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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 13, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HARLOM E R HST MEM 4 OtPT of COUP CES MOlVES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS V III ll 11 EDITION aaaneaamm vi i jollity JZ v MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 13 1939 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 290 F R CALLS CONGRESS FOR SEPT 21 VV V Britain and France Agree War Not Wanted by HEAD OF POLICE Germans GROUP IN IOWA By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist Official Washingtons impression is that the average German not only didnt want war but didnt really look for it He was worried of course Yet from all ac counts he wasnt as much worried as the English and French for the simple reason that his countrys c e n sorship was so tight that exi dently he was unable to keep in any sort of STEWART adequate touch with develop ments What he appears to have thought was that Fuehrer Hitler would get what he was demand ing by demanding it without ac tually fighting Quite likely Hitler himself thought so On the opposite hand the English and French while recognizing the situations dangers obviously clung to a near conviction that Adolf was only su perbluffing and that hed lie down if called strenuously enough Dip lomatic advices were to this effect anyway Washington believed much the same thing up to the last minute At all events it was vehemently hoped so Even during the days and black gcttpand rationing functionaries that the prolongation ofthese preparations hinted at a peaceful outcome at least tempo rarily As one highup military man he wouldnt thank me if I named bim thus advertising his mis judgment remarked to me sup posing an athlete wants to estab lish a record as a long jumper he doesnt run 10 miles before taking off That would be too far Hed fall exhausted while still on terra firma Germany Never Licked Theres some interesting state departmental army and navy comment in connection with the nazi claim that the fatherland wasnt truly licked in the last war what happened was a revo lution at home instead of a pro ally victory This contention isnt at all hotly disputed Plenty of good authorities are prepared to admit that German arms could have held their own almost indefinitely if internal Ger many hadnt intolerably tired of the kaiser and if the kaiser hadnt scooted at the psychological mo ment But query the critics what assurance has Hen Hitler that Germans generally wont tire of Miiiard Coal c rnm even sooner than they tired Tuesday night of the kaiser Wilhelm went into the war of 191418 with an extremely solid Germany behind him All the evi dence is that Adolf has a formid able discontented element to reckon with He talks about a 10 year war Wilhelm with a better looking beginning couldnt outlast four years Quick Blowup Possible Adolf suggests successors to himself anything happens to him Wilhelm didnt have to sug gest any successors He had em hereditarily scheduled And his dynasty certainly seemed as firmly intrenched as Adolfs so maybe as between 1911 and 1939 The surmise is that Adolfs regime may blow up internally on short notice unless he scores some extraordinary triumphs very speedily Theres a strong movement to humanize this war as they ex press it by an allaround agree ment to bar indiscriminate air bombings the use of poison gas and the scattering of disease germs I can see the sense in the argu ment that its an unfair practice to drop bambs from airplanes upon and maiming peaceful folk including women and innocent little chil dren But assume that some other guy is trying to kill you and youre trying to kill HIM What differ ence does it make whether you kill him with a bullet a chunk of shrapnel a lethal gas a handful of anthrax microbes or any other old way Who cares how hes killed so long as hes killed dead regardless HIGDONAGAINIS Other Officers Are Renamed as Convention Draws to CIor STORIES PAGE 8 12 The entire setup of officers with Carl M Higdon Ottumwa as president was reelected Wednes day as approximately 150 mem bers of the Iowa State Policemens association ended their three day convention in Mason City Other officers reelected for 1940 included J J McDermott of Davenport first vice president L L Eklund of Des Moines second vice president Leo E Allstot of Mason City third vice president and George Kean of Sioux City secretarytreasurer Dubuque was selected as the 1340 convention site The Fort Dodge delegation submitted a bid for the 1941 state meeting A 24 hour radio service in all state broadcasting stations was recommended by the attending delegates The resolution will be submitted to Karl Fischer Des Moines commissioner of public safety It was pointed out that the stations are now only operating part time A request for the cooperation Policemens association in of marijuana in