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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 2, 1939, Mason City, Iowa R NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HARLOM E R H1ST MEM 4 AR T OEPT of COUP DCS if O I H f S THS NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS rUlJ LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 2 1939 MASON CITY THf BRIGHT SPOT THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTJON ONE NO 281 BRITAIN DELAYS DECLARING WAR Chamberlain Statement to Be Made Sunday France Ready i Nazi Planes Again Bomb Poland With Toll of 130 Dead WARSAW Polish telegraph agency reported Saturday that 130 persons had been killed most of them women and children in 94 air raids by nazi bombers since the Germans launched their invasion of Poland The news agency said the attacks were made on isolated homes as well as cities towns and villages Civilians were reported bombed and gunned on open highways test and explained Polands po The most severe bombardsition ment was reported at Wielun Joh in southwestern Poland downToutn where the municipal hospital of Warsaw said to have been set was afire Up until noon the news agency said it was without information regarding the progress of the Ger man invasion It said the air raids were being conducted throughout Poland The Polish embassy in London said Warsaw had been bombed six aaiu vmioaw nan vjdynia roiish Baltic times during the day A Havas bombed all day Friday enc disatdi re news agency dispatdi re Pans one ol the The agency said a number of women and children Were being brutally removed to East Prus sia from a number of small towns and villages occupied by German troops in the Polish corridor The government said no major engagements involving large bodies of troops had yet been reported from the fron tier but claimed that Ger many in the first day of this undeclared war had lost 16 airplanes an armored train and several tanks It was ad mitted that Poland had lost two airplanes and possibly some tanks At the Wesierplatte fortress at the mouth of the Vistula river overlooking Danzig a spokesman said a company of Poles was standing off an estimated division of Germans The fortress has an underijround system of heavy guns similar to that of the French Maginot line It is manned by a socalled suicide company pro visionedto withstand a six months siege Nineteen cities were listed as been bombed Warsaw Cracow Torun Kutno Tunel Krosno Gdynia Jaslo Kato wice Tomaslow Puck Tczew Brodnica Orotrow Nowy Dwor AuRiisfow Kadomosko Grodno and Bidlapolska It was asserted that Catholic churches had been hit at Grodno and Bidlapolaska Grodno is in the far northeastern part the coun try only 20 miles from Lithuania In addition bombings were re ported unofficially from Poznan important industrial city in the northwest with 246000 inhabi tants Lwow where it was said many were killed and wounded in three raids Warka 40 miles south of Warsaw Lvov where more than 60 were reported killed It was announced that the Slo vak charge daffaires here Lud wig Szathmary had sent a sym pathetic letter to Foreign Minister Josef Beck denouncing the lead ers of his own country The let ter which Szathmary was said to have asked Beck to publish read I express the sympathy of he Slovak people to attacked Poland and I protest before the world against the disarmament of the Slovak army by the German army I protest against the Slovak traitors who admit that Germany is using Slovakian ter ritory in order to attack Poland President Moscicki according to the constitution appointed SmiglyRydz as his successor in the event that anything happens to me Beck conferred with United States Ambassador A 1 Drexcl Biddle British Ambassador Sir Howard William Kennard French Ambassador Leon Noel Japanese Ambassador Shuicki Sakoh and the papal nuncio Monsignor Cor Advices from the frontier said Hie heaviest German attack was eominff from Silesia in the southwest a lighter one from the southeast corner of East Prussia and a third and weak er one was aimed at the Polish corridor Gdynia Polish Baltic port was official that communique pro reichstag that German flyers would spare civilians no mercy was being shown and that in one instance the Germans had bombed an evacuation train 60 miles west of Warsaw killing and wounding many women and children Poles have not bombed the Ger man side of the frontier1 and have made only a defensive fight offi cials said In one raid onWarsaw 60 Ger man planes were over the city for an hour Many of the bombs failed to explode and most of the effec tive ones fell in the suburbs The tactics appeared to have been de signed more to terrorize than damage the city If so they failed of their purpose After every raid people emerged from their shel ters and went casually on their ways Antiaircraft fire was heavy during the bombings here but the raiders mostly Heinkets threaded their way through the blasts of shrapnel without ap parent damage Optimistic ma chine gun crews often fired on the planes from roofs but the planes were 8000 feet up far out of range One antiaircraft gun crew opened fire within a few yards of the United States embassy and shrapnel splinters fell on the em bassy roof Ambassador Biddle Mrs Biddle and their daughter Peggy stood for a long time in the embassy courtyard with members of their staff watching the air planes which were over another part of the city WILL PROTECT INTERESTS WASHirCGTON UR Polish diplomats stationed in United States industrial centers have worked out plans for protecting Polish business and shipping in terests The Weather FORECAST IOWA Mostly unsettled Sat urday night and Sunday prob ably some local thimdershowers cooler Sunday jn ettreme west portion MINNESOTA Local thunder showers Saturday or by Sunday cooler Sunday in west portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather stalls tics Maximum Friday Minimum Friday night At 8 a m Saturday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum