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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 28, 1939, Mason City, Iowa V NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME rUSlOH R H 1ST UCM ft ART OEPT Of IOWA COMP CCS I A ASSOCIATED PRESS AND TOOTED NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST 28 1939 HOME EDITION MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT IMS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE HITLER GETS FIRM BRITISH NOTE ARMIES POISED ALONG FRONTIERS SUB SQUALUS IS ON SURFACE IN LAST OF LIFTS Bodies of 26 Dead May Be Removed by Night Navy Officers State PORTSMOUTH N H Coast guards at the Isle of Shoals station reported Monday the sub marine Squalus had apparently been successfully lilted by two pontoons and her own buoyancy The guardsmen said they could see the pontoons attached to the stern of the submarine floating a a m CST and that the bow of the Squalus had broken the surface and sank slowly back again With a cool breeze kicking up a chop on the sundappled water the salvage ship Falcon started soon after daybreak the twin op eration of blowing water from the flooded after compartments o the craft and pushing air into the ballast tanks normally used for surfacing the submarine The U S S Sculpin sister ship to the Squalus had stood by the Falcon ready to lend her pumps il needed to hoist the sunken cvafl from the 90foot depth to which she had been towed in two prev iouslifting operations of fleerssaid it might be fowsiblerrtot xernove the bodies ol deadby nightfall IOWA CRASHES TAKE 11 LIVES Young Woman Fatally Hurt in Fall From Backbone Park Cliff DES MOINES seized 11 more persons in motor vehicle accidents on Iowa high ways during the week ending Monday The two weekend fatal ities increase the toll so far this year to 301 compared with 271 a year loss 30 persons Ade Myers 23 was killed and two hunting companions were in jured about a m Sunday when the 1922 coupe in which they were riding overturned on a dirt road four miles north of Oskaloo sa Mrs Minnie Winterfield 84 of Iowa Falls la died Saturday of injuries suffered in an automobile accident Aug 16 in Franklin county Several lowans lost their lives in other violent ways Mildred Steffen 23 of Epworth was killed Sunday night when she fell from a 75foot cliff at the Backbone State park near Man chester la where she had gone on an outing Companions said Miss Steffen apparently was too close to the edge of the precipice and became dizzy Celia a younger sister collapsed after seeing the death plunge Mr and Mrs Nich I olas Steffens are the parents the girl A fall of slate Sunday at the Ramsey Dooms mine at Knox ville la killed Jesse See 60 and critically injured Bob Thompson The injured man suffered broken ribs and possibly a broken back Richard Claude 11 year old son of Mr and Mrs Emil Claude far mers living near Woolstock drowned in the closed city swim ming pool at Sac City Extra Cots to Be Provided to Bring More Americans Home PARIS United States Lines offices in Paris announced Monday that the liner Manhattan which arrives at Le Havre Wed nesday would be turned around immediately and leave for New via Southampton and Cobh at j Exodus From London f R CONTINUES TO STUDY NEWS IN WHITE HOUSE I vkitors to Condon many of them inf tknta tbf and jammed railway stations setting ffeU in even exllected to 1 the first tar fnd baggage Ot the setlteE out bar Up by Daladier for Hitler Censorship of News and Photographs Is Announced by France PARIS Premier Daladier drew up a second letter to Adolf Hitler Monday in an effort to dis suade the German fuehrer from going to war and keep the way open for peaceful negotiations The French government si multaneously extended its pre paredness for war with publica tion of a decree applying censor ship to news and photographs Effective Monday the decree sajd all printed publications radio broadcasts and newsreels must be submitted to the newly formed general information service for approval Export of all photographs and newsreels was forbidden except for those bearing a visa from the information service France was reaching the last stages in full preparedness with progressive mobilization of troops requisition of transportation and partial evacuation of Paris Spokesmen of the French gov ernment said they considered it virtually impossible to find a pound for common understanding between France and Germany since the exchange of communica tions between Daladier and Hit ler showed they do not speak the same language Daladier they said suggested conversations directly with Poland LOOK INSIDE FOR means a settlement i seemen without war while Hitler as the French view his note simply re plied that he would not talk with Poland and was determined to at midnight the same day About 500 extra cots will be cvni iuu win oe added making a total of 1700 ac commodations for Americans The liner was to have gone to Hamburg and to have sailed Sept 7 Le Havre for New York whvL hS Roosevelt