Mason City Globe Gazette, August 26, 1939

Mason City Globe Gazette

August 26, 1939

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Issue date: Saturday, August 26, 1939

Pages available: 16

Previous edition: Friday, August 25, 1939

Next edition: Monday, August 28, 1939

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Publication name: Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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All text in the Mason City Globe Gazette August 26, 1939, Page 1.

Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 26, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT VOL XLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUU LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASQN GITY 261 1939 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTION ONE NO 274 REPORT NAZI RAN REJECTED Britain France Learn Hitlers Position Unyielding Why F R Addressed Plea to Italian King WASHINGTON It was not through oversight that Mr Roose velt strangely addressed his peace appeal to King Victor Emanuele alone with only a copy to Mus solini The men at the helm here had been tipped from Rome that the king has been actively represent ing a faction of moderates in try ing to persuade Mussolini not to go too far with Hitler in Dan zig The king is actually s u p posed to have told il duce the Italian people would not sup port a war merely to help the Germans get Danzig F u rthermore it is no secret on high here that France over northern Paul Mallon would romp all romp Italy at the outbreak of hostili ties Military men do not rate Italian defenses very high Thus the peace shaft was clever ly aimed at what seemed to be the weakest point in the RomeBerlin axis N Not all Mr Roosevelts associates however thought it Some wanted the appeal made directly to Mussolini thus affording him an open chance of changing his mind on his own ini tiative They believed he might change more readily if the propo sition did not drive a wedge with in his own family if Weight of Armies Diplomatic dispatches always palpitate with excitement in crises but the guiding force that general ly controls in the end is the mili tary position of the nations in volved Statesmen act only as their military situation directs or permits The only worthwhile ad vance calculations that authorities here have been able to make in the swiftlychanging situation were therefore grounded in the military facts as far as these could be learned namely Hitler has had enough men set for two weeks to pinch off the Polish corridor Danzig and Sile sia The last official count showed 300000 fighting troops massed in four socalled armies on the Polish frontier As Germany has been moving additional troops in con tinuously the probable total 48 hours ago may well have been 480000 one army has been perched 35 kilos from Danzig in Germany one in East Prussia on the other border of Danzig the other two strung down the Ger manPolish line Repeated reports that Hitler has a formidable army in Slovakia are not accepted at full value here True his troops have been filter ing into the Slovakian forces but the Slovaks have not reacted en thusiastically and this has been the weakest link in his line Hit ler could easily hit the Poles how ever from the west and south si multaneously with every expec tation of occupying the territory he has desired up to the Vistula river in the north and a line run ning southwest of Warsaw Italy Is Vulnerable The British and French could not get at him in these circum stances Unless they violate the soil of Belgium and Holland they could not touch him Even if they were willing to take this step and all inside reports have indicated they were not Hitler would have had at least an even chance of preventing the landing of troops on Netherland or Belgian shores by bombing and counter invasion But France and Britain can get at Italy and without Italy Hitler cannot indefinitely maintain his war position in Poland or his diplomatic superiority Copyrirbt Klnr Features Inc HEADS VETS HOSPITAL WASHINGTON ad ministrator of veterans affairs an nounced appointment of William B Nugent native lowan as mana ger of the veterans hospital in Des Moines effective Sept 15 STATE AID PLAN FOR SCHOOLS IS GIVEN IMPETUS Jessie Parker Names Committee to Study Proposal for Iowa DES MOINES The open ing shot in a new campaign for state support for public schools was fired Saturday with the ap pointment by Jessie M Parker state superintendent of public in struction of a committee to study the feasibility oi such a plan for Iowa A bill which would have appro priated upwards of a year from the state treasury for local school support failed to pass the last legislature Proponents of the bill argued