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Mason City Globe Gazette: Saturday, April 15, 1939 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 15, 1939, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HARUO E H H i s r vt M s A 3 r oer or IOWA COUP DES M 0 1 N S I A EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY THI 1RIOHT SCOT VOL XLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AKO UNITED PRESS fcULi LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY APRIL 15 1939 THIS PAPEB CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 161 F D R APPEALS TO DICTATORS NEWS BEHI ByPAULMALLON Embassy Attache in City Taft Given Edge for 40 Nomination polls gen erally point to Mr Dewey as the most popular republican The star political reporters who know that getting a nomination is no popu larity contest seem to be fig uring Senator Taft as most likely to win the 1940 torch Five jour nalists all re publicans at a luncheon this week unani mously gave Taft the ecige at present Paul Mallon The wise old professional politicians who are getting down to counting conven tion delegates give a chance equal with Taft to two dark horses sel dom mentioned in public state Bricker of Ohio and Herbert Hoover They are counting power not popularity and are therefore more apt to be right Deweys youth and executive inexperience they expect may be counted more openly against him when the party gets seriously down to political business Older hands would rate him as the out standing possibillty lor vice presi dent Bricker pr Hoover Hoover Best Known The way in which quiet prepar atory efforts are developing in behalf of the various candidates now indicates Mr Hoover may be as great a power at the nomina tion concention as any other single person He has old fiiends and al lies close ones in every political nook and corner of the United States They all knew him when he was president Many are per sonally obligated to him None seems to know whether he will be a candidate The supposi tion is general that if he decides he can win the election he will go actively after the nomination Otherwise he will have a formi dable group of friends to help or hurt someone else It is evident no one is going to get the nomination who makes faces at Hoover Puzzling Angle The leading prominence of Taft and Bricker two men from the same state the state which has mothered more presidents than any other is a puzzling inner angle Both men cannot go into the convention in their present leading position Both cannot have Ohio Ones success there must necessarily cause the death of the naturally There is no appearance of a clash between them yet discern ible here Bricker is organizing One of his friends went through the south recently on a survey His first big speech outside his state in Philadelphia on Lincoln day did not gather the attention expected It seems to have been smothered by other better known speakers on other Lincoln day programs But there will be other speeches and very likely a na tional Bricker e n James Is Power A man whose name has not even been suggested in the reg ular lists seems now likely to be a convention power second only to James of Pennsyl vania Many a rcoublica nomi nation has been decided by the Pennsylvania delegation It has almost as many delegates as New York with more unity While James may not be able to do much for himself in a nominating senfe he can do plenty for and against others The DeweySimpson stories root in their recent cool nesses which developed after the New York Lincoln day dinner It seems Dewey smiled at Hoover and Hoover later had dinner at Dewcys home which did not strike the Simpson people as be ins along lines they had hoped If and when Dewey strikes out nationally for himself he is ex pected to leave his national com mitteeman behind Simpsons des tination is not evident yet He could line up for Bruce Barton Ihe congressman who while not 3 candidate is reaching Cor the lightning That would mean a split New iork delegation Elat Features Int Polands Josef Beck Tight Rope Walker Says Attache Thormdd 0 Klath Visits Brother in Mason City Josef Beck Polands inimitable foreign minister continues to be one of Europes most clever states men according to Thormod O Klath commercial attache to the embassy of the United States at Warsaw Poland Mr Klath suave courteous and polished as befits one who has lived 20 years in the American embassies abroad is spending the weekend at the home of his brother Carl Klath 1005 West State street With him are his wife and two children Bob 15 years and Carolyn 9 years Mr Klath has been stationed in Poland for little more than a year previous to which time he was for two years at the Danish capital Copenhagen Previous to that he was at Stockholm capital of Swe den for a number of years Worked on Treaties Between assignments at the two Scandinavian capitals Mr Klath spent one and onehalf years at Washington working on reciprocal trade treaties a field in which he has made considerable study Mr Klaths admiration for Po lands cryptic foreign minister has developed through many contacts during the past year Beck he said handling a difficult job Polands geographical position makes his task a tough one Poland is surrounded on three sides by Germany She has Russia on the east Germany is the chiel factor in foreign trade and recent ly granted Poland a credit of 000000 On the other hand Polan has a large market in Englanc which she cannot afford to lose Consequently the man h o handles