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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 12, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MARLON MIST UEW D E P T QF oes fl AR T VOL XLV THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FCIi LEASED W1KES FIVE CENTS A MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 121939 MASON CITY THI BRIGHT SPOT 1V1S PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 289 NAZIS LAUNCH 3 FRONT OFFENSIVE PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT War Stops Some of FR Critics By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist With the war actually on Presi dent Roosevelts problem in a cer tain sense is somewhat simplified Theres a widespread national sentiment in fa vor of getting behind him re gardless of in terparty poli tics and of in tra democrat ic differences of opinion Press comment re flects it Its re flected also in the expressions by public men throughout the country Alf M Landon already is on record as an outstanding republican spokes man in support of countrywide unity Antinew deal democrats likewise have hushed up notice ably If the war of nothing but nerves had strung along indefinitely white house difficulties undoubt edly would have continued to multiply but a war of shot and shell is a different proposition Doctors can disagree as to the proper treatment of a merely nervous complaint but when the patient breaks out into a violent ly dangerous and contagious dis order they havent much choice but to concentrate jointly on the job of quarantining against him as the president put it in that celebrated quarantine address of his quite a while ago The howl then was that the meresuggestion a quarantine Aaifc epidemic Kow however heres epidem ic Critics may say the quarantine talk helped to bring it on Thats immaterial At this stage of the game a quarantines essential anyway Allegorical Situation Try another allegory Suppose a building owner has a fire trap next to his premises He says so and wants it safeguarded against The fire trap proprietor insists that it isnt necessary They dispute about it like everything Owner No 1 has some stock holders who hold that the fire traps no serious danger Theyd prefer to have their propertys manager quit disturbing neigh borly relations by his everlasting screeching Well the fire trap bursts into flames ultimately In that event its up to the ad joining owners to squirt water on to their structure to keep it from catching If they have some water left over its permissible for them to squirt it on the blazing fire trap but their essential con siderations to prevent the con flagration from spreading their way Possibly the No 1 premises stockholders contend that their boss stockholder helped to set the fire trap afire by looking cross eyed at it No matter Their inter est is to keep their place from catching fire Europe Is on Fire I like my allegory better than I iked President Roosevelts quar antine allegory conceited as it may seem in me He foresaw a fire Today hes got his fire but one next door Statesmen like Senators Nye Borah and Johnson reason that it could have been staved off They had their way as to preventive measures and their precautions didnt work Around my vicinity in Washing ton we have fire inspection regu larly The idea is to prevent fires from breaking out If they dont break out I think theyve done a good job If they do I think theyve bungled but I still hope theyll be headed off before they get to my shack Maybe President Roosevelt preliminary inspection has been faulty Or maybe its been faulty be cause the premises to be in spected refused to submit to in spection The latters why Around my neighborhood apartment house owner HAS to submit to inspection This isnt international Its simply municipal Yeah ships are inspected But not international policies A third term It looks like it to PARIS started in Poland The broad dry plains over which the German war machine rolled relentlessly for 11 days soon will be mucky mud flats The rivers Vistula Bug Narew and San toward which the Ger mans are driving and behind which the Poles have concentrated the greatest array of artillery and cavalry ever seen in eastern Allies Pledge Entire Power to Help Poland KILLED IX CAVEIN BELLE PLAINS Cannon 22 Belle Plaine was crushed fatally in a cavern of the walls of a sewer ditch in which he was working Europe freeze It will be more difficult for the Germans to move supplies when the roads are quagmires it will be impossible for heavy German tanks to reach some half flooded regions Then the famed Polish cavalry will have the advantage The Poles have counted heavily on the autumnal rains to stem the German onslaught by the time it reached the center of the country river although they have been late coming and the wide shallow Vistula has been almost dry and dotted with sand bars enabling the Germans to sweep across it at several places north of Warsaw it was reported Tuesday that the rains now had started lightly but generally The Polish telegraph agency re ported at noon Tuesday that the Germans had to break the Polish defense positions on the Narew and Bug rivers Germans who crossed the Narew in the north were reported to be still 25 to 30 miles from Warsaw and in the south the Germans were re ported still trying to force a crossing of the San near Jaroslav The Polish heavy artillery fea turing Howitzers famed amon military men of Europe were