles is unmistakable If Italy were simply passiv for the t i m being in the present situa MUSSOLINI t50nj its quies cence might not be taken as si significant The emphasis it lay upon the neutrality of Us position is what attracts attention II due is positively noisy about it Thi strikes Washington as queer con sidering how chummy he and de fuehrer appeared to be until re cently If he simply didnt go int the war to help Adolf perhaps i wouldnt be so peculiar but h seems to be trying to rub in th idea that he isnt doing so Moreover Home has agreed 1 an AngloFrench bottling up the western end of the Mediter ranean at Gibraltar and of th eastern end of the same sea b that these tw outlets are left open to Italia shipping Such acquiescence is re garded as almost outspokenly un friendly to Germany However observers think the can see why Benito is dead sore on Adolf He evidently figures that French Report Hitler Visiting Western FronfHAD BEEN OUT DUCE DECLARES TIME HAS COME TO END FIGHT Poland Liquidated Europe Has Not Really Entered Into War ROME UR Premier BenHo Mussolini Saturday declared that he moment has arrived to end hostilities in Europe In his first speech since last May 11 Duce addresing fascist party leaders from Bologna in the Hall of Battles at Venice palace said The Polish question has been liquidated Europe has not real ly entered into war Armies have not yet met A clash can be avoided by realizing that it is vain to attempt to maintain or reconstruct that which history and the natural dynamism of peoples already has condemned Mussolini said also that Italy has no reason to alter her decision to remain neutral or the decision taken by the cabinet on Sept 1 when it agreed that Italy would Britain Says Subs Cant Block Ships LONDON British gov ernment assured the home front Saturday in a communique that enemy submarines alone can never maintain an adequate block ade but warned that we may have to endure great losses at sea before the present war is ended Despite reports of fresh losses inflicted by German undersea raiders the ministry of informa tion declared energetic meas ures taken by the royal navy and air force had proved the submarine to be very vulner able Inhabitants of the Hisoi Island off the Norwegian coast Friday reported the torpedoing of the British freighter Akenside 2694 tons bound from Lythe England to Bergen with a cargo of coal The crew of 26 escaped in life boats and was picked up by a Norwegian warship With the sinking of the Aken side Britain had lost about 35 merchantmen The Finnish steamer Martti Ragnar loaded with woodpulp for England was sunk Saturday off the southern coast of Norway Members of the crew all safe said a party from a German sub 8000 of the People Speak On the Spot Along his Siegfried line of for tifications on his French frontier Adolf obviously deemed himself capable of standing off France and the British while he attended to Poland But he didnt want the western democracies breaking in on him from the southward by way of northern Italy So he framed up that axis with Benito Thus the Italians were supposed to protect Germany against at tack on its southern border and to look after the Mediterranean Everybody knows that this was too big a contract for Italy to handle Undoubtedly Adolf knew it but reckoned that Benito would delay the democracies long enough to permit him to clean up Poland leaving him free to swing his own forces in a southerly direction Meantime if Benito had per formed as Adolf plainly expected him to northern Italy would have been trampled all over by the de mocracies troops with no prospect of getting anything in return But Adolf wasnt worrying about Italy all he had in mind was Germanys interest Benito unquestionably also was aware that northern Italy would be invaded if war broke out in short order Where he made his mistake was in assuming that Adolf wouldnt go ahead as fast as he did His notion apparently was that Germany would gain round by degrees with Italian moral support that Italy gradu ally would gain from German in this fashion theyd slowly nibble in on the democ racies without any actual lighting In reality Adolt didnt propose to do any gradual nibbling though He still had his eastern frontier to care of and he needed a source from which to draw raw materials in case the British navy blockaded him His dicker with Russia followed to provide for these contingencies Holding the Sack Benito didnt like ihc Russo German pact even a little bit Adolf manifestly is the kind of nazi who can stomach com munists if he can use them but Benito is said to be a genuinely conscientious fascist who revolt ed at belonging to an axis with Joe Stalin in it Its pretty well established now that Adolf told him nothing about his negotiations with Joe until after the deal was consummated Germany may get something out of whole lot if Adolf wins or breaks even Russia doesnt stand to lose anything anyway But Italys prospect if Benito stood pat with Adolf didnt amount to anything better than having the northern end of the peninsula turned into a batlle Rround having its ports blockaded and spending barrelsful of money for nothing In short Benito was to be placed in the position of holding the sack take no military initiative