Masoii States district attorney during the morning ses sion We cant stop it ourselves the speaker pointed out We must have your help and with coopera tion we can do it Mr Dunn explained that mari Duana used to be called loco weed because the livestock would eat it and go crazy But now the use of the weed has spread to humans he added and it is a difficult task to stop it In Grundy county I saw 40 acres of it waving in the wind he pointed out One school super intendent told me that more than half of his girl students were smoking it must stop the sale of marijuana to school children and we need your help to do it Mr Dunn concluded by remind ing the officers of their difficult task in guarding the homes of Iowa He explained that it was a harder job to do now than in years past as there are more peo ple to watch and fast cars and good roads allow the criminal to travel throughout the country 3 TRUCKS DESTROYED BURLINGTON P Three trucks were burned when fire of undetermined origin damaged the Millard Coal company barns here LOOK INSIDE FOR DUKE OF WINDSOR Returns to England for Ceremonial Job PAGE 2 Trojans Open Ticket on Thursday Evening PAGE 11 Luther Leaguers Will Meet for Three Days PAGE 18 Policemen Map Campaign for 1940 mif iiim ni in i JOINT VIEW OF Highlights ALLIES STAND IS MADE PUBLIC Polish Army Claims City of Lodz Retaken From Germans Counter Attacks Said to Have Followed Trap By LONDON troops were reported Wednesday to have broken through German lines west of Warsaw recaptured the city of Lodz and forced German armies to retreat into the Warta Valley The reports received by radio from Warsaw ami in Polish dis patches to allied sources said the Germans in the Warta Valley west of Lodz were fighting to prevent the Poles from turning the nazi left flank The Polish counterattacks were reported to be the result of a comeback by the armies which the nazis hnd reported trapped in the Posen area west of Warsaw The reports from Poland said that Po lish forces from the west were at tacking the Germans in the War saw sector from the rear In Paris official Polish dis patches reported that the Polish armies from the west had estab lished liaison with the mam Po lish forces defending Warsaw The contact was said to have been es tablished on the Vistula plains where there was severe fighting west Lodz thus defeating the nazi efforts to squeeze 250000 Polish troops in the PosenWarsaw A radio broadcast from Moscow picked up in London Wednesday afternoon said that the Poles also had started an offensive in the north Allied miliiary experts de scribingthe reported Polish re capture of Lodz as the first German defeat on the eastern front saifl that the German gen eral staff apparently had stretched too thinly their motor ized columns which broke un der the attack of 250000 Potes pressing simultaneously from the fast and west The recapture of Lodz would threaten the safety of the German advance as far as Radom 60 miles due south of Warsaw and reduce the risk that the defense of War saw could be turned from Lub lin 100 miles southeast of War saw Allied experts studying the re ports from Poland said that the Polish position at Lodz would be difficult to maintain and that Germans could bring up rein forcements to recover the ground they had lost Nevertheless the chief hope aroused here was that some 250 000 Polish troops could be extri cated from the big pocket in which the nazis had been attempting to trap them before the Germans re cover lost ground Girl Counts to 100 by 5s and Shouts Hitler BLOOMINGTON Ind Mary Weaver 11 who was it in a hideandseek game counted by fives to a hundred and then cried Hitler She explained to a bystander That means here I come ready or not from Cernauti Rumania at the Polish frontier said Wednesday night that Eugene Kwiatkowski Polish finance minister and 10 other Polish officials had ar rived there The Rumanian ambassador to Warsaw and his staff also entered Rumania at Cernauti BRUSSELS from the Luxembourg frontier Wednes day night said the Germans had blown up the bridge on the rail way between Metz France and Trier Gerrrmny which crosses the Moselle river near the Luxem bourg village of Schengen LONDON ministry of information announced Wed nesday the British government had reason to believe the ene my may attempt to establish submarine and air bases on the coasts of the south and central American countries PORTSMOUTH N H The sunken submarine Squalus with its cargo of 26 dead men was raised to the surface Wednesday by navy salvagers who then began towing it toward Portsmouth navy yard nine miles away WASHINGTON tary of Agriculture Henry A Wallace announced Wednesday that there will be no referen dum on corn marketing quotas for this years crop lowan 70 Killed in Headon Collision CEDAR RAPIDS Field 70 of Cedar Rapids was killed and Jean Ann Fritz and Ruth Sullivan both of Grand Rapids Mich were seriously in jured Wednesday