general state support wasneces sary to provide equality of edu cational opportunity for the chil dren in districts not sufficiently wealthy to provide uptostand ard instruction The committee which is ex pected to have its data ready be fore the 1941 session of the legis lature is composed of the follow ing school officials District superintendents D J KelleyTipton committee chair man J S Gougill Chariton W T North Corydon W F John son Harlan Thomas R Roberts Decorah William F Shirley Marshalltown A A Voogd Rock Rapids R W Newell Emmets burg A R Morledge Wapello E R Cope Jesup O A Rusley Lake Mills Forrest P Hagen Al lerton County superintendents Fred R Tucker Guthrie county Guth rie Center J L Davies Howard county Cresco C G Hadley Woodbury county Sioux City Cameron M Ross a supervisor and W A Winterstein statistician both department of public instruc tion staff members also will work with the committee Dr E P Pet terson of the University of Iowa has agreed to act as consultant for the committee Miss Parker said The Weather FORECAST IOWA Partly cloudy Satur day night and Sunday slightly warmer in west and north por tions Saturday night and in east and south portions Sunday cloudy probably showers in north por tion Saturday night and Sun day warmer in east and south portions Saturday nighl except near Lake Superior cooler in west and north portions Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Friday 79 Minimum Friday night 50 At 8 a m Saturday 66 YEAR AGO Maximum 78 Minimum 47 Rainfall Trace WEEKLY FORECAST Outlook for period of Aug 28 to Sept 2 1939 For the upper Mississippi and lower Missouri valleys Gener ally fair with temperature some what above normal except show ers and cooler early in week and again last of week Children Leave Danger Zone On their way out of Paris andthe danger of wartime air raids these French children are seen at a Paris station as they waited for a train while the peace of Europe hung in the balance Poland Agrees to Refrain From Any Hostile Activity President Moscicki Suggests Indirectly F R Be Conciliator WARSAW agreed Saturdayto President Roosevelts suggestion to refrain from any hostile act provided Germany also agrees to refrain from any such act direct or President Ignace Moscicki ac cepted Mr Roosevelts suggestion of conciliation and suggested in directly that Roosevelt be the con ciliator He voiced approval of Mr suggestion that direct negotiation with Germany was one possible method of peaceful settlement and addeed We consider likewise the method of conciliation by a third power as disinterested and impartial as Your Excellency to be a just and equitable method in the solution of controversies arisingbetween nations A new series of border incidents was announced Saturday On the f PolishEast Prussian frontier near Mlawa German sol diers hidden in a forest were re ported to have fired across the frontier killing one Polish fron tier guard and wounding another Polish reports said German au thorities had closed several fron tier routes Early this morning Germans were reported to have fired across the Slovak frontier on the Polish railway station at Baskidy Czarne Windows were reported smashed and the roof damaged At the station of Mosty Slaskie a group alleged ly crossed the frontier seized1 a locomotive and tried to take it to Cadca in Slovakia but were forced back across the frontier by Polish guards Poles crowded Warsaws Ro man Catholic churches where prayers for peace and country were offered in special masses As the people made their way to and from church they could see workers digging trenches and constructing air raid shel ters in open spaces and parks Although it is expected that if war Polish capital will be bombed and possibly gassed these are the first precautions Warsaw has made to protect its 1300000 inhabitants LOOK INSIDE EMPEROR HIROIIITO Faces Emergency as RussoNazi Pact Result PAGE 2 Minnesota Governor Talks in North Iowa PAGE 8 Masoni City Golfera to Start Tourney Route PAGE 9 Gold Reaches All Time High in London LONDON reached an aLltime high of 155 shillings an ounce Saturday BURNED BY ELECTRICITY BOONE Iowa E Lar son Jr 24 was burned critically about the neck and shoulders when he came in contact with a wire carrying 2200 volts of elec tricity while working with an electric railroad line crew near Pilot mound FRANCE CALLS UP MORE MEN 3 Additional Groups Mobilization pleted PARIS to Germanys reported peace sugges tions Saturday with a notice to Berlin that she would negotiate only on a basis of absolute parity and simultaneously up three fresh military groups The foreign ministry aftier de bating throughoutthe day pro posals advanced byFuehrerHit ler Friday to Robert Coulondre French ambassador at Berlin sent