early Sunday morn ing its schedule was advanced to meet the emergency take what he wanted H French spokesman challenged 2000000 Germans in Poland Tap ing that no official figures gave more than 700000 Germans there trance now has included her entire territory in the defense measures being taken on the con tinent Approximately 30000110 men were under arms in the French Numerous defense measures Tirer urSed by the Paris ll lighted signs on the capitals normally blazing boulevards were sanned Householders were warned that light must shine from windows or doors under threat that elec tricity would be cut off Despite these precautions Paris was calm Only small crowds stood outside newspaper offices Garner Man Dies in Mason City Hospital Charles Schleusner 55 of Gar ner died at a Mason City hospital Sunday night following an ill DELBERT BUSH Racing Pilot Killed in Crash at Cleveland Page 2 Champions at Osage Fair Are Selected PAGE 8 High Schools to Open Grid Work for Season PAGE 9 DUTCH ARMY IS MOBILIZED Netherlands Strictly Neutral Is First to Take This Action THE HAGUE Neth erlands Monday proclaimed gen eral mobilization of the Dutch army and navy the first European power to take this action The Netherlands is strictly a neutral country and Adolf Hitler on Sat urday promised Queen Wilhel mina that he would respect its neutrality Abandons Trip to Hyde Park Would Cushion War Shock WASHINGTON tUPJPresident Roosevelt abandoned a proposed trip to Hyde Park NY and re mained at thewhite house Mon day to be immediately available should European developments make it desirable for him to exert new efforts for peace The president had planned to leave Monday night by train for his Hyde Park home White house sources said he had no spe cific further peace moves in mind but emphasized that everything was on an hourtohour basis They said that new peace ap peal plans could be formulated within an hour it European de velopments appeared to warrant nope that good might come irom further acUon Mr Roose velt last week addressed pleas for peaceful settlement of the GermanPolish dispute to Chancellor Adolf Hitler of Ger many President Ignacy Mos cicki of Poland and King Victor Emannuele of Italy that that the nTdvtffl to consult the governments of the LatinAmerican republics on pos sible concerted action in behalf of peace Such consultation was provided in the Buenos Aires peace treaties and the declaration of Lima Unconfirmed rumors circulated that the president was considering asking the American republics and Soviet Russia to collaborate with the United States in a rfew appeal to the European govern ments preparing for war Officials here said they believed it most unlikely that Mr Roosevelt would seek to enlist the aid of the Soviet particularly in view of the nonaggression pact between Rus sia and Germany Mr Roosevelt received addi tional information continuously from state department sources in forming him of the trend of events in the European crisis His secretaries said Mr Roose velt is continuing his closest con tact with the international situa tion They said that they doubted there would be any specifically important developments from Washington immediately They indicated however that in t h c event of any development of ma jor significance comes here Mr Roosevelt may depart from his regular custom of holding press only on Tuesdays and This map shows the Polish Corridor and the Free City of Dauzig territory taken from Germany at the end of the World war return of which is demanded by the nails before they will negotiate Arrows show where German and Polish divi sions face each other in what Is believed would be the first battleground in event of war Observation Ballpens Up Warsaw Lives From Minute to Minute on WarPeace Line WARSAW ff German ob servation balloons were reported aloft over the GermanPolish border Monday as Warsaw lived from minute to minute on the fragile line between peace and The dice have not yet been thrown said one morning War saw newspaper but they may have been thrown by the time these words are in1 print Frontier crises were reported from various districts as nervous strain found expression in gun fire A Polish cavalryman was killed Polish reports said that Polish frontier guards and buildings were being almost continuously attacked not only with rifles but with machineguns and hand gren ades Most train airplane and high way communications between Po land and Germany stopped but up until Sunday night at least respondents form them of the situation Thug Who Slugged linton Man Hunted CLINTON Monday were seeking the man who slugged and robbed Louis Brennan 32 here Sunday night Brennan who gave police a hazy account of the incident was struck on the face and head with a milk bottle and relieved of S20 in cash police said the Polish corridor to East sia from Germany Poland remained confident that the decision of the British govern ment which Ambassador Sir Nevile Henderson will convey to Adolf Hitler would not be harm toi