in a headon au tomobile crash four miles west of here on highway 30 Ambulance attendants and a wrecking crew worked for more than an hour to free Miss Fritz from the wreck age of the car she had been driv ing The Weather FORECAST IOWA Generally fair Wed nesday night and Thursday ex cept becoming unsettled Thurs day in northwest and north central portions with possibly showers and cooler MINNESOTA Showers prob able in north portion Wednes day night and Thursday and Wednesday night or Thursday in south portion cooler in west and central portions Wednesday night cooler Thursday much cooler in south portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Tuesday 93 Minimum Tuesday night 70 At 8 a m Wednesday 80 YEAR AGO Maximum 75 Minimum Rain 22 Tighten Vise on BERLIN German high command Wednesday re ported a rapid thrust deep into southeastern Poland tightening o a vise closing on Warsaw one the wiping out of Polish resistance near Radom The high command communique told of the capture of an enor mous number of prisoners in the Radom sector about 60 miles south of Warsaw The communique gave this Ger man picture of the rapidlyshift ing Polish campaign Slrong forces easLof Warsaw pushed southward in an effort to complete a circle around the Pol ish capital Fire Polish divisions and two cavalry brigades in a pocket above Lodz the third front con tinued stubborn resistance against Germans slowly closing in The Poles have been fighting bitterly for three days to escape the trap Farther southeast German vanguards reached Lwow capital of the Polish Ukraine while the main body of troops in that re gion took the towns of Jaworow on the Szklo river and Sambor on the Dniester W fA DeWitt MacKenzie in his an lysis of European fighting Wed nesday said the Germans are try ing to smash through the Polish line and reach the Russian border so as to open rail communications with the soviet for supplies x x x The capture of Lwow will repre sent a major loss to the The advancing Germans fight ing through the valleys are at tempting to reach the Rumanian frontier and cut off Polands southeastern outlet Tha German circle around War saw has not been completely closed but troop detachments seemed to be in position to join each other The forces cast of the capital have had the toughest struggle Chamberlain Declares Public Opinion of 2 Nations in Accord LONDON British overnment advised parliament Wednesday that both Great Britain and France were convinced there can be no peace until the menace of Hitlerism had been finally re moved The allies stand was contained in a joint statement read in the house of commons by Prime Mini ster Chamberlain and in the house of lords by Earl Stanhope lord president of the council in the governments second report on the war Referring to Tuesdays meeting oE the supreme war council in France which Chamberlain at tended the statement said I am glad to be able to assure the house that it is evident that Public opinion on the two sides of the channel is completely in accord Further meeting of the supreme war council will be held when necessary it was said Reviewing military operations the statement said 1 Germany so far has directed most of her activities against Pol and but she has been frus trated faythe table spiri of 2 On the western front France has begun a methodical advance which has been completely suc cessful 3 British troops are in France but have not gone into action yet French military dispatches re ceived in Paris shortly before tiic British parliament met said a great number of wellequipped British troops are participating in 4 The Royal air force alread has a number of squadrons opera ting from French soil 5 The British merchant fleet has suffered somewhat severe losses as a result of German sub marine attacks but submarines are constantly being attacked and successes have been achieved 6 The British fleet has been joined by three Polish destroyers which proved to be very effi fient 7 Practically all German ship ping has been cleared off the high By THE ASSOCIATED PItESS BERLIN Germans report outlying Warsaw defenses are crumbling nazi attention turns toward southeastern drive to ward soviet frontier recapture of hill on Saar front reported BUDAPEST Warsaw radio says Germans attacking War saw have been pushed back six miles warns German sui cide corps dropping by para chute behind Polish lines PARIS GermanFrench ar tillery duel reported on western Iront French say they have reached Saarbruecken outskirts in German Saarland back from war council with Daladier in France faces questioning in parliament Duke and Duchess of Windsor return from exile Slates embassy in Poland reports all well after flight from Warsaw to headquarters near soviet frontier OTTAWA reas sembles for final approval of wartime program increasing taxes NEW CABINET IN FRANCE FORMED Daladier Will Hold Posts of Foreign Minister PAIUS Edouard Daladier