in the European conflict II Duce referred also to the so viet unions invasion of Poland It was the prudent in tention of not spreading the con flict that the governments in London and Paris have not done more in the face of the Russian fait accompli Mussolini said But the consequence is that these governments compromised their moral justification in tak ing action against the German fait accompli V Mussolini ordered party leaders to round up rumor mongers and he described Masonic and Jewish elements as riffraff and foreign antifascist sympathizers We must not allow them or others to undermine the physical and moral health of the Italian people he said The Italian peo ple realize that their pilot must not be disturbed especially when he is engaged in stormy naviga tion nor must he be asked ques tions about his course marine boarded the freighter and destroyed it with explosives planted in the hold Another communique issued Friday night from No 10 Downing street following a meeting of the supreme war council of Great Britain and France announced complete agreement on the course to be followed in the Eur opean war SHIPS PLANES PATROL COAST Atlantic 100 Miles From Shore Watched to Guard Neutrality WASHINGTON of navy and coast guard vessels aug mented by coast guard airplanes patroled as far as 100 miles off the Atlantic coast Saturday to pro tect United States neutrality The patrol ordered by Presi dent Roosevelt also operated far into the Pacific the navy depart ment said Mr Roosevelt said last week that territorial waters extend as POLISH WAR AT ENDGERMANY Nazi Communique Says Annihilation Battles Successful BERLIN German army high command announced Saturday that the campaign in Poland has ended In a number of annihilation battles the command said the biggest and most decisive of which was fought in the bend of the Vistula the Polish army numbering 1000000 soldiers was beaten captured or dis persed The communique continued No single Polish active or re erve division and no detached rigade escaped this fate Only ractions of units could save hemselves by fleeing into the swamp districts of eastern Poland where they now have been up by the Russians Of the entire Polish armect forces at present only a small remnant fights in lost positions in Warsaw Modlin and the Hela peninsula near The fact that the enemy is in position to continue even this last resistance is due to the intentional regard by our troops to the Polish civilian population At his desk in Washington for the special session of congress Senator Arthur Capper of Kansas discovers some 8000 letters await ing protesting possible repeal of the embargo act Cap per is a member of the senate isolationist group f X W if if Would Prohibit U S Ships Taking Goods Hormel Added to Proposed Committee of U S Citizens 3 NAZI TO REGAIN AREA ARE REPULSED Large Scale Drive on FrenchGerman Front Still Awaited PARIS dispatches iported Saturday that German tacks on French positions co ncided with the presence on the Testern front ot Adolf Hitler and Valther von Brauchitsch com lander in chief of the German rmy A Berlin dispatch reported that iitler who has been in the field vith his troops since the hostili ies began Friday stood on heights vithin sight of Warsaw Von 3ruchitsch chief of staff of the German army previously had left Poland for the western front The fuehrers intention to visit the Westwall fortifications had jeen reported for several days French infantry forces were reported to have repulsed three separate German attacks aimed at regaining Frenchheld Ger man soil near Saarbruecken far as national interests require them to extend Most of the patrol vesels put into service immediately after Mr Roosevelts order were concen trated along the Atlantic coast Pacific operations extended to the far east and it was recalled that the U S S Langley was enroute from Pearl Harbor Hawaii to the Philippines carrying navy planes for patrol duty It was believed that waters ofl Puerto Rico and the Panama cana zone were also being patroled bu the navy would not reveal dispo sition of its patrol vessels or how many were engaged But the navj recently revealed that 41 World war destroyers were being recom missioned for neutrality patroling Italian Liner Gets to NY With 2156 Passengers on Board NEW YORK The Italian liner Conte Di Savoia arrived from Europe with 2146 passen gers Saturday including 1357 Americans after what Capt Al berto Ottino described as an un eventful voyage The presence of 799 nonAmericans on the vessel provoked a statement from Sena tor Rufus C Holman ROre that he would demand a halt in the issuance of visas to foreigners until every American has re turned from wartorn Europe WASHINGTON strict prohibition against American ves sels carving any articles materi als or passengers to any belliger ents was incorporated Saturday in the administrations bill to repeal the embargo against arms ship ments to warring nations Some senators thought the new provision was designed to win the support of legislators who like Alf M LantJon the 1936 republican 44 Senators Back Repeal of Ban to Warring Nations WASHINGTON ff An as sociated Press compilation showed Saturday that 44 sena tors within five oF a majority had announced they favored