WEEKLY FORECAST Weather outlook for period September 4 to September 1939 For the upper Missis and lower Missouri valleys and Cooler beginning of week anr temperatures generally near nor 43 of 9 the itation indicated Use Blocked If war breaks out in Europe and Britain blockades the Baltic sea Germany will relv on L b SOVIET ENVOY REACHES BERLIN Cordiality of Russo Nazi Friendship Is Stressed in Greeting BERLIN tJP Alexander Shkvartzeff new soviet ambassa dor to Germany and seven mem bers of a soviet military mission landed at Templehof airdrome at p m a m CST Sat urday A large crowd of officials gath ered to meet the visitors and a brass band lined the runway Baron von Doernberg chief of protocol for the foreign office greeted the neur ambassador as he stepped from the plane The cordiality of a reawakened GermanRussian friendship was underscored at the reception for malities The new ambassador reviewed an honor guard The party then departed for the soviet embassy via Unter Den Lindem The soviet auto caravan flying small hammer and sickle flags was wildly heiled as it passed Wilhelmstrasse and the chancellory where a large crowd had been milling all day NAZIS CLAIM POLISH ADVANCE Declare Pass Stormed Quickly Objectives Are Being Attained BERLIN German high command communique said Satur day that German troops advances continued everywhere and that the Jablonka Pass at the southwest corner of Poland had been stormed quickly The air force desloyed nu merous enemy airplanes in at tacks on Polish airdromes the communique said It was announced that German troops had occupied Teschcn in the same area Klobuck northwest of Czestochovo 12 miles inside Poland Wieruszow east of Ken ten and Schildberg Nazis said jubilantly that Ger man troops were attaining all ob jectives in their drive into Poland and that they were willing to fight Great Britain for 10 years if she elected to go to Polands aid Russia Names New Envoy to Germany BERLIN Moscow dis patch to the official news agency raid Saturday that Alexander Schkvarzev has been named am bassador to Berlin to for i Merekalov would be given another post LOOK INSIDE FOR BENITO MUSSOLINI Adds 1000 Pilots to Italian Air Forces PAGE 2 North Iowa Schools to Open Next Week PAGE 8 Final Round Sunday in City Golf Tournament PAGE 9 AMERICANS IN PORT STRANDED Departure of French Liner II De France Delayed at LeHavre PARIS than 1000 American refugees from w a r threatened Europe were left stranded Saturday by a govern ment order halting departure of the French liner He de France just as she was about to sail The American embassy said the French government had assured it the liner would sail eventually but the vessel was still at Le Havre 24 hours after her sched uled departure The passengers settled down re signedly to life aboard the ship in port hoping she would leave any minute Many of the Americans even those with reservations made far in advance were sleeping in long rows of cots in salons and recreation rooms CAXT HEAR FOREGNERS many by foreign radio stations was issued Listening to any foreign station is forbidden BULLETIN BULLETINS French News agencyyifeportectfcpiri War say that the Polish capital was by German warplanes for 25 minutes Saturday afternoon The German planes first appeared at p m a m CST flying singly or in formations ol three Polish fighting planes gave battle at heights of around 4500 feet The Germans withdrew at p m Havas said LONDON Reuters Brit ish News agency Saturday pub lished a Polish telegraphic agen cy dispatch from Warsaw as serting that German airplanes made 9i raids on Polish towns in Jhe first 24 hours of undeclared warfare The dispatch asserted that a hospital at Weilun had been bombed COPENHAGEN The Ger man radio announced Saturday that two German columns which had entered Pomorze the Polish corridor from the east and west had affected a junction thus bot tling up Polish forces in the nor thern part the corridor BERLIN Berlin ra dio braodcast at p m a warning that an air raid on Ber lin was eApeclcd Saturday nighf The population was asked to re main calm even if bombs fall Food Prices Fixed at Standstill Prices by British Order LONDON food de fense department Friday night or dered that Fridays prices for al food and commodities be fixed as standstill prices until further no tice and the ministry of transporl took over c ontrol of all railroads in Great Britain it was announced officially Implied Power Vested in War Budget Bill of 69 Billion Francs PARIS AP Premier Daladier Saturday was grant ed implied authority by the chamber of deputies to de clare war on Germany The power was vested in a warbudget bill of 69 billion francs approximately 656000000 which the sober deputies many wearing army uniforms adopted unanimous ly The premier told the chamber that France still was willing to participate In any eleventh hour peace attempts but lie made it plain thai France would fight for Poland unless German zg sression was stopped Edouard Harriot president ol the chamber declared alter the that there r would need to summon parliament again for a war declaration asserting that the budget bill placed that authority in the is tantamount to giving it to Dala dier Whether Daladier would make use of his power depended on the faint possibility of Adolf Hitler availing himself of a last minute loophole for peace The situation now was des cribed as this Answers are still awaited to French and British vir tual ultimatums to Germany de livered Friday If they are not received within he next few hours and Germany continues her war on Poland England and France all observers agree will have to act The government bill in its final form provided 51004000000 for national defense and the remain der for extraordinary civil cre dits Immediately after the war bud Bet was adopted the chamber ad journed amid cheers for the un yielding stand taken by Daladier The chamber met in a tense atmosphere from 3 to p m 8 to a m CST