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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 11, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HAH LON E R HIST tEM A AR T OEPT OF fOAA COUP I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLV ASSOCIATED PHESS AND UNITED PRESS FUX1 LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY APRIL 11 1939 MASON CITY THI BRIGHT THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS ATTACK INSTITUTION MORALS u i iu 11 Paul Nation Hitler Already in Control of Danzig WASHINGTON Hitlers ex pected conquest of Danzig should be about as difficult for him as a conquest of Berlin The free city has not been free for many months His nazis have taken over the entire city council except two Polish rep resentatives Private d i s patches here do not indicate what softheart edness caused the Hitlerites to refrain from ex terminating the remaining two but apparently Hitler has taken precautions against the opposition becoming any larger His Danzig government an nounced about two weeks ago that the council elections scheduled for this month would not be held be cause the council already repre sents the people so there is no use going to the expense having an election None but Hitlers newspapers have been allowed to circulate in Danzig for several months Unmentioned part of the Al banian robbery by Mussolini was that top diplomats considered it a surprising indication of Italian weakness Mussolini had been building for months up to a cam paign for expansion in the west ern Mediterranean against France When he stepped back in the op posite direction and held up a practically defenseless friendly na tion at his heel the higherups here took it as a confession of what they suspected that His chances of success against France were not good enough to be pursued Propaganda Appears armys invisible in telligenceservice is trying to chase down sources of conflicting German and British propaganda appearing out of the ground here faster than the flowers that bloom in the spring The propaganda is mostly pamphleteering handiwork signed with faked high sounding names sometimes in the form of facts discovered by organizations that do not like the stuff that flooded this country be fore we entered the World war It is surprisingly well conceived but the falsity of it is evident to a practiced eye Both the antiBritish and the antiGerman material appears to be the work of Americans or per sons with intimate knowledge of American slang religious sympa thies mass enthusiasms Yet the great volume and its many forms leave little doubt that the inspira tion if not cash to finance it comes from abroad G2 is working more in amuse ment than in rage but from such amusing propaganda is war even tually made Be wary and mark well the source of everything you read these days Front by Army Navy Not all current Washington propaganda is foreign The alarm ing front put up by army and navy air corps in an effort to get 510000000 more for a Sunnyvale Cal experimental station has Ief1 considerable resentment within congress Up to now army and navy pf ficials have managed to get theii unprecedented appropriation of Sl700000000 in a fairly orderly manner without stretching the truth of their actual basic needs for defense too much or attempt ing to inflame the country There fore the appropriations committees were surprised when army and navy air corps leaders raised the cry that the U S air force is in ferior to Germanys in an attempt to frighten congress into the Sun nyvale appropriation The cry had the opposite effect The appropriation was denied But commilteemen now are telling themselves that the army anc navy air services are technical inferior to Gelmany this country may need some new aircorps lead ers more than 510000000 for a Sunnyvale experimental station Copyright Klnjr Feilurei lnc Urge Soviet Support of AnilAggression Bloc Center of Activities One Dies 2 Hurt as Automobile Leaves Roacl Near Grinnell GRINNELL A F Bunge of Detroit Mich a student at the Still College of Osteopathy Des Moines was killed and two o his companions were injured seri ously early Tuesday when their car left highway No 6 three miles west of here Donald W Brail of Jackson Mich and Howard H Johnston of Detroit also Still col lege students were taken to Grinnell hospital SECTION ONE NO 157 REPORTS SHOW MORE ACTIVITY BY ITALY NAZIS British Fleet Steams to Malta for Display of Strength on Sea LONDON Minis ter Chamberlain Tuesday intensi fied his efforts to bring soviet Rus sia into a European antiaggression pact as reports reached London of mounting RomeBerlin activity in Spain and the Balkans Ivan Maisky soviet ambassa dor visited the foreign office Tuesday morning for a conference with Foreign Secretary Viscount Halifax It was reported reliably that he had expressed the soviet view that the BritishPolish mutual aid pact was not enough to stop the axis powers and to have discussed the possibility of a wide agreement which would include Rumania Turkey Greece and Bulgaria The diplomatic activity coin cided with concentration of he British Mediterranean fleet which was hastily mustered from scattered ports and steamed toward a rendezvous said by the admiralty to be at Malta in a show of power apparently in tended lo reassure the Balkans against any aggressive Home Berlin moves Admiralty officials denied that any British ships were near the Greek island of Corfu off the Al banian coast or in any other Greek waters They said how ever that the Mediterranean fleet was concentrating at Malta the closest British