ex pected to be brought into play against German tanks along the rivers The Polish cavalry will be able to negotiate the muddy Vis tula bottoms after German tanks are bogged down Usually the lowlands are transferred into mud flats two weeks after the rains start The rivers freeze in October and re main frozen throughout the win ter but the ice probably would not tie Ihick enough to support heavy motorized equipment Another factor favoring the Poles was the ever increasing length of the German supplies lines New munitions dumps and supply bases are being set up in side conquered territory during lulls in the fighting but they were still inadequate TO DEVOTE ALL OF RESOURCES AGAINST HITLER Chamberlain Daladier Hold Secret Meeting Somewhere in France PARIS Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and French Premier Edouard Daladier met with the allied supreme coun cil somewhere in France Tues day and decided to devote all of their power and resources to the war against Germany All the aid in the power of Britain and France was pledged to Poland an official communi que announced shortly after un official reports from the western front had told of troops slicing of another German salient from tteSuriptheBIies river The allied council including de fense leaders of both powers met secretly somewhere between Paris and the English channel it was understood Reliable sources said the meeting place was about half way to the channel as Daladier left Paris at a m a m CST by automobile and returned at 6 p m Nothing was known of the meet ing or of the departure of Cham berlain from London until after Daladiers return to Paris It was said that the British prime minis ter had requested the meeting in order to have the allies take a firm and final position regarding the question of a separate peace with the Germans Nazi propagandists have been inundating allied and neutral countries with proposals or re ports concerning a separate peace on the basis of the nazi conquest of Poland Britain has rejected such suggestions in advance and the nazis have sought to split France away from London by in direct suggestions for a settlement such as nazi Marshal Herman Goering made in a speech to Ger man workers on Saturday when he assailed Britain but took a friend ly tone toward Paris V V V Daladier and Chamberlain in a formal announcement after the meeting stood firmfy to gether anfl rejected any thought of slackening their war against Adolf Hitler The council also was reported to have studied the question of Italys position as a neutral in the European conflict Although the official announce ment by the premiers office took up the question of separate peace indirectly it was considered a cer tainty that the two government heads agreed to cut short the German propaganda efforts to di vide the allies by making their public announcement A communique issued by Dala diers office said two other mem bers of the council also attended General Maurice Gustave Game FrenchBritish armies and Lord Chatfield British minister for the coordination of defense CHAMBERLAIN MAKES TRIP BY AIRPLANE LONDON ministry of information announced Tuesday night the purpose of the Cham berlainDaladier meeting in France was to make possible a direct per sonal exchange of views on the situation and on measures to be taken in the immediate future Chamberlain and Lord Chat field minister for coordination of defense made the trip in a royal Airforce plane Chamberlain and don Tuesday night Tuesdays flight was the fh the 0 year old prime minister had o CzechoSlovak crisis SEPARATION IN CIVIL SERVICE SETUP IS URGED Policemen Advocate Dividing Employes of Iowa Municipalities PICTURES ON PAGE 6 AND 14 neS in FranCe a shown distributing mail to soldiers Poles BMare rrians Are Pushed to Warsaw Outskirts Nearest of Invading Troops Are 6 Miles From Center of City By LLOYD LEIHIBAS BUDAPEST army general headquarters asserted Tuesday that Warsaws German besiegers hnd been pushed back far into the outskirts of the capi A com muni que broadcast from the radio station at Lwow said tile nearest German troops now were six miles from the center of the city It said the push was developing with the aid of heavy Polish reinforcements which were rushed to Warsaw from the south It was reported from Cernauti Rumania that 7000 Polish refu gees crossed the frontier there The Polish general staffs com munique No 11 declared stoul Polish resistance had brought the German plane tank and artillery attacks at least to a temporary stalemate throughout n widespread battle zone The communique annonnced severe fighting was continuing along the BUR river without major chanjje with the Germans throwing vast numbers of tanks he struggle The Bug river flows from east to west joining the Narew at a point 20 miles due north of War saw The official Hungarian news agency reported the Polish radio station at Lublin said General Polonaise by Chopin Indicates Warsaw Defended BUDAPEST open a Warsaw church told Europe early Tuesday that defenders still held Polands capital After the Warsaw radio sta tion ended its night broadcast the opening bars were sounded every 30 seconds by a to show that Warsaw had not fallen Chopin himself a Pole was one of many noted composers to use the stately dance usually in threequarter time It is believed to have grown from music used in the processional at Krakow in 1573 when Henry Duke of Anjou came to the throne of Poland Felicjnn Slawoj