to hear from the nations leaders The ses sion was resumed p m but lasted only six minutes the mem bers rushing through a quick vote The recess was to permit the fi nance committee to approve the war budget The premier then delivered his own account of the crisis caused by the German invasion of Poland and the French and British mob ilizations The responsibility has been established Daladier said in solemn tones But if representations arc tried again we again are ready today to associate in them the premier said Greenwood States Strain Must End Sooner the Better LONDON Britain Saturday night lelayed any declaration of war against Germany at least until noon Sunday but Prime Minister Cham berlain declared in the house of commons that I an ticipate there is only one answer I shall have to give the house at that time His statement followed the revelation in the of lords by Foreign Secretary Halifax that Italy had proposed a fivepower conference to at teropt to restore peace between Germany and Poland Chamberlain made similar disclosure in commons A British declaration of war had been expected through out the day fc Chamberlain told commons that I should be horrified IE the house for one moment thought my statement concerning Italian proposal betrayed the slightest weakening either ot the British or the French government in the attitude we have already taken After Chamberlain spoke Arthur Greenwood labor lead er declared there is a growing feeling in all quarters of the that this incessant Germans Scurry When Air Raid Alarm Given War Highlights By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS BERLINAn answer to final warnings of Great Britain and France is being drafted by Adolf Hitler and his advisers the supreme army command announced German troops were pressing into Poland Sg unSiLSdfownsWy aPPCal ag3inst 41 meets in extraordinary session amid rumors that German armies have suspended operations in Poland British sources report Duke and Duchess of Windsor are planning an immedi ate return to England state of war is proclaimed by President Ignace scicki superseding the state of national emergency decreed Fri army communique states Polish troops were resisting German in meets in second emergency session in two days will meet again Sunday diplomatic circles believe British declar ation of war may be imminent a broadening of the cabinet to include ndudne Winston Churchill was reported has long audience with King Vittorio Emanuele II Duce was believed to have explained why the government was ob serving neutrality uf his efforts to kc ited States out of war Russia was disclosed to have replaced her Germany A S Merekaloff who played an important of the sovietGerman nonaggression pact BERLIN German capital had its first wartime black out and its first air raid alarm Friday night The 15 minute alarm sent the citys entire 4500000 in habitants scurrying for shelter Officials refused to reveal wheth er it was a test or a false alarm There was no doubt about the blackout it was genuine Venemous Snakes in London Zoo Killed LONDON venemous snakes black widow spiders bird eating spiders scorpions and other dangerous insects of the London zoo fell victims to war Saturday They were destroyed during the night and it was planned if Britain went to war to destroy all nonvencmous snakes NYE GIVES VIEWS ESTES PARK Col tor Gerald P Nye R N Dak called the father of neutrality said that Europes neighborhood quarrel is in no sense a threat to HOMER HOOPEE borrow he doesnt hove 1o And what a man he is to bear up under alll Watch for him in the new cojuic strip STARTING MONDAY SEPT4 in the GLOBEGAZETTE ter If we march I hope we shall march in complete unity he and march with France said The statement by Chamberlain and Halifax declared the British government is bound to take ac tion unless German forces are withdrawn from Polish territory Accused by the labor opposi tion of vacillating Chamber lain said it is difficult to syn action with our allies by telephone Hc assured commons he would make a stalement of definite charac ter when the house mecls Sunday V if if Amid labor cheers Greenwood declared I am greatly disturbed An act of aggression took place 38 hours ago The moment that action took place one of the most important treaties of modern times automati cally came into operation He apparently referred to the BritishFrench agreement to aid Poland in the event of the latters attack Chamberlain declared f am the last man to neglect an oppor tunity which I consider offers a chance of avoiding great catastro phe even at the last moment Halifax indicated to the lords that Britains decision concern ing war or peace with Germany had been delayed by considera tion of the Italian proposal for a fivepower conference Ife struck a further note of peace when he said that if the German Rovernment should afrree to withdraw their forces then the British sovernment would be willing to regard the position as bclne the same as before German forces crossed the P olish frontier Prime Minister Chamberlom made a similar statement in the house of commons Both British leaders however demanded agnin that Hitler with draw his armies from Poland Britain and France consulted again concerning setting a time limit for the reply of the Ger man fuehrer to their last warn ing dispatched Friday to Berlin Both Halifax and Chamberlain declared that Britain and France could not enter the proposed five power parley until Poland was cleared of German troops and hos tilities ceased V Foreign Secretary Lord Halifax told the house of lords that no reply had been received from Adolf Hitler to Britains last warning to stop hostilities in Poland and withdraw his troops Dispatches from Berlin said Hitler and his advisers were fram ine an answer to the British Fronch Halifax macle his statement in the third session of the day foi thc lords When the lords con vened the first time Halifax prom
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