Polish interests Britain will not agree to a new Munich declared a headline in the Express Poranni The opinion was expressed here that Hitlers demands for taking over the Polish corridor as well as Danzig vindicated the view that Germany had further designs on Polish territory Nazi Trucks Rumble Along Roads to Polish Frontier Roads Are Congested by Military Movements in Gleiwitz Vicinity GERMAN POLISH TIER Near Gleiwitz columns FRON Germany trucks roads of dusty rumbled along German to the frontier Monday Many towed trailers Those not covered with tarpaulins revealed cargoes of antiaircraft guns and machine guns The cavalcades congested roads fid forced civilian cars on a 125 mile tour skirting the frontier that lasted four hours The atmosphere pervading the border districts was that of calm ness The populace was tense and reticent When one could start a conversation it almost ately struck this note It must come sometime sooner the better It was difficult for civilian au tomobiles even to penetrate the immedi The radiators HITLER WILLING FOR MEDIATION BYNAZIFRIENDS Direct Negotiations With Warsaw Rejected by German Fuehrer By LOUIS P LOCHNEK BERLIN Hitler was represented in wellinformed cir cles Monday to be willing to have some friend like Premier Mus solini of Italy mediate in Ger manys dispute with Poland which has led Europe to the brink of war In rejectingdirect negotia tions with Warsaw the German chancellor disclosed that his demands on Poland not only included return of Danzie and the Polish corridor but also im plied he would insist on other adjustments at the expense of Poland In connection with suggestions that Premier Mussolini would be acceptable as a mediator reliable sources said that Bernardo Attol ifco Italian ambassador to Ger many is in frequent touch with Hitler Hitler indicated in a reply to Premier Daladier of France made public early Monday that he con sidered direct talks with Poland I seeno possibilityior us on our part to exert influence in the direction of reasonableness upon Poland the fuehrer declared He did not comment directly on Daiadiers suggestion that the French premier was ready to make every effort which an up right man can undertake toward a peaceful solution Had Hitler intended to ask med iation by Daladier he would it was argued in political circles here have asked Daladier in his An insight into German aspira tions came from the letter sent by the fuehrer to Premier Daladier Hitler cited what he called Macedonian conditions prevail ing along other parts of the fron tier presumably upper Silesia The inference was that Germany has claims in this direction too Germans use Macedonian as a synonym for terrorist To Daladier Hitler spoke as one soldierpatriot to another He said he wanted nothingmore for Germany than Daladier would want for France if France were in Germanys intolerable posi tion France Hitler nrgued would not tolerate a foreign corridor through its territory so why should Germany The argument it was said in informed quarters was designed to appeal to the French sense of logic for which Hitler frequently has expressed admiration The demands on Poland were increased because Hitler had been on record before only for a corridor through the a strip of territory to connect Ger many with Danzig and the isolat ed province of East Prussia Now Polands right to a corri dor to the Baltic sea is conceded no longer The comment about Macedonian conditions farther south was regarded as a hint other Iaims might be taken up in the iutu re The fuehrer argued lie was le nient with Poland Summary NOTE PHRASED TOVTirvw LONDON British ambas sador flies to Berlin with reply to Hitlers demands for Polish corridor and Danzig note be lieved to contain reaffirmation British support for Poland BERLIN Informed persons indicate Hitler is willing to have friend like Mussolini medi ate dispute with Poland publi cation of Hitlers letter to Dala dier discloses Germans demands on Poland boosted to include Polish corridor as well as Dan zig other adjustments at Polands expense hinted Nether lands orders general mobiliza tion draws up second letter to Hitler hoping to keep way open for peaceful negotiations observa tion balloons reported over GermanPolish frontier as Po land lives in minutetominute fear of war report Mus solini active in efforts to ar range settlement between Lon don and Berlin for averting war TOKIO i General Abe sum moned by emperor to form new cabinet after resignation of Baron Hiranuma over soviet German nonaggression pact MOSCOW Soviet unions parliament assembles to rush ratification of Germansoviet pact Rhine Frontier at Strasbourg Closed PARIS Rhine frontier Between France and Germany was closed Monday morning at Strasbourg The only persons per tu yeiiuLraie tne mitted to cross the bridge from frontier zone All traffic not Strasbourg to Kehl were German bearing official passes or not pal resident nf flip Vrrnoh pably military was shunted either zone westward or southward upon manv reaching