its reply Saturday night in new instructions to the ambassa dor Officials indicated1 the answer constituted neither a flat yes nor no to Hitler but defined Francesposition clearly Thatposition officials said was given fully by Premier Daladier in hisbroadcast to the nation Fri day night There can be no conference simply to ratify Germanys claims one highly placed offi cial only on a basis of absolute parity The French government mean while mobilized three military groups This call to the colors made Frances mobilization in the face of the European crisis almost complete The national defense ministry announced that officers and troops holding mobilization orders bearing the numbers 1 5 arid 6 are called to the colors and must conform to the instructions of their mobilization cards Sentenced for Using Horsewhip on Farmei FAIRMONT Minn schel Spencer 38 farm hand be gan a 90 day term in the county jail for beating Lester Anderson a farmer with a horsewhip Spen cer1 was accused of entering the Anderson home at midnight and attacked the farmer as he slept CANADA SENDS APPEALS OTTAWA Minister W L Mackenzie King has sent messages to Fuehrer Hitler Pre mier Mussolini and President Moscicki of Poland to prevent war FRPERFECTNG U S STEPS IN CASE OF WAR Hull Declares No Word Received on Proposals of Hitler WASHINGTON Roosevelt awaiting possible re sponse from Berlin to his second appeal for peace concentrated Saturday on cy steps the United States would take in eventof a European war The chief executive conferred Saturday morning on war meas ures and reserved the afternoon for work in his study Officials said that for the time he did not contemplate any further moves designed to forestall armed con flict but emphasized this course could be changed if developments warranted Secretary Hull said at his press conference meanwhile that he had received no tangible infor mation regarding the proposal which Adolf Hitlerwas reported to havemade for a settlement with Poland Asked whether official dis patches bora out press indications of a lessening of European ten sion the state department chief saidit would serve no usefulpur pose to discuss that question in the present state ofinternational Mr Roosevelt addressed his message to theGerman chancellor Friday night shortly after Presi dent Moscicki of Poland had ac cepted a proposal advanced by Mr Rposeyelt24 hours earlier that the two nations talk things over beforegoing to war After reciting to Hitler the text of Mosclckis acceptance Mr Roosevelt said All the world praysthat Ger many too will accept In his Thursday night messages addressed to Hitler and Moscicki Mr Roosevelt had suggested three methods of averting war Direct negotiation impartial arbitration or conciliation President Mos cicki expressed approval of either negotiations or conciliation Friday nights appeal was the fifth peace message that Presi dent Roosevelt had addressed to Hitler in less than a year In Ber lin a government spokesman said it was probable that Friday nights communication had arrived after the fuehrer had retired and that he would not see it until Satur day morning Your excellency president Roosevelt telegraphed Hitler has repeatedly and publicly stated that the ends and the objectives sought by the German reich were just and reasonable In his reply to my message the president of Poland has made it plain that the Polish government is willing upon the basis set forth in my messages to agree to solve the controversy which has arisen between the re public of Poland and the German reich by directnegotiation ox through the process of conciliation Countless human lives can yet be saved and hope may still be restored that the nations of the modern world may even now construct a foundation for a peaceful and a happier relation ship if you and the government of the German reich will agree to the pacific means of settlement accepted by the government of Poland Mr Roosevelt also telegraphed King Leopold III of Belgium that the United States shared the peace hopes expressed by Leopold in his Aug 23 message to the seven small powers of the socalled Oslo group Nazi Thinks Compromise Under Way Says Order to Begin Danzig Operations Rescinded by Hitler By LOUIS P LOCHNER BERLIN trust worthy and authoritative in formant insisted Saturday that a compromise in the Ger manPolish crisis is under way and declared that the dan ger of a world war is definitely averted The informant stuck to his view point even whenhe was shown latest developments including Germanys prohibition on private aviation the stoppage of boat service to Danzig the cancellation of a large number of trains and the designation of upper Silesia as an area of military operations All these measures he explained had