re peal of the embargo on exports of arms to Europes warring na tions Nineteen members have ex pressed themselves in opposition to repeal of the embargo while 33 holding the balance of power cither have declined publicly to commit themselves at his time or have not been reached for comment Many senators on both sides said repeal would benefit France and England because their sea power would prevent Germany from obtaining arms shipments presidential candidate report strong sentiment in the country for a genera cash and carry system of sales to belligerents It was said reliably that the bill would also tighten up on presi dential discretion using the word shall instead of may fre quently in outlining the chief executives duties under the legislation LOOK INSIDE FOR While French military circle said the Germans are turning to ward us from the east a large scale offensive on the west fron still was awaited Military informants said th area between the Magiriot anc Siegfried lines German fortification systems might serve as maneuvering ter ritory where the Germans prob ably would try various types of attack to test the strength of their foe Before gray clad German as sault troops stormed from their trenches German artillery blasted the French lines with hundreds of shells The French high command described the bombardment as more intensive than any be fore on the western front Lethal fire from French posi tions was said to have cut down the advancing Germans each time finally compelling them to retire without winning an inch Artillery fire on both sides was said to have continued throughout BV THE ASSOCIATED TRESS PARIS French report three German attacks near Saarbruecken repulsed BASE expect Germans to take offensive from French BERLIN Col Gen Werner Von Fritsch form er comnianderinc h i e f killed in battle near War saw fall of Lwow an nounced rigid food ration ing to become effective Monday WASHINGTON Ban against vessels carrying any articles materials or passengers to any bellig erents is incorporated in administrations bill to re peal arms embargo PANAMA Represen tatives of 21 American re publics meet to study ef fects of European war ra tioned Britons to register for food rationing JOHN BUANDT Land oLakcs Creameries Chief Makes Proposals to Governors of Midwest PAGE 2 the night sector Aviation while were other zones in the Saarbruecken and artillery mean reported active in WON JURY IS STILL OUT Possibility of Hung Jury Seen After 24 Hours of Deliberation Indications pointed to a hum jury in the Jack Gordon murder trial Saturday afternoon as the jurors went into their second day of consideration without reaching a verdict It is believed that the jury will probably be discharged sometime Sunday if it still disagrees In the event of a hung jury the case will be retried as a matter of course County Attorney Charles Barlow said Saturday afternoon Charles Groman defense attorney said Saturday afternoon he would ask for a change of venue if there is a retrial Colonel General Was Formerly Commander in Chief of Forces By LOUIS P LOCHNEK BERLIN Colonel General Baron Werner von Fritsch for mer commander in chief of the German army has been killed in action in front of Warsaw while fighting in a comparatively minor post Colonel General Walther von Bniucbitsch the present comman der in chief announced that Fri day there fell in Poland before Warsaw in the foremost line while carrying out a violent reconnoiter ing operation Colonel General Baron von Fritsch chief of artil lery regiment number 12 Having taken to the field on the side of this artillery regi ment on the first day he who truly lived an exemplary life for his army now also died an exemplary death and gave his alt unconditionally sf f Deeply moved and in deep mourning yet filled with a great pride the army stands at the bier of this great soldier First word of the death came from Hitlers headquarters It was made clear he held no army command nor any other post corresponding to his rank of colonel general Von Fritsch who resigned as commander in chief after the fuehrer shook up the army lead ership m February1938 had been made honorary commander of the Twelfth Artillery regiment This post was bestowed by Hit ler in recognition of great ser vice in rebuilding of the third reich considered a move to re instate him in a position of honor Announcement of his death was the first official intimation von Fritsch was at the front Only Fri day it was reported in Berlin he was not in Poland Hitler ordered a state funeral for the 59 year old energetic oldschool officer and issued an order of the day honoring his memory German big guns along the Lauter river which recently had been quiet opened fire on French batteries in the vicinity of Wis sembourg these reports said In tins area the Lauter forms the boundary between France and Germany Livestock Hay and Barn Burned in Fire PAGE 8 Mason City Roosevelt in Scoreless Football Draw PAGE 9 Summers End Finds Light Frosts Forecast for Iowa DES MOINES last day of slimmer Saturday found Iowa under a mantle of clouds and with light local frosts in prospect Saturday for the north central and extreme northern counties of the state Autumn officially began at oclock Saturday afternoon A light