Polands foreign relations has to be a tight rope walker By Three SIcii Poland like CzcchoSlovakia came into existence after the World war and chiefly through the work of three men President Wil son Colonel House and Padercw ski lUr Klath pointed out It is no a closely knit homogeneous peo ple Sizable minorities exist Among them are the Ukranians in the southeast who with a littl agitation from the exterior hav their eyes on a united Ukraine nation the White Russians to thi northeast and the German tern tory to the northwest The standard of living cdu cation and agricultural operation are higher in northwestern Poland that formerly belonged to Ger many he said In eastern Po land illiteracy is high I am convinced the innermos desire of the Polish people is to b left alone and to live their owi lives They have plenty to do a home Of Military Importance Economic development in th country of particular interest is the building of an industrial dis trict in the heart of the nation according to Mr Klath The short term significance of this is arma ment preparation while the long term aspects involve the indus trialization of the country bring ing it into better balance with ag iculture per cent f the people are now peasants ngaged in agriculture The construction of Gdynia vherc there was nothing 20 years go to a city of 125000 and the teat equipped port in the Baltic one of the big accomplishments f the country The undeveloped countries of Europe are in the path of efficiency and capacity to and deselop according to Hi Klath Is German Field is generally true that coun ties that are neighbors trade more than countries some dis ance apart he added We trade more with Canada than any other country chiefly because of her proximity Eastern Europe uroduces agri cultural nroducfs thatGermany needs She has the industrial products they require Conse quently eastern Europe is Ger manys natural field for trade iVith trade goes economic devel opment and domination With eco lomic exploitation you arent so far from political domination About half of Polish exports to the United States consist of canned hams Correspondingly the greatest American export to Poland is raw cotton followed by scrap iron and specialized ma chinery Mr Klath and his family who alan to return to Poland in June have been in the United States since November IOWA ECONOMY BUDGET PASSES BY 8217 VOTE State Schools and Departments Suffer Appropriation Cuts BULLETIN DES M O I N E S h e Iowa house Saturday passed an amendment o the capital im provements appropriation bill calling for a year for the next bicnnium fora new womens gymnasium at Iowa Slate college The vote ivas 72 to 4 DES MOINES Iowa house Saturday passed and sen to the senate the 514400000 state government economy budget requested of the lower chambe by Gov George A Wilson The vote was 82 to 17 with scattered members of the repub lican powerhouse joining the democratic bloc in opposing the measure on final passage As finally passed the bill re duces the budget between and 5850000 a year compared with the allowances provided in the original house appropriations bill Old Bill Discarded The house last week almost assed a bill calling for a 515239 00 budget compared with 13 26000 voted by the 1937 legis ature The economy ier aided Gov rnor Wilson held up final con ideration of the measure until the etrenchment drive lined up suf icient votes to tear up the old ill Brunt of the economies which lep Arch W McFarlanc Vaterloo frankly admitted were artly trading stock for later ealings with the senate fall upon liestate educational institutions nd the administrative state de lartments Budget Near 521000000 Including state agencies not un Give Us Peace for Ten Years ASSURANCES OF PEACE FOR 10 YEARS SOUGHT Tells Mussolini and i Hitler He Would Act 1 in Intermediary Role FRANKLIN D ROOSEVELT BEN1TO IHUSSOLINI ADOLF HITLER France Britain Back Plan LOOK FOR INSIDE CHARLES A LINDBERGH To Testify Next Week Before Committee PAGE 2 Mason City Nevada Tied in Music Tilt STATE PAGE Mason City High Is 65 Diamond Winner SPORTS PAGE ler the budget two years ago the etrenchments total about 31000 100 compared with the original republicans leaders said The udgetary newcomers which pre iously supported themselves out of special tax collections and fees vill raise the annual state budget otal budget up towards the 000000 mark Four republicans including Chairman O N Hultman Stanton of the house appropria ions committee voted against the Jill They were joined by 13 of the 19 house democrats Besides Hultman the republi cans were Dancer Roan Knowllon The democrats were Dielz Eckerman Elliott Gra iam Irwin Johannes Johnson Knippling Kohlhaas Manley Moore Paul lus Reilly Even though the republican eadership had to stand some ora orical crossfire from both G O P and democratic members the skids were greased for rapid pass age of the economy bill That stormy party caucus the other day apparently settled the fate of the original measure Under McFarlanes direction the house voted to suspend the rules and to consider the numerous changes as one long amendment Three democratic attempts to boost specific figures in the re vised totals were swiftly voted down Reduces School Funds Tile bill in part provides 1 A 10 per cent reduction un der the original appropriations measure for nearly all state ad ministrative departments 2 A 5397280 annual increase over two years ago for the six stale mental hospitals 3 A figure of 52265000 an nually for the University of Iowa