Wednesday formed a new cabinet in which he will hold the posts of foreign and defense min ister Georges Bonne formerly for eign minister becomes minister of justice in the new cabinet Raoul DAutry will be minister of armaments DAutry was for chief of the French rail govern GREEK STEAMER STRIKES MINE Damaged Boat Reported Going to Copenhagen With Swedish Escort COPENHAGEN Greek steamer Katingo Hadjipa tera 3661 tons reported Wed nesday she had struck a mine off Falsterbo Sweden and was pro ceeding to Copenhagen escorted by a Swedish minesweeper The report made no mention of cas ualties Mercury Zooms Up to 94 Here The mercury zoomed upward a K a i n Wednesday afternoon reachimy 94 dcsrrces at oclock in the afternoon Chamberlain said the ment intended to establish islry of shipping at an early date but thai nt present he believed greater efficiency would be at tained by keeping shipping prob lems within the board of trade Speaking of Tuesdays meeting of Chamberlain and French Pre mier Daladier the joint statement before parliament said The present situation was fully examined and the measures to be taken in the immediate future were discussed Further meetings will be arranged as and when necessary in order to ensure that the closest maintained possible between contact is two merly roads Mother Sues Son in Death of Husband SAN DIEGO C Christina Lux sued her son for 512500 for her husbands death in an automobile accident Mrs Lux charged her son Roy insisted upon driving although he had not slept for many hours and that he fell asleep at the wheel The car left the road killing John Lux NEUTRALITY IS FORECAST FOR MAJOR DEBATE Leaders Asked to Meet Roosevelt Day Before Special Session WASHINGTON Roosevelt Wednesday called con gress to meet in special session at noon Sept 21 Although his proclamation made no mention of the neutrality act the president had already stated informally he would seek repeal of the arms embargo clause and try to confine the session to that action At he same time he signed the proclamation convening congress the president sent telegrams to a group of democratic and republi can leaders in both senate and house asking them to meet him in the afternoon Sept 20 for an informal conference at the white house The proclamation read Where as public interests require that the congress of the United States should be convened in extra ses sion at 12 oclock noon on Thurs day the twentyfirst day of Sep tember 1939 to receive such com munication as may be made by the executive Now therefore I Franklin D Roosevelt president of the United States of America do hereby pro claim and declare that an extra ordinary occasion requires the congress of the United States to convene in extra session at Die capitolin thecity of Washington on Thursday the twentyfirst day of September 1939 at 12 oclock noon of which all persons who shall at that time be entitled to act as members threof are hereby required to take notice The telegrams inviting leaders to the while house conference the day before the session starts went to Vice President Garner at Uval de Tex House Speaker Bank head at Jasper Ala Senator Barkley democratic leader at Pa ducah Ky Senator McNary re publican leader at Salem Ore Senator Mint on assistant demo ftPi cratlc leader at New Albany Ind s Senator Austin assistant republi can leader at Burlington Vt Senator Pittman the democratic chairman the foreign relations countries on all major aspects of the conduct of the war I am glad to be able to as sure the house that it was evident that public opinion on the two sides of the channel was com pletely in accord The people of Prance and the people of Great Britain are alike determined not only to honor to the full their obligations to Po land but also to put an end once and for all to the intolerable strain of living under the perpet ual threat of nazi aggression Our French allies are like ourselves a peaceloving people but they are no less convinced than we are that there can be no peace until the menace of Hitler ism has been finally removed VA mvi LV7L C1JJ11 LUIjltlUU committee at Tonopah Nev Senator Byrnes DS Car at Spartanburg S Car Representa tive Rayburn house democratic leader at Bonham Tex and Rep resentative Martin house repub lican leader at North Attleboro The president advised these leaders that after a careful study of the whole situation he had de cided to call a special session He expressed the hope that eacli of them could arrive in Washing ton a day early for the informal meeting with him While the cliief executive is anxious to limit not oniy the leg islative scope of the session to neutrality revision but also would like the session to end as quickly as possible many senators in cluding Borah RIdaho Van denberg RMich and Nye R N Dak have declared they would insist on full debate although without any effort to filibuster
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