naval base to Corlu Chamberlain was said to have warned Italy Tuesday that seizure of Corfu would be a cause for war Chamberlain laid his plans for a broad antiaggression alliance before King George in a lengthy conference at Buckingham palace after the sovereign had broken his Easter holiday at Windsor castle for a swift review of disturbing political maneuvers over the eastern half of Europe Stays at Gibraltar The battle cruiser Eepulse on cruise prior lo being assigned to the special duty of taking King George and Queen Elizabeth to Canada next month remained at Gibraltar causing speculation that she was being held there to strengthen the Mediterranean fleet In informed quarters some sup port was given to reports of un usual activity along the Polish German frontier and of increased Italian troop concentrations along the AlbanianGreek border Anxious Over Spain British officials did not conceal their anxiety over failure of Italy and Germany to remove thoir troops and technical experts from Spain Marshal Henri Philippe Pe tain French ambassador to Spain arrived in Paris for a conference with the foreign office and il was understood he made the trip on his own initiative It was feared in London that if a war broke out France would have to defend her Pyrenees fron tier as well as her eastern and Italian fronts Stressed by George A week ago the World war prime minister David Lloyd George told Chamberlain that if we are going in to a guarantee of Poland without the help of Rus sia we are walking into a trap Lloyd George was understood to have urged the necessity of Rus sias active military support in another private conversation with Chamberlain and it was believed the prime minister now was doing everything possible to expedite an agreement with Moscow leny Rumania Heady Reports that Rumania had told Britain she now was prepared to sign a mutual defense pact were denied in both British and Ru manian official quarters It was admitted in both places however that such an agreement might be reached shortly Reports that Premier Mussolini had sent a personal message to Chamberlain assuring him that Italy had no aggressive intentions toward Greece lacked confirma tion at both the foreign office and the premiers office Despite denials there was some anxiety in labor circles that the prime minister might be trying to revive his appeasement policy through direct negotiation with il duce U G 0 S w offH n SAN Gt OVAN Following Italian invasion of Albania fears were expressed for the independence of Greece England stated Monday any Italian move for the island of Corfu would be considered a cause for war Greece Declares Italians Gave Categoric Assurances Concentration of Soldiers Continues in Dodecanese Islands ATHENS newspa pers announced Tuesday we are in position to assert that the Ital ian government gave the Greece categoric assurances that it would respect the integrity of Greece including the island of Corfu Editorial statements along this line were printed in morning newspapers as footnotes to reports from Berlin and Paris that Italy had assured Britain she had no intention of infringing on Greek territorial rights Fleet Mystery Deepens The mystery concerning British fleet movements in the Mediter ranean deepened Tuesday when responsible Athens sources were unable to confirm reports that British warships were plying the waters off the island of Corfu In London it was generally be lieved Britains Mediterranean fleet was converging upon the strategic Greek island near the mouth of the Adriatic and within sight of the south shore of Al bania following a reported warn ing by Prime Minister Chamber lain that seizure of the island by Italy would be a cause for war At the same time Greeks said they considered it only natural if Britain should take steps to guard the integrity of Corfu Neutrality Is Guaranteed They pointed out that the neu trality ot the island is guaranteed in perpetuity by terms of a treaty of 1862 among Britain Denmark Russia and Greece by which the island was ceded to Greece The island was under British administration from 1809 when the French were driven out un til its cession to Greece in 1862 A cause for alarm was a report from Piraeus of recent concentra tions of Itnlian troops said to number 45000 large consignments of ammunition and war supplies sent to the Island of Rhodes in the Dodecanese Islands off the south eastern coast of Greece From 800 to 1500 Italian soldiers were said to have been landed on each of the 12 other islands in the group The presence in Greece of the deposed king Zog I ot Albania and his AmericanHungarian wife Queen Geraldine also was an unpleasant reminder lo Greece of Italys latest aggression PLAXS WEEKLY PAPER ATLANTIC to es tablish a weekly newspaper here May 25 were announced by Arden H mills who has been city editor of the Atlantic News Telegraph the last 11 years SIX ARE DEAD IN CHICAGO BLAZE Janitor Confesses Starting Five as Means for Revenge CHICAGO Negro dwellers were burned to death and more than a dozen others suffered severe burns in a fire thatswept through their apartment building at 2953 South Michigan avenue early Tuesday Four children and two adults ap parently had been trapped try flames while asleep Their bodies were found in beds all in the same apartment Firemen rescued 10 persons soon utter the fire started about a m Several dwellers were in jured in leaps from the top floo of the threestory stone building Earl Downes assistant city cor poration counsel said the Negro janitor of the building had con fessed starting the fire in