Skiadkowski the Polish premier hnd presided over st a ministry council which de creed measures providing for flic from the battle zones Liege Fair May Be Used for Barracks BRUSSELS Liege in ternational fair is closing prema turely because of the war and of ficials suggested Tuesday the buildings might be converted into barracks hospitals or refugee quarters They said the fair opened only 90 days ago was closing without a deficit Mercury Soars fro 93 in Mason City The mercury boomed to 93 Tuesday afternoon providing a great contrast from Mondays weather when the maximum was 68 The Weather FORECAST IO1VA Partly cloudy anil continued warm Tuesday night and Wednesday except cooler Wednesday in extreme north west portion slightly warmer in cxlrcme northcentral portion Tuesday Windsors Arrive in England Stay at Metcalfe Home LONDON Duke and Duchess of Windsor arrived in England from France it was re vealed officially Tuesday Reliable sources snict they were at the home of Major Edward Dudley Metcalfe at Coletnans Hatch Sussex How the Windsors came here from Paris was not divulged bul it was known they did not fly The United Press was told that the duke was properly received upon his arrival and that he would be given some ceremonial job Major Metcalfe whose nick name is Fruity was the dukes best man at his marriage in 1936 and has known him since 1D21 when he accompanied the then Prince of Wales on a tour of India Metcalfe later became the dukes equerry and accompanied him on tours of the United States and South America when he was Prince of Wales The major is married to Lady Alexandra Curzon youngest daughter of the late Marquis Cur zon They have one son and twii daughters MINNESOTA Unsettled Tues day night and Wednesday local showers probable sliffhtly warmer in south portion Tues day nisht cooler Wednesday in west portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Monday G9 Minimum Monday night 56 At 8 a m Tuesday 77 Rain Monday 26 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 33 Minimum go Rain 47 Certain of British Officials Depart From London Offices LONDON The Britisl government announced Tuesday i was taking steps to remove be tween 7000 and 8000 members o the staffs of governmental depart ments from London but stressed that the government itself was n moving from the capital There is no question of the government as n whole beini evacuated said a spokesman Not a single minister is leav ing and none concerned in thi wartime activities of the govern ment are being evacuated War Highlights BY THE ASSOCIATED PKESS communique pictures gradually tightening rin Pnteh claim capture of Poznan and other western Fatah dties m surrounded territory Polish resistance somewhat dampens popular hope for quick eastern front victory Sf X A x SMIfront Britam discloses her troops have joined French on Jf X X says hs bcc Separation of firemen and po icemen from city employes in tue present civil service system was idvocatcd Tuesday by members 3f the Iowa State Policemens as sociation in the second day busi ness session of the state conven tion being held in Mason City It was pointed out in the reso lution passed unanimously that the firemen and policemen now have a workable system while we city employes are starting the civil service and have many prob lems to work out that might hurt the fire and police situation The resolution also statedthat the problems of the two groups are different and any amendments to the civil service setup might Buddy Con You Spare a Cop Wheres a cop Has anybody seen a policeman drew sev eral laughs from nearby dele gates at the policemens conven tion as one member jokingly protested he had been shoved ouC of line during the Dutch lunch Monday evening Later another delegate objected to being put to bed by fellow mem bers Ill get my badge and arrest all of you he threatened favor one group and injure the other The resolution will be pre sented in the next state legisla ture A move to expand the executive board from its present group oi five members to a larger group ol 11 was defeated without opposi tion Karl Fischer of Des Moines commissioner of public safety pointed out to the delegates dur ing the afternoon session that the Iowa Stale Highway patrol more efficient and able to give more cooperation now under the new setup treated by the last leg islature The new system is more flexi ble Mr Fischer explained anc therefore able to work faster and more sure The speaker also stressed the necessity of coopera tion between the various depart ments of law Public opinion is needed to en force laws R C Coulter of De Momes member of the federn bureau of investigation pointec out to the delegates during th morning meeting in the Hole Han ford Laws nre no good unless the public is behind them Mr Coulter explained The FBI ma went on to urge the policemen to stress cooperation by the public He also pointed out that coopera tion between the various depart ments of law is necessary to stop crime Approximately 150 members am visitors convened during the sec ond day business sessions Th auxiliary registration totaled al most 100 Final meetings of the two conventions will be held Wed ncsday morning and will be high lighted by election of officers King Fun reighned during the late afternoon and evening par of Mondays program as the dele gates forgot the convention busi ness worries and participated in i Dutch lunch followed by a dance in the Hotel Hanford An