been decided upon earlier and were now being executed The turning point the in formant contended came at 2 oclock Saturday morning At that time he said an order to begin operations along the Polish border and at Danzig at Saturday morning was rescinded At 2 a m telephone and telegraph communica tions with foreign countries were resumed after an inter ruption of seven hours High army quarters the in formant said strongly ad vised Adolf Hitler to show the same willingness to negotiate that Polish President Moscicki had shown in his reply to President Roosevelt The result he said was British Ambassador Sir Nevile Hender sonsmission to London Saturday Paris and Rome also were ad vised of Hitlers offer the infor mant said This assertion was borne out by information divulgred by a government spokesman Saturday morning to the effect that the really big decisions are being arrived at in Berlin Rome Paris and London Reports that Adolph Hitler would address the German nation through a hastily assembled reichstag session before the days end ran through Berlin Saturday but without official confirmation Meanwhile the fuehrers elev enth hour crisis message flown to London by British Ambassador Sir Nevile Henderson was being pondered by the British givern ment Hundreds Are Turned Down in Efforts to Get Sailings to U S PARIS of trans Atlantic steamship lines said Sat urday they were turning down hundreds of applications for sailings to America At the United States Lines more than 200 persons were in formed the 100 emergency cots taken aboard the liner President Roosevelt were all occupied The ship headed originally to ward Hamburg Germany was scheduled now to sail for New York at midnight These European Personalities Figure in in Europe Beck King Leopold ir Moscicki Von Rlhbentrop Mussolini SUlin Hitter Chamberlain Daladier Halifax HENDERSON TO TAKE REPLY TO HITLER SUNDAY Fuehrer Suff ettions Reported to Show No Retreat From Demands LONDON Brit ish cabinet with peace or war in the balance held an emer gency meeting Saturday night and drafted a reply to Adolf Hitler which reliable sources said would be a refusal to ac cept his suggestions for settling Germanys demands on Poland The reply will be flown to Berlin Sunday by Sir Nevile Henderson British ambassa dor to Germany who flew here Saturday morning and transmitted Hitlers sugges tions to the cabinet and the king The suggestions accord ing to British sources showed no positive retreat from Hit lers previous demands for possession of Danzig the Polish corridor and certain other sections along Polands frontiers which belonged to Germany before the World war Parliament it was reported Saturday night probably will meet in special session on Monday to hear statements by Prime Minister Neville Cham berlain and Foreign Minister Viscount Halifax on the Euro pean situation The British cabinet meet ing adjourned at p m p m CST after con sidering the question for nearly two and a half hours There will be another meet ing Sunday There was no official state ment as to the nature of the reply to Hitler Reliable sources said Hitler demanded a free hand to deal directly with Poland Britain and France firmly op pose such a solution insisting that if there is any conference Poland must be fully represent ed with the firm backing of Paris and London also in at tendance Despite the reported attitude of London nazi circles in Berlin con tinued to express confidence that Britain would counsel Poland to accept Hitlers terms Information in London and Paris was different Informed sources said the two powers were determined to stand by their pledge to protect Poland even if it meant war It was announced in Paris that Robert Coulondre French am bassador to Berlin had flown back to the German capital to reply to Hitlers vague statements in conversations between Coulondre and the fuehrer Friday Coulondre was instructed to re state the French position to Hitler on the basis of Friday nights speech by Premier Edouard Dala dier in which he warned there will be war if Poland is attacked Coulondre was instructed to re call to Hitler Frances commit ments obliging her to fight if Hitler moves to attack and parti tion Poland According to a usually well informed source the message which Henderson brought from Hitler contained an assurance of Germanys continued sympathy with Britain It was stated the message was designed to encour age the British appeasement group While the gloomy outlook for peace continued the British and French professed to be satisfied vith the generaltrend of events and cited the following develop ments 1 They hear that Berlin and Rome are deeply disappointed by theIrepercussions to the soviet ;

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