sprinkle of rain was re ported at Estherville and the weather bureau said occasional traces of moisture may fall at some Iowa stations throughout the day Fridays high was a summer time 92 at Inwood while Friday nights low was 49 at Marshall town Iowa Repeal opponents reported they were deluged with mail upholding their stand and talked further of forming an unofficial committee to educate the public Such persons as former Presi dent Hoover Henry Ford Col Charles A Lindbergh Eddie Rick enbaeker World war ace former Gov Phil LnFollette of Wisconsin and George A Hormel Minnesota packer were mentioned as pos sible members Promises to finance a campaign already have senators said been made some Chairman Pitlman D Nev of the senate foreign relations committee added the ban against American ships carrying any thing to warring nations as a seventh point to his bill trans latingthe administrations six point neutrality revision pro gram into legislative terms The full committee will meet Monday Pittman expressed be lief the group would send the measure to the senate floor with a favorable report in three or four days Hibernation Fails toSave lowans Life FAIRFIELD Harlan 42 of Stockport who received na tional attention last month when he was the first lowan to submit to the hibernation treatment for a pancreas cancer at Temple uni versity died Friday at the Temple University hospital cf a com plete intestinal obstruction His death is not regarded by his physician as an indication against the hibernation treatment an nounced last May at the American Medical society meeting as it had no connection with the cancer He appeared to have been bene fited by the treatment but was not strong enough to undergo the necessary surgery when the ob struction developed KILLED IN COLLISION COUNCIL BLUFFS Minner 18 was fatally injured in an automobile collision He was the nephew of City Auditor Phil Min REDS DEFEAT PIRATES 65 SPORTS BULLETIN7 CINCINNATI K u c k y Walters pitched and batted the Cincinnati Reds to a 6 to 5 vic tory over the Pittsburgh Pirates Saturday in the first game of a doublelieadcr marking his 27th triumph of the season Here is one of the German naval guns which the Germans use as part of their west wall defense Photo shows German troops at target practice on the Baltic It is reported many of these suns were rushed to the west wall to stave off tank at tacks The Weather FORECAST IOWA Generally fair Satur day night and Sunday cooler Saturday night possibly light local frost in northcentral and extreme north portions cooler in extreme southeast slightly warmer in northwest portion Sunday MINNESOTA Fair Saturday night and Sunday cooler in southeast and extreme south not so cool in extreme north west Saturday night light to lo cally heavy frost Saturday night somewhat warmer Sun day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Friday 85 IMinimum Friday night 55 At 8 a m Saturday 57 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Prior to his fall from power last year von Fritsch had played an outstanding role in the recreation of the German army in whose in vasion of Poland he had only a minor part Berlin sources Friday said that he had volunteered for active serv ice although his failure to keep in step with the fuehrer last year was believed by many to have relegated him to the sidelines It was understood he disagreed with the nazi leaderships plans for the absorption of Austria which came the month following his resigna tion Tile fuehrers headquarters gave no further details o von Fritschs dcnlh It was not mentioned in the morning communique of the high jommand and the early afternoon Berlin newspapers carried only notices on inside pages If He was the idol of the Ger man army ColGen WaUlicr von Brauchifscii now chief of staff of the German army ani ColGen Wilhclm Kcitcl a member of the sisman wartime council as chief of the high com mand of the armed forces once General von Frilschs sub alterns If When von Fritsch resigned friend said he was out of tune with Hitlers breathtaking pace o remilitarizing the Rhineland in March 1936 and of annexing Austria in March 1938 Von Fiitchs resignation was fol lowed by undivulged accusations which were unsubstantiated at a military trial the general demand ed to clear his name The story was that it fell to Field Marshal Hermann Wilhelm Goering Hit lers chief aide to inform the fuehrer that von Fritsch had been done an injustice by the accusa tions 85 47 WEEKLY FORECAST Weather outlook for the period Sept 26 to Sept 30 1939 For the Upper Mississippi and lower Missouri Valleys and the northern and central Great Plains not much precipitation indicated temperatures normal or above for the most part In Doghouse Role From Hitler Wrath By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Idol of the German army CoL Gcn Werner von Frilsch who was killed in action near Warsaw was 5ent to the eastern front in a comparatively minor doghouse role after reputedly falling out with Hitler over the annexation of Austria in 1938 Small Eabcrbackedbemono cled with a clicstful of gleaming medals and an icecold eye Gen Von Frilsch appeared a Holly JIIL xiurn Lietoware JIIL IS BETTER BREAD WE DELIVER
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