exhibition of that brouKht wave a t Ul npplnuse was presented by Sergt and Mrs Leo Allstot of Masor City The thow which includec shooting small disks nt all angles was climaxed when Sergeant slot shot chnlk from Mrs Allstofs head and mouth LOOK INSIDE FOR EARL BKOWDER JrlitieiLtoBt Destroyed by Revolt PAGE 2 Leaders Head to Top Spots in Major Race PAGE 9 Winneshiek Court Jurors Are Chosen PAGE 5 Large Airplane With Swastika Seen 190 Miles From Boston BOSTON of large airplane with a German Swastika clearly visible on its un derside was reported Tuesday by a trawler from Georges Banks 190 miles eastsoutheast of Bos ton where previously nn uniden tified submarine had been seen by fishermen Captain Morton Selig of the trawler Delaware said upon dock ing Tuesday that during a talk with Captain Michael Shea of the trawler Storm Shea told him thai a big plane flew over the Storm Monday morning with the pninted swastika easily seen from below Shea was quoted by Captain Selift as saying the plane halted its flight temporarily to circle above the trawler as though to identify the craft and its nation ality No Hope Seen for Baby With Outside B ran T MYERS Fla UPDot01 Tuesday saw no hope of saving through surgery a biby born with an oiUide brain The six pound otherwise normal girl born Saturday with part of her brain exposed and protected by only a thin sac The parents were Mr and Mrs N H Fortson of Fclda a mill town near here Two Sisters Found Slain 3 Injured LYNDONVILLE Y Two sisters were found slain Tues day and their mother nnd two other sisters hacked by a sharp instrument in their home Coro nor David Fraser said The coroner identified the dead as Ruth 15 and Carol Dunham 4 for Draft Dodger Bergdoll NEW YORK UR Grovcr Cleveland Bergdoll World war draft dodger goes to trial before a general court martial Monday on charge1 of desertion and es cape Bergdoll has been held since he returned from Germany May PUSH TO BREAK UP RESISTANCE Correspondents Survey Indicates Polish Army Making Valiant Stands By MELVIN K WHITELEATHER WITH THE GERMAN ARMY West of Warsaw IP German headquarters announced that the German forces Tuesday launched a three front offensive which it expected to be the final push to break Polish resistance The fronts were given as East of Radom north of Lodz and northeast of Warsaw Four Polish divisions fighting in the Radom sector south War saw with their backs to the Vis tula river were reported begin ning to surrender Germans also said that a bit ter struggle north Lodz ap Estimate 1500 Germans Killed BEHIND THE GERMAN Front Near Radom Poland UR by Censor e German army has suffered be tween 12000 and 15000 casual of them in the last two the drive into Ioland it was estimated offi cially Tuesday The number killed in battle was put at be tween 1500 and 2000 peared to be ending with heavy Polish losses On the third front German troops uere reported at the gates of Warsaw officers assert cd used their air arm effet lively 0i fronts Bombers again were lying steadily to and from German bases Tr This correspondent observed Hie preparations for Tuesdays offensive on the Hadom front Monday afternoon Heavy rein forcements clogged all roads lead ing to the sector The battle north of Lodz was in i Is third day In the first 24 hours of that struggle Germans esti mated 2000 Poles were killed and 5000 wounded And since that first day the attack has been even fiercer The Germans were trying to force surrender of what remained of the Polish army of the west from 50000 to 60000 men Armored cars tanks and light artillery were used in Tuesdays counteroffensive against the holes The Polish forces were said to be fightinfir a desperate uphill battle in close formation Fuehrer Hitler first soldier of Germany spent Monday in this region I folloxved him by two hours along one road The German high command was confident Warsaw caught in a pincer attack would fall within 24 to 48 hours A few miles north of Lodz im portant textile center one Ger man division vas battling five or six encircled Polish divisions in the hope of capturing 50000 to 150000 men which would be the largest body yet taken A Ger man division numbers 10 000 to 12000 men Polish army consisting troops retreating from Poznnn pro vince and he corridor on Sunday staged the first big offensive made by nny Polish force so far in an attempt to break out and fall back on Warsaw They were halted Sun day night after advancing several miles and on Monday morning a German counterattack was started But even if the Polish divisions should escape their 12 mile wide pocket near Lodz they would nave to encounter another German line drawn up west of Warsaw and between them and the capital lins line which received heavy reinforcements Tuesday morning extends south of the city Another German force was clos ing down the vise on the Polish capital by driving toward Warsaw from the northeast H had crossed the ftarcw river in its advance out of East Prussia A third German army mean while was tightening its hold on Lublin railway point 100 miles southeast of Warsaw and approxi mately HO miles east of Lodz The Germans want both cities o surrender wifhout siege An armored car division which en tered Warsaw a few days ago after driving uj from Silesia has withdrawn to the outskirts of lie city and is awaiting the out come of the battle near Lodz This maneuver was made the Germans said to discourage the
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