revenge for a fancied wrong at the hands of the building owner The Jan itor William Warren 21 was placed under arrest GAS ASSOCIATION ELECTS DES MOINES J Gunther of Lincoln Nebr wa elected president of the MidWes Gas association to succeed Sam D Whiteman of Sioux Fails S Dak R B Searing of Sioux City was reelected secretary anc treasurer The Weather FORECAST IOWA Unsettled colder cast and south Tuesday night tem peratures far below freezing Wednesday generally fair not so cold central and west in after noon MIXVESOTA Generally fair Tuesday night and Wednesday continued cold Tuesday night colder extreme southeast not so cold Wednesday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Monday 51 Minimum Monday night 20 At 8 3 m Tuesday 22 Snow tracc YEAR AGO Maximum 59 Minimum 33 EXPERTS MEET TO JUDGE BEST BUTTER IN U S 355 Tubs of Choice Products From 17 States on Exhibit Expert buttermakers from hroughout the United States gathered at the Iowa State Brand creameries here Tuesday morning o judge 355 tubs of the finest but er produced in 17 states The national contest is sponsored y the National Creamery Butter makers association in connection vith their convention here Tues day and Wednesday The 48 judges epresent eight states having been in proportion to the num jer of butter entries from the va rious states 350 Will Attend There were one each from North Dakota and Montana two from II inois three each from Tennessee and South Dakota seven from Wisconsin 12 from Iowa and 19 from Minnesota Total registration for the two day session is expected to reach 350 persons States represented at the Tuesday meeting were Min nesota Tennessee Wisconsin North and South Dakota Iowa Ohio New Jersey Michigan In diana Illinois and Montana Following the Tuesday morning session of butter judging a lunch eon was held in the Hotel Han ford for the committee judges Three authorities on buttermaking practices headlined the afternoon meeting Find Spoilage Factor By the simple expedient of sub jecting 22000 churnings of butter to the most unfavorable condi tions standing seven days in ord inary room temperatures the Na tional Butter company has discov ered that the largest spoilage fac tor in butter is water impurity according to C M Sorenson Du buque field representative who told of the search for the cause of spoilage of butter manufactured under the most sanitary conditions when equipment was known to be sterilized and in perfect order The cause he related was finally discovered in the fresh water which is used to wash the butter granules while still in the churn Most creameries have their own wells which are tested by the state department nf health Anc even though the water was ap proved for drinking purposes it was determined that organisms which were not injurious to hu man health still were contributing to the spoilage of butter Use Chlorine Treatment The cure developed consisted of a chlorine treatment much like that used in the larger municipal water plants the speaker ex plained stressing the need for preventive work in the field of butter spoilage which he pointed out is of the utmost importance when the nations spread for bread must be shipped long dis tances the journey requiring sev eral days New developments of the phos nhotase test was explained by Dr E W Bird Iowa State college at the afternoon session He pointed out that the purpose the test was to detect faulty pasteurization in milk Demonstrates Test Dr Bird showed by demonstra tion how the test was applied to milk and iiow sensitive it was in determining faulty milk He also explained that the test is relative ly new having been started in England four or five years ago and introduced in the United States during the past two years The test is not yet accepted as a legal tool Dr Bird explained but this step will come eventually He pointed out that experiments were being conducted in connec tion with applying the test to ice cream and butter Dr H C Macy University of Minnesota was the third speaker on the Tuesday afternoon program He explained the control of sur face defects of butter and used demonstrations Will Elect Officers Early Wednesday forenoon the judging contests will be held to be followed by the business meet ing and election of officers The afternoon will be given over to a number of demonstrations in the high school auditorium on the theme For Goodness Sake Use Cutter which also is the theme of the convention Wednesday evening will end the program with a banquet minstrel show and dance Tasting and Smelling Detecting That Superb Quality of Iowa Butter Butter experts are shown above tasting and smelling someof the specimens of American dairy products at the convention of the IValional Creamery Buttermakers association in Mason City Tuesdav Above arc S T Coulter left of the University of Minnesota and Frank Bolm of IWadclia Minn Coulter is smelling and Bolin is tastinir in this judging event Below is pictured a team of experts from faroff Tennessee with S Edwards JVasIiville left showing his colleagues W II York Aolenville and Herman Larson Cleveland the fine points about quality butter Lock photo Kayenay enEravmjr LOOK INSIDE FOR CHARLES EVANS HUGHES Justice Will Return to Service on Bench PAGE 2 Belmond Farm Couple Admits Swindle Hoax PAGE 8 Mason City High Is Winner on Diamond PAGE 9 LindyWiHGetm Touch With House Group on Arrival WASHINGTON V Col Charles A Lindbergh invited to testify before the house foreign affairs committee on neutrality radioed the committee Tuesday he would communicate with it di rectly upon his arrival in this