up 5100000 from 1937 but down 5235000 compared with the orig inal bill 4 A total of for Iowa State college compared with 52 150000 in 1937 and in the original bill 5 Iowa State Teachers S638 000 compared with 5623500 two years ago school for deaf S223 000 compared with 5217000 school for blind SI27000 com pared with S112000 University hospital S 1050000 compared with all comparisons with 6 Reduction from 5 to 4 12 j cents a mile allowance for the operation of automobiles used on state business PARIS ACCEPTS F R PROPOSAL Chamberlain Issues Statement Entirely Supporting Estimate PARIS Edouard Daladier Saturday notified the United States of Trances un conditional acceptancepf Presi dent Roosevelts peace plan Daladier officially notified Wil liam C Bullitt United States am bassador of Frances acceptance of the presidents warning to the dictators and his offer to call a peace and disarmament confer EXCLAND SUPPORTS PRESIDENTS ESTIMATE LONDON IP Prime Minister Chamberlain authorized an official statement Saturday night in which he said his majestys govern ment entirely indorse the presi dents estimate of the internation al situation Chamberlains statement fol lows His majestys government learned with cordial approval of the message which was communi cated last night to the chancelkn of the German reich and to the head of the Italian government by the president of the United States of America and which has now been issued to the press His majestys government en tirely indorse the presidents esti mate of the international situa tion They believe that the states manlike initiative which Presiden Hoosevelt has been inspired to take offers n real opportunity o averting the catastrophe whicl overhangs Europe and which thcj are convinced is feared in ever country replies from Germany an Italy must now be awaited Hi majestys government for thei pait desire to express the firm hope that those replies will open Ihe way to the further steps o which the president speaks RAINY WEEKEND FOR IOWA SEEN Showers Will Spread to All Sections of State Is Prediction DES M O I N E S rain weekend for Iowa was forecas by the weather bureau Saturday Showers prevalent in souther and central Iowa the last 24 hour will spread to all sections of th state except the northwest portio Saturday night and Sunday th bureau said Lamoni reported 168 inches rain for the heaviest precipilatio in Iowa Friday night Other re ports included Burlington 12 Mount Ayr 106 Albia 91 an Keokuk 88 Temperatures were about nor ma over most of the state In wood Atlantic and Mount Ayr re porting 68 degrees for Friday high mark Lowest during th night was 32 degrees at Esther villc Hoppers Latest Victims of Fad MEMPHIS Tcnn Battle University of Tennessee Dental school student broke some kind of record Saturday He won a dollar bet by eating only one grasshopper cy Reception or Speech in Mazi Circles BERLIN Roose elts peace proposal was icily re eived in Berlin Wellin formed olitical quarters described it as oming with bad grace from a man vho lor months has been de louncedby the pfvicial German longer No 1 and Itafher of the AntiAxis Encirclement Policy Officials were taken by surprise t receipt of the messnge and re used to comment until they hud ime to scrutinize it closely Well iformed political quarters how ver believed the nazi govern ments reaction most likely would e as follows 1 It is an impertinence on Presi ent Roosevelts part to request uch guarantees seeing that nei her Germany nor Italy according o German claims has any ag gressive intentions against any ither powers 2 It is President Roosevelt who or months has fathered the anti xis encirclement campaign 3 That the message coming on op his panAmerican address Triday which was denounced here as final proof of the presidents in ention to drive the world into war cannot be regarded seriously by he axis governments MUSSOLINI HITLER TO CONFER ON REPLY ROME United Press was informed authoritatively Sat urday that Premier Benito Mus solini will confer with Fuehre Adolf Hitler before replying t President Roosevelts peace mes age especially since it was ad dressed to both dictators Mussolini and Col Gen Hermat Wilhelm Goering who is visiting Rome were expected to discuss the matter fully before Goering leaves on Monday and work out similar answers Goering to make telephonic contact with Hitler to coordinate the decisions Asked what attitude the Italian government was taking about the message a spokesman for the press ministry said For the present we consider Count Cianos address this after noon a sufficient reply In political circles the message brought outspoken resentment It was stated that President Roose velt used an undiplomatic tone and talked to Hitler and Mussolini as though he were scolding two bad boys FLEET ORDERED TO WEST COAST Sudden Move Sends 120 Warships Back to Pacific Ocean WASHINGTON U S battle fleet concentrated on the Atlanticcoastifor a series of re views and displays was suddenly ordered Saturday to return to the Pacific coast with utmost dispatch No reason was offered for the sudden fleet movement but there appeared no doubt the order was dictated by considerations of high est importance Not for years have fleet movements of such magni tude been ordered on such shor notice To proceed Immediately The fleet now scattered along the Atlantic bulk of i in Hampton directed to proceed to the west coast a soon as the warships can b fueled The entire fleet with the excep lion of the newly constituted At lantic squadron led