the neighborhood of Breslau There was virtually no gasoline available in German Si lesia The Riesengeborge health re sorts were empty of visitors for the most part Few private au tomobiles were about All bus ex cursion trips had been canceled Several delivery trucks from Berlin and from Silesia towns had been converted into of the French frontier zone and tourists returning to Ger Liner Fails to Vlake Stop in England SOUTHAMPTON England ttJP German liner Europa which was scheduled to disem bark 40 passengers from New York at Cowes roads Monday did not call there but continued to number of German oassengers stranded here LIMITS BRITISH BOATS ACTIVITY Admiralty Requests Shippers to Stay Out of Mediterranean Baltic LONDON admiralty now exercising emergency control over all British shipping said Monday British merchant vessels bad been advised to stay out of the Mediterranean and Baltic seas Shipping will stop at both ends of the Mediterranean British ships already in that sea will continue their voyages but have been di rected to leave Italian ports Feared He Would Lose Home Kills Attorney MINNEAPOLIS Minn Wilbur Farrington 53 admitted to police Monday that he shot and killed David Melin an attorney Farrington also confessed the shooting of Mrs Gunnar Ellison on the same nightthat Melin was killed Mrs Ellison was wounded in the ankle Anger over the prospect of losing his home through a sheriffs sale led him to fire the shots Farrington said Norway Puts Embargo on Export of Food OSLO IP The Norwegian government imposed a general embargo on the export of all classes of goods except fish wood iron ore and iron pyrites The Weather FORECAST IOWA Partly cloudy to cloudy probably scattered show ers in extreme west and extreme northcentral portions Monday night and Tuesday siighlly warmer in cast portion Monday night cooler in extreme west anfl extreme northcentral por tions Tuesday MINNESOTA Partly cloudy probably scattered shoivers in southeast and extreme south portions Monday night and Tuesday warmer in extreme southeast and cooler in west and norih portions Monday night cooler in extreme southeast poi tlon Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics maximum Sunday 79 Minimum Sunday night 56 At 8 a m Monday 65 YEAR AGO Maximum 73 Minimum 47 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 79 Minimum Saturday night 53 At 8 a m Sunday 66 YEAR AGO Maximum 74 Minimum JR TO SEEK REPLY DELAYING WAR Additional Emergency Steps Put in Force by England and France BERLIN Britain s ambassador to Ger many Sir Nevile Henderson landed at Templehof airport here at pm pm CST Monday night bringing the British reply to Ger manys demands upon Poland Henderson said he might fly back to London Tuesday He asked airport atten dants to provide accommo dations for the pilots of his twinmotored plane and his radio operator and asked that the machine be in readiness for a possible takeoff German political c i r c J e s thought the ambassador and KGLO Schedules Foreign Broadcasts rag fonfeB wta be hewd Monday at 7 p ia p m and midnight Tuesday at the fuehrer would confer al most immediately Official photographers al ways on hand to record mo mentous events in German history were instructed to be at the chancellery at 10 p m 3 p m CST Britain Continues Polish Support LONDON ambassador to Germany Sir Nevile Henderson flew to Berlin Monday afternoon with a message to Adolf Hitler which informed quarters said reaffirmed the British inten tion to support Poland if she is attacked The details of the note were not disclosed but it was reported to have said the first requirement for any negotiation of the Pol ish question was the re moval of threats of force Sources close to the gov ernment indicated the mes sage was of such a nature a reply was expected from the German fuehrer This it was believed would fore stall any decisive action un til Tuesday at least Sir Nevile left by plane a few minutes before 5pm 10 a m CST and was ex pected to reach Berlin early In bhe evening Shortly before he left Lon don the government took a series of emergency steps in dicating the possibility of war was still considered immin ent as Prime Minister Cham berlain said last week Adolf Hitlers unequivocal de mand for Danzig and the Polish corridor spurred Europe to further military preparations Monday Premier Daladier of France who already has told Hitler that Trance would stand by Poland jlso framed a new message to the German fuehrer simultaneously with the one Britain was to de liver Monday afternoon Thus it appeared that despite he gulf between the views of Hitler and those of Britain and France there still was a hope that war might be averted Hitler was represented by wcll nformed Berlin circles as willing o have some friend like Premier Vlussolini mediate the German Polish dispute Mussolini was said by reliable sources in Rome to be continuine close contact with Hitler and the British government in the hope
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