country Acting Chairman Bloom D N Y commented I guess we can expect to have the honor of having Colonel Lind bergh appear before the commit tee and arrangements will be made accordingly The radiogram was jent from the New Yorkbound steamship Aquitania DECLARE FUNDS INSUFFICIENT Control Board Says Immorality Never Has Been Condoned DES MOINES board of control members Tuesday an swered immorality charges in volving some of the states 86 child wards by declaring insuffi cient funds are available to su pervise the youngsters from un desirable homes underprivileged and in many instances subnorma and oversexed The board admits ihat in mos of the institutions conditions are overcrowded equipment and number employes are not ade quate a board statement said This has been cnlleri to the at tention of the legislature cacl session Dont Condone Immorality The board docs not wish t emphatically say however tha they have never in any way coun tenanced or condoned immorality On numerous occasions em ployes have been discharged fo improper conduct As for intoxication drunken ness and riotous revelry at the in stitutions the board never has condoned this sort of thing and believes the informatior coming to the committee will reference to drunkenness is great ly exaggerated Board Strikes Baek The board struck back at wha it called the oblique insinuatiot made concerning a young ladj employe being in her room in th middle of the afternoon with hci cousin This to us seem lo be smal tiiat we cannot refrain from en oeavoring to express our feelings It does not seem that even thi despcratcness of the situation a to getting something with which to besmirch the board justifiec this Bandit Takes 1 Returns Flees ROCHESTER N Y Th bulge in the strangers coat pocke looked like a gun Filling station operator Arthu The band of a onedo Jar bil handed back and I led MANY CHARGES ARE MADE WITH SENATE PROBE Immorality Running Rampant in Nearly All of 15 Places DES MOINES running rampant in practically all the institutions under the loard of control an Iowa senate nvestigating committee charged Tuesday This was only one of the accu jations made by the committee iu the 32 page report on the manage ment of the states 15 mentaC penal and corrective institutions Other charges made by the com mittee werer 1 Children placed with foster parents from the state home at Toledo have been lost because failure to have the foster par ents contract for them Poisons Not Labeled 2 Unlabeled poisons are kept in the wards at the hospital at Cherokee 3 Members of the board of con trol and other state officials have used their political influence to obtain employment for friends and relatives in state institutions 4 State hospital employes are solicited for political campaign contributions Sleep on Floors 5 Patients at the Independence and Cherokee state hospitals sleep on mattresses on ball floors 6 Fire hazards exist in almost every instiution 7 Institution officials use state cars for personal trips 8 Children at the state home at Toledo are confined in a dungeon where they are com pelled to sleep iui mattresses placed on the waterbugs arid cockroaches crawl ing over them constantly Buy Liquor Books 9 Boys at the same institution are permitted to build huts to which they entice the girl in mates 10 Convict laborers are per mitted to buy liquor books and get drunk The committee said it has testi mony submitted under oath to support the immorality charge Committee Is Amazed While it is a most deplorable fact that this situation should exist between the male and female em ployes the committee is unable to find word to express their sur prise amazement disgust and loathesomeness when not only the executive officers of these insti tutions are involved but when it affects the boys and girls confined in our orphans homes The re port said There follows i list of specific instances conditions with which the committee supports its charge beginning with the institution at Toledo On one occasion a boy and girl were m a bathroom together and the door was closed Incidents Are Described On one occasion a number of the bigger boys and girls met on a coasting party and everything happened that could happen and the matron ot the girls cottage found evidence that the girls had probably been guilty of immoral conduct One of the inmates admitted by his own testimony of telling lewd stories concerning The witness who testified to these incidents the report said was a Miss Dunn The report cited various inci dents from the soldiers orphans home at Davenport Recited by Steward The committee said the steward recited instances of intimacies between inmates of the institution and between convict laborers and a 14 year old girl inmate of the institution The two convicts were after wards sent back to the state pen itentiary at Fort Madison he added The superintendent testified to another similar incident between a girl on placement near the in stitution and one of the convict laborers Now serving Time The committee said it dHcov ercd a young matron in one of the cottages secluded in her apart ment in the middle of the after noon with a young chap about 13 or 20 years old who was reported to have been her cousin A Miss Dewitt testified that nn inrmite left the institution and went to a mans room down town tne report continued Later this man was convicted and is now serving time in the state penitentiary the commit tee said Stay Out Late port said further stales tni sex cases are coming up all time because of the liberties
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