by three bat tleships and scattered secondary craft was ordered to return to it normal operating area in the Pa cific 56 Ships to Remain Navy officials said approxi mately 56 ships will remain on th east coast and will participate i what previously had been sched uled as a grand fleet review fo the opening of the New Yor worlds fair early in May Navy officials estimated would require about three days fo fueling of the fleet to be com pleted and that the movement I the west coast would be complete 13 or 14 days In addition to the normal At lantic squadron the navy de tached five cruisers six subma rines and one aircraft carrier to remain on the east coast It was estimated that 120 war ships would return to the Pacific About 140 war vessels made the transit from west to east in Janu ary The Weather FORECAST JUiUJ IOWA Kain probable Satur day night and Sunday except cloudy Sunday northwest some what warmer northwest Sunday MINNESOTA Generally fair cast and south increasing cloudi ness northwest rising tempera ture west Saturday night Sun day mostly cloudy showers northwest rising temperature east and south cooler extreme northwest IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 a m Saturday IMaximum Friday 56 Minimum in Xight 33 At 8 a m Saturday 39 YEAR AGO Maximum 70 Minimum 53 Precip Tr WEEKLY FORECAST CHICAGO out look for the period April 17 to 22 CHICAGO unofficial Upper Mississippi and city series between the White Sox Missouri Valleys and tlic Northern and Cubs was postponed for a and Central Great Plains tcm second lime Saturday by wet peratures mostly near or below grounds at Comiskey park The normal and not much prccipita Eame was rained 6ut Friday Ition indicated Fearful of Another War Veteran Hangs Himself in Room WATERBURY Conn George Murphy 45 was a cavalry man in the last World war and knew the terrors of conflict AH week as he watched the Euro peon crisis develop Murphy kept telling his sister he would rather destroy himself than go to war again The veteran a WPA em ploye made good his threat He hanged himself in his room Chicago Baseball Series Postponed I WASHINGTON AP President Roosevelt has urged Chancellor Hitler and Premier Mussolini to assure peace for 1 a period of at least 10 years 1 The chief executive dis I closed at an unusual Saturday 1 press conference that lie had i transmitted messages to Hit I letand Mussolini offering to as an intermediary in ommunicating any offers for eace by Germany and Italy o other nations The president asked spe ifically whether Hitler and lussolini were willing to give ssurance that their armed orces would not attack a icoreof nowindependent na ions an assurance clearly must apply not only to the present day Mr Roosevelts message said but also to a future sufficiently long o give every opportunity to work by peaceful methods 1or a more permanent peace Seeks Assurances I therefore suggest that you word lutureto apply to a minimum period ofassured years at the quarter of a century we dare look that far ahead If such assurance is ffiven by your government I will im mediately transmit to the gov ernment of the nations I have named and I will simultaneous ly inquire whether as I am reasonably sure each of the na tions enumerated above will in turn give like assurance for transmission to you The president specifically asked Hitler and Mussolini whether they would give assurances that their armed forces would not attack or invade the territory or possessions of the following independent na tions Would Act as Intermediary Finland Estonia Latvia Lithu ania Sweden Norway Denmark the Netherlands Belgium Great Britain and Ireland France Por tugal Spain Switzerland Liech tenstein Luxumburg Poland Hungary Rumania Yugoslavia Russia Bulgaria Greece Turkey Iraq the Arabias Syria Palestine Egypt and Iran The president said he would act as a friendly intermediary in transmitting peace assurances from Hitler and Mussolini to other nations He added that if reciprocal as surances for peace are given then the nations of the world can begin discussions looking toward dis armament and the opening up of trade channels Mr Roosevelt said the United States would participate in a con ference on these two problems Nations other than the United States he said could undertake such political discussions as they may consider necessary or desir able Message Sent Friday yight Mr Roosevelt read to reporters the message he sent to Hitler and Mussolini Secretary Hull sat on one side of the chief executive and Chairman Pittman DNev of the senate foreign relations committee on the other The chief executives message was dispatched at 8 p m CST Friday night A copy signed by the president went to Hitler as chancellor of Germany and a copy signed by Hull went to Mus solini as premier of Italy Mr Roosevelts communication stressed that there now was a gen eral fear of war throughout the world The existence of this fear he snid is of definite concern to the people of the United States for whom I speak as it must also be to the peoples of the other na tions of the entire western hemis phere All of them know that any ma jor war even if it were to be con fined to other continents must bear heavily on them during its continuance and also for genera tions to come Because of the fact that aftei Lowcr the acute tension in which the world has been living during the past few weeks there would seem to be at least a momentary relax no troops are at this moment on the   

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